Label: APRETUDE- cabotegravir kit

  • NDC Code(s): 49702-238-03, 49702-264-23
  • Packager: ViiV Healthcare Company
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL

Drug Label Information

Updated December 20, 2021

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use APRETUDE safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for APRETUDE.

    APRETUDE (cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension), for intramuscular use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2021

    WARNING: RISK OF DRUG RESISTANCE WITH USE
    OF APRETUDE FOR HIV-1 PRE-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS (PrEP) IN UNDIAGNOSED HIV-1 INFECTION

    See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

    Individuals must be tested for HIV-1 infection prior to initiating APRETUDE or oral cabotegravir, and with each subsequent injection of APRETUDE, using a test approved or cleared by the FDA for the diagnosis of acute or primary HIV-1 infection. Drug-resistant HIV-1 variants have been identified with use of APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP by individuals with undiagnosed HIV-1 infection. Do not initiate APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP unless negative infection status is confirmed. Individuals who become infected with HIV-1 while receiving APRETUDE for PrEP must transition to a complete HIV-1 treatment regimen. (2.2, 4, 5.1)

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    APRETUDE is an HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) indicated in at-risk adults and adolescents weighing at least 35 kg for PrEP to reduce the risk of sexually acquired HIV-1 infection. Individuals must have a negative HIV-1 test prior to initiating APRETUDE (with or without an oral lead-in with oral cabotegravir) for HIV-1 PrEP. (1)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    HIV-1 Screening: Screen all individuals for HIV-1 infection immediately prior to initiating APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP and prior to each injection while taking APRETUDE. (2.2)
    Prior to initiating APRETUDE, an oral lead-in dosing may be used for approximately 1 month with the recommended dosage to assess the tolerability of APRETUDE. (2.4)
    For gluteal intramuscular injection only. (2.5, 2.6)
    Recommended Dosing Schedule: Initiate APRETUDE with a single 600 mg (3-mL) injection given 1 month apart for 2 consecutive months on the last day of an oral lead-in if used or within 3 days and continue with the injections every 2 months thereafter. (2.5)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Injection: Single-dose vial of 600 mg/3 mL (200 mg/mL) of cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension. (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Unknown or positive HIV-1 status. (4)
    Previous hypersensitivity reaction to cabotegravir. (4)
    Coadministration with drugs where significant decreases in cabotegravir plasma concentrations may occur. (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    Comprehensive management to reduce the risk of HIV-1 acquisition. (5.1)
    Potential risk of developing resistance to APRETUDE if an individual acquires HIV-1 either before or while taking APRETUDE or following discontinuation of APRETUDE. Reassess risk of HIV-1 acquisition and test before each injection to confirm HIV-1 negative status. (5.2)
    Residual concentrations of cabotegravir may remain in the systemic circulation of individuals up to 12 months or longer. (5.3)
    Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported in association with other integrase inhibitors. Discontinue APRETUDE immediately if signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions develop. (5.4)
    Hepatotoxicity has been reported in patients receiving cabotegravir. Clinical and laboratory monitoring should be considered. Discontinue APRETUDE if hepatotoxicity is suspected. (5.5)
    Depressive disorders have been reported with APRETUDE. Prompt evaluation is recommended for depressive symptoms. (5.6)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common adverse reactions (all grades) observed in at least 1% of subjects receiving APRETUDE were injection site reactions, diarrhea, headache, pyrexia, fatigue, sleep disorders, nausea, dizziness, flatulence, abdominal pain, vomiting, myalgia, rash, decreased appetite, somnolence, back pain, and upper respiratory tract infection. (6.1)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact ViiV Healthcare at 1-877-844-8872 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Refer to the full prescribing information for important drug interactions with APRETUDE. (4, 5.7, 7)
    Drugs that induce uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1) may significantly decrease plasma concentrations of cabotegravir. (4, 7.2, 7.3)

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    Lactation: Assess the benefit-risk of using APRETUDE to the infant while breastfeeding due to the potential for adverse reactions and residual concentrations in the systemic circulation for up to 12 months or longer after discontinuation. (8.2)
    Pediatrics: Not recommended in individuals weighing <35 kg. (8.4)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and FDA-approved patient labeling.

    Revised: 12/2021

  • Table of Contents

    FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Dosage and Administration Overview

    2.2 HIV-1 Screening for Individuals Receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP

    2.3 Adherence to APRETUDE

    2.4 Optional Oral Lead-in Dosing to Assess Tolerability of APRETUDE

    2.5 Gluteal Intramuscular Injection Dosing with APRETUDE

    2.6 Recommended Dosing Schedule for Missed Injections

    2.7 Administration Instructions

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Comprehensive Management to Reduce the Risk of HIV-1 Infection

    5.2 Potential Risk of Resistance with APRETUDE

    5.3 Long-Acting Properties and Potential Associated Risks with APRETUDE

    5.4 Hypersensitivity Reactions

    5.5 Hepatotoxicity

    5.6 Depressive Disorders

    5.7 Risk of Reduced Drug Concentration of APRETUDE Due to Drug Interactions

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Use of Other Antiretroviral Drugs after Discontinuation of APRETUDE

    7.2 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect APRETUDE

    7.3 Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions

    7.4 Drugs without Clinically Significant Interactions with Cabotegravir

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    8.2 Lactation

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    8.6 Renal Impairment

    8.7 Hepatic Impairment

    10 OVERDOSAGE

    11 DESCRIPTION

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    12.4 Microbiology

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Clinical Trials in Adults for HIV-1 Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
  • BOXED WARNING (What is this?)

    WARNING: RISK OF DRUG RESISTANCE WITH USE OF APRETUDE FOR HIV-1 PRE-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS (PrEP) IN UNDIAGNOSED HIV-1 INFECTION

    Individuals must be tested for HIV-1 infection prior to initiating APRETUDE or oral cabotegravir, and with each subsequent injection of APRETUDE, using a test approved or cleared by the FDA for the diagnosis of acute or primary HIV-1 infection. Drug-resistant HIV-1 variants have been identified with use of APRETUDE by individuals with undiagnosed HIV-1 infection. Do not initiate APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP unless negative infection status is confirmed. Individuals who become infected with HIV-1 while receiving APRETUDE for PrEP must transition to a complete HIV-1 treatment regimen [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    APRETUDE is indicated in at-risk adults and adolescents weighing at least 35 kg for pre‑exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the risk of sexually acquired HIV-1 infection. Individuals must have a negative HIV-1 test prior to initiating APRETUDE (with or without an oral lead-in with oral cabotegravir) for HIV-1 PrEP [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4), Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Dosage and Administration Overview

    APRETUDE contains cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension in a single-dose vial [see Dosage Forms and Strengths (3)].
    APRETUDE must be administered by a healthcare provider by gluteal intramuscular injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)].
    APRETUDE may be initiated with oral cabotegravir prior to the intramuscular injections or the patient may proceed directly to injection of APRETUDE without an oral lead-in [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

    2.2 HIV-1 Screening for Individuals Receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP

    Individuals must be tested for HIV-1 infection prior to initiating APRETUDE or oral cabotegravir, and with each subsequent injection of APRETUDE, using a test approved or cleared by the FDA for the diagnosis of acute or primary HIV-1 infection. If an antigen/antibody-specific test is used and provides negative results, then such negative results should be confirmed using an RNA-specific assay, even if the results of the RNA-assay are available after APRETUDE or oral cabotegravir administration [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    2.3 Adherence to APRETUDE

    Prior to starting APRETUDE, healthcare providers should carefully select individuals who agree to the required injection dosing and testing schedule and counsel individuals about the importance of adherence to scheduled dosing visits to help reduce the risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection and development of resistance [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Microbiology (12.4)].

    2.4 Optional Oral Lead-in Dosing to Assess Tolerability of APRETUDE

    The healthcare provider and individual may decide to use an oral lead-in with oral cabotegravir prior to the initiation of APRETUDE to assess the tolerability of cabotegravir or the healthcare provider and individual may proceed directly to injection of APRETUDE without the use of an oral lead-in [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].

    No safety and efficacy data are available for use of APRETUDE without an oral lead-in [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. However, in HIV-1 treatment clinical trials, data show that an oral lead-in is not needed to ensure adequate plasma cabotegravir exposure upon initiation of injections and that the safety and efficacy results of CABENUVA (cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension; rilpivirine extended-release injectable suspension) were similar when administered with and without an oral lead-in.

    2.5 Gluteal Intramuscular Injection Dosing with APRETUDE

    Initiation Injections

    If an oral lead-in is used, initiation injections should be administered on the last day of oral lead‑in or within 3 days thereafter. The recommended initiation injection doses of APRETUDE in individuals is a single 600‑mg (3-mL) intramuscular injection of APRETUDE given 1 month apart for 2 consecutive months (Table 1 and Table 2). Individuals may be given the second APRETUDE initiation injection up to 7 days before or after the date the individual is scheduled to receive the injections.

    Continuation Injections

    After the 2 initiation injection doses given consecutively 1 month apart, the recommended continuation injection dose of APRETUDE is a single 600-mg (3-mL) intramuscular injection of APRETUDE every 2 months (Table 2). Individuals may be given APRETUDE up to 7 days before or after the date the individual is scheduled to receive the injections.

    Table 1. Recommended Dosing Schedule (with Oral Lead-in) for Pre‑exposure Prophylaxis in Adults and Adolescents Weighing at Least 35 kg
    a Should be administered on the last day of oral lead-in or within 3 days thereafter.
    b Individuals may be given APRETUDE up to 7 days before or after the date the individual is scheduled to receive the injections.

    Oral Lead-in
    (at Least 28 Days)

    Intramuscular (Gluteal)
    Initiation Injection
    (Month 2 and Month 3)

    Intramuscular (Gluteal) Continuation Injection
    (Month 5 and
    Every 2 Months Onwards)

    Oral cabotegravir 30 mg by mouth once daily for 28 days

    APRETUDEa

    600 mg (3 mL)

    APRETUDEb

    600 mg (3 mL)

    Table 2. Recommended Dosing Schedule (Direct to Injection) for Pre‑exposure Prophylaxis in Adults and Adolescents Weighing at Least 35 kg
    a Individuals may be given APRETUDE up to 7 days before or after the date the individual is scheduled to receive the injections.

    Intramuscular (Gluteal)
    Initiation Injection
    (Month 1 and Month 2)

    Intramuscular (Gluteal)
    Continuation Injection
    (Month 4 and Every 2 Months Onwards)

    APRETUDEa

    600 mg (3 mL)

    APRETUDEa

    600 mg (3 mL)

    2.6 Recommended Dosing Schedule for Missed Injections

    Adherence to the injection dosing schedule is strongly recommended. Individuals who miss a scheduled injection visit should be clinically reassessed to ensure resumption of APRETUDE remains appropriate [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)]. Refer to Table 3 for dosing recommendations after missed injections.

    Planned Missed Injections

    If an individual plans to miss a scheduled every-2-month continuation injection visit by more than 7 days, take daily oral cabotegravir for a duration of up to 2 months to replace 1 missed scheduled every-2-month injection. The recommended oral daily dose is one 30-mg tablet of oral cabotegravir. The first dose of oral PrEP should be taken approximately 2 months after the last injection dose of APRETUDE. Restart injection with APRETUDE on the day oral dosing completes or within 3 days; thereafter, as recommended in Table 3. For oral PrEP durations greater than 2 months, an alternative oral regimen is recommended.

