Label: ERBITUX- cetuximab solution

  • NDC Code(s): 66733-948-23, 66733-958-23
  • Packager: ImClone LLC
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Biologic Licensing Application

Drug Label Information

Updated June 5, 2018

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  • BOXED WARNING(What is this?)

    WARNING: INFUSION REACTIONS and CARDIOPULMONARY ARREST

    Infusion Reactions: ERBITUX can cause serious and fatal infusion reactions[see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Adverse Reactions (6)]. Immediately interrupt and permanently discontinue ERBITUX for serious infusion reactions[see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

    Cardiopulmonary Arrest: Cardiopulmonary arrest or sudden death occurred in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck receiving ERBITUX with radiation therapy or a cetuximab product with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil. Monitor serum electrolytes, including serum magnesium, potassium, and calcium, during and after ERBITUX administration [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2, 5.6)].

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ERBITUX safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ERBITUX.
    ERBITUX ® (cetuximab) injection, for intravenous use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2004

    WARNING: INFUSION REACTIONS and CARDIOPULMONARY ARREST

    See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

    • ERBITUX can cause serious and fatal infusion reactions. (5.1, 6) Immediately interrupt and permanently discontinue ERBITUX for serious infusion reactions. (2.4)
    • Cardiopulmonary arrest or sudden death occurred in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck receiving ERBITUX with radiation therapy or with a cetuximab product with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil. Monitor serum electrolytes, including serum magnesium, potassium, and calcium, during and after ERBITUX administration. (5.2, 5.6)

    RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

    Dosage and Administration,
         Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions (2.4)
    6/2018
    Warnings and Precautions, Infusion Reactions (5.1) 6/2018
    Warnings and Precautions, Embryo-Fetal Toxicity (5.8) 5/2018

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    ERBITUX® is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonist indicated for treatment of:

    Head and Neck Cancer

    • Locally or regionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck in combination with radiation therapy. (1.1, 14.1)
    • Recurrent locoregional disease or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck in combination with platinum-based therapy with fluorouracil. (1.1, 14.1)
    • Recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck progressing after platinum-based therapy. (1.1, 14.1)

    Colorectal Cancer

    K-Ras wild-type, EGFR-expressing, metastatic colorectal cancer as determined by an FDA-approved test

    • in combination with FOLFIRI for first-line treatment,
    • in combination with irinotecan in patients who are refractory to irinotecan-based chemotherapy,
    • as a single agent in patients who have failed oxaliplatin- and irinotecan-based chemotherapy or who are intolerant to irinotecan. (1.2, 5.7, 12.1, 14.2)

    Limitations of Use: ERBITUX is not indicated for treatment of Ras-mutant colorectal cancer or when the results of the Ras mutation tests are unknown. (5.7)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    • Premedicate with an H1 receptor antagonist. (2.3)
    • Administer 400 mg/m2 initial dose as a 120-minute intravenous infusion followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly infused over 60 minutes. (2.1, 2.2, 2.4)
    • Initiate ERBITUX one week prior to initiation of radiation therapy. Complete ERBITUX administration 1 hour prior to irinotecan, platinum-based therapy with fluorouracil or FOLFIRI. (2.1, 2.2)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    • Injection: 100 mg/50 mL (2 mg/mL) or 200 mg/100 mL (2 mg/mL) in a single-dose vial. (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None. (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Infusion Reactions: Monitor patients following infusion. Immediately stop and permanently discontinue ERBITUX for serious infusion reactions. (2.4, 5.1)
    • Cardiopulmonary Arrest: Monitor serum electrolytes during and after ERBITUX. (5.2, 5.6)
    • Pulmonary Toxicity: Interrupt or permanently discontinue for acute onset or worsening of pulmonary symptoms. (2.4, 5.3)
    • Dermatologic Toxicity: Monitor for dermatologic toxicities or infectious sequelae. Limit sun exposure. (2.4, 5.4)
    • Hypomagnesemia and Accompanying Electrolyte Abnormalities: Monitor during treatment and for at least 8 weeks following the completion. Replete electrolytes as necessary. (5.6)
    • Increased tumor progression, increased mortality, or lack of benefit observed in patients with Ras-mutant mCRC. (5.7)
    • Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise females of potential risk to the fetus and to use effective contraception. (5.8, 8.1, 8.3)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥25%) are: cutaneous adverse reactions (including rash, pruritus, and nail changes), headache, diarrhea, and infection. (6)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Eli Lilly and Company at 1-800-LillyRx (1-800-545-5979) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    • Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

    Revised: 6/2018

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

    WARNING: INFUSION REACTIONS and CARDIOPULMONARY ARREST

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    1.2 K-Ras Wild-type, EGFR-expressing Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Dosage for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    2.2 Recommended Dosage for Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

    2.3 Premedication

    2.4 Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions

    2.5 Preparation for Administration

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Infusion Reactions

    5.2 Cardiopulmonary Arrest

    5.3 Pulmonary Toxicity

    5.4 Dermatologic Toxicity

    5.5 Risks Associated with Use in Combination with Radiation and Cisplatin

    5.6 Hypomagnesemia and Accompanying Electrolyte Abnormalities

    5.7 Increased Tumor Progression, Increased Mortality, or Lack of Benefit in Patients with Ras-Mutant mCRC

    5.8 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    6.2 Immunogenicity

    6.3 Postmarketing Experience

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    8.2 Lactation

    8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    11 DESCRIPTION

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    14.2 K-Ras Wild-type, EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
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  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    ERBITUX® is indicated:

    • in combination with radiation therapy for the initial treatment of locally or regionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).
    • in combination with platinum-based therapy with fluorouracil for the first-line treatment of patients with recurrent locoregional disease or metastatic SCCHN.
    • as a single agent for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic SCCHN for whom prior platinum-based therapy has failed.

    1.2 K-Ras Wild-type, EGFR-expressing Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

    ERBITUX is indicated for the treatment of K-Ras wild-type, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-expressing, metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) as determined by an FDA-approved test [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]:

    • in combination with FOLFIRI (irinotecan, fluorouracil, leucovorin) for first-line treatment,
    • in combination with irinotecan in patients who are refractory to irinotecan-based chemotherapy,
    • as a single agent in patients who have failed oxaliplatin- and irinotecan-based chemotherapy or who are intolerant to irinotecan.

    Limitations of Use: ERBITUX is not indicated for treatment of Ras-mutant colorectal cancer or when the results of the Ras mutation tests are unknown [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Dosage for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    In combination with radiation therapy or platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil

    • The recommended initial dose is 400 mg/m2 administered one week prior to initiating a course of radiation therapy or on the first day of platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil as a 120-minute intravenous infusion.
    • The recommended subsequent dosage (all other infusions) is 250 mg/m2 weekly as a 60-minute infusion for the duration of radiation therapy (6–7 weeks) or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity when administered in combination with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil.
    • Complete ERBITUX administration 1 hour prior to radiation therapy or platinum-based therapy with fluorouracil.

    Monotherapy

    • The recommended initial dose is 400 mg/m2 administered as a 120-minute intravenous infusion.
    • The recommended subsequent dosage (all other infusions) is 250 mg/m2 weekly as a 60-minute infusion until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

    2.2 Recommended Dosage for Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

    Determine EGFR-expression status using FDA-approved tests prior to initiating treatment. Also confirm the absence of a Ras mutation prior to initiation of treatment with ERBITUX. Information on FDA-approved tests for the detection of K-Ras mutations in patients with metastatic CRC is available at: http://www.fda.gov/medicaldevices/productsandmedicalprocedures/invitrodiagnostics/ucm301431.htm.

