Label: CEFAZOLIN- cefazolin injection, powder, for solution

  • NDC Code(s): 44567-706-25, 44567-707-25
  • Packager: WG Critical Care, LLC
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated August 11, 2016

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Rx Only

    To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefazolin for Injection, USP and other antibacterial drugs, Cefazolin for Injection, USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.

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  • DESCRIPTION

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP is a semi-synthetic cephalosporin for parenteral administration. It is the sodium salt of 3-{[(5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)thio]-methyl}-8-oxo-7-[2-(1H-tetrazol-1-yl) acetamido]-5-thia-1-azabicyclo [4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid.

    Structural Formula:

    Cefazolin structural formula

    C14H13N8NaO4S3 M.W. 476.5

    The pH of the reconstituted solution is between 4 and 6.

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP is a sterile white to cream powder supplied in vials. Each vial contains, cefazolin sodium equivalent to 500 mg or 1 gram of cefazolin.

    The sodium content is approximately 24 mg (1 mEq)/500 mg of cefazolin sodium or approximately 48 mg (2.1 mEq)/1 gram of cefazolin sodium.

    The color of Cefazolin for Injection, USP solutions may range from pale yellow to yellow without a change in potency.

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP is to be administered by intramuscular or intravenous routes.

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  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    After intramuscular administration of Cefazolin for Injection to normal volunteers, the mean serum concentrations were 37 mcg/mL at 1 hour and 3 mcg/mL at 8 hours following a 500‑mg dose, and 64 mcg/mL at 1 hour and 7 mcg/mL at 8 hours following a 1‑gram dose.

    Studies have shown that following intravenous administration of Cefazolin for Injection to normal volunteers, mean serum concentrations peaked at approximately 185 mcg/mL and were approximately 4 mcg/mL at 8 hours for a 1‑gram dose.

    The serum half‑life for Cefazolin for Injection is approximately 1.8 hours following I.V. administration and approximately 2 hours following I.M. administration.

    In a study (using normal volunteers) of constant intravenous infusion with dosages of 3.5 mg/kg for 1 hour (approximately 250 mg) and 1.5 mg/kg the next 2 hours (approximately 100 mg), Cefazolin for Injection produced a steady serum level at the third hour of approximately 28 mcg/mL.

    Studies in patients hospitalized with infections indicate that Cefazolin for Injection produces mean peak serum levels approximately equivalent to those seen in normal volunteers.

    Bile levels in patients without obstructive biliary disease can reach or exceed serum levels by up to 5 times; however, in patients with obstructive biliary disease, bile levels of Cefazolin for Injection are considerably lower than serum levels (less than 1 mcg/mL).

    In synovial fluid, the level of Cefazolin for Injection becomes comparable to that reached in serum at about 4 hours after drug administration.

    Studies of cord blood show prompt transfer of Cefazolin for Injection across the placenta. Cefazolin for Injection is present in very low concentrations in the milk of nursing mothers.

    Cefazolin for Injection is excreted unchanged in the urine. In the first 6 hours approximately 60% of the drug is excreted in the urine and this increases to 70% to 80% within 24 hours. Cefazolin for Injection achieves peak urine concentrations of approximately 2,400 mcg/mL and 4,000 mcg/mL respectively following 500‑mg and 1‑gram intramuscular doses.

    In patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (2 L/hr.), Cefazolin for Injection produced mean serum levels of approximately 10 and 30 mcg/mL after 24 hours’ instillation of a dialyzing solution containing 50 mg/L and 150 mg/L, respectively. Mean peak levels were 29 mcg/mL (range 13 to 44 mcg/mL) with 50 mg/L (3 patients), and 72 mcg/mL (range 26 to 142 mcg/mL) with 150 mg/L (6 patients). Intraperitoneal administration of Cefazolin for Injection is usually well tolerated.

    Controlled studies on adult normal volunteers, receiving 1 gram 4 times a day for 10 days, monitoring CBC, SGOT, SGPT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, BUN, creatinine, and urinalysis, indicated no clinically significant changes attributed to Cefazolin for Injection.

    Microbiology

    Mechanism of Action

    Cefazolin is a bactericidal agent that acts by inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis.

    Resistance

    Predominant mechanisms of bacterial resistance to cephalosporins include the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and enzymatic hydrolysis.

    Antimicrobial Activity

    Cefazolin has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms, both in vitro and in clinical infections as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE (1) section.

