Label: NUCARARXPAK- clindamycin phosphate,benzoyl peroxide,cetaphil kit
- NDC Code(s): 0168-0202-30, 0299-4930-02, 45802-101-96, 70859-050-01
- Packager: NuCare Pharmaceuticals,Inc.
- Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
- DEA Schedule: None
- Marketing Status: unapproved drug other
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Updated July 28, 2021
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- SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION
Clindamycin Phosphate Topical Solution and Clindamycin Phosphate Lotion (Clindamycin Phosphate Topical Suspension USP, 1%) contain clindamycin phosphate, USP, at a concentration equivalent to 10 mg clindamycin per milliliter. Clindamycin Phosphate Gel contains clindamycin phosphate, USP, at a concentration equivalent to 10 mg clindamycin per gram. Clindamycin phosphate is a water soluble ester of the semi-synthetic antibiotic produced by a 7(S)-chloro-substitution of the 7(R)-hydroxyl group of the parent antibiotic lincomycin.
The solution contains isopropyl alcohol 50% v/v, propylene glycol, and purified water.
The gel contains allantoin, carbomer 974P, methylparaben, polyethylene glycol 400, propylene glycol, sodium hydroxide, and purified water.
The lotion contains cetostearyl alcohol (2.5%); glycerin; glyceryl stearate SE (with potassium monostearate); isostearyl alcohol (2.5%); methylparaben (0.3%); sodium lauroyl sarcosinate; stearic acid; and purified water.
The structural formula is represented below:
The chemical name for clindamycin phosphate is Methyl 7-chloro-6,7,8-trideoxy-6-(1-methyl- trans-4-propyl-L-2-pyrrolidinecarboxamido)-1-thio-L- threo-α-D- galacto-octopyranoside 2-(dihydrogen phosphate).
Mechanism of Action
The mechanism of action of clindamycin in treating acne vulgaris is unknown.
Following multiple topical applications of clindamycin phosphate at a concentration equivalent to 10 mg clindamycin per mL in an isopropyl alcohol and water solution, very low levels of clindamycin are present in the serum (0 to 3 ng/mL) and less than 0.2% of the dose is recovered in urine as clindamycin.
Although clindamycin phosphate is inactive in vitro, rapid in vivo hydrolysis converts this compound to the antibacterially active clindamycin.
Clindamycin inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 23S RNA of the 50S subunit of the ribosome. Clindamycin is bacteriostatic.
Clindamycin is active in vitro against most isolates of Propionibacterium acnes; however, the clinical significance is unknown.
Resistance to clindamycin is most often caused by modification of specific bases of the 23S ribosomal RNA. Cross-resistance between clindamycin and lincomycin is complete. Because the binding sites for these antibacterial drugs overlap, cross resistance is sometimes observed among lincosamides, macrolides and streptogramin B. Macrolide-inducible resistance to clindamycin occurs in some isolates of macrolide-resistant bacteria .
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Clindamycin Phosphate Topical Solution, Clindamycin Phosphate Gel, and Clindamycin Phosphate Lotion are indicated in the treatment of acne vulgaris. In view of the potential for diarrhea, bloody diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis, the physician should consider whether other agents are more appropriate. (See CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS and ADVERSE REACTIONS.)
Clindamycin Phosphate Topical Solution, Clindamycin Phosphate Gel, and Clindamycin Phosphate Lotion are contraindicated in individuals with a history of hypersensitivity to preparations containing clindamycin or lincomycin, a history of regional enteritis or ulcerative colitis, or a history of antibiotic-associated colitis.
Orally and parenterally administered clindamycin has been associated with severe colitis which may result in patient death. Use of the topical formulation of clindamycin results in absorption of the antibiotic from the skin surface. Diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, and colitis (including pseudomembranous colitis) have been reported with the use of topical and systemic clindamycin.
Studies indicate a toxin(s) produced by clostridia is one primary cause of antibiotic-associated colitis. The colitis is usually characterized by severe persistent diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps and may be associated with the passage of blood and mucus. Endoscopic examination may reveal pseudomembranous colitis. Stool culture for Clostridium difficile and stool assay for C. difficile toxin may be helpful diagnostically.
When significant diarrhea occurs, the drug should be discontinued. Large bowel endoscopy should be considered to establish a definitive diagnosis in cases of severe diarrhea.
Antiperistaltic agents such as opiates and diphenoxylate with atropine may prolong and/or worsen the condition. Vancomycin has been found to be effective in the treatment of antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis produced by Clostridium difficile. The usual adult dosage is 500 mg to 2 grams of vancomycin orally per day in three to four divided doses administered for 7 to 10 days.
Cholestyramine or colestipol resins bind vancomycin in vitro. If both a resin and vancomycin are to be administered concurrently, it may be advisable to separate the time of administration of each drug.
Diarrhea, colitis, and pseudomembranous colitis have been observed to begin up to several weeks following cessation of oral and parenteral therapy with clindamycin.
