Label: BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE - betamethasone dipropionate ointment
- NDC Code(s): 52565-019-15, 52565-019-51
- Packager: Teligent Pharma, Inc.
- Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
- DEA Schedule: None
- Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application
Updated July 17, 2018
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- HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
These highlights do not include all the information needed to use BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE Ointment safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE Ointment.
BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE Ointment USP, (Augmented) 0.05% for topical use
Initial U.S. Approval: 1983
RECENT MAJOR CHANGES
Warnings and Precautions, Visual Disturbance (5.2) 04/2018
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE Ointment is a corticosteroid indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses in patients 13 years of age and older. (1)
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
- Apply a thin film to the affected skin areas once or twice daily. (2)
- Discontinue therapy when control is achieved. (2)
- Limit therapy to no more than 2 consecutive weeks. (2)
- Use no more than 50 g per week. (2)
- Do not use with occlusive dressings unless directed by a physician. (2)
- Avoid use on the face, groin, or axillae, or if skin atrophy is present at the treatment site. (2)
- Not for oral, ophthalmic, or intravaginal use. (2)
DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
- Ointment, 0.05% (3)
- Hypersensitivity to any component of this medicine. (4)
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
- Effects on endocrine system: BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE Ointment can cause reversible HPA axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency during and after withdrawal of treatment. Risk factor(s) include the use of high-potency topical corticosteroids, use over a large surface area or to areas under occlusion, prolonged use, altered skin barrier, liver failure, and use in pediatric patients. Modify use should HPA axis suppression develop. (5.1, 8.4)
- Visual disturbances: BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE Ointment may increase the risk of cataracts and glaucoma. If visual symptoms occur, consider referral to an ophthalmologist for evaluation (5.2)
Most common adverse reactions (<1%) are: erythema, folliculitis, pruritus, and vesiculation. (6.1)
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Teligent Pharma, Inc., 1-856-697-1441 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.
- FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*
- Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
- 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment is a corticosteroid indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses in patients 13 years of age or older.Close
- 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Apply a thin film of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment to the affected skin areas once or twice daily.
Therapy should be discontinued when control is achieved. If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary. Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment is a super-high-potency topical corticosteroid. Treatment with Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment should not exceed 50 g per week because of the potential for the drug to suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment should not be used with occlusive dressings unless directed by a physician.
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment is for topical use only. It is not for oral, ophthalmic, or intravaginal use.
Avoid use on the face, groin, or axillae, or if skin atrophy is present at the treatment site.Close
- 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
Ointment, 0.05%. Each gram of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment, 0.05% contains 0.643 mg betamethasone dipropionate (equivalent to 0.5 mg betamethasone) in a white to off-white ointment base.Close
- 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to betamethasone dipropionate, to other corticosteroids, or to any ingredient in this preparation.Close
- 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
5.1 Effects on Endocrine System
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency. This may occur during treatment or after withdrawal of treatment. Factors that predispose to HPA axis suppression include the use of high-potency steroids, large treatment surface areas, prolonged use, use of occlusive dressings, altered skin barrier, liver failure, and young age. Evaluation for HPA axis suppression may be done by using the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test.
In a trial evaluating the effects of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment on the HPA axis, at 14 g per day, Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment was shown to suppress the plasma levels of adrenal cortical hormones following repeated application to diseased skin in subjects with psoriasis. These effects were reversible upon discontinuation of treatment. At 7 g per day, Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment was shown to cause minimal inhibition of the HPA axis when applied 2 times daily for 2 to 3 weeks in healthy subjects and in subjects with psoriasis and eczematous disorders.
With 6 g to 7 g of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment applied once daily for 3 weeks, no significant inhibition of the HPA axis was observed in subjects with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, as measured by plasma cortisol and 24-hour urinary 17-hydroxy-corticosteroid levels.
If HPA axis suppression is documented, gradually withdraw the drug, reduce the frequency of application, or substitute with a less potent corticosteroid. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.
Cushing's syndrome and hyperglycemia may also occur with topical corticosteroids. These events are rare and generally occur after prolonged exposure to excessively large doses, especially of high-potency topical corticosteroids.
Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity due to their larger skin surface to body mass ratios [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].
5.3 Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation. Such an observation should be corroborated with appropriate diagnostic patch testing. If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.
- 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS
6.1 Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
In controlled clinical trials, adverse reactions associated with the use of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment reported at a frequency of less than 1% included erythema, folliculitis, pruritus, and vesiculation.
6.2 Postmarketing Experience
Because adverse reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Postmarketing reports for local adverse reactions to topical corticosteroids may also include: skin atrophy, telangiectasias, burning, irritation, dryness, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infection, hypertrichosis, striae, and miliaria.
Hypersensitivity reactions, consisting of predominantly skin signs and symptoms, e.g., contact dermatitis, pruritus, bullous dermatitis, and erythematous rash have been reported.
- 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category C
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Betamethasone dipropionate has been shown to be teratogenic in rabbits when given by the intramuscular route at doses of 0.05 mg/kg. The abnormalities observed included umbilical hernias, cephalocele, and cleft palate.
8.3 Nursing Mothers
Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and can suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids can result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment is administered to a nursing woman.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Use of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment in pediatric patients younger than 13 years of age is not recommended due to the potential for HPA axis suppression [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)].