    • The recommended initial dose, either as monotherapy or in combination with irinotecan or FOLFIRI (irinotecan, fluorouracil, leucovorin), is 400 mg/m2 administered as a 120-minute intravenous infusion.
    • The recommended subsequent dosage, either as monotherapy or in combination with irinotecan or FOLFIRI, is 250 mg/m2 weekly as a 60-minute infusion until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Complete ERBITUX administration 1 hour prior to irinotecan or FOLFIRI.

    2.3 Premedication

    Premedicate with a histamine-1 (H1) receptor antagonist intravenously 30–60 minutes prior to the first dose or subsequent doses as deemed necessary [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    2.4 Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions

    Reduce, delay, or discontinue ERBITUX to manage adverse reactions as described in Table 1.

    Table 1: Recommended Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions
    Adverse Reaction Severitya Dosage Modification

    a National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC), version 2.0.

    Infusion reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] Grade 1 or 2 Reduce the infusion rate by 50%.
    Grade 3 or 4 Immediately and permanently, discontinue ERBITUX.
    Dermatologic toxicities and infectious sequelae (e.g., acneiform rash, mucocutaneous disease) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] 1st occurrence; Grade 3 or 4 Delay infusion 1 to 2 weeks; if condition improves, continue at 250 mg/m2.
    If no improvement, discontinue ERBITUX.
    2nd occurrence; Grade 3 or 4 Delay infusion 1 to 2 weeks; if condition improves, continue at 200 mg/m2.
    If no improvement, discontinue ERBITUX.
    3rd occurrence; Grade 3 or 4 Delay infusion 1 to 2 weeks; if condition improves, continue at 150 mg/m2.
    If no improvement, discontinue ERBITUX.
    4th occurrence; Grade 3 or 4 Discontinue ERBITUX.
    Pulmonary toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Acute onset or worsening pulmonary symptoms Delay infusion 1 to 2 weeks; if condition improves, continue at the dose that was being administered at the time of occurrence.
    If no improvement in 2 weeks or interstitial lung disease (ILD) is confirmed, discontinue ERBITUX.

    2.5 Preparation for Administration

    • Do not administer ERBITUX as an intravenous push or bolus.
    • Administer via infusion pump or syringe pump. Do not exceed an infusion rate of 10 mg/min.
    • Administer through a low protein binding 0.22-micrometer in-line filter.
    • Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
    • The solution should be clear and colorless and may contain a small amount of easily visible, white, amorphous, cetuximab particulates. Do not shake or dilute.
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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Injection: 100 mg/50 mL (2 mg/mL) or 200 mg/100 mL (2 mg/mL) as a clear, colorless solution in a single-dose vial.

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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None.

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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Infusion Reactions

    ERBITUX can cause serious and fatal infusion reactions. Infusion reactions of any grade occurred in 8.4% of 1373 patients who received ERBITUX across clinical trials. Severe (Grades 3 and 4) infusion reactions occurred in 2.2% of patients [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Signs and symptoms included rapid onset of airway obstruction (bronchospasm, stridor, hoarseness), hypotension, shock, loss of consciousness, myocardial infarction, and/or cardiac arrest.

    The risk of anaphylactic reactions may be increased in patients with a history of tick bites, red meat allergy, or in the presence of IgE antibodies directed against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal).

    Approximately 90% of severe infusion reactions occurred with the first infusion despite premedication with antihistamines. Infusion reactions may occur during or several hours following completion of the infusion.

    Premedicate with a histamine-1(H1) receptor antagonist as recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. Monitor patients for at least 1 hour following each ERBITUX infusion, in a setting with resuscitation equipment and other agents necessary to treat anaphylaxis. In patients requiring treatment for infusion reactions, monitor for more than 1 hour to confirm resolution of the reaction. Interrupt the infusion and upon recovery, resume the infusion at a slower rate or permanently discontinue ERBITUX based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

    5.2 Cardiopulmonary Arrest

    ERBITUX can cause cardiopulmonary arrest. Cardiopulmonary arrest or sudden death occurred in 2% of 208 patients treated with radiation therapy and ERBITUX in BONNER. Three patients with prior history of coronary artery disease died at home, with myocardial infarction as the presumed cause of death. One of these patients had arrhythmia and one had congestive heart failure. Death occurred 27, 32, and 43 days after the last dose of ERBITUX. One patient with no prior history of coronary artery disease died one day after the last dose of ERBITUX.

    In EXTREME, fatal cardiac disorders and/or sudden death occurred in 3% of 219 patients treated with a cetuximab product in combination with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil.

    Carefully consider use of ERBITUX with radiation therapy or platinum-based therapy with fluorouracil in patients with SCCHN with a history of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or arrhythmias. Monitor serum electrolytes, including serum magnesium, potassium, and calcium, during and after ERBITUX [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

    5.3 Pulmonary Toxicity

    ERBITUX can cause interstitial lung disease (ILD). ILD, including 1 fatality, occurred in <0.5% of 1570 patients receiving ERBITUX in clinical trials.

    Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pulmonary toxicity. Interrupt or permanently discontinue ERBITUX for acute onset or worsening of pulmonary symptoms. Permanently discontinue ERBITUX for confirmed ILD [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

    5.4 Dermatologic Toxicity

    ERBITUX can cause dermatologic toxicities, including acneiform rash, skin drying and fissuring, paronychial inflammation, infectious sequelae (for example, S. aureus sepsis, abscess formation, cellulitis, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis/ulcerative keratitis with decreased visual acuity, cheilitis), and hypertrichosis.

    Acneiform rash occurred in 82% of the 1373 patients who received ERBITUX across clinical trials. Severe (Grades 3 or 4) acneiform rash occurred in 9.7% of patients [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Acneiform rash usually developed within the first two weeks of therapy; the rash lasted more than 28 days after stopping ERBITUX in most patients.

    Life-threatening and fatal bullous mucocutaneous disease with blisters, erosions, and skin sloughing, has been observed in patients who received ERBITUX. It could not be determined whether these mucocutaneous adverse reactions were directly related to EGFR inhibition or to idiosyncratic immune-related effects (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome or toxic epidermal necrolysis).

    Monitor patients receiving ERBITUX for dermatologic toxicities and infectious sequelae. Instruct patients to limit sun exposure during ERBITUX therapy. Withhold, reduce dose or permanently discontinue ERBITUX based on severity of acneiform rash or mucocutaneous disease [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

    5.5 Risks Associated with Use in Combination with Radiation and Cisplatin

    In a controlled study, 940 patients with locally advanced SCCHN were randomized 1:1 to receive either ERBITUX in combination with radiation therapy and cisplatin or radiation therapy and cisplatin alone. The addition of ERBITUX resulted in an increase in the incidence of Grade 3 and 4 mucositis, radiation recall syndrome, acneiform rash, cardiac events, and electrolyte disturbances compared to radiation and cisplatin alone. Adverse reactions with fatal outcome were reported in 4% of patients in the ERBITUX combination arm and 3% in the control arm. In the ERBITUX arm, 2% experienced myocardial ischemia compared to 0.9% in the control arm. The main efficacy outcome of the study was progression-free survival (PFS). The addition of ERBITUX to radiation and cisplatin did not improve PFS. ERBITUX is not indicated for the treatment of SCCHN in combination with radiation and cisplatin.

