Label: ARTISS FIBRIN SEALANT- fibrinogen human, human thrombin solution

  • NDC Code(s): 0338-8503-01, 0338-8503-02, 0338-8503-03, 0338-8503-04, view more
    0338-8503-09, 0338-8503-10
  • Packager: Baxter Healthcare Corporation
  • Category: PLASMA DERIVATIVE
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Biologic Licensing Application

Drug Label Information

Updated December 27, 2019

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ARTISS safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ARTISS.
    ARTISS [Fibrin Sealant (Human)]
    Solution for topical application
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2008

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    ARTISS is a fibrin sealant indicated to:

    Adhere autologous skin grafts to surgically prepared wound beds resulting from burns in adult and pediatric populations greater than or equal to 1 year of age (1)
    Adhere tissue flaps during facial rhytidectomy surgery (face-lift) (1)

    ARTISS is not indicated as an adjunct to hemostasis (1)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    For topical use only. (2)
    Individualize the amount based on the size of the surface to be covered. (2)

    2 mL will cover approximately 100 cm2 surface area
    4 mL will cover approximately 200 cm2 surface area
    10 mL will cover approximately 500 cm2 surface area

    Apply a thin layer using the Easyspray and Spray Set or an equivalent device cleared by FDA for application of ARTISS. (2.2)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    ARTISS solution is available as a 2 mL, 4 mL, and 10 mL (total volume) pre-filled syringe. (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Do not inject directly into the circulatory system (4)
    Do not use in individuals with a known hypersensitivity to aprotinin (4)
    Do not spray where the minimum recommended distance from the applicator tip to the target site cannot be assured (4).

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, can occur. Should symptoms occur, discontinue and administer appropriate treatment. (5.1)
    To reduce the risk of potential life-threatening gas embolism, spray using only the appropriate pressurized gas at the recommended pressure (21.8-29.0 psi) and distance (10-15 cm). Use the EASYSPRAY device connected to a CO2, Medical Air or Nitrogen CO2. (5.2)
    ARTISS may denature when exposed to solutions containing alcohol, iodine or heavy metals. (5.3)
    As ARTISS is made from human plasma, it may carry the risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) and theoretically, the classic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease agent (5.4)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Adverse reactions reported during clinical trials in greater than 1% of subjects were:
    Burns: Skin graft failure, hematoma and pruritus (6.1)
    Facial Rhytidectomy: Hematoma/seroma (6.1)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Baxter Healthcare Corporation at 1-888-229-0001 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    Pregnancy: No human or animal data. Use only if deemed clinically necessary. (8.1)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

    Revised: 12/2019

  • Table of Contents
  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    ARTISS is a fibrin sealant indicated to:

    Adhere autologous skin grafts to surgically prepared wound beds resulting from burns in adult and pediatric populations greater than or equal to 1 year of age.
    Adhere tissue flaps during facial rhytidectomy surgery (face-lift).

    ARTISS is not indicated as an adjunct to hemostasis.

  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    For topical use only.

    2.1 Preparation

    Do not expose to temperatures above 37°C.
    Do not microwave.
    Do not refrigerate or re-freeze after thawing.
    Do not use ARTISS unless it is completely thawed and warmed to 33˚C-37˚C.
    Do not remove the protective syringe cap until thawing is complete and the application tip is ready to be attached.

    Room Temperature Thawing

    Unopened pouches can be stored for up to 14 days at 15oC to 25°C. Before use, warm the product to 33oC- 37oC.

    Table 1 Approximate Room Temperature Thawing and Incubator Warming Times

    Pack Size in Pouch

    Room Temperature

    (In Pouches)

    15 oC to 25oC

    Warming thawed pouches
    prior to use

    33oC to 37oC Incubator

    2 mL

    60 minutes

    15 minutes

    4 mL

    110 minutes

    25 minutes

    10 mL

    160 minutes

    35 minutes

    Quick Thawing

    Sterile Water Bath (Quick Thawing): Transfer inner pouch to the sterile field, remove pre-filled syringe from inner pouch and place directly into sterile water bath ensuring the syringe is completely immersed in the water. Maintain the product at 33°C to 37°C until use. If the package is opened or warmed to 33°C to 37°C, it must be used within 12 hours.

    Non-Sterile Water Bath: Maintain the pre-filled syringe in pouches and place into a water bath outside the sterile field ensuring the pouches remain submerged. Remove from the water bath after thawing and warming, dry the external pouch and transfer inner pouch with pre-filled syringe onto the sterile field. Maintain the product at 33°C to 37°C until use. If the package is opened or warmed to 33°C to 37°C, it must be used within 12 hours.