    Unplanned Missed Injections

    If a scheduled injection visit is missed or delayed by more than 7 days and oral dosing has not been taken in the interim, clinically reassess the individual to determine if resumption of injection dosing remains appropriate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. If the injection dosing schedule will be continued, see Table 3 for dosing recommendations.

    Table 3. Injection Dosing Recommendations after Missed Injections

    Time since Last Injection

    Recommendation

    If second injection is missed and time since first injection is:

    Less than or equal to 2 months

    Administer 600-mg (3-mL) gluteal intramuscular injection of APRETUDE as soon as possible, then continue to follow the every-2-month injection dosing schedule.

    Greater than 2 months

    Restart with 600-mg (3-mL) gluteal intramuscular injection of APRETUDE, followed by a second 600-mg (3-mL) initiation injection dose 1 month later. Then continue to follow the every-2-month injection dosing schedule thereafter.

    If third or subsequent injection is missed and time since prior injection is:

    Less than or equal to 3 months

    Administer 600-mg (3-mL) intramuscular injection of APRETUDE as soon as possible, then continue with the every-2-month injection dosing schedule.

    Greater than 3 months

    Restart with 600-mg (3-mL) gluteal intramuscular injection of APRETUDE, followed by the second 600-mg (3-mL) initiation injection dose 1 month later. Then continue with the every-2-month injection dosing schedule thereafter.

    2.7 Administration Instructions

    Refer to the Instructions for Use for complete administration instructions with illustrations.

    APRETUDE is a suspension for gluteal intramuscular injection that does not need further dilution or reconstitution.

    The ventrogluteal site is recommended for injection. A dorsogluteal approach (upper outer quadrant) is acceptable, if preferred by the healthcare professional. Do not administer by any other route or anatomical site. Consider the body mass index (BMI) of the individual to ensure that the needle length is sufficient to reach the gluteus muscle. Longer needle lengths (not included in the dosing kit) may be required for individuals with higher BMI (e.g., >30 kg/m2) to ensure that the injection is administered intramuscularly as opposed to subcutaneously.

    Store APRETUDE at 2°C to 25°C (36°F to 77°F) in the original carton until ready to use. Exposure up to 30°C (86°F) permitted. Do not freeze.

    If the pack has been stored in the refrigerator, the vial should be brought to room temperature prior to administration (not to exceed 30°C [86°F]).

    Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. The APRETUDE vial has a brown tint to the glass that may limit visual inspection. Discard the vial if the medicine exhibits particulate matter or discoloration.

    Shake the vial vigorously so that the suspension looks uniform before injecting. Small air bubbles are expected and acceptable.

    Once the suspension has been drawn into the syringe, the injection should be administered as soon as possible, but may remain in the syringe for up to 2 hours. The filled syringe should not be placed in the refrigerator. If the medicine remains in the syringe for more than 2 hours, the filled syringe and needle must be discarded [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16)].

  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Injection: Single-dose vial containing 600 mg/3 mL (200 mg/mL) of cabotegravir as a white to light pink, free-flowing, extended-release injectable suspension.

  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    APRETUDE is contraindicated in individuals:

    with unknown or positive HIV-1 status [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)].
    with previous hypersensitivity reaction to cabotegravir [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
    receiving the following coadministered drugs for which significant decreases in cabotegravir plasma concentrations may occur due to uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1) [see Drug Interactions (7.2, 7.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]:
    Anticonvulsants: Carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin
    Antimycobacterials: Rifampin, rifapentine
  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Comprehensive Management to Reduce the Risk of HIV-1 Infection

    Use APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP to reduce the risk of HIV-1 infection as part of a comprehensive prevention strategy including adherence to the administration schedule and safer sex practices, including condoms, to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). APRETUDE is not always effective in preventing HIV-1 acquisition [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. The time from initiation of APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP to maximal protection against HIV-1 infection is unknown.

    Risk for HIV-1 acquisition includes behavioral, biological, or epidemiologic factors including, but not limited to, condomless sex, past or current STIs, self-identified HIV risk, having sexual partners of unknown HIV-1 viremic status, or sexual activity in a high prevalence area or network.

    Counsel individuals on the use of other prevention measures (e.g., consistent and correct condom use; knowledge of partner(s)’ HIV-1 status, including viral suppression status; regular testing for STIs that can facilitate HIV-1 transmission). Inform individuals about and support their efforts in reducing sexual risk behavior.

    Use APRETUDE to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV-1 only in individuals confirmed to be HIV‑1 negative [see Contraindications (4)]. HIV-1 resistance substitutions may emerge in individuals with undiagnosed HIV‑1 infection who are taking only APRETUDE, because APRETUDE alone does not constitute a complete regimen for HIV-1 treatment [see Microbiology (12.4)]; therefore, care should be taken to minimize the risk of initiating or continuing APRETUDE before confirming the individual is HIV-1 negative.

    Prior to initiating APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP, ask seronegative individuals about recent (in past month) potential exposure events (e.g., condomless sex or condom breaking during sex with a partner of unknown HIV-1 status or unknown viremic status, a recent STI), and evaluate for current or recent signs or symptoms consistent with acute HIV-1 infection (e.g., fever, fatigue, myalgia, skin rash).
    If recent (<1 month) exposures to HIV-1 are suspected or clinical symptoms consistent with acute HIV-1 infection are present, use a test approved or cleared by the FDA as an aid in the diagnosis of acute or primary HIV-1 infection.

    When using APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP, HIV-1 testing should be repeated prior to each injection and upon diagnosis of any other STIs [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.5)].

    If an HIV-1 test indicates possible HIV-1 infection, or if symptoms consistent with acute HIV-1 infection develop following an exposure event, additional HIV testing to determine HIV status is needed. If an individual has confirmed HIV-1 infection, then the individual must be transitioned to a complete HIV-1 treatment regimen.

    Counsel HIV-1 uninfected individuals to strictly adhere to the recommended dosing and testing schedule for APRETUDE in order to reduce the risk of HIV-1 acquisition and the potential development of resistance [see Dosage and Administration (2.3, 2.5), Microbiology (12.4)]. Some individuals, such as adolescents, may benefit from frequent visits and counseling to support adherence to the dosing and testing schedule [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4), Microbiology (12.4), Clinical Studies (14)].

    5.2 Potential Risk of Resistance with APRETUDE

    There is a potential risk of developing resistance to APRETUDE if an individual acquires HIV-1 either before or while taking APRETUDE or following discontinuation of APRETUDE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3)].

    To minimize this risk, it is essential to clinically reassess individuals for risk of HIV-1 acquisition and to test before each injection to confirm HIV-1 negative status. Individuals who are confirmed to have HIV-1 infection must transition to a complete HIV-1 treatment regimen.

    Alternative forms of PrEP should be considered following discontinuation of APRETUDE for those individuals at continuing risk of HIV-1 acquisition and initiated within 2 months of the final injection of APRETUDE.

    5.3 Long-Acting Properties and Potential Associated Risks with APRETUDE

    Residual concentrations of cabotegravir may remain in the systemic circulation of individuals for prolonged periods (up to 12 months or longer). It is important to carefully select individuals who agree to the required every-2-month injection dosing schedule because non-adherence to every‑2-monthly injections or missed doses could lead to HIV-1 acquisition and development of resistance.

    Healthcare providers should take the prolonged-release characteristics of cabotegravir into consideration when APRETUDE is prescribed [see Dosage and Administration (2. 3), Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2), Drug Interactions (7.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.2), Overdosage (10)].

    5.4 Hypersensitivity Reactions

    Serious or severe hypersensitivity reactions have been reported in association with other integrase inhibitors and could occur with APRETUDE [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Administration of cabotegravir oral lead-in dosing was used in clinical studies to help identify participants who may be at risk of a hypersensitivity reaction. Remain vigilant and discontinue APRETUDE if a hypersensitivity reaction is suspected [see Dosage and Administration (2.4), Contraindications (4), Adverse Reactions (6)].

    Discontinue APRETUDE immediately if signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions develop (including, but not limited to, severe rash, or rash accompanied by fever, general malaise, fatigue, muscle or joint aches, blisters, mucosal involvement [oral blisters or lesions], conjunctivitis, facial edema, hepatitis, eosinophilia, angioedema, difficulty breathing). Clinical status, including liver transaminases, should be monitored and appropriate therapy initiated. For information regarding the long-acting properties of APRETUDE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    5.5 Hepatotoxicity

    Hepatotoxicity has been reported in a limited number of individuals receiving cabotegravir with or without known pre-existing hepatic disease or identifiable risk factors [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    Clinical and laboratory monitoring should be considered and APRETUDE should be discontinued if hepatotoxicity is suspected and individuals managed as clinically indicated. For information regarding the long-acting properties of APRETUDE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    5.6 Depressive Disorders

    Depressive disorders (including depression, depressed mood, major depression, persistent depressive disorder, suicide ideation or attempt) have been reported with APRETUDE [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Promptly evaluate individuals with depressive symptoms to assess whether the symptoms are related to APRETUDE and to determine whether the risks of continued therapy outweigh the benefits.

    5.7 Risk of Reduced Drug Concentration of APRETUDE Due to Drug Interactions

    The concomitant use of APRETUDE and other drugs may result in reduced drug concentration of APRETUDE [see Contraindications (4), Drug Interactions (7.2, 7.3)].

    See Table 8 for steps to prevent or manage these possible and known significant drug interactions, including dosing recommendations. Consider the potential for drug interactions prior to and during use of, and after discontinuation of APRETUDE; review concomitant medications during use of APRETUDE [see Drug Interactions (7.3, 7.4)].

  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following adverse reactions are described below and in other sections of the labeling:

    Hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
    Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
    Depressive disorders [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect rates observed in practice.

    Clinical Trials Experience in Adults

    The safety assessment of APRETUDE is based on the analysis of data from 2 international, multicenter, double-blind trials, HPTN 083 and HPTN 084 [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    Adverse reactions were reported while on blinded study product following exposure to APRETUDE extended-release injectable suspension and oral cabotegravir tablets as oral lead-in. The median time on blinded study product in HPTN 083 was 65 weeks and 2 days (range: 1 day to 156 weeks and 1 day), with a total exposure on cabotegravir of 3,231 person‑years. The median time on blinded study product in HPTN 084 was 64 weeks and 1 day (range: 1 day to 153 weeks and 1 day), with a total exposure on cabotegravir of 2,009 person‑years.

    The most common adverse reactions regardless of severity reported in at least 1% of participants in HPTN 083 or HPTN 084 are presented in Table 4.

    In HPTN 083, 6% of participants in the group receiving APRETUDE intramuscular injection every 2 months and 4% of participants receiving oral TRUVADA [emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)] once daily discontinued due to adverse events (all causality). Non-injection-site–associated adverse events leading to discontinuation and occurring in ≥1% of participants were increased alanine aminotransferase with APRETUDE and TRUVADA.