    5.6 Hypomagnesemia and Accompanying Electrolyte Abnormalities

    ERBITUX can cause hypomagnesemia. Hypomagnesemia occurred in 55% of 365 patients receiving ERBITUX in Study CA225-025 and two other clinical trials in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) or head and neck cancer, including Grades 3 and 4 in 6% to 17%.

    In EXTREME, where a cetuximab product was administered in combination with platinum-based therapy, the addition of cetuximab to cisplatin and fluorouracil resulted in an increased incidence of hypomagnesemia of any grade (14%) and of Grade 3 or 4 hypomagnesemia (7%). Hypomagnesemia of any grade occurred in 4% of patients who received cetuximab, carboplatin, and fluorouracil. No patient experienced Grade 3 or 4 hypomagnesemia [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    Hypomagnesemia and accompanying electrolyte abnormalities can occur days to months after initiating ERBITUX. Monitor patients weekly during treatment for hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, and hypokalemia, and for at least 8 weeks following the completion of ERBITUX. Replete electrolytes as necessary.

    5.7 Increased Tumor Progression, Increased Mortality, or Lack of Benefit in Patients with Ras-Mutant mCRC

    ERBITUX is not indicated for the treatment of patients with CRC that harbor somatic mutations in exon 2 (codons 12 and 13), exon 3 (codons 59 and 61), and exon 4 (codons 117 and 146) of either K-Ras or N-Ras and hereafter is referred to as “Ras” or when the Ras status is unknown.

    Retrospective subset analyses of Ras-mutant and wild-type populations across several randomized clinical trials, including CRYSTAL, were conducted to investigate the role of Ras mutations on the clinical effects of anti-EGFR-directed monoclonal antibodies. Use of cetuximab in patients with Ras mutations resulted in no clinical benefit with treatment related toxicity. Confirm Ras mutation status in tumor specimens prior to initiating ERBITUX [see Indications and Usage (1.2)].

    5.8 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    Based on animal data and its mechanism of action, ERBITUX can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data for ERBITUX exposure in pregnant women. In an animal reproduction study, intravenous administration of cetuximab once weekly to pregnant cynomolgus monkeys during the period of organogenesis resulted in an increased incidence of embryolethality and abortion. Disruption or depletion of EGFR in animal models results in impairment of embryo-fetal development including effects on placental, lung, cardiac, skin, and neural development. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with ERBITUX and for 2 months after the last dose of ERBITUX [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label:

    • Infusion reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
    • Cardiopulmonary arrest [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
    • Pulmonary toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].
    • Dermatologic toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
    • Hypomagnesemia and Electrolyte Abnormalities [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    The data described in Warnings and Precautions reflect exposure to ERBITUX in 1373 patients with SCCHN or CRC enrolled in clinical trials and treated at the recommended dosage for a median of 7 to 14 weeks [see Clinical Studies (14)].

    The most common adverse reactions in ERBITUX clinical trials (incidence ≥25%) include cutaneous adverse reactions (including rash, pruritus, and nail changes), headache, diarrhea, and infection.

    Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    In Combination with Radiation Therapy

    The safety of ERBITUX in combination with radiation therapy compared to radiation therapy alone was evaluated in BONNER. The data described below reflect exposure to ERBITUX in 420 patients with locally or regionally advanced SCCHN. ERBITUX was administered at the recommended dosage (400 mg/m2 initial dose, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly). Patients received a median of 8 infusions (range 1 to 11) [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    Table 2 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions in BONNER.

    Table 2: Selected Adverse Reactions in ≥10% of Patients with Locoregionally Advanced SCCHN (BONNER)a
    Adverse Reaction ERBITUX with Radiation
    (n=208)
    Radiation Therapy Alone
    (n=212)
    Grades
    1–4
    b
    Grades
    3 and 4
    Grades
    1–4
    Grades
    3 and 4

    a Adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% of patients in the ERBITUX combination arm and at a higher incidence (≥5%) compared to the radiation alone arm.

    b Adverse reactions were graded using the NCI CTC, version 2.0.

    c Includes cases also reported as infusion reaction.

    d Infusion reaction defined as any event described at any time during the clinical study as “allergic reaction” or “anaphylactoid reaction”, or any event occurring on the first day of dosing described as “allergic reaction”, “anaphylactoid reaction”, “fever”, “chills”, “chills and fever”, or “dyspnea”.

    e Based on laboratory measurements, not on reported adverse reactions, the number of subjects with tested samples varied from 205–206 for ERBITUX with Radiation arm; 209–210 for Radiation alone.

    f Acneiform rash defined as any event described as “acne”, “rash”, “maculopapular rash”, “pustular rash”, “dry skin”, or “exfoliative dermatitis”.

    General
         Asthenia 56 4 49 5
         Feverc 29 1 13 1
         Headache 19 <1 8 <1
         Chillsc 16 0 5 0
         Infusion Reactiond 15 3 2 0
         Infection 13 1 9 1
    Gastrointestinal
         Nausea 49 2 37 2
         Emesis 29 2 23 4
         Diarrhea 19 2 13 1
         Dyspepsia 14 0 9 1
    Metabolism and Nutrition
         Weight Loss 84 11 72 7
         Dehydration 25 6 19 8
         Increased Alanine Transaminasee 43 2 21 1
         Increased Aspartate Transaminasee 38 1 24 1
         Increased Alkaline Phosphatasee 33 <1 24 0
    Respiratory
         Pharyngitis 26 3 19 4
    Dermatologic
         Acneiform Rashf 87 17 10 1
         Radiation Dermatitis 86 23 90 18
         Application Site Reaction 18 0 12 1
         Pruritus 16 0 4 0

    The overall incidence of late radiation toxicities (any grade) was higher for patients receiving ERBITUX in combination with radiation therapy compared with radiation therapy alone. The following sites were affected: salivary glands (65% versus 56%), larynx (52% versus 36%), subcutaneous tissue (49% versus 45%), mucous membrane (48% versus 39%), esophagus (44% versus 35%), skin (42% versus 33%). The incidence of Grade 3 or 4 late radiation toxicities was similar between the radiation therapy alone and the ERBITUX with radiation treatment groups.

    In Combination with Platinum-based Therapy and Fluorouracil

    The safety of a cetuximab product in combination with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil or platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil alone was evaluated in EXTREME. The data described below reflect exposure to a cetuximab product in 434 patients with recurrent locoregional disease or metastatic SCCHN. Because ERBITUX provides approximately 22% higher exposure relative to the cetuximab product, the data provided below may underestimate the incidence and severity of adverse reactions anticipated with ERBITUX for this indication; however, the tolerability of the recommended dose is supported by safety data from additional studies of ERBITUX [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Cetuximab was administered intravenously at a dosage of 400 mg/m2 for the initial dose, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly. Patients received a median of 17 infusions (range 1 to 89) [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    Table 3 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions in EXTREME.

