Label: DECITABINE injection

  • NDC Code(s): 68001-347-28, 68001-347-36
  • Packager: BluePoint Laboratories
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated March 12, 2019

If you are a consumer or patient please visit this version.

  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DECITABINE FOR INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for DECITABINE FOR INJECTION.

    DECITABINE for injection, for intravenous use
    Initial U.S. Approval:[2006]

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Decitabine for injection is a nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated for treatment of adult patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) including previously treated and untreated, de novo and secondary MDS of all French-American-British subtypes (refractory anemia, refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia) and intermediate-1, intermediate-2, and high risk International Prognostic Scoring System groups. (1)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Three Day Regimen

    Administer decitabine for injection at a dose of 15 mg/m2 by continuous intravenous infusion over 3 hours repeated every 8 hours for 3 days. Repeat cycle every 6 weeks. (2.1)

      Five Day Regimen

    Administer decitabine for injection at a dose of 20 mg/m2 by continuous intravenous infusion over 1 hour repeated daily for 5 days. Repeat cycle every 4 weeks. (2.2)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    For Injection: 50 mg of decitabine as a lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial for reconstitution . (3) (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

     Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia: Perform complete blood counts and platelet counts. (5.1)
    Embryo-fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise patients of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus and to use effective contraception (5.2, 8.1, 8.3)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Most common adverse reactions (> 50%) are neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, and pyrexia. (6.1)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Cipla Ltd. at 1866-604-3268 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

    Revised: 3/2019

  • Table of Contents
  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Decitabine for injection is indicated for treatment of adult patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) including previously treated and untreated, de novo and secondary MDS of all French-American-British subtypes (refractory anemia, refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia) and intermediate-1, intermediate-2, and high-risk International Prognostic Scoring System groups.

  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Starting Dose

    Pre-Medications and Baseline Testing

    Consider pre-medicating for nausea with antiemetics.
    Conduct baseline laboratory testing: CBC with platelets, serum hepatic panel, and serum creatinine.

    Decitabine for injection Regimen Options

    Three Day Regimen

    Administer Decitabine for injection at a dose of 15 mg/m2 by continuous intravenous infusion over 3 hours repeated every 8 hours for 3 days. Repeat cycles every 6 weeks upon hematologic recovery (ANC at least 1,000/μL and platelets at least 50,000/ μL) for a minimum of 4 cycles. A complete or partial response may take longer than 4 cycles. Delay and reduce dose for hematologic toxicity (see Dose Modifications for Toxicity)

    Five Day Regimen

    Administer Decitabine for injection at a dose of 20 mg/m2 by continuous intravenous infusion over 1 hour daily for 5 days. Delay and reduce dose for hematologist toxicity (see Dose Modifications for Toxicity). Repeat cycles every 6 weeks upon hematologic recovery (ANC at least 1,000/ μL and platelets at least 50,000/ μL) for a minimum of 4 cycles. A complete or partial response may take longer than 4 cycles.

    2.2 Dose Modifications for Toxicity

    Hematologic Toxicity

    If hematologic recovery from a previous decitabine for injection treatment cycle requires more than 6 weeks, delay the next cycle of decitabine for injection therapy and reduce decitabine for injection dose temporarily by following this algorithm:

    Recovery requiring more than 6, but less than 8 weeks – delay decitabine for injection dosing for up to 2 weeks and reduce the dose temporarily to 11 mg/m2 every 8 hours (33mg/ m2/day, 99 mg/ m2/cycle) upon restarting therapy.
    Recovery requiring more than 8, but less than 10 weeks – perform bone marrow aspirate to assess for disease progression. In the absence of progression, delay the decitabine for injection dose up to 2 more weeks and reduce the dose to 11 mg/ m2 every 8 hours (33mg/ m2/day, 99 mg/ m2/cycle) upon restarting therapy, then maintain or increase dose in subsequent cycles as clinically indicated.

    Non-hematologic Toxicity

    Delay subsequent decitabine for injection treatment for any the following non-hematologic toxicities and do not restart until toxicities resolve:

    Serum creatinine greater than or equal to 2 mg/dL
    SGPT, total bilirubin greater than or equal to 2 times ULN
    Active or uncontrolled infection

    2.3 Instructions for Intravenous Administration

    Decitabine is a cytotoxic drug and caution should be exercised when handling and preparing decitabine for injection1.

    Aseptically reconstitute decitabine for injection with room temperature (20o C to 25 o C) 10 mL of sterile Water for Injection, USP. Upon reconstitution, the final concentration of the reconstituted decitabine for injection solution is 5mg/mL. You must dilute the reconstituted solution with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection or 5% Dextrose Injection prior to administration. Temperature of the diluent (0.9% sodium Chloride Injection or 5% Dextrose Injection) depends on time of administration after preparation.

    For Administration Within 15 minutes of Preparation

    If decitabine for injection is intended to be administered within 15 minutes form the time of preparation, dilute the reconstituted solution with room temperature (20o C - 25 o C) 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection or 5% Dextrose Injection to a final concentration of 0.1 mg/mL- 1mg/mL.