    In HPTN 084, 1% of participants receiving APRETUDE and 1% of participants receiving TRUVADA discontinued due to adverse events. The most commonly reported adverse event (all causality) leading to discontinuation was increased alanine aminotransferase (<1%) with APRETUDE and TRUVADA. The side-by-side tabulation is to simplify presentation; direct comparison across trials should not be made due to differing trials.

    Table 4. Adverse Drug Reactionsa (All Grades) Reported in at Least 1% of Participants Receiving APRETUDE in Either HPTN 083 or HPTN 084
    a Adverse reactions defined as “treatment-related” as assessed by the investigator, with exception of injection site reactions, where all injection site reactions were reported regardless of causality.
    b Participants who received injection: HPTN 083, APRETUDE (n = 2,117) and TRUVADA (n = 2,081); HPTN 084, APRETUDE (n = 1,519) and TRUVADA (n = 1,516).
    c Pyrexia includes pyrexia, feeling hot, chills, influenza-like illness.
    d Fatigue includes fatigue, malaise.
    e Sleep disorders includes insomnia, abnormal dreams.
    f Abdominal pain includes abdominal pain, upper abdominal pain.
    g Rash includes rash, erythema, pruritis, macular, papular, maculopapular.

    Adverse Reactions

    HPTN 083

    HPTN 084

    APRETUDE

    Every 2 Months

    (n = 2,281)

    TRUVADA

    Once Daily

    (n = 2,285)

    APRETUDE

    Every 2 Months

    (n = 1,614)

    TRUVADA

    Once Daily

    (n = 1,610)

    Injection site reactionsb

    82%

    35%

    38%

    11%

    Diarrhea

    4%

    5%

    4%

    4%

    Headache

    4%

    3%

    12%

    13%

    Pyrexiac

    4%

    <1%

    <1%

    <1%

    Fatigued

    4%

    2%

    3%

    3%

    Sleep disorderse

    3%

    3%

    1%

    1%

    Nausea

    3%

    5%

    4%

    8%

    Dizziness

    2%

    3%

    4%

    6%

    Flatulence

    1%

    1%

    <1%

    <1%

    Abdominal painf

    1%

    1%

    2%

    2%

    Vomiting

    <1%

    1%

    2%

    5%

    Myalgia

    <1%

    <1%

    2%

    1%

    Rashg

    <1%

    <1%

    2%

    1%

    Decreased appetite

    <1%

    <1%

    2%

    4%

    Somnolence

    <1%

    <1%

    2%

    2%

    Back pain

    <1%

    <1%

    1%

    <1%

    Upper respiratory tract infection

    0

    <1%

    4%

    4%

    Injection-Associated Adverse Reactions

    Local Injection Site Reactions (ISRs) with APRETUDE: The most frequent adverse reactions associated with the intramuscular administration of APRETUDE in HPTN 083 were ISRs. After 20,286 injections, 8,900 ISRs were reported. Of the 2,117 participants who received at least one injection of APRETUDE, 1,740 (82%) participants experienced at least one ISR, of which a total of 3% of participants discontinued APRETUDE because of ISRs. Among the participants who received APRETUDE and experienced at least one ISR, the maximum severity of reactions was mild (Grade 1) in 41% of participants, moderate (Grade 2) in 56% of participants, and severe (Grade 3) in 3% of participants. The median duration of overall ISR events was 4 days. The proportion of participants reporting ISRs at each visit and the severity of the ISRs decreased over time. The most commonly reported ISRs (all causality and grades) in at least 1% of participants who received APRETUDE and experienced at least one ISR from HPTN 083 are presented in Table 5.

    The most frequent adverse reactions associated with the intramuscular administration of APRETUDE in HPTN 084 were ISRs. After 13,068 injections, 1,171 ISRs were reported. Of the 1,519 participants who received at least one injection of APRETUDE, 578 (38%) participants experienced at least one ISR. No participants discontinued APRETUDE because of ISRs. Among the participants who received APRETUDE and experienced at least one ISR, the maximum severity of reactions was mild (Grade 1) in 66% of participants, moderate (Grade 2) in 34% of participants, and severe (Grade 3) in less than 1% of participants. The median duration of overall ISR events was 8 days. The proportion of participants reporting ISRs at each visit and the severity of the ISRs generally decreased over time. The most commonly reported ISRs (all causality and grades) in at least 1% of participants who received APRETUDE and experienced at least one ISR from HPTN 084 are presented in Table 5.

    Table 5. Injection Site Reactions (All Grades) Reported in at Least 1% of Participants who Experienced at Least One Injection Site Reaction (All Causality) with APRETUDE in Either HPTN 083 or HPTN 084
    a Placebo injectable suspension: intralipid 20% fat emulsion.

    Injection Site Reactions

    HPTN 083

    HPTN 084

    APRETUDE

    (n = 1,740)

    TRUVADAa

    (n = 724)

    APRETUDE

    (n = 578)

    TRUVADAa

    (n = 166)

    Pain/tenderness

    98%

    95%

    90%

    87%

    Nodules

    15%

    2%

    14%

    2%

    Induration

    15%

    <1%

    12%

    2%

    Swelling

    12%

    1%

    18%

    3%

    Bruising

    4%

    4%

    1%

    0

    Erythema

    4%

    2%

    5%

    2%

    Pruritus

    3%

    3%

    6%

    11%

    Warmth

    3%

    1%

    <1%

    0

    Anesthesia

    1%

    2%

    1%

    2%

    Abscess

    <1%

    0

    2%

    3%

    Discoloration

    <1%

    0

    1%

    0

    Other Injection-Associated Adverse Reactions: In the HPTN 083 clinical trial, an increased incidence of pyrexia (including pyrexia, feeling hot, chills, influenza-like illness) (4%) was reported by participants receiving APRETUDE compared with participants receiving TRUVADA (<1%). There were no differences reported in the incidence of pyrexia between groups in HPTN 084.

    Vasovagal or pre-syncopal reactions considered treatment related were reported in <1% of participants after injection with APRETUDE in HPTN 083. None were reported as treatment related by the investigators in HPTN 084.

    Less Common Adverse Reactions

    The following select adverse reactions (regardless of severity) occurred in <1% of participants receiving APRETUDE in HPTN 083 or HPTN 084.

    Hepatobiliary Disorders: Hepatotoxicity.

    Investigations: Weight increase (see below).

    Psychiatric Disorders: Depression.

    Weight Increase

    At the Week 41 and Week 97 timepoints in HPTN 083, participants who received APRETUDE gained a median of 1.2 kg (Interquartile Range [IQR]; -1.0, 3.5; n = 1,623) and 2.1 kg (IQR; -0.9, 5.9; n = 601) in weight from baseline. Those who received TRUVADA gained a median of 0 kg (IQR; -2.1, 2.4; n = 1,611) and 1 kg (IQR; -1.9, 4.0; n = 598) in weight from baseline, respectively.

    At the Week 41 and 97 timepoints in HPTN 084, participants who received APRETUDE gained a median of 2 kg (IQR; 0.0, 5.0; n = 1,151) and 4 kg (IQR; 0.0, 8.0; n = 216) in weight from baseline, respectively. Those who received TRUVADA gained a median of 1 kg (IQR; -1.0, 4.0; n = 1,131) and 3 kg (IQR; -1.0, 6.0; n = 218) in weight from baseline, respectively.

    Laboratory Abnormalities

    Grade 3 or 4 post-baseline maximum toxicity laboratory abnormalities for HPTN 083 or HPTN 084 are summarized in Table 6.

    Table 6. Laboratory Abnormalities (Grades 3 to 4) in ≥1% of Participants in Either HPTN 083 or HPTN 084
    ALT = Alanine transaminase, ULN = upper limit of normal, AST = Aspartate aminotransferase.

    Laboratory Parameter

    HPTN 083

    HPTN 084

    APRETUDE

    Every 2 Months

    (n = 2,281)

    TRUVADA

    Once Daily

    (n = 2,285)

    APRETUDE

    Every 2 Months

    (n = 1,614)

    TRUVADA

    Once Daily

    (n = 1,610)

    ALT (≥5.0 x ULN)

    2%

    2%

    <1%

    1%

    AST (≥5.0 x ULN)

    3%

    3%

    <1%

    <1%

    Creatine phosphokinase (≥10.0 x ULN)

    15%

    14%

    2%

    2%

    Lipase (≥3.0 x ULN)

    3%

    3%

    <1%

    <1%

    Creatinine (>1.8 x ULN) or increase to ≥1.5 x baseline)

    3%

    3%

    5%

    4%

    Serum Lipids: Changes from baseline to Month 15 in total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and total cholesterol to HDL ratio in HPTN 083 and HPTN 084 are presented in Table 7.

    Table 7. Fasting Lipid Values, Median Change from Baselinea at Week 57, Reported in HPTN 083 and HPTN 084
    a Nearly 60% of participants with baseline data available had Week 57 data available in both arms of both trials. Within each trial, baseline values were comparable among participants receiving APRETUDE and TRUVADA.

    HPTN 083

    HPTN 084

    APRETUDE

    TRUVADA

    APRETUDE

    TRUVADA

    Total cholesterol (mg/dL)

    +1.0

    -10.0

    +0.2

    -3.9

    LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)

    +1.0

    -6.0

    -1.1

    -5.0

    HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)

    -0.2

    -3.0

    -0.8

    -2.6

    Triglycerides (mg/dL)

    +2.7

    0.0

    +3.1

    +0.7

    Total cholesterol:
    HDL cholesterol ratio

    +0.1

    +0.0

    +0.1

    +0.1

    Clinical Trials Experience in Adolescents

    In adolescents receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP, the safety data were comparable to the safety data reported in adults receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Use of Other Antiretroviral Drugs after Discontinuation of APRETUDE

    Residual concentrations of cabotegravir may remain in the systemic circulation of individuals for prolonged periods (up to 12 months or longer). These residual concentrations are not expected to affect the exposures of antiretroviral drugs that are initiated after discontinuation of APRETUDE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Drug Interactions (7.4), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.2 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect APRETUDE

    Cabotegravir is primarily metabolized by UGT1A1 with some contribution from UGT1A9. Drugs that are strong inducers of UGT1A1 or 1A9 are expected to decrease cabotegravir plasma concentrations; therefore, coadministration of APRETUDE with these drugs is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4)].

    7.3 Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions

    Information regarding potential drug interactions with cabotegravir is provided in Table 8. These recommendations are based on either drug interaction trials following oral administration of cabotegravir or predicted interactions due to the expected magnitude of the interaction [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.7), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Table 8 includes potentially significant interactions but is not all inclusive.

    Table 8. Drug Interactions with APRETUDE
    ↑ = Increase, ↓ = Decrease, ↔ = No change.

    Concomitant Drug Class:

    Drug Name

    Effect on Concentration

    Clinical Comment

    Anticonvulsants:

    Carbamazepine

    Oxcarbazepine

    Phenobarbital

    Phenytoin

    ↓Cabotegravir

    Coadministration is contraindicated with APRETUDE due to potential for significant decreases in plasma concentration of APRETUDE.