Clindamycin Phosphate Topical Solution contains an alcohol base which will cause burning and irritation of the eye. In the event of accidental contact with sensitive surfaces (eye, abraded skin, mucous membranes), bathe with copious amounts of cool tap water. The solution has an unpleasant taste and caution should be exercised when applying medication around the mouth.
Clindamycin phosphate should be prescribed with caution in atopic individuals.
Clindamycin has been shown to have neuromuscular blocking properties that may enhance the action of other neuromuscular blocking agents. Therefore it should be used with caution in patients receiving such agents.
In clinical trials with pregnant women, the systemic administration of clindamycin during the second and third trimesters, has not been associated with an increased frequency of congenital abnormalities. There are no adequate studies in pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Clindamycin should be used during the first trimester of pregnancy only if clearly needed.
It is not known whether clindamycin is excreted in human milk following use of clindamycin phosphate. However, orally and parenterally administered clindamycin has been reported to appear in breast milk.
Clindamycin has the potential to cause adverse effects on the breastfed infant's gastrointestinal flora. If oral or intravenous clindamycin is required by a nursing mother, it is not a reason to discontinue breastfeeding, but an alternate drug may be preferred. Monitor the infant for possible adverse effects on the gastrointestinal flora, such as diarrhea, candidiasis (thrush, diaper rash) or rarely, blood in the stool indicating possible antibiotic-associated colitis.
The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for clindamycin and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from clindamycin or from the underlying maternal condition.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients under the age of 12 have not been established.
Clinical studies for topical Clindamycin products did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.
In 18 clinical studies of various formulations of clindamycin phosphate using placebo vehicle and/or active comparator drugs as controls, patients experienced a number of treatment emergent adverse dermatologic events [see table below].
Number of Patients Reporting Events # not recorded * of 126 subjects
Orally and parenterally administered clindamycin has been associated with severe colitis which may end fatally.
Cases of diarrhea, bloody diarrhea and colitis (including pseudomembranous colitis) have been reported as adverse reactions in patients treated with oral and parenteral formulations of clindamycin and rarely with topical clindamycin. (see WARNINGS.)
Abdominal pain, gastrointestinal disturbances, gram-negative folliculitis, eye pain and contact dermatitis have also been reported in association with the use of topical formulations of clindamycin.
Topically applied clindamycin phosphate can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects. (see WARNINGS.)
- DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Clindamycin Phosphate Gel, USP 1% containing clindamycin phosphate equivalent to 10 mg clindamycin per gram is available in the following sizes:
30 gram tube NDC 0168-0202-30
Store at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP]. Protect from freezing.
E. FOUGERA & CO.
A division of Fougera Pharmaceuticals Inc.
MELVILLE, NEW YORK 11747
- BENZOYL PEROXIDE (45802-101-96)
- ACTIVE INGREDIENT
- DO NOT USE
WHEN USING THIS PRODUCT
- skin irritation and dryness is more likely to occur if you use another topical acne medication at the same time. If irritation occurs, only use one topical acne medication at a time.
- avoid unnecessary sun exposure and use a sunscreen
- avoid contact with the eyes, lips, and mouth
- avoid contact with hair and dyed fabrics, which may be bleached by this product
- skin irritation may occur, characterized by redness, burning, itching, peeling, or possibly swelling. Irritation may be reduced by using the product less frequently or in a lower concentration.
- STOP USE AND ASK A DOCTOR IF
- KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
- Sensitivity Test for a New User. Apply product sparingly to one or two small affected areas during the first 3 days. If no discomfort occurs, follow the directions stated below.
- clean the skin thoroughly before applying this product
- cover the entire affected area with a thin layer one to three times daily
because excessive drying of the skin may occur, start with one application daily, then gradually increase to two or three times daily if needed or as directed by a doctor
- if bothersome dryness or peeling occurs, reduce application to once a day or every other day
- if going outside, apply sunscreen after using this product. If irritation or sensitivity develops, stop use of both products and ask a doctor.
- OTHER INFORMATION
- INACTIVE INGREDIENTS
- QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?
- ACTIVE INGREDIENTS
Skin Cancer/Skin Aging Alert:
Spending time in the sun increases your risk of skin cancer and early aging. This product has been shown to help prevent sunburn, not skin cancer or early aging.
For external use only.
Do not use on damaged or broken skin.
Stop use and ask a doctor if rash occurs.
When using this product keep out of eyes. Rinse with water to remove.
Keep out of reach of children. If swallowed, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away.
