Label: METROGEL - metronidazole gel

  • NDC Code(s): 0299-3820-00, 0299-3820-01, 0299-3820-03, 0299-3820-60, view more
    0299-3820-99
  • Packager: Galderma Laboratories, L.P.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated June 5, 2019

If you are a consumer or patient please visit this version.

  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use METROGEL (metronidazole) Gel, 1% safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for METROGEL (metronidazole) Gel, 1% METROGEL® (metronidazole) Gel, 1% For topical use only. Initial U.S. Approval 1963

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    METROGEL® (metronidazole) Gel, 1% is a nitroimidazole indicated for the topical treatment of inflammatory lesions of rosacea (1)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    • Not for oral, ophthalmic or intravaginal use. (2)
    • Apply and rub in a thin film of METROGEL once daily to affected area(s). (2)
    • Treated areas should be cleansed before the application of METROGEL. (2)
    • Cosmetics may be applied after the application of METROGEL. (2)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Gel, 1%.
    (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    METROGEL is contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to metronidazole or to any other ingredient in this formulation. ( 4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Peripheral neuropathy, characterized by numbness or paresthesia of an extremity has been reported in patients treated with systemic metronidazole. Although not evident in clinical trials for topical metronidazole, peripheral neuropathy has been reported with the post approval use. The appearance of abnormal neurologic signs should prompt immediate reevaluation of METROGEL therapy. ( 5.1)
    • Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole and should be used with care in patients with evidence of, or history of, blood dyscrasia. ( 5.2)
    • If dermatitis occurs, patients may need to discontinue use.  ( 5.3)
    • Topical metronidazole has been reported to cause tearing of the eyes.  Therefore, contact with the eyes should be avoided. ( 5.4)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Most common adverse reactions (incidence > 2%) are nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, and headache. ( 6)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Galderma Laboratories, L.P. at 1-866-735-4137, or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or  www.fda.gov/medwatch

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Oral metronidazole has been reported to potentiate the anticoagulant effect of coumarin and warfarin, resulting in a prolongation of prothrombin time.  Drug interactions should be kept in mind when METROGEL is prescribed for patients who are receiving anticoagulant treatment, although they are less likely to occur with topical metronidazole administration because of low absorption. ( 7)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

    Revised: 6/2019

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*
  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE AND USAGE

    METROGEL® is indicated for the topical treatment of inflammatory lesions of rosacea. 

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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Apply and rub in a thin film of METROGEL once daily to affected area(s).
    A gentle cleanser should be used before the application of METROGEL.
    Cosmetics may be applied after the application of METROGEL.
    Not for oral, ophthalmic or intravaginal use.

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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Gel, 1%.  METROGEL is a clear, colorless to pale yellow gel.  Each gram of METROGEL contains 10mg (1%) of metronidazole.

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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    METROGEL is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to metronidazole or to any other ingredient in the formulation.

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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS


    5.1 Neurologic Disease

    Peripheral neuropathy, characterized by numbness or paresthesia of an extremity has been reported in patients treated with systemic metronidazole. Although not evident in clinical trials for topical metronidazole, peripheral neuropathy has been reported with the post approval use. The appearance of abnormal neurologic signs should prompt immediate reevaluation of METROGEL therapy. Metronidazole should be administered with caution to patients with central nervous system diseases.

    5.2 Blood Dyscrasias

    Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole; use with care in patients with evidence of, or history of, blood dyscrasia.

    5.3 Contact Dermatitis

    Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis have been reported.  If dermatitis occurs, patients may need to discontinue use.

    5.4 Eye Irritation

    Topical metronidazole has been reported to cause tearing of the eyes.  Avoid contact with the eyes.

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS


    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
    In a controlled clinical trial, 557 patients used metronidazole gel, 1% and 189 patients used the gel vehicle once daily for up to 10 weeks. The following table summarizes selected adverse reactions that occurred at a rate of ≥1%:

