TREANDA- bendamustine hydrochloride injection, solution, concentrate 
TREANDA- bendamustine hydrochloride injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution 
Cephalon, Inc.

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use TREANDA safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for TREANDA.

TREANDA® (bendamustine hydrochloride) injection, for intravenous use
TREANDA® (bendamustine hydrochloride) for injection, for intravenous use
Initial U.S. Approval: 2008

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

TREANDA is an alkylating drug indicated for treatment of patients with:

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Efficacy relative to first line therapies other than chlorambucil has not been established. (1.1)
  • Indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that has progressed during or within six months of treatment with rituximab or a rituximab-containing regimen. (1.2)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

TREANDA is available in two formulations, a solution (TREANDA Injection) and a lyophilized powder (TREANDA for Injection). (2.1)

Do not use TREANDA injection with devices that contain polycarbonate or acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), including most Closed System Transfer Devices (CSTDs). (2.1, 2.4)

For CLL:

  • 100 mg/m2 infused intravenously over 30 minutes on Days 1 and 2 of a 28-day cycle, up to 6 cycles (2.2)

 For NHL:

  • 120 mg/m2 infused intravenously over 60 minutes on Days 1 and 2 of a 21-day cycle, up to 8 cycles (2.3)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Injection: 45 mg/0.5 mL or 180 mg/2 mL (90 mg/mL) in a single-dose vial. (3)
For Injection: 25 mg or 100 mg lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial for reconstitution. (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

TREANDA is contraindicated in patients with a history of a hypersensitivity reaction to bendamustine. Reactions have included anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reactions. (4, 5.3)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Myelosuppression: Delay or reduce dose and restart treatment based on ANC and platelet count recovery. (5.1)
  • Infections: Monitor for fever and other signs of infection or reactivation of infections and treat promptly. (5.2)
  • Anaphylaxis and Infusion Reactions: Severe and anaphylactic reactions have occurred; monitor clinically and discontinue drug for severe reactions. Pre-medicate in subsequent cycles for milder reactions. (5.3)
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome: May lead to acute renal failure and death; anticipate and use supportive measures in patients at high risk. (5.4)
  • Skin Reactions: Discontinue for severe skin reactions. Cases of SJS, DRESS and TEN, some fatal, have been reported. (5.5)
  • Hepatotoxicity: Monitor liver chemistry tests prior to and during treatment. (5.6)
  • Other Malignancies: Pre-malignant and malignant diseases have been reported. (5.7)
  • Extravasation Injury: Take precautions to avoid extravasation, including monitoring intravenous infusion site during and after administration. (5.8)
  • Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus and to use an effective method of contraception. (5.9, 8.1, 8.3)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

  • Adverse reactions (frequency >5%) during infusion and within 24 hours post-infusion are nausea and fatigue. (6.1)  
  • Most common adverse reactions (≥15%) for CLL are anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, lymphopenia, leukopenia,  pyrexia, nausea, vomiting. (6.2, 6.3)   
  • Most common adverse reactions (≥15%) for NHL are lymphopenia, leukopenia, anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, nausea, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, pyrexia, constipation, anorexia, cough, headache, weight decreased, dyspnea, rash, and stomatitis. (6.2, 6.3)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Teva Pharmaceuticals at 1-888-483-8279 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Consider alternative therapies that are not CYP1A2 inducers or inhibitors during treatment with TREANDA. (7)

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

  • Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2)
  • Infertility: May impair fertility. (8.3)

  • Renal Impairment: Do not use in patients with creatinine clearance  <30 mL/min. (8.6)

  • Hepatic Impairment: Do not use in patients with total bilirubin 1.5-3 x ULN and AST or ALT 2.5-10 x ULN, or total bilirubin >3 x ULN. (8.7)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

Revised: 11/2019

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1  Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

1.2  Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Selection of TREANDA Formulation to Administer

2.2  Dosing Instructions for CLL

2.3  Dosing Instructions for NHL

2.4  Preparation for Intravenous Administration

2.5  Admixture Stability

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1  Myelosuppression

5.2  Infections

5.3  Anaphylaxis and Infusion Reactions

5.4  Tumor Lysis Syndrome

5.5  Skin Reactions

5.6 Hepatotoxicity

5.7  Other Malignancies

5.8  Extravasation Injury

5.9  Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Effect of Other Drugs on TREANDA

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.2 Lactation

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

8.6  Renal Impairment

8.7  Hepatic Impairment

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

14.2 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

15 REFERENCES

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1  Safe Handling and Disposal

16.2  How Supplied

16.3  Storage

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

*
Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1  Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

TREANDA® is indicated for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Efficacy relative to first line therapies other than chlorambucil has not been established.

1.2  Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

TREANDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma that has progressed during or within six months of treatment with rituximab or a rituximab-containing regimen.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Selection of TREANDA Formulation to Administer

TREANDA is available in two formulations, a solution (TREANDA Injection) and a lyophilized powder (TREANDA for Injection).

Do not use TREANDA Injection if you intend to use closed system transfer devices (CSTDs), adapters and syringes containing polycarbonate or acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) prior to dilution in the infusion bag [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

If using a syringe to withdraw and transfer TREANDA Injection from the vial into the infusion bag, only use a polypropylene syringe with a metal needle and polypropylene hub to withdraw and transfer TREANDA Injection into the infusion bag. Polypropylene syringes are translucent in appearance.

TREANDA Injection and the reconstituted TREANDA for Injection have different concentrations of bendamustine hydrochloride. The concentration of bendamustine hydrochloride in the solution is 90 mg/mL and the concentration of bendamustine hydrochloride in the reconstituted solution of lyophilized powder is 5 mg/mL. Do not mix or combine the two formulations.

TREANDA Injection must be withdrawn and transferred for dilution in a biosafety cabinet (BSC) or containment isolator using a polypropylene syringe with a metal needle and a polypropylene hub.

If a CSTD or adapter that contains polycarbonate or ABS is used as supplemental protection prior to dilution1, only use TREANDA for Injection, the lyophilized powder formulation [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16.1)].

2.2  Dosing Instructions for CLL

Recommended Dosage:       

The recommended dose is 100 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 30 minutes on Days 1 and 2 of a 28-day cycle, up to 6 cycles.

Dose Delays, Dose Modifications and Reinitiation of Therapy for CLL:

Delay TREANDA administration in the event of Grade 4 hematologic toxicity or clinically significant ≥ Grade 2 non-hematologic toxicity.  Once non-hematologic toxicity has recovered to less than or equal to Grade 1 and/or the blood counts have improved [Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1 x 109/L, platelets ≥ 75 x 109/L], reinitiate TREANDA at the discretion of the treating physician. In addition, consider dose reduction. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Dose modifications for hematologic toxicity: for Grade 3 or greater toxicity, reduce the dose to 50 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle; if Grade 3 or greater toxicity recurs, reduce the dose to 25 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle.

