Label: ONPATTRO- patisiran injection, lipid complex

  • NDC Code(s): 71336-1000-1
  • Packager: Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated November 9, 2018

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ONPATTRO™ safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ONPATTRO.

    ONPATTRO (patisiran) lipid complex injection, for intravenous use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2018

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    ONPATTRO contains a transthyretin-directed small interfering RNA and is indicated for the treatment of the polyneuropathy of hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis in adults. (1)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    • For patients weighing less than 100 kg, the recommended dosage is 0.3 mg/kg every 3 weeks by intravenous infusion. For patients weighing 100 kg or more, the recommended dosage is 30 mg (2.1)
    • Premedicate with a corticosteroid, acetaminophen, and antihistamines (2.2)
    • Filter and dilute prior to administration (2.3)
    • Infuse over approximately 80 minutes (2.4)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Lipid Complex Injection: 10 mg/5 mL (2 mg/mL) in a single-dose vial (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Infusion-related reactions: Monitor for signs and symptoms during infusion. Slow or interrupt the infusion if clinically indicated. Discontinue the infusion if a serious or life-threatening infusion-related reaction occurs (5.1)
    • Reduced serum vitamin A levels and recommended supplementation: Supplement with the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A. Refer to an ophthalmologist if ocular symptoms suggestive of vitamin A deficiency occur (5.2)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most frequently reported adverse reactions (that occurred in at least 10% of ONPATTRO-treated patients and at least 3% more frequently than on placebo) were upper respiratory tract infections and infusion-related reactions (6.1)


    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Alnylam Pharmaceuticals at 1-877-256-9526 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

    Revised: 8/2018

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*
  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    ONPATTRO is indicated for the treatment of the polyneuropathy of hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis in adults.

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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Dosing Information

    ONPATTRO should be administered by a healthcare professional.

    ONPATTRO is administered via intravenous (IV) infusion. Dosing is based on actual body weight.

    For patients weighing less than 100 kg, the recommended dosage is 0.3 mg/kg once every 3 weeks.

    For patients weighing 100 kg or more, the recommended dosage is 30 mg once every 3 weeks.

    Missed Dose

    If a dose is missed, administer ONPATTRO as soon as possible.

    • If ONPATTRO is administered within 3 days of the missed dose, continue dosing according to the patient's original schedule.
    • If ONPATTRO is administered more than 3 days after the missed dose, continue dosing every 3 weeks thereafter.

    2.2 Required Premedication

    All patients should receive premedication prior to ONPATTRO administration to reduce the risk of infusion-related reactions (IRRs) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Each of the following premedications should be given on the day of ONPATTRO infusion at least 60 minutes prior to the start of infusion:

    • Intravenous corticosteroid (e.g., dexamethasone 10 mg, or equivalent)
    • Oral acetaminophen (500 mg)
    • Intravenous H1 blocker (e.g., diphenhydramine 50 mg, or equivalent)
    • Intravenous H2 blocker (e.g., ranitidine 50 mg, or equivalent)

    For premedications not available or not tolerated intravenously, equivalents may be administered orally.

    For patients who are tolerating their ONPATTRO infusions but experiencing adverse reactions related to the corticosteroid premedication, the corticosteroid may be reduced by 2.5 mg increments to a minimum dose of 5 mg of dexamethasone (intravenous), or equivalent.

    Some patients may require additional or higher doses of one or more of the premedications to reduce the risk of IRRs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    2.3 Preparation Instructions

    ONPATTRO must be filtered and diluted prior to intravenous infusion. The diluted solution for infusion should be prepared by a healthcare professional using aseptic technique as follows:

    • Remove ONPATTRO from the refrigerator and allow to warm to room temperature. Do not shake or vortex.
    • Inspect visually for particulate matter and discoloration. Do not use if discoloration or foreign particles are present. ONPATTRO is a white to off-white, opalescent, homogeneous solution. A white to off-white coating may be observed on the inner surface of the vial, typically at the liquid-headspace interface. Product quality is not impacted by presence of the white to off-white coating.
    • Calculate the required dose of ONPATTRO based on the recommended weight-based dosage [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
    • Withdraw the entire contents of one or more vials into a single sterile syringe.
    • Filter ONPATTRO through a sterile 0.45 micron polyethersulfone (PES) syringe filter into a sterile container.
    • Withdraw the required volume of filtered ONPATTRO from the sterile container using a sterile syringe.
    • Dilute the required volume of filtered ONPATTRO into an infusion bag containing 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP for a total volume of 200 mL. Use infusion bags that are di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate-free (DEHP-free).
    • Gently invert the bag to mix the solution. Do not shake. Do not mix or dilute with other drugs.
    • Discard any unused portion of ONPATTRO.
    • ONPATTRO does not contain preservatives. The diluted solution should be administered immediately after preparation. If not used immediately, store in the infusion bag at room temperature (up to 30°C [86°F]) for up to 16 hours (including infusion time). Do not freeze.

