FOSAMAX- alendronate sodium tablet 
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.


FOSAMAX® (FOSS-ah-max)
(alendronate sodium)

Read the Medication Guide that comes with FOSAMAX® before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about FOSAMAX.

What is the most important information I should know about FOSAMAX?

FOSAMAX can cause serious side effects including:

1. Esophagus problems
2. Low calcium levels in your blood (hypocalcemia)
3. Bone, joint, or muscle pain
4. Severe jaw bone problems (osteonecrosis)
5. Unusual thigh bone fractures
Esophagus problems.
Some people who take FOSAMAX may develop problems in the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth and the stomach). These problems include irritation, inflammation, or ulcers of the esophagus which may sometimes bleed.
  • It is important that you take FOSAMAX exactly as prescribed to help lower your chance of getting esophagus problems. (See the section "How should I take FOSAMAX?")
  • Stop taking FOSAMAX and call your doctor right away if you get chest pain, new or worsening heartburn, or have trouble or pain when you swallow.
Low calcium levels in your blood (hypocalcemia).
FOSAMAX may lower the calcium levels in your blood. If you have low blood calcium before you start taking FOSAMAX, it may get worse during treatment. Your low blood calcium must be treated before you take FOSAMAX. Most people with low blood calcium levels do not have symptoms, but some people may have symptoms. Call your doctor right away if you have symptoms of low blood calcium such as:
  • Spasms, twitches, or cramps in your muscles
  • Numbness or tingling in your fingers, toes, or around your mouth
Your doctor may prescribe calcium and vitamin D to help prevent low calcium levels in your blood, while you take FOSAMAX. Take calcium and vitamin D as your doctor tells you to.
Bone, joint, or muscle pain.
Some people who take FOSAMAX develop severe bone, joint, or muscle pain.
Severe jaw bone problems (osteonecrosis).
Severe jaw bone problems may happen when you take FOSAMAX. Your doctor should examine your mouth before you start FOSAMAX. Your doctor may tell you to see your dentist before you start FOSAMAX. It is important for you to practice good mouth care during treatment with FOSAMAX.
Unusual thigh bone fractures.
Some people have developed unusual fractures in their thigh bone. Symptoms of a fracture may include new or unusual pain in your hip, groin, or thigh.

Call your doctor right away if you have any of these side effects.

What is FOSAMAX?

FOSAMAX is a prescription medicine used to:

It is not known how long FOSAMAX works for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. You should see your doctor regularly to determine if FOSAMAX is still right for you.

FOSAMAX is not for use in children.

Who should not take FOSAMAX?

Do not take FOSAMAX if you:

What should I tell my doctor before taking FOSAMAX?

Before you start FOSAMAX, be sure to talk to your doctor if you:

Especially tell your doctor if you take:

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Certain medicines may affect how FOSAMAX works.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your doctor and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine.

How should I take FOSAMAX?

After swallowing FOSAMAX tablet, wait at least 30 minutes:

Do not lie down for at least 30 minutes after you take FOSAMAX and after you eat your first food of the day.

If you miss a dose of FOSAMAX, do not take it later in the day. Take your missed dose on the next morning after you remember and then return to your normal schedule. Do not take 2 doses on the same day.

If you take too much FOSAMAX, call your doctor. Do not try to vomit. Do not lie down.

What are the possible side effects of FOSAMAX?

FOSAMAX may cause serious side effects.

The most common side effects of FOSAMAX are:

You may get allergic reactions, such as hives or swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Worsening of asthma has been reported.

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of FOSAMAX. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How do I store FOSAMAX?

Keep FOSAMAX and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of FOSAMAX.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use FOSAMAX for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give FOSAMAX to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about FOSAMAX. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about FOSAMAX that is written for health professionals. For more information, go to: or call 1-800-622-4477 (toll-free).

What are the ingredients in FOSAMAX?


Active ingredient: alendronate sodium

Inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, anhydrous lactose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate.

Revised: 11/2020
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.