    Incubator: Maintain the pre-filled syringe in pouches and place into an incubator. Remove from the incubator after thawing and warming. Transfer inner pouch with pre-filled syringe onto the sterile field. Maintain the product at 33°C to 37°C until use. If the package is opened or warmed to 33°C to 37°C, it must be used within 12 hours.

    Table 2 Approximate Water Bath or Incubator Thawing and Warming Times

    Pack Size in Pouch

    Sterile Water Bath
    (Pouches Removed)
    33 oC to 37°C

    Non-Sterile Water Bath
    (In Pouches)
    33 oC to 37°C

    Incubator
    (In Pouches)
    33 oC to 37°C

    2 mL

    5 minutes

    30 minutes

    40 minutes

    4 mL

    5 minutes

    40 minutes

    85 minutes

    10 mL

    12 minutes

    80 minutes

    105 minutes

    2.2 Method of Application

    ARTISS must be applied only to application sites that are visible. Individualize the amount to be applied based on the size of the surface to be covered. Prior to applying ARTISS, dry the site of application using standard techniques (e.g., intermittent application of compresses, swabs, use of suction devices). Do not use pressurized air or gas for drying the site. Apply ARTISS as a thin layer.

    The approximate surface areas covered by each package size are:

    Table 3

    Approximate area requiring skin graft fixation

    Required package size of ARTISS

    100 cm2

    200 cm2

    500 cm2

    2 mL

    4 mL

    10 mL

    When applying ARTISS using a spray device, utilize the recommended gas, pressure and distance from tissue within the ranges recommended by the manufacturer as follows:

    Table 4: Recommended Application Equipment, Gas and Parameters.
    *
    CO2 is the preferred gas for application, however Medical Air or Nitrogen are acceptable gasses for administration of ARTISS in open surgery.

    Surgery

    Spray set / Applicator tips to use

    Pressure regulator to use

    Gas

    Distance

    Spray Pressure

    Open surgery

    Tisseel / Artiss Spray Set

    EasySpray Regulator

    CO2*, Medical Air or Nitrogen

    10-15 cm

    1.5-2.0 bar

    (21.8-29.0 psi)

    Application with Spray Device

    Apply using the EasySpray and Spray Set, or an equivalent device cleared by FDA for application of ARTISS. See additional instructions for use provided with the spray set. Artiss must not be used with the EasySpray / Spray set system in enclosed body cavities.

    Ensure that parts of the body outside the desired application area are sufficiently covered to prevent tissue adherence at undesired site.

    Apply as a thin layer to avoid the formation of excess granulation tissue and to ensure gradual absorption of the polymerized fibrin sealant. Excessive clot thickness may delay the natural wound healing process. Ensure that the amount applied is sufficient to entirely cover the intended application area.

    The aerosolized sealant should be applied to the wound in a painting motion from side to side to achieve an even thin layer. The wound bed will glisten in the area to which fibrin sealant has been applied. Any areas not covered by fibrin sealant will be clearly visible.

    Attach the skin flap or graft to the wound bed immediately after ARTISS has been sprayed. Wet gloves with normal saline before product contact to prevent adherence. The surgeon has up to 60 seconds to manipulate and position the flap or graft prior to polymerization.

    Repeat application, if necessary, to any small areas that may not have been previously treated.

    Hold the flap or graft in the desired position by gentle compression for at least 3 minutes to ensure ARTISS sets properly and firmly adheres the skin graft or flap to the underlying tissue. The solidified fibrin sealant reaches its final strength in approximately 2 hours after application.

    Application with DUO Set A

    The cannulas included with the DUO Set A may be used for small wounds or for edges of a skin graft that did not adhere to the wound bed [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Immediately before application, expel and discard the first several drops from the application cannula to ensure adequate mixing of the Sealer Protein and Thrombin solutions in cases where very small volumes (1-2 drops) are administered.

    DUO Set A Instructions (see Figure 1 below):

    1.
    Insert plunger into syringe barrel.
    2.
    Firmly connect the two syringe nozzles to the joining piece and secure it by fastening the tether strap to the syringe.
    3.
    Fit an application cannula to the joining piece.

    Note: Interruption of application causes clogging in the cannula. Replace the cannula immediately prior to resuming application. If the opening of the joining piece (Y connector) facing the cannula is clogged, use the spare joining piece provided in the package.

    Figure 1:  DUO Set A

    Figure 1 DUO Set A

    Pre-filled syringes are for single use only. Discard unused contents.