    For Delayed Administration

    If decitabine for injection is intended to be administered after 15 minutes of preparation, dilute the reconstituted solution with cold (2o C - 8 o C) 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection or 5% Dextrose Injection to a final concentration of 0.1 mg/mL- 1mg/mL. Store at 2o C - 8 o C for up to 4 hours. Diluted stored solution must be used within 4 hours from the time of preparation.

    Use the diluted, refrigerated solution within 4 hours from the time of preparation or discard.

    Parental drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. Do not use if there is evidence of particulate matter of discoloration.

  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    For Injection: Decitabine for injection is supplied as a sterile, white to off white lyophilized powder/cake, in a single-dose vial, packaged in cartons of 1 vial. Each vial contains 50 mg of decitabine.

  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None

  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Myelosuppression

    Fatal and serious myelosuppression occurs in decitabine for injection -treated patients.

    Myelosuppression (anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia) is the most frequent cause of decitabine for injection dose reduction, delay and discontinuation. Neutropenia of any grade occurred in 90% of decitabine for injection-treated patients with grade 3 or 4 occurring in 87% patients. Thrombocytopenia of any grade occurred in 89% patients with grade 3 or 4 occurring in 85% of patients. Grade 3 or 4 febrile neutropenia occurred in 23% patients.

    Anemia of any grade occurred in 82% patients. Perform complete blood count with platelets at baseline, prior to each cycle, and as needed to monitor response and toxicity. Manage toxicity using dose-delay, dose-reduction, growth factors, and anti-infective therapies as needed [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Myelosuppression and worsening neutropenia may occur more frequently in the first or second treatment cycles, and may not necessarily indicate progression of underlying MDS.

    5.2 Embryo-fetal Toxicity

    Decitabine for injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Based on its mechanism of action, decitabine alters DNA synthesis and is expected to result in adverse reproductive effects [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. In preclinical studies in mice and rats, decitabine was teratogenic, fetotoxic, and embryotoxic. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if a patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Advise women of childbearing potential to avoid becoming pregnant while taking decitabine for injection and for 6 months following the last dose. Advise men with female partners of childbearing potential to avoid fathering a child while receiving treatment with decitabine for injection, and for 3 months following the last dose, Counsel patients of childbearing potential to use effective contraception during this time [see Use in SpecificPopulations (8.1, 8.3)]

  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Studies Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    The safety of decitabine for injection was studied in 3 single-arms studies (N = 66, N = 98, N = 99) and 1 controlled supportive care study (N= 83 decitabine for Injection, N =81 supportive care). The data described below reflect exposure to decitabine for injection in 83 patients in the MDS trial. In the trial, patients received 15 mg/m2 intravenously every 8 hours for 3 days every 6 weeks. The median number of decitabine for injection cycles was 3 (range 0 to 9). Most Commonly Occurring Adverse Reactions: neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, fatigue, pyrexia, nausea, cough, petechiae, constipation, diarrhea, and hyperglycemia.

    Adverse Reactions Most Frequently (≥ 1%) Resulting in Clinical Intervention and or Dose Modification in the Phase 3 Trials in the Decitabine for Injection Arm:

    Discontinuation: thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, pneumonia, Mycobacterium avium complex infection, cardio-respiratory arrest, increased blood bilirubin, intracranial hemorrhage, abnormal liver function tests.
    Dose Delayed: neutropenia, pulmonary edema, atrial fibrillation, central line infection, febrile neutropenia.
    Dose Reduced: neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, lethargy, edema, tachycardia, depression, pharyngitis.

    Table 1 presents all adverse reactions occurring in at least 5% of patients in the decitabine for injection group and at a rate greater than supportive care.

    Table 1 Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 5% of Patients in the Decitabine for Injection Group and at a Rate Greater than Supportive Care in Phase 3 MDS Trial

    Decitabine for Injection
    N = 83 (%)

    Supportive Care
    N = 81 (%)

    Blood and lymphatic system disorders

          Neutropenia

      75 (90)

      58 (72)

          Thrombocytopenia

      74 (89)

      64 (79)

          Anemia NOS

      68 (82)

      60 (74)

          Febrile neutropenia

      24 (29)

      5 (6)

          Leukopenia NOS

      23 (28)

      11 (14)

          Lymphadenopathy

      10 (12)

      6 (7)

         Thrombocythemia

     4 (5)

     1 (1)

      Cardiac disorders

          Pulmonary edema NOS

     5 (6)

    0 (0)

      Eye disorders

          Vision blurred

     5 (6)

     0 (0)

      Gastrointestinal disorders

          Nausea

      35 (42)

    13 (16)

          Constipation

      29 (35)

    11 (14)

          Diarrhea NOS

      28 (34)

    13 (16)

          Vomiting NOS

      21 (25)

    7 (9)

          Abdominal pain NOS

      12 (14)

    5 (6)

          Oral mucosal petechiae

      11 (13)

    4 (5)

          Stomatitis

      10 (12)

    5 (6)

          Dyspepsia

      10 (12)

    1 (1)

          Ascites

      8 (10)

    2 (2)

          Gingival bleeding

     7 (8)

    5 (6)

          Hemorrhoids

     7 (8)

    3 (4)

          Loose stools

     6 (7)

    3 (4)

          Tongue ulceration

     6 (7)

    2 (2)

          Dysphagia

     5 (6)

    2 (2)

          Oral soft tissue disorder NOS

     5 (6)

    1 (1)