    2.4 Infusion Instructions

    • Use a dedicated line with an infusion set containing a 1.2 micron polyethersulfone (PES) in-line infusion filter. Use infusion sets and lines that are DEHP-free.
    • Infuse the diluted solution of ONPATTRO intravenously, via an ambulatory infusion pump, over approximately 80 minutes, at an initial infusion rate of approximately 1 mL/min for the first 15 minutes, then increase to approximately 3 mL/min for the remainder of the infusion. The duration of infusion may be extended in the event of an IRR [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
    • Administer only through a free-flowing venous access line. Monitor the infusion site for possible infiltration during drug administration. Suspected extravasation should be managed according to local standard practice for non-vesicants.
    • Observe the patient during the infusion and, if clinically indicated, following the infusion [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
    • After completion of the infusion, flush the intravenous administration set with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP to ensure that all ONPATTRO has been administered.
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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Lipid Complex Injection: 10 mg/5 mL (2 mg/mL) white to off-white, opalescent, homogeneous solution in a single-dose vial.

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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None.

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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Infusion-Related Reactions

    Infusion-related reactions (IRRs) have been observed in patients treated with ONPATTRO. In clinical studies, all patients received premedication with a corticosteroid, acetaminophen, and antihistamines (H1 and H2 blockers) to reduce the risk of IRRs. In a controlled clinical study, 19% of ONPATTRO-treated patients experienced IRRs, compared to 9% of placebo-treated patients. Among ONPATTRO-treated patients who experienced an IRR, 79% experienced the first IRR within the first 2 infusions. The frequency of IRRs decreased over time. IRRs led to infusion interruption in 5% of patients. IRRs resulted in permanent discontinuation of ONPATTRO in less than 1% of patients in clinical studies. Across clinical studies, the most common symptoms (reported in greater than 2% of patients) of IRRs with ONPATTRO were flushing, back pain, nausea, abdominal pain, dyspnea, and headache [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. One patient in the ONPATTRO expanded access program had a severe adverse reaction of hypotension and syncope during an ONPATTRO infusion.

    Patients should receive premedications on the day of ONPATTRO infusion, at least 60 minutes prior to the start of infusion [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Monitor patients during the infusion for signs and symptoms of IRRs. If an IRR occurs, consider slowing or interrupting the ONPATTRO infusion and instituting medical management (e.g., corticosteroids or other symptomatic treatment), as clinically indicated. If the infusion is interrupted, consider resuming at a slower infusion rate only if symptoms have resolved. In the case of a serious or life-threatening IRR, the infusion should be discontinued and not resumed.

    Some patients who experience IRRs may benefit from a slower infusion rate or additional or higher doses of one or more of the premedications with subsequent infusions to reduce the risk of IRRs [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

    5.2 Reduced Serum Vitamin A Levels and Recommended Supplementation

    ONPATTRO treatment leads to a decrease in serum vitamin A levels. Supplementation at the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A is advised for patients taking ONPATTRO. Higher doses than the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A should not be given to try to achieve normal serum vitamin A levels during treatment with ONPATTRO, as serum vitamin A levels do not reflect the total vitamin A in the body.

    Patients should be referred to an ophthalmologist if they develop ocular symptoms suggestive of vitamin A deficiency (e.g., night blindness).