    •Gram-Positive Bacteria

    Staphylococcus aureus

    Staphylococcus epidermidis

    Streptococcus agalactiae

    Streptococcus pneumonia

    Streptococcus pyogenes

    Methicillin-resistant staphylococci are uniformly resistant to cefazolin.

    •Gram-Negative Bacteria

    Escherichia coli

    Proteus mirabilis

    Most isolates of indole positive Proteus (Proteus vulgaris), Enterobacter spp., Morganella morganii, Providencia rettgeri, Serratia spp., and Pseudomonas spp. are resistant to cefazolin.

    Susceptibility Test Methods

    When available, the clinical microbiology laboratory should provide cumulative reports of in vitro susceptibility test results for antimicrobial drug products used in resident hospitals to the physician as periodic reports that describe the susceptibility profile of nosocomial and community-acquired pathogens. These reports should aid the physician in selecting an antibacterial drug product for treatment.

    Dilution Techniques

    Quantitative methods are used to determine minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). These MICs provide estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. The MICs should be determined using a standard test1, 2 (broth and/or agar). The MIC values obtained should be interpreted according to criteria as provided in Table 1.

    Diffusion Techniques

    Quantitative methods that require measurement of zone diameters provide reproducible estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. The zone size provides an estimate of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. The zone size should be interpreted using a standard test method 2, 3. This procedure uses paper disks impregnated with 30 mcg cefazolin to test the susceptibility of microorganisms to cefazolin. The disk diffusion interpretive criteria are provided in Table 1.

    Table 1: Susceptibility Test Interpretive Criteria for Cefazolin *

    Pathogen

    Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (mcg/mL)

    Disk Diffusion Zone Diameter (mm)

    S

    I

    R

    S

    I

    R

    Enterobacteriaceae

    ≤ 1

    2

    ≥ 4

    -

    -

    -

    Abbreviations: S= susceptible, I= intermediate, R= resistant

    * Interpretive criteria are based on 1 g every 8 hr

    NOTE: S. pyogenes and S. agalactiae that have a penicillin MIC of ≤ 0.12 mcg/mL, or disk diffusion zone diameters of ≥ 24 mm with a 10 mcg penicillin disk, may be interpreted as susceptible to cefazolin.

    NOTE: Susceptibility of staphylococci to cefazolin may be deduced from testing either cefoxitin or oxacillin.

    A report of Susceptible indicates that the antimicrobial is likely to inhibit growth of the pathogen if the antimicrobial compound reaches the concentrations at the infection site necessary to inhibit growth of the pathogen. A report of Intermediate indicates that the result should be considered equivocal, and, if the microorganism is not fully susceptible to alternative, clinically feasible drugs, the test should be repeated. This category implies possible clinical applicability in body sites where the drug product is physiologically concentrated or in situations where a high dosage of the drug product can be used. This category also provides a buffer zone that prevents small uncontrolled technical factors from causing major discrepancies in interpretation. A report of Resistant indicates that the antimicrobial is not likely to inhibit growth of the pathogen if the antimicrobial compound reaches the concentrations usually achievable at the infection site; other therapy should be selected.

    Quality Control

    Standardized susceptibility test procedures require the use of laboratory controls to monitor and ensure the accuracy and precision of supplies and reagents used in the assay, and the techniques of the individual performing the test 1, 2, 3. Standard cefazolin powder should provide the following MIC values noted in Table 2. For the diffusion technique using the 30 mcg disk, the criteria in Table 2 should be achieved.

     
    Table 2: Acceptable Quality Control Ranges for Cefazolin
     
    Quality Control Strain
     
    Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (mcg/mL)
     
    Disk Diffusion Zone Diameters (mm)
     
    E. coli ATCC ® 25922
     
    1 to 4
     
    21 to 27
     
    S. aureus ATCC ® 29213
     
    0.25 to 1
     
    ------------
     
    S. aureus ATCC ® 25923
     
    -------------
     
    29 to 35
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  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP is indicated for the treatment of the following serious infections when due to susceptible organisms.

    Respiratory Tract Infections: Due to S. pneumoniae, Klebsiella species, H. influenzae, S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant), and group A beta-hemolytic streptococci.

    Injectable benzathine penicillin is considered the drug of choice in treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever.

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP is effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx; however, data establishing the efficacy of Cefazolin for Injection, USP in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever are not available at present.

    Urinary Tract Infections: Due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and some strains of enterobacter and enterococci.

    Skin and Skin Structure Infections: Due to S. aureus (penicillin‑sensitive and penicillin-resistant), group A beta‑hemolytic streptococci, and other strains of streptococci.

