Label: CIPROFLOXACIN HCL OPHTHALMIC- ciprofloxacin hydrochloride solution

  • NDC Code(s): 59390-217-02, 59390-217-05, 59390-217-10
  • Packager: Altaire Pharmaceuticals Inc.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated January 20, 2020

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 

    0.3%

    Sterile Ophthalmic Solution

  • DESCRIPTION

    Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% is a synthetic, sterile, multiple dose, antimicrobial for topical use. Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial active against a broad spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative ocular pathogens. It is available as the monohydrochloride monohydrate salt of 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1, 4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1–piperazinyl)-3-quinoline-carboxylic acid. It is a faint to light yellow crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 385.8. Its empirical formula is C17H18FN3O3•HCl•H2O and its molecular formula is as follows:

          The chemical structure for Ciprofloxacin HCl Ophthalmic Solution.

    Ciprofloxacin differs from other quinolones in that it has a fluorine atom at the 6-position, a piperazine moiety at the 7-position, and a cyclopropyl ring at the 1–position.

    Each mL of Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% contains: Active: ciprofloxacin HCl 3.5 mg equivalent to 3 mg base. Preservative: benzalkonium chloride 0.006%. Inactives: sodium acetate, acetic acid, mannitol 4.6%, edetate disodium 0.05%, hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH) and Water for Injection. The pH is approximately 4.5 and the osmolality is approximately 300 mOsm.

  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Systemic Absorption: A systemic absorption study was performed in which Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% was administered in each eye every two hours while awake for two days followed by every four hours while awake for an additional 5 days. The maximum reported plasma concentration of ciprofloxacin was less than 5 ng/mL. The mean concentration was usually less than 2.5 ng/mL.

    Microbiology: Ciprofloxacin has in vitro activity against a wide range of gram-negative and gram-positive organisms. The bactericidal action of ciprofloxacin results from interference with the enzyme DNA gyrase which is needed for the synthesis of bacterial DNA.

    Ciprofloxacin has been shown to be active against most strains of the following organisms both in vitro and in clinical infections [See Indications and Usage section]:

    Gram-Positive:
    Staphylococcus aureus
    Staphylococcus epidermidis
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Streptococcus (Viridans Group)

    Gram-Negative:
    Haemophilus influenzae
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Serratia marcescens

    Ciprofloxacin has been shown to be active in vitro against most strains of the following organisms, however, the clinical significance of these data is unknown:

    Gram-Positive:

    Enterococcus faecalis (Many strains are only moderately susceptible)
    Staphylococcus haemolyticus
    Staphylococcus hominis
    Staphylococcus saprophyticus
    Streptococcus pyogenes

    Gram-Negative:
    Acinetobacter calcoaceticus
       subsp. anitratus
    Aeromonas caviae
    Aeromonas hydrophila

    Brucella melitensis

    Campylobacter coli

    Campylobacter jejuni
         
    Citrobacter diversus

    Citrobacter freundii

    Edwardsiella tarda

    Enterobacter aerogenes

    Enterobacter cloacae

    Escherichia coli

    Haemophilus duc
    reyi
    Haemophilus parainfluenzae

    Klebsiella pneumonia

    Klebsiella oxytoca
    Legionella pneumophila

    Moraxella (Branhamella
    )
    catarrhalis

    Morganella morganii
         
    Neisseria gonorrho
    eae
    Neisseria meningitidi
    s
    Pasteurella multocida

    Proteus mirabilis

    Proteus vulgaris

    Providencia rettgeri

    Providencia stuartii

    Salmonella enteritidis

    Salmonella typhi

    Shigella sonneii

    Shigella flexneri

    Vibrio chole
    rae
    Vibrio parahaemolyticus

    Vibrio vulnificus
    Yersinia enterocolitica

    Other Organisms: Chlamydia trachomatis (only moderately susceptible) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (only moderately susceptible).

    Most strains of Pseudomonas cepacia and some strains of Pseudomonas maltophilia are resistant to ciprofloxacin as are most anaerobic bacteria, including Bacteriodes fragilis and Clostridium difficile.

    The minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) generally does not exceed the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) by more than a factor of 2. Resistance to ciprofloxacin in vitro usually develops slowly (multiple-step mutation).

    Ciprofloxacin does not cross-react with other antimicrobial agents such as beta-lactams or aminoglycosides; therefore, organisms resistant to these drugs may be susceptible to ciprofloxacin.

  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below:

    Corneal Ulcers:      

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Serratia marcescens *
    Staphylococcus aureus
    Staphylococcus epidermidis
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Streptococcus (Viridans Group)*

    Conjunctivitis:      

    Haemophilus influenza
    Staphylococcus aureus
    Staphylococcus epidermidis
    Streptococcus pneumoniae

    *Efficacy for this organism was studied in fewer than 10 infections.

  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    A history of hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin or any other component of the medication is a contraindication to its use. A history of hypersensitivity to other quinolones may also contraindicate the use of ciprofloxacin.

