ERLEADA- apalutamide tablet, film coated 
Janssen Products, LP

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ERLEADA safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ERLEADA.

ERLEADA® (apalutamide) tablets, for oral use
Initial U.S. Approval – 2018

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

Dosage and Administration (2.3)07/2020
Warnings and Precautions (5.1)11/2020

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ERLEADA is an androgen receptor inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with

  • metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer. (1)
  • non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. (1)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

ERLEADA 240 mg (four 60 mg tablets) administered orally once daily. Swallow tablets whole. ERLEADA can be taken with or without food. (2.1)

Patients should also receive a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog concurrently or should have had bilateral orchiectomy. (2.1)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Tablets: 60 mg (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None. (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Cerebrovascular and ischemic cardiovascular events occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA. Monitor for signs and symptoms of cerebrovascular disorders and ischemic heart disease. Optimize management of cardiovascular risk factors. (5.1).
  • Fractures occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA. Evaluate patients for fracture risk and treat patients with bone-targeted agents according to established guidelines. (5.2)
  • Falls occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA with increased incidence in the elderly. Evaluate patients for fall risk. (5.3)
  • Seizure occurred in 0.4% of patients receiving ERLEADA. Permanently discontinue ERLEADA in patients who develop a seizure during treatment. (5.4)
  • Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: ERLEADA can cause fetal harm. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception. (5.5, 8.1, 8.3)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common adverse reactions (≥10%) are fatigue, arthralgia, rash, decreased appetite, fall, weight decreased, hypertension, hot flush, diarrhea, and fracture. (6.1)


To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Janssen Products, LP at 1-800-526-7736 (1-800-JANSSEN) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Concomitant use with medications that are sensitive substrates of CYP3A4, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, UGT, P-gp, BCRP, or OATP1B1 may result in loss of activity of these medications. (7.2)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and FDA-approved patient labeling.

Revised: 11/2020

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosage

2.2 Dose Modification

2.3 Alternate Method of Administration

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Cerebrovascular and Ischemic Cardiovascular Events

5.2 Fractures

5.3 Falls

5.4 Seizure

5.5 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Effect of Other Drugs on ERLEADA

7.2 Effect of ERLEADA on Other Drugs

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.2 Lactation

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

*
Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ERLEADA is indicated for the treatment of patients with

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosage

The recommended dose of ERLEADA is 240 mg (four 60 mg tablets) administered orally once daily. Swallow the tablets whole. ERLEADA can be taken with or without food.

Patients should also receive a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog concurrently or should have had a bilateral orchiectomy.

2.2 Dose Modification

If a patient experiences a greater than or equal to Grade 3 toxicity or an intolerable side effect, hold dosing until symptoms improve to less than or equal to Grade 1 or original grade, then resume at the same dose or a reduced dose (180 mg or 120 mg), if warranted.

2.3 Alternate Method of Administration

For patients who have difficulty swallowing tablets whole, the recommended dose of ERLEADA tablets may be mixed in applesauce.

  1. Mix whole ERLEADA tablets in 4 ounces (120 mL) of applesauce by stirring. Do not crush the tablets.
  2. Wait 15 minutes, stir the mixture.
  3. Wait another 15 minutes, stir the mixture until tablets are dispersed (well mixed with no chunks remaining).
  4. Using a spoon, swallow the mixture right away.
  5. Rinse the container with 2 ounces (60 mL) of water and immediately drink the contents. Repeat the rinse with 2 ounces (60 mL) of water a second time to ensure the whole dose is taken.

Consume the mixture within one hour of preparation. Do not store ERLEADA that is mixed with applesauce [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Tablets (60 mg): slightly yellowish to greyish green oblong film-coated tablets, debossed with "AR 60" on one side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Cerebrovascular and Ischemic Cardiovascular Events

Cerebrovascular and ischemic cardiovascular events, including events leading to death, occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA. Monitor for signs and symptoms of ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disorders. Optimize management of cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia. Consider discontinuation of ERLEADA for Grade 3 and 4 events.

In a randomized study (SPARTAN) of patients with nmCRPC, ischemic cardiovascular events occurred in 4% of patients treated with ERLEADA and 3% of patients treated with placebo. In a randomized study (TITAN) in patients with mCSPC, ischemic cardiovascular events occurred in 4% of patients treated with ERLEADA and 2% of patients treated with placebo. Across the SPARTAN and TITAN studies, 5 patients (0.5%) treated with ERLEADA, and 2 patients (0.2%) treated with placebo died from an ischemic cardiovascular event.

In the SPARTAN study, cerebrovascular events occurred in 4.7% of patients treated with ERLEADA and 0.8% of patients treated with placebo [see Clinical Trials Experience (6.1)]. In the TITAN study, cerebrovascular events occurred in 1.9% of patients treated with ERLEADA and 2.1% of patients treated with placebo. Across the SPARTAN and TITAN studies, 3 patients (0.2%) treated with ERLEADA, and 2 patients (0.2%) treated with placebo died from a cerebrovascular event.

Patients with history of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke, or transient ischemic attack within six months of randomization were excluded from the SPARTAN and TITAN studies.

5.2 Fractures

Fractures occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA. Evaluate patients for fracture risk. Monitor and manage patients at risk for fractures according to established treatment guidelines and consider use of bone-targeted agents.

In a randomized study (SPARTAN) of patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, fractures occurred in 12% of patients treated with ERLEADA and in 7% of patients treated with placebo. Grade 3–4 fractures occurred in 3% of patients treated with ERLEADA and in 1% of patients treated with placebo. The median time to onset of fracture was 314 days (range: 20 to 953 days) for patients treated with ERLEADA. Routine bone density assessment and treatment of osteoporosis with bone-targeted agents were not performed in the SPARTAN study.

In a randomized study (TITAN) of patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, fractures occurred in 9% of patients treated with ERLEADA and in 6% of patients treated with placebo. Grade 3–4 fractures were similar in both arms at 2%. The median time to onset of fracture was 56 days (range: 2 to 111 days) for patients treated with ERLEADA. Routine bone density assessment and treatment of osteoporosis with bone-targeted agents were not performed in the TITAN study.