Dose modifications for non-hematologic toxicity: for clinically significant Grade 3 or greater toxicity, reduce the dose to 50 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle.

Consider dose re-escalation in subsequent cycles at the discretion of the treating physician.

2.3  Dosing Instructions for NHL

Recommended Dosage: 

The recommended dose is 120 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 60 minutes on Days 1 and 2 of a 21-day cycle, up to 8 cycles. 

Dose Delays, Dose Modifications and Reinitiation of Therapy for NHL:

Delay TREANDA administration in the event of a Grade 4 hematologic toxicity or clinically significant greater than or equal to Grade 2 non-hematologic toxicity.  Once non-hematologic toxicity has recovered to ≤ Grade 1 and/or the blood counts have improved [Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1 x 109/L, platelets ≥ 75 x 109/L], reinitiate TREANDA at the discretion of the treating physician. In addition, consider dose reduction. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Dose modifications for hematologic toxicity: for Grade 4 toxicity, reduce the dose to 90 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle; if Grade 4 toxicity recurs, reduce the dose to 60 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle. 

Dose modifications for non-hematologic toxicity: for Grade 3 or greater toxicity, reduce the dose to 90 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle; if Grade 3 or greater toxicity recurs, reduce the dose to 60 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2 of each cycle.

2.4  Preparation for Intravenous Administration

TREANDA is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.1

TREANDA Injection (45 mg/0.5 mL or 180 mg/2 mL solution)

TREANDA Injection must be diluted in a biosafety cabinet (BSC) or containment isolator.

  • When preparing and transferring the concentrated TREANDA Injection solution into the infusion bag, do not use devices that contain polycarbonate or ABS. However, after dilution of TREANDA Injection into the infusion bag, devices that contain polycarbonate or ABS, including infusion sets, may be used.

    TREANDA Injection contains N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA), which is incompatible with devices that contain polycarbonate or ABS. Devices, including CSTDs, adapters, and syringes that contain polycarbonate or ABS have been shown to dissolve when they come in contact with DMA which is present in the product. This incompatibility leads to device failure (e.g., leaking, breaking, or operational failure of CSTD components), possible product contamination, and potential serious adverse health consequences to the practitioner, including skin reactions; or to the patient, including but not limited to, the risk of small blood vessel blockage if they receive product contaminated with dissolved ABS or polycarbonate. Devices that are compatible for use in dilution of TREANDA Injection are available.

  • If using a syringe to withdraw and transfer TREANDA Injection from the vial into the infusion bag, only use a polypropylene syringe with a metal needle and a polypropylene hub to withdraw and transfer TREANDA Injection into the infusion bag.

  • Each vial of TREANDA Injection is intended for single dose only.

  • Aseptically withdraw the volume needed for the required dose from the 90 mg/mL solution using a polypropylene syringe with a metal needle and a polypropylene hub.

  • Immediately transfer the solution to a 500 mL infusion bag of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (normal saline). As an alternative to 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (normal saline), a 500 mL infusion bag of 2.5% Dextrose/0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, may be considered. The resulting final concentration of bendamustine HCl in the infusion bag should be within 0.2 – 0.7 mg/mL.

  • After dilution of TREANDA Injection into the infusion bag, devices that contain polycarbonate or ABS, including infusion sets, may be used.

  • Visually inspect the filled syringe and the prepared infusion bag to ensure the lack of visible particulate matter prior to administration. The admixture should be a clear colorless to yellow solution.

Use either 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, or 2.5% Dextrose/0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, for dilution, as outlined above. No other diluents have been shown to be compatible.

TREANDA for Injection (25 mg/vial or 100 mg/vial lyophilized powder)

If a closed system transfer device or adapter that contains polycarbonate or ABS is to be used as supplemental protection during preparation1, only use TREANDA for Injection, the lyophilized formulation.

  • Each vial of TREANDA for Injection is intended for single-dose only.

  • Aseptically reconstitute each TREANDA for Injection vial as follows:
    • 25 mg TREANDA for Injection vial: Add 5 mL of only Sterile Water for Injection, USP.
    • 100 mg TREANDA for Injection vial: Add 20 mL of only Sterile Water for Injection, USP.

  • Shake well to yield a clear, colorless to a pale yellow solution with a bendamustine HCl concentration of 5 mg/mL. The lyophilized powder should completely dissolve in 5 minutes. The reconstituted solution must be transferred to the infusion bag within 30 minutes of reconstitution. If particulate matter is observed, the reconstituted product should not be used.

  • Aseptically withdraw the volume needed for the required dose (based on 5 mg/mL concentration) and immediately transfer to a 500 mL infusion bag of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (normal saline). As an alternative to 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (normal saline), a 500 mL infusion bag of 2.5% Dextrose/0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, may be considered. The resulting final concentration of bendamustine HCl in the infusion bag should be within 0.2 – 0.6 mg/mL. After transferring, thoroughly mix the contents of the infusion bag.

  • Visually inspect the filled syringe and the prepared infusion bag to ensure the lack of visible particulate matter prior to administration. The admixture should be a clear and colorless to slightly yellow solution.

Use Sterile Water for Injection, USP, for reconstitution and then either 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, or 2.5% Dextrose/0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, for dilution, as outlined above. No other diluents have been shown to be compatible.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Any unused solution should be discarded according to institutional procedures for antineoplastics.

2.5  Admixture Stability

TREANDA Injection and TREANDA for Injection contain no antimicrobial preservative. The admixture should be prepared as close as possible to the time of patient administration.

TREANDA Injection (45 mg/0.5 mL or 180 mg/2 mL solution)

Once diluted with either 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, or 2.5% Dextrose/0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, the final admixture is stable for 24 hours stored under refrigerated conditions at 2°-8°C (36°-46°F) or for

2 hours when stored at room temperature (15°-30°C or 59°-86°F) and room light. Administration of diluted TREANDA Injection must be completed within this period.

TREANDA for Injection (25 mg/vial or 100 mg/vial lyophilized powder)

Once diluted with either 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, or 2.5% Dextrose/0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, the final admixture is stable for 24 hours stored under refrigerated conditions at 2°-8°C (36°-46°F) or for

3 hours when stored at room temperature (15°-30°C or 59°-86°F) and room light. Administration of reconstituted and diluted TREANDA for Injection must be completed within this period.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

TREANDA is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions) to bendamustine. [see Warnings and Precautions (4, 5.3)]

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1  Myelosuppression

TREANDA caused severe myelosuppression (Grade 3-4) in 98% of patients in the two NHL studies (see Table 4). Three patients (2%) died from myelosuppression-related adverse reactions; one each from neutropenic sepsis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage with Grade 3 thrombocytopenia, and pneumonia from an opportunistic infection (CMV).