    Antimycobacterials:

    Rifampin

    Rifapentine

    ↓Cabotegravir

    Antimycobacterial:

    Rifabutin

    ↓Cabotegravir

    When rifabutin is started before or concomitantly with the first initiation injection of APRETUDE, the recommended dosing of APRETUDE is one 600-mg (3-mL) injection, followed 2 weeks later by a second 600-mg (3-mL) initiation injection and monthly thereafter while on rifabutin. When rifabutin is started at the time of the second initiation injection or later, the recommended dosing schedule of APRETUDE is 600 mg (3 mL) monthly while on rifabutin.

    After stopping rifabutin, the recommended dosing schedule of APRETUDE is 600 mg (3 mL) every 2 months.

    Narcotic analgesic:

    Methadone

    ↔Cabotegravir

    ↓Methadone

    No dose adjustment of methadone is required when starting coadministration of methadone with APRETUDE. However, clinical monitoring is recommended as methadone maintenance therapy may need to be adjusted in some individuals.

    7.4 Drugs without Clinically Significant Interactions with Cabotegravir

    Based on drug interaction study results, the following drugs can be coadministered with cabotegravir (non-antiretrovirals) or given after discontinuation of cabotegravir (antiretrovirals and non-antiretrovirals) without a dose adjustment: etravirine, midazolam, oral contraceptives containing levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol, and rilpivirine [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Exposure Registry

    There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to APRETUDE during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register individuals by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263.

    Risk Summary

    There are insufficient human data on the use of APRETUDE during pregnancy to adequately assess a drug-associated risk of birth defects and miscarriage. While there are insufficient human data to assess the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) with exposure to APRETUDE during pregnancy, NTDs were associated with dolutegravir, another integrase inhibitor. Healthcare providers should discuss the benefit-risk of using APRETUDE with individuals of childbearing potential or during pregnancy.

    Cabotegravir use in pregnant women has not been evaluated. APRETUDE should be used during pregnancy only if the expected benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

    The APR has been established to monitor for birth defects following prenatal exposure to antiretrovirals. The rate of miscarriage is not reported in the APR. The background rate for major birth defects in a U.S. reference population of the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) is 2.7%. The estimated background rate of miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies in the U.S. general population is 15% to 20%. The APR uses the MACDP as the U.S. reference population for birth defects in the general population. The MACDP evaluates women and infants from a limited geographic area and does not include outcomes for births that occurred at <20 weeks’ gestation.

    In animal reproduction studies with oral cabotegravir, a delay in the onset of parturition and increased stillbirths and neonatal deaths were observed in a rat pre- and postnatal development study at >28 times the exposure at the recommended human dose (RHD). No evidence of adverse developmental outcomes was observed with oral cabotegravir in rats or rabbits (>28 times or similar to the exposure at the RHD, respectively) given during organogenesis (see Data).

    Clinical Considerations

    Cabotegravir is detected in systemic circulation for up to 12 months or longer after discontinuing injections of APRETUDE; therefore, consideration should be given to the potential for fetal exposure during pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    Data

    Human Data: Data from a birth outcome surveillance study in Botswana showed that dolutegravir, another integrase inhibitor, was associated with increased risk of NTDs when administered at the time of conception and in early pregnancy. Data from clinical trials are insufficient to address this risk with cabotegravir.

    Animal Data: Cabotegravir was administered orally to pregnant rats at 0, 0.5, 5, or 1,000 mg/kg/day from 15 days before cohabitation, during cohabitation, and from Gestation Days 0 to 17. There were no effects on fetal viability when fetuses were delivered by caesarean, although a minor decrease in fetal body weight was observed at 1,000 mg/kg/day (>28 times the exposure in humans at the RHD). No drug-related fetal toxicities were observed at 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 13 times the exposure in humans at the RHD), and no drug-related fetal malformations were observed at any dose.

    Cabotegravir was administered orally to pregnant rabbits at 0, 30, 500, or 2,000 mg/kg/day from Gestation Days 7 to 19. No drug-related fetal toxicities were observed at 2,000 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.7 times the exposure in humans at the RHD).

    In a rat pre- and postnatal development study, cabotegravir was administered orally to pregnant rats at 0, 0.5, 5, or 1,000 mg/kg/day from Gestation Day 6 to Lactation Day 21. A delay in the onset of parturition and increases in the number of stillbirths and neonatal deaths by Lactation Day 4 were observed at 1,000 mg/kg/day (>28 times the exposure in humans at the RHD); there were no alterations to growth and development of surviving offspring. In a cross-fostering study, similar incidences of stillbirths and early postnatal deaths were observed when rat pups born to cabotegravir-treated mothers were nursed from birth by control mothers. There was no effect on neonatal survival of control pups nursed from birth by cabotegravir-treated mothers. A lower dose of 5 mg/kg/day (13 times the exposure at the RHD) was not associated with delayed parturition or neonatal mortality in rats. Studies in pregnant rats showed that cabotegravir crosses the placenta and can be detected in fetal tissue.

    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    It is not known if cabotegravir is present in human breast milk, affects human milk production, or has effects on the breastfed infant. When administered to lactating rats, cabotegravir was present in milk (see Data). If cabotegravir is present in human milk, residual exposures may remain for 12 months or longer after the last injections have been administered [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    Because of detectable cabotegravir concentrations in systemic circulation for up to 12 months or longer after discontinuing injections of APRETUDE, it is recommended that women breastfeed only if the expected benefit justifies the potential risk to the infant.

    Data

    Animal Data: Animal lactation studies with cabotegravir have not been conducted. However, cabotegravir was detected in the plasma of nursing pups on Lactation Day 10 in the rat pre- and postnatal development study.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP in at-risk adolescents weighing at least 35 kg is supported by data from 2 adequate and well-controlled trials of APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP in adults with additional safety and pharmacokinetic data from studies in HIV-1 infected adults who were administered CABENUVA, and in HIV-1 infected pediatric subjects who were administered separate components of CABENUVA in addition to their current antiretroviral therapy [see Dosage and Administration (2.5), Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP is being evaluated in 2 open-label multicenter clinical trials in adolescent individuals. Fifty-nine adolescents have been enrolled. Of these, 54 adolescent participants received one or more injections. In adolescents receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP, the safety data were comparable to the safety data reported in adults receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP.

    While using APRETUDE, HIV-1 testing should be conducted prior to initiating APRETUDE (with or without an oral lead-in with oral cabotegravir) and prior to each injection of APRETUDE. Adolescents may benefit from more frequent visits and counseling to support adherence to the dosing and testing schedule [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of APRETUDE in pediatric participants younger than 12 years of age or weighing <35 kg have not been established.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    No dose adjustment is required in elderly individuals. There are limited data available on the use of APRETUDE in individuals aged 65 years and older. In general, caution should be exercised in administration of APRETUDE in elderly individuals reflecting greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    8.6 Renal Impairment

    Based on studies with oral cabotegravir, no dosage adjustment of APRETUDE is necessary for individuals with mild (creatinine clearance ≥60 to <90 mL/min) or moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance ≥30 to <60 mL/min). In individuals with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance 15 to <30 mL/min) or end-stage renal disease (creatinine clearance <15 mL/min), increased monitoring for adverse effects is recommended [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. In individuals with end-stage renal disease not on dialysis, effects on the pharmacokinetics of cabotegravir are unknown. As cabotegravir is >99% protein bound, dialysis is not expected to alter exposures of cabotegravir.

    8.7 Hepatic Impairment

    Based on studies with oral cabotegravir, no dosage adjustment of APRETUDE is necessary for individuals with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A or B). The effect of severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) on the pharmacokinetics of cabotegravir is unknown [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    There is no known specific treatment for overdose with APRETUDE. If overdose occurs, monitor the individual and apply standard supportive treatment as required as well as observation of the clinical status of the individual. As APRETUDE is highly bound to plasma proteins, it is unlikely that it will be significantly removed by dialysis. Consider the prolonged exposure to APRETUDE following an injection when assessing treatment needs and recovery [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    APRETUDE contains cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension, an HIV INSTI.

    The chemical name of cabotegravir is (3S,11aR)-N-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7,11,11a-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide.The empirical formula is C19H17F2N3O5 and the molecular weight is 405.35 g/mol. It has the following structural formula:

    structural formula of cabotegravir

    Cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension is a white to light pink free-flowing suspension for intramuscular injection in a sterile single-dose vial. Each vial delivers 600 mg/3 mL (200 mg/mL) of cabotegravir and mannitol (105 mg), polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350 (60 mg), polysorbate 20 (60 mg), and Water for Injection.

    The vial stoppers are not made with natural rubber latex.

  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Cabotegravir is an HIV-1 antiretroviral drug [see Microbiology (12.4)] in a long-acting formulation.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    Cardiac Electrophysiology

    At a dose of cabotegravir 150 mg orally every 12 hours (10 times the recommended total daily oral lead‑in dosage of APRETUDE), the QT interval is not prolonged to any clinically relevant extent. Administration of 3 doses of cabotegravir 150 mg orally every 12 hours resulted in a geometric mean Cmax approximately 2.8-fold and 5.6-fold above the geometric mean steady-state Cmax associated with the recommended 30-mg dose of oral cabotegravir and the recommended 600-mg dose given every 2 months of cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension, respectively.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion

    The pharmacokinetic properties of cabotegravir are provided in Table 9. The multiple-dose pharmacokinetic parameters are provided in Table 10. For the pharmacokinetic properties of oral cabotegravir, refer to the full prescribing information for oral cabotegravir.

    Table 9. Pharmacokinetic Properties of Cabotegravir
    CSF = Cerebrospinal fluid.
    a When taken orally with a high-fat meal versus fasted, the AUC(0-inf) (geometric mean ratio [90% CI] of cabotegravir are 1.14 [1.02, 1.28]).
    b The clinical relevance of CSF-to-plasma concentration ratios is unknown. Concentrations were measured at steady-state 1 week after intramuscular administration of cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspensions given monthly or every 2 months.
    c Elimination half-life driven by slow absorption rate from the intramuscular injection site.
    d Dosing in mass balance studies: single-dose oral administration of [14C] cabotegravir.

    Cabotegravir

    Absorptiona

    Tmax (days), median

    7

    Distribution

    % Bound to human plasma proteins

    >99.8

    Blood-to-plasma ratio

    0.52

    CSF-to-plasma concentration ratio (median [range])b

    0.003 (0.002 to 0.004)

    Elimination

    t1/2 (weeks) meanc

    5.6 to 11.5

    Metabolism

    Metabolic pathways

    UGT1A1

    UGT1A9 (minor)

    Excretion

    Major route of elimination

    Metabolism

    % of dose excreted as total 14C (unchanged drug) in urined

    27 (0)

    % of dose excreted as total 14C (unchanged drug) in fecesd

    59 (47)

    Table 10. Pharmacokinetic Parameters following Once-Daily Oral Cabotegravir and following Initiation and Every-2-Month Continuation Intramuscular Injections of APRETUDE
    IM = Intramuscular.
    a Pharmacokinetic parameter values were based on individual post-hoc estimates from cabotegravir population pharmacokinetic models for patients in Phase 3 treatment studies of HIV treatment.
    b tau is dosing interval: 24 hours for oral administration, 1 month for the initial injection, and 2 months for every 2 months for intramuscular injections of extended-release injectable suspension.
    c Oral lead-in pharmacokinetic parameter values represent steady state.
    d Initial injection Cmax values primarily reflect oral dosing because the initial injection was administered on the same day as the last oral dose; however, AUC(0-tau) and the Ctau values reflect the initial injection. When administered without oral lead-in to HIV-infected recipients (n = 110), the observed cabotegravir geometric mean (5th, 95th percentile) Cmax (1-week post‑initial injection) was 1.89 mcg/mL (0.438, 5.69) and Ctau was 1.43 mcg/mL (0.403, 3.90).
    e Pharmacokinetic parameter values represent steady state.