  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    ARTISS is a two component fibrin sealant solution, comprised of sealer protein (human) and thrombin (human) available in a 2 mL, 4 mL, or 10 mL (total volume) pre-filled syringe with the DUO Set A.

  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Do not inject directly into the circulatory system or into highly vascularized tissue. Intravascular application can result in life-threatening thromboembolic events and can increase the likelihood and severity of acute hypersensitivity reaction in susceptible patients.

    Do not use in individuals with a known hypersensitivity to aprotinin and/or hypersensitivity to any of the active substances or excipients of ARTISS including proteins such as fibrinogen, thrombin, and human albumin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)and Adverse Reactions (6)].

    Do not spray where the minimum recommended distance from the applicator tip to the target site cannot be assured.

  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Hypersensitivity Reactions

    Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, can occur. Cases have been reported in post-marketing experience with fibrin sealant. In specific cases, these reactions have progressed to anaphylaxis. Such reactions may especially be seen if product is applied repeatedly over time or in the same setting, or if systemic aprotinin has been administered previously; however, these reactions may also occur in patients receiving ARTISS for the first time. A first successful treatment does not exclude a later allergic reaction. Symptoms associated with allergic anaphylactic reactions include: Flushing urticaria, pruritus, nausea, drop in blood pressure, tachycardia or bradycardia, dyspnea, severe hypotension and anaphylactic shock.

    Aprotinin, a monomeric polypeptide, is known to be associated with anaphylactic reactions. Even in the case of strict local application of aprotinin, there is a risk of anaphylactic reactions to aprotinin, particularly in the case of previous exposure [see Contraindications (4)].

    Discontinue administration in the event of hypersensitivity reactions. Remove the already applied, polymerized product from the surgical field. Mild reactions can be managed with antihistamines. Severe reactions and reactions involving hypotension require immediate resuscitative intervention.

    5.2 Application Precautions

    Any application of pressurized air or gas is associated with a potential risk of air or gas embolism, tissue rupture, or gas entrapment with compression, which may be life threatening or fatal.

    Life threatening/fatal air or gas embolism has occurred with the use of spray devices employing pressure regulator to administer fibrin sealants. This can occur if a spray device is used at higher than recommended pressures and in closer than recommended proximity to the tissue surface. The risk appears to be higher when fibrin sealants are sprayed with air, as compared to CO2 and therefore cannot be excluded with ARTISS when sprayed in open surgical procedures.

    To reduce the risk of a potentially life-threatening gas embolism when using a spray device, be sure to use the pressure within the pressure range recommended by the spray device manufacturer. In the absence of a specific recommendation avoid using pressure above 20-25 psi. Do not spray closer than the distance recommended by the spray device manufacturer. In the absence of a specific recommendation avoid spraying closer than 10-15 cm from the surface of the tissue. When spraying, changes in blood pressure, pulse, oxygen saturation and end tidal CO2 should be monitored because of the possibility of occurrence of air or gas embolism. When using the EasySpray device, or an equivalent spray device cleared by FDA, use the pressure within the pressure range recommended by the spray device manufacturer. Spray only on to visible application sites, not in enclosed body cavities.

    5.3 Protein Denaturation

    The sealer protein and thrombin solutions can be denatured by alcohol, iodine or heavy metal ions (e.g., antiseptic solutions). If any of these substances have been used to clean the wound area, the area must be thoroughly rinsed before application of ARTISS and made as dry as possible.

    5.4 Transmission of Infectious Agents

    ARTISS is made from human plasma. Because this product is made from human blood, it may carry a risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) agent, and theoretically, the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agent. All infections thought by a physician possibly to have been transmitted by this product should be reported by the physician or other healthcare provider to Baxter Healthcare Corporation, telephone no. 1-888-229-0001.

    Some viruses, such as parvovirus B19, are particularly difficult to remove or inactivate at this time. Parvovirus B19 most seriously affects pregnant women (fetal infection), immune-compromised individuals or individuals with an increased erythropoiesis (e.g., hemolytic anemia) [see Pregnancy (8.1)and Patient Counseling Information (17)].

  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most frequent (≥ 1% of clinical trial subjects) adverse reactions with the use of ARTISS were: Skin graft failure, hematoma and pruritus in burn studies, and hematoma/seroma in rhytidectomy studies.