Monitor complete blood counts, including leukocytes, platelets, hemoglobin (Hgb), and neutrophils frequently. In the clinical trials, blood counts were monitored every week initially. Hematologic nadirs were observed predominantly in the third week of therapy. Myelosuppression may require dose delays and/or subsequent dose reductions if recovery to the recommended values has not occurred by the first day of the next scheduled cycle. Prior to the initiation of the next cycle of therapy, the ANC should be ≥ 1 x 109/L and the platelet count should be ≥ 75 x 109/L. [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and (2.3)]

5.2  Infections

Infection, including pneumonia, sepsis, septic shock, hepatitis and death has occurred in adult and pediatric patients in clinical trials and in postmarketing reports. Patients with myelosuppression following treatment with TREANDA are more susceptible to infections. Advise patients with myelosuppression following TREANDA treatment to contact a physician if they have symptoms or signs of infection.

Patients treated with TREANDA are at risk for reactivation of infections including (but not limited to) hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and herpes zoster. Patients should undergo appropriate measures (including clinical and laboratory monitoring, prophylaxis, and treatment) for infection and infection reactivation prior to administration.

5.3  Anaphylaxis and Infusion Reactions

Infusion reactions to TREANDA have occurred commonly in clinical trials. Symptoms include fever, chills, pruritus and rash. In rare instances severe anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions have occurred, particularly in the second and subsequent cycles of therapy. Monitor clinically and discontinue drug for severe reactions. Ask patients about symptoms suggestive of infusion reactions after their first cycle of therapy. Patients who experience Grade 3 or worse allergic-type reactions should not be rechallenged. Consider measures to prevent severe reactions, including antihistamines, antipyretics and corticosteroids in subsequent cycles in patients who have experienced Grade 1 or 2 infusion reactions. Discontinue TREANDA for patients with Grade 4 infusion reactions. Consider discontinuation for Grade 3 infusions reactions as clinically appropriate considering individual benefits, risks, and supportive care.

5.4  Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Tumor lysis syndrome associated with TREANDA treatment has occurred in patients in clinical trials and in postmarketing reports. The onset tends to be within the first treatment cycle of TREANDA and, without intervention, may lead to acute renal failure and death. Preventive measures include vigorous hydration and close monitoring of blood chemistry, particularly potassium and uric acid levels. Allopurinol has also been used during the beginning of TREANDA therapy. However, there may be an increased risk of severe skin toxicity when TREANDA and allopurinol are administered concomitantly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

5.5  Skin Reactions

Fatal and serious skin reactions have been reported with TREANDA treatment in clinical trials and postmarketing safety reports, including toxic skin reactions [Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)], bullous exanthema, and rash. Events occurred when TREANDA was given as a single agent and in combination with other anticancer agents or allopurinol.

Where skin reactions occur, they may be progressive and increase in severity with further treatment. Monitor patients with skin reactions closely. If skin reactions are severe or progressive, withhold or discontinue TREANDA.

5.6 Hepatotoxicity

Fatal and serious cases of liver injury have been reported with TREANDA. Combination therapy, progressive disease or reactivation of hepatitis B were confounding factors in some patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Most cases were reported within the first three months of starting therapy. Monitor liver chemistry tests prior to and during bendamustine therapy.

5.7  Other Malignancies

There are reports of pre-malignant and malignant diseases that have developed in patients who have been treated with TREANDA, including myelodysplastic syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, acute myeloid leukemia and bronchial carcinoma. The association with bendamustine hydrochloride therapy has not been determined.

5.8  Extravasation Injury

TREANDA extravasations have been reported in postmarketing resulting in hospitalizations from erythema, marked swelling, and pain. Assure good venous access prior to starting TREANDA infusion and monitor the intravenous infusion site for redness, swelling, pain, infection, and necrosis during and after administration of TREANDA.

5.9  Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal reproduction studies and the drug’s mechanism of action, TREANDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Single intraperitoneal doses of bendamustine (that approximated the maximum recommended human dose based on body surface area) to pregnant mice and rats during organogenesis caused adverse developmental outcomes, including an increase in resorptions, skeletal and visceral malformations, and decreased fetal body weights. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use an effective method of contraception during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 6 months after the final dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 3 months after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions have been associated with TREANDA in clinical trials and are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The data described below reflect exposure to TREANDA in 153 patients. TREANDA was studied in an active-controlled, randomized trial.  The population was 45-77 years of age, 63% male, 100% white, and had treatment naïve CLL. All patients started the study at a dose of 100 mg/m2 intravenously over 30 minutes on Days 1 and 2 every 28 days. 

Adverse reactions were reported according to NCI CTC v.2.0.  In the randomized CLL clinical study, non-hematologic adverse reactions (any grade) in the TREANDA group that occurred with a frequency greater than 15% were pyrexia (24%), nausea (20%), and vomiting (16%).  

Other adverse reactions seen frequently in one or more studies included asthenia, fatigue, malaise, and weakness; dry mouth; somnolence; cough; constipation; headache; mucosal inflammation and stomatitis. 

Worsening hypertension was reported in 4 patients treated with TREANDA in the randomized CLL clinical study and in none treated with chlorambucil.  Three of these 4 adverse reactions were described as a hypertensive crisis and were managed with oral medications and resolved.

The most frequent adverse reactions leading to study withdrawal for patients receiving TREANDA were hypersensitivity (2%) and pyrexia (1%).

Table 1 contains the treatment emergent adverse reactions, regardless of attribution, that were reported in ≥ 5% of patients in either treatment group in the randomized CLL clinical study.

