Label: ICLUSIG- ponatinib hydrochloride tablet, film coated

  • NDC Code(s): 76189-533-30, 76189-534-30, 76189-534-90, 76189-535-30, view more
    76189-535-60, 76189-535-80
  • Packager: ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated November 30, 2016

If you are a consumer or patient please visit this version.

  • BOXED WARNING(What is this?)

    WARNING: ARTERIAL OCCLUSION, VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM, HEART FAILURE, and HEPATOTOXICITY

    Arterial Occlusion:

    • Arterial occlusions have occurred in at least 35% of Iclusig-treated patients. Some patients experienced more than 1 type of event. Events observed included fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, stenosis of large arterial vessels of the brain, severe peripheral vascular disease, and the need for urgent revascularization procedures. Patients with and without cardiovascular risk factors, including patients age 50 years or younger, experienced these events. Monitor for evidence of arterial occlusion. Interrupt or stop Iclusig immediately for arterial occlusion. A benefit-risk consideration should guide a decision to restart Iclusig therapy (5.1).

    Venous Thromboembolism

    • Venous occlusive events have occurred in 6% of Iclusig-treated patients. Monitor for evidence of venous thromboembolism. Consider dose modification or discontinuation of Iclusig in patients who develop serious venous thromboembolism (5.2).

    Heart Failure:

    • Heart failure, including fatalities, occurred in 9% of Iclusig-treated patients. Monitor cardiac function. Interrupt or stop Iclusig for new or worsening heart failure (5.3).

    Hepatotoxicity:

    • Hepatotoxicity, liver failure and death have occurred in Iclusig-treated patients. Monitor hepatic function. Interrupt Iclusig if hepatotoxicity is suspected (2.3, 5.4).
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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ICLUSIG safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ICLUSIG.

    ICLUSIG ® (ponatinib) tablets for oral use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2012

    WARNING: ARTERIAL OCCLUSION, VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM, HEART FAILURE, and HEPATOTOXICITY

    See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

    • Arterial occlusion has occurred in at least 35% of Iclusig-treated patients including fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, stenosis of large arterial vessels of the brain, severe peripheral vascular disease, and the need for urgent revascularization procedures. Patients with and without cardiovascular risk factors, including patients less than 50 years old, experienced these events. Interrupt or stop Iclusig immediately for arterial occlusion. A benefit-risk consideration should guide a decision to restart Iclusig (5.1).
    • Venous thromboembolism has occurred in 6% of Iclusig-treated patients. Monitor for evidence of thromboembolism. Consider dose modification or discontinuation of Iclusig in patients who develop serious venous thromboembolism (5.2).
    • Heart failure, including fatalities, occurred in 9% of Iclusig-treated patients. Monitor cardiac function. Interrupt or stop Iclusig for new or worsening heart failure (5.3).
    • Hepatotoxicity, liver failure and death have occurred in Iclusig-treated patients. Monitor hepatic function. Interrupt Iclusig if hepatotoxicity is suspected (2.3, 5.4).

    RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

    Boxed Warning 11/2016
    Indications and Usage (1) 11/2016
    Warnings and Precautions (5) 11/2016

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Iclusig is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the:

    • Treatment of adult patients with chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Ph+ ALL for whom no other tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy is indicated.
    • Treatment of adult patients with T315I-positive CML (chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase) or T315I-positive Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL). (1)

    Limitations of use:

    Iclusig is not indicated and is not recommended for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed chronic phase CML (5.7).

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    • Recommended dose: 45 mg taken orally once daily with or without food (2.1)
    • Hepatic Impairment: 30 mg orally once daily (2.5)
    • Modify or interrupt dosing for hematologic and non-hematologic toxicity (2.2, 2.3)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Tablets: 15 mg, 30 mg and 45 mg (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Hypertension: Monitor for high blood pressure and manage as clinically indicated (5.5).
    • Pancreatitis: Monitor serum lipase monthly; interrupt or discontinue Iclusig (2.3, 5.6).
    • Neuropathy: Monitor for symptoms of peripheral and cranial neuropathy (5.8).
    • Ocular Toxicity: Conduct comprehensive eye exams at baseline and periodically during treatment (5.9).
    • Hemorrhage: Interrupt Iclusig for serious or severe hemorrhage (5.10).
    • Fluid Retention: Monitor patients for fluid retention; interrupt, reduce, or discontinue Iclusig (5.11).
    • Cardiac Arrhythmias: Monitor for symptoms of arrhythmias (5.12, 6).
    • Myelosuppression: Thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and anemia may require dose interruption or reduction. Monitor complete blood counts every 2 weeks for 3 months and then monthly and as clinically indicated. Interrupt Iclusig for ANC < 1000/mm3 or thrombocytopenia < 50,000/ mm3 (2.2, 5.13).
    • Tumor Lysis Syndrome: Ensure adequate hydration and correct elevated uric acid levels prior to initiating therapy with Iclusig (5.14).
    • Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS): Interrupt Iclusig and resume treatment only once the event is resolved and if the benefit of continued treatment outweighs the risk of RPLS (5.15)
    • Compromised Wound Healing and Gastrointestinal Perforation: Temporarily interrupt therapy in patients undergoing major surgical procedures (5.16).
    • Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus and to use effective contraception (5.17, 8.1, 8.3).

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common non-hematologic adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were abdominal pain, rash, constipation, headache, dry skin, fatigue, hypertension, pyrexia, arthralgia, nausea, diarrhea, lipase increased, vomiting, myalgia and pain in extremity (6).


    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-855-55-ARIAD or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    • Strong CYP3A Inhibitors: Avoid concurrent use, or reduce Iclusig dose if co-administration cannot be avoided (2.4, 7.1)
    • Strong CYP3A Inducers: Avoid concurrent use (7.2)

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    • Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed (8.2).

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

    Revised: 11/2016

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

    WARNING: ARTERIAL OCCLUSION, VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM, HEART FAILURE, and HEPATOTOXICITY

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Dosage

    2.2 Dose Modifications for Myelosuppression

    2.3 Dose Modifications for Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions

    2.4 Dose Modification for Use With Strong CYP3A Inhibitors

    2.5 Dose Modification for Use in Patients with Hepatic Impairment

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Arterial Occlusion

    5.2 Venous Thromboembolism

    5.3 Heart Failure

    5.4 Hepatotoxicity

    5.5 Hypertension

    5.6 Pancreatitis

    5.7 Increased Toxicity in Newly Diagnosed Chronic Phase CML

    5.8 Neuropathy

    5.9 Ocular Toxicity

    5.10 Hemorrhage

    5.11 Fluid Retention

    5.12 Cardiac Arrhythmias

    5.13 Myelosuppression

    5.14 Tumor Lysis Syndrome

    5.15 Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)

    5.16 Compromised Wound Healing and Gastrointestinal Perforation

    5.17 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

    6.2 Postmarketing Experience

    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Drugs That Are Strong Inhibitors of CYP3A Enzymes

    7.2 Drugs That Are Strong Inducers of CYP3A Enzymes

    7.3 Drugs That Elevate Gastric pH

    7.4 Drugs that are Substrates of the P-gp or ABCG2 Transporter Systems

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    8.2 Lactation

    8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    10 OVERDOSAGE

    11 DESCRIPTION

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
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  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Iclusig (ponatinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the:

    • Treatment of adult patients with chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Ph+ ALL for whom no other tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy is indicated.
    • Treatment of adult patients with T315I-positive CML (chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase) or T315I-positive Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL).

    Limitations of use:

    Iclusig is not indicated and is not recommended for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed chronic phase CML [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Dosage

    The optimal dose of Iclusig has not been identified. In clinical trials, the starting dose of Iclusig was 45 mg administered orally once daily. However, in the phase 2 trial, 68% of the patients required dose reductions to 30 mg or 15 mg once daily during the course of therapy.

    Start dosing with 45 mg once daily. Consider reducing the dose of Iclusig for patients with chronic phase (CP) CML and accelerated phase (AP) CML who have achieved a major cytogenetic response.

    Consider discontinuing Iclusig if response has not occurred by 3 months (90 days).

    Iclusig may be taken with or without food. Tablets should be swallowed whole.

    2.2 Dose Modifications for Myelosuppression

    Suggested dose modifications for neutropenia (ANC* less than 1.0 × 109/L) and thrombocytopenia (platelet less than 50 × 109/L) that are unrelated to leukemia are summarized in Table 1.

    Table 1: Suggested Dose Modifications for Myelosuppression
    *
    ANC = absolute neutrophil count
    ANC* < 1 × 109/L
    or
    platelet < 50 × 109/L
    First occurrence:
    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume initial 45 mg dose after recovery to ANC ≥ 1.5 × 109/L and platelet ≥ 75 × 109/L
    Second occurrence:
    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 30 mg after recovery to ANC ≥ 1.5 × 109/L and platelet ≥ 75 × 109/L
    Third occurrence:
    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 15 mg after recovery to ANC ≥ 1.5 × 109/L and platelet ≥ 75 × 109/L

    2.3 Dose Modifications for Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions

    If a serious non-hematologic adverse reaction occurs, modify the dose or interrupt treatment. Do not restart Iclusig in patients with arterial or venous occlusive reactions unless the potential benefit outweighs the risk of recurrent arterial or venous occlusions and the patient has no other treatment options. For serious reactions other than arterial or venous occlusion, do not restart Iclusig until the serious event has resolved or the potential benefit of resuming therapy is judged to outweigh the risk.

    Hepatotoxicity

    Recommended modifications for hepatotoxicity are summarized in Table 2.