    Table 3: Selected Adverse Reactions in ≥10% of Patients with Recurrent Locoregional Disease or Metastatic SCCHN (EXTREME)a
    Adverse Reaction Cetuximab
    with Platinum-based Therapy and fluorouracil
    (n=219)
    Platinum-based Therapy
    and fluorouracil Alone
    (n=215)
    Grades
    1–4
    b
    Grades
    3 and 4
    Grades
    1–4
    Grades
    3 and 4

    a Adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% of patients in the cetuximab combination arm and at a higher incidence (≥5%) compared to the platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil alone arm.

    b Adverse reactions were graded using the NCI CTC, version 2.0.

    c Infusion reaction defined as “anaphylactic reaction”, “hypersensitivity”, “fever and/or chills”, “dyspnea”, or “pyrexia” on the first day of dosing.

    d Infection excludes sepsis-related events which are presented separately.

    e Acneiform rash defined as “acne”, “dermatitis acneiform”, “dry skin”, “exfoliative rash”, “rash”, “rash erythematous”, “rash macular”, “rash papular”, or “rash pustular”.

    Chemotherapy = cisplatin and fluorouracil or carboplatin and fluorouracil

    Eye
         Conjunctivitis 10 0 0 0
    Gastrointestinal
         Nausea 54 4 47 4
         Diarrhea 26 5 16 1
    General and Administration Site
         Pyrexia 22 0 13 1
         Infusion Reactionc 10 2 <1 0
    Infections
         Infectiond 44 11 27 8
    Metabolism and Nutrition
         Anorexia 25 5 14 1
         Hypocalcemia 12 4 5 1
         Hypokalemia 12 7 7 5
         Hypomagnesemia 11 5 5 1
    Dermatologic
         Acneiform Rashe 70 9 2 0
         Rash 28 5 2 0
         Acne 22 2 0 0
         Dermatitis Acneiform 15 2 0 0
         Dry Skin 14 0 <1 0
         Alopecia 12 0 7 0

    For cardiac disorders, approximately 9% of patients in both treatment arms in EXTREME experienced a cardiac event. The majority of these events occurred in patients who received cisplatin and fluorouracil with or without cetuximab. Cardiac disorders were observed in 11% and 12% of patients who received cisplatin and fluorouracil with or without cetuximab, respectively, and 6% and 4% in patients who received carboplatin and fluorouracil with or without cetuximab, respectively. In both arms, the incidence of cardiovascular events was higher in the cisplatin and fluorouracil containing subgroup. Death attributed to cardiovascular events or sudden death was reported in 3% of the patients in the cetuximab with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil arm and in 2% of the patients in the platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil alone arm.

    K-Ras Wild-type, EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC)

    In Combination with FOLFIRI

    The safety of a cetuximab product in combination with FOLFIRI or FOLFIRI alone was evaluated in CRYSTAL. The data described below reflect exposure to a cetuximab product in 667 patients with K-Ras wild-type, EGFR-expressing, mCRC. ERBITUX provides approximately 22% higher exposure compared to this product; however, the safety data from CRYSTAL is consistent in incidence and severity of adverse reactions with those seen for ERBITUX in this indication. Cetuximab was administered intravenously at a dosage of 400 mg/m2 initial dose, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly. Patients received a median of 24 infusions (range 1 to 224) [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    Table 4 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions in CRYSTAL.

    Table 4: Selected Adverse Reactions in ≥10% of Patients with K-Ras Wild-type and EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRYSTAL)a
    Adverse Reaction Cetuximab
    with FOLFIRI
    (n=317)
    FOLFIRI Alone
    (n=350)
    Grades
    1–4
    b
    Grades
    3 and 4
    Grades
    1–4
    Grades
    3 and 4

    a Adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% of patients in the cetuximab combination arm and at a higher incidence (≥5%) compared to the FOLFIRI alone arm.

    b Adverse reactions were graded using the NCI CTC, version 2.0.

    c Infusion reaction defined as any event meeting the medical concepts of allergy/anaphylaxis at any time during the clinical study or any event occurring on the first day of dosing and meeting the medical concepts of dyspnea and fever or by the following events: “acute myocardial infarction”, “angina pectoris”, “angioedema”, “autonomic seizure”, “blood pressure abnormal”, “blood pressure decreased”, “blood pressure increased”, “cardiac failure”, “cardiopulmonary failure”, “cardiovascular insufficiency”, “clonus”, “convulsion”, “coronary no-reflow phenomenon”, “epilepsy”, “hypertension”, “hypertensive crisis”, “hypertensive emergency”, “hypotension”, “infusion related reaction”, “loss of consciousness”, “myocardial infarction”, “myocardial ischemia”, “prinzmetal angina”, “shock”, “sudden death”, “syncope”, or “systolic hypertension”.

    d Acne-like rash defined by the following events: “acne”, “acne pustular”, “butterfly rash”, “dermatitis acneiform”, “drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms”, “dry skin”, “erythema”, “exfoliative rash”, “folliculitis”, “genital rash”, “mucocutaneous rash”, “pruritus”, “rash”, “rash erythematous”, “rash follicular”, “rash generalized”, “rash macular”, “rash maculopapular”, “rash maculovesicular”, “rash morbilliform”, “rash papular”, “rash papulosquamous”, “rash pruritic”, “rash pustular”, “rash rubelliform”, “rash scarlatiniform”, “rash vesicular”, “skin exfoliation”, “skin hyperpigmentation”, “skin plaque”, “telangiectasia”, or “xerosis”.

    Hematologic
         Neutropenia 49 31 42 24
    Eye
         Conjunctivitis 18 <1 3 0
    Gastrointestinal
         Diarrhea 66 16 60 10
         Stomatitis 31 3 19 1
         Dyspepsia 16 0 9 0
    General and Administration Site
         Pyrexia 26 1 14 1
         Weight Decreased 15 1 9 1
         Infusion Reactionc 14 2 <1 0
    Infections
         Paronychia 20 4 <1 0
    Metabolism and Nutrition
         Anorexia 30 3 23 2
    Dermatologic
         Acne-like Rashd 86 18 13 <1
           Rash 44 9 4 0
           Dermatitis Acneiform 26 5 <1 0
           Dry Skin 22 0 4 0
           Acne 14 2 0 0
           Pruritus 14 0 3 0
         Palmar-plantar Erythrodysesthesia Syndrome 19 4 4 <1
         Skin Fissures 19 2 1 0

    As Monotherapy

    The safety of ERBITUX with best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone was evaluated in Study CA225-025. The data described below reflect exposure to ERBITUX in 242 patients with K-Ras wild-type, EGFR-expressing, metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. ERBITUX was administered intravenously at the recommended dosage (400 mg/m2 initial dose, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly). Patients received a median of 17 infusions (range 1 to 51) [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    Table 5 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions in Study CA225-025.

    Table 5: Selected Adverse Reactions in ≥10% of Patients with K-Ras Wild-type, EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treated with ERBITUX Monotherapy (Study CA225-025)a
    Adverse Reaction ERBITUX with BSC
    (n=118)
    BSC alone
    (n=124)
    Grades
    1–4
    b
    Grades
    3 and 4
    Grades
    1–4
    Grades
    3 and 4

    a Adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% of patients in the ERBITUX with BSC arm and at a higher incidence (≥5%) compared to the BSC alone arm.

    b Adverse reactions were graded using the NCI CTC, version 2.0.

    c Infusion reaction defined as any event (chills, rigors, dyspnea, tachycardia, bronchospasm, chest tightness, swelling, urticaria, hypotension, flushing, rash, hypertension, nausea, angioedema, pain, sweating, tremors, shaking, drug fever, or other hypersensitivity reaction) recorded by the investigator as infusion-related.