          Lip ulceration

     4 (5)

    3 (4)

          Abdominal distension

     4 (5)

    1 (1)

          Abdominal pain upper

     4 (5)

    1 (1)

          Gastro-esophageal reflux disease

     4 (5)

    0 (0)

          Glossodynia

     4 (5)

    0 (0)

      General disorders and administrative site disorders

          Pyrexia

      44 (53)

    23 (28)

          Edema peripheral

      21 (25)

    13 (16)

          Rigors

      18 (22)

    14 (17)

          Edema NOS

      15 (18)

    5 (6)

          Pain NOS

      11 (13)

    5 (6)

          Lethargy

      10 (12)

    3 (4)

          Tenderness NOS

      9 (11)

    0 (0)

          Fall

    7 (8)

    3 (4)

          Chest discomfort

    6 (7)

    3 (4)

          Intermittent pyrexia

    5 (6)

    3 (4)

          Malaise

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

          Crepitations NOS

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

          Catheter site erythema

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

          Catheter site pain

    4 (5)

    0 (0)

          Injection site swelling

    4 (5)

    0 (0)

      Hepatobiliary disorders

          Hyperbilirubinemia

      12 (14)

      4 (5)

      Infections and infestations

          Pneumonia NOS

      18 (22)

      11 (14)

          Cellulitis

      10 (12)

      6 (7)

          Candidal infection NOS

      8 (10)

      1 (1)

          Catheter related infection

    7 (8)

    0 (0)

          Urinary tract infection NOS

    6 (7)

    1 (1)

          Staphylococcal infection

    6 (7)

    0 (0)

          Oral candidiasis

    5 (6)

    2 (2)

          Sinusitis NOS

    4 (5)

    2 (2)

          Bacteremia

    4 (5)

    0 (0)

      Injury, poisoning and procedural complications

          Transfusion reaction

    6 (7)

    3 (4)

          Abrasion NOS

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

      Investigations

          Cardiac murmur NOS

      13 (16)

      9 (11)

          Blood alkaline phosphatase NOS increased

      9 (11)

      7 (9)

          Aspartate aminotransferase increased

      8 (10)

      7 (9)

          Blood urea increased

      8 (10)

      1 (1)

          Blood lactate dehydrogenase increased

    7 (8)

    5 (6)

          Blood albumin decreased

    6 (7)

    0 (0)

          Blood bicarbonate increased

    5 (6)

    1 (1)

          Blood chloride decreased

    5 (6)

    1 (1)

          Protein total decreased

    4 (5)

    3 (4)

          Blood bicarbonate decreased

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

          Blood bilirubin decreased

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

      Metabolism and nutrition disorders

          Hyperglycemia NOS

      27 (33)

    16 (20)

          Hypoalbuminemia

      20 (24)

    14 (17)

          Hypomagnesemia

      20 (24)

    6 (7)

          Hypokalemia

      18 (22)

    10 (12)

          Hyponatremia

      16 (19)

    13 (16)

          Appetite decreased NOS

      13 (16)

    12 (15)

          Anorexia

      13 (16)

    8 (10)

          Hyperkalemia

      11 (13)

    3 (4)

          Dehydration

    5 (6)

    4 (5)

      Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

          Arthralgia

      17 (20)

      8 (10)

          Pain in limb

      16 (19)

      8 (10)

          Back pain

      14 (17)

      5 (6)

          Chest wall pain

    6 (7)

    1 (1)

          Musculoskeletal discomfort

    5 (6)

    0 (0)

          Myalgia

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

      Nervous system disorders

          Headache

      23 (28)

      11 (14)

          Dizziness

      15 (18)

      10 (12)

          Hypoesthesia

      9 (11)

      1 (1)

      Psychiatric disorders

          Insomnia

      23 (28)

      11 (14)

          Confusional state

      10 (12)

      3 (4)

          Anxiety

      9 (11)

      8 (10)

      Renal and urinary disorders

          Dysuria

    5 (6)

    3 (4)

          Urinary frequency

    4 (5)

    1 (1)

      Respiratory, thoracic and Mediastinal disorders

          Cough

      33 (40)

    25 (31)

          Pharyngitis

      13 (16)

    6 (7)

          Crackles lung

      12 (14)

    1 (1)

          Breath sounds decreased

      8 (10)

    7 (9)

          Hypoxia

      8 (10)

    4 (5)

          Rales

    7 (8)

    2 (2)

          Postnasal drip

    4 (5)

    2 (2)

      Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

          Ecchymosis

      18 (22)

      12 (15)

          Rash NOS

      16 (19)

      7 (9)

          Erythema

      12 (14)

      5 (6)

          Skin lesion NOS

      9 (11)

      3 (4)

          Pruritis

      9 (11)

      2 (2)

          Alopecia

    7 (8)

    1 (1)

          Urticaria NOS

    5 (6)

    1 (1)

          Swelling face

    5 (6)

    0 (0)

      Vascular disorders

          Petechiae

      32 (39)

      13 (16)

          Pallor

      19 (23)

      10 (12)

          Hypotension NOS

    5 (6)

    4 (5)

          Hematoma NOS

    4 (5)

    3 (4)

    In a single-arm MDS study (N=99) decitabine for injection was dosed at 20 mg/mintravenous, infused over one hour daily for 5 consecutive days of a 4 week cycle. Table 2 presents all adverse reactions occurring in at least 5% of patients.