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    The burn and rhytidectomy surgery trials were prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trials with a total of 298 subjects. In each trial, the subject served as its own control. All subjects treated have been included into the safety analysis. [see Clinical Studies (14)]

    The data described in Table 5 reflects the exposure to ARTISS in the 4 burn and rhytidectomy surgery trials:

    Table 5

    Trial Population Demographics

    Burn

    Rhytidectomy

    Parameter

    Preliminary Trial

    Confirmatory Trial

    Preliminary Trial

    Confirmatory Trial

    Sample size (N)

    40

    138

    45

    75

    Gender

    F (%) /

    M (%)

    11 (27.5%)

    29 (72.5%)

    44 (31.9%)

    94 (68.1%)

    42 (93.3%)

    3 (6.7%)

    71 (94.7%)

    4 (5.3%)

    Age Range (years)

    6-55

    1-63

    43-70

    40-71

    Volume applied

    (Mean ± SD)

    (Range in mL)

    2.9 ± 1.64

    (Range: 1.0-10.8)

    2.7 ± 1.9

    (Range: 0.2-12.0)

    2.32 ± 0.95

    (Range: 0.80-4.0)

    2.58 ± 1.17

    (Range: 0.60-4.0)

    Adverse reactions in the burn trials occurring in greater than 1% of subjects were skin graft failure (3%), hematoma (1%) and pruritus (1%) [n=178].

    Adverse reactions in the facial rhytidectomy trials occurring in greater than 1% of subjects were hematoma/seroma (4%) [n=120].

    6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

    Air embolism

     
    As with other fibrin sealants, life threatening/fatal air or gas embolism may occur when using devices with pressurized air or gas occurred; this event appears to be related to an inappropriate use of the spray device (e.g. at higher than recommended pressures (21.8-29.0 psi) and/or in close proximity to the tissue surface (10-15 cm)).
  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Oxycellulose containing preparations may reduce the efficacy of ARTISS and should not be used as carrier materials. No interaction studies have been performed.

  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    There are no available data on ARTISS use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk of adverse developmental outcomes. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted. It is also not known whether ARTISS can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Some viruses, such as parvovirus B19, are particularly difficult to remove or inactivate at this time. Parvovirus B19 most seriously affects pregnant women (fetal infection). ARTISS should be given to a pregnant woman only if deemed medically necessary.

    The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations are unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

    Clinical Considerations

    ARTISS use in pregnant woman should be assessed for benefit and risk probability and used when deemed clinically necessary.

    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There are no direct or controlled studies of ARTISS in lactating women. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk, there is no information regarding the effects on the breastfed infant, and the effects on milk production. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when administered to lactating mothers.

    The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for ARTISS and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from ARTISS or from underlying maternal condition.

    8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

    Infertility
    No direct clinical studies have been conducted to evaluate safety and efficacy of ARTISS in infertility. There is limited data from case reports with fibrin sealant use in both male and female infertility. The general outcome from ARTISS use has not indicated the product as a source of safety concern or lack of effectiveness for its labeled indication in these population groups.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    In two clinical trials utilizing ARTISS to adhere autologous skin grafts to surgically prepared wound beds resulting from burns, the efficacy and safety in 38 pediatric subjects (27 subjects ages 1-10 years and 11 subjects ages 11-16 years) were not different from an adult population.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Thirteen subjects aged 65 and older (65-71 years of age) have been treated with ARTISS in facial rhytidectomy clinical trials. Separate evaluations of these subjects were not performed.

  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    To avoid the formation of excess granulation tissue and to ensure gradual absorption of the polymerized fibrin sealant, apply only a thin layer [ Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    ARTISS [Fibrin Sealant (Human)] is a two-component fibrin sealant made from pooled human plasma.

    Sealer Protein Solution

     
    Total protein: 96 -125 mg/mL
    Fibrinogen: 67 - 106 mg/mL
    Fibrinolysis Inhibitor (Synthetic): 2250 - 3750 Kallidinogenase Inhibiting Unit/mL

    Other ingredients include: Human albumin, tri-sodium citrate, histidine, niacinamide, polysorbate 80 and water for injection (WFI).

    Thrombin Solution

     
    Thrombin (Human): 2.5 - 6.5 units/mL1
    Calcium Chloride: 36 - 44 µmol/mL

    Other ingredients include: Human albumin, sodium chloride and water for injection (WFI).

    Sealer Protein (Human)

    Sealer Protein (Human) is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, vapor-heated and solvent/detergent treated preparation made from pooled human plasma. Sealer Protein (Human) is provided as a frozen liquid solution pre-filled into one side of a dual-chambered syringe (1). The active ingredient in Sealer Protein (Human) is fibrinogen. A Fibrinolysis Inhibitor, Aprotinin (Synthetic) is included in the Sealer Protein (Human) component to delay fibrinolysis. Aprotinin (Synthetic) is manufactured by solid phase synthesis from materials completely of non-human/non-animal origin.