    Dermatologic
         Rash/Desquamation 95 16 21 1
         Dry Skin 57 0 15 0
         Pruritus 47 2 11 0
         Other-Dermatology 35 0 7 2
         Nail Changes 31 0 4 0
    General
         Fatigue 91 31 79 29
         Fever 25 3 16 0
         Infusion Reactionsc 18 3 0 0
         Rigors, Chills 16 1 3 0
    Pain
         Pain-Other 59 18 37 10
         Headache 38 2 11 0
         Bone Pain 15 4 8 2
    Pulmonary
         Dyspnea 49 16 44 13
         Cough 30 2 19 2
    Gastrointestinal
         Nausea 64 6 50 6
         Constipation 53 3 38 3
         Diarrhea 42 2 23 2
         Vomiting 40 5 26 5
         Stomatitis 32 1 10 0
         Other 22 12 16 5
         Dehydration 13 5 3 0
         Mouth Dryness 12 0 6 0
         Taste Disturbance 10 0 5 0
    Infection
         Infection without neutropenia 38 11 19 5
    Musculoskeletal
         Arthralgia 14 3 6 0
    Neurological
         Neuropathy-sensory 45 1 38 2
         Insomnia 27 0 13 0
         Confusion 18 6 10 2
         Anxiety 14 1 5 1
         Depression 14 0 5 0

    In Combination with Irinotecan

    ERBITUX at the recommended dosage was administered in combination with irinotecan in 354 patients with EGFR-expressing recurrent mCRC in Study CP02-9923 and BOND.

    The most common adverse reactions were acneiform rash (88%), asthenia/malaise (73%), diarrhea (72%), and nausea (55%). The most common Grades 3–4 adverse reactions included diarrhea (22%), leukopenia (17%), asthenia/malaise (16%), and acneiform rash (14%).

    6.2 Immunogenicity

    As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to cetuximab in the studies below with the incidence of antibodies to cetuximab in other studies or to other products may be misleading.

    An ELISA methodology was used to characterize the incidence of anti-cetuximab antibodies. The incidence of anti-cetuximab binding antibodies in 105 patients (from studies I4E-MC-JXBA, I4E-MC-JXBB, and I4E-MC-JXBD) with at least one post-baseline blood sample (≥4 weeks post first ERBITUX administration) was <5%.

    6.3 Postmarketing Experience

    The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of ERBITUX. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

    • Neurologic: Aseptic meningitis
    • Gastrointestinal: Mucosal inflammation
    • Dermatologic: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, life-threatening and fatal bullous mucocutaneous disease
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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)], ERBITUX can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data for ERBITUX exposure in pregnant women. In an animal reproduction study, intravenous administration of cetuximab once weekly to pregnant cynomolgus monkeys during the period of organogenesis resulted in an increased incidence of embryolethality and abortion. Disruption or depletion of EGFR in animal models results in impairment of embryo-fetal development including effects on placental, lung, cardiac, skin, and neural development (see Data). Human IgG is known to cross the placental barrier; therefore, cetuximab may be transmitted from the mother to the developing fetus. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

    In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20% respectively.

    Data

    Animal Data

    Pregnant cynomolgus monkeys were administered cetuximab intravenously once weekly during the period of organogenesis (gestation day [GD] 20-48) at dose levels 0.4 to 4 times the recommended dose of ERBITUX based on body surface area (BSA). Cetuximab was detected in the amniotic fluid and in the serum of embryos from treated dams on GD 49. While no fetal malformations occurred in offspring, there was an increased incidence of embryolethality and abortions at doses approximately 1 to 4 times the recommended dose of ERBITUX based on BSA.

    In mice, EGFR is critically important in reproductive and developmental processes including blastocyst implantation, placental development, and embryo-fetal/postnatal survival and development. Reduction or elimination of embryo-fetal or maternal EGFR signaling can prevent implantation, can cause embryo-fetal loss during various stages of gestation (through effects on placental development), and can cause developmental anomalies and early death in surviving fetuses. Adverse developmental outcomes were observed in multiple organs in embryos/neonates of mice with disrupted EGFR signaling.

    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There is no information regarding the presence of ERBITUX in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Human IgG antibodies can be excreted in human milk. Due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from ERBITUX, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with ERBITUX and for 2 months after the last dose of ERBITUX.

    8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

    Pregnancy Testing

    Verify pregnancy status in females of reproductive potential prior to initiating ERBITUX [see Use in Specific Population (8.1)].

    Contraception

    Based on its mechanism of action, ERBITUX can cause harm to the fetus when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

    Females

    Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with ERBITUX and for 2 months after the last dose of ERBITUX.

    Infertility

    Females

    Based on animal studies, ERBITUX may impair fertility in females of reproductive potential [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of ERBITUX in pediatric patients have not been established. The pharmacokinetics of cetuximab, in combination with irinotecan, were evaluated in pediatric patients with refractory solid tumors in an open-label, single-arm, dose-finding study. ERBITUX was administered once-weekly, at doses up to 250 mg/m2, to 27 patients ranging from 1 to 12 years old; and in 19 patients ranging from 13 to 18 years old. No new safety signals were identified in pediatric patients. The pharmacokinetics of cetuximab between the two age groups were similar following a single dose of 75 mg/m2 and 150 mg/m2. The volume of the distribution appears to be independent of dose and approximates the vascular space of 2 L/m2 to 3 L/m2. Following a single dose of 250 mg/m2, the mean AUC0-inf (CV%) was 17.7 mg*h/mL (34%) in the younger age group (1–12 years, n=9) and 13.4 mg*h/mL (38%) in the adolescent group (13–18 years, n=6). The mean half-life of cetuximab was 110 hours (69 to 188 hours) in the younger group and 82 hours (55 to 117 hours) in the adolescent group.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Of the 1662 patients with advanced colorectal cancer who received ERBITUX with irinotecan, with FOLFIRI or as monotherapy in six studies (BOND, IMCL-CP02-9923, IMCL-CP02-0141, IMCL-CP02-0144, CA225-025 and CRYSTAL), 35% of patients were 65 years of age or older. No overall differences in safety or efficacy were observed between these patients and younger patients.

    Clinical studies of ERBITUX conducted in patients with head and neck cancer did not include sufficient number of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Cetuximab is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonist. It is a recombinant, human/mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to the extracellular domain of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Cetuximab is composed of the Fv regions of a murine anti-EGFR antibody with human IgG1 heavy and kappa light chain constant regions and has an approximate molecular weight of 152 kDa. Cetuximab is produced in mammalian (murine myeloma) cell culture.

    ERBITUX (cetuximab) injection for intravenous use, is a sterile, preservative-free, clear, colorless solution, which may contain a small amount of visible, white, amorphous cetuximab particulates in a single-dose vial. Each 1 mL of solution contains 2 mg of cetuximab, sodium chloride (8.48 mg), sodium phosphate dibasic heptahydrate (1.88 mg), sodium phosphate monobasic monohydrate (0.41 mg), and Water for Injection, USP at pH of 7.0 to 7.4.

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, HER1, c-ErbB-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is a member of a subfamily of type I receptor tyrosine kinases including EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4. The EGFR is constitutively expressed in many normal epithelial tissues, including the skin and hair follicle. Expression of EGFR is also detected in many human cancers including those of the head and neck, colon, and rectum.