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of ONPATTRO cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    A total of 224 patients with polyneuropathy caused by hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis (hATTR amyloidosis) received ONPATTRO in the placebo-controlled and open-label clinical studies, including 186 patients exposed for at least 1 year, 137 patients exposed for at least 2 years, and 52 patients exposed for at least 3 years. In the placebo-controlled study, 148 patients received ONPATTRO for up to 18 months (mean exposure 17.7 months). Baseline demographic and disease characteristics were generally similar between treatment groups. The median age of study patients was 62 years and 74% were male. Seventy-two percent of study patients were Caucasian, 23% were Asian, 2% were Black, and 2% were reported as other. At baseline, 46% of patients were in Stage 1 of the disease and 53% were in Stage 2. Forty-three percent of patients had Val30Met mutations in the transthyretin gene; the remaining patients had 38 other point mutations. Sixty-two percent of ONPATTRO-treated patients had non-Val30Met mutations, compared to 48% of the placebo-treated patients.

    Upper respiratory tract infections and infusion-related reactions were the most common adverse reactions. One patient (0.7%) discontinued ONPATTRO because of an infusion-related reaction.

    Table 1 lists the adverse reactions that occurred in at least 5% of patients in the ONPATTRO-treated group and that occurred at least 3% more frequently than in the placebo-treated group in the randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Table 1: Adverse Reactions from the Placebo-Controlled Trial that Occurred in at Least 5% of ONPATTRO-treated Patients and at Least 3% More Frequently than in Placebo-treated Patients
    Adverse Reaction ONPATTRO
    N=148
    %
    Placebo
    N=77
    %
    *
    Includes nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, respiratory tract infection, pharyngitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, viral upper respiratory tract infection, upper respiratory tract congestion.
    Infusion-related reaction symptoms include, but are not limited to: arthralgia or pain (including back, neck, or musculoskeletal pain), flushing (including erythema of face or skin warm), nausea, abdominal pain, dyspnea or cough, chest discomfort or chest pain, headache, rash, chills, dizziness, fatigue, increased heart rate or palpitations, hypotension, hypertension, facial edema.
    Not part of an infusion-related reaction.
    §
    Includes dyspnea and exertional dyspnea.
    Includes bronchitis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis viral, lower respiratory tract infection, lung infection.
    Upper respiratory tract infections * 29 21
    Infusion-related reaction 19 9
    Dyspepsia 8 4
    Dyspnea , § 8 0
    Muscle spasms 8 1
    Arthralgia 7 0
    Erythema 7 3
    Bronchitis 7 3
    Vertigo 5 1

    Four serious adverse reactions of atrioventricular (AV) heart block (2.7%) occurred in ONPATTRO-treated patients, including 3 cases of complete AV block. No serious adverse reactions of AV block were reported in placebo-treated patients.

    Ocular adverse reactions that occurred in 5% or less of ONPATTRO-treated patients in the controlled clinical trial, but in at least 2% of ONPATTRO-treated patients, and more frequently than on placebo, include dry eye (5% vs. 3%), blurred vision (3% vs. 1%), and vitreous floaters (2% vs. 1%).

    Extravasation was observed in less than 0.5% of infusions in clinical studies, including cases that were reported as serious. Signs and symptoms included phlebitis or thrombophlebitis, infusion or injection site swelling, dermatitis (subcutaneous inflammation), cellulitis, erythema or injection site redness, burning sensation, or injection site pain.

    6.2 Immunogenicity

    The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. In addition, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to ONPATTRO in the studies described below with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other products may be misleading.

    Anti-drug antibodies to ONPATTRO were evaluated by measuring antibodies specific to PEG2000-C-DMG, a lipid component exposed on the surface of ONPATTRO. In the placebo-controlled and open-label clinical studies, 7 of 194 (3.6%) patients with hATTR amyloidosis developed anti-drug antibodies during treatment with ONPATTRO. One additional patient had pre-existing anti-drug antibodies. There was no evidence of an effect of anti-drug antibodies on clinical efficacy, safety, or the pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic profiles of ONPATTRO. Although these data do not demonstrate an impact of anti-drug antibody development on the efficacy or safety of ONPATTRO in these patients, the available data are too limited to make definitive conclusions.

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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    There are no available data on ONPATTRO use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk of adverse developmental outcomes. ONPATTRO treatment leads to a decrease in serum vitamin A levels, and vitamin A supplementation is advised for patients taking ONPATTRO. Vitamin A is essential for normal embryofetal development; however, excessive levels of vitamin A are associated with adverse developmental effects. The effects on the fetus of a reduction in maternal serum TTR caused by ONPATTRO and of vitamin A supplementation are unknown [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    In animal studies, intravenous administration of patisiran lipid complex (patisiran-LC) to pregnant rabbits resulted in developmental toxicity (embryofetal mortality and reduced fetal body weight) at doses that were also associated with maternal toxicity. No adverse developmental effects were observed when patisiran-LC or a rodent-specific (pharmacologically active) surrogate were administered to pregnant rats (see Data).