    Table 2 Adverse Events Reported in ≥ 5% of Patients in a Single-arm Study*

     

    Decitabine for injection
    N = 99 (%)

      Blood and lymphatic system disorders

          Anemia

    31 (31%)

          Febrile neutropenia

    20 (20%)

          Leukopenia

    6 (6%)

          Neutropenia

    38 (38%)

          Pancytopenia

    5 (5%)

          Thrombocythemia

    5 (5%)

          Thrombocytopenia

    27 (27%)

      Cardiac disorders

          Cardiac failure congestive

    5 (5%)

          Tachycardia

    8 (8%)

      Ear and labyrinth disorders

          Ear pain

    6 (6%)

      Gastrointestinal disorders

          Abdominal pain

      14 (14%)

          Abdominal pain upper

    6 (6%)

          Constipation

      30 (30%)

          Diarrhea

      28 (28%)

          Dyspepsia

      10 (10%)

          Dysphagia

    5 (5%)

          Gastro-esophageal reflux disease

    5 (5%)

          Nausea

      40 (40%)

          Oral pain

    5 (5%)

          Stomatitis

      11 (11%)

          Toothache

    6 (6% )

          Vomiting

      16 (16%)

      General disorders and administration site conditions

          Asthenia

      15 (15%)

          Chest pain

    6 (6%)

          Chills

      16 (16%)

          Fatigue

      46 (46%)

          Mucosal inflammation

    9 (9%)

          Edema

    5 (5%)

          Edema peripheral

      27 (27%)

          Pain

    5 (5%)

          Pyrexia

      36 (36%)

      Infections and infestations

          Cellulitis

    9 (9%)

          Oral candidiasis

    6 (6%)

          Pneumonia

      20 (20%)

          Sinusitis

    6 (6%)

          Staphylococcal bacteremia

    8 (8%)

          Tooth abscess

    5 (5%)

          Upper respiratory tract infection

      10 (10%)

          Urinary tract infection

    7 (7%)

      Injury, poisoning and procedural complications

          Contusion

    9 (9%)

      Investigations

          Blood bilirubin increased

    6 (6%)

          Breath sounds abnormal

    5 (5%)

          Weight decreased

    9 (9%)

      Metabolism and nutrition disorders

          Anorexia

    23 (23%)

          Decreased appetite

    8 (8%)

          Dehydration

    8 (8%)

          Hyperglycemia

    6 (6%)

          Hypokalemia

    12 (12%)

          Hypomagnesemia

    5 (5%)

      Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

          Arthralgia

      17 (17%)

          Back pain

      18 (18%)

          Bone pain

    6 (6% )

          Muscle spasms

    7 (7%)

          Muscular weakness

    5 (5%)

          Musculoskeletal pain

    5 (5%)

          Myalgia

    9 (9%)

          Pain in extremity

      18 (18%)

      Nervous system disorders

          Dizziness

      21 (21%)

          Headache

      23 (23%)

      Psychiatric disorders

          Anxiety

    9 (9%)

          Confusional state

    8 (8%)

          Depression

    9 (9%)

          Insomnia

      14 (14%)

      Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

          Cough

      27 (27%)

          Dyspnea

      29 (29%)

          Epistaxis

      13 (13%)

         Pharyngolaryngeal pain

    8 (8%)

          Pleural effusion

    5 (5%)

          Sinus congestion

    5 (5%)

      Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

          Dry skin

    8 (8%)

          Ecchymosis

    9 (9%)

          Erythema

    5 (5%)

          Night sweats

    5 (5%)

          Petechiae

      12 (12%)

          Pruritus

    9 (9%)

          Rash

      11 (11%)

          Skin lesion

    5 (5%)

      Vascular disorders

          Hypertension

    6 (6%)

          Hypotension

      11 (11%)

    * In this single arm study, investigators reported adverse events based on clinical signs and symptoms rather than predefined laboratory abnormalities. Thus, not all laboratory abnormalities were recorded as adverse events.

    No overall difference in safety was detected between patients > 65 years of age and younger patients in these myelodysplasia trials. No significant gender differences in safety or efficacy were detected. Patients with renal or hepatic dysfunction were not studied. Insufficient numbers of non-white patients were available to draw conclusions in these clinical trials.

    Serious Adverse Events that occurred in patients receiving decitabine for injection regardless of causality, not previously reported in Tables 1 and 2 include:

    Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: myelosuppression, splenomegaly.
    Cardiac Disorders: myocardial infarction, cardio-respiratory arrest, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia.
    Gastrointestinal Disorders: gingival pain, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
    General Disorders and Administrative Site Conditions: chest pain, catheter site hemorrhage.
    Hepatobiliary Disorders: cholecystitis.
    Infections and Infestations: fungal infection, sepsis, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, peridiverticular abscess, respiratory tract infection, pseudomonal lung infection, Mycobacterium avium complex infection.
    Injury, Poisoning and Procedural Complications: post procedural pain, post procedural hemorrhage.
    Nervous System Disorders: intracranial hemorrhage.
    Psychiatric Disorders: mental status changes.
    Renal and Urinary Disorders: renal failure, urethral hemorrhage.
    Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: hemoptysis, lung infiltration, pulmonary embolism, respiratory arrest, pulmonary mass.
    Allergic Reaction: Hypersensitivity (anaphylactic reaction) to decitabine for injection has been reported in a Phase 2 trial.