    Biliary Tract Infections: Due to E. coli, various strains of streptococci, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and S. aureus.

    Bone and Joint Infections: Due to S. aureus.

    Genital Infections: (i.e., prostatitis, epididymitis) due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and some strains of enterococci.

    Septicemia: Due to S. pneumoniae, S. aureus (penicillin‑sensitive and penicillin‑resistant), P. mirabilis, E. coli, and Klebsiella species.

    Endocarditis: Due to S. aureus (penicillin‑sensitive and penicillin‑resistant) and group A beta‑hemolytic streptococci.

    Perioperative Prophylaxis: The prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively may reduce the incidence of certain postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures which are classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated (e.g., vaginal hysterectomy, and cholecystectomy in high‑risk patients such as those older than 70 years, with acute cholecystitis, obstructive jaundice, or common duct bile stones).

    The perioperative use of Cefazolin for Injection may also be effective in surgical patients in whom infection at the operative site would present a serious risk (e.g., during open‑heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty).

    The prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection should usually be discontinued within a 24‑hour period after the surgical procedure. In surgery where the occurrence of infection may be particularly devastating (e.g., open-heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty), the prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection may be continued for 3 to 5 days following the completion of surgery.

    If there are signs of infection, specimens for cultures should be obtained for the identification of the causative organism so that appropriate therapy may be instituted.

    (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

    To reduce the development of drug‑resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefazolin for Injection and other antibacterial drugs, Cefazolin for Injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION IS CONTRAINDICATED IN PATIENTS WITH KNOWN ALLERGY TO THE CEPHALOSPORIN GROUP OF ANTIBIOTICS.

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  • WARNINGS

    BEFORE THERAPY WITH CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION IS INSTITUTED, CAREFUL INQUIRY SHOULD BE MADE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE PATIENT HAS HAD PREVIOUS HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS TO CEFAZOLIN, CEPHALOSPORINS, PENICILLINS, OR OTHER DRUGS. IF THIS PRODUCT IS GIVEN TO PENICILLIN‑SENSITIVE PATIENTS, CAUTION SHOULD BE EXERCISED BECAUSE CROSS‑HYPERSENSITIVITY AMONG BETA‑LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS HAS BEEN CLEARLY DOCUMENTED AND MAY OCCUR IN UP TO 10% OF PATIENTS WITH A HISTORY OF PENICILLIN ALLERGY. IF AN ALLERGIC REACTION TO CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION OCCURS, DISCONTINUE TREATMENT WITH THE DRUG. SERIOUS ACUTE HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS MAY REQUIRE TREATMENT WITH EPINEPHRINE AND OTHER EMERGENCY MEASURES, INCLUDING OXYGEN, IV FLUIDS, IV ANTIHISTAMINES, CORTICOSTEROIDS, PRESSOR AMINES, AND AIRWAY MANAGEMENT, AS CLINICALLY INDICATED.

    Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including cefazolin, and may range in severity from mild to life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to consider this diagnosis in patients who present with diarrhea subsequent to the administration of antibacterial agents.

    Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon and may permit overgrowth of clostridia. Studies indicate that a toxin produced by Clostridium difficile is a primary cause of “antibiotic‑associated colitis.”

    After the diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis has been established, therapeutic measures should be initiated. Mild cases of pseudomembranous colitis usually respond to drug discontinuation alone. In moderate to severe cases, consideration should be given to management with fluids and electrolytes, protein supplementation, and treatment with an oral antibacterial drug clinically effective against C. difficile colitis.

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  • PRECAUTIONS

    General

    Prolonged use of Cefazolin for Injection may result in the overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms. Careful clinical observation of the patient is essential.

    When Cefazolin for Injection is administered to patients with low urinary output because of impaired renal function, lower daily dosage is required (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

    As with other β-lactam antibiotics, seizures may occur if inappropriately high doses are administered to patients with impaired renal function (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

    Cefazolin for Injection, as with all cephalosporins, should be prescribed with caution in individuals with a history of gastrointestinal disease, particularly colitis.

    Cephalosporins may be associated with a fall in prothrombin activity. Those at risk include patients with renal or hepatic impairment or poor nutritional state, as well as patients receiving a protracted course of antimicrobial therapy, and patients previously stabilized on anticoagulant therapy. Prothrombin time should be monitored in patients at risk and exogenous vitamin K administered as indicated.

    Prescribing Cefazolin for Injection in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection or a prophylactic indication is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug‑resistant bacteria.