Table 1: Non- Hematologic Adverse Reactions Occurring in Randomized CLL Clinical Study in at Least 5% of Patients 

Number (%) of patients

 

TREANDA
(N=153)

Chlorambucil
(N=143)

Body System/ Adverse 
Reaction

All Grades

Grade 3/4

All Grades

Grade 3/4

Total number of patients with at least 1 adverse reaction

121 (79)

52 (34)

96 (67)

25 (17)

Gastrointestinal disorders

   Nausea

31 (20)

1 (<1)

21 (15)

1 (<1)

  Vomiting

24 (16)

1 (<1)

9 (6)

0

  Diarrhea

14 (9)

2 (1)

5 (3)

0

General disorders and administration site conditions

  Pyrexia

36 (24)

6 (4)

8 (6)

2 (1)

  Fatigue

14 (9)

2 (1)

8 (6)

0

  Asthenia

13 (8)

0

6 (4)

0

  Chills

9 (6)

0

1 (<1)

0

Immune system disorders

  Hypersensitivity

7 (5)

2 (1)

3 (2)

0

Infections and infestations

  Nasopharyngitis

10 (7)

0

12 (8)

0

  Infection

9 (6)

3 (2)

1 (<1)

1 (<1)

  Herpes simplex

5 (3)

0

7 (5)

0

Investigations

  Weight decreased

11 (7)

0

5 (3)

0

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

  Hyperuricemia

11 (7)

3 (2)

2 (1)

0

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

  Cough

6 (4)

1 (<1)

7 (5)

1 (<1)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

  Rash

12 (8)

4 (3)

7 (5)

3 (2)

  Pruritus

8 (5)

0

2 (1)

0

The Grade 3 and 4 hematology laboratory test values by treatment group in the randomized CLL clinical study are described in Table 2. These findings confirm the myelosuppressive effects seen in patients treated with TREANDA. Red blood cell transfusions were administered to 20% of patients receiving TREANDA compared with 6% of patients receiving chlorambucil.

Table 2:  Incidence of Hematology Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients Who Received TREANDA or Chlorambucil in the Randomized CLL Clinical Study

 

TREANDA
N=150

Chlorambucil
N=141

Laboratory Abnormality

All Grades
n (%)

Grade 3/4
n (%)

All Grades
n (%)

Grade 3/4
n (%)

Hemoglobin
Decreased

134 (89)

20 (13)

115 (82)

12 (9)

Platelets
Decreased

116 (77)

16 (11)

110 (78)

14 (10)

Leukocytes
Decreased

92 (61)

42 (28)

26 (18)

4 (3)

Lymphocytes
Decreased

102 (68)

70 (47)

27 (19)

6 (4)

Neutrophils
Decreased

113 (75)

65 (43)

86 (61)

30 (21)

In the randomized CLL trial, 34% of patients had bilirubin elevations, some without associated significant elevations in AST and ALT.  Grade 3 or 4 increased bilirubin occurred in 3% of patients.  Increases in AST and ALT of Grade 3 or 4 were limited to 1% and 3% of patients, respectively.  Patients treated with TREANDA may also have changes in their creatinine levels. If abnormalities are detected, monitoring of these parameters should be continued to ensure that further deterioration does not occur.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

The data described below reflect exposure to TREANDA in 176 patients with indolent B-cell NHL treated in two single-arm studies.  The population was 31-84 years of age, 60% male, and 40% female.  The race distribution was 89% White, 7% Black, 3% Hispanic, 1% other, and <1% Asian. These patients received TREANDA at a dose of 120 mg/m2 intravenously on Days 1 and 2 for up to eight 21-day cycles.

The adverse reactions occurring in at least 5% of the NHL patients, regardless of severity, are shown in Table 3. The most common non-hematologic adverse reactions (≥30%) were nausea (75%), fatigue (57%), vomiting (40%), diarrhea (37%) and pyrexia (34%).  The most common non-hematologic Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions (≥5%) were fatigue (11%), febrile neutropenia (6%), and pneumonia, hypokalemia and dehydration, each reported in 5% of patients.

Table 3: Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions Occurring in at Least 5% of NHL Patients Treated with TREANDA (N=176)

Body System/ Adverse

Number (%) of patients*

 Reaction

All Grades

Grade 3/4

Total number of patients with at least 1 adverse reaction

176 (100)

94 (53)

Cardiac disorders

    Tachycardia

13 (7)

0

Gastrointestinal disorders

    Nausea

132 (75)

7 (4)

    Vomiting

71 (40)

5 (3)

    Diarrhea

65 (37)

6 (3)

    Constipation

51 (29)

1 (<1)

    Stomatitis

27 (15)

1 (<1)

    Abdominal pain

22 (13)

2 (1)

    Dyspepsia

20 (11)

0

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease

18 (10)

0

    Dry mouth

15 (9)

1 (<1)

    Abdominal pain upper

8 (5)

0

    Abdominal distension

8 (5)

0

General disorders and administration
site conditions

    Fatigue

101 (57)

19 (11)

    Pyrexia

59 (34)

3 (2)

    Chills

24 (14)

0

    Edema peripheral

23 (13)

1 (<1)

    Asthenia

19 (11)

4 (2)

    Chest pain

11 (6)

1 (<1)

    Infusion site pain

11 (6)

0

    Pain

10 (6)

0

    Catheter site pain

8 (5)

0

Infections and infestations

    Herpes zoster

18 (10)

5 (3)

    Upper respiratory tract infection

18 (10)

0

    Urinary tract infection

17 (10)

4 (2)

    Sinusitis

15 (9)

0

    Pneumonia

14 (8)

9 (5)

    Febrile neutropenia

11 (6)

11 (6)

    Oral candidiasis

11 (6)

2 (1)

    Nasopharyngitis

11 (6)

0

Investigations

    Weight decreased

31 (18)

3 (2)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

    Anorexia

40 (23)

3 (2)

    Dehydration

24 (14)

8 (5)

    Decreased appetite

22 (13)

1 (<1)

    Hypokalemia

15 (9)

9 (5)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue
disorders

    Back pain

25 (14)

5 (3)

    Arthralgia

11 (6)

0

    Pain in extremity

8 (5)

2 (1)

    Bone pain

8 (5)

0

Nervous system disorders

    Headache

36 (21)

0

    Dizziness

25 (14)

0

    Dysgeusia

13 (7)

0

Psychiatric disorders

    Insomnia

23 (13)

0

    Anxiety

14 (8)

1 (<1)

    Depression

10 (6)

0

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal
disorders

    Cough

38 (22)

1 (<1)

    Dyspnea

28 (16)

3 (2)

    Pharyngolaryngeal pain

14 (8)

1 (<1)

    Wheezing

8 (5)

0

    Nasal congestion

8 (5)

0

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

    Rash

28 (16)

1 (<1)

    Pruritus

11 (6)

0

    Dry skin

9 (5)

0

    Night sweats

9 (5)

0

    Hyperhidrosis

8 (5)

0

Vascular disorders

    Hypotension

10 (6)

2 (1)

*Patients may have reported more than 1 adverse reaction.
NOTE: Patients counted only once in each adverse reaction category and once in each body system category.

Hematologic toxicities, based on laboratory values and CTC grade, in NHL patients treated in both single arm studies combined are described in Table 4.  Clinically important chemistry laboratory values that were new or worsened from baseline and occurred in >1% of patients at Grade 3 or 4,  in NHL patients treated in both single arm studies combined were hyperglycemia (3%), elevated creatinine (2%), hyponatremia (2%), and hypocalcemia (2%).