    6.2 Post-marketing Experience

    The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of decitabine for injection. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

    Cases of Sweet's Syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) have been reported.

  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Drug interaction studies with decitabine have not been conducted. In vitro studies in human liver microsomes suggest that decitabine is unlikely to inhibit or induce cytochrome P450 enzymes. In vitro metabolism studies have suggested that decitabine is not a substrate for human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes. As plasma protein binding of decitabine is negligible (<1%), interactions due to displacement of more highly protein bound drugs from plasma proteins are not expected.

  • 8 Use in Specific Populations

    [Click here to enter Use in Specific Populations]

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    Based on findings from human data, animal studies, and the mechanism of action, decitabine for injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [ see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

    Limited published data on decitabine for injection use throughout the first trimester during pregnancy describe adverse developmental outcomes including major birth defects (structural abnormalities). In animal reproduction studies, administration of decitabine to pregnant mice and rats during organogenesis caused adverse developmental outcomes and was teratogenic, fetotoxic, and embryotoxic starting at doses approximately 7% of the recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss or other adverse outcomes. The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in the U.S general population is 2-4% and 15-20% of clinically recognized pregnancies, respectively.

    Data

    Human Data

    A single published case report of decitabine pregnancy exposure in a 39-year old woman with a hematologic malignancy described multiple structural abnormalities after 6 cycles of therapy in the 18th week of gestation. These abnormalities included holoprosencephaly, absence of nasal bone, mid-facial deformity, cleft lip and palate, polydactyly and rocker-bottom feet. The pregnancy was terminated.

    Animal Data

    In utero exposure to decitabine causes temporal related defects in the rat and/or mouse, which include growth suppression, exencephaly, defective skull bones, rib/sternabrae defects, phocomelia, digit defects, micrognathia, gastroschisis, micromelia. Decitabine inhibits proliferation and increases apoptosis of neural progenitor cells of the fetal CNS and induces palatal clefting in the developing murine fetus. Studies in mice have also shown that decitabine administration during osteoblastgenesis (day 10 of gestation) induces bone loss in offspring.

    In mice exposed to single IP (intraperitoneal) injections (0, 0.9 and 3.0 mg/m2, approximately 2% and 7% of the recommended daily clinical dose, respectively) over gestation days 8, 9, 10 or 11, no maternal toxicity was observed but reduced fetal survival was observed after treatment at 3 mg/m2 and decreased fetal weight was observed at both dose levels. The 3 mg/m2 dose elicited characteristic fetal defects for each treatment day, including supernumerary ribs (both dose levels), fused vertebrae and ribs, cleft palate, vertebral defects, hind-limb defects and digital defects of fore-and hind-limbs.

    In rats given a single IP injection of 2.4, 3.6 or 6mg/m2 (approximately 5, 8, or 13% the daily recommended clinical dose, respectively) on gestation days 9-12, no maternal toxicity was observed. No live fetuses were seen at any dose when decitabine was injected on gestation day 9. A significant decrease fetal survival and reduced fetal weight at doses greater than 3.6 mg/m2 was seen when decitabine was given on gestation day 10. Increased incidences of vertebral and rib anomalies were seen at all dose level, and induction of exophthalmia, exencephaly, and cleft palate were observed at 6.0 mg/m2. Increased incidence of foredigit defects was seen in fetuses at doses greater than 3.6 mg/m2. Reduced size and ossification of long bones of the fore-limb and hind-limb were noted at 6.0 mg/m2.

    The effect of decitabine on postnatal development and reproductive capacity was evaluated in mice administered a single 3 mg/m2 IP injection ( approximately 7% the recommended daily clinical dose) on day 10 of gestation. Body weights of males and females exposed in utero to decitabine were significantly reduced relative to controls at all postnatal time points. No consistent effect on fertility was seen when female mice exposed in utero were mated to untreated males. Untreated females mated to males exposed in utero showed decreased fertility at 3 and 5 months of age (36% and 0% pregnancy rate, respectively). Follow up studies indicated that treatment of pregnant mice with decitabine on gestation day 10 was associated with a reduced pregnancy rate resulting from effects on sperm production in the F1-generation.

    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There are no data on the presence of decitabine or its metabolites in human milk, the effects on the breastfed child, or the effects on milk production. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions from decitabine for injection in a nursing child, advise lactating women to avoid breastfeeding during treatment with decitabine for injection and for at least 1 week after the last dose.

    8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

    Pregnancy Testing

    Conduct pregnancy testing of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating decitabine for injection.

    Contraception

    Females

    Advise females of reproductive potential to avoid pregnancy and use effective contraception while receiving decitabine for injection and for 6 months following the last dose.

    Males

    Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception while receiving treatment with decitabine for injection and for 3 months following the last dose. [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]

    Infertility

    Based on findings of decitabine in animals, male fertility may be compromised by treatment with decitabine for injection [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of decitabine for injection in pediatric patients have not been established.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Of the total number of patients exposed to decitabine for injection in the controlled clinical trial, 61 of 83 patients were age 65 and over, while 21 of 83 patients were age 75 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    There is no known antidote for overdosage with decitabine for injection. Higher doses are associated with increased myelosuppression including prolonged neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. Standard supportive measures should be taken in the event of an overdose.