    Dosing Phase

    Dosage Regimen

    Geometric Mean (5th, 95th Percentile)a

    AUC(0-tau)b
    (mcg•h/mL)

    Cmax
    (mcg/mL)

    Ctau
    (mcg/mL)

    Oral lead-inc

    30 mg
    once daily

    145

    (93.5, 224)

    8.0

    (5.3, 11.9)

    4.6

    (2.8, 7.5)

    Initial injectiond

    600 mg IM
    initial dose

    1,591

    (714; 3,245)

    8.0

    (5.3, 11.9)

    1.5

    (0.65, 2.9)

    Every-2-month

    injectione

    600 mg IM
    every 2 months

    3,764

    (2,431; 5,857)

    4.0

    (2.3, 6.8)

    1.6

    (0.8, 3.0)

    Specific Populations

    No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of cabotegravir were observed based on age, sex, race/ethnicity, BMI, or UGT1A1 polymorphisms. There are no data available for the use of cabotegravir in participants with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus co-infection in PrEP studies.

    Renal Impairment: With oral cabotegravir, no clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of cabotegravir are expected in individuals with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment. Cabotegravir has not been studied in participants with end-stage renal disease not on dialysis. As cabotegravir is >99% protein bound, dialysis is not expected to alter exposures of cabotegravir [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

    Hepatic Impairment: No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of cabotegravir are expected in mild to moderate (Child-Pugh A or B) hepatic impairment. The effect of severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) on the pharmacokinetics of cabotegravir has not been studied [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

    Gender: Population pharmacokinetic analyses revealed no clinically relevant effect of gender on the exposure of cabotegravir. In addition, no clinically relevant differences in plasma cabotegravir concentrations were observed in PrEP studies by gender, including in cisgender men and transgender women (+/- hormone use). Therefore, no dose adjustment is necessary based on gender.

    Geriatrics: No dose adjustment is required in elderly individuals. There are limited data available on the use of cabotegravir in individuals aged 65 years and older. In general, caution should be exercised in administration of APRETUDE in elderly individuals reflecting greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

    Pediatrics: Population pharmacokinetic analyses revealed no clinically relevant differences in exposure between the HIV-1 infected adolescent and HIV-1 infected and uninfected adult participants from the cabotegravir development program; therefore, no dosage adjustment is needed for adolescents weighing at least 35 kg (Table 11).

    Table 11. Predicted Pharmacokinetic Parametersa following Once-Daily Oral Cabotegravir and following Initiation and Every-2-Month Continuation Intramuscular Injections of APRETUDE in Adolescent Participants Aged 12 to Younger than 18 Years (≥35 kg)
    IM = intramuscular.
    a Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter values were based on population PK model simulations in a virtual HIV-1 infected adolescent population weighing 35 to 156 kg.
    b tau is dosing interval: 24 hours for oral administration, 1 month for the initial injection, and 2 months for every 2 months for IM injections of extended-release injectable suspension.
    c Oral lead-in pharmacokinetic parameter values represent steady state.
    d Initial injection Cmax values primarily reflect oral dosing because the initial injection was administered on the same day as the last oral dose; however, the AUC(0-tau) and Ctau values reflect the initial injection.
    e PK parameter values represent steady state.

    Dosing Phase

    Dosage Regimen

    Geometric Mean (5th, 95th Percentile)a

    AUC(0-tau)b

    (mcg•h/mL)

    Cmax

    (mcg/mL)

    Ctau

    (mcg/mL)

    Oral lead-inc

    30 mg once daily

    193

    (106, 346)

    14.4

    (8.02, 25.5)

    5.79

    (2.48, 12.6)

    Initial injectiond

    600 mg IM

    initial dose

    2,123

    (881; 4,938)

    11.2

    (5.63, 21.5)

    1.84

    (0.64, 4.52)

    Every-2-month injectione

    600 mg IM

    every 2-months

    4,871

    (2,827; 8,232)

    7.23

    (3.76, 14.1)

    2.01

    (0.64, 4.73)

    Drug Interaction Studies

    Cabotegravir is not a clinically relevant inhibitor of the following enzymes and transporters: cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4; UGT1A1, 1A3, 1A4, 1A6, 1A9, 2B4, 2B7, 2B15, and 2B17; P-glycoprotein (P‑gp); breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP); bile salt export pump (BSEP); organic cation transporter (OCT)1, OCT2; organic anion transporter polypeptide (OATP)1B1, OATP1B3; multidrug and toxin extrusion transporter (MATE) 1, MATE 2-K; and multidrug resistance protein (MRP)2 or MRP4.

    In vitro, cabotegravir inhibited renal OAT1 (IC50 = 0.81 microM) and OAT3 (IC50 = 0.41 microM). Based on physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling, cabotegravir may increase the AUC of OAT1/3 substrates up to approximately 80%.

    In vitro, cabotegravir did not induce CYP1A2, CYP2B6, or CYP3A4.

    Simulations using PBPK modeling show that no clinically significant interaction is expected during coadministration of cabotegravir with drugs that inhibit UGT1A1.

    In vitro, cabotegravir was not a substrate of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OATP2B1, or OCT1.

    Cabotegravir is a substrate of P-gp and BCRP in vitro; however, because of its high permeability, no alteration in cabotegravir absorption is expected with coadministration of P-gp or BCRP inhibitors.

    Drug interaction studies were not conducted with injectable cabotegravir. Drug interaction studies with oral cabotegravir are summarized in Tables 12 and 13.

    Table 12. Effect of Coadministered Drugs on the Pharmacokinetics of Cabotegravir
    n = Maximum number of participants with data, CI = Confidence Interval.

    Coadministered Drug(s)

    and Dose(s)

    Dose of Cabotegravir

    n

    Geometric Mean Ratio (90% CI) of Cabotegravir Pharmacokinetic Parameters with/without Coadministered Drugs

    No Effect = 1.00

    Cmax

    AUC

    Ctau or C24

    Etravirine

    200 mg twice daily

    30 mg
    once daily

    12

    1.04

    (0.99, 1.09)

    1.01

    (0.96, 1.06)

    1.00

    (0.94, 1.06)

    Rifabutin

    300 mg once daily

    30 mg
    once daily

    12

    0.83

    (0.76, 0.90)

    0.77

    (0.74, 0.83)

    0.74

    (0.70, 0.78)

    Rifampin

    600 mg once daily

    30-mg
    single dose

    15

    0.94

    (0.87, 1.02)

    0.41

    (0.36, 0.46)

    0.50

    (0.44, 0.57)

    Rilpivirine

    25 mg once daily

    30 mg
    once daily

    11

    1.05

    (0.96, 1.15)

    1.12

    (1.05, 1.19)

    1.14

    (1.04, 1.24)

    Table 13. Effect of Cabotegravir on the Pharmacokinetics of Coadministered Drugs
    n = Maximum number of participants with data, CI = Confidence Interval; NA = Not available.

    Coadministered Drug(s)

    and Dose(s)

    Dose of Cabotegravir

    n

    Geometric Mean Ratio (90% CI) of Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Coadministered Drug with/without Cabotegravir

    No Effect = 1.00

    Cmax

    AUC

    Ctau or C24

    Ethinyl estradiol

    0.03 mg once daily

    30 mg
    once daily

    19

    0.92

    (0.83, 1.03)

    1.02

    (0.97, 1.08)

    1.00

    (0.92, 1.10)

    Levonorgestrel

    0.15 mg once daily

    30 mg
    once daily

    19

    1.05

    (0.96, 1.15)

    1.12

    (1.07, 1.18)

    1.07

    (1.01, 1.15)

    Midazolam

    3 mg

    30 mg
    once daily

    12

    1.09

    (0.94, 1.26)

    1.10

    (0.95, 1.26)

    NA

    Rilpivirine

    25 mg once daily

    30 mg
    once daily

    11

    0.96

    (0.85, 1.09)

    0.99

    (0.89, 1.09)

    0.92

    (0.79, 1.07)

    12.4 Microbiology

    Mechanism of Action

    Cabotegravir inhibits HIV integrase by binding to the integrase active site and blocking the strand transfer step of retroviral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) integration that is essential for the HIV replication cycle. The mean 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of cabotegravir in a strand transfer assay using purified recombinant HIV-1 integrase was 3.0 nM.

    Antiviral Activity in Cell Culture

    Cabotegravir exhibited antiviral activity against laboratory strains of HIV-1 (subtype B, n = 4) with mean 50 percent effective concentration (EC50) value of 0.22 nM to 1.7 nM in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and 293 cells. Cabotegravir demonstrated antiviral activity in PBMCs against a panel of 24 HIV-1 clinical isolates (3 in each of group M subtypes A, B, C, D, E, F, and G and 3 in group O) with a median EC50 value of 0.19 nM (range: 0.02 nM to 1.06 nM, n = 24). The median EC50 value against subtype B clinical isolates was 0.05 nM (range: 0.02 to 0.50 nM, n = 3). Against clinical HIV-2 isolates, the median EC50 value was 0.12 nM (range: 0.10 nM to 0.14 nM, n = 4).

    In cell culture, cabotegravir was not antagonistic in combination with the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) rilpivirine, or the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) FTC, lamivudine (3TC), or TDF.

    Resistance

    Cell Culture: Cabotegravir-resistant viruses were selected during passage of HIV-1 strain IIIB in MT-2 cells in the presence of cabotegravir. Amino acid substitutions in integrase that emerged and conferred decreased susceptibility to cabotegravir included Q146L (fold change: 1.3 to 4.6), S153Y (fold change: 2.8 to 8.4), and I162M (fold change: 2.8). The integrase substitution T124A also emerged alone (fold change: 1.1 to 7.4 in cabotegravir susceptibility), in combination with S153Y (fold change: 3.6 to 6.6 in cabotegravir susceptibility) or I162M (2.8-fold change in cabotegravir susceptibility). Cell culture passage of virus harboring integrase substitutions Q148H, Q148K, or Q148R selected for additional substitutions (C56S, V72I, L74M, V75A, T122N, E138K, G140S, G149A, and M154I), with substituted viruses having reduced susceptibility to cabotegravir of 2.0-fold to 410-fold change. The combinations of E138K+Q148K and V72I+E138K+Q148K conferred the greatest reductions of 53-fold to 260‑fold change and 410-fold change, respectively.

    Clinical Trials: There were 12 incident infections and 4 prevalent infections among subjects in the APRETUDE arm of HPTN 083. Genotypic data were generated for viruses from 13 of these 16 subjects (4 subjects with prevalent infections and 9 subjects with incident infections) and phenotypic data were generated for 3 of these viruses. INSTI resistance-associated substitutions were detected in 5 viruses from subjects who achieved target plasma concentrations of cabotegravir (≥0.65 mcg/mL [1.6 μM]) and included R263K (2-fold less susceptible to cabotegravir), E138A+Q148R (6-fold less susceptible to cabotegravir), E138K+Q148K, G140A+Q148R (13-fold less susceptible to cabotegravir), and L74I+E138E/K+G140G/S+Q148R+E157Q.

