Label: DEXTROSE- dextrose monohydrate injection, solution

  • NDC Code(s): 0338-0017-01, 0338-0017-02, 0338-0017-03, 0338-0017-04, view more
    0338-0017-10, 0338-0017-11, 0338-0017-18, 0338-0017-31, 0338-0017-38, 0338-0017-41, 0338-0017-48, 0338-0023-02, 0338-0023-03, 0338-0023-04
  • Packager: Baxter Healthcare Corporation
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated December 22, 2014

If you are a consumer or patient please visit this version.

  • DESCRIPTION

    Dextrose Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid replenishment and caloric supply in single dose containers for intravenous administration. It contains no antimicrobial agents. Composition, osmolarity, pH, and caloric content are shown in Table 1.

    Table 1
    Size
    (mL)
    * Dextrose
    Hydrous,
    USP (g/L)
    Osmolarity
    (mOsmol/L)
    (calc.)
    pH Caloric
    Content
    (kcal/L)

    5% Dextrose
    Injection, USP

    25

    50

    252

    4.0
    (3.2 to 6.5)

    170

    Quad pack

    50

    Single pack

    Quad pack

    Multi pack

    100

    Single pack

    Quad pack

    Multi pack

    150

    250

    500

    1000

    10% Dextrose
    Injection, USP

    250
    500
    1000

    100

    505

    4.0
    (3.2 to 6.5)

    340

    D-Glucose monohydrate formula

    The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological test for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.

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  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Dextrose Injection, USP has value as a source of water and calories. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

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  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Dextrose Injection, USP is indicated as a source of water and calories.

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  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Solutions containing dextrose may be contraindicated in patients with known allergy to corn or corn products.

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  • WARNINGS

    Dextrose Injection, USP should not be administered simultaneously with blood through the same administration set because of the possibility of pseudoagglutination or hemolysis.

    The intravenous administration of these solutions can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutive states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injections. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injections.

    Excessive administration of dextrose injections may result in significant hypokalemia.

    In very low birth weight infants, excessive or rapid administration of dextrose injection may result in increased serum osmolality and possible intracerebral hemorrhage.

    Monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

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  • PRECAUTIONS

    General

    Do not connect flexible plastic containers in series in order to avoid air embolism due to possible residual air contained in the primary container. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from the primary container before administration of the fluid from the secondary container is completed.

    Pressurizing intravenous solutions contained in flexible plastic containers to increase flow rates can result in air embolism if the residual air in the container is not fully evacuated prior to administration.

    Use of a vented intravenous administration set with the vent in the open position could result in air embolism. Vented intravenous administration sets with the vent in the open position should not be used with flexible plastic containers.

    Dextrose Injection, USP should be used with caution in patients with overt or subclinical diabetes mellitus.

    Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category C

    There are no adequate and well controlled studies with Dextrose Injection, USP in pregnant women and animal reproduction studies have not been conductedwith this drug. Therefore, it is not known whether Dextrose Injection, USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Dextrose Injection, USP should be given during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

    Labor and Delivery

    Intrapartum maternal intravenous infusion of glucose-containing solutions may produce maternal hyperglycemia with subsequent fetal hyperglycemia and fetal metabolic acidosis. Fetal hyperglycemia can result in increased fetal insulin levels which may result in neonatal hypoglycemia following delivery. Consider the potential risks and benefits for each specific patient before administering Dextrose Injection , USP.

    Nursing Mothers

    It is not known whether this drug is present in human milk. Because many drugs are present in human milk, caution should be exercised when a Dextrose Injection, USP is administered to a nursing woman.

    Pediatric Use

    The use of Dextrose Injection, USP in pediatric patients is based on clinical practice (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

    Newborns – especially those born premature and with low birth weight - are at increased risk of developing hypo- or hyperglycemia and therefore need close monitoring during treatment with intravenous glucose solutions to ensure adequate glycemic control in order to avoid potential long term adverse effects. Hypoglycemia in the newborn can cause prolonged seizures, coma and brain damage. Hyperglycemia has been associated with intraventricular hemorrhage, late onset bacterial and fungal infection, retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, prolonged length of hospital stay, and death.

    Geriatric Use

    Clinical studies of Dextrose Injection, USP did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

    This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

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  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and chills.

    Reactions which may occur because of the injection or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.

    If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

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  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    As directed by a physician. Dosage is dependent upon the age, weight and clinical condition of the patient as well as laboratory determinations.

    Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Use of a final filter is recommended during administration of all parenteral solutions, where possible.

    Do not administer unless solution is clear and seal is intact.

    All injections in VIAFLEX plastic containers are intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment.

