Label: FUSILEV- levoleucovorin injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
FUSILEV- levoleucovorin injection, solution

  • NDC Code(s): 72893-009-01, 72893-013-01, 72893-014-01
  • Packager: Acrotech Biopharma LLC
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated November 24, 2020

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Fusilev safely and effectively.  See full prescribing information for Fusilev.

    Fusilev® (levoleucovorin) for injection, for intravenous use
    Fusilev® (levoleucovorin) injection, for intravenous use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 1952 (d,l-leucovorin)

    RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

    Indications and Usage (1)                                                             01/2020
    Dosage and Administration (2)                                                    11/2020
    Contraindications (4)                                                                     01/2020
    Warnings and Precautions (5)                                                     01/2020

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Fusilev is a folate analog indicated for:
    • Rescue after high-dose methotrexate therapy in adult and pediatric patients with osteosarcoma. (1)
    • Diminishing the toxicity associated with overdosage of folic acid antagonists or impaired methotrexate elimination in adult and pediatric patients. (1)
    • Treatment of adults with metastatic colorectal cancer in combination with fluorouracil. (1)
    Limitations of Use:
    Fusilev is not indicated for the treatment of pernicious anemia and megaloblastic anemia secondary to lack of vitamin B12, because of the risk of progression of neurologic manifestations despite hematologic remission. (1)


    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    For intravenous administration only. Do not administer intrathecally. (2.1)
    Rescue After High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy
    • Rescue recommendations are based on methotrexate dose of 12 grams/m2 administered by intravenous infusion over 4 hours. Initiate rescue at a dose of 7.5 mg (approximately 5 mg/m2) every 6 hours, 24 hours after the beginning of methotrexate infusion. (2.2)
    • Continue until the methotrexate level is below 5 x 10-8 M (0.05 micromolar). Adjust dose if necessary based on methotrexate elimination; refer to Full Prescribing Information. (2.2)
    Overdosage of Folic Acid Antagonists or Impaired Methotrexate Elimination
    • Start as soon as possible after methotrexate overdosage or within 24 hours of delayed methotrexate elimination. (2.3)
    • Administer Fusilev 7.5 mg (approximately 5 mg/m2) intravenously every 6 hours until methotrexate level is less than 5 x 10-8 M (0.05 micromolar). (2.3)
    Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Combination with Fluorouracil
    • The following regimens have been used for the treatment of colorectal cancer:
        o Fusilev 100 mg/m2 by intravenous injection over a minimum of 3 minutes, followed by fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 once daily for 5 consecutive days.(2.4)
        o Fusilev 10 mg/m2 by intravenous injection followed by  fluorouracil 425 mg/m2 once daily for 5 consecutive days. (2.4)
    • Administer Fluorouracil and Fusilev separately to avoid the formation of precipitate.

    • The above five-day courses may be repeated every 4 weeks for 2 courses, then every 4 to 5 weeks, if the patient has recovered from toxicity from the prior course.
    • Do not adjust Fusilev dosage for toxicity. (2.5)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    • For Injection: 50 mg of levoleucovorin as a lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial for reconstitution (3)
    • Injection: 175 mg/17.5 mL (10 mg/mL) or 250 mg/25 mL (10 mg/mL) in a single-dose vial

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Patients who have had severe hypersensitivity reactions to leucovorin products, folic acid or folinic acid. (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Hypercalcemia: Due to calcium content, inject no more than 16 mL (160 mg) of  levoleucovorin solution intravenously per minute. (5.1)
    • Increased Gastrointestinal Toxicities with Fluorouracil: Do not initiate or continue therapy with Fusilev and fluorouracil in patients with symptoms of gastrointestinal toxicity until symptoms have resolved. Monitor patients with diarrhea until it has resolved as rapid deterioration leading to death can occur. (5.2,7)
    • Drug Interaction with Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole: Increased rates of treatment failure and morbidity with concomitant use of d,l-leucovorin with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in patients with HIV. (5.3)