    Thrombin (Human)

    Thrombin (Human) is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, vapor-heated and solvent/detergent treated preparation made from pooled human plasma. Thrombin (Human) is provided as a frozen liquid solution pre-filled into one side of a dual-chambered syringe (2).

    Sealer Protein (Human) and Thrombin (Human) are made from pooled human plasma collected at US licensed collection centers. The vapor heat and solvent/detergent treatment steps used in the manufacturing process have been shown to be capable of significant viral reduction. No procedure, however, has been shown to be completely effective in removing viral infectivity from derivatives of human plasma [see Viral Clearance below and Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    Viral Clearance

    The manufacturing procedure includes processing steps designed to further reduce the risk of viral transmission. In particular, vapor heating and solvent/detergent treatment processes are included in the manufacturing of Sealer Protein Concentrate and Thrombin. Validation studies were conducted using samples drawn from manufacturing intermediates for each of the two human plasma derived components. These samples were spiked with stock virus suspensions of known titers followed by further processing under conditions equivalent to those in the respective manufacturing steps. The stock virus suspensions represent HIV, HBV, HCV, HAV and Human Parvovirus B19.

    The virus reduction factors (expressed as log10) of independent manufacturing steps are shown in Table 6 for each of the viruses tested:

    Table 6

    Reduction Factors for Virus Removal and/or Inactivation

    Sealer Protein Component

    Manufacturing Step

    Mean Reduction Factors [log10] of Virus Tested

    HIV-1

    HAV

    BVDV

    PRV

    MMV

    Early Manufacturing Steps

    n.d.

    n.d.

    n.d.

    n.d.

    2.7

    Solvent/Detergent Treatment

    >5.3

    n.d.

    >5.7

    >5.9

    n.d.

    Vapor Heat Treatment

    >5.5

    >5.6

    >5.7

    >6.7

    1.2

    Overall Reduction Factor (ORF)

    >10.8

    >5.6

    >11.4

    >12.6

    3.9

    Reduction Factors for Virus Removal and/or Inactivation

    Thrombin Component

    Mean Reduction Factors [log10] of Virus Tested

    Manufacturing Step

    HIV-1

    HAV

    BVDV

    PRV

    MMV

    Thrombin precursor mass capture

    3.2

    1.5

    1.8

    2.5

    1.2

    Vapor Heat Treatment

    >5.5

    >4.9

    >5.3

    >6.7

    1.0

    Solvent/Detergent Treatment

    >5.3

    n.d.

    >5.5

    >6.4

    n.d.

    Ion Exchange Chromatography

    n.d.

    n.d.

    n.d.

    n.d.

    3.6

    Overall Reduction Factor (ORF)

    >14.0

    >6.4

    >12.6

    >15.6

    5.8

    n.d. = not determined

    HIV-1: Human immunodeficiency virus 1; HAV: Hepatitis A virus; BVDV: Bovine viral diarrhea virus, a model for Hepatitis C virus; PRV: Pseudorabies virus, a model for enveloped DNA viruses, among those Hepatitis B virus; MMV: Mice minute virus, a model for B19V.

    In addition, Human Parvovirus B19 was used to investigate the upstream Thrombin precursor mass capture step, the Sealer Protein early manufacturing steps and the Thrombin and Sealer Protein vapor heating steps. Using quantitative PCR assays, the estimated log reduction factors obtained were 1.7 and 3.4 for the Thrombin precursor mass capture step and Sealer Protein early manufacturing steps and >4 / 1.0 for the Thrombin / Sealer Protein vapor heating steps, respectively.


    1
    The potency expressed in units is determined using a clotting assay against an internal reference standard for potency that has been calibrated against the World Health Organization (WHO) Second International Standard for Thrombin, 01/580. Therefore, a unit is equivalent to an International Unit (IU).
  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Upon mixing Sealer Protein (Human) and Thrombin (Human), the two components mimic the final stage of the blood coagulation cascade. Soluble fibrinogen is transformed into fibrin that adheres to the wound surface and to the skin flap or graft to be affixed. Due to the low thrombin concentration, initial polymerization will take up to 60 seconds. The fibrin clot continues to strengthen for up to 2 hours after application.