    The dosage selection and constant infusion rate of intravenous dextrose must be selected with caution in pediatric patients, particularly neonates and low birth weight infants, because of the increased risk of hyperglycemia/ hypoglycemia. Frequent monitoring of serum glucose concentrations is required when dextrose is prescribed to pediatric patients, particularly neonates and low birth weight infants. The infusion rate and volume depends on the age, weight, clinical and metabolic conditions of the patient, concomitant therapy and should be determined by the consulting physician experienced in pediatric intravenous fluid therapy.

    Additives may be incompatible. Complete information is not available. Those additives known to be incompatible should not be used. Consult with pharmacist, if available. If, in the informed judgment of the physician, it is deemed advisable to introduce additives, use aseptic technique. Mix thoroughly when additives have been introduced. Do not store solutions containing additives.

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  • HOW SUPPLIED

    Dextrose Injection, USP in VIAFLEX plastic container is available as follows:

    Code

    Size
    (mL)

    NDC

    Product Name

     

    25

     

     

    2B0080

    Quad pack

    0338-0017-10

    5% Dextrose Injection, USP

     

    50

     

     

    2B0086

    Single pack

    0338-0017-41

    5% Dextrose Injection, USP

    2B0081

    Quad pack

    0338-0017-11

    2B0088

    Multi pack

    0338-0017-31

     

    100

     

     

    2B0087

    Single pack

    0338-0017-48

    5% Dextrose Injection, USP

    2B0082

    Quad pack

    0338-0017-18

    2B0089

    Multi pack

    0338-0017-38

    2B0061

    150

    0338-0017-01

    2B0062

    250

    0338-0017-02

    2B0063

    500

    0338-0017-03

    2B0064

    1000

    0338-0017-04

    2B0162

    250

    0338-0023-02

    10% Dextrose Injection, USP

    2B0163

    500

    0338-0023-03

    2B0164

    1000

    0338-0023-04

    Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended the product be stored at room temperature (25°C/77°F); brief exposure up to 40°C/104°F does not adversely affect the product.

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  • DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF VIAFLEX PLASTIC CONTAINER

    For Information on Risk of Air Embolism – see PRECAUTIONS

    To Open

    Tear overwrap down side at slit and remove solution container. Visually inspect the container. If the outlet port protector is damaged, detached, or not present, discard container as solution path sterility may be impaired. Some opacity of the plastic due to moisture absorption during the sterilization process may be observed. This is normal and does not affect the solution quality or safety. The opacity will diminish gradually. Check for minute leaks by squeezing inner bag firmly. If leaks are found, discard solution as sterility may be impaired. If supplemental medication is desired, follow “To Add Medication” directions below.

    Preparation for Administration

    1.
    Suspend container from eyelet support.
    2.
    Remove protector from outlet port at bottom of container.
    3.
    Attach administration set. Refer to complete directions accompanying set.

    To Add Medication

    Additives may be incompatible.

    To add medication before solution administration

    1.
    Prepare medication site.
    2.
    Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.
    3.
    Mix solution and medication thoroughly. For high density medication such as potassium chloride, squeeze ports while ports are upright and mix thoroughly.

    To add medication during solution administration

    1.
    Close clamp on the set.
    2.
    Prepare medication site.
    3.
    Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.
    4.
    Remove container from IV pole and/or turn to an upright position.
    5.
    Evacuate both ports by squeezing them while container is in the upright position.
    6.
    Mix solution and medication thoroughly.
    7.
    Return container to in-use position and continue administration.
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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Baxter Healthcare Corporation
    Deerfield, IL 60015 USA

    Printed in USA

    07-19-69-268 Rev. December 2014

    Baxter, PL 146, and Viaflex are trademarks of Baxter International Inc.

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  • PACKAGE LABELING - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    Dextrose Representative Container Label

    Container Label

    Container Label

    LOT

    EXP

    5% Dextrose
    Injection USP

    2B0061
    NDC 0038-0017-01

    150 mL

    Each 100 mL contains
    5 g DextroseHydrous
    USP pH 4.0 (3.2 to 6.5)
    Osmolarity 252 mOsmol/L (calc)
    SterileNonpyrogenic Single dose
    container Read package insert for full
    information Additives may be
    incompatible Dosage Intravenously as
    directed by a physician Cautions
    Squeeze and inspect inner bag which
    maintains product sterility Discard if
    leaks are found Must not be used in
    series connections Do not administer
    simultaneously with blood Do not
    useunless solution is clear Rx Only
    Store unit in moisture barrier overwrap
    at room temperature(25°C/77°F) until
    ready to use Avoid excessive heat See
    insert