    Table 2: Recommended Dose Modifications for Hepatotoxicity
    *
    ULN = Upper Limit of Normal for the lab
    Elevation of liver transaminase > 3 × ULN* (Grade 2 or higher) Occurrence at 45 mg:
    • Interrupt Iclusig and monitor hepatic function
    • Resume Iclusig at 30 mg after recovery to ≤ Grade 1 (< 3 × ULN)

    Occurrence at 30 mg:

    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 15 mg after recovery to ≤ Grade 1

    Occurrence at 15 mg:

    • Discontinue Iclusig
    Elevation of AST or ALT ≥ 3 × ULN concurrent with an elevation of bilirubin > 2 × ULN and alkaline phosphatase < 2 × ULN Discontinue Iclusig

    Pancreatitis and Elevation of Lipase

    Recommended modifications for pancreatic adverse reactions are summarized in Table 3.

    Table 3: Recommended Dose Modifications for Pancreatitis and Elevation of Lipase
    *
    ULN = Upper Limit of Normal for the lab
    Asymptomatic Grade 1 or 2 elevation of serum lipase Consider interruption or dose reduction of Iclusig
    Asymptomatic Grade 3 or 4 elevation of lipase (> 2 × ULN*) or asymptomatic radiologic pancreatitis (Grade 2 pancreatitis) Occurrence at 45 mg:
    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 30 mg after recovery to ≤ Grade 1 (< 1.5 × ULN)

    Occurrence at 30 mg:

    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 15 mg after recovery to ≤ Grade 1

    Occurrence at 15 mg:

    • Discontinue Iclusig
    Symptomatic Grade 3 pancreatitis Occurrence at 45 mg:
    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 30 mg after complete resolution of symptoms and after recovery of lipase elevation to ≤ Grade 1

    Occurrence at 30 mg:

    • Interrupt Iclusig and resume at 15 mg after complete resolution of symptoms and after recovery of lipase elevation to ≤ Grade 1

    Occurrence at 15 mg:

    • Discontinue Iclusig
    Grade 4 pancreatitis Discontinue Iclusig

    2.4 Dose Modification for Use With Strong CYP3A Inhibitors

    The recommended dose should be reduced to 30 mg once daily when administering Iclusig with strong CYP3A inhibitors [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

    2.5 Dose Modification for Use in Patients with Hepatic Impairment

    The recommended starting dose is 30 mg once daily in patients with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A, B, or C) [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    15 mg, 30 mg and 45 mg round, white, film-coated tablets.

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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None.

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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Arterial Occlusion

    Arterial occlusions, including fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, stenosis of large arterial vessels of the brain, severe peripheral vascular disease have occurred in at least 35% of Iclusig-treated patients from the phase 1 and phase 2 trials. With a minimum of 48 months follow-up for ongoing patients (N=133) in the phase 2 trial, 33% (150/449) of Iclusig-treated patients experienced a cardiac vascular (21%), peripheral vascular (12%), or cerebrovascular (9%) arterial occlusive event; some patients experienced more than 1 type of arterial occlusive event.

    Iclusig can cause fatal and life-threatening arterial occlusion within 2 weeks of starting treatment, and at dose levels as low as 15 mg per day. Iclusig can also cause recurrent or multi-site vascular occlusion. Patients have required revascularization procedures (coronary, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial).

    In the phase 2 trial, the median time to onset of the first cardiac vascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular arterial occlusive events was 193 (range: 1 - 1355), 526 (range: 5 - 1339), and 478 (range: 3 - 1344) days, respectively.

    Patients with and without cardiovascular risk factors, including patients age 50 years or younger, experienced these events. The most common risk factors observed in patients with arterial occlusive events were hypertension (62%; 93/150), hyperlipidemia (61%; 91/150), and history of cardiac disease (48%; 72/150). Arterial occlusion adverse events were more frequent with increasing age and in patients with history of ischemia, hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia (see Table 4).

    Table 4: Arterial Occlusion Incidence in Iclusig-Treated Patients in Phase 2 Trial According to Risk Categories: 4 year follow-up
    Age
    (At time of study entry)
    History of ischemia, hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia
    N=218
    No history of ischemia, hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia
    N=231
    49 or younger 31%
    (11/36)
    19%
    (21/108)
    50 to 74 years 40%
    (64/158)
    30%
    (32/109)
    75 and older 58%
    (14/24)
    57%
    (8/14)
    All age groups 41%
    (89/218)
    26%
    (61/231)
    Total 33%
    (150/449)

    Cardiac vascular occlusion, including fatal and life-threatening myocardial infarction and coronary artery occlusion has occurred in 21% (94/449) of Iclusig-treated patients. Patients have developed heart failure concurrent or subsequent to the myocardial ischemic event [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    Cerebrovascular occlusion, including fatal stroke, has occurred in 9% (40/449) of Iclusig-treated patients. Iclusig can cause stenosis over multiple segments in major arterial vessels that supply the brain (e.g., carotid, vertebral, middle cerebral artery).

    Peripheral arterial occlusion, including fatal mesenteric artery occlusion and life-threatening peripheral arterial disease, have occurred in 12% (52/449) of Iclusig-treated patients. Patients have developed digital or distal extremity necrosis and have required amputations. Renal artery stenosis, associated with worsening, labile or treatment-resistant hypertension, has occurred in some Iclusig-treated patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

    Clinicians should consider whether the benefits of Iclusig treatment are expected to exceed the risks of therapy. In patients suspected of developing arterial occlusive events, interrupt or stop Iclusig. A benefit-risk consideration should guide a decision to restart Iclusig therapy [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

    5.2 Venous Thromboembolism

    Venous thromboembolic events occurred in 6% (25/449) of Iclusig-treated patients, including deep venous thrombosis (10 patients), pulmonary embolism (7 patients), superficial thrombophlebitis (3 patients), and retinal vein thrombosis (2 patients) with vision loss.

    In the phase 2 trial, the incidence of venous thromboembolism was 9% (3/32) in patients with Ph+ ALL, 10% (6/62) in patients with blast phase (BP) CML, 4% (3/85) in patients with AP-CML, and 5% (13/270) in patients with CP-CML. Consider dose modification or discontinuation of Iclusig in patients who develop serious venous thromboembolism [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

    5.3 Heart Failure

    Fatal or serious heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction occurred in 6% of Iclusig-treated patients (N=29/449) in the phase 2 trial (48 months follow-up). Nine percent of patients (N=39) experienced any grade of heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction. The most frequently reported heart failure events were congestive cardiac failure and decreased ejection fraction (in 14 patients each; 3%).

    Monitor patients for signs or symptoms consistent with heart failure and treat as clinically indicated, including interruption of Iclusig. Consider discontinuation of Iclusig in patients who develop serious heart failure [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

    5.4 Hepatotoxicity

    Iclusig can cause hepatotoxicity, including liver failure and death. Fulminant hepatic failure leading to death occurred in an Iclusig-treated patient within one week of starting Iclusig. Two additional fatal cases of acute liver failure also occurred. The fatal cases occurred in patients with blast phase (BP) CML or Ph+ ALL. Severe (grade 3 or 4) hepatotoxicity occurred in all disease cohorts.

    With 48 months follow-up, 11% (50/449) of Iclusig-treated patients experienced grade 3 or 4 hepatotoxicity in the phase 2 trial. The most common forms of hepatotoxicity were elevations of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT), bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase. The incidence of AST or ALT elevation was 54% (all grades) and 8% (grade 3 or 4). ALT or AST elevation was not reversed by the date of last follow-up in 5% of patients.

    Hepatotoxic events were observed in 29% of patients. The median time to onset of hepatotoxicity event was 3 months, with a range of <1 month to 47 months. Monitor liver function tests at baseline, then at least monthly or as clinically indicated. Interrupt, reduce or discontinue Iclusig as clinically indicated [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

    5.5 Hypertension

    Treatment-emergent elevation of systolic or diastolic blood pressure (BP) occurred in 68% (306/449) of patients in the phase 2 clinical trial (48 months of follow-up). Fifty three patients (12%) treated with Iclusig in this clinical trial experienced treatment-emergent symptomatic hypertension as a serious adverse reaction, including hypertensive crisis. Patients may require urgent clinical intervention for hypertension associated with confusion, headache, chest pain, or shortness of breath [see Adverse Reactions (6)].

    In patients with baseline systolic BP<140 mm Hg and baseline diastolic BP<90 mm Hg, 80% (229/285) experienced treatment-emergent hypertension; 44% (124/285) developed Stage 1 hypertension (defined as systolic BP≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP≥90 mm Hg) while 37% developed Stage 2 hypertension (defined as systolic BP≥160 mm Hg or diastolic BP≥100 mm Hg). In 132 patients with Stage 1 hypertension at baseline, 67% (88/132) developed Stage 2 hypertension.

    Monitor and manage blood pressure elevations during Iclusig use and treat hypertension to normalize blood pressure. Interrupt, dose reduce, or stop Iclusig if hypertension is not medically controlled. In the event of significant worsening, labile or treatment-resistant hypertension, interrupt treatment and consider evaluating for renal artery stenosis.

    5.6 Pancreatitis

    Pancreatitis occurred in 7% (31/449, 6% serious or grade 3/4) of Iclusig-treated patients with 48 months of follow-up in the phase 2 trial. The incidence of treatment-emergent lipase elevation was 42% (16% grade 3 or greater).

    Pancreatitis resulted in discontinuation or treatment interruption in 6% of patients (26/449). The median time to onset of pancreatitis was 14 days (range: 3 - 1452). Twenty-three of the 31 cases of pancreatitis resolved within 2 weeks with dose interruption or reduction.