Table 4:  Incidence of Hematology Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients Who Received TREANDA in the NHL Studies

Percent of patients

Hematology variable

All Grades

Grade 3/4

Lymphocytes 
Decreased

99

94

Leukocytes
Decreased

94

56

Hemoglobin 
Decreased

88

11

Neutrophils
Decreased

86

60

Platelets
Decreased

86

25

In both studies, serious adverse reactions, regardless of causality, were reported in 37% of patients receiving TREANDA.  The most common serious adverse reactions occurring in ≥5% of patients were febrile neutropenia and pneumonia.  Other important serious adverse reactions reported in clinical trials and/or postmarketing experience were acute renal failure, cardiac failure, hypersensitivity, skin reactions, pulmonary fibrosis, and myelodysplastic syndrome.

Serious drug-related adverse reactions reported in clinical trials included myelosuppression, infection, pneumonia, tumor lysis syndrome and infusion reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5)]. Adverse reactions occurring less frequently but possibly related to TREANDA treatment were hemolysis, dysgeusia/taste disorder, atypical pneumonia, sepsis, herpes zoster, erythema, dermatitis, and skin necrosis. 

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of TREANDA.  Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and lymphatic systems disorders: Pancytopenia

Cardiovascular disorders: Atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure (some fatal), myocardial infarction (some fatal), palpitation

General disorders and administration site conditions: Injection site reactions (including phlebitis, pruritus, irritation, pain, swelling), infusion site reactions (including phlebitis, pruritus, irritation, pain, swelling)

Immune system disorders: Anaphylaxis

Infections and infestations: Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Pneumonitis

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Toxic epidermal necrolysis, DRESS (Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms). [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Effect of Other Drugs on TREANDA

CYP1A2 Inhibitors

The coadministration of TREANDA with CYP1A2 inhibitors may increase bendamustine plasma concentrations and may result in increased incidence of adverse reactions with TREANDA [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Consider alternative therapies that are not CYP1A2 inhibitors during treatment with TREANDA.

CYP1A2 Inducers

The coadministration of TREANDA with CYP1A2 inducers may decrease bendamustine plasma concentrations and may result in decreased efficacy of TREANDA [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].  Consider alternative therapies that are not CYP1A2 inducers during treatment with TREANDA.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

In animal reproduction studies, intraperitoneal administration of bendamustine to pregnant mice and rats during organogenesis at doses 0.6 to 1.8 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) resulted in embryo-fetal and/or infant mortality, structural abnormalities, and alterations to growth (see Data). There are no available data on bendamustine hydrochloride use in pregnant women to evaluate for a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Data

Animal data

Bendamustine hydrochloride was intraperitoneally administered once to mice from 210 mg/m2 (approximately 1.8 times the MRHD) during organogenesis and caused an increase in resorptions, skeletal and visceral malformations (exencephaly, cleft palates, accessory rib, and spinal deformities), and decreased fetal body weights. This dose did not appear to be maternally toxic and lower doses were not evaluated. Repeat intraperitoneal administration of bendamustine hydrochloride to mice on gestation days 7-11 resulted in an increase in resorptions from 75 mg/m2 (approximately 0.6 times the MRHD) and an increase in abnormalities from 112.5 mg/m2 (approximately 0.9 times the MRHD), similar to those seen after a single intraperitoneal administration. 

Bendamustine hydrochloride was intraperitoneally administered once to rats from 120 mg/m2 (approximately the MRHD) on gestation days 4, 7, 9, 11, or 13 and caused embryo and fetal lethality as indicated by increased resorptions and a decrease in live fetuses. A significant increase in external (effect on tail, head, and herniation of external organs [exomphalos]) and internal (hydronephrosis and hydrocephalus) malformations were seen in dosed rats.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of bendamustine hydrochloride or its metabolites in either human or animal milk, the effects on the breastfed child, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed child, advise patients that breastfeeding is not recommended during treatment with TREANDA, and for at least 1 week after the last dose.

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

TREANDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Pregnancy Testing

Pregnancy testing is recommended for females of reproductive potential prior to initiation of treatment with TREANDA.

Contraception

Females

TREANDA can cause embryo-fetal harm when administered to pregnant women [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 6 months after the final dose.

Males

Based on genotoxicity findings, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 3 months after the final dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Infertility

Males

Based on findings from clinical studies, TREANDA may impair male fertility. Impaired spermatogenesis, azoospermia, and total germinal aplasia have been reported in male patients treated with alkylating agents, especially in combination with other drugs. In some instances spermatogenesis may return in patients in remission, but this may occur only several years after intensive chemotherapy has been discontinued. Patients should be warned of the potential risk to their reproductive capacities.

Based on findings from animal studies, TREANDA may impair male fertility due to an increase in morphologically abnormal spermatozoa. The long-term effects of TREANDA on male fertility, including the reversibility of adverse effects, have not been studied [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.  

Safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy were assessed in a single open-label trial (NCT01088984) in patients aged 1-19 years with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia, including 27 patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and 16 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). TREANDA was administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes on Days 1 and 2 of each 21-day cycle. There was no treatment response (CR+ CRp) in any patient in the Phase 2 portion of the trial at a dose of 120 mg/m2. However, 2 patients with ALL achieved CR at a dose of 90 mg/m2 in the Phase 1 portion of the study.  The safety profile in these patients was consistent with that seen in adults, and no new safety signals were identified.

The pharmacokinetics of bendamustine in 43 patients, aged 1 to 19 years (median age of 10 years) were within range of values previously observed in adults given the same dose based on body surface area.

8.5 Geriatric Use

No overall differences in safety were observed between patients ≥65 years of age and younger patients. Efficacy was lower in patients 65 and over with CLL receiving TREANDA based upon an overall response rate of 47% for patients 65 and over and 70% for younger patients. Progression free survival was also longer in younger patients with CLL receiving TREANDA (19 months vs. 12 months). No overall differences in efficacy in patients with non-Hodgkin Lymphoma were observed between geriatric patients and younger patients.  

8.6  Renal Impairment

Do not use TREANDA in patients with creatinine clearance (CLcr) < 30 mL/min.  [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]

8.7  Hepatic Impairment

Do not use TREANDA in patients with AST or ALT 2.5-10 × upper limit of normal (ULN) and total bilirubin 1.5-3 × ULN, or total bilirubin > 3 × ULN (see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]

10 OVERDOSAGE

The intravenous LD50 of bendamustine HCl is 240 mg/m2 in the mouse and rat.  Toxicities included sedation, tremor, ataxia, convulsions and respiratory distress. 