5.3 Falls

Falls occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA with increased frequency in the elderly [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)]. Evaluate patients for fall risk.

In a randomized study (SPARTAN), falls occurred in 16% of patients treated with ERLEADA compared to 9% of patients treated with placebo. Falls were not associated with loss of consciousness or seizure.

5.4 Seizure

Seizure occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA. Permanently discontinue ERLEADA in patients who develop a seizure during treatment. It is unknown whether anti-epileptic medications will prevent seizures with ERLEADA. Advise patients of the risk of developing a seizure while receiving ERLEADA and of engaging in any activity where sudden loss of consciousness could cause harm to themselves or others.

In two randomized studies (SPARTAN and TITAN), five patients (0.4%) treated with ERLEADA and one patient treated with placebo (0.1%) experienced a seizure. Seizure occurred from 159 to 650 days after initiation of ERLEADA. Patients with a history of seizure, predisposing factors for seizure, or receiving drugs known to decrease the seizure threshold or to induce seizure were excluded. There is no clinical experience in re-administering ERLEADA to patients who experienced a seizure.

5.5 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

The safety and efficacy of ERLEADA have not been established in females. Based on its mechanism of action, ERLEADA can cause fetal harm and loss of pregnancy when administered to a pregnant female [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of ERLEADA [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:

6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 10%) that occurred more frequently in the ERLEADA-treated patients (≥ 2% over placebo) from the randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials (TITAN and SPARTAN) were fatigue, arthralgia, rash, decreased appetite, fall, weight decreased, hypertension, hot flush, diarrhea, and fracture.

Metastatic Castration-sensitive Prostate Cancer (mCSPC)

TITAN, a randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center clinical study, enrolled patients who had mCSPC. In this study, patients received either ERLEADA at a dose of 240 mg daily or placebo. All patients in the TITAN study received a concomitant gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog or had prior bilateral orchiectomy. The median duration of exposure was 20 months (range: 0 to 34 months) in patients who received ERLEADA and 18 months (range: 0.1 to 34 months) in patients who received placebo.

Ten patients (2%) who were treated with ERLEADA died from adverse reactions. The reasons for death were ischemic cardiovascular events (n=3), acute kidney injury (n=2), cardio-respiratory arrest (n=1), sudden cardiac death (n=1), respiratory failure (n=1), cerebrovascular accident (n=1), and large intestinal ulcer perforation (n=1). ERLEADA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of patients, most commonly from rash (2%). Adverse reactions leading to dose interruption or reduction of ERLEADA occurred in 23% of patients; the most frequent (>1%) were rash, fatigue, and hypertension. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 20% of ERLEADA-treated patients and 20% in patients receiving placebo.

Table 1 shows adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% on the ERLEADA arm in TITAN that occurred with a ≥2% absolute increase in frequency compared to placebo. Table 2 shows laboratory abnormalities that occurred in ≥15% of patients, and more frequently (>5%) in the ERLEADA arm compared to placebo.

Table 1: Adverse Reactions in TITAN (mCSPC)
ERLEADA
N=524
Placebo
N=527
System/Organ Class
Adverse reaction
All Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
All Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
*
Per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Reactions (CTCAE), the highest severity for these events is Grade 3
Includes rash, rash maculo-papular, rash generalized, urticaria, rash pruritic, rash macular, conjunctivitis, erythema multiforme, rash papular, skin exfoliation, genital rash, rash erythematous, stomatitis, drug eruption, mouth ulceration, rash pustular, blister, papule, pemphigoid, skin erosion, dermatitis, and rash vesicular
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Arthralgia*170.4150.9
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash28690.6
  Pruritus11<15<1
Vascular disorders
  Hot flush230160
  Hypertension188169

Additional adverse reactions of interest occurring in 2%, but less than 10% of patients treated with ERLEADA included diarrhea (9% versus 6% on placebo), muscle spasm (3% versus 2% on placebo), dysgeusia (3% versus 1% on placebo), and hypothyroidism (4% versus 1% on placebo).

Table 2: Laboratory Abnormalities Occurring in ≥ 15% of ERLEADA-Treated Patients and at a Higher Incidence than Placebo (Between Arm Difference > 5% All Grades) in TITAN (mCSPC)
ERLEADA
N=524
Placebo
N=527
Laboratory AbnormalityAll Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
All Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
*
Does not reflect fasting values
Hematology
  White blood cell decreased270.4190.6
Chemistry
  Hypertriglyceridemia*173122

Non-metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (nmCRPC)

SPARTAN, a randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center clinical study, enrolled patients who had nmCRPC. In this study, patients received either ERLEADA at a dose of 240 mg daily or a placebo. All patients in the SPARTAN study received a concomitant gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog or had a bilateral orchiectomy. The median duration of exposure was 33 months (range: 0.1 to 75 months) in patients who received ERLEADA and 11 months (range: 0.1 to 37 months) in patients who received placebo.

Twenty-four patients (3%) who were treated with ERLEADA died from adverse reactions. The reasons for death with ≥ 2 patients included infection (n=7), myocardial infarction (n=3), cerebrovascular event (n=2), and unknown reason (n=3). ERLEADA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 11% of patients, most commonly from rash (3%). Adverse reactions leading to dose interruption or reduction of ERLEADA occurred in 33% of patients; the most common (>1%) were rash, diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hypertension, and hematuria. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 25% of ERLEADA-treated patients and 23% in patients receiving placebo. The most frequent serious adverse reactions (>2%) were fracture (3%) in the ERLEADA arm and urinary retention (4%) in the placebo arm.