    Drug Interactions

    Probenecid may decrease renal tubular secretion of cephalosporins when used concurrently, resulting in increased and more prolonged cephalosporin blood levels.

    Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

    A false positive reaction for glucose in the urine may occur with Benedict’s solution, Fehling’s solution or with CLINITEST® tablets, but not with enzyme-based tests such as CLINISTIX®.

    Positive direct and indirect antiglobulin (Coombs) tests have occurred; these may also occur in neonates whose mothers received cephalosporins before delivery.

    Information for Patients

    Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including Cefazolin for Injection, should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When Cefazolin for Injection is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may: (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment, and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by Cefazolin for Injection or other antibacterial drugs in the future.

    Carcinogenesis/Mutagenesis

    Mutagenicity studies and long-term studies in animals to determine the carcinogenic potential of Cefazolin for Injection have not been performed.

    Pregnancy

    Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category B. Reproduction studies have been performed in rats, mice, and rabbits at doses up to 25 times the human dose and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to Cefazolin for Injection. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

    Labor and Delivery

    When cefazolin has been administered prior to caesarean section, drug levels in cord blood have been approximately one quarter to one third of maternal drug levels. The drug appears to have no adverse effect on the fetus.

    Nursing Mothers

    Cefazolin for Injection is present in very low concentrations in the milk of nursing mothers. Caution should be exercised when Cefazolin for Injection is administered to a nursing woman.

    Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness for use in premature infants and neonates have not been established. See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION for recommended dosage in pediatric patients older than 1 month.

    Geriatric Use

    Of the 920 subjects who received Cefazolin for Injection in clinical studies, 313 (34%) were 65 years and over, while 138 (15%) were 75 years and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

    This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function (see PRECAUTIONS, General and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

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  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following reactions have been reported:

    Gastrointestinal: Diarrhea, oral candidiasis (oral thrush), vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps, anorexia, and pseudomembranous colitis. Onset of pseudomembranous colitis symptoms may occur during or after antibiotic treatment (see WARNINGS). Nausea and vomiting have been reported rarely.

    Allergic: Anaphylaxis, eosinophilia, itching, drug fever, skin rash, Stevens‑Johnson syndrome.

    Hematologic: Neutropenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocythemia.

    Hepatic: Transient rise in SGOT, SGPT, and alkaline phosphatase levels has been observed. As with other cephalosporins, reports of hepatitis have been received.

    Renal: As with other cephalosporins, reports of increased BUN and creatinine levels, as well as renal failure, have been received.

    Local Reactions: Rare instances of phlebitis have been reported at site of injection. Pain at the site of injection after intramuscular administration has occurred infrequently. Some induration has occurred.

    Other Reactions: Genital and anal pruritus (including vulvar pruritus, genital moniliasis, and vaginitis).

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact WG Critical Care, LLC at 1-866-562-4708 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov.

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  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Usual Adult Dosage:

    Type of Infection

    Dose

    Frequency

    Moderate to severe infections

    500 mg to 1 gram

    every 6 to 8 hours

    Mild infections caused by susceptible gram-positive cocci

    250 mg to 500 mg

    every 8 hours

    Acute, uncomplicated urinary tract infections

    1 gram

    every 12 hours

    Pneumococcal pneumonia

    500 mg

    every 12 hours

    Severe, life-threatening infections (e.g., endocarditis, septicemia)*

    1 gram to 1.5 grams

    every 6 hours

    * In rare instances, doses of up to 12 grams of Cefazolin for Injection per day have been used.

    Perioperative Prophylactic Use: To prevent postoperative infection in contaminated or potentially contaminated surgery, recommended doses are:

    a.
    1 gram I.V. or I.M. administered ½ hour to 1 hour prior to the start of surgery.
    b.
    For lengthy operative procedures (e.g., 2 hours or more), 500 mg to 1 gram I.V. or I.M. during surgery (administration modified depending on the duration of the operative procedure).
    c.
    500 mg to 1 gram I.V. or I.M. every 6 to 8 hours for 24 hours postoperatively.

    It is important that (1) the preoperative dose be given just prior (1/2 hour to 1 hour) to the start of surgery so that adequate antibiotic levels are present in the serum and tissues at the time of initial surgical incision; and (2) Cefazolin for Injection be administered, if necessary, at appropriate intervals during surgery to provide sufficient levels of the antibiotic at the anticipated moments of greatest exposure to infective organisms.

    In surgery where the occurrence of infection may be particularly devastating (e.g., open‑heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty), the prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection may be continued for 3 to 5 days following the completion of surgery.