  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Decitabine for injection contains decitabine (5-aza-2'-deoxycitidine), an analogue of the natural nucleoside 2'-deoxycytidine. Decitabine is a fine, white to almost white powder with the molecular formula of C8H12N4O4 and a molecular weight of 228.21. Its chemical name is 4-amino-1-(2-deoxy-β-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-1,3,5-triazin-2(1H)-one and it has the following structural formula:

    Image

    Decitabine is slightly soluble in ethanol/water (50/50), methanol/water (50/50) and methanol; sparingly soluble in water and soluble in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO).

    Decitabine for injection a sterile, white to off white lyophilized powder/cake, supplied in a clear, colorless glass vial. Each 20 mL, single dose, glass vial contains 50 mg decitabine, 68 mg monobasic potassium phosphate (potassium dihydrogen phosphate) and 11.6 mg sodium hydroxide.

  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Decitabine is believed to exert its antineoplastic effects after phosphorylation and direct incorporation into DNA and inhibition of DNA methyltransferase, causing hypomethylation of DNA and cellular differentiation or apoptosis. Decitabine inhibits DNA methylation in vitro, which is achieved at concentrations that do not cause major suppression of DNA synthesis. Decitabine-induced hypomethylation in neoplastic cells may restore normal function to genes that are critical for the control of cellular differentiation and proliferation. In rapidly dividing cells, the cytotoxicity of decitabine may also be attributed to the formation of covalent adducts between DNA methyltransferase and decitabine incorporated into DNA. Non-proliferating cells are relatively insensitive to decitabine.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    Decitabine has been shown to induce hypomethylation both in vitro and in vivo. However, there have been no studies of decitabine‑induced hypomethylation and pharmacokinetic parameters.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated in patients. Eleven patients received 20 mg/m2infused over 1 hour intravenously (treatment Option 2), fourteen patients received 15 mg/m2infused over 3 hours (treatment Option 1). PK parameters are shown in Table 3. Plasma concentration-time profiles after discontinuation of infusion showed a biexponential decline. The CL of decitabine was higher following treatment Option 2. Upon repeat doses there was no systemic accumulation of decitabine or any changes in PK parameters. Population PK analysis (N=35) showed that the cumulative AUC per cycle for treatment Option 2 was 2.3-fold lower than the cumulative AUC per cycle following treatment Option 1.

    Table 3 Mean (CV% or 95% CI) Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Decitabine
    * N=14, **N=11, ***N=35 Cumulative AUC per cycle

    Dose

    Cmax
    (ng/mL)

    AUC0-∞
    (ng·h/mL)

    T1/2
    (h)

    CL
    (L/h/m2)

    AUCCumulative***
    (ng·h/mL)

    15 mg/m2 3-hr infusion every 8 hours for 3 days (Option 1)*

    73.8
    (66)

    163
    (62)

    0.62
    (49)

    125
    (53)

    1332
    (1010-1730)

    20 mg/m2 1-hr infusion daily for 5 days (Option 2)**

    147
    (49)

    115
    (43)

    0.54
    (43)

    210
    (47)

    570
    (470-700)

    The exact route of elimination and metabolic fate of decitabine is not known in humans. One of the pathways of elimination of decitabine appears to be deamination by cytidine deaminase found principally in the liver but also in granulocytes, intestinal epithelium and whole blood.

    Specific Populations

    Patients with Renal Impairment

    There are no data on the use of decitabine for injection in patients with renal impairment; therefore, if decitabine for injection is administered to these patients, monitor them frequently for excessive toxicity.

    Patients with Hepatic Impairment

    There are no data on the use of decitabine for injection in patients with hepatic impairment; therefore, if decitabine for injection is administered to these patients, monitor them frequently for excessive toxicity.

  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

    Carcinogenicity studies with decitabine have not been conducted.

    The mutagenic potential of decitabine was tested in several in vitro and in vivo systems. Decitabine increased mutation frequency in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells, and mutations were produced in an Escherichia coli lac-I transgene in colonic DNA of decitabine-treated mice. Decitabine caused chromosomal rearrangements in larvae of fruit flies.

    In male mice given IP injections of 0.15, 0.3 or 0.45 mg/m2decitabine (approximately 0.3% to 1% the recommended clinical dose) 3 times a week for 7 weeks, decitabine did not affect survival, body weight gain or hematological measures (hemoglobin and WBC counts). Testes weights were reduced, abnormal histology was observed and significant decreases in sperm number were found at doses ≥ 0.3 mg/m2. In females mated to males dosed with ≥ 0.3 mg/m2decitabine, pregnancy rate was reduced and preimplantation loss was significantly increased.

  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Controlled Trial in Myelodysplastic Syndrome

    A randomized open-label, multicenter, controlled trial evaluated 170 adult patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) meeting French-American-British (FAB) classification criteria and International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) High-Risk, Intermediate-2 and Intermediate-1 prognostic scores. Eighty-nine patients were randomized to decitabine for injection therapy plus supportive care (only 83 received decitabine for injection), and 81 to Supportive Care (SC) alone. Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) were not intended to be included. Of the 170 patients included in the study, independent review (adjudicated diagnosis) found that 12 patients (9 in the decitabine for injection arm and 3 in the SC arm) had the diagnosis of AML at baseline. Baseline demographics and other patient characteristics in the Intent-to-Treat (ITT) population were similar between the 2 groups, as shown in Table 4.