    Viaflex container PL146 plastic

    BAXTER VIAFLEX and PL 146 are
    trademarks of Baxter International Inc

    For product information 1-800-933-0303

    Baxter
    Baxter Healthcare Corporation
    Deerfield, IL 60015 USA
    Made in USA

    Dextrose Representative Carton Label

    Carton Label

    Carton Label

    2B0061

    36-150 ML

    VIAFLEX(R) CONTAINER

    5% DEXTROSE INJECTION, USP

    SECONDARY BAR CODE
    (17) YYMMOO (10) XXXXX

    PRIMARY BAR CODE
    (01) 5030338017015

    EXP
    XXXXX

    LOT
    XXXXX

    Representative Container Label NDC 0338-0023-03

    Container Label

    Container Label

    LOT

    EXP

    2B0063
    NDC 0038-0023-03
    DIN 00060364

    10% Dextrose
    Injection USP

    500 mL

    Each 100 mL contain 10 g Dextrose Hydrous USP
    pH 4.0 (3.2 to 6.5) Hypertonic Osmolarity 505
    mOsmol/L (calc) Sterile Nonpyrogenic Single dose
    container Additives may be incompatible Consult with
    pharmacist if available When introducing additives use
    aseptic technique Mix thorouhly Do not store
    Dosage Intravenously as directed by a physician See
    cirections Cautions Squeeze and inspect inner bag
    which maintains product sterility Discard if leaks are
    found Must not be used in series connections Do not
    administer simultaneously with blood Do not use
    unless solution is clear Rx Only Store unit in
    moisture barrier overwrap at room temperature
    (25°C/77°F) until ready to use Avoid excessive heat
    See insert

    Viaflex container PL 146 plastic

    BAXTER VIAFLEX and PL 146 are trademarks of
    Baxter International Inc

    For product information 1-800-933-0303

    Baxter logo
    Baxter Healthcare Corporation
    Deerfield, IL 60015 USA
    Made in USA

    Distribute in Canada By
    Baxter Corporation
    Toronto Ontario Canada

    Representative Carton Label 0338-0023-03

    Carton Label

    Carton Label

    2B0063Q

    24-500 ML

    VIAFLEX(R) CONTAINER

    10% DEXTROSE INJECTION, USP

    SECONDARY BAR CODE
    (17) YYMMOO (10) XXXXX

    PRIMARY BAR CODE
    (01) 50303380023030

    EXP
    XXXXX

    LOT
    XXXXX

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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    DEXTROSE 
    dextrose monohydrate injection, solution
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0338-0017
    Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    DEXTROSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: LX22YL083G) (ANHYDROUS DEXTROSE - UNII:5SL0G7R0OK) DEXTROSE MONOHYDRATE 50 g  in 1000 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0338-0017-10 4 in 1 POUCH 03/04/1971
    1 25 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    2 NDC:0338-0017-41 1 in 1 PACKAGE 03/04/1971
    2 50 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    3 NDC:0338-0017-11 4 in 1 POUCH 03/04/1971
    3 50 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    4 NDC:0338-0017-31 16 in 1 POUCH 03/04/1971
    4 50 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    5 NDC:0338-0017-48 1 in 1 PACKAGE 03/04/1971
    5 100 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    6 NDC:0338-0017-18 4 in 1 POUCH 03/04/1971
    6 100 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    7 NDC:0338-0017-38 16 in 1 POUCH 03/04/1971
    7 100 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    8 NDC:0338-0017-01 150 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 03/04/1971
    9 NDC:0338-0017-02 250 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 03/04/1971
    10 NDC:0338-0017-03 500 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 03/04/1971
    11 NDC:0338-0017-04 1000 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 03/04/1971
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA016673 03/04/1971
    DEXTROSE 
    dextrose monohydrate injection, solution
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0338-0023
    Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    DEXTROSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: LX22YL083G) (ANHYDROUS DEXTROSE - UNII:5SL0G7R0OK) DEXTROSE MONOHYDRATE 100 g  in 1000 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0338-0023-02 250 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 01/25/1971
    2 NDC:0338-0023-03 500 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 01/25/1971
    3 NDC:0338-0023-04 1000 mL in 1 BAG; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 01/25/1971
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA016694 01/25/1971
    Labeler - Baxter Healthcare Corporation (005083209)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Baxter Healthcare Corporation 059140764 ANALYSIS(0338-0017, 0338-0023) , LABEL(0338-0017, 0338-0023) , MANUFACTURE(0338-0017, 0338-0023) , PACK(0338-0017, 0338-0023) , STERILIZE(0338-0017, 0338-0023)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Baxter Healthcare Corporation 194684502 ANALYSIS(0338-0017, 0338-0023)
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