    In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown.

    Data

    Animal Data

    Intravenous administration of patisiran-LC (0, 0.15, 0.50, or 1.5 mg/kg) or a rodent-specific (pharmacologically active) surrogate (1.5 mg/kg) to female rats every week for two weeks prior to mating and continuing throughout organogenesis resulted in no adverse effects on fertility or embryofetal development.

    Intravenous administration of patisiran-LC (0, 0.1, 0.3, or 0.6 mg/kg) to pregnant rabbits every week during the period of organogenesis produced no adverse effects on embryofetal development. In a separate study, patisiran-LC (0, 0.3, 1, or 2 mg/kg), administered to pregnant rabbits every week during the period of organogenesis, resulted in embryofetal mortality and reduced fetal body weight at the mid and high doses, which were associated with maternal toxicity.

    Intravenous administration of patisiran-LC (0, 0.15, 0.50, or 1.5 mg/kg) or a rodent-specific surrogate (1.5 mg/kg) to pregnant rats every week throughout pregnancy and lactation resulted in no adverse developmental effects on the offspring.

    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There is no information regarding the presence of ONPATTRO in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for ONPATTRO and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from ONPATTRO or from the underlying maternal condition.

    In lactating rats, patisiran was not detected in milk; however, the lipid components (DLin-MC3-DMA and PEG2000-C-DMG) were present in milk.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    No dose adjustment is required in patients ≥65 years old [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. A total of 62 patients ≥65 years of age, including 9 patients ≥75 years of age, received ONPATTRO in the placebo-controlled study. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with mild hepatic impairment (bilirubin ≤1 × ULN and AST >1 × ULN, or bilirubin >1.0 to 1.5 × ULN) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. ONPATTRO has not been studied in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment.

    8.7 Renal Impairment

    No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥30 to <90 mL/min/1.73m2) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. ONPATTRO has not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease.

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    ONPATTRO contains patisiran, a double-stranded small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA), formulated as a lipid complex for delivery to hepatocytes. Patisiran specifically binds to a genetically conserved sequence in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of mutant and wild-type transthyretin (TTR) messenger RNA (mRNA).

    The structural formula is:

    Chemical Structure

    A, adenosine; C, cytidine; G, guanosine; U, uridine; Cm, 2'-O-methylcytidine; Um, 2'-O-methyluridine; dT, thymidine

    ONPATTRO is supplied as a sterile, preservative-free, white to off-white, opalescent, homogeneous solution for intravenous infusion in a single-dose glass vial. Each 1 mL of solution contains 2 mg of patisiran (equivalent to 2.1 mg of patisiran sodium). Each 1 mL also contains 6.2 mg cholesterol USP, 13.0 mg (6Z,9Z,28Z,31Z)-heptatriaconta-6,9,28,31-tetraen-19-yl-4-(dimethylamino) butanoate (DLin-MC3-DMA), 3.3 mg 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), 1.6 mg α-(3'-{[1,2-di(myristyloxy)propanoxy] carbonylamino}propyl)-ω-methoxy, polyoxyethylene (PEG2000-C-DMG), 0.2 mg potassium phosphate monobasic anhydrous NF, 8.8 mg sodium chloride USP, 2.3 mg sodium phosphate dibasic heptahydrate USP, and Water for Injection USP. The pH is ~7.0.

    The molecular formula of patisiran sodium is C412 H480 N148 Na40 O290 P40 and the molecular weight is 14304 Da.

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Patisiran is a double-stranded siRNA that causes degradation of mutant and wild-type TTR mRNA through RNA interference, which results in a reduction of serum TTR protein and TTR protein deposits in tissues.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    The pharmacodynamic effects of ONPATTRO were evaluated in hATTR amyloidosis patients treated with 0.3 mg/kg ONPATTRO via intravenous infusion once every 3 weeks.

