Label: METHOCARBAMOL tablet

  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated October 22, 2021

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Methocarbamol Tablets, USP 500 mg

    Rx only

  • DESCRIPTION

    Methocarbamol Tablets, USP, 500 mg, a carbamate derivative of guaifenesin, is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant with sedative and musculoskeletal relaxant properties.

    The chemical name of methocarbamol is 3-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-1, 2-propanediol 1-carbamate and has the empirical formula C11H15NO5. Its molecular weight is 241.24.

    The structural formula is shown below.

    The chemical name of methocarbamol is 3-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-1, 2-propanediol 1-carbamate and has the empirical formula C11H15NO5. Its molecular weight is 241.24.
    The structural formula is shown below.

    Methocarbamol is a white powder, sparingly soluble in water and chloroform, soluble in alcohol (only with heating) and propylene glycol, and insoluble in benzene and n-hexane.

    Each tablet, for oral administration, contains either 500 mg of methocarbamol, USP. The inactive ingredients present are colloidal silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate, povidone, pregelatinized corn starch, purified water, sodium starch glycolate, and stearic acid.

  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    The mechanism of action of methocarbamol in humans has not been established, but may be due to general central nervous system (CNS) depression. It has no direct action on the contractile mechanism of striated muscle, the motor end plate or the nerve fiber.

    Pharmacokinetics
    In healthy volunteers, the plasma clearance of methocarbamol ranges between 0.20 and 0.80 L/h/kg, the mean plasma elimination half-life ranges between 1 and 2 hours, and the plasma protein binding ranges between 46% and 50%.

    Methocarbamol is metabolized via dealkylation and hydroxylation. Conjugation of methocarbamol also is likely. Essentially all methocarbamol metabolites are eliminated in the urine. Small amounts of unchanged methocarbamol also are excreted in the urine.

    Special populations
    Elderly

    The mean (± SD) elimination half-life of methocarbamol in elderly healthy volunteers (mean [± SD] age, 69 [± 4] years) was slightly prolonged compared to a younger (mean [± SD] age, 53.3 [± 8.8] years), healthy population (1.5 [±0.4] hours versus 1.1 [± 0.27] hours, respectively). The fraction of bound methocarbamol was slightly decreased in the elderly versus younger volunteers (41 to 43% versus 46 to 50%, respectively).

    Renally impaired

    The clearance of methocarbamol in 8 renally-impaired patients on maintenance hemodialysis was reduced about 40% compared to 17 normal subjects, although the mean (± SD) elimination half-life in these two groups was similar: 1.2 (± 0.6) versus 1.1 (± 0.3) hours, respectively.

    Hepatically impaired

    In 8 patients with cirrhosis secondary to alcohol abuse, the mean total clearance of methocarbamol was reduced approximately 70% compared to that obtained in 8 age- and weight-matched normal subjects. The mean (± SD) elimination half-life in the cirrhotic patients and the normal subjects was 3.38 (±1.62) hours and 1.11 (± 0.27) hours, respectively. The percent of methocarbamol bound to plasma proteins was decreased to approximately 40 to 45% compared to 46 to 50% in the normal subjects.

  • INDICATIONS & USAGE

    Methocarbamol is indicated as an adjunct to rest, physical therapy, and other measures for the relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. The mode of action of methocarbamol has not been clearly identified, but may be related to its sedative properties.

    Methocarbamol does not directly relax tense skeletal muscles in man.

  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Methocarbamol is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to methocarbamol or to any of the tablet components.

  • WARNINGS

    Since methocarbamol may possess a general CNS depressant effect, patients receiving methocarbamol tablets should be cautioned about combined effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants.

    Safe use of methocarbamol has not been established with regard to possible adverse effects upon fetal development. There have been reports of fetal and congenital abnormalities following in utero exposure to methocarbamol. Therefore, methocarbamol tablets should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant and particularly during early pregnancy unless in the judgment of the physician the potential benefits outweigh the possible hazards (see PRECAUTIONS, PREGNANCY).

    Use in Activities Requiring Mental Alertness
    Methocarbamol may impair mental and/or physical abilities required for performance of hazardous tasks, such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle. Patients should be cautioned about operating machinery, including automobiles, until they are reasonably certain that methocarbamol therapy does not adversely affect their ability to engage in such activities.

  • PRECAUTIONS

    Information for Patients
    Patients should be cautioned that methocarbamol may cause drowsiness or dizziness, which may impair their ability to operate motor vehicles or machinery.

    Because methocarbamol may possess a general CNS-depressant effect, patients should be cautioned about combined effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants.

    Drug Interactions
    See WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS for interaction with CNS drugs and alcohol.