    Table 1: Adverse Reactions That Occurred at a Rate of ≥1%
    System Organ Class/Preferred Term Metronidazole Gel, 1% Gel Vehicle
    N= 557 N= 189
    Patients with at least one AE
           Number (%) of Patients
    186 (33.4) 51 (27.0)
    Infections and infestations 76 (13.6) 28 (14.8)
       Bronchitis 6 (1.1) 3 (1.6)
       Influenza 8 (1.4) 1 (0.5)
       Nasopharyngitis 17 (3.1) 8 (4.2)
       Sinusitis 8 (1.4) 3 (1.6)
       Upper respiratory tract infection 14 (2.5) 4 (2.1)
       Urinary tract infection 6 (1.1) 1 (0.5)
       Vaginal mycosis 1 (0.2) 2 (1.1)
    Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders 19 (3.4) 5 (2.6)
       Back pain 3 (0.5) 2 (1.1)
    Neoplasms 4 (0.7) 2 (1.1)
       Basal cell carcinoma 1 (0.2) 2 (1.1)
    Nervous system disorders 18 (3.2) 3 (1.6)
       Headache 12 (2.2) 1 (0.5)
    Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders 22 (3.9) 5 (2.6)
       Nasal congestion 6 (1.1) 3 (1.6)
    Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders 36 (6.5) 12 (6.3)
       Contact dermatitis 7 (1.3) 1 (0.5)
       Dry skin 6 (1.1) 3 (1.6)
    Vascular disorders 8 (1.4) 1 (0.5)
       Hypertension 6 (1.1) 1 (0.5)
    Table 2: Local Cutaneous Signs and Symptoms of Irritation That Were Worse Than Baseline
    Metronidazole Gel, 1% Gel Vehicle
    Sign/Symptom N= 544 N= 184
    Dryness 138 (25.4) 63 (34.2)
       Mild 93 (17.1) 41 (22.3)
       Moderate 42 (7.7) 20 (10.9)
       Severe 3 (0.6) 2 (1.1)
    Scaling 134 (24.6) 60 (32.6)
       Mild 88 (16.2) 32 (17.4)
       Moderate 43 (7.9) 27 (14.7)
       Severe 3 (0.6) 1 (0.5)
    Pruritus 86 (15.8) 35 (19.0)
       Mild 53 (9.7) 21 (11.4)
       Moderate 27 (5.0) 13 (7.1)
       Severe 6 (1.1) 1 (0.5)
    Stinging/burning 56 (10.3) 28 (15.2)
       Mild 39 (7.2) 18 (9.8)
       Moderate 7 (1.3) 9 (4.9)
       Severe 10 (1.8) 1 (0.5)

    The following additional adverse experiences have been reported with the topical use of metronidazole: skin irritation, transient redness, metallic taste, tingling or numbness of extremities, and nausea.

    6.2 Post Marketing Experience

    The following adverse reaction has been identified during post approval use of topical metronidazole: peripheral neuropathy.  Because this reaction is reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate the frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

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  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Oral metronidazole has been reported to potentiate the anticoagulant effect of coumarin and warfarin, resulting in a prolongation of prothrombin time. Drug interactions should be kept in mind when METROGEL is prescribed for patients who are receiving anticoagulant treatment, although they are less likely to occur with topical metronidazole administration because of low absorption.

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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS


    8.1 Pregnancy

    Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category B.
          
    There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with the use of METROGEL in pregnant women.

    Metronidazole crosses the placental barrier and enters the fetal circulation rapidly. No fetotoxicity was observed after oral administration of metronidazole in rats or mice at 200 and 20 times, respectively, the expected clinical dose. However, oral metronidazole has shown carcinogenic activity in rodents. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, METROGEL should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    After oral administration, metronidazole is secreted in breast milk in concentrations similar to those found in the plasma. Even though blood levels taken after topical metronidazole application are significantly lower than those achieved after oral metronidazole a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother and the risk to the infant.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Sixty-six subjects aged 65 years and older were treated with metronidazole gel, 1% in the clinical study.  No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

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  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    There are no reported human experiences with overdosage of METROGEL. Topically applied metronidazole can be absorbed in sufficient amount to produce systemic effects.

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    METROGEL (metronidazole) Gel, 1% contains metronidazole, USP. Chemically, metronidazole is 2-methyl-5-nitro-1 H-imidazole-1-ethanol. The molecular formula for metronidazole is C6H9N3O3. It has the following structural formula:

    Structural Formula

    Metronidazole has a molecular weight of 171.16. It is a white to pale yellow crystalline powder. It is slightly soluble in alcohol and has solubility in water of 10 mg/mL at 20˚C. Metronidazole belongs to the nitroimidazole class of compounds.