    There were 3 incident infections and 1 prevalent infection among subjects in the APRETUDE arm of HPTN 084. All 3 incident infections occurred during periods with cabotegravir exposures below the target concentration. No variants expressing INSTI resistance-associated substitutions were detected.

    Cross-Resistance

    Cross-resistance has been observed among INSTIs. Cabotegravir had reduced susceptibility (>5-fold change) to recombinant HIV-1 strain NL432 viruses harboring the following integrase amino acid substitutions: G118R, Q148K, Q148R, T66K+L74M, E92Q+N155H, E138A+Q148R, E138K+Q148K/R, G140C+Q148R, G140S+Q148H/K/R, Y143H+N155H, and Q148R+N155H (range: 5.1-fold to 81-fold). The substitutions E138K+Q148K and Q148R+N155H conferred the greatest reductions in susceptibility of 81-fold and 61-fold, respectively.

    Viruses harboring E138A+Q148R or G140A+Q148R with reduced susceptibility to cabotegravir were isolated from subjects using APRETUDE in HPTN 083. These viruses remained susceptible to bictegravir and dolutegravir but had cross-resistance to elvitegravir and raltegravir.

    Virologic failure isolates from cabotegravir+rilpivirine treatment in FLAIR, ATLAS, and ATLAS-2M exhibited cross-resistance to INSTIs and NNRTIs. All confirmed virologic isolates with genotypic evidence of cabotegravir resistance had cross-resistance to elvitegravir and raltegravir but retained phenotypic susceptibility to bictegravir and dolutegravir when tested.

  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Carcinogenesis

    Two-year carcinogenicity studies in mice and rats were conducted with cabotegravir. In mice, no drug-related increases in tumor incidence were observed at cabotegravir exposures (AUC) up to approximately 8 times (males) and 7 times (females) higher than those in humans at the RHD. In rats, no drug-related increases in tumor incidence were observed at cabotegravir exposures up to approximately 26 times higher than those in humans at the RHD.

    Mutagenesis

    Cabotegravir was not genotoxic in the bacterial reverse mutation assay, mouse lymphoma assay, or in the in vivo rodent micronucleus assay.

    Impairment of Fertility

    In rats, no effects on fertility were observed at cabotegravir exposures (AUC) >20 times (male) and 28 times (female) the exposure in humans at the RHD.

  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Clinical Trials in Adults for HIV-1 Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

    The safety and efficacy of APRETUDE to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection were evaluated in 2 randomized, double-blind, controlled, multinational trials, HPTN 083 in HIV‑1 uninfected men and transgender women who have sex with men and have evidence of high-risk behavior for HIV-1 infection and HPTN 084 in HIV-1 uninfected cisgender women at risk of acquiring HIV-1.

    Participants randomized to receive APRETUDE initiated oral lead-in dosing with 1 oral cabotegravir 30-mg tablet and a placebo daily for up to 5 weeks, followed by APRETUDE 600‑mg (3-mL) intramuscular injection at months 1 and 2 and every 2 months thereafter and a daily placebo tablet. Participants randomized to receive TRUVADA initiated oral TRUVADA (TDF 300 mg/FTC 200 mg) and placebo daily for up to 5 weeks, followed by oral TRUVADA daily and placebo intramuscular injection at months 1 and 2 and every 2 months thereafter.

    Trial 201738 (HPTN 083 [NCT02720094])

    In HPTN 083, a non-inferiority study, 4,566 cisgender men and transgender women who have sex with men were randomized 1:1 and received either APRETUDE (n = 2,281) or TRUVADA (n = 2,285) as blinded study medication up to Week 153.

    At baseline, the median age of participants was 26 years, 12% were transgender women, 72% were non-White, and 67% were younger than 30 years.

    The primary endpoint was the rate of incident HIV-1 infections among participants randomized to daily oral cabotegravir and intramuscular injections of APRETUDE every 2 months compared with daily oral TRUVADA (corrected for early stopping). The primary analysis demonstrated the superiority of APRETUDE compared with TRUVADA with a 66% reduction in the risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection, hazard ratio (95% CI) 0.34 (0.18, 0.62); further testing revealed 1 of the infections on APRETUDE to be prevalent then yielding a 69% reduction in the risk of HIV-1 incident infection relative to TRUVADA (Table 14).

    Table 14. HIV-1 Infection Results During Randomized Phase in HPTN 083: Extended Retrospective Virologic Testing with Readjudicated Endpointsa
    a mITT from Supplemental Virology Report.
    b Following the primary analysis, extended retrospective virologic testing was performed to better characterize the timing of HIV-1 infections. As a result, 1 of the 13 HIV-1 incident infections in participants receiving APRETUDE was determined to be a prevalent infection. The original hazard ratio (95% CI) from the primary analysis is 0.34 (0.18, 0.62).

    APRETUDE

    (N = 2,278)

    TRUVADA

    (N = 2,281)

    Superiority P Value

    Person-years

    3,211

    3,193

    HIV-1 infections (incidence rate per 100 person-years)

    12b (0.37)

    39 (1.22)

    Hazard ratio (95% CI)

    0.31 (0.16, 0.58)

    0.0003

    Figure 1. Cumulative Incidence of HIV-1 Infections in HPTN 083

    Figure 1. Cumulative Incidence of HIV-1 Infections in HPTN 083

    Results from all subgroup analyses were consistent with the overall protective effect. A lower rate of incident HIV‑1 infections was observed for participants randomized to APRETUDE compared with participants randomized to TRUVADA (Table 15).

    Table 15. Incident of HIV-1 Infections by Subgroup in HPTN 083: Extended Retrospective Virologic Testing with Readjudicated Endpointsa
    a mITT from Supplemental Virology Report.
    b Cisgender men who have sex with men.
    c Transgender women who have sex with men.

    Subgroup

    APRETUDE Incidence per 100 Person-Years

    APRETUDE Person-Years

    TRUVADA

    Incidence per 100 Person-Years

    TRUVADA Person-Years

    Hazard Ratio

    (95% CI)

    Age

    <30 years

    0.47

    2,110

    1.66

    1,987

    0.29

    (0.15, 0.59)

    ≥30 years

    0.18

    1,101

    0.50

    1,206

    0.39

    (0.08, 1.84)

    Gender

    MSMb

    0.35

    2,836

    1.14

    2,803

    0.32

    (0.16, 0.64)

    TGWc

    0.54

    371

    1.80

    389

    0.34

    (0.08, 1.56)

    Race (US)

    Black

    0.58

    691

    2.28

    703

    0.26

    (0.09, 0.76)

    Non-Black

    0.00

    836

    0.50

    801

    0.11

    (0.00, 2.80)

    Region

    US

    0.26

    1,528

    1.33

    1,504

    0.21

    (0.07, 0.60)

    Latin America

    0.49

    1,020

    1.09

    1,011

    0.47

    (0.17, 1.35)

    Asia

    0.35

    570

    1.03

    581

    0.39

    (0.08, 1.82)

    Africa

    1.08

    93

    2.07

    97

    0.63

    (0.06, 6.50)

    Trial 201739 (HPTN 084 [NCT03164564])

    In HPTN 084, a superiority study, 3,224 cisgender women were randomized 1:1 and received either APRETUDE (n = 1,614) or TRUVADA (n = 1,610) as blinded study medication up to Week 153.

    At baseline, the median age of participants was 25 years, >99% were non-White, >99% were cisgender women, and 49% were <25 years of age.

    The primary endpoint was the rate of incident HIV-1 infections among participants randomized to oral cabotegravir and injections of APRETUDE compared with oral TRUVADA (corrected for early stopping). The primary analysis demonstrated the superiority of APRETUDE compared with TRUVADA with an 88% reduction in the risk of acquiring incident HIV-1 infection, hazard ratio (95% CI) 0.12 (0.05, 0.31); further testing revealed 1 of the infections on APRETUDE to be prevalent then yielding a 90% reduction in the risk of HIV-1 incident infection relative to TRUVADA (Table 16).

    Table 16. HIV-1 Infection Results during Randomized Phase in HPTN 084: Extended Retrospective Virologic Testing with Readjudicated Endpointsa
    a mITT from Supplemental Virology Report.
    b Following the primary analysis, extended retrospective virologic testing was performed to better characterize the timing of HIV-1 infections. As a result, 1 of the 4 HIV-1 incident infections in participants receiving APRETUDE was determined to be a prevalent infection. The original hazard ratio (95% CI) from the primary analysis is 0.12 (0.05, 0.31).

    APRETUDE

    (N = 1,613)

    TRUVADA

    (N = 1,610)

    Superiority

    P Value

    Person-years

    1,960

    1,946

    HIV-1 incident infections (incidence rate per 100 person-years)

    3b (0.15)

    36 (1.85)

    Hazard ratio (95% CI)

    0.10 (0.04, 0.27)

    <0.0001

    Figure 2. Cumulative Incidence of HIV-1 Infections in HPTN 084

    Figure 2. Cumulative Incidence of HIV-1 Infections in HPTN 084

    Results from pre-planned subgroup analyses were consistent with the overall protective effect. A lower rate of incident HIV-1 infections was observed for participants randomized to APRETUDE compared with participants randomized to TRUVADA (Table 17).

    Table 17. Incident of HIV-1 Infections by Subgroup in HPTN 084: Extended Retrospective Virologic Testing with Readjudicated Endpointsa
    a mITT from Supplemental Virology Report.

    Subgroup

    APRETUDE Incidence

    per 100 Person-Years

    APRETUDE Person-Years

    TRUVADA Incidence

    per 100 Person-Years

    TRUVADA Person-Years

    Hazard Ratio

    (95% CI)

    Age

    <25 years

    0.23

    868

    2.34

    853

    0.12

    (0.03, 0.46)

    ≥25 years

    0.09

    1,093

    1.46

    1,093

    0.09

    (0.02, 0.49)

    Body Mass Index

    <30

    0.22

    1,385

    1.88

    1,435

    0.12

    (0.04, 0.38)

    ≥30

    0.00

    575

    1.76

    511

    0.04

    (0.00, 0.93)

  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    How Supplied

    APRETUDE is supplied in a kit containing one 600-mg/3-mL single-dose (200-mg/mL) vial of cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension, 1 syringe, 1 vial adapter, and 1 needle for intramuscular injection (23 gauge, 1½ inch) (NDC 49702-264-23). The vial stopper is not made with natural rubber latex.

    Storage and Handling

    Store APRETUDE at 2°C to 25°C (36°F to 77°F) in the original carton until ready to use. Exposure up to 30°C permitted. Do not freeze. Do not mix with any other product or diluent.

    If the pack has been stored in the refrigerator, the vial should be brought to room temperature prior to administration (not to exceed 30°C [86°F]).

    Once the suspension has been drawn into the syringe, the injection should be administered as soon as possible, but may remain in the syringe for up to 2 hours. The filled syringes should not be placed in the refrigerator. If the medicine remains in the syringe for more than 2 hours, the filled syringe and needle must be discarded [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)].

