Label: GENTAMICIN SULFATE solution/ drops
- NDC Code(s): 60758-188-05
- Packager: Pacific Pharma, Inc.
- Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
- DEA Schedule: None
- Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application
Updated July 30, 2018
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Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic solution, USP is a sterile, topical anti-infective agent for ophthalmic use.
Gentamicin is obtained from cultures of Micromonospora purpurea. It is a mixture of the sulfate salts of gentamicin C1, C2, and C1A. All three components appear to have similar antimicrobial activity. Gentamicin sulfate occurs as a white to buff powder and is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. The structural formula is as follows:
Each mL contains: Active: gentamicin sulfate equivalent to 3 mg (0.3%) gentamicin base. Preservative: benzalkonium chloride. Inactives: edetate disodium; polyvinyl alcohol 1.4%; purified water; sodium chloride; sodium phosphate, dibasic; and hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide may be added to adjust pH. The solution is an aqueous, buffered solution with a shelf life pH range of 6.5 to 7.5.
Gentamicin sulfate is active in vitro against many strains of the following microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Serratia marcescens.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic solution, USP is indicated in the topical treatment of ocular bacterial infections including conjunctivitis, keratitis, keratoconjunctivitis, corneal ulcers, blepharitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, acute meibomianitis, and dacryocystitis, caused by susceptible strains of the following microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Serratia marcescens.
Prolonged use of topical antibiotics may give rise to overgrowth of nonsusceptible microorganisms, including fungi. Bacterial resistance to gentamicin may also develop. If purulent discharge, inflammation or pain becomes aggravated, the patient should discontinue use of the medication and consult a physician.
If irritation or hypersensitivity to any component of the drug develops, the patient should discontinue use of this preparation and appropriate therapy should be instituted.
Information for Patients
To avoid contamination, do not touch tip of container to the eye, eyelid or any surface.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
There are no published carcinogenicity or impairment of fertility studies on gentamicin. Aminoglycoside antibiotics have been found to be non-mutagenic.
Gentamicin has been shown to depress body weights, kidney weights and median glomerular counts in newborn rats when administered systemically to pregnant rats in daily doses approximately 500 times the maximum recommended ophthalmic human dose. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Gentamicin should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Bacterial and fungal corneal ulcers have developed during treatment with gentamicin ophthalmic preparations.
The most frequently reported adverse reactions are ocular burning and irritation upon drug instillation, non-specific conjunctivitis, conjunctival epithelial defects and conjunctival hyperemia.
Other adverse reactions which have occurred rarely are allergic reactions, thrombocytopenic purpura and hallucinations.
- DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic solution, USP 0.3% is supplied sterile in white opaque LDPE plastic bottles and tips with beige high impact polystyrene (HIPS) caps as follows:
5 mL in 10 mL bottle – NDC 60758-188-05
- PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
gentamicin sulfate solution/ drops
Product Information Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:60758-188 Route of Administration OPHTHALMIC Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength GENTAMICIN SULFATE (UNII: 8X7386QRLV) (GENTAMICIN - UNII:T6Z9V48IKG) GENTAMICIN 3 mg in 1 mL Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength EDETATE DISODIUM (UNII: 7FLD91C86K) POLYVINYL ALCOHOL, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 532B59J990) WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) SODIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC (UNII: GR686LBA74) BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: F5UM2KM3W7) HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB) SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I) Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:60758-188-05 1 in 1 CARTON 01/05/1998 1 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE, DROPPER; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date ANDA ANDA062452 01/05/1998 Labeler - Pacific Pharma, Inc. (877645267)