    METROGEL is a clear, colorless to pale yellow, aqueous gel; each gram contains 10 mg of metronidazole in a base of betadex, edetate disodium, hydroxyethyl cellulose, methylparaben, niacinamide, phenoxyethanol, propylene glycol, propylparaben and purified water.

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY


    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    The mechanism of action of metronidazole in the treatment of rosacea is unknown.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    The pharmacodynamics of metronidazole in association with the treatment of rosacea are unknown.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Topical administration of a one gram dose of METROGEL to the face of 13 patients with moderate to severe rosacea once daily for 7 days resulted in a mean ± SD Cmax of metronidazole of 32 ± 9 ng/mL.  The mean ± SD AUC(0-24) was 595 ± 154 ng*hr/mL. The mean Cmax and AUC(0-24) are less than 1% of the value reported for a single 250 mg oral dose of metronidazole. The time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) was 6-10 hours after topical application.

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY


    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Metronidazole has shown evidence of carcinogenic activity in a number of studies involving chronic, oral administration in mice and rats, but not in studies involving hamsters.

    In several long-term studies in mice, oral doses of approximately 225 mg/m2/day or greater (approximately 37 times the human topical dose on a mg/m2 basis) were associated with an increase in pulmonary tumors and lymphomas. Several long-term oral studies in the rat have shown statistically significant increases in mammary and hepatic tumors at doses >885 mg/m2/day (144 times the human dose).

    Metronidazole has shown evidence of mutagenic activity in several in vitro bacterial assay systems. In addition, a dose-related increase in the frequency of micronuclei was observed in mice after intraperitoneal injections. An increase in chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes was reported in patients with Crohn's disease who were treated with 200 to 1200 mg/day of metronidazole for 1 to 24 months. However, in another study, no increase in chromosomal aberrations in circulating lymphocytes was observed in patients with Crohn's disease treated with the drug for 8 months.

    In one published study, using albino hairless mice, intraperitoneal administration of metronidazole at a dose of 45 mg/m2/day (approximately 7 times the human topical dose on a mg/m2/day basis) was associated with an increase in ultraviolet radiation-induced skin carcinogenesis. Neither dermal carcinogenicity nor photocarcinogenicity studies have been performed with METROGEL or any marketed metronidazole formulations.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    In a randomized, vehicle-controlled trial, 746 subjects with rosacea were treated with metronidazole gel, 1% or gel vehicle once daily for 10 weeks.  Most subjects had “moderate” rosacea at baseline. Efficacy was determined by recording reduction in inflammatory lesion counts and success rate in the Investigator Global Assessment (percentage of subjects “clear” and “almost clear” of rosacea at the end of the study). The scale is based on the following definitions:

    Table 3: Investigator Global Assessment Scale
    Score Grade Definition
    0 Clear No signs or symptoms present; at most, mild erythema
    1 Almost Clear Very mild erythema present. Very few small papules/pustules
    2 Mild Mild erythema.  Several small papules/pustules
    3 Moderate Moderate erythema.  Several small or large papules/pustules, and up to 2 nodules
    4 Severe Severe erythema.  Numerous small and/or large papules/pustules, up to several nodules

    The results are shown in the following table:

    Table 4: Inflammatory Lesion Counts and Global Scores in a Clinical Trial of Rosacea
      Metronidazole Gel, 1% Vehicle
    N Results N (%) N Results N (%)
    Inflammatory lesions 557   189  
    Baseline, mean count   18.3   18.4
    Week-10, mean count   8.9   12.8
    Reduction   9.4 (50.7)   5.6 (32.6)
    Investigator Global Assessment 557   189  
    Subject clear or almost clear   214 (38.42)   52 (27.51)
    Subject with no change   159 (28.5)   77 (40.7)

    Subjects treated with metronidazole gel, 1% experienced a mean reduction of 9.4 inflammatory lesions in the Week-10 LOCF group, compared to a reduction of 5.6 for those treated with vehicle, or a difference in means of 3.8 lesions.

    The contribution to efficacy of individual components of the vehicle has not been established.

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  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    METROGEL® a clear, colorless to pale yellow in color, and is supplied as follows:

    60 gram tube - NDC 0299-3820-60

    55 gram pump - NDC 0299-3820-01

    Storage Conditions: Store at controlled room temperature: 20˚ to 25˚C (68˚ to 77˚F), excursions permitted between 15˚ and 30˚C (59˚ and 86˚F).

