Label: CARAFATE - sucralfate suspension

  • NDC Code(s): 58914-170-14, 58914-170-60
  • Packager: Aptalis Pharma Inc.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 04/14

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  • DESCRIPTION

    CARAFATE Suspension contains sucralfate and sucralfate is an α-D-glucopyranoside, β-D-fructofuranosyl-, octakis-(hydrogen sulfate), aluminum complex.

    Carafate suspension structure

    CARAFATE Suspension for oral administration contains 1 g of sucralfate per 10 mL.

    CARAFATE Suspension also contains: colloidal silicon dioxide NF, FD&C Red #40, flavor, glycerin USP, methylcellulose USP, methylparaben NF, microcrystalline cellulose NF, purified water USP, simethicone USP, and sorbitol solution USP. Therapeutic category: antiulcer.

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  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Sucralfate is only minimally absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The small amounts of the sulfated disaccharide that are absorbed are excreted primarily in the urine.

    Although the mechanism of sucralfate’s ability to accelerate healing of duodenal ulcers remains to be fully defined, it is known that it exerts its effect through a local, rather than systemic, action. The following observations also appear pertinent:

    1. Studies in human subjects and with animal models of ulcer disease have shown that sucralfate forms an ulcer-adherent complex with proteinaceous exudate at the ulcer site.
    2. In vitro, a sucralfate-albumin film provides a barrier to diffusion of hydrogen ions.
    3. In human subjects, sucralfate given in doses recommended for ulcer therapy inhibits pepsin activity in gastric juice by 32%.
    4. In vitro, sucralfate adsorbs bile salts.

    These observations suggest that sucralfate’s antiulcer activity is the result of formation of an ulcer-adherent complex that covers the ulcer site and protects it against further attack by acid, pepsin, and bile salts. There are approximately 14 to 16 mEq of acid-neutralizing capacity per 1 g dose of sucralfate.

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  • CLINICAL TRIALS

    In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of CARAFATE Suspension, a dosage regimen of 1 g (10 mL) four times daily was demonstrated to be superior to placebo in ulcer healing. 

    Results From Clinical Trials Healing Rates for Acute Duodenal Ulcer
     
    *
    P=0.016
    P=0.001
    P=0.0001
    Treatment Week 2 Healing Rates Week 4 Healing Rates Week 8 Healing Rates
    CARAFATE Suspension 145 23(16%)*  66(46%) 95(66%) 
    Placebo 147  10(7%) 39(27%)  58(39%)

     Equivalence of sucralfate suspension to sucralfate tablets has not been demonstrated. 

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  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    CARAFATE (sucralfate) Suspension is indicated in the short-term (up to 8 weeks) treatment of active duodenal ulcer.

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  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    CARAFATE is contraindicated for patients with known hypersensitivity reactions to the active substance or to any of the excipients. 

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  • PRECAUTIONS

    The physician should read the "PRECAUTIONS" section when considering the use of CARAFATE in pregnant or pediatric patients, or patients of childbearing potential. 

    Duodenal ulcer is a chronic, recurrent disease. While short-term treatment with sucralfate can result in complete healing of the ulcer, a successful course of treatment with sucralfate should not be expected to alter the post healing frequency or severity of duodenal ulceration.

    Episodes of hyperglycemia have been reported in diabetic patients. Close monitoring of glycemia in diabetic patients treated with sucralfate suspension is recommended. Adjustment of the anti-diabetic treatment dose during the use of sucralfate suspension might be necessary.

    Special Populations: Chronic Renal Failure and Dialysis Patients

    When sucralfate is administered orally, small amounts of aluminum are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Concomitant use of sucralfate with other products that contain aluminum, such as aluminum-containing antacids, may increase the total body burden of aluminum. Patients with normal renal function receiving the recommended doses of sucralfate and aluminum-containing products adequately excrete aluminum in the urine. Patients with chronic renal failure or those receiving dialysis have impaired excretion of absorbed aluminum. In addition, aluminum does not cross dialysis membranes because it is bound to albumin and transferrin plasma proteins. Aluminum accumulation and toxicity (aluminum osteodystrophy, osteomalacia, encephalopathy) have been described in patients with renal impairment. Sucralfate should be used with caution in patients with chronic renal failure.

    Drug Interactions

    Some studies have shown that simultaneous sucralfate administration in healthy volunteers reduced the extent of absorption (bioavailability) of single doses of the following: cimetidine, digoxin, fluoroquinolone antibiotics, ketoconazole, l-thyroxine, phenytoin, quinidine, ranitidine, tetracycline, and theophylline. Subtherapeutic prothrombin times with concomitant warfarin and sucralfate therapy have been reported in spontaneous and published case reports. However, two clinical studies have demonstrated no change in either serum warfarin concentration or prothrombin time with the addition of sucralfate to chronic warfarin therapy.

    The mechanism of these interactions appears to be nonsystemic in nature, presumably resulting from sucralfate binding to the concomitant agent in the gastrointestinal tract. In all cases studied to date (cimetidine, ciprofloxacin, digoxin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, and ranitidine), dosing the concomitant medication 2 hours before sucralfate eliminated the interaction. Due to CARAFATE's potential to alter the absorption of some drugs, CARAFATE should be administered separately from other drugs when alterations in bioavailability are felt to be critical. In these cases, patients should be monitored appropriately.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Chronic oral toxicity studies of 24 months’ duration were conducted in mice and rats at doses up to 1 g/kg (12 times the human dose).