In an open-label HPA axis safety trial in subjects 3 months to 12 years of age with atopic dermatitis, Betamethasone Dipropionate AF Cream 0.05% was applied twice daily for 2 to 3 weeks over a mean body surface area of 58% (range 35% to 95%). In 19 of 60 (32%) evaluable subjects, adrenal suppression was indicated by either a ≤5 mcg/dL pre-stimulation cortisol, or a cosyntropin post-stimulation cortisol ≤18 mcg/dL and/or an increase of <7 mcg/dL from the baseline cortisol. Out of the 19 subjects with HPA axis suppression, 4 subjects were tested 2 weeks after discontinuation of Betamethasone Dipropionate AF Cream, and 3 of the 4 (75%) had complete recovery of HPA axis function. The proportion of subjects with adrenal suppression in this trial was progressively greater, the younger the age group.
Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of systemic toxicity when treated with topical drugs. They are, therefore, also at greater risk of HPA axis suppression and adrenal insufficiency upon the use of topical corticosteroids.
Rare systemic effects such as Cushing's syndrome, linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in pediatric patients, especially those with prolonged exposure to large doses of high potency topical corticosteroids.
Local adverse reactions including skin atrophy have also been reported with use of topical corticosteroids in pediatric patients.
Avoid use of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment in the treatment of diaper dermatitis.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Clinical trials of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment included 225 subjects who were 65 years of age and over and 46 subjects who were 75 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. However, greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
- 11 DESCRIPTION
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment USP, 0.05% (Augmented) contains betamethasone dipropionate USP, a synthetic adrenocorticosteroid, for topical use. Betamethasone, an analog of prednisolone, has a high degree of corticosteroid activity and a slight degree of mineralocorticoid activity. Betamethasone dipropionate is the 17, 21-dipropionate ester of betamethasone.
Chemically, betamethasone dipropionate is 9-fluoro-11β, 17,21-trihydroxy-16β -methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione 17,21-dipropionate, with the empirical formula C28H37FO7, a molecular weight of 504.6 and the following structural formula:
It is a white to creamy-white, odorless powder insoluble in water; freely soluble in acetone and in chloroform; sparingly soluble in alcohol.
Each gram of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment USP, 0.05% contains 0.643 mg betamethasone dipropionate USP (equivalent to 0.5 mg betamethasone), in a white ointment base of propylene glycol; propylene glycol stearate; white petrolatum; and white wax.Close
- 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
12.1 Mechanism of Action
Corticosteroids play a role in cellular signaling, immune function, inflammation, and protein regulation; however, the precise mechanism of action of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment in corticosteroid responsive dermatoses is unknown.
Trials performed with Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment, 0.05% indicate that it is in the super-high range of potency as demonstrated in vasoconstrictor trials in healthy subjects when compared with other topical corticosteroids. However, similar blanching scores do not necessarily imply therapeutic equivalence.
No pharmacokinetics trials have been conducted with Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment.
The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors including the vehicle, the integrity of the epidermal barrier, and the use of occlusive dressings [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2)].
Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed through normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin may increase percutaneous absorption. Occlusive dressings substantially increase the percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2)].
Once absorbed through the skin, topical corticosteroids enter pharmacokinetic pathways similar to systemically administered corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are bound to plasma proteins in varying degrees, are metabolized primarily in the liver, and excreted by the kidneys. Some of the topical corticosteroids and their metabolites are also excreted into the bile.
- 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of betamethasone dipropionate.
Betamethasone was negative in the bacterial mutagenicity assay (Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli), and in the mammalian cell mutagenicity assay (CHO/HGPRT). It was positive in the in vitro human lymphocyte chromosome aberration assay, and equivocal in the in vivo mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay.
Studies in rabbits, mice, and rats using intramuscular doses up to 1, 33, and 2 mg/kg, respectively, resulted in dose-related increases in fetal resorptions in rabbits and mice.
- 14 CLINICAL STUDIES
The safety and efficacy of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment for the treatment of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, have been evaluated in three randomized active-controlled trials, two in psoriasis and one in atopic dermatitis. A total of 378 subjects, of whom 152 received Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment, were included in these trials. These trials evaluated Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment applied twice daily, for 14 days. Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment was shown to be effective in relieving signs and symptoms of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis.Close
- 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment USP, 0.05% (Augmented) is a white ointment supplied in 15 g (NDC 52565-019-15) and 50 g (NDC52565-019-51) tubes.
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
- 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
Inform patients of the following:
- Discontinue therapy when control is achieved, unless directed otherwise by the physician.
- Use no more than 50 grams per week of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment and no longer than 2 consecutive weeks.
- Avoid contact with the eyes.
- Avoid use of Betamethasone Dipropionate Ointment on the face, underarms, or groin areas unless directed by the physician.
- Do not occlude the treatment area with bandage or other covering, unless directed by the physician.
- Note that local reactions and skin atrophy are more likely to occur with occlusive use, prolonged use or use of higher potency corticosteroids.
- SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION
Teligent Pharma, Inc.
Buena, New Jersey 08310
- PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 15 g Tube
Ointment USP, 0.05% (Augmented)
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)
For topical use only.
Not for oral, ophthalmic or vaginal use.
- INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
betamethasone dipropionate ointment
Product Information Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:52565-019 Route of Administration TOPICAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength betamethasone dipropionate (UNII: 826Y60901U) (betamethasone - UNII:9842X06Q6M) betamethasone 0.5 mg in 1 g Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength propylene glycol (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3) propylene glycol monopalmitostearate (UNII: F76354LMGR) white wax (UNII: 7G1J5DA97F) petrolatum (UNII: 4T6H12BN9U) Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:52565-019-15 1 in 1 CARTON 10/30/2017 1 15 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 2 NDC:52565-019-51 1 in 1 CARTON 10/30/2017 2 50 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date ANDA ANDA206118 10/30/2017 Labeler - Teligent Pharma, Inc. (011036910) Registrant - Teligent Pharma, Inc. (011036910) Establishment Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations Teligent Pharma, Inc. 011036910 manufacture(52565-019)