Label: SODIUM CHLORIDE injection, solution

  • NDC Code(s): 0264-1800-31, 0264-1800-32, 0264-1800-36
  • Packager: B. Braun Medical Inc.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated February 13, 2018

If you are a consumer or patient please visit this version.

  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Partial Fill

  • DESCRIPTION

    Each mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP contains:

    Sodium Chloride USP 9 mg; Water for Injection USP qs
    pH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid NF
    pH: 5.5 (4.5–7.0)
    Calculated Osmolarity: 310 mOsmol/liter
    Concentration of Electrolytes (mEq/100 mL): Sodium 15.4 Chloride 15.4

    This solution is sterile, nonpyrogenic, isotonic and contains no bacteriostatic or antimicrobial agents.

    The formula of the active ingredient is:

    IngredientMolecular FormulaMolecular Weight
     Sodium Chloride USP NaCl 58.44

    Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or DEHP.

    The plastic container is a copolymer of ethylene and propylene formulated and developed for parenteral drugs. The copolymer contains no plasticizers and exhibits virtually no leachability. The safety of the plastic container has been confirmed by biological evaluation procedures. The material passes Class VI testing as specified in the U.S. Pharmacopeia for Biological Tests — Plastic Containers. These tests have shown that the container is nontoxic and biologically inert.

    The container/solution unit is a closed system and is not dependent upon entry of external air during administration. The container has two ports, one is for the intravenous administration set and the other is a medication addition site. Each is covered by a tamperproof barrier. Refer to the Directions for Use  of the container to properly identify the ports.

    No vapor barrier is necessary.

  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP provides electrolytes and is a source of water for hydration. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

    Sodium, the major cation of the extracellular fluid, functions primarily in the control of water distribution, fluid balance, and osmotic pressure of body fluids. Sodium is also associated with chloride and bicarbonate in the regulation of the acid-base equilibrium of body fluid.

    Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    This intravenous solution is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration.

    This product is designed for use as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives. Consult prescribing information for INDICATIONS AND USAGE of drug additives to be administered in this manner.

  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    This solution is contraindicated where the administration of sodium or chloride could be clinically detrimental.

  • WARNINGS

    Solutions containing sodium ions should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there is sodium retention with edema. In patients with diminished renal function, administration of solutions containing sodium ions may result in sodium retention.

  • PRECAUTIONS

    General

    Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid-base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation. Significant deviations from normal concentrations may require tailoring of the electrolyte pattern, in this or an alternative solution(s).

    Sodium-containing solutions should be administered with caution to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin, or to other salt-retaining patients. Care should be exercised in administering solutions containing sodium to patients with renal or cardiovascular insufficiency, with or without congestive heart failure, particularly if they are postoperative or elderly. See PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.

    To minimize the risk of possible incompatibilities arising from mixing this solution with other additives that may be prescribed, the final infusate should be inspected for cloudiness or precipitation immediately after mixing, prior to administration, and periodically during administration.

    Laboratory Tests

    Periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid-base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

    Drug Interactions

    Sodium-containing solutions should be administered with caution to patients receiving cortiscosteroids or corticotrophin.

    Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

    Studies have not been conducted to evaluate additional drug/drug or drug/food interactions with Sodium Chloride Injection USP.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Studies with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential or effects on fertility.

    Pregnancy

    Teratogenic Effects

    Pregnancy Category C

    Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP. It is also not known whether 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

    Labor and Delivery

    Studies have not been conducted to evaluate the effects of Sodium Chloride Injection USP on labor and delivery. As reported in the literature, sodium chloride solutions have been administered during labor and delivery. Caution should be exercised, and the fluid balance, glucose and electrolyte concentrations and acid-base balance, of both mother and fetus should be evaluated periodically or whenever warranted by the condition of the patient or fetus.

    Nursing Mothers

    Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP is administered to a nursing woman.

    Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness of sodium chloride injections in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of Sodium Chloride solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. All Warnings, Precautions and Adverse Reactions described in this label apply to pediatric patients.

    Geriatric Use

    An evaluation of current literature revealed no clinical experience identifying differences in response between elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

    This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation, and hypervolemia.