    Spray application over the wound bed provides full surface adherence of skin flaps and grafts. Full surface adherence minimizes areas of dead space between the wound bed and applied tissues. Elimination of dead space prevents shear irritation upon movement as well as reduces the void space under the skin that can host fluid build-up.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    Thrombin is a highly specific protease that transforms the fibrinogen contained in Sealer Protein (Human) into fibrin.

    Fibrinolysis Inhibitor, Aprotinin (Synthetic), is a polyvalent protease inhibitor that prevents premature degradation of fibrin. Free Aprotinin and its metabolites have a half-life of 30 to 60 minutes and are eliminated by the kidney. Preclinical studies with different fibrin sealant preparations simulating the fibrinolytic activity generated by extracorporeal circulation in patients during cardiovascular surgery have shown that incorporation of aprotinin in the product formulation increases resistance of the fibrin sealant clot to degradation in a fibrinolytic environment.

  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    Burns (grafts)

    ARTISS was investigated for adherence of split thickness sheet skin grafts in burn patients in a prospective, randomized, controlled, evaluator-blinded, multicenter clinical trials. In each of the 138 patients, two comparable test sites were identified after burn wound excision. Skin grafts were adhered at one test site using ARTISS, and at the other test site using staples (control). The study product was applied once to the wound bed of the allocated test site during skin grafting surgery.

    The mean ± standard deviation (SD) estimated total body surface area (TBSA) for all burn wounds was 13.6 ± 9.2%. The mean ± SD estimated TBSA requiring skin grafting was 8.0 ± 6.9%. The mean ± SD estimated TBSA for ARTISS test sites was 1.7 ± 0.8% and for the stapled test sites was 1.7 ± 0.7%. Burn wound thickness was classified as full thickness in 106 (76.8%) of the 138 treated subjects, and partial thickness in 32 (23.2%) subjects.

    The safety population contained all 138 treated subjects; however, 11 subjects did not have an available primary endpoint assessment, leaving a modified intent-to-treat (ITT) set of 127 patients. Complete wound closure by Day 28 was achieved in 43.3% of the ARTISS test sites and 37.0% of the stapled test sites in the 127 ITT patients. Wound closure at Day 28 was complete at 72% of the ARTISS and staples test sites for the 1-6 years old group (N=18), at 32% of the ARTISS test sites and 26% of the staples test sites for the 7-18 years old group (N=19) and at 40% of the ARTISS test sites and 32% of the staples test sites for the greater then 18 years old group [ITT]. The lower limit of the 97.5% confidence interval of the difference between ARTISS and staples was -0.029. A similar result was obtained in the per protocol (PP) population: complete wound closure by Day 28 was achieved in 45.3% of the ARTISS test sites and 39.6% of the stapled test sites in the 106 PP patients. The lower limit of the 97.5% confidence interval of the difference between ARTISS and staples was -0.041. Therefore, ARTISS was found to be non-inferior to staples in the ITT and PP populations at the 97.5% one-sided level for complete wound closure by Day 28 because the lower limit of the confidence interval of the difference between ARTISS and staples success rates was greater than the predefined limit of -0.1.

    Facial Rhytidectomy (flaps)

    ARTISS was investigated for adherence of skin flaps in facial rhytidectomy surgeries during two prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trials. Both the preliminary trial investigating 45 subjects and the confirmatory trial with 75 subjects had a split-face design in which 1 side of the face was treated with ARTISS as an adjunct to the standard of care (SoC) and the other side received SoC only, which was closure of the flap by means of staples and suturing only; therefore each subject participated in both arms (ARTISS and SoC).

    Primary endpoint of the confirmatory trial conducted in 75 subjects was the total drainage volume collected from each side of the face at 24 h (±4 h) post surgery. Occurrence of hematoma and seroma on each side of the face, comparison of edema between the 2 sides of the face, changes in skin sensitivity from baseline on each side of the face and subject preference were evaluated as secondary endpoints.

    In both trials, a standardized drain was placed in each side of the face prior to the flap closure and drainage volume from both sides of the face from all subjects was compared. Pressure dressings were not allowed.

    The results for the primary endpoint of the confirmatory trial are presented in Table 7a below.

    Table 7a Drainage Volume Comparison at 24 h Post Operative in Confirmatory Trial

    Clinical Trial (n=75)

    Mean ± SD Drainage (mL) ARTISS Side of the Face

    Mean ± SD Drainage (mL) SoC Side of the Face

    p-Value

    Confirmatory trial

    7.7 ± 7.4

    20.0 ± 11.3

    <0.0001

    A statistically significant difference in drainage volumes was observed, favoring the side of the face treated with ARTISS.