    Methocarbamol may inhibit the effect of pyridostigmine bromide. Therefore, methocarbamol should be used with caution in patients with myasthenia gravis receiving anticholinesterase agents.

    Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions
    Methocarbamol may cause a color interference in certain screening tests for 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) using nitrosonaphthol reagent and in screening tests for urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) using the Gitlow method.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
    Long-term studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of methocarbamol have not been performed. No studies have been conducted to assess the effect of methocarbamol on mutagenesis or its potential to impair fertility.

    Pregnancy
    Teratogenic Effects – Pregnancy Category C

    Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with methocarbamol. It is also not known whether methocarbamol can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Methocarbamol should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

    Safe use of methocarbamol has not been established with regard to possible adverse effects upon fetal development. There have been reports of fetal and congenital abnormalities following in utero exposure to methocarbamol. Therefore, methocarbamol should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant and particularly during early pregnancy unless in the judgment of the physician the potential benefits outweigh the possible hazards (see WARNINGS).

    Nursing Mothers
    Methocarbamol and/or its metabolites are excreted in the milk of dogs; however, it is not known whether methocarbamol or its metabolites are excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when methocarbamol is administered to a nursing woman.

    Pediatric Use
    Safety and effectiveness of methocarbamol in pediatric patients below the age of 16 have not been established.

  • OVERDOSAGE

    Limited information is available on the acute toxicity of methocarbamol. Overdose of methocarbamol is frequently in conjunction with alcohol or other CNS depressants and includes the following symptoms: nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, hypotension, seizures, and coma.

    In post-marketing experience, deaths have been reported with an overdose of methocarbamol alone or in the presence of other CNS depressants, alcohol or psychotropic drugs.

    Treatment
    Management of overdose includes symptomatic and supportive treatment. Supportive measures include maintenance of an adequate airway, monitoring urinary output and vital signs, and administration of intravenous fluids if necessary. The usefulness of hemodialysis in managing overdose is unknown.

  • DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION

    Methocarbamol, 500 mg — Adults: Initial dosage: 3 tablets q.i.d.
    Maintenance dosage: 2 tablets q.i.d.

    Six grams a day are recommended for the first 48 to 72 hours of treatment. (For severe conditions 8 grams a day may be administered). Thereafter, the dosage can usually be reduced to approximately 4 grams a day.

  • HOW SUPPLIED

    Methocarbamol Tablets, USP 500 mg — white, round, convex face, debossed “611” over bisect and “O” below bisect on one side and plain on the reverse side. Available in:

    bottles of 100, NDC number 70868-910-10

    Store at 20°– 25°C (68°– 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

    Dispense in tight container.

    For more information, call Key Therapeutics, LLC at 1-888-981-8337

    Manufactured by:
    OXFORD PHARMACEUTICALS
    Birmingham, AL 35211

    Manufactured for:
    KEY THERAPEUTICS
    Flowood, MS 39042

    8200011
    Rev 03/20
    R00

  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Adverse reactions reported coincident with the administration of methocarbamol include:

    Body as a whole: Anaphylactic reaction, angioneurotic edema, fever, headache

    Cardiovascular system: Bradycardia, flushing, hypotension, syncope, thrombophlebitis

    Digestive system: Dyspepsia, jaundice (including cholestatic jaundice), nausea and vomiting

    Hemic and lymphatic system: Leukopenia

    Immune system: Hypersensitivity reactions

    Nervous system: Amnesia, confusion, diplopia, dizziness or lightheadedness, drowsiness, insomnia, mild muscular incoordination, nystagmus, sedation, seizures (including grand mal), vertigo

    Skin and special senses: Blurred vision, conjunctivitis, nasal congestion, metallic taste, pruritus, rash, urticaria

  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    METHOCARBAMOL 
    methocarbamol tablet
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:72189-284(NDC:70868-910)
    Route of AdministrationORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    METHOCARBAMOL (UNII: 125OD7737X) (METHOCARBAMOL - UNII:125OD7737X) METHOCARBAMOL500 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    STEARIC ACID (UNII: 4ELV7Z65AP)  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO (UNII: 5856J3G2A2)  
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    POVIDONE K90 (UNII: RDH86HJV5Z)  
    STARCH, CORN (UNII: O8232NY3SJ)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Product Characteristics
    ColorwhiteScoreno score
    ShapeROUNDSize19mm
    FlavorImprint Code 611;O
    Contains    
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:72189-284-3030 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product10/19/2021
    2NDC:72189-284-6060 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product10/19/2021
    3NDC:72189-284-9090 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product10/19/2021
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA04048910/19/2021
    Labeler - DirectRx (079254320)
    Registrant - DirectRx (079254320)
    Establishment
    NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
    DirectRx079254320repack(72189-284)