Across all clinical experience, the reported maximum single dose received was 280 mg/m2. Three of four patients treated at this dose showed ECG changes considered dose-limiting at 7 and 21 days post-dosing. These changes included QT prolongation (one patient), sinus tachycardia (one patient), ST and T wave deviations (two patients) and left anterior fascicular block (one patient). Cardiac enzymes and ejection fractions remained normal in all patients.

No specific antidote for TREANDA overdose is known. Management of overdosage should include general supportive measures, including monitoring of hematologic parameters and ECGs.

11 DESCRIPTION

TREANDA (bendamustine hydrochloride) is an alkylating agent. The chemical name of bendamustine hydrochloride is 1H-benzimidazole-2-butanoic acid, 5-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]-1 methyl-, monohydrochloride. Its empirical molecular formula is C16H21Cl2N3O2  HCl, and the molecular weight is 394.7. Bendamustine hydrochloride contains a mechlorethamine group and a benzimidazole heterocyclic ring with a butyric acid substituent, and has the following structural formula: 

Structural Formula

TREANDA Injection (45 mg/0.5 mL or 180 mg/2 mL solution)

TREANDA (bendamustine HCl) Injection for intravenous use is supplied as a sterile clear colorless to yellow solution in a single-dose vialEach 0.5 mL vial contains 45 mg of bendamustine hydrochloride, 162 mg of Propylene Glycol, USP and 293 mg of N,N-Dimethylacetamide, EP. Each 2 mL vial contains 180 mg of bendamustine hydrochloride, 648 mg of Propylene Glycol, USP and 1172 mg of N,N-Dimethylacetamide, EP. An overfill of 0.2 mL is included in each vial.

TREANDA for Injection (25 mg/vial or 100 mg/vial lyophilized powder)

TREANDA (bendamustine HCl) for Injection for intravenous use  is supplied as a sterile non-pyrogenic white to off-white lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial. Each 25-mg vial contains 25 mg of bendamustine hydrochloride and 42.5 mg of mannitol, USP. Each 100-mg vial contains 100 mg of bendamustine hydrochloride and 170 mg of mannitol, USP.  The pH of the reconstituted solution is 2.5 - 3.5.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Bendamustine is a bifunctional mechlorethamine derivative containing a purine-like benzimidazole ring. Mechlorethamine and its derivatives form electrophilic alkyl groups.  These groups form covalent bonds with electron-rich nucleophilic moieties, resulting in interstrand DNA crosslinks. The bifunctional covalent linkage can lead to cell death via several pathways. Bendamustine is active against both quiescent and dividing cells. The exact mechanism of action of bendamustine remains unknown.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Based on the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics analyses of data from adult NHL patients, nausea increased with increasing bendamustine Cmax.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

The effect of bendamustine on the QTc interval was evaluated in 53 patients with indolent NHL and mantle cell lymphoma on Day 1 of Cycle 1 after administration of rituximab at 375 mg/m2 intravenous infusion followed by a 30-minute intravenous infusion of bendamustine at 90 mg/m2/day. No mean changes greater than 20 milliseconds were detected up to one hour post-infusion. The potential for delayed effects on the QT interval after one hour was not evaluated.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Following a single IV dose of bendamustine hydrochloride Cmax typically occurred at the end of infusion. The dose proportionality of bendamustine has not been studied.

Distribution

The protein binding of bendamustine ranged from 94-96% and was concentration independent from 1-50 µg/mL. The blood to plasma concentration ratios in human blood ranged from 0.84 to 0.86 over a concentration range of 10 to 100 µg/mL.

The mean steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) of bendamustine was approximately 20-25 L.

Elimination

After a single intravenous dose of 120 mg/m2 of bendamustine over 1 hour, the intermediate half-life (t½) of the parent compound is approximately 40 minutes. The mean terminal elimination t½ of two active metabolites, γ-hydroxybendamustine (M3) and N desmethylbendamustine (M4) are approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes, respectively. Bendamustine clearance in humans is approximately 700 mL/min.

Metabolism

Bendamustine is extensively metabolized via hydrolytic, oxidative, and conjugative pathways. Bendamustine is primarily metabolized via hydrolysis to monohydroxy (HP1) and dihydroxy-bendamustine (HP2) metabolites with low cytotoxic activity in vitro. Two active minor metabolites, M3 and M4, are primarily formed via CYP1A2 in vitro. M3 and M4 concentrations in plasma are 1/10th and 1/100th that of the parent compound, respectively.

Excretion

Following IV infusion of radiolabeled bendamustine hydrochloride in cancer patients, approximately 76% of the dose was recovered. Approximately 50% of the dose was recovered in the urine (3.3% unchanged) and approximately 25% of the dose was recovered in the feces. Less than 1% of the dose was recovered in the urine as M3 and M4, and less than 5% of the dose was recovered in the urine as HP2.

Specific Populations

No clinically meaningful effects on the pharmacokinetics of bendamustine were observed based on age (31 to 84 years), sex, mild to moderate renal impairment (CLcr ≥ 30 mL/min), or hepatic impairment with total bilirubin 1.5 < ULN and AST or ALT < 2.5 × ULN. The effects of severe renal impairment (CLcr < 30 mL/min), or hepatic impairment with total bilirubin 1.5-3 × ULN and AST or ALT 2.5-10 × ULN or total bilirubin > 3 × ULN on the pharmacokinetics of bendamustine is unknown.

Race/Ethnicity
Exposures in Japanese subjects (n=6) were 40% higher than that in non-Japanese subjects receiving the same dose. The clinical importance of this difference on the safety and efficacy of bendamustine hydrochloride in Japanese subjects has not been established.

Drug Interaction Studies

In Vitro Studies

Effect of Bendamustine on CYP Substrates

Bendamustine did not inhibit CYP1A2, 2C9/10, 2D6, 2E1, or 3A4/5. Bendamustine did not induce metabolism of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2E1, or CYP3A4/5.

Effect of Transporters on Bendamustine Hydrochloride

Bendamustine is a substrate of P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP).

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Bendamustine was carcinogenic in mice. After intraperitoneal injections at 37.5 mg/m2/day (the lowest dose tested, approximately 0.3 times the maximum recommended human dose [MRHD])) and 75 mg/m2/day (approximately 0.6 times the MRHD) for 4 days, peritoneal sarcomas in female AB/Jena mice were produced.  Oral administration at 187.5 mg/m2/day (the only dose tested, approximately 1.6 times the MRHD) for 4 days induced mammary carcinomas and pulmonary adenomas.

Bendamustine is a mutagen and clastogen. In a bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames assay), bendamustine was shown to increase revertant frequency in the absence and presence of metabolic activation. Bendamustine was clastogenic in human lymphocytes in vitro, and in rat bone marrow cells in vivo (increase in micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes) from 37.5 mg/m2 (the lowest dose tested, approximately 0.3 times the MRHD). 