    Drainage volumes at 24 h post operatively for each side of the face reported as secondary endpoint in the preliminary trial are presented in Table 7b below.

    Table 7b

    Drainage Volume Comparison at 24 h Post Operative in Preliminary Trial

    Clinical Trial (n=45)

    Mean ± SD Drainage (mL) ARTISS Side of the Face

    Mean ± SD Drainage (mL) SoC Side of the Face

    Preliminary trial

    11.5 ± 13.7

    26.8 ± 24.0

    An integrated analysis of the occurrence of hematoma/seroma in all 120 subjects across two trials was performed. A comparison of the proportion of subjects experiencing a hematoma/seroma exclusively on the ARTISS-treated side or on the SoC side of the face is presented in Table 8 below.

    Table 8 Occurrence of Hematoma/Seroma

    Clinical Trial

    ARTISS

    n (%)

    SoC

    n (%)

    Both Sides of Face

    n (%)

    Total

    n (%)

    Preliminary trial

    0

    9 (20%)

    0

    9 (20%)

    Confirmatory trial

    2 (2.7%)

    5 (6.7%)

    3 (4%)

    10 (13.3%)

  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Table 9

    Pack Size

    Packaging Component

    NDC

    2 mL

    Carton

    0338-8503-02

    Pouch

    0338-8503-01

    4 mL

    Carton

    0338-8503-04

    Pouch

    0338-8503-03

    10 mL

    Carton

    0338-8503-10

    Pouch

    0338-8503-09

    Storage

    Store in original carton to protect from light. Do not use after the expiration date. Discard if packaging of any component is damaged.

    Long term: Store at ≤ -20°C.
    Short term: Room Temperature Thawing: Unopened pouches, thawed at room temperature, may be stored for up to 14 days at room temperature (15°C to 25°C) after removal from the freezer.
    Quick Thawing: Maintain the product at 33°C to 37oC until use. If the product is removed from original pouch or warmed to 33°C to 37oC it must be used within 12 hours.
     
    Do not refrigerate or re-freeze after thawing. Do not microwave.
  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Inform patients that ARTISS is made from human plasma and discuss the risks and benefits with the patient.

    Parvovirus B19 infection may be serious for pregnant women (fetal infection) and for individuals with immunodeficiency or increased red blood cell turnover. Instruct patients to consult their physician if symptoms of B19 virus infection appear (fever, drowsiness, chills and runny nose followed about two weeks later by a rash and joint pain)[seePregnancy (8.1)].

    Manufactured For Baxter Healthcare Corporation

    Deerfield, IL 60015 USA

    US License No. 140

    Baxter, Artiss Easyspray and Tisseel are registered trademarks of Baxter International Inc.

  • PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    Representative 2mL Pouch Label  NDC 0338-8503-01

    2 mL Pouch Label

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS 2 mL

    NDC 0338-8503-01

    Frozen

    Baxter Logo

    Temperature sensitive – Do NOT expose above 37°C (99°F).

    Contents:
    Pre-filled syringe containing:
    – Sealer Protein Solution ➊: 1 mL, sterile
    – Sealer Protein (Human)
    – Fibrinolysis Inhibitor (Aprotinin,
    Synthetic), 3000 KIU/mL
    – Thrombin Solution ➋: 1 mL, sterile
    – Thrombin (Human), 4 units/mL
    – Calcium Chloride, 40 μmol/mL

    TOPICAL USE ONLY
    DO NOT INJECT
    Read directions for thawing and application before use.
    Store at –20°C (–4°F) or colder. Unopened pouches,
    thawed at room temperature, may be stored for up to
    14 days at 15 – 25°C.
    Do not refrigerate, microwave, or re-freeze.
    Rx Only
    Contents were sterilized and
    packaged under aseptic conditions.

    Manufactured for Baxter
    Healthcare Corporation
    Deerfield IL, 60015 USA
    U.S. License No. 140
    0736601

    DMC

    0736601

    0100303388503010

    Lot No.:

    Exp. Date:

    P

    Representative 2mL Carton Label - 1 of 2   NDC 0338-8503-02
    Representative 2mL Carton Label - 2 of 2   NDC 0338-8503-02

    2 mL Carton Label

    0736602

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS

    TOPICAL USE ONLY

    2 mL
    Pre-filled Syringe

    N3 0338-8503-02 7

    NDC 0338-8503-02 7

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS

    TOPICAL USE ONLY

    2 mL
    Pre-filled Syringe

    Contents:

    Pre-filled syringe containing:
    Sealer Protein Solution: 1 mL, sterile

    Sealer Protein (Human)

    Vapor Heated, Solvent/Detergent Treated

    Fibrinolysis Inhibitor (Aprotinin, Synthetic), 30000 KIU/mL

    Thrombin Solution: 1mL, sterile

    Thrombin (Human), 4 units/mL

    Vapor Heated, Solvent/Detergent Treated

    Calcium Chloride, 40 µmol/mL

    TOPICAL USE ONLY
    DO NOT INJECT

    Do not use on individuals with a known hypersensitivity to aprotinin
    and/or any of the active substances or excipients.