    Table 4 Baseline Demographics and Other Patient Characteristics (ITT)

    Demographic or Other Patient
    Characteristic

    Decitabine for Injection
             N = 89

    Supportive Care
    N= 81

    Age (years)
    Mean (±SD)
    Median (IQR)
    (Range: min-max)

    69±10
    70 (65-76)
    (31-85)

    67±10
    70 (62-74)
    (30-82)

    Gender n (%)
    Male
    Female

     
    59 (66)
    30 (34)

    57 (70)
    24 (30)

    Race n (%)
    White
    Black
    Other

     
    83 (93)
    4 (4)
    2 (2)

    76 (94)
    2 (2)
    3 (4)

    Weeks Since MDS Diagnosis
    Mean (±SD)
    Median (IQR)
    (Range: min-max)

     
    86±131
    29 (10-87)
    (2-667)

    77±119
    35 (7-98)
    (2-865)

    Previous MDS Therapy n (%)
    Yes
    No

     
    27 (30)
    62 (70)

    19 (23)
    62 (77)

    RBC Transfusion Status n (%)
    Independent
    Dependent

     
    23 (26)
    66 (74)

    27 (33)
    54 (67)

    Platelet Transfusion Status n (%)
    Independent
    Dependent

     
    69 (78)
    20 (22)

    62 (77)
    19 (23)

    IPSS Classification n (%)
    Intermediate–1
    Intermediate–2
    High Risk

     
    28 (31)
    38 (43)
    23 (26)

    24 (30)
    36 (44)
    21 (26)

    FAB Classification n (%)
    RA
    RARS
    RAEB
    RAEB-t
    CMML

     
    12 (13)
    7 (8)
    47 (53)
    17 (19)
    6 (7)

    12 (15)
    4 (5)
    43 (53)
    14 (17)
    8 (10)

    Patients randomized to the decitabine for injection arm received decitabine for injection intravenously infused at a dose of 15 mg/m2over a 3-hour period, every 8 hours, for 3 consecutive days. This cycle was repeated every 6 weeks, depending on the patient's clinical response and toxicity. Supportive care consisted of blood and blood product transfusions, prophylactic antibiotics, and hematopoietic growth factors. The study endpoints were overall response rate (complete response + partial response) and time to AML or death. Responses were classified using the MDS International Working Group (IWG) criteria; patients were required to be RBC and platelet transfusion independent during the time of response. Response criteria are given in Table 5:

    Table 5 Response Criteria for Phase 3 MDS Trial*
    * Cheson BD, Bennett JM, et al. Report of an International Working Group to Standardize Response Criteria for MDS. Blood . 2000; 96:3671-3674.

    Complete Response (CR)
    ≥ 8 weeks

    Bone
    Marrow

    On repeat aspirates:
    •  < 5% myeloblasts
    •  No dysplastic changes

    Peripheral
    Blood

    In all samples during response:
    •  Hgb > 11 g/dL (no transfusions or erythropoietin)
    •  ANC ≥ 1500/μL (no growth factor)
    •  Platelets ≥ 100,000/ μL (no thrombopoietic agent)
    •  No blasts and no dysplasia

    Partial Response (PR)
    ≥ 8 weeks

    Bone
    Marrow

    On repeat aspirates:
    •  ≥ 50% decrease in blasts over pretreatment values OR
    •  Improvement to a less advanced MDS FAB    classification

    Peripheral
    Blood

    Same as for CR

    The overall response rate (CR+PR) in the ITT population was 17% in decitabine for injection-treated patients and 0% in the SC group (p<0.001). (See Table 6) The overall response rate was 21% (12/56) in decitabine for injection-treated patients considered evaluable for response (i.e., those patients with pathologically confirmed MDS at baseline who received at least 2 cycles of treatment). The median duration of response (range) for patients who responded to decitabine for injection was 288 days (116-388) and median time to response (range) was 93 days (55-272). All but one of the decitabine for injection-treated patients who responded did so by the fourth cycle. Benefit was seen in an additional 13% of decitabine for injection-treated patients who had hematologic improvement, defined as a response less than PR lasting at least 8 weeks, compared to 7% of SC patients. Decitabine for injection treatment did not significantly delay the median time to AML or death versus supportive care.

    Table 6 Analysis of Response (ITT)
    **p-value <0.001 from two-sided Fisher's Exact Test comparing Decitabine for Injection vs. Supportive Care.
    In the statistical analysis plan, a p-value of ≤ 0.024 was required to achieve statistical significance.

    Parameter

    Decitabine for Injection
    N=89

    Supportive Care
    N=81

    Overall Response Rate (CR+PR)
    Complete Response (CR)
    Partial Response (PR)

    15 (17%)**
    8 (9%)
    7 (8%)

    0 (0%)
    0 (0%)
    0 (0%)

    Duration of Response
    Median time to (CR+PR) response - Days (range)
    Median Duration of (CR+PR) response - Days (range)

    93 (55-272)
    288 (116-388)

    NA
     NA

    All patients with a CR or PR were RBC and platelet transfusion independent in the absence of growth factors.