    Mean serum TTR was reduced by approximately 80% within 10 to 14 days after a single dose. With repeat dosing every 3 weeks, mean reductions of serum TTR after 9 and 18 months of treatment were 83% and 84%, respectively. The mean maximum reduction of serum TTR over 18 months was 88%. Similar TTR reductions were observed regardless of TTR mutation, sex, age, or race. In a dose-ranging study, greater TTR reduction was maintained over the dosing interval with the recommended dosing regimen of 0.3 mg/kg every 3 weeks compared to 0.3 mg/kg every 4 weeks.

    Serum TTR is a carrier of retinol binding protein, which is involved in the transport of vitamin A in the blood. Mean reductions in serum retinol binding protein of 45% and serum vitamin A of 62% were observed over 18 months [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Following a single intravenous administration, systemic exposure to patisiran increases in a linear and dose-proportional manner over the range of 0.01 to 0.5 mg/kg. Greater than 95% of patisiran in the circulation is associated with the lipid complex. At the recommended dosing regimen of 0.3 mg/kg every 3 weeks, steady state is reached by 24 weeks of treatment. The estimated mean ± SD steady state peak concentrations (Cmax), trough concentrations (Ctrough), and area under the curve (AUCτ) were 7.15 ± 2.14 µg/mL, 0.021 ± 0.044 µg/mL, and 184 ± 159 µg∙h/mL, respectively. The accumulation of AUCτ was 3.2-fold at steady state, compared to the first dose. In the placebo-controlled study, inter-patient variability in patisiran exposure did not result in differences in clinical efficacy (mNIS+7 change from baseline) or safety (adverse events, serious adverse events).

    Distribution

    Plasma protein binding of ONPATTRO is low, with ≤2.1% binding observed in vitro with human serum albumin and human α1-acid glycoprotein. ONPATTRO distributes primarily to the liver. At the recommended dosing regimen of 0.3 mg/kg every 3 weeks, the mean ± SD steady state volume of distribution of patisiran (Vss) was 0.26 ± 0.20 L/kg.

    Elimination

    The terminal elimination half-life (mean ± SD) of patisiran is 3.2 ± 1.8 days. Patisiran is mainly cleared through metabolism, and the total body clearance (mean ± SD) at steady state (CLss) is 3.0 ± 2.5 mL/h/kg.

    Metabolism

    Patisiran is metabolized by nucleases to nucleotides of various lengths.

    Excretion

    Less than 1% of the administered dose of patisiran is excreted unchanged into urine.

    Specific Populations

    Age, race (non-Caucasian vs. Caucasian), and sex had no impact on the steady state pharmacokinetics of patisiran or TTR reduction. Population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analyses indicated no impact of mild or moderate renal impairment (eGFR ≥30 to <90 mL/min/1.73m2) or mild hepatic impairment (bilirubin ≤1 × ULN and AST >1 × ULN, or bilirubin >1.0 to 1.5 × ULN) on patisiran exposure or TTR reduction. ONPATTRO has not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment, end-stage renal disease, moderate or severe hepatic impairment, or in patients with prior liver transplant.

    Drug Interaction Studies

    No formal clinical drug interaction studies have been performed. The components of ONPATTRO are not inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 enzymes or transporters. Patisiran is not a substrate of cytochrome P450 enzymes. In a population pharmacokinetic analysis, concomitant use of strong or moderate CYP3A inducers and inhibitors did not impact the pharmacokinetic parameters of patisiran. ONPATTRO is not expected to cause drug-drug interactions or to be affected by inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 enzymes.

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Carcinogenesis

    Patisiran-LC was not carcinogenic in TgRasH2 mice when administered at intravenous (IV) doses of 0, 0.5, 2, or 6 mg/kg every two weeks for 26 weeks.

    Mutagenesis

    Patisiran-LC was negative for genotoxicity in in vitro (bacterial mutagenicity assay, chromosomal aberration assay in human peripheral blood lymphocytes) and in vivo (mouse bone marrow micronucleus) assays.

    Impairment of Fertility

    Intravenous (IV) administration of patisiran-LC (0, 0.03, 0.1, or 0.3 mg/kg) or a rodent-specific (pharmacologically active) surrogate (0.1 mg/kg) to male rats every two weeks prior to and throughout mating to untreated females produced no adverse effects on fertility.

    Intravenous administration of patisiran-LC (0, 0.15, 0.50, or 1.5 mg/kg) or a rodent-specific (pharmacologically active) surrogate (1.5 mg/kg) to female rats every week for two weeks prior to mating and continuing throughout organogenesis resulted in no adverse effects on fertility or on embryofetal development.