    Check serum lipase every 2 weeks for the first 2 months and then monthly thereafter or as clinically indicated. Consider additional serum lipase monitoring in patients with a history of pancreatitis or alcohol abuse. Dose interruption or reduction may be required. In cases where lipase elevations are accompanied by abdominal symptoms, interrupt treatment with Iclusig and evaluate patients for pancreatitis [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. Do not consider restarting Iclusig until patients have complete resolution of symptoms and lipase levels are less than 1.5 × ULN.

    5.7 Increased Toxicity in Newly Diagnosed Chronic Phase CML

    In a prospective randomized clinical trial in the first line treatment of newly diagnosed patients with chronic phase (CP) CML, single agent Iclusig 45 mg once-daily increased the risk of serious adverse reactions 2-fold compared to single agent imatinib 400 mg once-daily. The median exposure to treatment was less than 6 months. The trial was halted for safety in October 2013.

    Arterial and venous thrombosis and occlusions occurred at least twice as frequently in the Iclusig arm compared to the imatinib arm. Compared to imatinib-treated patients, Iclusig-treated patients exhibited a greater incidence of myelosuppression, pancreatitis, hepatotoxicity, cardiac failure, hypertension, and skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders. Iclusig is not indicated and is not recommended for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed CP-CML.

    5.8 Neuropathy

    Peripheral and cranial neuropathy have occurred in Iclusig-treated patients. Overall, 20% (90/449) of Iclusig-treated patients in the pivotal phase 2 trial experienced a peripheral neuropathy event of any grade (2%, grade 3/4) (48 months follow-up). The most common peripheral neuropathies reported were paresthesia (5%, 23/449), neuropathy peripheral (4%, 19/449), hypoesthesia (3%, 15/449), dysgeusia (2%, (10/449), muscular weakness (2% (10/449) and hyperesthesia (1%, 5/449). Cranial neuropathy developed in 2% (10/449) of Iclusig-treated patients (<1%, 3/449 - grade 3/4).

    Of the patients who developed neuropathy, 26% (23/90) developed neuropathy during the first month of treatment. Monitor patients for symptoms of neuropathy, such as hypoesthesia, hyperesthesia, paresthesia, discomfort, a burning sensation, neuropathic pain or weakness. Consider interrupting Iclusig and evaluate if neuropathy is suspected.

    5.9 Ocular Toxicity

    Serious ocular toxicities leading to blindness or blurred vision have occurred in Iclusig-treated patients in the phase 2 trial (48 months follow-up). Retinal toxicities including macular edema, retinal vein occlusion, and retinal hemorrhage occurred in 2% of Iclusig-treated patients. Conjunctival irritation, corneal erosion or abrasion, dry eye, conjunctivitis, conjunctival hemorrhage, hyperaemia and edema or eye pain occurred in 14% of patients. Visual blurring occurred in 6% of patients. Other ocular toxicities include cataracts, periorbital edema, blepharitis, glaucoma, eyelid edema, ocular hyperaemia, iritis, iridocyclitis, and ulcerative keratitis. Conduct comprehensive eye exams at baseline and periodically during treatment [see Adverse Reactions (6)].

    5.10 Hemorrhage

    Serious hemorrhage events including fatalities, occurred in 6% (28/449) of patients treated with Iclusig in the phase 2 trial, with 48 months follow-up. Hemorrhage occurred in 28% (124/449) of patients. The incidence of serious bleeding events was higher in patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage and subdural hematoma were the most commonly reported serious bleeding events occurring in 1% (4/449 and 4/449, respectively). Most hemorrhagic events, but not all, occurred in patients with grade 4 thrombocytopenia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]. Interrupt Iclusig for serious or severe hemorrhage and evaluate [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

    5.11 Fluid Retention

    Fluid retention events judged as serious occurred in 4% (18/449) of patients treated with Iclusig in the phase 2 trial (48 months follow-up). One instance of brain edema was fatal. For fluid retention events occurring in more than 2% of the patients (treatment-emergent), serious cases included: pleural effusion (7/449, 2%), pericardial effusion (4/449, 1%), and edema peripheral (2/449, <1%).

    In total, fluid retention occurred in 31% of the patients. The most common fluid retention events were peripheral edema (17%), pleural effusion (8%), pericardial effusion (4%) and peripheral swelling (3%).

    Monitor patients for fluid retention and manage patients as clinically indicated. Interrupt, reduce, or discontinue Iclusig as clinically indicated [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

    5.12 Cardiac Arrhythmias

    Arrhythmias occurred in 19% (86/449) of Iclusig-treated patients, of which 7% (33/449) were grade 3 or greater. Arrhythmia of ventricular origin was reported in 3% (3/86) of all arrhythmias, with one case being grade 3 or greater.

    Symptomatic bradyarrhythmias that led to pacemaker implantation occurred in 1% (3/449) of Iclusig-treated patients.

    Atrial fibrillation was the most common arrhythmia and occurred in 7% (31/449) of patients, approximately half of which were grade 3 or 4. Other grade 3 or 4 arrhythmia events included syncope (9 patients; 2.0%), tachycardia and bradycardia (2 patients each 0.4%), and electrocardiogram QT prolonged, atrial flutter , supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, atrial tachycardia, atrioventricular block complete, cardio-respiratory arrest, loss of consciousness, and sinus node dysfunction (1 patient each 0.2%). For 27 patients, the event led to hospitalization.

    In patients with signs and symptoms suggestive of slow heart rate (fainting, dizziness) or rapid heart rate (chest pain, palpitations or dizziness), interrupt Iclusig and evaluate.

    5.13 Myelosuppression

    Myelosuppression was reported as an adverse reaction in 59% (266/449) of patients, and severe (grade 3 or 4) myelosuppression occurred in 50% (226/449) of patients treated with Iclusig. With 48 months of follow-up, the incidence of these events was greater in patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL than in patients with CP-CML.

    Severe myelosuppression (Grade 3 or 4) was observed early in treatment, with a median onset time of 1 month (range <1– 40 months). Obtain complete blood counts every 2 weeks for the first 3 months and then monthly or as clinically indicated, and adjust the dose as recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

    5.14 Tumor Lysis Syndrome

    Two patients (<1%) treated with Iclusig developed serious tumor lysis syndrome. One case occurred in a patient with advanced AP-CML and one case occurred in a patient with BP-CML. Hyperuricemia occurred in 7% (31/449) of patients. Due to the potential for tumor lysis syndrome in patients with advanced disease (AP-CML, BP-CML, or Ph+ ALL), ensure adequate hydration and treat high uric acid levels prior to initiating therapy with Iclusig.

    5.15 Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)

    Post marketing cases of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS – also known as Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome - PRES) have been reported in Iclusig-treated patients. RPLS is a neurological disorder that can present with signs and symptoms such as seizure, headache, decreased alertness, altered mental functioning, vision loss, and other visual and neurological disturbances. Hypertension is often present and diagnosis is made with supportive findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. If RPLS is diagnosed, interrupt Iclusig treatment and resume treatment only once the event is resolved and if the benefit of continued treatment outweighs the risk of RPLS.

    5.16 Compromised Wound Healing and Gastrointestinal Perforation

    No formal studies of the effect of Iclusig on wound healing have been conducted. Based on the mechanism of action [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)], Iclusig could compromise wound healing. Serious gastrointestinal perforation (fistula) occurred in one patient 38 days post-cholecystectomy.

    Interrupt Iclusig for at least 1 week prior to major surgery. The decision when to resume Iclusig after surgery should be based on clinical judgment of adequate wound healing.

    5.17 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    Based on its mechanism of action and findings from animal studies, Iclusig can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of ponatinib to pregnant rats during organogenesis caused adverse developmental effects at exposures lower than human exposures at the recommended human dose. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Iclusig and for 3 weeks after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1 ,8.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the prescribing information:

    6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

    Previously Treated CML or Ph+ ALL

    The adverse reactions described in this section were identified in a single-arm, open-label, international, multicenter trial in 449 patients with CML or Ph+ ALL whose disease was considered to be resistant or intolerant to prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy including those with the BCR-ABL T315I mutation.

    All patients received a starting dose of 45 mg Iclusig once daily. Interruptions and dose adjustments to 30 mg once daily or 15 mg once daily were allowed for the management of treatment toxicity. Additionally, after approximately 2 years of follow-up, patients who were still taking a 45 mg daily dose were recommended to undergo a dose reduction, in response to the continued occurrence of arterial occlusive events and venous thromboembolic events in the clinical trial.

    At the time of analysis (48 months of follow-up), 133 patients (30%) were ongoing (110 CP-CML; 20 AP-CML; 3 BP-CML; 0 Ph+ ALL), and the median duration of treatment with Iclusig was 32.2 months in patients with CP-CML, 19.4 months in patients with AP-CML, 2.9 months in patients with BP-CML, and 2.7 months in patients with Ph+ ALL. The median dose intensity in patients with CP-CML was 29 mg /day or 64% of the 45 mg starting dose; median dose intensity was greater in patients with advanced disease patients. Seventy one percent (318/449) of patients experienced a dose interruption of more than three days and 68% (304/449) experienced a dose reduction.

    The most common adverse reactions (≥5%) that led to dose modifications (interruption or dose reduction) include thrombocytopenia (31%), neutropenia (14%), lipase increased (13%), arterial occlusive events (13%), abdominal pain (12%), rash (9%), anemia (6%), pancreatitis (6%), ALT increased (5%) and hypertension (5%).

    At the time of the analysis, 69% of the ongoing patients (92/133 patients) were reported to be receiving 15 mg; with 26% (35/133) and 5% (6/133) of Iclusig-treated patients receiving 30 mg and 45 mg, respectively.