  • WARNINGS

    NOT FOR INJECTION INTO THE EYE.

    Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity (anaphylactic) reactions, some following the first dose, have been reported in patients receiving systemic quinolone therapy. Some reactions were accompanied by cardiovascular collapse, loss of consciousness, tingling, pharyngeal or facial edema, dyspnea, urticaria, and itching. Only a few patients had a history of hypersensitivity reactions. Serious anaphylactic reactions require immediate emergency treatment with epinephrine and other resuscitation measures, including oxygen, intravenous fluids, intravenous antihistamines, corticosteroids, pressor amines and airway management, as clinically indicated.

    Remove contact lenses before using.

  • PRECAUTIONS

    General:

    As with other antibacterial preparations, prolonged use of ciprofloxacin may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi. If superinfection occurs, appropriate therapy should be initiated. Whenever clinical judgment dictates, the patient should be examined with the aid of magnification, such as slit lamp biomicroscopy and, where appropriate, fluorescein staining.

    Ciprofloxacin should be discontinued at the first appearance of a skin rash or any other sign of hypersensitivity reaction.

    In clinical studies of patients with bacterial corneal ulcer, a white crystalline precipitate located in the superficial portion of the corneal defect was observed in 35 (16.6%) of 210 patients. The onset of precipitate was within 24 hours to 7 days after starting therapy. In one patient, the precipitate was immediately irrigated out upon its appearance. In 17 patients, resolution of the precipitate was seen in 1 to 8 days (seven within the first 24-72 hours), in five patients, resolution was noted in 10-13 days. In nine patients, exact resolution days were unavailable; however, at follow-up examinations, 18-44 days after onset of the event, complete resolution of the precipitate was noted. In three patients, outcome information was unavailable. The precipitate did not preclude continued use of ciprofloxacin, nor did it adversely affect the clinical course of the ulcer or visual outcome. (SEE ADVERSE REACTIONS).

    Information for patients:  

    Do not touch dropper tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the solution.

    Drug Interactions:   

    Specific drug interaction studies have not been conducted with ophthalmic ciprofloxacin. However, the systemic administration of some quinolones has been shown to elevate plasma concentrations of theophylline, interfere with the metabolism of caffeine, enhance the effects of the oral anticoagulant, warfarin, and its derivatives and has been associated with transient elevations in serum creatinine in patients receiving cyclosporine concomitantly.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

    Eight in vitro mutagenicity tests have been conducted with ciprofloxacin and the test results are listed below:
    Salmonella/Microsome Test (Negative)
    E.coli DNA Repair Assay (Negative)
    Mouse Lymphoma Cell Forward Mutation Assay (Positive)
    Chinese Hamster V79 Cell HGPRT Test (Negative)
    Syrian Hamster Embryo Cell Transformation Assay (Negative)
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae Point Mutation Assay (Negative)
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mitotic Crossover and Gene Conversion Assay (Negative)
    Rat Hepatocyte DNA Repair Assay (Positive)
    Thus, two of the eight tests were positive, but the results of the following three in vivo test
    systems gave negative results:

        Rat Hepatocyte DNA Repair Assay

        Micronucleus Test (Mice)

        Dominant Lethal Test (Mice)
    Long term carcinogenicity studies in mice and rats have been completed. After daily oral dosing for up to two years, there is no evidence that ciprofloxacin had any carcinogenic or tumorigenic effects in these species.

    Pregnancy – Pregnancy Category C:  

    Reproduction studies have been performed in rats and mice at doses up to six times the usual daily human oral dose and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to ciprofloxacin. In rabbits, as with most antimicrobial agents, ciprofloxacin (30 and 100 mg/kg orally) produced gastrointestinal disturbances resulting in maternal weight loss and an increased incidence of abortion. No teratogenicity was observed at either dose. After intravenous administration, at doses up to 20 mg/kg, no maternal toxicity was produced and no embryotoxicity or teratogenicity was observed. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

    Nursing Mothers:  

    It is not known whether topically applied ciprofloxacin is excreted in human milk; however, it is known that orally administered ciprofloxacin is excreted in the milk of lactating rats and oral ciprofloxacin has been reported in human breast milk after a single 500 mg dose. Caution should be exercised when Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% is administered to a nursing mother.

    Pediatric Use:   

    The safety and effectiveness of Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% have been established in all ages. Use of Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% is supported by evidence from adequate and well controlled studies of Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% in adults, children and neonates [see Clinical Studies]. Although ciprofloxacin and other quinolones cause arthropathy in immature animals after oral administration, topical ocular administration of ciprofloxacin to immature animals did not cause any arthropathy and there is no evidence that the ophthalmic dosage form has any effect on the weight bearing joints.

