Pregabalin (pree gab' a lin)
Read this Medication Guide before you start taking pregabalin capsules and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment. If you have any questions about pregabalin capsules, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
What is the most important information I should know about pregabalin capsules?
Pregabalin capsules may cause serious side effects including:
- serious, even life-threatening, allergic reactions
- swelling of your hands, legs and feet
- suicidal thoughts or actions
These serious side effects are described below:
- Serious, even life-threatening, allergic reactions.
Stop taking pregabalin capsules and call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these signs of a serious allergic reaction:
- swelling of your face, mouth, lips, gums, tongue, throat or neck
- trouble breathing
- rash, hives (raised bumps) or blisters
- Like other antiepileptic drugs, pregabalin capsules may cause suicidal thoughts or actions in a very small number of people, about 1 in 500. Call a healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:
- thoughts about suicide or dying
- trouble sleeping (insomnia)
- attempts to commit suicide
- new or worse irritability
- acting aggressive, being angry, or violent
- acting on dangerous impulses
- feeling agitated or restless
- an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania)
- other unusual changes in behavior or mood
If you have suicidal thoughts or actions, do not stop pregabalin capsules without first talking to a healthcare provider.
- Stopping pregabalin capsules suddenly can cause serious problems.
- Suicidal thoughts or actions can be caused by things other than medicines. If you have suicidal thoughts or actions, your healthcare provider may check for other causes.
How can I watch for early symptoms of suicidal thoughts and actions?
- Pay attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts, or feelings.
- Keep all follow-up visits with your healthcare provider as scheduled.
- Call your healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you are worried about symptoms.
- Swelling of your hands, legs and feet. This swelling can be a serious problem for people with heart problems.
- Dizziness and sleepiness. Do not drive a car, work with machines, or do other dangerous activities until you know how pregabalin capsules affect you. Ask your healthcare provider about when it will be okay to do these activities.
What are pregabalin capsules?
Pregabalin capsules are a prescription medicine used in adults, 18 years of age and older to treat:
- pain from damaged nerves (neuropathic pain) that happens with diabetes
- pain from damaged nerves (neuropathic pain) that follows healing of shingles
- fibromyalgia (pain all over your body)
- pain from damaged nerves (neuropathic pain) that follows spinal cord injury
It is not known if pregabalin capsules are safe and effective in people under 18 years of age for the treatment of fibromyalgia and neuropathic pain with diabetes, shingles, or spinal cord injury.
Pregabalin capsules are a prescription medicine used in people 17 years of age and older to treat:
- partial-onset seizures when taken together with other seizure medicines.
For the treatment of partial-onset seizures when taken together with other seizure medicines, it is not known if pregabalin capsules are safe and effective in children under 1 month of age.
Who should not take pregabalin capsules?
Do not take pregabalin capsules if you are allergic to pregabalin or any of the ingredients in pregabalin capsules.
See “What is the most important information I should know about pregabalin capsules?” for the signs of an allergic reaction. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in pregabalin capsules.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking pregabalin capsules?
Before taking pregabalin capsules, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:
- have or have had depression, mood problems or suicidal thoughts or behavior.
- have kidney problems or get kidney dialysis.
- have heart problems including heart failure.
- have a bleeding problem or a low blood platelet count.
- have abused prescription medicines, street drugs, or alcohol in the past.
- have ever had swelling of your face, mouth, tongue, lips, gums, neck, or throat (angioedema).
- plan to father a child. Animal studies have shown that pregabalin, the active ingredient in pregabalin capsules, made male animals less fertile and caused sperm to change. Also, in animal studies, birth defects were seen in the offspring (babies) of male animals treated with pregabalin. It is not known if these problems can happen in people who take pregabalin capsules.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Pregabalin capsules may harm your unborn baby. You and your healthcare provider will decide if you should take pregabalin capsules while you are pregnant.