    Adverse reactions reported in more than 10% of all patients treated with Iclusig in this trial are presented in Table 5. Overall, the most common non-hematologic adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were abdominal pain, rash, constipation, headache, dry skin, fatigue, hypertension, pyrexia, arthralgia, nausea, diarrhea, lipase increased, vomiting, myalgia and pain in extremity.

    The rates of treatment-emergent adverse reactions resulting in discontinuation were 19% in CP-CML, 12% in AP-CML, 15% in BP-CML, and 9% in Ph+ ALL. The most common adverse reactions that led to treatment discontinuation was thrombocytopenia (4%).

    Table 5: Adverse Reactions in > 10% of Patients in the Phase 2 Trial (N=449)
    CP-CML
    (N=270)
    AP-CML
    (N=85)
    BP-CML
    (N=62)
    Ph+ ALL
    (N=32)
    Body System Any Grade
    (%)
    Grade 3 / 4
    (%)
    Any Grade
    (%)
    Grade 3 / 4
    (%)
    Any Grade
    (%)
    Grade 3 / 4
    (%)
    Any Grade
    (%)
    Grade 3 / 4
    (%)
    Adverse drug reactions, reported using MedDRA and graded using NCI-CTC-AE v 4.0 (NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) for assessment of toxicity.
    Treatment-emergent, all causality events
    *
    derived from blood pressure (BP) measurement recorded monthly while on trial
    cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular ischemia
    includes cardiac failure, cardiac failure congestive, cardiogenic shock, cardiopulmonary failure, ejection fraction decreased, pulmonary edema, right ventricular failure
    §
    includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain upper, abdominal pain lower, abdominal discomfort
    includes aphthous stomatitis, lip blister, mouth ulceration, oral mucosal eruption, oral pain, oropharyngeal pain, pharyngeal ulceration, stomatitis, tongue ulceration
    #
    includes gastric hemorrhage, gastric ulcer hemorrhage, hemorrhagic gastritis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hematemesis, hematochezia, hemorrhoidal hemorrhage, intra-abdominal hemorrhage, melena, rectal hemorrhage, and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage
    Þ
    includes burning sensation, skin burning sensation, hyperesthesia, hypoesthesia, neuralgia, neuropathy peripheral, paresthesia, peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy, peripheral motor neuropathy, peripheral sensory neuropathy, polyneuropathy, dysgeusia, muscular weakness, gait disturbance, nerve compression, areflexia, hypotonia, restless legs syndrome
    Cardiac or Vascular disorders
      Hypertension * 69 42 74 42 60 23 53 28
      Arterial ischemia 42 17 28 14 11 8 22 6
      Cardiac Failure 8 5 7 5 15 8 6 3
    Gastrointestinal disorders
      Abdominal pain § 48 10 42 9 35 8 34 6
      Constipation 41 3 27 2 27 0 53 3
      Nausea 28 1 31 0 34 2 22 0
      Diarrhea 20 1 29 2 24 3 13 3
      Vomiting 18 2 26 0 27 2 25 0
      Oral mucositis 14 1 19 1 23 0 9 3
      GI hemorrhage # 1 <1 8 1 6 3 9 6
    Blood and lymphatic system disorders
      Febrile neutropenia 1 1 5 5 13 13 25 25
    Infections and infestations
      Sepsis 2 1 4 4 3 0 13 13
      Pneumonia 6 5 13 9 16 11 9 3
      Urinary tract infection 11 2 14 2 2 2 9 0
      Upper respiratory tract infection 14 1 13 0 13 2 3 0
      Nasopharyngitis 12 0 18 0 3 0 3 0
      Cellulitis 3 2 6 2 11 3 0 0
    Nervous system disorders
      Headache 43 3 29 0 31 3 25 0
      Peripheral neuropathy Þ 24 3 14 1 11 0 16 0
      Dizziness 16 0 9 0 5 0 3 0
    Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders
      Pleural effusion 5 2 12 2 13 0 19 3
      Cough 16 0 22 0 19 0 6 0
      Dyspnea 17 3 20 4 19 5 6 0
    Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
      Rash and related conditions 63 4 59 7 39 5 28 3
      Dry skin 42 3 32 1 26 2 25 0
      Pruritus 13 <1 8 0 5 2 0 0
      Erythema 10 1 8 0 8 0 6 0
      Alopecia 7 0 11 0 8 0 6 0
    Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
      Arthralgia 32 3 33 2 19 0 13 0
      Myalgia 24 1 20 0 18 0 6 0
      Pain in extremity 23 3 19 0 13 0 13 0
      Back pain 21 1 14 2 19 2 13 0
      Muscle spasms 14 0 6 0 5 0 13 0
      Bone pain 14 <1 13 1 11 3 9 3
      Musculoskeletal pain 11 2 7 0 8 0 6 3
    General disorders and administration site conditions
      Fatigue or asthenia 47 4 49 8 40 6 34 3
      Pyrexia 26 1 40 7 36 3 25 0
      Edema, peripheral 16 <1 18 0 15 0 25 0
      Pain 10 <1 13 0 16 3 6 0
      Chills 8 0 11 0 13 2 9 0
    Metabolism and nutrition disorders
      Decreased appetite 13 <1 14 1 8 0 31 0
    Investigations
      Weight decreased 10 <1 9 0 5 0 13 0
    Psychiatric disorders
      Insomnia 11 0 13 0 11 0 13 0
    Table 6: Serious Adverse Reactions Occurring in > 2% of Patients from the Phase 2 Trial (N=449)
    System Organ Class N (%)
    Cardiovascular disorders
    *
    includes pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, and ascites
      Arterial Occlusion 99 (22%)
        Cardiac vascular 53 (12%)
        Cerebrovascular 31 (7%)
        Peripheral vascular 34 (8%)
      Venous thromboembolism 22 (5%)
      Hemorrhage 28 (6%)
        CNS hemorrhage 6 (1%)
        Gastrointestinal hemorrhage 11 (2%)
      Heart failure 28(6%)
      Effusions* 15 (3%)
      Atrial fibrillation 18 (4%)
      Hypertension 12 (3%)
    Gastrointestinal disorders
      Pancreatitis 26(6%)
      Abdominal pain 20 (5%)
    Blood and lymphatic system disorders
      Febrile neutropenia 13 (3%)
      Anemia 16(3%)
      Thrombocytopenia 14 (3%)
    Infections
      Pneumonia 32 (7%)
      Sepsis 10 (2%)
    General
      Pyrexia 20 (5%)

    Laboratory Abnormalities

    Myelosuppression was commonly reported in all patient populations. The frequency of grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and anemia was higher in patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL than in patients with CP-CML (see Table 7).

    Table 7: Clinically Relevant Grade 3/4* Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients from the Phase 2 Trial (N=449)
    Laboratory Test CP-CML
    (N=270)
    (%)
    AP-CML
    (N=85)
    (%)
    BP-CML
    (N=62)
    (%)
    Ph+ ALL
    (N=32)
    (%)
    Hematology
    ANC=absolute neutrophil count, Hgb=hemoglobin, WBC=white blood cell count
    *
    Reported using NCI-CTC-AE v 4.0
      Thrombocytopenia (platelet count decreased) 35 49 45 47
      Neutropenia (ANC decreased) 23 52 48 59
      Leukopenia (WBC decreased) 12 36 48 63
      Anemia (Hgb decreased) 8 31 52 34
      Lymphopenia 10 25 32 19
    Table 8: Clinically Relevant Non-Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities
    Laboratory Test Safety Population
    N=449
    Any Grade*
    (%)
    CTCAE Grade 3 / 4
    (%)
    ALT=alanine aminotransferase, AST=aspartate aminotransferase.
    *
    Graded using NCI-CTC-AE v 4.0
    Liver function tests
      ALT increased 41 6
      AST increased 35 4
      Alkaline phosphatase increased 40 2
      Albumin decreased 27 <1
      Bilirubin increased 13 <1
    Pancreatic enzymes
      Lipase increased 38 13
      Amylase increased 18 3
    Chemistry
      Glucose increased 54 7
      Phosphorus decreased 33 10
      Calcium decreased 30 <1
      Sodium decreased 27 5
      Glucose decreased 13 0
      Potassium decreased 18 2
      Potassium increased 19 2
      Sodium increased 10 <1
      Bicarbonate decreased 19 <1
      Creatinine increased 21 <1
      Calcium increased 12 0
      Triglycerides increased 3 <1

    6.2 Postmarketing Experience

    The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Iclusig. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure:

    Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) – also known as Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome - PRES)

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  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Drugs That Are Strong Inhibitors of CYP3A Enzymes

    Based on in vitro studies, ponatinib is a substrate of CYP3A and to a lesser extent CYP2C8 and CYP2D6. In a drug interaction study in healthy volunteers, co-administration of Iclusig with ketoconazole increased plasma ponatinib AUC0-inf and Cmax by 78% and 47%, respectively [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. When administering Iclusig with strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., boceprevir, clarithromycin, conivaptan, grapefruit juice, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, lopinavir/ritonavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, telithromycin, voriconazole), the recommended starting dose should be reduced [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. Patients taking concomitant strong CYP3A inhibitors may be at increased risk for adverse reactions [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.2 Drugs That Are Strong Inducers of CYP3A Enzymes

    Coadministration of strong CYP3A inducers (e.g., carbamazepine, phenytoin, rifampin, and St. John's Wort) with Iclusig should be avoided unless the benefit outweighs the risk of decreased ponatinib exposure. Monitor patients for reduced efficacy. Selection of concomitant medication with no or minimal CYP3A induction potential is recommended. In a drug interaction study in healthy volunteers, co-administration of Iclusig following multiple doses of rifampin resulted in decreased ponatinib AUC0-inf and Cmax values by 62% and 42%, respectively [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.3 Drugs That Elevate Gastric pH

    Iclusig may be co-administered with gastric pH-elevating medications. In a drug interaction study in healthy volunteers, co-administration of Iclusig following multiple doses of lansoprazole resulted in a minimal (6%) decrease in ponatinib exposure [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.4 Drugs that are Substrates of the P-gp or ABCG2 Transporter Systems

    Ponatinib inhibits the P-glycoprotein (P-gp), ATP-binding cassette G2 (ABCG2) [also known as BCRP], and bile salt export pump (BSEP) transporter systems in vitro [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    Based on its mechanism of action and findings in animals, Iclusig can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Data]. There are no available data on Iclusig use in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of ponatinib to pregnant rats during organogenesis caused adverse developmental effects at doses lower than human exposures at the recommended human dose [see Data]. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

    All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. The background risk in the U.S. general population of major birth defects is 2-4% and of miscarriage is 15-20% of clinically recognized pregnancies.