Table 3 shows adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% on the ERLEADA arm in SPARTAN that occurred with a ≥2% absolute increase in frequency compared to placebo. Table 4 shows laboratory abnormalities that occurred in ≥15% of patients, and more frequently (>5%) in the ERLEADA arm compared to placebo.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions in SPARTAN (nmCRPC)
ERLEADA
N=803
Placebo
N=398
System/Organ Class
Adverse reaction
All Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
All Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
*
Includes fatigue and asthenia
Per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Reactions (CTCAE), the highest severity for these events is Grade 3
Includes rash, rash maculo-papular, rash generalized, urticaria, rash pruritic, rash macular, conjunctivitis, erythema multiforme, rash papular, skin exfoliation, genital rash, rash erythematous, stomatitis, drug eruption, mouth ulceration, rash pustular, blister, papule, pemphigoid, skin erosion, dermatitis, and rash vesicular
§
Includes appetite disorder, decreased appetite, early satiety, and hypophagia
Includes peripheral edema, generalized edema, edema, edema genital, penile edema, peripheral swelling, scrotal edema, lymphedema, swelling, and localized edema
#
Includes rib fracture, lumbar vertebral fracture, spinal compression fracture, spinal fracture, foot fracture, hip fracture, humerus fracture, thoracic vertebral fracture, upper limb fracture, fractured sacrum, hand fracture, pubis fracture, acetabulum fracture, ankle fracture, compression fracture, costal cartilage fracture, facial bones fracture, lower limb fracture, osteoporotic fracture, wrist fracture, avulsion fracture, fibula fracture, fractured coccyx, pelvic fracture, radius fracture, sternal fracture, stress fracture, traumatic fracture, cervical vertebral fracture, femoral neck fracture, and tibia fracture
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue*,391280.3
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Arthralgia16080
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash25560.3
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Decreased appetite§120.190
  Peripheral edema11090
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
  Fall16290.8
  Fracture#12370.8
Investigations
  Weight decreased16160.3
Vascular disorders
  Hypertension25142012
  Hot flush14090
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea201150.5
  Nausea180160

Additional clinically significant adverse reactions occurring in 2% or more of patients treated with ERLEADA included hypothyroidism (8% versus 2% on placebo), pruritus (6% versus 2% on placebo), and heart failure (2% versus 1% on placebo).

Table 4: Laboratory Abnormalities Occurring in ≥ 15% of ERLEADA-Treated Patients and at a Higher Incidence than Placebo (Between Arm Difference > 5% All Grades) in SPARTAN (nmCRPC)
ERLEADA
N=803
Placebo
N=398
Laboratory AbnormalityAll Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
All Grades
%
Grade 3–4
%
*
Does not reflect fasting values
Hematology
  Anemia700.4640.5
  Leukopenia470.3290
  Lymphopenia412212
Chemistry
  Hypercholesterolemia*760.1460
  Hyperglycemia*702591
  Hypertriglyceridemia*672490.8
 Hyperkalemia322220.5

Rash

In the combined data of two randomized, placebo-controlled clinical studies, SPARTAN and TITAN, rash associated with ERLEADA was most commonly described as macular or maculo-papular. Adverse reactions of rash were reported for 26% of patients treated with ERLEADA versus 8% of patients treated with placebo. Grade 3 rashes (defined as covering > 30% body surface area [BSA]) were reported with ERLEADA treatment (6%) versus placebo (0.5%).

The onset of rash occurred at a median of 83 days of ERLEADA treatment. Rash resolved in 78% of patients within a median of 78 days from onset of rash. Rash was commonly managed with oral antihistamines, topical corticosteroids, and 19% of patients received systemic corticosteroids. Dose reduction or dose interruption occurred in 14% and 28% of patients, respectively. Of the patients who had dose interruption, 59% experienced recurrence of rash upon reintroduction of ERLEADA.

Hypothyroidism

In the combined data of two randomized, placebo-controlled clinical studies, SPARTAN and TITAN, hypothyroidism was reported for 8% of patients treated with ERLEADA and 2% of patients treated with placebo based on assessments of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) every 4 months. Elevated TSH occurred in 25% of patients treated with ERLEADA and 7% of patients treated with placebo. The median onset was at the first scheduled assessment. There were no Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions. Thyroid replacement therapy was initiated in 5% of patients treated with ERLEADA. Thyroid replacement therapy, when clinically indicated, should be initiated or dose-adjusted [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of ERLEADA. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate the frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: interstitial lung disease

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Effect of Other Drugs on ERLEADA

Strong CYP2C8 or CYP3A4 Inhibitors

Co-administration of a strong CYP2C8 or CYP3A4 inhibitor is predicted to increase the steady-state exposure of the active moieties (sum of unbound apalutamide plus the potency-adjusted unbound N-desmethyl-apalutamide). No initial dose adjustment is necessary however, reduce the ERLEADA dose based on tolerability [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Mild or moderate inhibitors of CYP2C8 or CYP3A4 are not expected to affect the exposure of apalutamide.

7.2 Effect of ERLEADA on Other Drugs

CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and UGT Substrates

ERLEADA is a strong inducer of CYP3A4 and CYP2C19, and a weak inducer of CYP2C9 in humans. Concomitant use of ERLEADA with medications that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, CYP2C19, or CYP2C9 can result in lower exposure to these medications. Substitution for these medications is recommended when possible or evaluate for loss of activity if medication is continued. Concomitant administration of ERLEADA with medications that are substrates of UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) can result in decreased exposure. Use caution if substrates of UGT must be co-administered with ERLEADA and evaluate for loss of activity [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

P-gp, BCRP or OATP1B1 Substrates

Apalutamide was shown to be a weak inducer of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) clinically. At steady-state, apalutamide reduced the plasma exposure to fexofenadine (a P-gp substrate) and rosuvastatin (a BCRP/OATP1B1 substrate). Concomitant use of ERLEADA with medications that are substrates of P-gp, BCRP, or OATP1B1 can result in lower exposure of these medications. Use caution if substrates of P-gp, BCRP or OATP1B1 must be co-administered with ERLEADA and evaluate for loss of activity if medication is continued [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

The safety and efficacy of ERLEADA have not been established in females. Based on its mechanism of action, ERLEADA can cause fetal harm and loss of pregnancy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no human data on the use of ERLEADA in pregnant women. ERLEADA is not indicated for use in females, so animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicology studies were not conducted with apalutamide.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

The safety and efficacy of ERLEADA have not been established in females. There are no data on the presence of apalutamide or its metabolites in human milk, the effect on the breastfed child, or the effect on milk production.