    Dosage Adjustment for Patients With Reduced Renal Function: Cefazolin for Injection may be used in patients with reduced renal function with the following dosage adjustments: Patients with a creatinine clearance of 55 mL/min. or greater or a serum creatinine of 1.5 mg % or less can be given full doses. Patients with creatinine clearance rates of 35 to 54 mL/min. or serum creatinine of 1.6 to 3.0 mg % can also be given full doses but dosage should be restricted to at least 8 hour intervals. Patients with creatinine clearance rates of 11 to 34 mL/min. or serum creatinine of 3.1 to 4.5 mg % should be given 1/2 the usual dose every 12 hours. Patients with creatinine clearance rates of 10 mL/min. or less or serum creatinine of 4.6 mg % or greater should be given 1/2 the usual dose every 18 to 24 hours. All reduced dosage recommendations apply after an initial loading dose appropriate to the severity of the infection. Patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis: See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY.

    Pediatric Dosage: In pediatric patients, a total daily dosage of 25 to 50 mg per kg (approximately 10 to 20 mg per pound) of body weight, divided into 3 or 4 equal doses, is effective for most mild to moderately severe infections. Total daily dosage may be increased to 100 mg per kg (45 mg per pound) of body weight for severe infections. Since safety for use in premature infants and in neonates has not been established, the use of Cefazolin for Injection in these patients is not recommended.


    Pediatric Dosage Guide

    Weight

    25 mg/kg/day

    Divided into 3 Doses

    25 mg/kg/day

    Divided into 4 Doses

    Lbs

    Kg

    Approximate Single Dose mg/q 8 h

    Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of

    125 mg/mL

    Approximate Single Dose mg/q 6 h

    Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of

    125 mg/mL

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    4.5

    9

    13.6

    18.1

    22.7

    40 mg

    75 mg

    115 mg

    150 mg

    190 mg

    0.35 mL

    0.6 mL

    0.9 mL

    1.2 mL

    1.5 mL

    30 mg

    55 mg

    85 mg

    115 mg

    140 mg

    0.25 mL

    0.45 mL

    0.7 mL

    0.9 mL

    1.1 mL

    Weight

    50 mg/kg/day

    Divided into 3 Doses

    50 mg/kg/day

    Divided into 4 Doses

    Lbs

    Kg

    Approximate Single Dose mg/q 8 h

    Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of

    225 mg/mL

    Approximate Single Dose mg/q 6 h

    Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of

    225 mg/mL

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    4.5

    9

    13.6

    18.1

    22.7

    75 mg

    150 mg

    225 mg

    300 mg

    375 mg

    0.35 mL

    0.7 mL

    1 mL

    1.35 mL

    1.7 mL

    55 mg

    110 mg

    170 mg

    225 mg

    285 mg

    0.25 mL

    0.5 mL

    0.75 mL

    1 mL

    1.25 mL

    In pediatric patients with mild to moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 70 to 40 mL/min.), 60 percent of the normal daily dose given in equally divided doses every 12 hours should be sufficient. In patients with moderate impairment (creatinine clearance of 40 to 20 mL/min.), 25 percent of the normal daily dose given in equally divided doses every 12 hours should be adequate. Pediatric patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 20 to 5 mL/min.) may be given 10 percent of the normal daily dose every 24 hours. All dosage recommendations apply after an initial loading dose.

    RECONSTITUTION

    Preparation of Parenteral Solution: Parenteral drug products should be SHAKEN WELL when reconstituted, and inspected visually for particulate matter prior to administration. If particulate matter is evident in reconstituted fluids, the drug solutions should be discarded.

    When reconstituted or diluted according to the instructions below, Cefazolin for Injection is stable for 24 hours at room temperature or for 10 days if stored under refrigeration (5°C or 41°F). Reconstituted solutions may range in color from pale yellow to yellow without a change in potency.

    Single-Dose Vials: For I.M. injection, I.V. direct (bolus) injection or I.V. infusion, reconstitute with Sterile Water for Injection according to the following table. SHAKE WELL.

    Vial Size

    Amount of Diluent

    Approximate Concentration

    Approximate

    Available Volume

    500 mg

    2 mL

    225 mg/mL

    2.2 mL

    1 gram

    2.5 mL

    330 mg/mL

    3 mL

    Pharmacy Bulk Vials: Add Sterile Water for Injection, Bacteriostatic Water for Injection, or Sodium Chloride Injection according to the table below. SHAKE WELL. Use promptly. (Discard vial within 4 hours after initial entry.)

