E-Z-HD- barium sulfate powder, for suspension
E-Z-EM Canada Inc
HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
These highlights do not include all the information needed to use E-Z-HD safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for E-Z-HD.
E-Z-HD (barium sulfate) for oral suspension,
Initial U.S. Approval: 2016
RECENT MAJOR CHANGES
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
E-Z-HD, a radiographic contrast agent, is indicated for use in double-contrast radiographic examinations of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum to visualize the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in patients 12 years and older (1)
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
For oral suspension: 334 grams of barium sulfate (98 % w/w) in a single-dose bottle for reconstitution(3)
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Common adverse reactions include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramping (6)
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Bracco Diagnostics Inc at 1-800-257-5181 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch
See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.
FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*
The recommended dose of reconstituted E-Z-HD for adults and pediatric patients 12 years and olderis between 65 and 135 mL given orally (155 to 321 grams of barium sulfate, respectively). Volumes closer to 65 mL are recommended for the examination of the esophagus and volumes up to 135 mL are recommended for examination of the entire upper GI tract.
For oral suspension: 334 grams of barium sulfate supplied as a fine, white to lightly colored powder (98 % w/w) in a single-dose HDPE plastic bottle for reconstitution. The suspension is 238% w/v when reconstituted and should be homogeneous and white to lightly colored.
Barium sulfate preparations contain a number of excipients, including natural and artificial flavors and may induce serious hypersensitivity reactions. The manifestations include hypotension, bronchospasm and other respiratory impairments, dermal reactions including rashes, urticaria, and itching. A history of bronchial asthma, atopy, or a previous reaction to a contrast agent may increase the risk for hypersensitivity reactions. Emergency equipment and trained personnel should be immediately available for treatment of a hypersensitivity reaction.
The use of E-Z-HD is contraindicated in patients at high risk of perforation of the GI tract [see Contraindications (4)]. Administration of E-Z-HD may result in leakage of barium from the GI tract in the presence of conditions such as carcinomas, GI fistula, inflammatory bowel disease, gastric or duodenal ulcer, appendicitis, or diverticulitis, and in patients with a severe stenosis at any level of the GI tract, especially if it is distal to the stomach. The barium leakage has been associated with peritonitis and granuloma formation.
The use of E-Z-HD is contraindicated in patients at high risk of aspiration [see Contraindications (4)]. Oral administration of barium is associated with aspiration pneumonitis, especially in patients with a history of food aspiration or with compromised swallowing mechanism. Vomiting following oral administration of barium sulfate may lead to aspiration pneumonitis. In patients at risk for aspiration, begin the procedure with a small ingested volume of E-Z-HD. Discontinue administration of E-Z-HD immediately if aspiration is suspected.
Barium sulfate products may occasionally intravasate into the venous drainage of the large bowel and enter the circulation as a "barium embolus" leading to potentially fatal complications which include systemic and pulmonary embolism, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia and prolonged severe hypotension. Although this complication is exceedingly uncommon after oral administration of a barium sulfate suspension, monitor patients for potential intravasation when administering barium sulfate.
The following adverse reactions have been identified from spontaneous reporting or clinical studies of barium sulfate administered orally. Because the reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or to establish a causal relationship to drug exposure
Clinical studies of E-Z-HD did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
E-Z-HD (barium sulfate) is a radiographic contrast agent that is supplied as a fine, white to lightly colored powder for suspension (98 % w/w) for oral administration. The active ingredient barium sulfate is designated chemically as BaSO4 with a molecular weight of 233.43 g/mol, a density of 4.5 g/cm3, and the following chemical structure:
E-Z-HD contains excipients including: acacia, artificial cherry flavor, artificial strawberry flavor, carrageenan, citric acid, ethyl maltol, polysorbate 80, saccharin sodium, simethicone, sodium citrate, and sorbitol.
16.1 How Supplied
E-Z-HD (barium sulfate) for suspension, is supplied as a fine, white to lightly colored powder (98 % w/w) in a single-dose HDPE plastic bottle containing 334 grams of barium sulfate.
barium sulfate powder, for suspension
|Labeler - E-Z-EM Canada Inc (204211163)|
|Registrant - BRACCO DIAGNOSTICS INC (849234661)|
|CIMBAR PERFORMANCE MINERALS, INC.||963805671||API MANUFACTURE(32909-764)|
|E-Z-EM Canada Inc||204211163||ANALYSIS(32909-764) , MANUFACTURE(32909-764) , PACK(32909-764) , LABEL(32909-764)|