    Intravenous administration of patisiran-LC (0, 0.3, 1, or 2 mg/kg) to adult monkeys every three weeks for 39 weeks produced no adverse effects on male reproductive organs or on sperm morphology or count.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    The efficacy of ONPATTRO was demonstrated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial in adult patients with polyneuropathy caused by hATTR amyloidosis (NCT 01960348). Patients were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive ONPATTRO 0.3 mg/kg (N=148) or placebo (N=77), respectively, via intravenous infusion once every 3 weeks for 18 months. All patients received premedication with a corticosteroid, acetaminophen, and H1 and H2 blockers. Ninety-three percent of ONPATTRO-treated patients and 62% of placebo-treated patients completed 18 months of the assigned treatment.

    The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline to Month 18 in the modified Neuropathy Impairment Score +7 (mNIS+7). The mNIS+7 is an objective assessment of neuropathy and comprises the NIS and Modified +7 (+7) composite scores. In the version of the mNIS+7 used in the trial, the NIS objectively measures deficits in cranial nerve function, muscle strength, and reflexes, and the +7 assesses postural blood pressure, quantitative sensory testing, and peripheral nerve electrophysiology. The maximum possible score was 304 points, with higher scores representing a greater severity of disease.

    The clinical meaningfulness of effects on the mNIS+7 was assessed by the change from baseline to Month 18 in Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy (QoL-DN) total score. The Norfolk QoL-DN scale is a patient-reported assessment that evaluates the subjective experience of neuropathy in the following domains: physical functioning/large fiber neuropathy, activities of daily living, symptoms, small fiber neuropathy, and autonomic neuropathy. The version of the Norfolk QoL-DN that was used in the trial had a total score range from -4 to 136, with higher scores representing greater impairment.

    The changes from baseline to Month 18 on both the mNIS+7 and the Norfolk QoL-DN significantly favored ONPATTRO (Table 2, Figure 1 and Figure 3). The distributions of changes in mNIS+7 and Norfolk QoL-DN scores from baseline to Month 18 by percent of patients are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, respectively.

    The changes from baseline to Month 18 in modified body mass index (mBMI) and gait speed (10-meter walk test) significantly favored ONPATTRO (Table 2).

    Table 2: Clinical Efficacy Results from the Placebo-Controlled Study
    Endpoint* Baseline, Mean (SD) Change from Baseline to Month 18, LS Mean (SEM) ONPATTRO-Placebo Treatment Difference, LS Mean (95% CI) p-value
    ONPATTRO
    N=148
    Placebo
    N=77
    ONPATTRO Placebo
    CI, confidence interval; LS, least squares; mBMI, modified body mass index; mNIS, modified Neuropathy Impairment Score; QoL-DN, Quality of Life – Diabetic Neuropathy; SD, standard deviation; SEM, standard error of the mean
    *
    All endpoints analyzed using the mixed-effect model repeated measures (MMRM) method.
    A lower value indicates less impairment/fewer symptoms.
    A higher number indicates less disability/less impairment.
    §
    mBMI: body mass index (BMI; kg/m 2) multiplied by serum albumin (g/L); a higher number indicates better nutritional status.
    Primary
    mNIS+7 80.9 (41.5) 74.6 (37.0) -6.0 (1.7) 28.0 (2.6) -34.0
    (-39.9, -28.1)
    p<0.001
    Secondary
    Norfolk QoL-DN 59.6 (28.2) 55.5 (24.3) -6.7 (1.8) 14.4 (2.7) -21.1
    (-27.2, -15.0)
    p<0.001
    10-meter walk test (m/sec) 0.80 (0.40) 0.79 (0.32) 0.08 (0.02) -0.24 (0.04) 0.31
    (0.23, 0.39)
    p<0.001
    mBMI § 970 (210) 990 (214) -3.7 (9.6) -119 (14.5) 116
    (82, 149)
    p<0.001

    Figure 1: Change from Baseline in mNIS+7

    Figure 1

    A decrease in mNIS+7 indicates improvement.

    Δ indicates between-group treatment difference, shown as the LS mean difference (95% CI) for ONPATTRO – placebo.

    Figure 2: Histogram of mNIS+7 Change from Baseline at Month 18

    Figure 2

    mNIS+7 change scores are rounded to the nearest whole number; last available post-baseline scores were used.