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Contraception

Males

Based on the mechanism of action and findings in an animal reproduction study, advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of ERLEADA. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Infertility

Males

Based on animal studies, ERLEADA may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of ERLEADA in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Of the 1327 patients who received ERLEADA in clinical studies, 19% of patients were less than 65 years, 41% of patients were 65 years to 74 years, and 40% were 75 years and over.

No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between older and younger patients.

Of patients treated with ERLEADA (n=1073), Grade 3–4 adverse reactions occurred in 39% of patients younger than 65 years, 41% of patients 65–74 years, and 49% of patients 75 years or older. Falls in patients receiving ERLEADA with androgen deprivation therapy was elevated in the elderly, occurring in 8% of patients younger than 65 years, 10% of patients 65–74 years, and 19% of patients 75 years or older.

10 OVERDOSAGE

There is no known specific antidote for apalutamide overdose. In the event of an overdose, stop ERLEADA, undertake general supportive measures until clinical toxicity has been diminished or resolved.

11 DESCRIPTION

Apalutamide, the active ingredient of ERLEADA, is an androgen receptor inhibitor. The chemical name is (4-[7-(6-Cyano-5-trifluoromethylpyridin-3-yl)-8-oxo-6-thioxo-5,7-diazaspiro[3.4]oct-5-yl]-2-fluoro-N-methylbenzamide). Apalutamide is a white to slightly yellow powder. Apalutamide is practically insoluble in aqueous media over a wide range of pH values.

The molecular weight is 477.44 and molecular formula is C21H15F4N5O2S. The structural formula is:

Chemical Structure

ERLEADA® (apalutamide) is supplied as film-coated tablets for oral administration containing 60 mg of apalutamide. Inactive ingredients of the core tablet are: colloidal anhydrous silica, croscarmellose sodium, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-acetate succinate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and silicified microcrystalline cellulose.

The tablets are finished with a commercially available film-coating comprising the following excipients: iron oxide black, iron oxide yellow, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, and titanium dioxide.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Apalutamide is an Androgen Receptor (AR) inhibitor that binds directly to the ligand-binding domain of the AR. Apalutamide inhibits AR nuclear translocation, inhibits DNA binding, and impedes AR-mediated transcription. A major metabolite, N-desmethyl apalutamide, is a less potent inhibitor of AR, and exhibited one-third the activity of apalutamide in an in vitro transcriptional reporter assay. Apalutamide administration caused decreased tumor cell proliferation and increased apoptosis leading to decreased tumor volume in mouse xenograft models of prostate cancer.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Cardiac Electrophysiology

The effect of apalutamide 240 mg once daily on the QTc interval was assessed in an open-label, uncontrolled, multi-center, single-arm dedicated QT study in 45 patients with CRPC. The maximum mean QTcF change from baseline was 12.4 ms (2-sided 90% upper CI: 16.0 ms). An exposure-QT analysis suggested a concentration-dependent increase in QTcF for apalutamide and its active metabolite.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Apalutamide pharmacokinetic parameters are presented as the mean [standard deviation (SD)] unless otherwise specified. Apalutamide Cmax and area under the concentration curve (AUC) increased proportionally following repeated once-daily dosing of 30 to 480 mg (0.125 to 2 times the recommended dosage). Following administration of the recommended dosage, apalutamide steady-state was achieved after 4 weeks and the mean accumulation ratio was approximately 5-fold. Apalutamide Cmax was 6.0 mcg/mL (1.7) and AUC was 100 mcg∙h/mL (32) at steady-state. Daily fluctuations in apalutamide plasma concentrations were low, with mean peak-to-trough ratio of 1.63. An increase in apparent clearance (CL/F) was observed with repeat dosing, likely due to induction of apalutamide's own metabolism. The auto-induction effect likely reached its maximum at the recommended dosage because exposure of apalutamide across the dose range of 30 to 480 mg is dose-proportional.

The major active metabolite N-desmethyl apalutamide Cmax was 5.9 mcg/mL (1.0) and AUC was 124 mcg∙h/mL (23) at steady-state after the recommended dosage. N-desmethyl apalutamide was characterized by a flat concentration-time profile at steady-state with a mean peak-to-trough ratio of 1.27. Mean AUC metabolite/parent drug ratio for N-desmethyl apalutamide following repeat-dose administration was 1.3. Based on systemic exposure, relative potency, and pharmacokinetic properties, N-desmethyl apalutamide likely contributed to the clinical activity of apalutamide.

Absorption

Mean absolute oral bioavailability was approximately 100%. Median time to achieve peak plasma concentration (tmax) was 2 hours (range: 1 to 5 hours).

Oral administration of four 60 mg apalutamide tablets dispersed in applesauce resulted in no clinically relevant changes in Cmax and AUC when compared to administration of four intact 60 mg tablets under fasting condition.

Effect of Food

Administration of apalutamide to healthy subjects under fasting conditions and with a high-fat meal (approximately 500 to 600 fat calories, 250 carbohydrate calories, and 150 protein calories) resulted in no clinically relevant changes in Cmax and AUC. Median time to reach tmax was delayed approximately 2 hours with food.

Distribution

The mean apparent volume of distribution at steady-state of apalutamide was approximately 276 L.

Apalutamide was 96% and N-desmethyl apalutamide was 95% bound to plasma proteins with no concentration dependency.

Elimination

The CL/F of apalutamide was 1.3 L/h after single dosing and increased to 2.0 L/h at steady-state after once-daily dosing likely due to CYP3A4 auto-induction. The mean effective half-life for apalutamide in patients was approximately 3 days at steady-state.