Bendamustine induced morphologic abnormalities in spermatozoa in mice. Following tail vein injection of bendamustine at 120 mg/m2 or a saline control on days 1 and 2 for a total of 3 weeks, the number of spermatozoa with morphologic abnormalities was 16% higher in the bendamustine-treated group as compared to the saline control group.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

The safety and efficacy of TREANDA were evaluated in an open-label, randomized, controlled multicenter trial comparing TREANDA to chlorambucil.  The trial was conducted in 301 previously-untreated patients with Binet Stage B or C (Rai Stages I - IV) CLL requiring treatment.  Need-to-treat criteria included hematopoietic insufficiency, B-symptoms, rapidly progressive disease or risk of complications from bulky lymphadenopathy. Patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia or autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Richter’s syndrome, or transformation to prolymphocytic leukemia were excluded from the study.

The patient populations in the TREANDA and chlorambucil treatment groups were balanced with regard to the following baseline characteristics: age (median 63 vs. 66 years), gender (63% vs. 61% male), Binet stage (71% vs. 69% Binet B), lymphadenopathy (79% vs. 82%), enlarged spleen (76% vs. 80%), enlarged liver (48% vs. 46%), hypercellular bone marrow (79% vs. 73%), “B” symptoms (51% vs. 53%), lymphocyte count (mean 65.7x109/L vs. 65.1x109/L), and serum lactate dehydrogenase concentration (mean 370.2 vs. 388.4 U/L).  Ninety percent of patients in both treatment groups had immuno-phenotypic confirmation of CLL (CD5, CD23 and either CD19 or CD20 or both).

Patients were randomly assigned to receive either TREANDA at 100 mg/m2, administered intravenously over a period of 30 minutes on Days 1 and 2 or chlorambucil at 0.8 mg/kg (Broca’s normal weight) administered orally on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle.  Efficacy endpoints of objective response rate and progression-free survival were calculated using a pre-specified algorithm based on NCI working group criteria for CLL. 

The results of this open-label randomized study demonstrated a higher rate of overall response and a longer progression-free survival for TREANDA compared to chlorambucil (see Table 5). Survival data are not mature.

Table 5: Efficacy Data for CLL

TREANDA

(N=153)

Chlorambucil

(N=148)

p-value

Response Rate n (%)

  Overall response rate

90 (59)

38 (26)

<0.0001

  (95% CI)

(51.0, 66.6)

(18.6, 32.7)

  Complete response (CR)*

13 (8)

1 (<1)

  Nodular partial response (nPR)**

4 (3)

0

  Partial response (PR)

73 (48)

37 (25)

Progression-Free Survival††

  Median, months (95% CI)

18 (11.7, 23.5)

6 (5.6, 8.6)

  Hazard ratio (95% CI)

0.27 (0.17, 0.43)

<0.0001

CI = confidence interval

* CR was defined as peripheral lymphocyte count ≤ 4.0 x 109/L, neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, platelets >100 x 109/L, hemoglobin > 110g/L, without transfusions, absence of palpable hepatosplenomegaly, lymph nodes ≤ 1.5 cm, < 30% lymphocytes without nodularity in at least a normocellular bone marrow and absence of “B” symptoms. The clinical and laboratory criteria were required to be maintained for a period of at least 56 days.

** nPR was defined as described for CR with the exception that the bone marrow biopsy shows persistent nodules.

PR was defined as ≥ 50% decrease in peripheral lymphocyte count from the pretreatment baseline value, and either ≥50% reduction in lymphadenopathy, or ≥50% reduction in the size of spleen or liver, as well as one of the following hematologic improvements: neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 109/L or 50% improvement over baseline, platelets >100 x 109/L or 50% improvement over baseline, hemoglobin >110g/L or 50% improvement over baseline without transfusions, for a period of at least 56 days.

†† PFS was defined as time from randomization to progression or death from any cause.

Kaplan-Meier estimates of progression-free survival comparing TREANDA with chlorambucil are shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Progression-Free Survival

14.2 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

The efficacy of TREANDA was evaluated in a single arm study of 100 patients with indolent B-cell NHL that had progressed during or within six months of treatment with rituximab or a rituximab-containing regimen.  Patients were included if they relapsed within 6 months of either the first dose (monotherapy) or last dose (maintenance regimen or combination therapy) of rituximab. All patients received TREANDA intravenously at a dose of 120 mg/m2, on Days 1 and 2 of a 21-day treatment cycle.  Patients were treated for up to 8 cycles.  

The median age was 60 years, 65% were male, and 95% had a baseline WHO performance status of 0 or 1. Major tumor subtypes were follicular lymphoma (62%), diffuse small lymphocytic lymphoma (21%), and marginal zone lymphoma (16%).  Ninety-nine percent of patients had received previous chemotherapy, 91% of patients had received previous alkylator therapy, and 97% of patients had relapsed within 6 months of either the first dose (monotherapy) or last dose (maintenance regimen or combination therapy) of rituximab. 

Efficacy was based on the assessments by a blinded independent review committee (IRC) and included overall response rate (complete response + complete response unconfirmed + partial response) and duration of response (DR) as summarized in Table 6.

 Table 6: Efficacy Data for NHL*

TREANDA
(N=100)

Response Rate (%)

 

Overall response rate (CR+CRu+PR)

74

(95% CI)

(64.3, 82.3)

Complete response (CR)

13

Complete response unconfirmed (CRu)

4

Partial response (PR) 

57

Duration of Response (DR)

 Median, months (95% CI)

9.2 months
(7.1, 10.8) 

CI = confidence interval
*IRC assessment was based on modified International Working Group response criteria (IWG-RC).  Modifications to IWG-RC specified that a persistently positive bone marrow in patients who met all other criteria for CR would be scored as PR.  Bone marrow sample lengths were not required to be ≥20 mm.

15 REFERENCES

  1. OSHA Hazardous Drugs. OSHA. [Accessed on July 21, 2015, from http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardousdrugs/index.html]

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1  Safe Handling and Disposal

TREANDA (bendamustine hydrochloride) is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures1. Care should be exercised in the handling and preparation of solutions prepared from TREANDA Injection and TREANDA for Injection. The use of gloves and safety glasses is recommended to avoid exposure in case of breakage of the vial or other accidental spillage. If gloves come in contact with TREANDA Injection prior to dilution, remove gloves and follow disposal procedures1. If a solution of TREANDA (bendamustine hydrochloride) contacts the skin, wash the skin immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. If TREANDA (bendamustine hydrochloride) contacts the mucous membranes, flush thoroughly with water.