  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Advise the individual to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).

    Important Information for Uninfected Individuals Taking APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP

    Advise HIV-1 uninfected individuals about the following [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]:

    APRETUDE should be used for PrEP as part of an overall HIV-1 infection prevention strategy, including adherence to the administration schedule and safer sex practices, including condoms, to reduce the risk of STIs.
    APRETUDE is not always effective in preventing HIV-1 acquisition [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. The time from initiation of APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP to maximal protection against HIV-1 infection is unknown.
    Counsel individuals on the use of other prevention measures (e.g., knowledge of partner HIV-1 status, testing for STIs condom use). Inform individuals about and support their efforts in reducing sexual risk behavior.
    APRETUDE should be used to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV-1 only in individuals confirmed to be HIV-1 negative. HIV-1 resistance substitutions may emerge in individuals with undiagnosed HIV-1 infection who are taking only APRETUDE, because APRETUDE alone does not constitute a complete regimen for HIV-1 treatment; therefore, care should be taken to minimize the risk of initiating or continuing APRETUDE before confirming the individual is HIV-1 negative.
    If recent (<1 month) exposures to HIV-1 are suspected or clinical symptoms consistent with acute HIV-1 infection are present, use a test approved or cleared by the FDA as an aid in the diagnosis of acute or primary HIV-1 infection.
    When using APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP, HIV-1 testing should be repeated prior to each injection of APRETUDE, and upon diagnosis of any other STIs.
    If an HIV-1 test indicates possible HIV-1 infection, or if symptoms consistent with acute HIV-1 infection develop following an exposure event, additional HIV testing to determine HIV status is needed. If an individual has confirmed HIV-1 infection, then the individual must be transitioned to a complete HIV-1 treatment regimen.
    Some individuals, such as adolescents, may benefit from frequent visits and counseling to support adherence.

    Potential Risk of Resistance with APRETUDE

    Advise individuals there is a potential risk of developing resistance to APRETUDE if HIV-1 is acquired either before or while taking APRETUDE or following discontinuation of APRETUDE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    To minimize this, it is essential that individuals are clinically reassessed for risk of HIV-1 acquisition and tested frequently to confirm HIV-1 negative status. Advise individuals who are confirmed to have with HIV-1 infection to consult with their healthcare professional, as HIV-1 treatment must be initiated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    Inform individuals that alternative forms of PrEP should be considered following discontinuation of APRETUDE for those at continuing risk of HIV-1 acquisition and initiated within 2 months of the final injection of APRETUDE [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    Long-Acting Properties of APRETUDE

    Advise individuals that APRETUDE is an extended-release injectable that may be systemically present for 12 months or longer and consideration should be taken regarding the prolonged release characteristics when APRETUDE is discontinued [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Drug Interactions (7)].

    Adherence to APRETUDE

    Counsel individuals about the importance of continued medication adherence and scheduled visits to help reduce the risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection and development of resistance [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    Hypersensitivity Reactions

    Advise individuals to immediately contact their healthcare provider if they develop a rash. Instruct individuals to immediately stop taking APRETUDE and seek medical attention if they develop a rash associated with any of the following symptoms: fever; generally ill feeling; extreme tiredness; muscle or joint aches; blisters; oral blisters or lesions; eye inflammation; facial swelling; swelling of the eyes, lips, tongue, or mouth; difficulty breathing; and/or signs and symptoms of liver problems (e.g., yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes; dark or tea‑colored urine; pale-colored stools or bowel movements; nausea; vomiting; loss of appetite; or pain, aching, or sensitivity on the right side below the ribs). Advise individuals that if hypersensitivity occurs, they will be closely monitored, laboratory tests will be ordered, and appropriate therapy will be initiated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    Hepatotoxicity

    Inform individuals that hepatotoxicity has been reported with cabotegravir [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5), Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Inform individuals that clinical and laboratory monitoring should be considered and APRETUDE should be discontinued if hepatoxicity is confirmed [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

    Depressive Disorders

    Inform individuals that depressive disorders (including depression, depressed mood, major depression, persistent depressive disorder, suicide ideation or attempt) have been reported with APRETUDE [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Advise individuals to seek prompt medical evaluation if they experience depressive symptoms [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

    Drug Interactions

    Inform individuals that APRETUDE may interact with other drugs and may reduce exposure of APRETUDE; therefore, advise individuals to report to their healthcare provider the use of any other prescription or nonprescription medication [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.7), Drug Interactions (7.2, 7.3)].

    Missed Dose

    Inform individuals that APRETUDE can remain in the body for up to 12 months or longer after receiving their last injection. Advise individuals that they should contact their healthcare provider if they miss or plan to miss a scheduled monthly injection visit and that oral dosing may be used to replace up to 2 consecutive monthly injections. Advise individuals that if they discontinue use of APRETUDE, they will need to take other medicines for HIV-1 PrEP [see Dosage and Administration (2.3, 2.6)].

    Pregnancy Registry

    Inform individuals that there is an antiretroviral pregnancy registry to monitor fetal outcomes in those exposed to APRETUDE during pregnancy. Individuals who are of reproductive potential should be informed of the long duration of exposure of APRETUDE and that there is very limited clinical experience in human pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

    Lactation

    Inform individuals that due to the potential for adverse reactions and residual concentrations in the systemic circulation for up to 12 months or longer after discontinuing injections of APRETUDE, it is recommended that women breastfeed only if the expected benefit justifies the potential risk to the infant.

    APRETUDE and CABENUVA are trademarks owned by or licensed to the ViiV Healthcare companies.

    The other brand listed is a trademark owned by or licensed to its respective owner and is not a trademark owned by or licensed to the ViiV Healthcare group of companies. The maker of this brand is not affiliated with and does not endorse the ViiV Healthcare group of companies or its products.

    Manufactured for:

    ViiV Healthcare

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    by:

    GlaxoSmithKline

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    ©2021 ViiV Healthcare group of companies or its licensor.

    APR:1PI

  • PATIENT PACKAGE INSERT

    Patient Information

    APRETUDE (AP-reh-tood)

    (cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension)

    for intramuscular use

    What is the most important information I should know about APRETUDE?

    Important information for people who receive APRETUDE to help reduce their risk of getting human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection, also called pre-exposure prophylaxis or “PrEP”:

    Before receiving APRETUDE to reduce your risk of getting HIV-1:

    You must be HIV-1 negative to start APRETUDE. You must get tested to make sure that you do not already have HIV-1 infection.
    Do not receive APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP unless you are confirmed to be HIV-1 negative.
    Some HIV-1 tests can miss HIV-1 infection in a person who has recently become infected. If you have flu-like symptoms, you could have recently become infected with HIV-1. Tell your healthcare provider if you had a flu-like illness within the last month before starting APRETUDE or at any time while receiving APRETUDE. Symptoms of new HIV-1 infection include:
    tiredness
    joint or muscle aches
    sore throat
    rash
    enlarged lymph nodes in the neck or groin
    fever
    headache
    vomiting or diarrhea
    night sweats

    While you are receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP:

    APRETUDE does not prevent other sexually transmitted infections. Practice safer sex by using a latex or polyurethane condom to reduce the risk of getting sexually transmitted infections.
    You must stay HIV-1 negative to keep receiving APRETUDE for HIV-1 PrEP.
    Know your HIV-1 status and the HIV-1 status of your partners.
    Ask your partners with HIV-1 if they are taking anti-HIV-1 medicines and have an undetectable viral load. An undetectable viral load is when the amount of virus in the blood is too low to be measured in a lab test. To maintain an undetectable viral load, your partners must keep taking HIV-1 medicine as prescribed. Your risk of getting HIV-1 is lower if your partners with HIV-1 are taking effective treatment.
    Get tested for HIV-1 with each APRETUDE injection or when your healthcare provider tells you. You should not miss any HIV-1 tests. If you become HIV-1 infected and continue receiving APRETUDE because you do not know you are HIV-1 infected, the HIV-1 infection may become harder to treat.
    Get tested for other sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. These infections make it easier for HIV-1 to infect you.
    If you think you were exposed to HIV-1, tell your healthcare provider right away. They may want to do more tests to be sure you are still HIV-1 negative.
    Get information and support to help reduce sexual risk behaviors.
    Do not miss any injections of APRETUDE. Missing injections increases your risk of getting HIV-1 infection.
    If you do become HIV-1 positive, you will need to take other medicines to treat HIV-1. APRETUDE is not approved for treatment of HIV-1.

    If you have HIV-1 and receive only APRETUDE, over time your HIV-1 may become harder to treat.

    What is APRETUDE?

    APRETUDE is a prescription medicine used for HIV-1 PrEP to reduce the risk of getting HIV-1 infection in adults and adolescents who weigh at least 77 pounds (at least 35 kg).

    HIV-1 is the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

    It is not known if APRETUDE is safe and effective in children younger than 12 years of age or weighing less than 77 pounds (less than 35 kg).

    Do not receive APRETUDE if you:

    already have HIV-1 infection. If you are HIV-1 positive, you will need to take other medicines to treat HIV-1. APRETUDE is not approved for treatment of HIV-1.
    do not know your HIV-1 infection status. You may already be HIV-1 positive. You need to take other medicines to treat HIV-1. APRETUDE can only help reduce your risk of getting HIV-1 infection before you are infected.
    are allergic to cabotegravir.
    are taking any of the following medicines:
    carbamazepine
    oxcarbazepine
    phenobarbital
    phenytoin
    rifampin
    rifapentine

    Before receiving APRETUDE, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:

    have ever had a skin rash or an allergic reaction to medicines that contain cabotegravir.
    have or have had liver problems.
    have ever had mental health problems.
    are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if APRETUDE will harm your unborn baby. APRETUDE can remain in your body for up to 12 months or longer after the last injection. Tell your healthcare provider if you become pregnant while receiving APRETUDE.
    Pregnancy Registry. There is a pregnancy registry for women who receive APRETUDE during pregnancy. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the health of you and your baby. Talk to your healthcare provider about how you can take part in this registry.
    are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if APRETUDE can pass to your baby in your breast milk. Talk with your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby while receiving APRETUDE.

    Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

    Some medicines may interact with APRETUDE. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

    You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for a list of medicines that interact with APRETUDE.

    Do not start a new medicine without telling your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider can tell you if it is safe to receive APRETUDE with other medicines.

    How will I receive APRETUDE?

    APRETUDE is initially given as an injection into the muscle of your buttock 1 time every month for the first 2 months, then as an injection 1 time every 2 months.
    Before receiving your first injection dose of APRETUDE, your healthcare provider may have you take 1 oral cabotegravir tablet 1 time a day for 1 month (at least 28 days). This will allow your healthcare provider to assess how well you will tolerate cabotegravir.
    APRETUDE is a long-acting medicine and may stay in your body for 12 months or longer after your last injection.
    Stay under the care of a healthcare provider while receiving APRETUDE. It is important that you receive APRETUDE as scheduled.
    If you miss or plan to miss a scheduled injection of APRETUDE by more than 7 days, call your healthcare provider right away to discuss your PrEP options.
    If you stop receiving APRETUDE, talk to your healthcare provider about other options to reduce the risk of getting HIV-1 infection.