Metabolism

Metabolism is the main route of elimination of apalutamide. Apalutamide is primarily metabolized by CYP2C8 and CYP3A4 to form active metabolite, N-desmethyl apalutamide. The contribution of CYP2C8 and CYP3A4 in the metabolism of apalutamide is estimated to be 58% and 13% following single dose but changes to 40% and 37%, respectively at steady-state.

Apalutamide represented 45% and N-desmethyl apalutamide represented 44% of the total AUC following a single oral administration of radiolabeled apalutamide 240 mg.

Excretion

Up to 70 days following a single oral administration of radiolabeled apalutamide, 65% of the dose was recovered in urine (1.2% of dose as unchanged apalutamide and 2.7% as N-desmethyl apalutamide) and 24% was recovered in feces (1.5% of dose as unchanged apalutamide and 2% as N-desmethyl apalutamide).

Specific Populations

No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of apalutamide or N-desmethyl apalutamide were observed based on age (18–94 years), race (Black, non-Japanese Asian, Japanese), mild to moderate (eGFR 30–89 mL/min/1.73 m2, estimated by the modification of diet in renal disease [MDRD] equation) renal impairment, or mild (Child-Pugh A) to moderate (Child-Pugh B) hepatic impairment.

The effect of severe renal impairment or end stage renal disease (eGFR ≤29 mL/min/1.73 m2, MDRD) or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) on apalutamide pharmacokinetics is unknown.

Drug Interactions

Effect of Other Drugs on ERLEADA

Strong CYP2C8 inhibitors

Apalutamide Cmax decreased by 21% while AUC increased by 68% following co-administration of ERLEADA as a 240 mg single dose with gemfibrozil (a strong CYP2C8 inhibitor). Gemfibrozil is predicted to increase the steady-state apalutamide Cmax by 32% and AUC by 44%. For the active moieties (sum of unbound apalutamide plus the potency-adjusted unbound N-desmethyl apalutamide), the predicted steady-state Cmax increased by 19% and AUC by 23%.

Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors

Apalutamide Cmax decreased by 22% while AUC was similar following co-administration of ERLEADA as a 240 mg single dose with itraconazole (a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor). Ketoconazole (a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor) is predicted to increase the single-dose apalutamide AUC by 24% but have no impact on Cmax. Ketoconazole is predicted to increase the steady-state apalutamide Cmax by 38% and AUC by 51%. For the active moieties, the predicted steady-state Cmax increased by 23% and AUC by 28%.

CYP3A4/CYP2C8 inducers

Rifampin (a strong CYP3A4 and moderate CYP2C8 inducer) is predicted to decrease the steady-state apalutamide Cmax by 25% and AUC by 34%. For the active moieties, the predicted steady-state Cmax decreased by 15% and AUC by 19%.

Acid lowering agents

Apalutamide is not ionizable under relevant physiological pH condition, therefore acid lowering agents (e.g. proton pump inhibitor, H2-receptor antagonist, antacid) are not expected to affect the solubility and bioavailability of apalutamide.

Drugs affecting transporters

In vitro, apalutamide and N-desmethyl apalutamide are substrates for P-gp but not BCRP, OATP1B1, and OATP1B3. Because apalutamide is completely absorbed after oral administration, P-gp does not limit the absorption of apalutamide and therefore, inhibition or induction of P-gp is not expected to affect the bioavailability of apalutamide.

Effect of ERLEADA on Other Drugs

CYP substrates

In vitro studies showed that apalutamide and N-desmethyl apalutamide are moderate to strong CYP3A4 and CYP2B6 inducers, are moderate inhibitors of CYP2B6 and CYP2C8, and weak inhibitors of CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4. Apalutamide and N-desmethyl apalutamide do not affect CYP1A2 and CYP2D6 at therapeutically relevant concentrations.

Co-administration of ERLEADA with single oral doses of sensitive CYP substrates resulted in a 92% decrease in the AUC of midazolam (a CYP3A4 substrate), 85% decrease in the AUC of omeprazole (a CYP2C19 substrate), and 46% decrease in the AUC of S-warfarin (a CYP2C9 substrate). ERLEADA did not cause clinically significant changes in exposure to a CYP2C8 substrate.

P-gp, BCRP and OATP1B1 substrates

Co-administration of ERLEADA with single oral doses of transporter substrates resulted in a 30% decrease in the AUC of fexofenadine (a P-gp substrate) and 41% decrease in the AUC of rosuvastatin (a BCRP/OATP1B1 substrate) but had no impact on Cmax.

UGT substrates

Apalutamide may induce UGT. Concomitant administration of ERLEADA with medications that are substrates of UGT may result in lower exposure to these medications.

OCT2, OAT1, OAT3 and MATEs substrates

In vitro, apalutamide and N-desmethyl apalutamide inhibit organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2), organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) and multidrug and toxin extrusions (MATEs), and do not inhibit organic anion transporter 1. Apalutamide is not predicted to cause clinically significant changes in exposure to an OAT3 substrate.

GnRH Analog

In mCSPC subjects receiving leuprolide acetate (a GnRH analog) co-administered with apalutamide, PK data indicated that apalutamide had no apparent effect on the steady-state exposure of leuprolide.

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of apalutamide. Apalutamide did not induce mutations in the bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) assay and was not genotoxic in either in vitro chromosome aberration assay or the in vivo rat bone marrow micronucleus assay or the in vivo rat Comet assay.

In repeat-dose toxicity studies in male rats (up to 26 weeks) and dogs (up to 39 weeks), atrophy of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles, aspermia/hypospermia, tubular degeneration and/or hyperplasia or hypertrophy of the interstitial cells in the reproductive system were observed at ≥ 25 mg/kg/day in rats (1.4 times the human exposure based on AUC) and ≥ 2.5 mg/kg/day in dogs (0.9 times the human exposure based on AUC).

