METHOCARBAMOL- methocarbamol tablet, coated 
Westminster Pharmaceuticals, LLC

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Methocarbamol Tablets USP

DESCRIPTION

Methocarbamol Tablets USP, 500 mg and 750 mg, a carbamate derivative of gualfenesin, is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant with sedative and musculoskeletal relaxant properties.

The chemical name of methocarbamol is a 3-(2 methoxyphenoxy)-1,2-propanediol 1-carbamate and has the empirical formula C11H15NO5. Its molecular weight is 241.24. The structural formula is shown below.

methocarbamol structure

Methocarbamol is a white powder, sparingly soluble in water and chloroform, soluble in alcohol (only with heating) and propylene glycol, and insoluble in benzene and n-hexane.

Methocarbamol Tablet, 500 mg is available as an orange, film coated, round concave tablet containing 500 mg of methocarbamol, USP for oral administration. The inactive ingredients present are microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, FD&C Yellow 6 aluminum lake, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, triacetin, titanium dioxide.

Methocarbamol Tablet, 750 mg is available as a yellow, film coated, modified capsule shaped tablet containing 750 mg of methocarbamol, USP for oral administration. The inactive ingredients present are microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, iron oxide yellow, iron oxide red, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, triacetin, titanium dioxide.

Clinical Pharmacology

The mechanism of action of methocarbamol in humans has not been established, but may be due to general CNS depression. It has no direct action on the contractile mechanism of striated muscle, the motor end plate or the nerve fiber.

Pharmacokinetics

In healthy volunteers, the plasma clearance of methocarbamol ranges between 0.20 and 0.80 L/h/kg, the mean plasma elimination half-life ranges between 1 and 2 hours, and the plasma protein binding ranges between 46% and 50%.

Methocarbamol is metabolized via dealkylation and hydroxylation. Conjugation of methocarbamol also is likely. Essentially all methocarbamol metabolites are eliminated in the urine. Small amounts of unchanged methocarbamol also are excreted in the urine.

Special populations

Elderly

The mean (± SD) elimination half-life of methocarbamol in elderly healthy volunteers (mean (± SD) age, 69 (± 4) years) was slightly prolonged compared to a younger (mean (± SD) age, 53.3 (± 8.8) years), healthy population (1.5 (± 0.4) hours versus 1.1 (± 0.27) hours, respectively). The fraction of bound methocarbamol was slightly decreased in the elderly versus younger volunteers (41% to 43% versus 46% to 50%, respectively).

Preclinical studies (in male rats) show that alendronate transiently distributes to soft tissues following 1 mg/kg IV administration but is then rapidly redistributed to bone or excreted in the urine. The mean steady-state volume of distribution, exclusive of bone, is at least 28 L in humans. Concentrations of drug in plasma following therapeutic oral doses are too low (less than 5 ng/mL) for analytical detection. Protein binding in human plasma is approximately 78%.

Renally impaired

The clearance of methocarbamol in 8 renally-impaired patients on maintenance hemodialysis was reduced about 40% compared to 17 normal subjects, although the mean (± SD) elimination half-life in these two groups was similar: 1.2 (± 0.6) versus 1.1 (± 0.3) hours, respectively.

Hepatically impaired

In 8 patients with cirrhosis secondary to alcohol abuse, the mean total clearance of methocarbamol was reduced approximately 70% compared to that obtained in 8 age- and weight-matched normal subjects. The mean (± SD) elimination half-life in the cirrhotic patients and the normal subjects was 3.38 (± 1.62) hours and 1.11 (± 0.27) hours, respectively. The percent of methocarbamol bound to plasma proteins was decreased to approximately 40% to 45% compared to 46% to 50% in the normal subjects.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Methocarbamol is indicated as an adjunct to rest, physical therapy, and other measures for the relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. The mode of action of methocarbamol has not been clearly identified, but may be related to its sedative properties. Methocarbamol does not directly relax tense skeletal muscles in man.

CONTRAINDICATIONS​

Methocarbamol is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to methocarbamol or to any of the tablet components.

WARNINGS

Since methocarbamol may possess a general CNS depressant effect, patients receiving methocarbamol tablets should be cautioned about combined effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants.

Safe use of methocarbamol has not been established with regard to possible adverse effects upon fetal development. There have been reports of fetal and congenital abnormalities following in utero exposure to methocarbamol. Therefore, methocarbamol tablets should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant and particularly during early pregnancy unless in the judgment of the physician the potential benefits outweigh the possible hazards (see PRECAUTIONS, Pregnancy).

Use in Activities Requiring Mental Alertness

Methocarbamol may impair mental and/or physical abilities required for performance of hazardous tasks, such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle. Patients should be cautioned about operating machinery, including automobiles, until they are reasonably certain that methocarbamol therapy does not adversely affect their ability to engage in such activities.

PRECAUTIONS

Information for Patients

Patients should be cautioned that methocarbamol may cause drowsiness or dizziness, which may impair their ability to operate motor vehicles or machinery. Because methocarbamol may possess a general CNS-depressant effect, patients should be cautioned about combined effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants.

Drug Interactions

See WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS for interaction with CNS drugs and alcohol.

Methocarbamol may inhibit the effect of pyridostigmine bromide. Therefore, methocarbamol should be used with caution in patients with myasthenia gravis receiving anticholinesterase agents.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

Methocarbamol may cause a color interference in certain screening tests for 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) using nitrosonaphthol reagent and in screening tests for urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) using the Gitlow method.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of methocarbamol have not been performed. No studies have been conducted to assess the effect of methocarbamol on mutagenesis or its potential to impair fertility.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects 

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with methocarbamol. It is also not known whether methocarbamol can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Methocarbamol should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Safe use of methocarbamol has not been established with regard to possible adverse effects upon fetal development. There have been reports of fetal and congenital abnormalities following in utero exposure to methocarbamol. Therefore, methocarbamol should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant and particularly during early pregnancy unless in the judgment of the physician the potential benefits outweigh the possible hazards (see WARNINGS).