    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    • The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients receiving high-dose methotrexate therapy with Fusilev rescue are stomatitis and vomiting. (6.1)
    • The most common adverse reactions (>50%) in patients receiving Fusilev in combination with fluorouracil for metastatic colorectal cancer are stomatitis, diarrhea, and nausea (6.1)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Acrotech Biopharma LLC at 1-877-387-4538 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch


    Revised: 11/2020

  • Table of Contents
  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Fusilev is indicated for:
    • rescue after high-dose methotrexate therapy in adult and pediatric patients with osteosarcoma.
    • diminishing the toxicity associated with overdosage of folic acid antagonists or impaired methotrexate elimination in adult and pediatric patients.
    • the treatment of adults with metastatic colorectal cancer in combination with fluorouracil.

    Limitations of Use
    Fusilev is not indicated for pernicious anemia and megaloblastic anemia secondary to the lack of vitamin B12, because of the risk of progression of neurologic manifestations despite hematologic remission.

  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Important Use Information

    Fusilev is indicated for intravenous administration only. Do not administer intrathecally.

    2.2 Co-adminstration of Fusilev with other agents

    Due to the risk of precipitation, do not co-administer Fusilev with other agents in the same admixture.

    2.3 Recommended Dosage for Rescue After High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy

    The recommended dosage for Fusilev is based on a methotrexate dose of 12 grams/m2 administered by intravenous infusion over 4 hours. Twenty-four hours after starting the methotrexate infusion, initiate Fusilev at a dose of 7.5 mg (approximately 5 mg/m2) as an intravenous infusion every 6 hours.
    Monitor serum creatinine and methotrexate levels at least once daily. Continue Fusilev administration, hydration, and urinary alkalinization (pH of 7 or greater) until the methotrexate level is below 5 x 10-8 M (0.05 micromolar). Adjust the Fusilev dose or extend the duration as recommended in Table 1.

    Table 1 Recommended Dosage for Fusilev based on Serum Methotrexate and Creatinine Levels
    Clinical Situation
    Laboratory Findings
    Recommendation
    Normal Methotrexate Elimination
    Serum methotrexate level approximately 10 micromolar at 24 hours after administration, 1 micromolar at 48 hours, and less than 0.2 micromolar at 72 hours
    Administer 7.5 mg by intravenous infusion every 6 hours for 60 hours (10 doses starting at 24 hours after start of methotrexate infusion).
    Delayed Late Methotrexate Elimination
    Serum methotrexate level remaining above 0.2 micromolar at 72 hours, and more than 0.05 micromolar at 96 hours after administration.
    Continue 7.5 mg by intravenous infusion every 6 hours, until methotrexate level is less than 0.05 micromolar.
    Delayed Early Methotrexate Elimination and/or Evidence of Acute Renal Injury*
    Serum methotrexate level of 50 micromolar or more at 24 hours, or 5 micromolar or more at 48 hours after administration,
    OR
    100% or greater increase in serum creatinine level at 24 hours after methotrexate administration (e.g., an increase from 0.5 mg/dL to a level of 1 mg/dL or more).
    Administer 75 mg by intravenous infusion every 3 hours until methotrexate level is less than 1 micromolar; then 7.5 mg by intravenous infusion every 3 hours until methotrexate level is less than 0.05 micromolar.

    *These patients are likely to develop reversible renal failure. In addition to appropriate Fusilev therapy, continue hydration and urinary alkalinization and monitoring fluid and electrolyte status, until the serum methotrexate level has fallen to below 0.05 micromolar and the renal failure has resolved.

    Impaired Methotrexate Elimination or Renal Impairment
    Decreased methotrexate elimination or renal impairment which are clinically important but less severe than the abnormalities described in Table 1 can occur following methotrexate administration. If toxicity associated with methotrexate is observed, in subsequent courses extend Fusilev rescue for an additional 24 hours (total of 14 doses over 84 hours).