In a fertility study in male rats, a decrease in sperm concentration and motility, increased abnormal sperm morphology, lower copulation and fertility rates (upon pairing with untreated females) along with reduced weights of the secondary sex glands and epididymis were observed following 4 weeks of dosing at ≥ 25 mg/kg/day (0.8 times the human exposure based on AUC). A reduced number of live fetuses due to increased pre- and/or post-implantation loss was observed following 4 weeks of 150 mg/kg/day administration (5.7 times the human exposure based on AUC). Effects on male rats were reversible after 8 weeks from the last apalutamide administration.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

The efficacy and safety of ERLEADA was established in two randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials.

TITAN (NCT02489318): Metastatic Castration-sensitive Prostate Cancer (mCSPC)

TITAN was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational, clinical trial in which 1052 patients with mCSPC were randomized (1:1) to receive either ERLEADA orally at a dose of 240 mg once daily (N=525) or placebo once daily (N=527). All patients in the TITAN trial received concomitant GnRH analog or had prior bilateral orchiectomy. Patients were stratified by Gleason score at diagnosis, prior docetaxel use, and region of the world. Patients with both high- and low-volume mCSPC were eligible for the study. High volume of disease was defined as metastases involving the viscera with 1 bone lesion or the presence of 4 or more bone lesions, at least 1 of which must be in a bony structure beyond the vertebral column and pelvic bones.

The following patient demographics and baseline disease characteristics were balanced between the treatment arms. The median age was 68 years (range 43–94) and 23% of patients were 75 years of age or older. The racial distribution was 68% Caucasian, 22% Asian, and 2% Black. Sixty-three percent (63%) of patients had high-volume disease and 37% had low-volume disease. Sixteen percent (16%) of patients had prior surgery, radiotherapy of the prostate or both. A majority of patients had a Gleason score of 8 or higher (67%). Sixty-eight percent (68%) of patients received prior treatment with an anti-androgen (bicalutamide, flutamide, or nilutamide). All patients except one in the placebo group, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) score of 0 or 1 at study entry.

The major efficacy outcome measures of the study were overall survival (OS) and radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS). Radiographic progression-free survival was based on investigator assessment and was defined as time from randomization to radiographic disease progression or death. Radiographic disease progression was defined by identification of 2 or more new bone lesions on a bone scan with confirmation (Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 criteria) and/or progression in soft tissue disease.

A statistically significant improvement in OS and rPFS was demonstrated in patients randomized to receive ERLEADA compared with patients randomized to receive placebo. The results for OS are based upon a prespecified interim efficacy analysis. Efficacy results of TITAN are summarized in Table 5 and Figures 1 and 2.

Table 5: Efficacy Results from the TITAN Study
EndpointERLEADA
(N=525)
Placebo
(N=527)
*
Interim analysis is based on 50% of the number of events planned for the final analysis. Allocated alpha = 0.01.
NE=Not Estimable
Hazard ratio is from stratified proportional hazards model. Hazard ratio <1 favors ERLEADA.
§
p-value is from the log-rank test stratified by Gleason score at diagnosis (≤7 vs. >7), Region (NA/EU vs. Other Countries) and Prior docetaxel use (Yes vs. No).
Overall Survival*
  Deaths (%)83 (16%)117 (22%)
  Median, months (95% CI)NE (NE, NE)NE (NE, NE)
  Hazard Ratio (95% CI)0.67 (0.51, 0.89)
    p-value§0.0053
Radiographic Progression-free Survival
  Disease progression or death (%)134 (26%)231 (44%)
  Median, months (95% CI)NE (NE, NE)22.1 (18, 33)
  Hazard Ratio (95% CI)0.48 (0.39, 0.60)
    p-value§<0.0001

Consistent improvement in rPFS was observed across the following patient subgroups: disease volume (high vs low), prior docetaxel use (yes or no), and Gleason score at diagnosis (≤7 vs. >7).

Consistent improvement in OS was observed across the following patient subgroups: disease volume (high vs low) and Gleason score at diagnosis (≤7 vs. >7).

Treatment with ERLEADA resulted in a statistically significant delay in the initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy (HR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.27, 0.56; p < 0.0001).

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Plot of Overall Survival (OS); Intent-to-treat mCSPC Population (TITAN)
Figure 1
Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Plot of Radiographic Progression-Free Survival (rPFS); Intent-to-treat mCSPC Population (TITAN)
Figure 2

SPARTAN (NCT01946204): Non-metastatic, Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (nmCRPC)

SPARTAN was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled clinical trial in which 1207 patients with nmCRPC were randomized (2:1) to receive either ERLEADA orally at a dose of 240 mg once daily (N=806) or placebo once daily (N=401). All patients in the SPARTAN trial received a concomitant GnRH analog or had a bilateral orchiectomy. Patients were stratified by Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Doubling Time (PSADT), the use of bone-sparing agents, and locoregional disease. Patients were required to have a PSADT ≤ 10 months and confirmation of non-metastatic disease by blinded independent central review (BICR). PSA results were blinded and were not used for treatment discontinuation. Patients randomized to either arm discontinued treatment for radiographic disease progression confirmed by BICR, locoregional-only progression, initiation of new treatment, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal.

The following patient demographics and baseline disease characteristics were balanced between the treatment arms. The median age was 74 years (range 48–97) and 26% of patients were 80 years of age or older. The racial distribution was 66% Caucasian, 12% Asian, and 6% Black. Seventy-seven percent (77%) of patients in both treatment arms had prior surgery or radiotherapy of the prostate. A majority of patients had a Gleason score of 7 or higher (78%). Fifteen percent (15%) of patients had <2 cm pelvic lymph nodes at study entry. Seventy-three percent (73%) of patients received prior treatment with an anti-androgen; 69% of patients received bicalutamide and 10% of patients received flutamide. All patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) score of 0 or 1 at study entry.

The major efficacy outcome measure of the study was metastasis-free survival (MFS), defined as the time from randomization to the time of first evidence of BICR-confirmed distant metastasis, defined as new bone or soft tissue lesions or enlarged lymph nodes above the iliac bifurcation, or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Additional efficacy endpoints were time to metastasis (TTM), progression-free survival (PFS) which also includes locoregional progression, time to symptomatic progression, overall survival (OS), and time to initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy.

