Label: DESONIDE cream
- NDC Code(s): 51672-1280-1, 51672-1280-3, 51672-1281-1, 51672-1281-3
- Packager: Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc.
- Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
Updated January 31, 2023
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- SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION
Desonide Cream, 0.05% and Desonide Ointment, 0.05% contain desonide (Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione,11,21-dihydroxy-16,17-[(1-methylethylidene)bis(oxy)]-,(11β,16α-)) a synthetic corticosteroid for topical dermatologic use. The corticosteroids constitute a class of primary synthetic steroids used topically as anti-inflammatory and antipruritic agents.
Chemically, desonide, the active ingredient in Desonide Cream, 0.05% and Desonide Ointment, 0.05%, is C24H32O6. It has the following structural formula:
The molecular weight of desonide is 416.51. It is a white to off-white odorless powder which is soluble in methanol and practically insoluble in water.
Each gram of Desonide Cream, 0.05% contains 0.5 milligram of desonide in a compatible vehicle buffered to the pH range of normal skin. It contains aluminum acetate basic, cetearyl alcohol/sodium lauryl sulfate/sodium cetearyl sulfate, glycerin, mineral oil, purified water, white petrolatum and white wax. It is preserved with methylparaben.
Each gram of Desonide Ointment, 0.05% contains 0.5 milligram of desonide in an ointment base consisting of mineral oil and white petrolatum. It is a smooth, uniform petrolatum-type ointment.
Like other topical corticosteroids, desonide has anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive properties. The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical steroids, in general, is unclear. However corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins, collectively called lipocortins. It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.
The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors, including the vehicle and the integrity of the epidermal barrier. Occlusive dressings with hydrocortisone for up to 24 hours have not been demonstrated to increase penetration; however, occlusion of hydrocortisone for 96 hours markedly enhances penetration. Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin may increase percutaneous absorption.
Studies performed with desonide cream, 0.05% and desonide ointment, 0.05% indicate that they are in the low range of potency as compared with other topical corticosteroids.
- INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment. Manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria can also be produced in some patients by systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids while on treatment.
Patients applying a topical steroid to a large surface area or to areas under occlusion should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression. This may be done by using the ACTH stimulation, A.M. plasma cortisol, and urinary free cortisol tests. Patients receiving superpotent corticosteroids should not be treated for more than two weeks at a time and only small areas should be treated at any one time due to the increased risk of HPA suppressions.
One of ten patients treated for one week under occlusion (30% of body surface) with desonide cream, 0.05% developed HPA axis suppression as determined by metapyrone testing. No specific studies relevant to potential HPA suppression have been conducted with desonide ointment, 0.05%.
If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent corticosteroid. Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt upon discontinuation of topical corticosteroids. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency may occur requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids. For information on systemic supplementation, see prescribing information for those products.
Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity from equivalent doses due to their larger skin surface to body mass ratios (See PRECAUTIONS - Pediatric Use).
If irritation develops, desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05% should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing a failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation as with most topical products not containing corticosteroids. Such an observation should be corroborated with appropriate diagnostic patch testing.
If concomitant skin infections are present or develop, an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be used. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, use of desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05% should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.
Desonide cream, 0.05% and desonide ointment, 0.05% should not be used in the presence of infection at the treatment site, hypersensitivity to corticosteroids, or pre-existing skin atrophy.
Desonide cream, 0.05% and desonide ointment, 0.05% should not be used in the eyes.
FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY.
Information for Patients
Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:
- This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes.
- This medication should not be used for any disorder other than that for which it was prescribed.
- The treated skin area should not be bandaged, or otherwise covered or wrapped, so as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
- Patients should report to their physician any signs of local adverse reactions.
The following tests may be helpful in evaluating patients for HPA axis suppression:
- ACTH stimulation test
- A.M. plasma cortisol test
- Urinary free cortisol test
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic, mutagenic, or fertility impairment potential of desonide cream, 0.05% and desonide ointment, 0.05%.
Corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. Some corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application in laboratory animals. Animal reproductive studies have not been conducted with desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05%. It is also not known whether desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05% can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05% should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05% is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of HPA axis suppression and Cushing's syndrome when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are therefore also at greater risk of adrenal insufficiency during or after withdrawal of treatment.
Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in infants and children.
HPA axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome, linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include low plasma cortisol levels and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.
In controlled clinical trials, the total incidence of adverse reactions associated with the use of desonide cream, 0.05% was approximately 1% and desonide ointment, 0.05% was approximately 6%. The adverse reactions for desonide cream, 0.05% were pruritus, pain, folliculitis, rash, peripheral edema, pustular rash, sweating, erythema, irritation, and burning. Laboratory abnormalities were found in 3% of the patients. These were hyperglycemia (2%) and liver function abnormality (1%). The adverse reactions for desonide ointment, 0.05% were erythema, induration, pruritus, irritation, oiliness, and peripheral edema.
The following additional local adverse reactions have been reported infrequently with topical corticosteroids, and they may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings and higher potency corticosteroids. These reactions are listed in approximate decreasing order of occurrence: dryness, folliculitis, acneiform eruptions, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infection, skin atrophy, striae, miliaria, burning and hypopigmentation.
Topically applied desonide cream, 0.05% and desonide ointment, 0.05% can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (see PRECAUTIONS).
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Desonide cream, 0.05% or desonide ointment, 0.05% should be applied to the affected area as a thin film two to four times daily depending on the severity of the condition.
As with other corticosteroids, therapy should be discontinued when control is achieved. If no improvement is seen within two weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary.
Desonide cream, 0.05% and desonide ointment, 0.05% should not be used with occlusive dressings.
- HOW SUPPLIED
- SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION
- PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 15 g Cream Tube Carton
- PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 15 g Ointment Tube Carton
INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
Product Information Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:51672-1280 Route of Administration TOPICAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength Desonide (UNII: J280872D1O) (Desonide - UNII:J280872D1O) Desonide 0.5 mg in 1 g Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength aluminum subacetate (UNII: FGL8577C9S) cetostearyl alcohol (UNII: 2DMT128M1S) sodium lauryl sulfate (UNII: 368GB5141J) sodium cetostearyl sulfate (UNII: 7ZBS06BH4B) glycerin (UNII: PDC6A3C0OX) methylparaben (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T) mineral oil (UNII: T5L8T28FGP) water (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) petrolatum (UNII: 4T6H12BN9U) white wax (UNII: 7G1J5DA97F) Product Characteristics Color WHITE Score Shape Size Flavor Imprint Code Contains Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:51672-1280-1 1 in 1 CARTON 06/30/1992 1 15 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 2 NDC:51672-1280-3 1 in 1 CARTON 06/30/1992 2 60 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date ANDA ANDA073548 06/30/1992 DESONIDE
Product Information Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:51672-1281 Route of Administration TOPICAL Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength Desonide (UNII: J280872D1O) (Desonide - UNII:J280872D1O) Desonide 0.5 mg in 1 g Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength mineral oil (UNII: T5L8T28FGP) petrolatum (UNII: 4T6H12BN9U) Product Characteristics Color WHITE Score Shape Size Flavor Imprint Code Contains Packaging # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date 1 NDC:51672-1281-1 1 in 1 CARTON 08/03/1994 1 15 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 2 NDC:51672-1281-3 1 in 1 CARTON 08/03/1994 2 60 g in 1 TUBE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date ANDA ANDA074254 08/03/1994 Labeler - Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. (145186370) Establishment Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations Taro Pharmaceuticals Inc. 206263295 MANUFACTURE(51672-1280, 51672-1281) Establishment Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. 600072078 MANUFACTURE(51672-1280, 51672-1281)