- If you become pregnant while taking pregabalin capsules, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the North American Antiepileptic Drug Pregnancy Registry. You can enroll in this registry by calling 1-888-233-2334. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the safety of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy. Information about the registry can also be found at the website, http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Pregabalin passes into your breast milk. It is not known if pregabalin can harm your baby. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you take pregabalin capsules. Breastfeeding is not recommended while taking pregabalin capsules.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins or herbal supplements. Pregabalin capsules and other medicines may affect each other causing side effects. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
- angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, which are used to treat many conditions, including high blood pressure. You may have a higher chance for swelling and hives if these medicines are taken with pregabalin capsules.
- Avandia (rosiglitazone) or Actos (pioglitazone) for diabetes. You may have a higher chance of weight gain or swelling of your hands or feet if these medicines are taken with pregabalin capsules.
- any narcotic pain medicine (such as oxycodone), tranquilizers or medicines for anxiety (such as lorazepam). You may have a higher chance for dizziness and sleepiness if these medicines are taken with pregabalin capsules.
- any medicines that make you sleepy.
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine. Do not start a new medicine without talking with your healthcare provider.
How should I take pregabalin capsules?
- Take pregabalin capsules exactly as prescribed. Your healthcare provider will tell you how many pregabalin capsules to take and when to take them.
- Pregabalin capsules may be taken with or without food.
- Your healthcare provider may change your dose. Do not change your dose without talking to your healthcare provider.
- Do not stop taking pregabalin capsules without talking to your healthcare provider. If you stop taking pregabalin capsules suddenly you may have headaches, nausea, diarrhea, trouble sleeping, increased sweating, or you may feel anxious. If you have epilepsy and you stop taking pregabalin capsules suddenly, you may have seizures more often. Talk with your healthcare provider about how to stop pregabalin capsules slowly.
- If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, just skip the missed dose. Take the next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time.
- If you take too many pregabalin capsules, call your healthcare provider or poison control center, or go to the nearest emergency room right away.
What should I avoid while taking pregabalin capsules?
- Do not drive a car, work with machines, or do other dangerous activities until you know how pregabalin capsules affect you.
- Do not drink alcohol while taking pregabalin capsules. Pregabalin capsules and alcohol can affect each other and increase side effects such as sleepiness and dizziness.
What are the possible side effects of pregabalin capsules?
Pregabalin capsules may cause serious side effects, including:
- See “What is the most important information I should know about pregabalin capsules?”
- Muscle problems, muscle pain, soreness, or weakness. If you have these symptoms, especially if you feel sick and have a fever, tell your healthcare provider right away.
- Problems with your eyesight, including blurry vision. Call your healthcare provider if you have any changes in your eyesight.
- Weight gain. If you have diabetes, weight gain may affect the management of your diabetes. Weight gain can also be a serious problem for people with heart problems.
- Feeling “high”.
The most common side effects of pregabalin capsules in adults are:
- swelling of hands and feet
Pregabalin capsules caused skin sores in animal studies. Skin sores did not happen in studies in people. If you have diabetes, you should pay attention to your skin while taking pregabalin capsules and tell your healthcare provider about any sores or skin problems.
Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of pregabalin capsules. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store pregabalin capsules?
- Store pregabalin capsules at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C) in their original package.
- Safely throw away any pregabalin capsules that are out of date or no longer needed.
Keep pregabalin capsules and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of pregabalin capsules
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use pregabalin capsules for a condition for which they were not prescribed. Do not give pregabalin capsules to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. They may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about pregabalin capsules that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in pregabalin capsules?
Active ingredient: pregabalin, USP
Inactive ingredients: gelatin, iron oxide black, mannitol, potassium hydroxide, pregelatinized starch, propylene glycol, shellac, talc, and titanium dioxide. Additionally, the 50 mg capsules contain D&C yellow #10 and FD&C yellow #6.
All brand names listed are the registered trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.
Pediatric use information is approved for Pfizer’s LYRICA® (pregabalin) Capsules and Oral Solution products. However, due to Pfizer’s marketing exclusivity rights, this drug product is not labeled with that pediatric information.
Manufactured In Israel By: Teva Pharmaceutical Ind. Ltd., Jerusalem, 9777402, Israel
Manufactured For: Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., North Wales, PA 19454
For more information call Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., at 1-888-838-2872.
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.