A statistically significant improvement in MFS and OS was demonstrated in patients randomized to receive ERLEADA compared with patients randomized to receive placebo. The major efficacy outcome (MFS) was supported by improvements in TTM and PFS. The final analysis of OS and time to initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy was conducted 32 months after the analysis of MFS, TTM and PFS. The efficacy results from SPARTAN are summarized in Table 6 and Figures 3 and 4.

Table 6: Efficacy Results from the SPARTAN Study
EndpointERLEADA
(N=806)
Placebo
(N=401)
*
All analyses stratified by PSA doubling time, bone-sparing agent use, and locoregional disease status.
Confirmed responses assessed by BICR.
Locoregional-only progression is observed in 2.4% of patients overall.
§
NE=Not Estimable
Metastasis Free Survival*,,
  Number of Events (%)184 (23%)194 (48%)
  Median, months (95% CI)§40.5 (NE, NE)16.2 (15, 18)
  Hazard Ratio (95% CI)0.28 (0.23, 0.35)
    p-value*<0.0001
Time to Metastasis*,
  Number of Events (%)175 (22%)191 (48%)
  Median, months (95% CI)§40.5 (NE, NE)16.6 (15, 18)
  Hazard Ratio (95% CI)0.27 (0.22, 0.34)
    p-value*<0.0001
Progression-Free Survival*,
  Number of Events (%)200 (25%)204 (51%)
  Median, months (95% CI)§40.5 (NE, NE)14.7 (14, 18)
  Hazard Ratio (95% CI)0.29 (0.24, 0.36)
    p-value*<0.0001
Overall Survival
  Number of Events (%)274 (34%)154 (38%)
  Median, months (95% CI)§73.9 (61, NE)59.9 (53, NE)
  Hazard Ratio (95% CI)0.78 (0.64, 0.96)
    p-value*0.0161

Consistent results for MFS were observed across patient subgroups including PSADT (≤ 6 months or > 6 months), use of a prior bone-sparing agent (yes or no), and locoregional disease (N0 or N1).

Treatment with ERLEADA resulted in a statistically significant delay in the initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy [HR = 0.63 (95% CI:0.49, 0.81), p=0.0002].

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Metastasis-Free Survival (MFS) Curve in SPARTAN (nmCRPC)
Figure 3
Figure 4: Kaplan-Meier Overall Survival (OS) Curve in SPARTAN (nmCRPC)
Figure 4

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

ERLEADA® (apalutamide) 60 mg film-coated tablets are slightly yellowish to greyish green, oblong-shaped tablets debossed with "AR 60" on one side. ERLEADA 60 mg tablets are available in bottles of 120 tablets. Each bottle contains silica gel desiccant.

NDC Number59676-600-12

Storage and Handling

Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Store in the original package. Do not discard desiccant. Protect from light and moisture.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).

Cerebrovascular and Ischemic Cardiovascular Events

  • Inform patients that ERLEADA has been associated with cerebrovascular and ischemic cardiovascular events. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if any symptoms suggestive of a cardiovascular or a cerebrovascular event occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Falls and Fractures

Seizures

  • Inform patients that ERLEADA has been associated with an increased risk of seizure. Discuss conditions that may predispose to seizures and medications that may lower the seizure threshold. Advise patients of the risk of engaging in any activity where sudden loss of consciousness could cause serious harm to themselves or others. Inform patients to contact their healthcare provider right away if they experience a seizure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Rash

  • Inform patients that ERLEADA is associated with rashes and to inform their healthcare provider if they develop a rash [see Adverse Reactions (6.1, 6.2)].

Dosage and Administration

  • Inform patients receiving concomitant gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog therapy that they need to maintain this treatment during the course of treatment with ERLEADA.
  • Instruct patients to take their dose at the same time each day (once daily). ERLEADA can be taken with or without food. Each tablet should be swallowed whole.
  • Inform patients that in the event of a missed daily dose of ERLEADA, they should take their normal dose as soon as possible on the same day with a return to the normal schedule on the following day. The patient should not take extra tablets to make up the missed dose [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
  • Instruct patients who have difficulty swallowing tablets whole to mix the recommended dose of ERLEADA tablets with applesauce. Do not crush tablets [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

  • Inform patients that ERLEADA can be harmful to a developing fetus. Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of ERLEADA. Advise male patients to use a condom if having sex with a pregnant woman [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Infertility

  • Advise male patients that ERLEADA may impair fertility and not to donate sperm during therapy and for 3 months following the last dose of ERLEADA [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