    Cetuximab binds specifically to the EGFR on both normal and tumor cells, and competitively inhibits the binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and other ligands, such as transforming growth factor-alpha. In vitro assays and in vivo animal studies have shown that binding of cetuximab to the EGFR blocks phosphorylation and activation of receptor-associated kinases, resulting in inhibition of cell growth, induction of apoptosis, and decreased matrix metalloproteinase and vascular endothelial growth factor production. Signal transduction through the EGFR results in activation of wild-type Ras proteins, but in cells with activating Ras somatic mutations, the resulting mutant Ras proteins are continuously active regardless of EGFR regulation.

    In vitro, cetuximab can mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) against certain human tumor types. In vitro assays and in vivo animal studies have shown that cetuximab inhibits the growth and survival of tumor cells that express the EGFR. No anti-tumor effects of cetuximab were observed in human tumor xenografts lacking EGFR expression. The addition of cetuximab to radiation therapy or irinotecan in human tumor xenograft models in mice resulted in an increase in anti-tumor effects compared to radiation therapy or chemotherapy alone.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    ERBITUX administered as monotherapy or in combination with concomitant chemotherapy or radiation therapy exhibits nonlinear pharmacokinetics. The area under the concentration time curve (AUC) increased in a greater than dose proportional manner while clearance of cetuximab decreased from 0.08 L/h/m2 to 0.02 L/h/m2 as the dose increased from 20 mg/m2 to 200 mg/m2 and plateaued at doses >200 mg/m2.

    The systemic exposure of cetuximab after ERBITUX administration was 22% (90% CI: 6%, 38%) higher than that of another cetuximab product used in EXTREME and CRYSTAL.

    Distribution

    The volume of the distribution for cetuximab appeared to be independent of dose and approximated the vascular space of 2–3 L/m2.

    Elimination

    Following the recommended dosage (400 mg/m2 initial dose; 250 mg/m2 weekly dose), concentrations of cetuximab reached steady-state levels by the third weekly infusion with mean peak and trough concentrations across studies ranging from 168 μg/mL to 235 μg/mL and 41 μg/mL to 85 μg/mL, respectively. The mean half-life of cetuximab was approximately 112 hours (63 to 230 hours).

    Specific Population

    Age, sex, race, hepatic and renal function had no clinically significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of cetuximab. Clearance of cetuximab increased 1.8-fold as body surface area increased from 1.3 m2 to 2.3 m2, which is consistent with the recommended dosing of cetuximab on mg/m2 basis.

    Drug Interaction Studies

    No pharmacokinetic interaction was observed between cetuximab and irinotecan, cetuximab and cisplatin, and cetuximab and carboplatin.

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Long-term animal studies have not been performed to test cetuximab for carcinogenic potential, and no mutagenic or clastogenic potential of cetuximab was observed in the Salmonella-Escherichia coli (Ames) assay or in the in vivo rat micronucleus test. Menstrual cyclicity was impaired in female cynomolgus monkeys receiving weekly doses of 0.4 to 4 times the recommended dose of ERBITUX (based on total body surface area). Cetuximab-treated animals exhibited increased incidences of irregular or absent cycles, as compared to control animals. These effects were initially noted beginning on week 25 and continued through the 6-week recovery period. No effects of cetuximab were observed on measured male fertility parameters (i.e., serum testosterone levels and analysis of sperm counts, viability, and motility) as compared to control male monkeys.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

    In Combination with Radiation Therapy

    BONNER (NCT00004227) was a randomized, multicenter, controlled trial of 424 patients with locally or regionally advanced SCCHN. Patients with Stage III/IV SCCHN of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx with no prior therapy were randomized (1:1) to receive either ERBITUX in combination with radiation therapy or radiation therapy alone. Stratification factors were Karnofsky performance status (60–80 versus 90–100), nodal stage (N0 versus N+), tumor stage (T1–3 versus T4 using American Joint Committee on Cancer 1998 staging criteria), and radiation therapy fractionation (concomitant boost versus once-daily versus twice-daily). Radiation therapy was administered for 6–7 weeks as once-daily, twice-daily, or concomitant boost. ERBITUX was administered intravenously as a 400 mg/m2 initial dose beginning one week prior to initiation of radiation therapy, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly administered 1 hour prior to radiation therapy for the duration of radiation therapy (6–7 weeks). The main efficacy outcome measure was duration of locoregional control. Another outcome measure was overall survival (OS).

    Of the 424 randomized patients, the median age was 57 years, 80% were male, 83% were White, and 90% had baseline Karnofsky performance status ≥80. There were 258 patients enrolled in U.S. sites (61%). Sixty percent of patients had oropharyngeal, 25% laryngeal, and 15% hypopharyngeal primary tumors; 28% had AJCC T4 tumor stage. Fifty-six percent of the patients received radiation therapy with concomitant boost, 26% received once-daily regimen, and 18% twice-daily regimen.

    Efficacy results are presented in Table 6.

    Table 6: Efficacy Results in Locoregionally Advanced SCCHN in BONNER
    ERBITUX plus Radiation
    (n=211)
    Radiation Alone
    (n=213)
    Hazard Ratio
    (95% CI
    a)
    Stratified Log-rank
    p-value

    a CI = confidence interval.

    Locoregional Control
         Median duration (months) 24.4 14.9 0.68 (0.52–0.89) 0.005
    Overall Survival
         Median duration (months) 49.0 29.3 0.74 (0.57–0.97) 0.03

    In Combination with Platinum-based Therapy with Fluorouracil

    EXTREME (NCT00122460) was an open-label, randomized, multicenter, controlled trial of 442 patients with recurrent locoregional disease or metastatic SCCHN. Patients with no prior therapy for recurrent locoregional disease or metastatic SCCHN were randomized (1:1) to receive a cetuximab product in combination with platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil or platinum-based therapy and fluorouracil alone. Choice of cisplatin or carboplatin was at the discretion of the investigator. Stratification factors were Karnofsky performance status (<80 versus ≥80) and previous chemotherapy. Cisplatin (100 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1) or carboplatin (AUC 5 mg/mL*min intravenously on Day 1) and fluorouracil (1000 mg/m2/day intravenously on Days 1–4) were administered every 3 weeks (1 cycle) for a maximum of 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cetuximab was administered intravenously at a 400 mg/m2 initial dose, followed by a 250 mg/m2 weekly dose. In the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity after completion of 6 planned courses of platinum-based therapy, weekly cetuximab as monotherapy could be continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If chemotherapy was delayed because of adverse reactions, weekly cetuximab was continued. If chemotherapy was discontinued for adverse reactions, weekly cetuximab as monotherapy could be continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The main efficacy outcome measure was OS. Other outcome measures were PFS and objective response rate (ORR).

    Of the 442 randomized patients, the median age was 57 years, 90% were male, 98% were White, and 88% had baseline Karnofsky performance status ≥80. Thirty-four percent of patients had oropharyngeal, 25% laryngeal, 20% oral cavity, and 14% hypopharyngeal primary tumors. Fifty-three percent of patients had recurrent locoregional disease only and 47% had metastatic disease. Fifty-eight percent had AJCC Stage IV disease and 21% had Stage III disease. Sixty-four percent of patients received cisplatin therapy and 34% received carboplatin as initial therapy. Approximately fifteen percent of the patients in the cisplatin alone arm switched to carboplatin during the treatment period.