    Data

    Animal Data

    Ponatinib was studied for effects on embryo-fetal development in pregnant rats given oral doses of 0.3, 1, and 3 mg/kg/day during organogenesis (25 rats per group). At the maternally toxic dose of 3 mg/kg/day (equivalent to the AUC in patients receiving the recommended dose of 45 mg/day), ponatinib caused embryo-fetal toxicity as shown by increased resorptions, reduced body weight, external alterations, multiple soft tissue and skeletal alterations, and reduced ossification. Embryo-fetal toxicities also were observed at 1 mg/kg/day (approximately 24% the AUC in patients receiving the recommended dose) and involved multiple fetal soft tissue and skeletal alterations, including reduced ossification.

    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There is no data on the presence of ponatinib in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production.

    Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from ponatinib including arterial occlusion, venous thromboembolism, heart failure, and hepatotoxicity, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Iclusig and for 6 days following the last dose.

    8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

    Iclusig can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

    Pregnancy Testing

    Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating Iclusig treatment.

    Contraception

    Females

    Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Iclusig and for 3 weeks after the last dose.

    Infertility

    Based on animal data, ponatinib may impair fertility in females of reproductive potential. It is not known whether these effects on fertility are reversible [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness have not been established in pediatric patients.

    Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data

    A juvenile toxicity study in 15-day-old rats was conducted with daily oral gavage administration of ponatinib at 0.75, 1.5, or 3 mg/kg/day for 21 days. There were no adverse effects of ponatinib on juvenile rat developmental parameters (vaginal opening, preputial separation or bone measurements) observed in this study. Once daily oral administration of 3 mg/kg/day ponatinib to juvenile rats beginning on Day 15 postpartum (pp) resulted in mortality related to inflammatory effects after 6 to 7 days following initiation of treatment. The dose of 3 mg/kg/day is approximately 0.32 times the clinical dose on a mg/m2 basis for a child.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    One hundred and fifty-five of 449 patients (35%) in the clinical trial of Iclusig were 65 years of age and over. In patients with CP-CML, patients of age ≥ 65 years had a lower major cytogenetic response rate (40%) as compared with patients < 65 years of age (65%). In patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL, patients of age ≥ 65 years had a similar hematologic response rate (45%) as compared with patients < 65 years of age (44%). Forty percent of patients ≥ 65 years had arterial occlusion events. Patients of age ≥ 65 years are more likely to experience adverse reactions including vascular occlusion, decreased platelet count, peripheral edema, increased lipase, dyspnea, asthenia, muscle spasms, and decreased appetite. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    Administer Iclusig at a dose of 30 mg once daily in patients with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A, B, or C) [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    In a single-dose (30 mg) pharmacokinetic (PK) study; compared to subjects with normal liver function, no major differences in ponatinib PK were observed in subjects with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A, B, or C). However, there was an increased overall incidence of adverse reactions (e.g., gastrointestinal disorders, including a case of severe pancreatitis) in the subjects with hepatic impairment following the single 30 mg dose compared to subjects with normal liver function. The safety of multiple ponatinib doses, or doses higher than 30 mg have not been studied in patients with hepatic impairment.

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  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    Overdoses with Iclusig were reported in clinical trials. One patient was accidentally administered the entire contents of a bottle of study medication via nasogastric tube. The investigator estimated that the patient received 540 mg of Iclusig. Two hours after the overdose, the patient had an uncorrected QT interval of 520 ms. Subsequent ECGs showed normal sinus rhythm with uncorrected QT intervals of 480 and 400 ms. The patient died 9 days after the overdose from pneumonia and sepsis. Another patient accidentally self-administered 165 mg on cycle 1 day 2. The patient experienced fatigue and non-cardiac chest pain on day 3. Multiple doses of 90 mg per day for 12 days in a patient resulted in pneumonia, systemic inflammatory response, atrial fibrillation, and a moderate pericardial effusion.

    In the event of an overdose of Iclusig, stop Iclusig, observe the patient and provide appropriate supportive treatment.

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Iclusig (ponatinib) is a kinase inhibitor. The chemical name for ponatinib hydrochloride is 3-(imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazin-3-ylethynyl)-4-methyl-N-{4-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl}benzamide hydrochloride. The molecular formula is C29H28ClF3N6O which corresponds to a formula weight of 569.02 g/mol. Its structure is shown below:

    Chemical Structure

    Ponatinib HCl is an off-white to yellow powder with pKa of 2.77 and 7.8. The solubility of ponatinib in pH 1.7, 2.7, and 7.5 buffers is 7790 mcg/ml, 3.44 mcg/ml, and 0.16 mcg/ml, respectively, indicating a decrease in solubility with increasing pH. Iclusig tablets are available as white, round, film-coated tablets for oral administration. Each tablet contains ponatinib hydrochloride equivalent to 15, 30 or 45 mg ponatinib with the following inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate (type B), colloidal silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate and a tablet coating. The tablet coating consists of talc, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, and titanium dioxide.

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Ponatinib is a kinase inhibitor. Ponatinib inhibited the in vitro tyrosine kinase activity of ABL and T315I mutant ABL with IC50 concentrations of 0.4 and 2.0 nM, respectively. Ponatinib inhibited the in vitro activity of additional kinases with IC50 concentrations between 0.1 and 20 nM, including members of the VEGFR, PDGFR, FGFR, EPH receptors and SRC families of kinases, and KIT, RET, TIE2, and FLT3. Ponatinib inhibited the in vitro viability of cells expressing native or mutant BCR-ABL, including T315I. In mice, treatment with ponatinib reduced the size of tumors expressing native or T315I mutant BCR-ABL when compared to controls.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    In a cell-based assay, ponatinib concentrations of 20 nM (10.65 ng/mL) were sufficient to suppress most BCR-ABL mutant clones. However, ponatinib concentrations of 40 nM (21.3 ng/mL) were required to suppress T315I mutants. The median and range of steady-state Cmax and trough (Cmin) concentrations of ponatinib following 29 days of once-daily dosing of 15 mg, 30 mg and 45 mg are listed in Table 10.

    Table 10: Median, Maximum, and Minimum Ponatinib Exposure at Steady-State by Dose Group: PK Evaluable Population
    Dose Median Cmax (Range)
    (nM)
    Median Cmin (Range)
    (nM)
    15 mg QD (n = 8) 49 (23 – 105) 28 (11 – 68)
    30 mg QD (n = 9) 125 (67 – 178) 54 (41 – 89)
    45 mg QD (n = 21) 161 (64 – 336) 67 (22 – 137)

    Concentrations of ponatinib shown in cell-based assays to suppress unmutated BCR-ABL and most mutant BCR-ABL clones may be achieved at once daily dosing of 15 mg or 30 mg.

    The dose intensity-safety relationship indicated that there are significant increases in grade ≥ 3 adverse events (hypertension, thrombocytopenia, pancreatitis, neutropenia, rash, ALT increase, AST increase, lipase increase, myelosuppression) over the dose range of 15 to 45 mg once-daily.

    In vitro, there was no significant inhibition of platelet aggregation with ponatinib at concentrations seen clinically and up to 0.7 µg/mL (1.23 µM).

    Cardiac Electrophysiology

    A QT assessment was performed in 39 patients with cancer who received 30 mg, 45 mg, or 60 mg Iclusig once daily. No large changes in the mean QTc interval (i.e., > 20 msec) from baseline were detected in the study. However, a small increase in the mean QTc interval (i.e., < 10 msec) cannot be excluded because of study design limitations. In a phase 3 trial comparing ponatinib with imatinib, the mean change from baseline to worst QTcF value in ponatinib-treated patients (n=124) was < 10 msec.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    The geometric mean (CV%) Cmax and AUC(0-τ) of Iclusig 45 mg daily at presumed steady state in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies were 73 ng/mL (74%) and 1253 ng∙hr/mL (73%), respectively. Ponatinib administered as an investigational capsule formulation to patients with cancer exhibited approximately dose proportional increases in both Cmax and AUC over the dose range of 15 to 60 mg. A dose intensity safety analysis showed a significant increase in grade 3 or higher adverse reactions (i.e., thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, rash, ALT elevation, AST elevation, pancreatitis, and lipase elevation) with an increase in dose intensity.

    Absorption

    The absolute bioavailability of ponatinib is unknown. Peak concentrations of ponatinib are observed within 6 hours after Iclusig oral administration. Following ingestion of either a high-fat or low-fat meal by 22 healthy volunteers, plasma ponatinib exposures (AUC and Cmax) were not different when compared to fasting conditions.