    The physician should also be alert to the possibility of adverse reactions to drug additives diluted and administered from the plastic partial fill container. Prescribing information for drug additives to be administered in this manner should be consulted.

    Symptoms may result from an excess or deficit of one or more of the ions present in the solution; therefore, frequent monitoring of electrolyte levels is essential.

    Hypernatremia may be associated with edema and exacerbation of congestive heart failure due to the retention of water, resulting in an expanded extracellular fluid volume.

    If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

  • OVERDOSAGE

    In the event of a fluid or solute overload during parenteral therapy, reevaluate the patient's condition, and institute appropriate corrective treatment.

  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    This solution is for intravenous use only.

    Do not use plastic container in series connection.

    If administration is controlled by a pumping device, care must be taken to discontinue pumping action before the container runs dry or air embolism may result.

    This solution is intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment. It is recommended that intravenous administration apparatus be replaced at least once every 24 hours.

    Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.

    As directed by a physician. Dosage is dependent upon the age, weight, and clinical condition of the patient as well as laboratory determinations.

    There is no specific pediatric dose. The dose is dependent on weight, clinical condition, and laboratory results. Follow recommendations of appropriate pediatric reference text. See PRECAUTIONS, Pediatric Use.

    When using this product as a diluent or vehicle for administration of drug additives, consult the prescribing information of the drug to be used.

    Addition of medication should be accomplished using aseptic technique in order to assure sterility.

    Physicochemical studies have shown that the container and solution can withstand freezing.

    Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

    Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

  • HOW SUPPLIED

    0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP is supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in partial fill polyolefin containers. The 100/150 mL product is packaged 64 per case. The 50/100 mL product is packaged 84 per case. The 25/100 mL product is packaged 116 per case.

    NDCREFFill/Container (mL)
     0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP
     0264-1800-36 S8004-5410 25/100
     0264-1800-31 S8004-5384 50/100
     0264-1800-32 S8004-5264 100/150

    Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended that the product be stored at room temperature (25°C); however, brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product.

  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Rx only

    Revised: October 2016

    PAB is a registered trademark of B. Braun Medical Inc.

  • Directions For Use of PAB® Container

    Partial Additive Bag

    Aseptic technique is required.

    Caution: Before use, perform the following checks: Read the label. Ensure solution is the one ordered and is within the expiration date.

    Inspect the solution in good light for cloudiness, haze or particulate matter; check the container for leakage or damage. Any container which is suspect should not be used.

    Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact. Single dose container. Discard unused portion. Consult Package Insert for complete product information.

    The physician should also be alert to the possibility of adverse reactions to drug additives diluted and administered from the plastic partial fill container. Prescribing information for drug additives to be administered in this manner should be consulted.

    Do not use plastic container in series connection.

    This solution is intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment. It is recommended that intravenous administration apparatus be replaced at least once every 24 hours.

    Physicochemical studies have shown that the container and solution can withstand freezing.


    1. Identify Two Ports (See Figure A).

    Figure A

    2. To Add Medication
    Remove additive port closure: hold container below additive port and grasp cap between thumb and forefinger then flip cap upward (See Figure B). Swab exposed additive port. Using a syringe with 18 gauge or smaller needle, insert cannula through resealable additive port and add desired drug. Mix thoroughly.
    Note: Partial fill bags have been designed to accept an overfill of up to 50 mL.

    Figure B

    3. To Attach Administration Set
    To aseptically remove the set port closure: hold container below the set port and grasp the foil tab between the thumb and forefinger then pull the tab in two steps as shown in Figure C Steps 1 and 2.

    Figure C

    4. Push spike through the diaphragm of the port (See Figure D). Hang container using hole on the lower flap. Prime set in accordance with the Directions for Use provided with the set in use.

    Figure D

    When the container is to be used as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives, consult prescribing information for INDICATIONS AND USAGE of drug additives to be administered in this manner.

    Warning: Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

    PAB® containers can be safely transported in a standard 6-inch carrier through a pneumatic tube system that is well maintained and running properly.