Manufactured by:
Janssen Ortho LLC
Gurabo, PR 00778

Manufactured for:
Janssen Products, LP
Horsham, PA 19044

© 2019 Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Revised: 11/2020
PATIENT INFORMATION
ERLEADA
® (er lee'dah)
(apalutamide)
Tablets
What is ERLEADA?
ERLEADA is a prescription medicine used for the treatment of prostate cancer:
  • that has spread to other parts of the body and still responds to a medical or surgical treatment that lowers testosterone, OR
  • that has not spread to other parts of the body and no longer responds to a medical or surgical treatment that lowers testosterone.
It is not known if ERLEADA is safe and effective in females.
It is not known if ERLEADA is safe and effective in children.
Before taking ERLEADA, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have a history of heart disease
  • have high blood pressure
  • have diabetes
  • have abnormal amounts of fat or cholesterol in your blood (dyslipidemia)
  • have a history of seizures, brain injury, stroke, or brain tumors
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. ERLEADA can cause harm to your unborn baby and loss of pregnancy (miscarriage).
  • have a partner who is pregnant or may become pregnant.
    • Males who have female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of ERLEADA.
    • Males should use a condom during sex with a pregnant female.
    Talk with your healthcare provider if you have questions about birth control.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if ERLEADA passes into breast milk.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. ERLEADA can interact with many other medicines.
You should not start or stop any medicine before you talk with the healthcare provider that prescribed ERLEADA.
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them with you to show to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
How should I take ERLEADA?
  • Take ERLEADA exactly as your healthcare provider tells you.
  • Your healthcare provider may change your dose if needed.
  • Do not stop taking your prescribed dose of ERLEADA without talking with your healthcare provider first.
  • Take your prescribed dose of ERLEADA 1 time a day, at the same time each day.
  • Take ERLEADA with or without food.
  • Swallow ERLEADA tablets whole.
  • If you miss a dose of ERLEADA, take your normal dose as soon as possible on the same day. Return to your normal schedule on the following day. You should not take extra tablets to make up the missed dose.
  • You should start or continue a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog therapy during your treatment with ERLEADA unless you have had a surgery to lower the amount of testosterone in your body (surgical castration).
  • If you take too much ERLEADA, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room.
  • If you are unable to swallow ERLEADA tablets whole, you may:
    • Place your dose of ERLEADA in a container that contains 4 ounces (120 mL) of applesauce and stir. Do not crush the tablets.
    • Wait 15 minutes and stir the mixture.
    • Wait another 15 minutes and stir the mixture until the tablets are well mixed with no chunks remaining.
    • Swallow the mixture right away using a spoon.
    • Rinse the container with 2 ounces (60 mL) of water and drink the water mixture right away.
    • Repeat the rinse with 2 ounces (60 mL) of water one more time to make sure that you take your full dose of ERLEADA.
    • Swallow all the applesauce and medicine mixture within 1 hour of preparation. Do not store ERLEADA that is mixed with applesauce.
What are the possible side effects of ERLEADA?
ERLEADA may cause serious side effects including:
  • Heart disease, stroke, or mini-stroke. Bleeding in the brain or blockage of the arteries in the heart or in part of the brain have happened in some people during treatment with ERLEADA and can lead to death. Your healthcare provider will monitor you for signs and symptoms of heart or brain problems during your treatment with ERLEADA. Call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away if you get:
  • chest pain or discomfort at rest or with activity
  • shortness of breath
  • numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • trouble talking or understanding
  • trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, or trouble walking
  • Fractures and falls. ERLEADA treatment can cause bones and muscles to weaken and may increase your risk for falls and fractures. Falls and fractures have happened in people during treatment with ERLEADA. Your healthcare provider will monitor your risks for falls and fractures during treatment with ERLEADA.
  • Seizure. Treatment with ERLEADA may increase your risk of having a seizure. You should avoid activities where a sudden loss of consciousness could cause serious harm to yourself or others. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a loss of consciousness or seizure. Your healthcare provider will stop ERLEADA if you have a seizure during treatment.
The most common side effects of ERLEADA include:
  • feeling very tired
  • joint pain
  • rash. Tell your healthcare provider if you get a rash.
  • decreased appetite
  • fall
  • weight loss
  • hypertension
  • hot flash
  • diarrhea
  • fracture
ERLEADA may cause fertility problems in males, which may affect the ability to father children. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have concerns about fertility. Do not donate sperm during treatment with ERLEADA and for 3 months after the last dose of ERLEADA.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of ERLEADA.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store ERLEADA?
  • Store ERLEADA at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
  • Store ERLEADA in the original package.
  • The bottle of ERLEADA contains a desiccant packet to help keep your medicine dry (protect it from moisture). Do not throw away (discard) the desiccant.
  • Protect ERLEADA from light and moisture.
Keep ERLEADA and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of ERLEADA.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use ERLEADA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give ERLEADA to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about ERLEADA that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in ERLEADA?
Active ingredient: apalutamide
Inactive ingredients: colloidal anhydrous silica, croscarmellose sodium, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-acetate succinate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and silicified microcrystalline cellulose. The film-coating contains iron oxide black, iron oxide yellow, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, and titanium dioxide.
Manufactured by: Janssen Ortho LLC, Gurabo, PR 00778
Manufactured for: Janssen Products, LP, Horsham, PA 19044
© 2019 Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies
For more information, call Janssen Products, LP at 1-800-526-7736 (1-800-JANSSEN) or go to www.erleada.com.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 60 mg Tablet Bottle Label

NDC 59676-600-12

Erleada®
(apalutamide) tablets

60 mg

Each tablet contains 60 mg of
apalutamide.

Rx only

120 Tablets

janssen

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 60 mg Tablet Bottle Label
ERLEADA 
apalutamide tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:59676-600
Route of AdministrationORAL
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
Apalutamide (UNII: 4T36H88UA7) (Apalutamide - UNII:4T36H88UA7) Apalutamide60 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
Croscarmellose sodium (UNII: M28OL1HH48)  
HYPROMELLOSE ACETATE SUCCINATE 16070722 (3 MM2/S) (UNII: 24P2YXD2PW)  
Magnesium stearate (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
Microcrystalline cellulose (UNII: OP1R32D61U)  
FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW (UNII: EX438O2MRT)  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 3WJQ0SDW1A)  
POLYVINYL ALCOHOL, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 532B59J990)  
Talc (UNII: 7SEV7J4R1U)  
Titanium dioxide (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)  
Product Characteristics
ColorGREEN (slightly yellowish to greyish green) Scoreno score
ShapeOVAL (Oblong) Size17mm
FlavorImprint Code AR;60
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:59676-600-12120 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product02/14/2018
2NDC:59676-600-99120 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product02/14/2018
3NDC:59676-600-562 in 1 CARTON04/01/2019
328 in 1 BLISTER PACK; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA21095102/14/2018
Labeler - Janssen Products, LP (804684207)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.080236951API MANUFACTURE(59676-600)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Johnson & Johnson Private Limited677603030ANALYSIS(59676-600)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Janssen Pharmaceutica NV400345889API MANUFACTURE(59676-600)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Janssen Ortho LLC805887986MANUFACTURE(59676-600)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Janssen Cilag SpA542797928PACK(59676-600)

Revised: 11/2020
Document Id: 94745c0c-5677-4031-af42-0eca289d5158
Set id: d1cda4f7-cb33-46ea-b9ac-431f6452b1a5
Version: 11
Effective Time: 20201125
 
Janssen Products, LP