    Distribution

    Ponatinib is greater than 99% bound to plasma proteins in vitro. There was no plasma protein binding displacement of ponatinib (145 nM) in vitro by other highly protein bound medications (ibuprofen, nifedipine, propranolol, salicylic acid, and warfarin). The geometric mean (CV%) apparent steady state volume of distribution is 1223 liters (102%) following oral administration of Iclusig 45 mg once daily for 28 days in patients with cancer. Ponatinib is a weak substrate for both P-gp and ABCG2 in vitro. Ponatinib is not a substrate for organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP1B1, OATP1B3) and organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1) in vitro.

    Metabolism

    At least 64% of a ponatinib dose undergoes phase I and phase II metabolism. CYP3A4 and to a lesser extent CYP2C8, CYP2D6 and CYP3A5 are involved in the phase I metabolism of ponatinib in vitro. Ponatinib is also metabolized by esterases and/or amidases.

    Elimination

    The geometric mean (range) terminal elimination half-life of ponatinib was approximately 24 (12 to 66) hours following Iclusig 45 mg oral administration once daily for 28 days in patients with cancer. Exposure increased by approximately 90% (median) [range: 20% to 440%] between the first dose and presumed steady state. Ponatinib is mainly eliminated via feces. Following a single oral dose of [14C]-labeled ponatinib, approximately 87% of the radioactive dose is recovered in the feces and approximately 5% in the urine.

    Drug Interactions

    Coadministration of Ponatinib and CYP3A Inhibitors

    Coadministration of a single 15 mg oral dose of ponatinib in the presence of ketoconazole (400 mg daily), a strong CYP3A inhibitor, to 22 healthy volunteers, increased the AUC0-inf and Cmax of ponatinib by 78% and 47%, respectively, when compared to administration of ponatinib alone [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

    Coadministration of Ponatinib and CYP3A Inducers

    Co-administration of a single 45 mg dose of ponatinib in the presence of rifampin (600 mg daily), a strong CYP3A inducer, to 19 healthy volunteers, decreased the AUC0-inf and Cmax of ponatinib by 62% and 42%, respectively, when compared to administration of ponatinib alone [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

    Coadministration With Other CYP Substrates

    In vitro studies indicate that ponatinib does not inhibit the metabolism of substrates for CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A, or CYP2D6 and does not induce the metabolism of substrates for CYP1A2, CYP2B6, or CYP3A.

    Coadministration With Substrates of Transporters

    In vitro, ponatinib is an inhibitor of P-gp and ABCG2, and BSEP [see Drug Interactions (7.4)].

    In vitro, ponatinib did not inhibit the human organic anion transporting polypeptides OATP1B1 or OATP1B3, or the organic cation transporters OCT1, OCT2, OAT1, and OAT3.

    Coadministration of Ponatinib and Gastric pH elevating Medications

    The aqueous solubility of ponatinib is pH dependent, with higher pH resulting in lower solubility [see Description (11)]. Co-administration of a single 45 mg dose of ponatinib in the presence of lansoprazole (60 mg daily), a proton pump inhibitor, to 18 healthy volunteers decreased the AUC0-inf and Cmax of ponatinib by 6% and 25%, respectively, when compared to administration of ponatinib alone [see Drug Interactions (7.3)].

    Pharmacokinetics in Specific Populations

    Hepatic Impairment

    A single 30 mg oral dose of ponatinib was administered to subjects with normal liver function (N=8) and to subjects with mild [Child-Pugh A (N=6)], moderate [Child-Pugh B (N=6)], and severe [Child-Pugh C (N=4)] hepatic impairment. Compared to subjects with normal liver function, there was no trend of increased ponatinib exposure in subjects with hepatic impairment. There was an increased incidence of adverse reactions in patients with hepatic impairment compared to subjects with normal liver function [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

    Renal Impairment

    Iclusig has not been studied in patients with renal impairment. Although renal excretion is not a major route of ponatinib elimination, the potential for moderate or severe renal impairment to affect hepatic elimination has not been determined.

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    In a 2-year carcinogenicity study, male and female rats were administered daily oral doses of ponatinib of 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 mg/kg/day, respectively. Exposures in animals at the highest dose tested were 0.3- to 0.8-fold the human exposure (based on AUC) at doses of 15 and 45 mg daily. Ponatinib induced a statistically significant increase in malignant squamous neoplasms of the clitoral gland in females at 0.8 mg/kg/day.

    Ponatinib was not mutagenic in a bacterial mutagenesis (Ames) assay, was not clastogenic in a chromosome aberration assay in human lymphocytes, nor was it clastogenic in an in vivo mouse micronucleus assay at oral doses up to 2000 mg/kg.

    Ponatinib may impair female fertility. In a fertility study in male and female rats, female fertility parameters were reduced at 1.5 mg/kg/day with exposure equivalent to 0.43 and 1.23 times, of human daily steady state AUC at the recommended dose of 45 mg/day (AUC = 1296 h∙ng/mL) and 15 mg/day (451.8 h∙ng/mL), respectively. Evidence of pre- and post-implantation loss of embryos was observed in female rats. Although there were no effects on male fertility parameters in the rat fertility study, repeat dose toxicology studies in monkeys showed degeneration of epithelium of the testes in monkeys at exposures approximately 3.3 times the plasma drug exposure (AUC) in patients receiving the recommended dose of 45 mg/day.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    The safety and efficacy of Iclusig in patients with CML and Ph+ ALL whose disease was considered to be resistant or intolerant to prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy were evaluated in a single-arm, open-label, international, multicenter trial. Efficacy results described below should be interpreted within the context of updated safety information [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.1), and Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)].

    All patients were administered a starting dose of 45 mg of Iclusig once daily. Patients were assigned to one of six cohorts based on disease phase (chronic phase CML [CP-CML]; accelerated phase CML [AP-CML]; or blast phase CML /Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia [BP-CML/Ph+ ALL]), resistance or intolerance (R/I) to prior TKI therapy, and the presence of the T315I mutation.

    Resistance in CP-CML while on prior TKI therapy, was defined as failure to achieve either a complete hematologic response (by 3 months), a minor cytogenetic response (by 6 months), or a major cytogenetic response (by 12 months). Patients with CP-CML who experienced a loss of response or development of a kinase domain mutation in the absence of a complete cytogenetic response or progression to AP-CML or BP-CML at any time on prior TKI therapy were also considered resistant. Resistance in AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL was defined as failure to achieve either a major hematologic response (by 3 months in AP-CML, and by 1 month in BP-CML and Ph+ ALL), loss of major hematologic response (at any time), or development of a kinase domain mutation in the absence of a complete major hematologic response while on prior TKI therapy.

    Intolerance was defined as the discontinuation of prior TKI therapy due to toxicities despite optimal management in the absence of a complete cytogenetic response in patients with CP-CML or major hematologic response for patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, or Ph+ ALL.

    The primary efficacy endpoint in CP-CML was major cytogenetic response (MCyR), which included complete and partial cytogenetic responses (CCyR and PCyR). The primary efficacy endpoint in AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL was major hematologic response (MaHR), defined as either a complete hematologic response (CHR) or no evidence of leukemia (NEL).

    The trial enrolled 449 patients, of which 444 were eligible for efficacy analysis: 267 patients with CP-CML (R/I Cohort: n=203, T315I: n=64), 83 patients with AP-CML, 62 patients with BP-CML, and 32 patients with Ph+ ALL. Five patients were not eligible for efficacy analysis due to lack of confirmation of T315I mutation status, and these patients had not received prior dasatinib or nilotinib.

    At the time of analysis, the median duration of follow-up for the trial (all cohorts) was 37.3 months (minimum of 48 months of follow-up for all ongoing patients). Baseline demographic characteristics are described in Table 11.

    Table 11: Demographic and Disease Characteristics
    Patient Characteristics at Entry Efficacy Population
    N=444
    *
    Of the patients with one or more BCR-ABL kinase domain mutations detected at entry, 37 unique mutations were detected.
    Age
      Median, years (range) 59 (18 to 94)
    Gender, n (%)
      Male 236 (53%)
    Race, n (%)
      Asian 57 (13%)
      Black or African American 25 (6%)
      White 349 (79%)
      Other 13 (3%)
    ECOG Performance Status, n (%)
      ECOG=0 or 1 409 (92%)
    Disease History
      Median time from diagnosis to first dose, years (range) 6.1 (0.3 to 28.5)
      Resistant to Prior TKI Therapy, n (%) 374 (88%)
      Presence of one or more BCR-ABL kinase domain mutations* 244 (55%)
      Prior TKI therapy– number of prior approved TKIs, n (%)
        1 29 (7%)
        2 166 (37%)
        ≥3 249 (56%)

    At the time of analysis, there were 133 patients ongoing (110 patients with CP-CML; 20 patients with AP-CML; 3 patients with BP-CML; 0 patients with Ph+ ALL), and the median duration of Iclusig treatment was 32.2 months in patients with CP-CML, 19.4 months in patients with AP-CML, 2.9 months in patients with BP-CML and 2.7 months in patients with Ph+ ALL.

    Efficacy results are summarized in Table 12, and Table 13.