    Efficacy results are presented in Table 7 and Figure 1.

    Table 7: Efficacy Results in Recurrent Locoregional Disease or Metastatic SCCHN in EXTREME
    Cetuximab with Platinum-based Therapy and Fluorouracil
    (n=222)
    Platinum-based Therapy and Fluorouracil
    (n=220)

    a CI = confidence interval.

    b CMH = Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel.

    Overall Survival
         Median Duration (months) 10.1 7.4
         Hazard Ratio (95% CIa) 0.80 (0.64, 0.98)
         Stratified Log-rank p-value 0.034
    Progression-free Survival
         Median Duration (months) 5.5 3.3
         Hazard Ratio (95% CIa) 0.57 (0.46, 0.72)
         Stratified Log-rank p-value <0.0001
    Objective Response Rate 35.6% 19.5%
         Odds Ratio(95% CIa) 2.33 (1.50, 3.60)
         CMHb Test p-value 0.0001

    Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Patients with Recurrent Locoregional Disease or Metastatic SCCHN in EXTREME

    Figure 1

    CT = Platinum-based therapy with fluorouracil

    CET = another cetuximab product

    In exploratory subgroup analyses by initial platinum therapy (cisplatin or carboplatin), for patients (N=284) receiving cetuximab in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil compared to cisplatin and fluorouracil alone, the difference in median OS was 3.3 months (10.6 versus 7.3 months; HR 0.71; 95% CI 0.54, 0.93). The difference in median PFS was 2.1 months (5.6 versus 3.5 months; HR 0.55; 95% CI 0.41, 0.73). The ORR was 39% and 23%, respectively (OR 2.18; 95% CI 1.29, 3.69).

    For patients (N=149) receiving cetuximab in combination with carboplatin and fluorouracil compared to carboplatin and fluorouracil alone, the difference in median OS was 1.4 months (9.7 versus 8.3 months; HR 0.99; 95% CI 0.69, 1.43). The difference in median PFS was 1.7 months (4.8 versus 3.1 months, respectively; HR 0.61; 95% CI 0.42, 0.89). The ORR was 30% and 15%, respectively (OR 2.45; 95% CI 1.10, 5.46).

    As Monotherapy

    EMR 62202-016 was a single-arm, multicenter clinical trial in 103 patients with recurrent or metastatic SCCHN. All patients had documented disease progression within 30 days of a platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients were administered intravenously a 20-mg test dose of ERBITUX on Day 1, followed by a 400 mg/m2 initial dose, and 250 mg/m2 weekly until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

    The median age was 57 years, 82% were male, 100% White, and 62% had a Karnofsky performance status of ≥80.

    The ORR was 13% (95% CI 7%, 21%). Median duration of response (DoR) was 5.8 months (range 1.2 to 5.8 months).

    14.2 K-Ras Wild-type, EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

    In Combination with FOLFIRI

    CRYSTAL (NCT00154102) was a randomized, open-label, multicenter, study of 1217 patients with EGFR-expressing, mCRC. Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive either a cetuximab product in combination with FOLFIRI or FOLFIRI alone as first-line treatment. Stratification factors were Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (0 and 1 versus 2) and region (Western Europe versus Eastern Europe versus other).

    FOLFIRI regimen included 14-day cycles of irinotecan (180 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1), folinic acid (400 mg/m2 [racemic] or 200 mg/m2 [L-form] intravenously on Day 1), and fluorouracil (400 mg/m2 bolus on Day 1 followed by 2400 mg/m2 as a 46-hour continuous infusion). Cetuximab was administered intravenously as a 400 mg/m2 initial dose , followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly administered 1 hour prior to chemotherapy. Study treatment continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The main efficacy outcome measure was PFS assessed by an independent review committee (IRC). Other outcome measures were OS and ORR.

    Of the 1217 randomized patients, the median age was 61 years, 60% were male, 86% were White, and 96% had a baseline ECOG performance status 0–1, 60% had primary tumor localized in colon, 84% had 1–2 metastatic sites and 20% had received prior adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Demographics and baseline characteristics were similar between study arms.

    K-Ras mutation status was available for 89% of the patients: 63% had K-Ras wild-type tumors and 37% had K-Ras mutant tumors where testing assessed for the following somatic mutations in codons 12 and 13 (exon 2): G12A, G12D, G12R, G12C, G12S, G12V, G13D. Baseline characteristics and demographics in the K-Ras wild-type subset were similar to that seen in the overall population.

    A statistically significant improvement in PFS was observed for the cetuximab with FOLFIRI arm compared with the FOLFIRI arm (median PFS 8.9 vs. 8.1 months, HR 0.85 [95% CI 0.74, 0.99], p-value=0.036). OS was not significantly different at the planned, final analysis based on 838 events (HR=0.93, 95% CI [0.8, 1.1], p-value 0.327).

    Results of the planned PFS and ORR analysis in all randomized patients and post-hoc PFS and ORR analysis in subgroups of patients defined by K-Ras mutation status, and post-hoc analysis of updated OS based on additional follow-up (1000 events) in all randomized patients and in subgroups of patients defined by K-Ras mutation status are presented in Table 8 and Figure 2. The treatment effect in the all-randomized population for PFS was driven by treatment effects limited to patients who have K-Ras wild-type tumors. There is no evidence of effectiveness in the subgroup of patients with K-Ras mutant tumors.

    Table 8: Efficacy Results in First-line EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in CRYSTAL (All Randomized and K-Ras Status)
    All Randomized K-Ras Wild-type K-Ras Mutant
    Cetuximab with FOLFIRI
    (n=608)
    FOLFIRI
    (n=609)
    Cetuximab with FOLFIRI
    (n=320)
    FOLFIRI
    (n=356)
    Cetuximab with FOLFIRI (n=216) FOLFIRI
    (n=187)

    a Based on the Stratified Log-rank test.

    b Post-hoc updated OS analysis, results based on an additional 162 events.

    Progression-Free Survival
         Number of Events (%) 343 (56) 371 (61) 165 (52) 214 (60) 138 (64) 112 (60)
         Median (months) (95% CI) 8.9
    (8.0, 9.4)
    8.1
    (7.6, 8.8)
    9.5
    (8.9, 11.1)
    8.1
    (7.4, 9.2)
    7.5
    (6.7, 8.7)
    8.2
    (7.4, 9.2)
         HR (95% CI) 0.85 (0.74, 0.99) 0.70 (0.57, 0.86) 1.13 (0.88, 1.46)
         p-valuea 0.0358
    Overall Survivalb
         Number of Events (%) 491 (81) 509 (84) 244 (76) 292 (82) 189 (88) 159 (85)
         Median (months)
          (95% CI)
    19.6
    (18, 21)
    18.5
    (17, 20)
    23.5
    (21, 26)
    19.5
    (17, 21)
    16.0
    (15, 18)
    16.7
    (15, 19)
         HR (95% CI) 0.88 (0.78, 1.0) 0.80 (0.67, 0.94) 1.04 (0.84, 1.29)
    Objective Response Rate
         ORR (95% CI) 46%
    (42, 50)
    38%
    (34, 42)
    57%
    (51, 62)
    39%
    (34, 44)
    31%
    (25, 38)
    35%
    (28, 43)

    Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in the K-Ras Wild-type Population in CRYSTAL

    Figure 2

    As Monotherapy

    Study CA225-025 (NCT00079066) was a multicenter, open-label, randomized, clinical trial conducted in 572 patients with EGFR-expressing, previously treated, recurrent mCRC. Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive either ERBITUX with best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone. ERBITUX was administered intravenously as a 400 mg/m2 initial dose, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The main efficacy outcome measure was OS.