    Third-Space Fluid Collection and Other Causes of Delayed Methotrexate Elimination
    Accumulation in a third space fluid collection (i.e., ascites, pleural effusion), renal insufficiency, or inadequate hydration can delay methotrexate elimination. Under such circumstances, higher doses of Fusilev or prolonged administration may be indicated.

    2.4 Recommended Dosage for Overdosage of Folic Acid Antagonists or Impaired Methotrexate Elimination

    Start Fusilev as soon as possible after an overdosage of methotrexate or within 24 hours of methotrexate administration when methotrexate elimination is impaired. As the time interval between methotrexate administration and Fusilev increases, the effectiveness of Fusilev to diminish methotrexate toxicity may decrease. Administer Fusilev 7.5 mg (approximately 5 mg/m2 ) by intravenous infusion every 6 hours until the serum methotrexate level is less than 5 x 10-8  M (0.05 micromolar).

    Monitor serum creatinine and methotrexate levels at least every 24 hours. Increase the dosage of Fusilev to 50 mg/m2 intravenously every 3 hours and continue Fusilev at this dosage until the methotrexate level is less than 5 x 10-8 M for the following:

    • if serum creatinine at 24-hours increases 50% or more compared to baseline
    • if the methotrexate level at 24-hours is greater than 5 x 10-6 M
    • if the methotrexate level at 48-hours is greater than 9 x 10-7 M,

    Continue concomitant hydration (3 L per day) and urinary alkalinization with sodium bicarbonate. Adjust the sodium bicarbonate dose to maintain urine pH at 7 or greater.

    2.5 Dosage in Combination with Fluorouracil for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    The following regimens have been used for the treatment of colorectal cancer:

    • Fusilev 100 mg/m2 by intravenous injection over a minimum of 3 minutes, followed by fluorouracil at 370 mg/m2 by intravenous injection, once daily for 5 consecutive days.
    • Fusilev 10 mg/m2 by intravenous injection, followed by fluorouracil 425 mg/m2 by intravenous injection, once daily for 5 consecutive days.


    Administer Fluorouracil and Fusilev separately to avoid the formation of a precipitate.


    This five-day course may be repeated every 4 weeks for 2 courses, then every 4 to 5 weeks, if the patient has recovered from the toxicity from the prior course. Do not adjust Fusilev dosage for toxicity.

    Refer to fluorouracil prescribing information for information on fluorouracil dosage and dosage modifications for adverse reactions.

    2.6 Preparation for Administration

    Fusilev for Injection
    • Prior to intravenous injection, reconstitute the 50 mg vial of Fusilev for Injection with 5.3 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP to yield a levoleucovorin concentration of 10 mg per mL. Reconstitution with Sodium Chloride solutions with preservatives (e.g. benzyl alcohol) has not been studied. The use of solutions other than 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP is not recommended.
    • The reconstituted 10 mg per mL levoleucovorin contains no preservative. Observe strict aseptic technique during reconstitution of the drug product. Discard unused portion.
    • Saline reconstituted levoleucovorin solutions may be further diluted, immediately, to concentrations of 0.5 mg/mL to 5 mg/mL in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP. Do not store the reconstituted product or reconstituted product dilutedusing 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP for more than 12 hours at room temperature. Do not store reconstituted product diluted using 5% Dextrose Injection, USP for more than 4 hours at room temperature.
    • Visually inspect the reconstituted solution for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Do not use if cloudiness or precipitate is observed.
    • Do not intravenously inject more than 16 mL of reconstituted solutions (160 mg of levoleucovorin) per minute, because of the calcium content of the levoleucovorin solution.

    Fusilev Injection
    • Levoleucovorin contains no preservative. Observe strict aseptic technique during reconstitution of the drug product. Discard unused portion.
    • Levoleucovorin solutions may be further diluted to concentrations of 0.5 mg/mL in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP. Do not store the product diluted using 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP for more than 4 hours at room temperature.
    • Visually inspect the diluted solution for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Do not use if cloudiness or precipitate is observed.
    • Inject no more than 16 mL of Fusilev Injection (160 mg of levoleucovorin) intravenously per minute, because of the calcium content of the levoleucovorin solution.