    What are the possible side effects of APRETUDE?

    APRETUDE may cause serious side effects including:

    Allergic reactions. Call your healthcare provider right away if you develop a rash with APRETUDE. Stop receiving APRETUDE and get medical help right away if you develop a rash with any of the following signs or symptoms:
    fever
    generally ill feeling
    tiredness
    muscle or joint aches
    trouble breathing
    blisters or sores in mouth
    blisters
    redness or swelling of the eyes
    swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue
    Liver problems. Liver problems have happened in people with or without a history of liver problems or other risk factors. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your liver function.
    Call your healthcare provider right away if you develop any of the following signs or symptoms of liver problems:
    your skin or the white part of your eyes turns yellow (jaundice)
    dark or “tea-colored” urine
    light-colored stools (bowel movements)
    nausea or vomiting
    loss of appetite
    pain, aching, or tenderness on the right side of your stomach area
    itching
    Depression or mood changes. Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms:
    feeling sad or hopeless
    feeling anxious or restless
    have thoughts of hurting yourself (suicide) or have tried to hurt yourself

    The most common side effects of APRETUDE include:

    pain, tenderness, hardened mass or lump, swelling, bruising, redness, itching, warmth, loss of sensation at the injection site, abscess, and discoloration
    diarrhea
    headache
    fever
    tiredness
    sleep problems
    nausea
    dizziness
    passing gas
    stomach pain
    vomiting
    muscle pain
    rash
    loss of appetite
    drowsiness
    back pain
    upper respiratory infection

    These are not all the possible side effects of APPRETUDE.

    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1‑800‑FDA‑1088.

    General information about the safe and effective use of APRETUDE.

    Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about APRETUDE that is written for health professionals.

    What are the ingredients in APRETUDE?

    Active ingredient: cabotegravir

    Inactive ingredients: mannitol, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350, polysorbate 20, and Water for Injection.

    Manufactured for:

    ViiV Healthcare

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    by:

    GlaxoSmithKline

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    APRETUDE is a trademark owned by or licensed to the ViiV Healthcare group of companies.

    ©2021 ViiV Healthcare group of companies or its licensor.

    APR:1PIL

    For more information, go to www.apretude.com or call 1-877-844-8872.

     
    This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Issued: December 2021
  • INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

    Instructions for Use header

    Overview:

    A complete dose of APRETUDE requires 1 injection: 600 mg (3 mL) of cabotegravir.

    APRETUDE is a suspension that does not need further dilution or reconstitution.

    APRETUDE is for gluteal intramuscular use only.

    Note: The ventrogluteal site is recommended.

    storage information Storage information

    Store at 2°C to 25°C (36°F to 77°F). Exposure up to 30°C (86°F) permitted.

    Do not freeze.

    Prior to administration:

    If the pack has been stored in the refrigerator, the vial should be brought to room temperature prior to administration (not to exceed 30°C [86°F]).
    Once APRETUDE has been drawn into the syringe, the medication can remain in the syringe for up to 2 hours before injecting. The filled syringes should not be placed in the refrigerator. If the medicine remains in the syringe for more than 2 hours, the filled syringe and needle must be discarded.
    Kit contents

    Your pack contains:

    1 vial of APRETUDE
    1 vial adapter
    1 syringe
    1 injection needle (23 gauge, 1½ inch)
    Consider the individual’s build and use medical judgment to select an appropriate injection needle length.

    You will also need:

    Non-sterile gloves
    2 alcohol wipes
    2 gauze pads
    A suitable sharps container

    Preparation:

    1. Inspect the vial.

    Figure A

    Figure A

    Check that the expiration date has not passed. See Figure A.
    Inspect the vial immediately. If you can see foreign matter, do not use the product.
     
    Note: The vial has a brown tint to the glass.
     
    Do not use if the expiration date has passed.
    If the pack has been stored in the refrigerator, allow the medication to come to room temperature.

    2. Shake the vial vigorously.

    Figure B

    Figure B

    Hold the vial firmly, and vigorously shake for a full 10 seconds. See Figure B.
    Invert the vial and confirm the suspension is uniform. It should look uniform.
    If the suspension is not uniform, shake the vial again.
    It is also normal to see small air bubbles.

    3. Remove the vial cap.

    Figure C

    Figure C

    Remove the cap from the vial. See Figure C.
    Wipe the rubber stopper with an alcohol wipe.
     
    Do not allow anything to touch the rubber stopper after wiping it.

    4. Peel open the vial adapter.

    Figure D

    Figure D

    Peel off the paper backing from the vial adapter packaging. See Figure D.
     
    Note: Keep the adapter in place in its packaging for the next step.

    5. Attach the vial adapter.

    Figure E

    Figure E

    Press the vial adapter straight down onto the vial using the packaging, as shown. The vial adapter should snap securely into place.
    When you are ready, lift off the vial adapter packaging as shown. See Figure E.

    6. Prepare the syringe.

    Figure F

    Figure F

    Remove the syringe from its packaging.
    Draw 1 mL of air into the syringe. This will make it easier to draw up the medicine later. See Figure F.

    7. Attach the syringe.

    Figure G

    Figure G

    Hold the vial adapter and vial firmly, as shown.
    Screw the syringe firmly onto the vial adapter.
    Press the plunger all the way down to push the air into the vial. See Figure G.

    8. Slowly draw up the dose.

    Figure H

    Figure H

    Invert the syringe and vial and slowly withdraw as much of the medicine as possible into the syringe. There may be more medicine than the dose amount. See Figure H.

    9. Unscrew the syringe.

    Figure I

    Figure I

    Unscrew the syringe from the vial adapter, holding the vial adapter as shown. See Figure I.
     
    Note: Keep the syringe upright to avoid leakage. Check that the suspension looks uniform and milky white.

    10. Attach the needle.

    Figure J

    Figure J

    Peel open the needle packaging part way to expose the needle base.
    Keeping the syringe upright, firmly twist the syringe onto the needle.
    Remove the needle packaging from the needle. See Figure J.

    Injection:

    11. Prepare the injection site.

    Figure K

    Figure K

     
    APRETUDE must be administered to a gluteal site. See Figure K.
     
    Select from the following areas for the injection:
    1.
    Ventrogluteal, as shown (recommended)
    2.
    Dorsogluteal, not shown (upper outer quadrant)
     
    Note: For gluteal intramuscular use only.
    Do not inject intravenously.

    12. Remove the cap.

    Figure L

    Figure L

    Fold the needle guard away from the needle. See Figure L.
    Pull off the injection needle cap.

    13. Remove extra liquid from the syringe.

    Figure M

    Figure M

    Hold the syringe with the needle pointing up. Press the plunger to the 3-mL dosing mark to remove extra liquid and any air bubbles. See Figure M.
     
    Note: Clean the injection site with an alcohol wipe. Allow the skin to air dry before continuing.

    14. Stretch the skin.

    Figure N

    Figure N

     
    Use the z-track injection technique to minimize medicine leakage from the injection site.
    1.
    Firmly drag the skin covering the injection site, displacing it by about an inch (2.5 cm). See Figure N.
    2.
    Keep it held in this position for the injection.

    15. Insert the needle.

    Figure O

    Figure O

    Insert the needle to its full depth, or deep enough to reach the muscle. See Figure O.

    16. Inject the dose of medicine.

    Figure P

    Figure P

    Still holding the skin stretched – slowly press the plunger all the way down. See Figure P.
    Ensure the syringe is empty.
    Withdraw the needle and release the stretched skin immediately.

    17. Assess the injection site.

    Figure Q

    Figure Q

    Apply pressure to the injection site using a gauze pad. See Figure Q.
    A small bandage may be used if bleeding occurs.
     
    Do not massage the area.

    18. Make the needle safe.

    Figure R

    Figure R

    Fold the needle guard over the needle.
    Gently apply pressure using a hard surface to lock the needle guard in place.
    The needle guard will make a click when it locks. See Figure R.

    After injection:

    19. Dispose safely.

    Figure S

    Figure S

    Dispose of used needle, syringe, vial, and vial adapter according to local health and safety laws. See Figure S.

    Questions and Answers

    1.
    If the pack has been stored in the refrigerator, is it safe to warm the vial up to room temperature more quickly?
    The vial should be brought to room temperature before you are ready to give the injection, but make sure the vial does not get above 30°C (86°F).
     
    Do not use any heating methods, other than using the warmth of your hands.
    2.
    How long can APRETUDE be left in the syringe?
    It is best to inject (room temperature) APRETUDE as soon as possible after drawing it up. However, APRETUDE can remain in the syringe for up to 2 hours before injecting.
    If the medicine remains in the syringe for more than 2 hours, the filled syringe and needle must be discarded.
    3.
    Why do I need to inject air into the vial?
    Injecting 1 mL of air into the vial makes it easier to draw up the medicine into the syringe. Without the air, some liquid may flow back into the vial unintentionally, leaving less medicine than intended in the syringe.
    4.
    Why is the ventrogluteal administration approach recommended?
    The ventrogluteal approach into the gluteus medius muscle is recommended because it is located away from major nerves and blood vessels. A dorsogluteal approach into the gluteus maximus muscle is acceptable, if preferred by the healthcare professional. The injection should not be administered in any other site.

    Manufactured for:

    ViiV Healthcare

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    by:

    GlaxoSmithKline

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    APRETUDE is a trademark owned by or licensed to the ViiV Healthcare group of companies.

    ©2021 ViiV Healthcare group of companies or its licensor.

    APR:2IFU

     
    This Instructions for Use has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Issued: 12/2021
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    Principal Display Panel

    NDC 49702-264-23

    Apretude

    (cabotegravir extended-release injectable suspension)

    600 mg/3 mL

    (200 mg/mL)

    Rx Only

    For gluteal intramuscular use only.

    Healthcare Professional Administration Only.

    Contents:

    1 Single-dose vial

    1 Vial adapter

    1 Syringe

    1 Injection needle (23 gauge, 1 ½ inch)

    Prescribing Information

    Patient Information

    Instructions for Use

    ViiV Healthcare

    600 mg/ 3 mL Kit

    Made in Singapore

    Rev. 12/21

    ©2021 ViiV Healthcare group of companies or its licensor.

    62000000066159

    Apretude 3 mL kit carton
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    APRETUDE 
    cabotegravir kit
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:49702-264
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:49702-264-231 in 1 CARTON; Type 0: Not a Combination Product12/20/2021
    Quantity of Parts
    Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
    Part 11 VIAL 3 mL
    Part 1 of 1
    CABOTEGRAVIR 
    cabotegravir injection, suspension, extended release
    Product Information
    Item Code (Source)NDC:49702-238
    Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULAR
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    CABOTEGRAVIR (UNII: HMH0132Z1Q) (CABOTEGRAVIR - UNII:HMH0132Z1Q) CABOTEGRAVIR200 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350 (UNII: G2M7P15E5P)  
    POLYSORBATE 20 (UNII: 7T1F30V5YH)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Product Characteristics
    ColorWHITE (white to light pink) Score    
    ShapeSize
    FlavorImprint Code
    Contains    
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:49702-238-033 mL in 1 VIAL; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    NDANDA21549912/20/2021
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    NDANDA21549912/20/2021
    Labeler - ViiV Healthcare Company (027295585)