    Categories are mutually exclusive; patients who died before 18 months are summarized in the "Death" category only.

    Figure 3: Change from Baseline in Norfolk QoL-DN Score

    Figure 3

    A decrease in Norfolk QoL-DN score indicates improvement.

    Δ indicates between-group treatment difference, shown as the LS mean difference (95% CI) for ONPATTRO – placebo.

    Figure 4: Histogram of Norfolk QoL-DN Change from Baseline at Month 18

    Figure 4

    Norfolk QoL-DN change scores are rounded to the nearest whole number; last available post-baseline scores were used.

    Categories are mutually exclusive; patients who died before 18 months are summarized in the "Death" category only.

    Patients receiving ONPATTRO experienced similar improvements relative to placebo in mNIS+7 and Norfolk QoL-DN score across all subgroups including age, sex, race, region, NIS score, Val30Met mutation status, and disease stage.

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  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    16.1 How Supplied

    ONPATTRO is a sterile, preservative-free, white to off-white, opalescent, homogeneous solution for intravenous infusion supplied as a 10 mg/5 mL (2 mg/mL) solution in a single-dose glass vial. The vial stopper is not made with natural rubber latex. ONPATTRO is available in cartons containing one single-dose vial each.

    The NDC is: 71336-1000-1.

    16.2 Storage and Handling

    Store at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Do not freeze. Discard vial if it has been frozen.

    If refrigeration is not available, ONPATTRO can be stored at room temperature up to 25°C (up to 77°F) for up to 14 days.

    For storage conditions of ONPATTRO after dilution in the infusion bag, see Dosage and Administration (2.3).

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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Infusion-Related Reactions

    Inform patients about the signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions (e.g., flushing, dyspnea, chest pain, rash, increased heart rate, facial edema). Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately if they experience signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    Recommended Vitamin A Supplementation

    Inform patients that ONPATTRO treatment leads to a decrease in vitamin A levels measured in the serum. Instruct patients to take the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they experience ocular symptoms suggestive of vitamin A deficiency (e.g., night blindness) and refer them to an ophthalmologist if they develop these symptoms [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    Pregnancy

    Instruct patients that if they are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking ONPATTRO they should inform their healthcare provider. Advise female patients of childbearing potential of the potential risk to the fetus [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Manufactured for: Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    300 Third Street, Cambridge, MA 02142
    By: Ajinomoto Althea, Inc.
    11040 Roselle Street, San Diego, CA 92121

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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 mg/mL Vial Carton

    NDC 71336-1000-1

    onpattro
    (patisiran)
    lipid complex injection

    10 mg/5 mL
    (2 mg/mL)

    Sterile Solution for
    Intravenous Infusion Only

    Dilute Before Use

    Single-Dose Vial

    Discard Unused Portion

    Rx Only

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 mg/mL Vial Carton
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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    ONPATTRO 
    patisiran injection, lipid complex
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:71336-1000
    Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    patisiran sodium (UNII: WO0YM16LKG) (patisiran - UNII:50FKX8CB2Y) patisiran 2 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    DLin-MC3-DMA (UNII: Q0J6FQ6FKP) 13 mg  in 1 mL
    1,2-DIMYRISTOYL-SN-GLYCERO-3-CARBOXAMINOPROPYLPOLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 2000 METHYL ETHER (UNII: G739VUB5KO) 1.6 mg  in 1 mL
    1,2-Distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (UNII: 043IPI2M0K) 3.3 mg  in 1 mL
    Cholesterol (UNII: 97C5T2UQ7J) 6.2 mg  in 1 mL
    Sodium phosphate, dibasic, heptahydrate (UNII: 70WT22SF4B) 2.3 mg  in 1 mL
    Potassium phosphate, monobasic (UNII: 4J9FJ0HL51) 0.2 mg  in 1 mL
    Sodium Chloride (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) 8.8 mg  in 1 mL
    Water (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE (white to off-white) Score     
    Shape Size
    Flavor Imprint Code
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:71336-1000-1 1 in 1 CARTON 08/13/2018
    1 5 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA210922 08/13/2018
    Labeler - Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (115524410)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 080889930 MANUFACTURE(71336-1000)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Ajinomoto Althea, Inc. 023050730 MANUFACTURE(71336-1000)
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