Nursing Mothers

Methocarbamol and/or its metabolites are excreted in the milk of dogs; however, it is not known whether methocarbamol or its metabolites are excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when methocarbamol is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of methocarbamol in pediatric patients below the age of 16 have not been established.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Adverse reactions reported coincident with the administration of methocarbamol include:

Body as a whole: Anaphylactic reaction, angioneurotic edema, fever, headache

Cardiovascular system: Bradycardia, flushing, hypotension, syncope, thrombophlebitis

Digestive system: Dyspepsia, jaundice (including cholestatic jaundice), nausea and vomiting

Hemic and lymphatic system: Leukopenia

Immune system: Hypersensitivity reactions

Nervous system: Amnesia, confusion, diplopia, dizziness or lightheadedness, drowsiness, insomnia, mild muscular incoordination, nystagmus, sedation, seizures (including grand mal), vertigo

Skin and special senses: Blurred vision, conjunctivitis, nasal congestion, metallic taste, pruritus, rash, urticaria

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Westminster Pharmaceuticals, LLC at 1-844-221-7294 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

OVERDOSAGE

Limited information is available on the acute toxicity of methocarbamol. Overdose of methocarbamol is frequently in conjunction with alcohol or other CNS depressants and includes the following symptoms: nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, hypotension, seizures, and coma.

In post-marketing experience, deaths have been reported with an overdose of methocarbamol alone or in the presence of other CNS depressants, alcohol or psychotropic drugs.

Treatment

Management of overdose includes symptomatic and supportive treatment. Supportive measures include maintenance of an adequate airway, monitoring urinary output and vital signs, and administration of intravenous fluids if necessary. The usefulness of hemodialysis in managing overdose is unknown.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Methocarbamol, 500 mg — Adults:
Initial dosage: 3 tablets q.i.d.
Maintenance dosage: 2 tablets q.i.d.

Methocarbamol, 750 mg — Adults:
Initial dosage: 2 tablets q.i.d.
Maintenance dosage: 1 tablet q.4h. or 2 tablets t.i.d.

Six grams a day are recommended for the first 48 to 72 hours of treatment. (For severe conditions 8 grams a day may be administered). Thereafter, the dosage can usually be reduced to approximately 4 grams a day.

HOW SUPPLIED

Methocarbamol Tablets USP, 500 mg — Orange, film coated, round concave tablets with one side debossed 'AP212', the other side bisected. They
are supplied as follows:

Bottles of 100, NDC 69367-255-01
Bottles of 500, NDC 69367-255-05

Methocarbamol Tablets USP, 750 mg — Yellow, film coated, modified capsule shaped tablets; one side debossed 'AP211' and other side blank. They are supplied as follows:

Bottles of 100, NDC 69367-256-01
Bottles of 500, NDC 69367-256-05

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP controlled room temperature].

Dispense in a tight container.

LBL378
REV062220

Revised: June, 2020

Manufactured by:
Hangzhou Minsheng Binjiang
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Hangzhou, 310051, China

Distributed by:
Westminster Pharmaceuticals, LLC
Nashville, TN 37217

Principal Display Panel - 500mg 100 counts

NDC: 69367-255-01

Methocarbamol
500mg 100 tablet (s)

RX only

westminster 500mg 100ct label

Principal Display Panel - 500mg 500counts

NDC: 69367-255-05

Methocarbamol
500mg 500 tablet (s)

RX only

westminster 500mg 500ct label

Principal Display Panel - 750mg 100counts

NDC: 69367-256-01

Methocarbamol
750mg 100 tablet (s)

RX only

westminster 750mg 100ct label

Principal Display Panel - 750mg 500counts

NDC: 69367-256-05

Methocarbamol
750mg 500tablet (s)

RX only

westminster 750mg 500ct label

METHOCARBAMOL 
methocarbamol tablet, coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:69367-256
Route of AdministrationORAL
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
METHOCARBAMOL (UNII: 125OD7737X) (METHOCARBAMOL - UNII:125OD7737X) METHOCARBAMOL750 mg
Product Characteristics
ColoryellowScoreno score
ShapeROUNDSize19mm
FlavorImprint Code AP211
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:69367-256-01100 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product07/20/2020
2NDC:69367-256-05500 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product07/20/2020
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
ANDAANDA20095807/20/2020
METHOCARBAMOL 
methocarbamol tablet, coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:69367-255
Route of AdministrationORAL
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
METHOCARBAMOL (UNII: 125OD7737X) (METHOCARBAMOL - UNII:125OD7737X) METHOCARBAMOL500 mg
Product Characteristics
ColororangeScore2 pieces
ShapeROUNDSize13mm
FlavorImprint Code AP212
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:69367-255-01100 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product07/20/2020
2NDC:69367-255-05500 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product07/20/2020
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
ANDAANDA20095807/20/2020
Labeler - Westminster Pharmaceuticals, LLC (079516651)
Registrant - AustarPharma LLC (362785011)

Revised: 9/2020
Document Id: ae9df131-66a3-0ec7-e053-2995a90a02e4
Set id: 2199b810-fb84-4dac-b787-ade2b5f67e92
Version: 1
Effective Time: 20200905
 
Westminster Pharmaceuticals, LLC