LITHIUM CARBONATE- lithium carbonate capsule, gelatin coated 
Cardinal Health

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Medication Guide

MEDICATION GUIDE

Lithium (LITH-ee-əm) oral solution

Lithium Carbonate tablets

Lithium Carbonate capsules

What is the most important information I should know about Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?

Lithium and Lithium Carbonate can cause serious side effects, including:

too much lithium in your blood (lithium toxicity). Lithium toxicity that can cause death may happen even if the lithium level in your blood is close to the right level for you. Your healthcare provider will need to monitor your blood levels of lithium to find the best dose for you. Take your Lithium or Lithium Carbonate exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it. Stop taking Lithium and Lithium Carbonate and call your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of lithium toxicity including:
abnormal heartbeat
vomiting
diarrhea
drowsiness
weak muscles
blurred vision
clumsiness
ringing in your ears
muscle twitching

Other symptoms may include:

lightheadedness
confusion
bloating
mood changes
slurred speech
breathing problems
seizure
coma

What is Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?

Lithium and Lithium Carbonate are prescription medicines called mood-stabilizing agents used alone (monotherapy) for:

the acute (short-term) treatment of people 7 years of age and older with manic and mixed episodes that happen with bipolar I disorder.
maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder in people 7 years of age and older.

It is not known if Lithium and Lithium Carbonate are safe and effective in children under 7 years of age with bipolar I disorder.

Who should not take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate?

Do not take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate if you are allergic to Lithium or any of the ingredients in Lithium Carbonate or Lithium Citrate. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in Lithium and Lithium Carbonate.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate?

Before taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate, tell your healthcare provider if you:

have kidney problems
have heart problems
have breathing problems
have thyroid problems
are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Lithium and Lithium Carbonate may harm your
unborn baby.
are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Lithium and Lithium Carbonate can pass into your breastmilk and may harm your baby. You should not breastfeed during treatment with Lithium or Lithium Carbonate. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription, over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Using Lithium and Lithium Carbonate with certain other medicines may affect each other causing possible side effects. Lithium and Lithium Carbonate may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how Lithium and Lithium Carbonate works.

Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:

MAOIs
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
medicines used to treat migraine headaches called triptans
tricyclic antidepressants
fentanyl
antipsychotic medicines
tramadol
tryptophan
buspirone
St. John’s Wort

Your healthcare provider can tell you if it is safe to take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate with your other medicines. Do not start or stop any medicines while taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate without talking to your healthcare provider first.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I take Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?

Take your Lithium and Lithium Carbonate exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
Your healthcare provider will do certain blood tests before starting and during treatment with Lithium and Lithium Carbonate.
Your healthcare provider may change your dose if needed. Do not change your dose on your own.
Do not double your dose if a dose is missed. Talk with your healthcare provider if you miss a dose.
Do not stop taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate suddenly without talking to your healthcare provider.
Your healthcare provider may change your Lithium or Lithium Carbonate dose to make sure you are taking the dose that is right for you.
If you take too much Lithium or Lithium Carbonate, call your healthcare provider or poison control center, or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away. In case of poisoning, call your poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate?

Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities when you start taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate, when your dose is changed, or until you know how Lithium or Lithium Carbonate affects you. Lithium or Lithium Carbonate can make you sleepy. Talk to your healthcare provider about these activities.
Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise and in hot weather. Follow your healthcare provider instructions about the type and amount of liquids you should drink. In some cases, drinking too much liquid can be as unsafe as not drinking enough.
Do not change the amount of salt in your diet. Changing the amount of salt in your diet could change the amount of Lithium or Lithium Carbonate in your blood.

What are the possible side effects of Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?

See “What is the most important information I should know about Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?”

Lithium and Lithium Carbonate may cause serious side effects, including:

kidney problems. People who take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate may have to urinate often (polyuria) and have other kidney problems that may affect how their kidneys work. These problems can happen within a few weeks of starting to take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate or after taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate for a long time.
low levels of sodium (salt) in your blood (hyponatremia). Lithium and Lithium Carbonate can cause you to lose sodium. Talk to your healthcare provider about your diet and how much fluid you are drinking when starting Lithium or Lithium Carbonate. If you have been sweating more than usual or have had diarrhea, you may need extra salt and more fluids. Talk to your healthcare provider if this happens.
neurological problems. People who take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate with certain other medicines called antipsychotics may have symptoms such as weakness, tiredness, fever, tremors, and confusion. Talk to your healthcare provider if this happens. Ask if you are not sure about the medicines you take.
serotonin syndrome. A potentially life-threatening problem called serotonin syndrome can happen when you take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate while you take certain medicines called serotonergic and MAOIs. Symptoms of serotonin syndrome include:
agitation
seeing things that are not there
confusion
coma
rapid pulse
high or low blood pressure
dizziness
sweating
flushing
fever
tremors
stiff muscles
muscle twitching
become unstable
seizures
nausea
vomiting
diarrhea
thyroid problems.
high calcium levels in your blood (hypercalcemia) and changes in your parathyroid gland (hyperparathyroidism) that may not go away when you stop taking Lithium or Lithium Carbonate.
heart problems. People who take Lithium or Lithium Carbonate may find out they also have a heart problem called Brugada Syndrome. People who have unexplained fainting or who have a family history of sudden unexplained death before 45 years of age may have Brugada Syndrome and not know it. If you faint or feel abnormal heartbeats, talk to your healthcare provider right away.
increased pressure in the brain and swelling in the eye (pseudotumor cerebri) that can cause vision problems or blindness. If you have severe headaches behind your eyes, ringing in the ears, blurred vision, double vision, or brief periods of blindness, talk to your health care provider right away.

The most common side effects of Lithium and Lithium Carbonate, include:

Adults with manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder:
hand trembling
excessive urination
increased thirst
nausea
general discomfort when you start treatment
Children 7 to 17 years of age with manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder:
excessive urination
thyroid problems
hand trembling
excessive thirst
dizziness
rash
difficulty walking
decreased appetite
blurred vision
nausea
vomiting

These are not all the possible side effects of Lithium and Lithium Carbonate.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?

Store Lithium and Lithium Carbonate at room temperature, between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

Keep capsules and tablets dry and keep in a tightly closed container.

Keep Lithium, Lithium Carbonate, and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of Lithium and Lithium Carbonate.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use Lithium or Lithium Carbonate for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Lithium or Lithium Carbonate to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Lithium or Lithium Carbonate that is written for healthcare professionals.

For more information about Lithium and Lithium Carbonate, please call West-Ward Pharmaceuticals Corp. at 1-800-962-8364.

What are the ingredients in Lithium and Lithium Carbonate?

Active ingredient: lithium carbonate, USP (tablets and capsules) and lithium citrate (oral solution).

Inactive ingredients:

Tablets: calcium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, purified water, sodium lauryl sulfate, and sodium starch glycolate.

Capsules: talc. The capsule shells contain black monogramming ink, FD&C Red No. 40 (300 mg and 600 mg only), gelatin and titanium dioxide. The black monogramming ink contains ammonium hydroxide, ethanol, iron oxide black, isopropyl alcohol, N-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol and shellac glaze.

Oral solution: alcohol 0.3%, citric acid, purified water, raspberry blend, sodium benzoate and sorbitol solution.

Distr. by: West-Ward Pharmaceuticals Corp., Eatontown, NJ 07724

©West-Ward Pharmaceuticals 2019

Distributed by:
Cardinal Health

Dublin, OH 43017

L29954881118

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Revised February 2020

10008909/08

Revised: 2/2020
Cardinal Health