    Table 12: Efficacy of Iclusig in Patients With Resistant or Intolerant Chronic Phase CML
    Overall
    (N=267)
    Cohort
    R/I Cohort
    (N=203)
    T315I Cohort
    (N=64)
    *
    Primary endpoint for CP-CML Cohorts was MCyR by 12 months, which combines both complete (no detectable Ph+ cells) and partial (1% to 35% Ph+ cells in at least 20 metaphases) cytogenetic responses.
    Secondary endpoint for CP-CML Cohorts was MMR (proportion of patients who met the criteria for MMR at least once after the initiation of study treatment) measured in peripheral blood. Defined as a ≤0.1% ratio of BCR-ABL to ABL transcripts on the International Scale (IS) (ie, ≤0.1% BCR-ABL IS; patients must have the b2a2/b3a2 (p210) transcript), in peripheral blood measured by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT PCR).
    Cytogenetic Response
      Major * (MCyR)
      % 55% 51% 70%
      (95% CI) (49,62) (44,58) (58,81)
        Complete (CCyR)
        % 46% 40% 66%
        (95% CI) (40,52) (33,47) (53,77)
    Major Molecular Response
    % 39% 34% 58%
    (95% CI) (33,46) (27,40) (45,70)

    In patients with CP-CML who achieved MCyR or MMR, the median time to response was 2.8 months (range: 1.6 to 11.3 months) and 5.5 months (range: 1.8 to 47.4 months), respectively. With a minimum follow-up of 48 months, the median durations of MCyR (range: 2.7 to 50.3+ months) and MMR (range: 1.7 to 50.3+ months) had not yet been reached.

    Table 13: Efficacy of Iclusig in Patients With Resistant or Intolerant Advanced Disease (includes R/I and T315I cohorts)
    AP-CML Overall
    (N=83)
    BP-CML Overall
    (N=62)
    Ph+ ALL Overall
    (N=32)
    *
    Primary endpoint for patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL was MaHR by 6 months, which combines complete hematologic responses and no evidence of leukemia.
    CHR: WBC ≤ institutional ULN, ANC ≥1000/mm 3, platelets ≥100,000/mm 3, no blasts or promyelocytes in peripheral blood, bone marrow blasts ≤5%, <5% myelocytes plus metamyelocytes in peripheral blood, basophils <5% in peripheral blood, No extramedullary involvement (including no hepatomegaly or splenomegaly).
    Hematologic Response
      Major* (MaHR)
      % 57% 31% 41%
      (95% CI) (45,68) (20,44) (24,59)
        Complete (CHR)
        % 51% 21% 34%
        (95% CI) (39-62) (12,33) (19,53)

    The median time to MaHR in patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL was 0.7 months (range: 0.4 to 5.8 months), 1.0 month (range 0.4 to 3.7 months), and 0.7 months (range: 0.4 to 5.5 months), respectively. The median duration of MaHR for patients with AP-CML, BP-CML, and Ph+ ALL was 12.9 months (range: 1.2 to 52+ months), 6.0 months (range: 1.8 to 47.4+ months), and 3.2 months (range: 1.8 to 12.8+ months), respectively.

    Close
  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Iclusig tablets are available in the following configurations:

    Strength NDC Number Description Presentation
    15 mg 76189-535-30 round, white, film-coated tablets with debossed "A5" on one side and plain on the other side 30 tablets in a wide-mouth white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with child resistant closures that incorporate an induction heat seal liner
    76189-535-60 60 tablets in a wide-mouth white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with child resistant closures that incorporate an induction heat seal liner
    76189-535-80 180 tablets in a wide-mouth white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with child resistant closures that incorporate an induction heat seal liner
    30 mg 76189-533-30 round, white, film-coated tablets with debossed "C7" on one side and plain on the other side 30 tablets in a wide-mouth white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with child resistant closures that incorporate an induction heat seal liner
    45 mg 76189-534-30 round, white, film-coated tablets with debossed "AP4" on one side and plain on the other side 30 tablets in a wide-mouth white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with child resistant closures that incorporate an induction heat seal liner
    76189-534-90 90 tablets in a wide-mouth white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with child resistant closures that incorporate an induction heat seal liner

    Store Iclusig tablets at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30° C (59° to 86° F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Keep away from children.

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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Advise the patient to read the FDA-Approved patient labeling (Medication Guide)

    Arterial Occlusions and Venous Thromboembolism

    Inform patients that serious arterial thromboses (including arterial stenosis sometimes requiring revascularization) and venous thromboembolism events have occurred. Advise patients to immediately contact their health care provider with any symptoms suggestive of a blood clot such as chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness on one side of the body, speech problems, leg pain, or leg swelling [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)].

    Heart Failure and Cardiac Arrhythmias

    Inform patients of the possibility of heart failure, and abnormally slow or fast heart rates. Advise patients to contact their health care provider if they experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, dizziness, or fainting [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3, 5.11)].

    Hepatotoxicity

    Inform patients of the possibility of developing liver function abnormalities and serious hepatic toxicity. Advise patients to immediately contact their health care provider if signs of liver failure occur, including jaundice, anorexia, bleeding or bruising [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    Hypertension

    Inform patients of the possibility of new or worsening of existing hypertension. Advise patients to contact their health care provider for elevated blood pressure or if symptoms of hypertension occur including confusion, headache, dizziness, chest pain, or shortness of breath [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

    Pancreatitis

    Inform patients of the possibility of developing pancreatitis that may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or abdominal discomfort, and to promptly report these symptoms [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

    Neuropathy

    Inform patients of the possibility of developing peripheral or cranial neuropathy while being treated with Iclusig. Advise patients to report symptoms of neuropathy, such as hypoesthesia, hyperesthesia, paresthesia, discomfort, a burning sensation, neuropathic pain, or weakness [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

    Ocular Toxicity

    Inform patients of the possibility of ocular toxicity while being treated with Iclusig. Advise patients to report symptoms of ocular toxicity, such as blurred vision, dry eye, or eye pain [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)].

    Hemorrhage

    Inform patients of the possibility of serious bleeding and to immediately contact their health care provider with any signs or symptoms suggestive of hemorrhage such as unusual bleeding or easy bruising [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].

    Fluid Retention

    Inform patients of the possibility of developing fluid retention and to contact their health care provider for symptoms such as leg swelling, abdominal swelling, weight gain, or shortness of breath [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].

    Myelosuppression

    Inform patients of the possibility of developing low blood cell counts; inform patients to report immediately should fever develop, particularly in association with any suggestion of infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)].

    Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)

    Inform patients of the possibility of developing Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome while being treated with Iclusig. Advise patients to report symptoms such as seizure, headache, decreased alertness, altered mental functioning, vision loss, and other visual and neurological disturbances [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)].

    Compromised Wound Healing and Gastrointestinal Perforation

    Advise patients to inform their health care provider if they plan to undergo a surgical procedure or had recent surgery [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)].

    Inform patients that cases of gastrointestinal perforation have been reported [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)].

    Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Iclusig and for 3 weeks after the last dose. Advise females to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.17) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

    Lactation

    Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Iclusig and for 6 days after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

    Infertility

    Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential for reduced fertility from Iclusig [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3) and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

    Instructions for Taking Iclusig

    Advise patients to take Iclusig exactly as prescribed and not to change their dose or to stop taking Iclusig unless they are told to do so by their health care provider. Iclusig may be taken with or without food. Iclusig tablets should be swallowed whole. Patients should not crush or dissolve the tablets.

    Patients should not take two doses at the same time to make up for a missed dose.

    Lactose

    Inform patients that Iclusig contains 121 mg of lactose monohydrate in a 45 mg daily dose.

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Manufactured for:
    ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    125 Binney Street
    Cambridge, MA 02142