    The risks and benefits of this product should be discussed with the
    patient.

    Read full prescribing information before use.

    Store at –20°C (–4°F) or colder.

    Unopened pouches, thawed at room temperature, may be stored for
    up to 14 days at 15 – 25°C.

    Do not refrigerate, microwave, or re-freeze.

    For single use only

    No preservative

    Not made with natural rubber latex

    Rx only

    Baxter Logo

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS

    TOPICAL USE ONLY

    2 mL
    Pre-filled Syringe

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS

    TOPICAL USE ONLY

    736602

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS

    TOPICAL USE ONLY

    2 mL
    Pre-filled Syringe

    2 mL
    Pre-filled Syringe

    NDC 0338-8503-02

    Fibrin Sealant (Human)
    ARTISS

    TOPICAL USE ONLY

    2 mL
    Pre-filled Syringe

    Vapor Heated, Solvent/Detergent Treated, Frozen

    TOPICAL USE ONLY
    DO NOT INJECT

    Manufactured for Baxter Healthcare Corporation
    Deerfield, IL 60015 USA
    1-888-229-0001

    U.S. License No. 140
    Made in Austria

    Reorder Number: 1501651

    Baxter and Artiss are trademarks of Baxter
    International Inc.

    Baxter Logo

    Representative DUO Set A 2 mL 4 mL Label

    DUO Set A 2 ml / 4 ml Label

    Baxter Logo

    DUO Set A 2 ml / 4 ml

    Indications for Use:
    For the application of ARTISS Fibrin Sealant

    For single use only. Not made with natural rubber latex.
    Do not reuse or resterilize. Sterilized by gamma radiation.
    Sterile and non-pyrogenic in unopened and undamaged package.
    Rx Only.

    Manufactured for:
    Baxter Healthcare Corporation
    One Baxter Parkway
    Deerfield, IL 60015 USA

    Made in Belgium

    Lot No.
    Exp. Date:

    REF

    BE-90-01-042

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    ARTISS  FIBRIN SEALANT
    fibrinogen human, human thrombin solution
    Product Information
    Product TypePLASMA DERIVATIVEItem Code (Source)NDC:0338-8503
    Route of AdministrationTOPICAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    FIBRINOGEN HUMAN (UNII: N94833051K) (FIBRINOGEN HUMAN - UNII:N94833051K) FIBRINOGEN HUMAN90 mg  in 1 mL
    HUMAN THROMBIN (UNII: 6K15ABL77G) (HUMAN THROMBIN - UNII:6K15ABL77G) HUMAN THROMBIN4 [iU]  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    APROTININ (UNII: 04XPW8C0FL)  
    CALCIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: M4I0D6VV5M)  
    ALBUMIN HUMAN (UNII: ZIF514RVZR)  
    TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE (UNII: B22547B95K)  
    HISTIDINE (UNII: 4QD397987E)  
    NIACINAMIDE (UNII: 25X51I8RD4)  
    POLYSORBATE 80 (UNII: 6OZP39ZG8H)  
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:0338-8503-021 in 1 CARTON
    1NDC:0338-8503-012 mL in 1 SYRINGE, PLASTIC; Type 3: Prefilled Biologic Delivery Device/System (syringe, patch, etc.)
    2NDC:0338-8503-041 in 1 CARTON
    2NDC:0338-8503-034 mL in 1 SYRINGE, PLASTIC; Type 3: Prefilled Biologic Delivery Device/System (syringe, patch, etc.)
    3NDC:0338-8503-101 in 1 CARTON
    3NDC:0338-8503-0910 mL in 1 SYRINGE, PLASTIC; Type 3: Prefilled Biologic Delivery Device/System (syringe, patch, etc.)
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    BLABLA12526603/19/2008
    Labeler - Baxter Healthcare Corporation (005083209)
    Establishment
    NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
    Baxter Aktiengesellschaft300434671MANUFACTURE(0338-8503)
    Establishment
    NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
    Baxter Aktiengesellschaft300466733ANALYSIS(0338-8503)