    Vial Size

    Amount of Diluent

    Approximate

    Concentration

    Approximate

    Available Volume

    10 grams

    45 mL

    1 gram/5 mL

    51 mL

    96 mL

    1 gram/10 mL

    102 mL

    20 grams

    87 mL

    1 gram/5 mL

    99 mL

    Administration

    Intramuscular Administration: Reconstitute vials with Sterile Water for Injection according to the dilution table above. Shake well until dissolved. Cefazolin for Injection should be injected into a large muscle mass. Pain on injection is infrequent with Cefazolin for Injection.

    Intravenous Administration: Direct (bolus) injection:Following reconstitution according to the above table, further dilute vials with approximately 5 mL Sterile Water for Injection. Inject the solution slowly over 3 to 5 minutes, directly or through tubing for patients receiving parenteral fluids (see list below).

    Intermittent or continuous infusion: Dilute reconstituted Cefazolin for Injection in 50 to 100 mL of one of the following solutions:

    Sodium Chloride Injection, USP

    5% or 10% Dextrose Injection, USP

    5% Dextrose in Lactated Ringer’s Injection, USP

    5% Dextrose and 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP

    5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP

    5% Dextrose and 0.2% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP

    Lactated Ringer’s Injection, USP

    Invert Sugar 5% or 10% in Sterile Water for Injection

    Ringer’s Injection, USP

    5% Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP

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  • HOW SUPPLIED

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP equivalent to 500 mg or 1 gram cefazolin per vial is supplied as follows:

    NDC 44567-706-25 500 mg vial(carton of 25)

    NDC 44567-707-25 1 gram vial (carton of 25)

    Also available:

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP is supplied in 10 gram or 20 gram Pharmacy Bulk Package bottles. Each Pharmacy Bulk Package contains cefazolin sodium equivalent to 10 grams or 20 grams of cefazolin and is supplied as follows:

    NDC 44567-708-10 10 gram Pharmacy Bulk Package (carton of 10)

    NDC 44567-709-10 20 gram Pharmacy Bulk Package (carton of 10)

    As with other cephalosporins, cefazolin tends to darken depending on storage conditions; within the stated recommendations, however, product potency is not adversely affected.

    Before reconstitution protect from light and store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

    REFERENCE

     
    1. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically ; Approved Standard-Tenth Edition . CLSI document M07-A10, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 950 West Valley Road, Suite 2500, Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087, USA, 2015.
     
    2. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing ; Twenty-fifth Informational Supplement . CLSI document M100-S25, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 950 West Valley Road, Suite 2500, Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087, USA, 2015.
     
    3. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Diffusion Susceptibility Tests; Approved Standard – Twelfth Edition. CLSI document M02-A12, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 950 West Valley Road, Suite 2500, Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087, USA, 2015.

    CLINITEST is a registered trademark of Miles, Inc.

    CLINISTIX is a registered trademark of Bayer Corporation.

    Manufactured for:

    WG Critical Care, LLC

    Paramus, NJ 07652

    Made in Italy

    Revised: March 2016

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  • PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 44567-706-25

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP

    500 mg per vial

    Each vial contains cefazolin sodium equivalent to 500 mg of cefazolin.

    For I.V. or I.M. use

    Rx only

    500 MG VIAL LABEL
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  • PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 44567-707-25

    Cefazolin for Injection, USP

    1 gram per vial

    Each vial contains cefazolin sodium equivalent to 1 gram of cefazolin.

    For I.V. or I.M. use

    Rx only

    1 gram vial label
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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    CEFAZOLIN 
    cefazolin injection, powder, for solution
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:44567-706
    Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR, INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    CEFAZOLIN SODIUM (UNII: P380M0454Z) (CEFAZOLIN - UNII:IHS69L0Y4T) CEFAZOLIN 500 mg
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:44567-706-25 25 in 1 CARTON 03/06/2015
    1 1 in 1 VIAL; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    ANDA ANDA065303 03/06/2015
    CEFAZOLIN 
    cefazolin injection, powder, for solution
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:44567-707
    Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR, INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    CEFAZOLIN SODIUM (UNII: P380M0454Z) (CEFAZOLIN - UNII:IHS69L0Y4T) CEFAZOLIN 1 g
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:44567-707-25 25 in 1 CARTON 03/06/2015
    1 1 in 1 VIAL; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    ANDA ANDA065303 03/06/2015
    Labeler - WG Critical Care, LLC (829274633)
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