16.2  How Supplied

TREANDA (bendamustine hydrochloride) Injection is supplied as a 90 mg/mL clear colorless to yellow solution in individual cartons as follows:

  • NDC 63459-395-02: 45 mg/0.5 mL of solution in an amber single-dose vial
  • NDC 63459-396-02: 180 mg/2 mL of solution in an amber single-dose vial

TREANDA (bendamustine hydrochloride) for Injection is supplied in individual cartons as follows:

  • NDC 63459-390-08: 25 mg white to off-white lyophilized powder in a 8 mL amber single-dose vial
  • NDC 63459-391-20: 100 mg white to off-white lyophilized powder in a 20 mL amber single-dose vial

16.3  Storage

TREANDA Injection (45 mg/0.5 mL or 180 mg/2 mL solution)

Store TREANDA Injection in refrigerator 2° to8°C (36° to46°F).  Retain in original package until time of use to protect from light.

TREANDA for Injection (25 mg/vial or 100 mg/vial lyophilized powder)

TREANDA for Injection may be stored up to 25°C (77°F) with excursions permitted up to 30°C (86°F) (see USP Controlled Room Temperature). Retain in original package until time of use to protect from light.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Allergic (Hypersensitivity) Reactions

Inform patients of the possibility of mild or serious allergic reactions and to immediately report rash, facial swelling, or difficulty breathing during or soon after infusion [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Myelosuppression

Inform patients of the likelihood that TREANDA will cause a decrease in white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells, and the need for frequent monitoring of blood counts. Advise patients to report shortness of breath, significant fatigue, bleeding, fever, or other signs of infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Hepatotoxicity

Inform patients of the possibility of developing liver function abnormalities and serious hepatic toxicity. Advise patients to immediately contact their health care provider if signs of liver failure occur, including jaundice, anorexia, bleeding or bruising [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

Fatigue

Advise patients that TREANDA may cause tiredness and to avoid driving any vehicle or operating any dangerous tools or machinery if they experience this side effect [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Nausea and Vomiting

Advise patients that TREANDA may cause nausea and/or vomiting. Patients should report nausea and vomiting so that symptomatic treatment may be provided [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Diarrhea

Advise patients that TREANDA may cause diarrhea. Patients should report diarrhea to the physician so that symptomatic treatment may be provided [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Rash

Advise patients that a rash or itching may occur during treatment with TREANDA. Advise patients to immediately report severe or worsening rash or itching [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3), and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 6 months after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)]. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 3 months after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3), and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Lactation

Advise females not to breastfeed during treatment with TREANDA and for at least 1 week after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

Infertility

Advise males of reproductive potential that TREANDA may impair fertility [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

Distributed By:
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.
North Wales, PA 19454

TREANDA is a trademark of Cephalon, Inc. or its affiliates. 

©2008-2019 Cephalon, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd. or its affiliates.

United States Patent Nos. 8436190, 8445524, 8609863, 8669279, 8791270, 8883836, 8895756, 9533955.

All rights reserved.

TRE-016

Package/Label Display Panel

 

 25 mg carton

 

Treanda® (bendamustine HCl) for Injection 25 mg/Single Use Vial

NDC 63459-390-08

Rx only

Sterile Single-Use Vial

Discard unused portion

TREANDA®

(bendamustine HCl)

for Injection

25 mg/vial

For Intravenous Infusion Only

Reconstitution and Dilution

Required (see insert)

Retain in carton until time of use

 

 

Package/Label Display Panel

100 mg carton

Treanda® (bendamustine HCl) for Injection 100 mg/Single Use Vial, Carton Text

NDC 63459-391-20

Rx only

Sterile Single-Use Vial

Discard unused portion

TREANDA®

(bendamustine HCl)

for Injection

100 mg/vial

For Intravenous Infusion Only

Reconstitution and Dilution

Required (see insert)

Retain in carton until time of use

Package/Label Display Panel

Packaging

Treanda® (bendamustine HCl) Injection 45 mg/0.5 mL Single-Dose Vial, Carton Text

Do NOT use with devices that contain polycarbonate or acrylonitrile butadiene-styrene (ABS).

NDC 63459-395-02 Rx only

Sterile Refrigerate

Treanda® (bendamustine HCl) Injection 45 mg/0.5 mL

For Intravenous Infusion Only

Further dilution is required (see insert).

Single-Dose Vial

Discard Unused Portion

Retain in carton until time of use.

Package/Label Display Panel

Packaging

Treanda® (bendamustine HCl) Injection 180 mg/2 mL Single-Dose Vial, Carton Text

Do NOT use with devices that contain polycarbonate or acrylonitrile butadiene-styrene (ABS).

NDC 63459-396-02 Rx only

Sterile Refrigerate

Treanda® (bendamustine HCl) Injection 180 mg/2 mL (90 mg/mL)

For Intravenous Infusion Only

Further dilution is required (see insert).

Single-Dose Vial

Discard Unused Portion

Retain in carton until time of use.

TREANDA 
bendamustine hydrochloride injection, solution, concentrate
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:63459-395
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE (UNII: 981Y8SX18M) (BENDAMUSTINE - UNII:9266D9P3PQ) BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE45 mg  in 0.5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)  
N,N-DIMETHYLACETAMIDE (UNII: JCV5VDB3HY)  
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:63459-395-021 in 1 CARTON11/05/201404/30/2017
10.5 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02224911/05/201404/30/2017
TREANDA 
bendamustine hydrochloride injection, solution, concentrate
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:63459-396
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE (UNII: 981Y8SX18M) (BENDAMUSTINE - UNII:9266D9P3PQ) BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE180 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)  
N,N-DIMETHYLACETAMIDE (UNII: JCV5VDB3HY)  
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:63459-396-021 in 1 CARTON11/05/201405/31/2017
12 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02224911/05/201405/31/2017
TREANDA 
bendamustine hydrochloride injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:63459-390
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE (UNII: 981Y8SX18M) (BENDAMUSTINE - UNII:9266D9P3PQ) BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE25 mg  in 5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)  
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:63459-390-081 in 1 CARTON01/05/2010
15 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02224901/05/2010
TREANDA 
bendamustine hydrochloride injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:63459-391
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE (UNII: 981Y8SX18M) (BENDAMUSTINE - UNII:9266D9P3PQ) BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE100 mg  in 20 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)  
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:63459-391-201 in 1 CARTON03/31/2008
120 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02224903/31/2008
Labeler - Cephalon, Inc. (183236314)

Revised: 5/2020
Document Id: c040d6a5-b836-4389-9d95-1287855319c7
Set id: 39d53698-57fa-7c99-fc5b-f52a55684826
Version: 24
Effective Time: 20200527
 
Cephalon, Inc.