Water, Propylene Glycol, Glycerin, Dimethicone, VP/Eicosene Copolymer, Cyclomethicone, Stearic Acid, Dimethiconol, Potassium Cetyl Phosphate, Glyceryl Stearate, PEG-100 Stearate, Aluminum Hydroxide, Disodium EDTA, Tocopherol, Triethanolamine, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylparaben, Chlorphenesin, Cetyl Alcohol, Carbomer, Methylparaben, Xanthan Gum
- OTHER INFORMATION
- CETAPHIL DAILY FACIAL MOISTURIZER (0299-4930-02)
- CLINDAMYCIN PHOSPHATE GEL 30 g(0168-0202-30)
- BENZOYL PEROXIDE 60g (45802-101-96)
- CETAPHIL DAILY FACIAL MOISTURIZER 50mL (0299-4930-02)
- NuCaraRXPAK (70859-050-01)
INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
clindamycin phosphate,benzoyl peroxide,cetaphil kit
Product Information Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:70859-050 Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:70859-050-01 1 in 1 KIT 06/10/2019 Quantity of Parts Part # Package Quantity Total Product Quantity Part 1 1 TUBE 30 g Part 2 1 TUBE 60 g Part 3 1 TUBE 50 mL Part 1 of 3 CLINDAMYCIN PHOSPHATE
clindamycin phosphate gel
Product Information Item Code (Source) NDC:0168-0202 Route of Administration TOPICAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength CLINDAMYCIN PHOSPHATE (UNII: EH6D7113I8) (CLINDAMYCIN - UNII:3U02EL437C) CLINDAMYCIN 10 mg in 1 g Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ) SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I) CARBOMER HOMOPOLYMER TYPE B (ALLYL PENTAERYTHRITOL CROSSLINKED) (UNII: HHT01ZNK31) METHYLPARABEN (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T) WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3) ALLANTOIN (UNII: 344S277G0Z) Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:0168-0202-30 1 in 1 CARTON 1 30 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date ANDA ANDA064160 06/28/2000 Part 2 of 3 BENZOYL PEROXIDE
benzoyl peroxide gel
Product Information Item Code (Source) NDC:45802-101 Route of Administration TOPICAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength BENZOYL PEROXIDE (UNII: W9WZN9A0GM) (BENZOYL PEROXIDE - UNII:W9WZN9A0GM) BENZOYL PEROXIDE 2.5 g in 100 g Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength POLOXAMER 182 (UNII: JX0HIX6OAG) WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4) METHYLPARABEN (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T) EDETATE DISODIUM (UNII: 7FLD91C86K) GLYCERIN (UNII: PDC6A3C0OX) DIMETHICONE (UNII: 92RU3N3Y1O) SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I) DISODIUM LAURYL SULFOSUCCINATE (UNII: P160Q81342) Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:45802-101-96 1 in 1 CARTON 1 60 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date OTC monograph final part333D 03/13/2012 Part 3 of 3 CETAPHIL DAILY FACIAL MOISTURIZER WITH SUNCREEN SPF 50
octinoxate, octisalate, octocrylene, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide lotion
Product Information Item Code (Source) NDC:0299-4930 Route of Administration TOPICAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength OCTISALATE (UNII: 4X49Y0596W) (OCTISALATE - UNII:4X49Y0596W) OCTISALATE 50 mg in 1 mL OCTOCRYLENE (UNII: 5A68WGF6WM) (OCTOCRYLENE - UNII:5A68WGF6WM) OCTOCRYLENE 70 mg in 1 mL TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP) (TITANIUM DIOXIDE - UNII:15FIX9V2JP) TITANIUM DIOXIDE 57 mg in 1 mL OXYBENZONE (UNII: 95OOS7VE0Y) (OXYBENZONE - UNII:95OOS7VE0Y) OXYBENZONE 60 mg in 1 mL OCTINOXATE (UNII: 4Y5P7MUD51) (OCTINOXATE - UNII:4Y5P7MUD51) OCTINOXATE 75 mg in 1 mL Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength CHLORPHENESIN (UNII: I670DAL4SZ) ETHYLPARABEN (UNII: 14255EXE39) DIMETHICONE (UNII: 92RU3N3Y1O) STEARIC ACID (UNII: 4ELV7Z65AP) PHENOXYETHANOL (UNII: HIE492ZZ3T) ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 5QB0T2IUN0) XANTHAN GUM (UNII: TTV12P4NEE) VINYLPYRROLIDONE/EICOSENE COPOLYMER (UNII: 035MV9S1C3) PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3) METHYLPARABEN (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T) CARBOMER COPOLYMER TYPE B (ALLYL PENTAERYTHRITOL CROSSLINKED) (UNII: 809Y72KV36) CETYL ALCOHOL (UNII: 936JST6JCN) CYCLOMETHICONE (UNII: NMQ347994Z) WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) POTASSIUM CETYL PHOSPHATE (UNII: 03KCY6P7UT) GLYCERIN (UNII: PDC6A3C0OX) GLYCERYL MONOSTEARATE (UNII: 230OU9XXE4) TOCOPHEROL (UNII: R0ZB2556P8) PEG-100 STEARATE (UNII: YD01N1999R) DIMETHICONOL (40 CST) (UNII: 343C7U75XW) EDETATE DISODIUM (UNII: 7FLD91C86K) TROLAMINE (UNII: 9O3K93S3TK) Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:0299-4930-02 1 in 1 CARTON 1 50 mL in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date OTC monograph final part352 01/01/2012 Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date unapproved drug other 01/28/2000 Labeler - NuCare Pharmaceuticals,Inc. (010632300) Establishment Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations NuCare Pharmaceuticals,Inc. 010632300 manufacture(70859-050)