    Geriatric Use:   

    No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most frequently reported drug related adverse reaction was local burning or discomfort. In corneal ulcer studies with frequent administration of the drug, white crystalline precipitates were seen in approximately 17% of patients [see Precautions]. Other reactions occurring in less than 10% of patients included lid margin crusting, crystals/scales, foreign body sensation, itching, conjunctival hyperemia and a bad taste following instillation. Additional events occurring in less than 1% of patients included corneal staining, keratopathy/keratitis, allergic reactions, lid edema, tearing, photophobia, corneal infiltrates, nausea and decreased vision.

    TO REPORT SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Altaire Pharmaceuticals, Inc., at 1-800-258-2471 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

  • OVERDOSAGE

    A topical overdoes of Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3% may be flushed from the eye(s) with warm tap water.

  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Corneal Ulcers: The recommended dosage regimen for the treatment of corneal ulcers is two drops into the affected eye every 15 minutes for the first six hours and then two drops into the affected eye every 30 minutes for the remainder of the first day. On the second day, instill two drops in the affected eye hourly. On the third through the fourteenth day, place two drops in the affected eye every four hours. Treatment may be continued after 14 days if corneal re-epithelialization has not occurred.

    Bacterial Conjunctivitis: The recommended dosage regimen for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis is one or two drops instilled into the conjunctival sac(s) every two hours while awake for two days and one or two drops every four hours while awake for the next five days.

    How Supplied: As a sterile ophthalmic solution the dispensing system consists of a natural low density polyethylene bottle with tip and a tan polypropylene cap. Tamper evidence is provided with a shrink band around the closure and neck area of the package.

    Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution USP, 0.3% - each mL containing 3.5 mg ciprofloxacin hydrochloride equivalent to 3 mg ciprofloxacin is available in:

                2.5 mL fill in 7.5cc bottles ….. NDC #59390-217-02

                5 mL fill in 7.5cc bottles ….. NDC #59390-217-05

                10 mL fill in 15cc bottles ….. NDC #59390-217-10

  • STORAGE:

    Store at 20° - 25°C (68°-77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from light. Keep tightly closed.

  • ANIMAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Ciprofloxacin and related drugs have been shown to cause arthropathy in immature animals of most species tested following oral administration. However, a one-month topical ocular study using immature Beagle dogs did not demonstrate any articular lesions.

  • CLINICAL STUDIES:

    Following therapy with Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution, USP 0.3%, 76% of the patients with corneal ulcers and positive bacterial cultures were clinically cured and complete re-epithelialization occurred in about 92% of the ulcers.

    In 3 and 7 day multicenter clinical trials, 52% of the patients with conjunctivitis and positive conjunctival cultures were clinically cured and 70-80% had all causative pathogens eradicated by the end of treatment.

    In a randomized, double-masked, multicenter, parallel-group clinical trial of pediatric patients with bacterial conjunctivitis, between birth and 31 days of age, patients were dosed with Ciloxan or another anti-infective agent. Clinical outcomes for the trial demonstrated a clinical cure rate of 80% at Day 9 and a microbiological eradication success rate of 85% at Day 9.

    Please note that microbiologic eradication does not always correlate with clinical outcome in anti-infective trials.

    Manufactured by:

    [LOGO]
    ALTAIRE Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Aquebogue, NY 11931 USA
    Printed in USA

    [05/2018]

                     

  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
    Ciprofloxacin
    Hydrochloride
    Ophthalmic Solution
    0.3 % as base
    2.5 mL Sterile

    Ciprofloxacin
Hydrochloride 
Ophthalmic Solution
0.3 % as base
2.5 mL Sterile

  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
    Ciprofloxacin
    Hydrochloride
    Ophthalmic Solution
    0.3 % as base
    5 mL Sterile

    Ciprofloxacin
Hydrochloride 
Ophthalmic Solution
0.3 % as base
5 mL Sterile

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
    Ciprofloxacin
    Hydrochloride
    Ophthalmic Solution
    0.3 % as base
    10 mL Sterile

    Ciprofloxacin
Hydrochloride 
Ophthalmic Solution
0.3 % as base
10 mL Sterile

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    CIPROFLOXACIN HCL OPHTHALMIC 
    ciprofloxacin hydrochloride solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:59390-217
    Route of AdministrationOPHTHALMIC
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    CIPROFLOXACIN HYDROCHLORIDE (UNII: 4BA73M5E37) (CIPROFLOXACIN - UNII:5E8K9I0O4U) CIPROFLOXACIN3 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    SODIUM ACETATE (UNII: 4550K0SC9B)  
    ACETIC ACID (UNII: Q40Q9N063P)  
    MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)  
    EDETATE DISODIUM (UNII: 7FLD91C86K)  
    HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)  
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: F5UM2KM3W7)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:59390-217-022.5 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product05/04/2018
    2NDC:59390-217-055 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product05/04/2018
    3NDC:59390-217-1010 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product05/04/2018
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA20461305/04/2018
    Labeler - Altaire Pharmaceuticals Inc. (786790378)