    There was no evidence of drug-related tumorigenicity. A reproduction study in rats at doses up to 38 times the human dose did not reveal any indication of fertility impairment. Mutagenicity studies were not conducted.

    Pregnancy

    Teratogenic effects. Pregnancy Category B.

    Teratogenicity studies have been performed in mice, rats, and rabbits at doses up to 50 times the human dose and have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to sucralfate. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

    Nursing Mothers

    It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when sucralfate is administered to a nursing woman.

    Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

    Geriatric Use

    Clinical studies of CARAFATE Suspension did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION)

    This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function (See PRECAUTIONS Special Populations: Chronic Renal Failure and Dialysis Patients). Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

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  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Adverse reactions to sucralfate tablets in clinical trials were minor and only rarely led to discontinuation of the drug. In studies involving over 2700 patients treated with sucralfate, adverse effects were reported in 129 (4.7%).

    Constipation was the most frequent complaint (2%). Other adverse effects reported in less than 0.5% of the patients are listed below by body system:

    Gastrointestinal: diarrhea, dry mouth, flatulence, gastric discomfort, indigestion, nausea, vomiting

    Dermatological: pruritus, rash

    Nervous System: dizziness, insomnia, sleepiness, vertigo

    Other: back pain, headache

    Post-marketing cases of hypersensitivity have been reported with the use of sucralfate suspension, including anaphylactic reactions, dyspnea, lip swelling, edema of the mouth, pharyngeal edema, pruritus, rash, swelling of the face and urticaria.   

    Cases of bronchospasm, laryngeal edema and respiratory tract edema have been reported with an unknown oral formulation of sucralfate. 

    Cases of hyperglycemia have been reported with sucralfate

    Bezoars have been reported in patients treated with sucralfate. The majority of patients had underlying medical conditions that may predispose to bezoar formation (such as delayed gastric emptying) or were receiving concomitant enteral tube feedings.

    Inadvertent injection of insoluble sucralfate and its insoluble excipients has led to fatal complications, including pulmonary and cerebral emboli. Sucralfate is not intended for intravenous administration.

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  • OVERDOSAGE

    Due to limited experience in humans with overdosage of sucralfate, no specific treatment recommendations can be given. Acute oral studies in animals, however, using doses up to 12 g/kg body weight, could not find a lethal dose. Sucralfate is only minimally absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Risks associated with acute overdosage should, therefore, be minimal. In rare reports describing sucralfate overdose, most patients remained asymptomatic. Those few reports where adverse events were described included symptoms of dyspepsia, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

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  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Active Duodenal Ulcer. The recommended adult oral dosage for duodenal ulcer is 1 g (10 mL/2 teaspoons) four times per day. CARAFATE should be administered on an empty stomach.

    Antacids may be prescribed as needed for relief of pain but should not be taken within one-half hour before or after sucralfate.

    While healing with sucralfate may occur during the first week or two, treatment should be continued for 4 to 8 weeks unless healing has been demonstrated by x-ray or endoscopic examination.

    Elderly: In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy (See PRECAUTIONS Geriatric Use).

    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Aptalis Pharma US, Inc. at 1-800-472-2634 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

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  • HOW SUPPLIED

    CARAFATE (sucralfate) Suspension 1 g/10 mL is a pink suspension supplied in bottles of 14 fl oz (NDC 58914-170-14).

    SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING. AVOID FREEZING.

    Store at controlled room temperature 20-25°C (68-77°F)[see USP].

    Rx Only

    Prescribing Information rev. March 2013

    Aptalis Pharma US, Inc.

    100 Somerset Corporate Boulevard

    Bridgewater, NJ 08807

    USA

    CARAFATE® is a registered trademark of Aptalis Pharma Canada Inc., which is an affiliate of Aptalis Pharma US, Inc.

    www.aptalispharma.com

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  • Principal Display Panel

    Carafate Suspension, Bottle

    Carafate bottle
    Carafate Suspension, Box - Sample
    Carafate box

    Carafate Suspension, Foil - Sample

    Carafate foil

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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    CARAFATE  
    sucralfate suspension
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:58914-170
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    Sucralfate (Sucralfate) Sucralfate 1 g  in 10 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    FD&C RED NO. 40 0.004 mg  in 10 mL
    Glycerin 87.92 mg  in 10 mL
    Methylparaben 1.78 mg  in 10 mL
    Sorbitol 177.62 mg  in 10 mL
    Water 618.006 mg  in 10 mL
    Product Characteristics
    Color pink Score     
    Shape Size
    Flavor CHERRY (Maraschino Cherry Artificial Flavor #2359) Imprint Code
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:58914-170-14 414 mL in 1 BOTTLE
    2 NDC:58914-170-60 6 in 1 BOX
    2 295.7 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA019183 12/16/1993
    Labeler - Aptalis Pharma Inc. (033555307)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Sanofi Aventis US, Inc. 783243835 MANUFACTURE(58914-170), pack(58914-170), analysis(58914-170)
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