    Of the 572 randomized patients, the median age was 63 years, 64% were male, 89% were White, and 77% had baseline ECOG performance status of 0–1. Demographics and baseline characteristics were similar between study arms. All patients were to have received and progressed on prior therapy including an irinotecan-containing regimen and an oxaliplatin-containing regimen.

    K-Ras status was available for 79% of the patients: 54% had K-Ras wild-type tumors and 46% had K-Ras mutant tumors where testing assessed for the following somatic mutations in codons 12 and 13 (exon 2): G12A, G12D, G12R, G12C, G12S, G12V, G13D.

    Efficacy results are presented in Table 9 and Figure 3.

    Table 9: Overall Survival in Previously Treated EGFR-expressing, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Study CA225-025 (All Randomized and K-Ras Status)

    a Based on the Stratified Log-rank test.

    All Randomized K-Ras Wild-type K-Ras Mutant
    ERBITUX with BSC
    (N=287)
    BSC
    (N=285)
    ERBITUX with BSC
    (N=117)
    BSC
    (N=128)
    ERBITUX with BSC
    (N=108)
    BSC
    (N=100)
    Median (months)
    (95% CI)
    6.1
    (5.4, 6.7)
    4.6
    (4.2, 4.9)
    8.6
    (7.0, 10.3)
    5.0
    (4.3, 5.7)
    4.8
    (3.9, 5.6)
    4.6
    (3.6, 4.9)
    HR
    (95% CI)
    0.77
    (0.64, 0.92)
    0.63
    (0.47, 0.84)
    0.91
    (0.67, 1.24)
    p-valuea 0.0046

    Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Patients with K-Ras Wild-type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Study CA225-025

    Figure 3

    In Combination with Irinotecan

    BOND was a multicenter, clinical trial conducted in 329 patients with EGFR-expressing recurrent mCRC. Tumor specimens were not available for testing for K-Ras mutation status. Patients were randomized (2:1) to receive either ERBITUX in combination with irinotecan (218 patients) or ERBITUX monotherapy (111 patients). ERBITUX was administered intravenously as a 400 mg/m2 initial dose, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In the ERBITUX with irinotecan arm, irinotecan was added to ERBITUX using the same dosage for irinotecan as the patient had previously failed. Acceptable irinotecan schedules were 350 mg/m2 every 3 weeks, 180 mg/m2 every 2 weeks, or 125 mg/m2 weekly times four doses every 6 weeks. The efficacy of ERBITUX with irinotecan or ERBITUX monotherapy, based on durable objective responses, was evaluated in all randomized patients and in two pre-specified subpopulations: irinotecan refractory and irinotecan and oxaliplatin failures.

    Of the 329 patients, the median age was 59 years, 63% were male, 98% were White, and 88% had baseline Karnofsky performance status ≥80. Approximately two-thirds had previously failed oxaliplatin treatment.

    In patients receiving ERBITUX with irinotecan, the ORR was 23% (95% CI 18%, 29%), median DoR was 5.7 months, and median time to progression was 4.1 months. In patients receiving ERBITUX monotherapy, the ORR was 11% (95% CI 6%, 18%), median DoR was 4.2 months, and median time to progression was 1.5 months. Similar response rates were observed in the pre-defined subsets in both the combination arm and monotherapy arm.

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  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    How Supplied

    ERBITUX® (cetuximab) injection is a sterile, preservative-free, clear, colorless solution in a 2 mg/mL single-dose vial supplied as follows:

    • 100 mg/50 mL individually packaged in a carton (NDC 66733-948-23)
    • 200 mg/100 mL individually packaged in a carton (NDC 66733-958-23)

    Storage and Handling

    • Store vials under refrigeration at 2° C to 8° C (36° F to 46° F).
    • Do not freeze or shake.
    • Increased particulate formation may occur at temperatures at or below 0° C (32° F).
    • Discard any remaining solution in the infusion container after 8 hours at controlled room temperature or after 12 hours at 2° C to 8° C.
    • Discard any unused portion of the vial.
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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Infusion Reactions

    Advise patients that the risk of serious infusion reactions may be increased in patients who have had a tick bite or red meat allergy. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider and to report signs and symptoms of infusion reactions, including late onset infusion reactions, such as fever, chills, or breathing problems [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    Cardiopulmonary Arrest

    Advise patients of the risk of cardiopulmonary arrest or sudden death and to report any history of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or arrhythmias [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    Pulmonary Toxicity

    Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for new or worsening cough, chest pain, or shortness of breath [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    Dermatologic Toxicities

    Advise patients to limit sun exposure during ERBITUX treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of ERBITUX. Advise patients to notify their healthcare provider of any sign of acne-like rash, (which can include itchy, dry, scaly, or cracking skin and inflammation, infection or swelling at the base of the nails or loss of the nails), conjunctivitis, blepharitis, or decreased vision [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    Advise female patients of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus and to use effective contraception during ERBITUX treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of ERBITUX. Advise patients to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8), Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

    Lactation

    Advise patients not to breastfeed during ERBITUX treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of ERBITUX [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

    ERBITUX® is a registered trademark of ImClone LLC a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company.

    Manufactured by ImClone LLC a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company, Branchburg, NJ 08876 USA

    Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA
    US License No. 1827

    Copyright © 2004, 2018, ImClone LLC a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.

    ERB-0004-USPI-20180605

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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PACKAGE LABEL- Erbitux 50 mL (2mg/mL) Vial Carton

    NDC 66733-948-23

    ERBITUX®

    CETUXIMAB

    Injection

    For intravenous infusion

    Rx only

    100 mg/50 mL

    (2 mg/mL)

    DO NOT DILUTE

    Lilly

    erbitux-100mg-car
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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PACKAGE LABEL- Erbitux 100 mL (2mg/mL) Vial Carton

    NDC 66733-958-23

    ERBITUX®

    CETUXIMAB

    Injection

    For intravenous infusion

    Rx only

    200 mg/100 mL

    (2 mg/mL)

    DO NOT DILUTE

    Lilly

    erbitux-200mg-car
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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    ERBITUX 
    cetuximab solution
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:66733-948
    Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    cetuximab (UNII: PQX0D8J21J) (cetuximab - UNII:PQX0D8J21J) cetuximab 2 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) 8.48 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC, HEPTAHYDRATE (UNII: 70WT22SF4B) 1.88 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC, MONOHYDRATE (UNII: 593YOG76RN) 0.41 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:66733-948-23 1 in 1 CARTON 02/12/2004
    1 50 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    BLA BLA125084 02/12/2004
    ERBITUX 
    cetuximab solution
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:66733-958
    Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    cetuximab (UNII: PQX0D8J21J) (cetuximab - UNII:PQX0D8J21J) cetuximab 2 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) 8.48 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC, HEPTAHYDRATE (UNII: 70WT22SF4B) 1.88 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC, MONOHYDRATE (UNII: 593YOG76RN) 0.41 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:66733-958-23 1 in 1 CARTON 10/02/2007
    1 100 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    BLA BLA125084 10/02/2007
    Labeler - ImClone LLC (832474493)
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