  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    B. Braun Medical Inc.
    Bethlehem, PA 18018-3524 USA
    1-800-227-2862

    Y36-002-925   LD-224-5

  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 25 mL Container Label

    LOT
    EXP

    0.9% Sodium Chloride
    Injection USP

    NDC 0264-1800-36
    REF S8004-5410

    25 mL Partial Fill
    in 100 mL PAB® Container

    Each mL contains: Sodium Chloride USP 9 mg; Water for Injection USP qs

    pH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid NF
    pH: 5.5 (4.5-7.0)                     Calc. Osmolarity: 310 mOsmol/liter
    Electrolytes (mEq/25 mL):       Sodium 3.8    Chloride 3.8

    Sterile, nonpyrogenic. Single dose container. For intravenous use only.
    Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.

    WARNING: Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with
    pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques.
    Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

    Recommended Storage: Room temperature (25°C).
    Avoid excessive heat. See Package Insert.

    Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or DEHP.

    Rx only

    PAB is a registered trademark of B. Braun Medical Inc.

    B. Braun Medical Inc.
    Bethlehem, PA 18018-3524 USA
    1-800-227-2862

    Y94-003-353
    LD-227-2

    25 mL Container Label
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 50 mL Container Label

    LOT
    EXP

    0.9% Sodium Chloride
    Injection USP

    NDC 0264-1800-31
    REF S8004-5384

    50 mL Partial Fill
    in 100 mL PAB® Container

    Each mL contains: Sodium Chloride USP 9 mg; Water for Injection USP qs

    pH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid NF
    pH: 5.5 (4.5-7.0)                  Calc. Osmolarity: 310 mOsmol/liter
    Electrolytes (mEq/50 mL):    Sodium 7.7    Chloride 7.7

    Sterile, nonpyrogenic. Single dose container. For intravenous use only.
    Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.

    WARNING: Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with
    pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques.
    Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

    Recommended Storage: Room temperature (25°C).
    Avoid excessive heat. See Package Insert.

    Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or DEHP.

    Rx only

    PAB is a registered trademark of B. Braun Medical Inc.

    B. Braun Medical Inc.
    Bethlehem, PA 18018-3524 USA
    1-800-227-2862

    Y94-003-339
    LD-226-A-2

    50 mL Container Label
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 mL Container Label

    LOT
    EXP

    0.9% Sodium Chloride
    Injection USP

     NDC 0264-1800-32
    REF S8004-5264

    100 mL Partial Fill
    in 150 mL
    PAB® Container

    Each mL contains:
    Sodium Chloride USP 9 mg
    Water for Injection USP qs

    pH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid NF
    pH: 5.5 (4.5-7.0)
    Calc. Osmolarity: 310 mOsmol/liter

    Electrolytes (mEq/100 mL): Sodium 15.4; Chloride 15.4

    Sterile, nonpyrogenic. Single dose container.
    For intravenous use only. Use only if solution is clear
    and container and seals are intact.

    WARNING: Some additives may be incompatible.
    Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives,
    use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

    Recommended Storage: Room temperature (25°C).
    Avoid excessive heat. See Package Insert.

    Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or DEHP.

    Rx only

    PAB is a registered trademark of B. Braun Medical Inc.

    B. Braun Medical Inc.
    Bethlehem, PA 18018-3524 USA
    1-800-227-2862

    Y94-003-337   
    LD-225-A-2

    100 mL Container Label
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    SODIUM CHLORIDE 
    sodium chloride injection, solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:0264-1800
    Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) (SODIUM CATION - UNII:LYR4M0NH37, CHLORIDE ION - UNII:Q32ZN48698) SODIUM CHLORIDE9 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:0264-1800-36116 in 1 CASE02/08/1978
    125 mL in 1 CONTAINER; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    2NDC:0264-1800-3184 in 1 CASE02/08/1978
    250 mL in 1 CONTAINER; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    3NDC:0264-1800-3264 in 1 CASE02/08/1978
    3100 mL in 1 CONTAINER; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    NDANDA01746402/08/1978
    Labeler - B. Braun Medical Inc. (002397347)