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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Patients using METROGEL should receive the following information and instructions.:

    1. This medication is to used as directed.
    2. It is for external use only.
    3. Avoid contact with the eyes.
    4. Cleanse affected area(s) before applying METROGEL.
    5. This medication should not be used for any condition other than that for which it is prescribed.
    6. Keep out of reach of children.
    7. Patients should report any adverse reaction to their physicians.

    Rx Only
    US Patent No. 6,881,726 and 7,348,317

    Manufactured by:
    G Production Inc.
    Baie D'Urfé, QC, H8X 3S4 Canada
    Made in Canada.


    Marketed by:
    Galderma Laboratories, L.P.
    Fort Worth, TX 76177 USA
    P50742-3

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  • PACKAGE LABEL - 60g Tube

    60g_tube_carton_image

    metrogel 1%
    (metronidazole) Gel 1%

    NDC 0299-3820-60

    For topical use only

    Rx Only

    NET WT. 60
    g

    For topical use only. Not for oral, ophthalmic or intravaginal use.


    Store at controlled room temperature, 68° to 77°F (20° - 25°C), excursions permitted between 59° to 86°F (15° - 30°C).
    Keep out of reach of children.

    Usual dosage: Apply a thin film once a day to the affected areas.  See package insert for complete prescribing instructions.


    Each gram contains: 10 mg (1%) metronidazole as active ingredient in a gel base consisting of betadex, edetate disodium, hydroxyethl cellulose, methylparaben, niacinamide, phenoxyethanol, propylene glycol, propylparben, and purified water.


    US Patent Nos: 6,881,726 and 7,348,317

    Marketed by:
    GALDERMA LABORATORIES, L.P.
    Fort Worth, Texas 76177 USA

    GALDERMA is a registered trademark.
    Manufactured by:
    G Production Inc.
    Baie D'Urfé, QC, H9X 3S4, Canada
    Made in Canada.
    www.metrogel.com
    P50741-5


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  • PACKAGE LABEL - 55g Pump

    p51727-2_55g_pump_carton_image

    Rx Only      NDC 0299-3820-01

    metrogel 1%
    (metronidazole) Gel 1%

    PUMP

    For topical use only

    NET WT. 55g

    For topical use only. Not for oral, ophthalmic or intravaginal use.


    Store at controlled room temperature, 68° to 77°F (20° - 25°C), excursions permitted between 59° to 86°F (15° - 30°C).
    Keep out of reach of children.

    Usual dosage: Apply a thin film once a day to the affected areas.  See package insert for complete prescribing instructions.


    Each gram contains: 10 mg (1%) metronidazole as active ingredient in a gel base consisting of betadex, edetate disodium, hydroxyethyl cellulose, methylparaben, niacinamide, phenoxyethanol, propylene glycol, propylparben, and purified water.


    Marketed by:
    GALDERMA LABORATORIES, L.P.
    Fort Worth, TX 76177 USA

    Made in Canada.

    GALDERMA is a registered trademark.

    P51727-2

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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    METROGEL 
    metronidazole gel
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0299-3820
    Route of Administration TOPICAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    METRONIDAZOLE (UNII: 140QMO216E) (Metronidazole - UNII:140QMO216E) METRONIDAZOLE 10 mg  in 1 g
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    betadex (UNII: JV039JZZ3A)  
    edetate disodium (UNII: 7FLD91C86K)  
    methylparaben (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T)  
    niacinamide (UNII: 25X51I8RD4)  
    phenoxyethanol (UNII: HIE492ZZ3T)  
    propylene glycol (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)  
    propylparaben (UNII: Z8IX2SC1OH)  
    water (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0299-3820-60 60 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 08/29/2006
    2 NDC:0299-3820-01 55 g in 1 BOTTLE, PUMP; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/19/2011
    3 NDC:0299-3820-03 3 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 06/30/2005
    4 NDC:0299-3820-99 55 g in 1 BOTTLE, PUMP; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/19/2011
    5 NDC:0299-3820-00 3 g in 1 BLISTER PACK; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 06/30/2005
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA021789 06/30/2005
    Labeler - Galderma Laboratories, L.P. (047350186)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    G Production Inc. 251676961 manufacture(0299-3820)
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