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  • MEDICATION GUIDE

    MEDICATION GUIDE
    ICLUSIG® (eye-CLUE-sig)
    (ponatinib)
    tablets
    This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Revised: 11 2016
    What is the most important information I should know about Iclusig?
    Iclusig can cause serious side effects, including:
    Blood clots or blockage in your blood vessels (arteries and veins).
    Blood clots or blockage in your blood vessels may lead to heart attack, stroke, or death. A blood clot or blockage in your blood vessels can prevent proper blood flow to your heart, brain, bowels (intestines), legs, eyes, and other parts of your body. You may need emergency surgery or treatment in a hospital. Get medical help right away if you get any of the following symptoms:
    • chest pain or pressure
    • pain in your arms, legs, back, neck or jaw
    • shortness of breath
    • numbness or weakness on one side of your body
    • leg swelling
    • trouble talking
    • headache
    • dizziness
    • severe stomach area pain
    • decreased vision or loss of vision
    Blood clots or blockage in your blood vessels can happen in people with or without risk factors for heart and blood vessel disease, including people 50 years of age or younger. The most common risk factors for these problems are a history of high blood pressure (hypertension), high levels of fat in the blood (hyperlipidemia), and heart disease. Blood clots or blockages in your blood vessels happen more often in people as they get older, and in people with a past history of decreased blood flow, high blood pressure, diabetes, or high levels of fats in the blood.
    Heart problems. Iclusig can cause heart problems, including heart failure which can be serious and may lead to death. Heart failure means your heart does not pump blood well enough. Iclusig can also cause irregular slow or fast heartbeats and heart attack. Your healthcare provider will check you for heart problems during your treatment with Iclusig. Get medical help right away if you get any of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, chest pain, fast or irregular heartbeats, dizziness, or feel faint.
    Liver problems. Iclusig can cause liver problems, including liver failure, which can be severe and may lead to death. Your healthcare provider will do blood tests before and during your treatment with Iclusig to check for liver problems. Get medical help right away if you get any of these symptoms of liver problems during treatment:
    • yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes (jaundice)
    • dark "tea-colored" urine
    • sleepiness
    • loss of appetite
    • bleeding or bruising
    See "What are the possible side effects of Iclusig?" for information about side effects.
    What is Iclusig?
    Iclusig is a prescription medicine used to treat adults who have:
    • chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) who cannot receive any other tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) medicines
    • a specific type of abnormal gene (T315I-positive) chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase CML, or T315I-positive Ph+ ALL
    Iclusig is not for use to treat people with newly diagnosed chronic phase CML.
    It is not known if Iclusig is safe and effective in children less than 18 years of age.
    What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking Iclusig?
    Before you take Iclusig, tell your healthcare provider if you:
    • have a history of blood clots in your blood vessels (arteries or veins)
    • have heart problems, including heart failure, irregular heartbeats, and QT prolongation
    • have diabetes
    • have a history of high cholesterol
    • have liver problems
    • have had inflammation of your pancreas (pancreatitis)
    • have high blood pressure
    • have bleeding problems
    • plan to have any surgical procedures
    • are lactose (milk sugar) intolerant. Iclusig tablets contain lactose.
    • drink grapefruit juice
    • have any other medical conditions
    • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Iclusig can harm your unborn baby.
      • Your healthcare provider will do a pregnancy test before you start taking Iclusig.
      • You should not become pregnant during treatment with Iclusig.
      • For females who can become pregnant :
        • Use an effective form of birth control during treatment and for 3 weeks after your last dose of Iclusig.
        • Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you might be pregnant during treatment with Iclusig.
        • Iclusig may affect your ability to have children. Tell your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.
    • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Iclusig passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment and for 6 days after your last dose of Iclusig.
    Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription medicines and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Iclusig and other medicines may affect each other causing side effects.
    Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
    How should I take Iclusig?
    • Take Iclusig exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
    • Swallow Iclusig tablets whole. Do not crush or dissolve Iclusig tablets.
    • You may take Iclusig with or without food.
    • If you miss a dose of Iclusig, take your next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time to make up for a missed dose.
    • If you take too much Iclusig, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
    What are the possible side effects of Iclusig?
    Iclusig may cause serious side effects, including:
    • See "What is the most important information I should know about Iclusig?"
    • High blood pressure. Your blood pressure should be checked regularly and any high blood pressure should be treated while you are taking Iclusig. Tell your healthcare provider if you get confusion, headaches, dizziness, chest pain or shortness of breath.
    • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). Symptoms include sudden stomach-area pain, nausea, and vomiting. Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check for pancreatitis during treatment with Iclusig.
    • Neuropathy. Iclusig may cause damage to the nerves in your arms, brain, hands, legs, or feet (neuropathy). Tell your healthcare provider if you get any of these symptoms during treatment with Iclusig:
    • muscle weakness, tingling, burning, pain, and loss of feeling in your hands and feet
    • double vision and other problems with eyesight, trouble moving the eye, drooping of part of the face, sagging or drooping eyelids, change in taste
    • Effects on the eye. Serious eye problems that can lead to blindness or blurred vision may happen with Iclusig. Tell your healthcare provider if you get any of the following symptoms: bleeding in the eye, perceived flashes of light, light sensitivity, floaters, dry inflamed, swollen, or itchy eyes, and eye pain. Your healthcare provider will monitor your vision before and during your treatment with Iclusig.
    • Severe bleeding. Iclusig can cause bleeding which can be serious and may lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider if you get any signs of bleeding during treatment with Iclusig including:
    • vomiting blood or if your vomit looks like coffee-grounds
    • pink or brown urine
    • red or black (looks like tar) stools
    • coughing up blood or blood clots
    • unusual bleeding or bruising of your skin
    • menstrual bleeding that is heavier than normal
    • unusual vaginal bleeding
    • nose bleeds that happen often
    • drowsiness or difficulty being awakened
    • confusion
    • headache
    • change in speech
    • Fluid retention. Your body may hold too much fluid (fluid retention). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these symptoms during treatment with Iclusig:
    • swelling of your hands, ankles, feet, face, or all over your body
    • weight gain
    • shortness of breath and cough
    • Irregular heartbeat. Iclusig may cause an irregular heartbeat. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you experience loss of consciousness, fainting, dizziness, chest pain, palpitations.
    • Low blood cell counts. Iclusig may cause low blood cell counts. Your healthcare provider will check your blood counts regularly during treatment with Iclusig. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a fever or any signs of an infection while taking Iclusig.
    • Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by a fast breakdown of cancer cells. TLS can cause you to have:
    • kidney failure and the need for dialysis treatment
    • an abnormal heartbeat
      Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check for TLS.
    • Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS). Iclusig may trigger a condition called RPLS. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get headaches, seizures, confusion, changes in vision, problems thinking.
    • Possible wound healing problems. If you need to have a surgical procedure, tell your healthcare provider that you are taking Iclusig. You should stop taking Iclusig at least 1 week before any planned surgery.
    • A tear in your stomach or intestinal wall (perforation). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get:
    • severe pain in your stomach-area (abdomen)
    • swelling of the abdomen
    • high fever
    The most common side effects of Iclusig include:
    • stomach-area (abdomen) pain
    • skin rash
    • constipation
    • headache
    • dry skin
    • tiredness
    • high blood pressure
    • fever
    • joint pain
    • nausea
    • diarrhea
    • increase of a serum protein known as lipase
    • vomiting
    • muscle pain
    • pain in arms, hands, legs, and feet
    Your healthcare provider may change your dose, temporarily stop, or permanently stop treatment with Iclusig if you have certain side effects.
    Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
    These are not all of the possible side effects of Iclusig. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to 1-800-FDA-1088.
    How should I store Iclusig?
    Store Iclusig at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
    Keep Iclusig and all medicines out of the reach of children.
    General information about the safe and effective use of Iclusig
    Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use Iclusig for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Iclusig to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about Iclusig that is written for health professionals.
    For more information, go to www.iclusig.com or call 1-855-552-7423.
    What are the ingredients in Iclusig?
    Active ingredient:
    ponatinib
    Inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate (type B), colloidal silicon dioxide and magnesium stearate. The tablet coating consists of talc, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol and titanium dioxide.
    Manufactured for: ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 125 Binney Street Cambridge, MA 02142
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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 15 mg Bottle Label

    NDC 76189-535-80

    ICLUSIG®
    (ponatinib) tablets

    15 mg
    Rx only

    Each tablet contains ponatinib HCl
    equivalent to 15 mg ponatinib

    Dispense Attached Medication Guide

    180 Tablets
    ARIAD®

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 15 mg Bottle Label
    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 45 mg Bottle Label

    NDC 76189-534-90

    ICLUSIG®
    (ponatinib) tablets

    45 mg
    Rx only

    Each tablet contains ponatinib HCl
    equivalent to 45 mg ponatinib

    Dispense Attached Medication Guide

    90 Tablets
    ARIAD®

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 45 mg Bottle Label
    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 30 mg Tablet Bottle Label

    NDC 76189-533-30

    ICLUSIG®
    (ponatinib) tablets

    30 mg
    Rx only

    Each tablet contains ponatinib HCl
    equivalent to 30 mg ponatinib

    Dispense Attached Medication Guide

    30 Tablets
    ARIAD®

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 30 mg Tablet Bottle Label
    Close
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    ICLUSIG 
    ponatinib hydrochloride tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:76189-535
    Route of Administration ORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ponatinib hydrochloride (UNII: 96R6PU3D8J) (ponatinib - UNII:4340891KFS) ponatinib 15 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    lactose monohydrate (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)  
    microcrystalline cellulose (UNII: OP1R32D61U)  
    sodium starch glycolate type B potato (UNII: 27NA468985)  
    silicon dioxide (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    magnesium stearate (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 6mm
    Flavor Imprint Code A5
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:76189-535-60 60 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 12/14/2012
    2 NDC:76189-535-80 180 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 12/14/2012
    3 NDC:76189-535-30 30 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 12/14/2012
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA203469 12/14/2012
    ICLUSIG 
    ponatinib hydrochloride tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:76189-534
    Route of Administration ORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ponatinib hydrochloride (UNII: 96R6PU3D8J) (ponatinib - UNII:4340891KFS) ponatinib 45 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    lactose monohydrate (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)  
    microcrystalline cellulose (UNII: OP1R32D61U)  
    sodium starch glycolate type B potato (UNII: 27NA468985)  
    silicon dioxide (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    magnesium stearate (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code AP4
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:76189-534-30 30 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 12/14/2012
    2 NDC:76189-534-90 90 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 12/14/2012
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA203469 12/14/2012
    ICLUSIG 
    ponatinib hydrochloride tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:76189-533
    Route of Administration ORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ponatinib hydrochloride (UNII: 96R6PU3D8J) (ponatinib - UNII:4340891KFS) ponatinib 30 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    lactose monohydrate (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)  
    microcrystalline cellulose (UNII: OP1R32D61U)  
    sodium starch glycolate type B potato (UNII: 27NA468985)  
    silicon dioxide (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    magnesium stearate (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 8mm
    Flavor Imprint Code C7
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:76189-533-30 30 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 04/22/2015
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA203469 04/22/2015
    Labeler - ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (786227231)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Ash Stevens Inc. 049265333 ANALYSIS(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533) , API MANUFACTURE(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Metrics Inc. 867220261 ANALYSIS(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Micron Technologies 015966157 ANALYSIS(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Catalent Pharma Solutions 014167995 ANALYSIS(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Boehringer Ingelheim Roxane, Inc. 058839929 ANALYSIS(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533) , MANUFACTURE(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533) , PACK(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Sharp Corporation 143696495 PACK(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533) , LABEL(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Haupt Pharma Amareg GmbH 331334909 ANALYSIS(76189-535, 76189-534, 76189-533)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Patheon 240769596 ANALYSIS(76189-533, 76189-534, 76189-535) , MANUFACTURE(76189-533, 76189-534, 76189-535) , PACK(76189-533, 76189-534, 76189-535)
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