Label: OXYBUTYNIN CHLORIDE syrup
- NDC Code(s): 60432-092-16
- Packager: Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
- Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
- DEA Schedule: None
- Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application
Updated December 21, 2018
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Chemically, oxybutynin chloride is 4-(Diethylamino)-2-butynyl (±)-α-phenylcyclohexaneglycolate hydrochloride. The molecular formula of oxybutynin chloride is C22H31NO3•HCl. The structural formula appears below:
Each 5 mL, for oral administration, contains 5 mg of oxybutynin chloride. In addition, the following inactive ingredients are present: Artificial raspberry flavor; citric acid, USP; D&C Yellow No. 10; FD&C Blue No. 1; glycerin, USP; liquid sugar; methylparaben, NF; propylene glycol, USP; sodium citrate, USP and sorbitol solution, USP.
Therapeutic Category: Antispasmodic, anticholinergic.
Oxybutynin chloride exerts direct antispasmodic effect on smooth muscle and inhibits the muscarinic action of acetylcholine on smooth muscle. Oxybutynin chloride exhibits only one fifth of the anticholinergic activity of atropine on the rabbit detrusor muscle, but four to ten times the antispasmodic activity. No blocking effects occur at skeletal neuromuscular junctions or autonomic ganglia (antinicotinic effects).
Oxybutynin chloride relaxes bladder smooth muscle. In patients with conditions characterized by involuntary bladder contractions, cystometric studies have demonstrated that oxybutynin chloride increases bladder (vesical) capacity, diminishes the frequency of uninhibited contractions of the detrusor muscle, and delays the initial desire to void. Oxybutynin chloride thus decreases urgency and the frequency of both incontinent episodes and voluntary urination.
Oxybutynin chloride was well tolerated in patients administered the drug in controlled studies of 30 days duration and in uncontrolled studies in which some patients received the drug for 2 years. Pharmacokinetic information is not currently available.
- INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Oxybutynin chloride is contraindicated in patients with untreated angle closure glaucoma and in patients with untreated narrow anterior chamber angles since anticholinergic drugs may aggravate these conditions.
It is also contraindicated in partial or complete obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract, paralytic ileus, intestinal atony of the elderly or debilitated patient, megacolon, toxic megacolon complicating ulcerative colitis, severe colitis, and myasthenia gravis. It is contraindicated in patients with obstructive uropathy and in patients with unstable cardiovascular status in acute hemorrhage.
Oxybutynin chloride is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated hypersensitivity to the product.
Oxybutynin chloride, when administered in the presence of a high environmental temperature, can cause heat prostration (fever and heat stroke due to decreased sweating). Diarrhea may be an early symptom of incomplete intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with ileostomy, or colostomy. In this instance treatment with oxybutynin chloride would be inappropriate and possibly harmful.
Oxybutynin chloride may produce drowsiness or blurred vision. The patient should be cautioned regarding activities requiring mental alertness such as operating a motor vehicle or other machinery or performing hazardous work while taking this drug.
Alcohol or other sedative drugs may enhance the drowsiness caused by oxybutynin chloride.
Oxybutynin chloride should be used with caution in the elderly and in all patients with autonomic neuropathy, hepatic or renal disease. Oxybutynin chloride may aggravate the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, hiatal hernia, tachycardia, hypertension, and prostatic hypertrophy.
Administration of oxybutynin chloride to patients with ulcerative colitis may suppress intestinal motility to the point of producing a paralytic ileus and precipitate or aggravate toxic megacolon, a serious complication of the disease.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Oxybutynin chloride showed no increase of mutagenic activity when tested in Schizosaccharomyces pompholiciformis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Salmonella typhimurium test systems. Reproduction studies in the hamster, rabbit, rat, and mouse have shown no definite evidence of impaired fertility.
Teratogenic Effects-Pregnancy Category B
Reproduction studies in the hamster, rabbit, rat, and mouse have shown no definite evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the animal fetus. The safety of oxybutynin chloride administered to women who are or who may become pregnant has not been established. Therefore, oxybutynin chloride should not be given to pregnant women unless, in the judgment of the physician, the probable clinical benefits outweigh the possible hazards.
The safety and efficacy of oxybutynin chloride administration have been demonstrated for pediatric patients 5 years of age and older (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION). However, as there is insufficient clinical data for pediatric patients under age 5, oxybutynin chloride is not recommended for this age group.
Cardiovascular: Palpitations, tachycardia, vasodilatation
Dermatologic: Decreased sweating, rash
Gastrointestinal/Genitourinary: Constipation, decreased gastrointestinal motility, dry mouth, nausea, urinary hesitance and retention
Nervous System: Asthenia, dizziness, drowsiness, hallucinations, insomnia, restlessness
Ophthalmic: Amblyopia, cycloplegia, decreased lacrimation, mydriasis
Other: Impotence, suppression of lactation
The symptoms of overdosage with oxybutynin chloride may be any of those seen with other anticholinergic agents. Symptoms may include signs of central nervous system excitation (eg, restlessness, tremor, irritability, convulsions, delirium, hallucinations), flushing, fever, nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, hypotension or hypertension, respiratory failure, paralysis, and coma. In the event of an overdose or exaggerated response, treatment should be symptomatic and supportive. Maintain respiration and induce emesis or perform gastric lavage (emesis is contraindicated in precomatose patients, convulsive or psychotic state). Activated charcoal may be administered as well as a cathartic. Physostigmine may be considered to reverse symptoms of anticholinergic intoxication. Hyperpyrexia may be treated symptomatically with ice bags or other cold applications and sponges.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Pharmacist: Dispense in tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.
Product No.: 8092
Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Morton Grove, IL 60053
- PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL Bottle Label
INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
oxybutynin chloride syrup
Product Information Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:60432-092 Route of Administration ORAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength OXYBUTYNIN CHLORIDE (UNII: L9F3D9RENQ) (OXYBUTYNIN - UNII:K9P6MC7092) OXYBUTYNIN CHLORIDE 5 mg in 5 mL Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE (UNII: B22547B95K) ANHYDROUS CITRIC ACID (UNII: XF417D3PSL) SUCROSE (UNII: C151H8M554) SORBITOL (UNII: 506T60A25R) GLYCERIN (UNII: PDC6A3C0OX) PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3) METHYLPARABEN (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T) FD&C BLUE NO. 1 (UNII: H3R47K3TBD) D&C YELLOW NO. 10 (UNII: 35SW5USQ3G) Product Characteristics Color BLUE, GREEN Score Shape Size Flavor RASPBERRY Imprint Code Contains Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:60432-092-16 473 mL in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 02/12/1997 Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date ANDA ANDA074868 02/12/1997 Labeler - Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (801897505) Registrant - Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (801897505) Establishment Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 801897505 ANALYSIS(60432-092) , MANUFACTURE(60432-092) , PACK(60432-092)