    Responses occurred in patients with an adjudicated baseline diagnosis of AML.

    14.2 Single-arm Studies in Myelodysplastic Syndrome

    Three open-label, single-arm, multicenter studies were conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of decitabine for injection in MDS patients with any of the FAB subtypes. In one study conducted in North America, 99 patients with IPSS Intermediate-1, Intermediate-2, or high risk prognostic scores received decitabine for injection by intravenous infusion at a dose of 20 mg/m2IV over 1-hour daily, on days 1-5 of week 1 every 4 weeks (1 cycle). The results were consistent with the results of the controlled trial and summarized in Table 8.

    Table 7 Baseline Demographics and Other Patient Characteristics (ITT)

    Demographic or Other Patient Characteristic

    Decitabine for injection
    N = 99

    Age (years)
    Mean (±SD)
    Median (Range: min-max)

     
    71±9
    72 (34-87)

    Gender n (%)
    Male
    Female

     
    71 (72)
    28 (28)

    Race n (%)
    White
    Black
    Asian
    Other

     
    86 (87)
    6 (6)
    4 (4)
    3 (3)

    Days From MDS Diagnosis to First Dose
    Mean (±SD)
    Median (Range: min-max)

    444±626
    154 (7-3079)

    Previous MDS Therapy n (%)
    Yes
    No

     
    27 (27)
    72 (73)

    RBC Transfusion Status n (%)
    Independent
    Dependent

    33 (33)
    66 (67)

    Platelet Transfusion Status n (%)
    Independent
    Dependent

     
    84 (85)
    15 (15)

    IPSS Classification n (%)
    Low Risk
    Intermediate–1
    Intermediate–2
    High Risk

     
    1 (1)
    52 (53)
    23 (23)
    23 (23)

    FAB Classification n (%)
    RA
    RARS
    RAEB
    RAEB-t
    CMML

    20 (20)
    17 (17)
    45 (45)
    6 (6)
    11 (11)

    Table 8 Analysis of Response (ITT)*

    Parameter

    Decitabine for injection
    N=99

    Overall Response Rate (CR+PR)
              Complete Response (CR)
              Partial Response (PR)

    16 (16%)
    15 (15%)
    1 (1%)

    Duration of Response
      Median time to (CR+PR) response - Days (range)
      Median Duration of (CR+PR) response - Days (range)

     162 (50-267)
     443 (72-722+)

    + indicates censored observation
    * Cheson BD, Bennett JM, et al. Report of an International Working Group to Standardize Response Criteria for MDS. Blood . 2000; 96:3671-3674.

  • 15 REFERENCES

    1.
    OSHA Hazardous Drugs. OSHA.

    http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardousdrugs/index.html

  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Decitabine for injection is a sterile, white to off white lyophilized powder/cake, supplied as 50 mg single-dose vial NDC 68001-347-28. Vial individually packaged in a shelf pack with NDC 68001-347-36.

    Storage

    Store vials at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F).

  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Instructions for Patients 

    Advise women of childbearing potential to avoid pregnancy and to use effective contraception while receiving decitabine for injection and for 6 months after the last dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    Advise men not to father a child while receiving treatment with decitabine for injection and for 3 months after the last dose. Advise men with female partners of childbearing potential to use effective contraception [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

    Advise patients to avoid breastfeeding while receiving decitabine for injection and for at 1 week after the last dose [ see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)]. Advise Patients of the risk of myelosuppression and to report any symptoms of infection, anemia, or bleeding to their healthcare provided as soon as possible. Advise patients for the need for laboratory monitoring [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    Manufactured by:

    Cipla Ltd.

    Verna Goa, India

    For:

    BluePoint Laboratories

    Revised: 1/2019

  • PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 68001-347-28               RX Only

    Decitabine

    for Injection

    50 mg per vial

    FOR INTRAVENOUS INFUSION ONLY

    WARNING: Cytotoxic agent.

    Single Dose Sterile vial –

    Discard Unused Portion

    Store vials at 25°C (77°F);

    excursions permitted to 15°C to

    30°C (59°F to 86°F). (see insert)

    BluePoint Laboratories

    Decitabine 50mg/vial vial label

    image

    NDC 68001-347-36               RX Only

    Decitabine

    for Injection

    50 mg per vial

    FOR INTRAVENOUS INFUSION ONLY

    WARNING: Cytotoxic agent.

    Single Dose Sterile vial –

    Discard Unused Portion

    Storage: Store vials at 25°C (77°F);

    excursions permitted to 15°C to

    30°C (59°F to 86°F). (see insert)

    BluePoint Laboratories

    Decitabine 50mg/vial carton

    image

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    DECITABINE 
    decitabine injection
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:68001-347
    Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    DECITABINE (UNII: 776B62CQ27) (DECITABINE - UNII:776B62CQ27) DECITABINE50 mg  in 10 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC (UNII: 4J9FJ0HL51)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:68001-347-361 in 1 CARTON04/30/2018
    1NDC:68001-347-2810 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA20860111/16/2017
    Labeler - BluePoint Laboratories (985523874)
    Registrant - Cipla USA Inc. (078719707)
    Establishment
    NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
    Cipla Ltd.- Goa650072015MANUFACTURE(68001-347)