  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    • For Injection: 50 mg of levoleucovorin as a sterile white to pale yellow lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial for reconstitution.
    • Injection: 175 mg/17.5 mL (10 mg/mL) or 250 mg/25 mL (10 mg/mL) of levoleucovorin sterile colorless to faint yellow solution in a single-dose vial.


  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Fusilev is contraindicated in patients who have had severe hypersensitivity to leucovorin products, folic acid or folinic acid [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Hypercalcemia

    Because of the calcium content of the levoleucovorin solution, inject no more than 16 mL (160 mg of levoleucovorin) intravenously per minute.

    5.2 Increased Gastrointestinal Toxicities with Fluorouracil

    Leucovorin products increase the toxicities of fluorouracil [see Drug Interactions (7)]. Gastrointestinal toxicities, including stomatitis and diarrhea, occur more commonly and may be of greater severity and of prolonged duration. Deaths from severe enterocolitis, diarrhea, and dehydration have occurred in elderly patients receiving weekly d,l-leucovorin and fluorouracil.

    Monitor patients for gastrointestinal toxicities.   Do not initiate or continue therapy with Fusilev and fluorouracil in patients with symptoms of gastrointestinal toxicity until those symptoms have resolved. Monitor patients with diarrhea until resolved, as rapid deterioration leading to death can occur.

    5.3 Drug Interaction with Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole

    The concomitant use of d,l-leucovorin with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for the acute treatment of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in patients with HIV infection was associated with increased rates of treatment failure and morbidity [see Drug Interactions (7)].

  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:
    • Hypercalcemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
    • Increased gastrointestinal toxicities with fluorouracil [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]


    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy
    Table 2 presents the frequency of adverse reactions which occurred during the administration of 58 courses of high-dose methotrexate 12 grams/m2 followed by Fusilev rescue for osteosarcoma in 16 patients aged 6 to 21 years. Most patients received Fusilev 7.5 mg every 6 hours for 60 hours or longer, beginning 24 hours after completion of methotrexate administration.

    Table 2 Adverse Reactions with High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy
    Adverse Reactions
    Fusilev
    n=16

     All Grades (%)
    Grade 3-4 (%)
    Gastrointestinal  
    Stomatitis
    38
    6
    Vomiting
    38
    0
    Nausea
    19
    0
    Diarrhea
    6
    0
    Dyspepsia
    6
    0
    Typhlitis
    6
    6
    Respiratory
    Dyspnea
    6
    0
    Skin and Appendages
    Dermatitis
    6
    0
    Other
    Confusion
    6
    0
    Neuropathy
    6
    0
    Renal function abnormal
    6
    0
    Taste perversion
    6
    0

    Combination with Fluorouracil in Colorectal Cancer
    Table 3 presents the frequency of adverse reaction which occurred in 2 arms of a randomized controlled trial conducted by the North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The trial failed to show superior overall survival with fluorouracil + levoleucovorin compared to fluorouracil + d,l-leucovorin. Patients were randomized to fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 intravenously and levoleucovorin 100 mg/m2 intravenously, both daily for 5 days, or to fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 intravenously and d,l-leucovorin 200 mg/m2 intravenously, both daily for 5 days. Treatment was repeated week 4 and week 8, and then every 5 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

    Table 3 Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 10% of Patients in Either Arm

    Adverse Reaction
    Levoleucovorin/fluorouracil
    n=318
    d,l-Leucovorin/fluorouracil
    n=307

    Grades 1-4
    (%)
    Grades 3-4
    (%)
    Grades 1-4
    (%)
    Grades 3-4
    (%)
    Gastrointestinal Disorders
    Stomatitis
    72
    12
    72
    14
    Diarrhea
    70
    19
    65
    17
    Nausea
    62
    8
    61
    8
    Vomiting
    40
    5
    37
    6
    Abdominal Pain1
    14
    3
    19
    3
    General Disorders
     
     
     
     
    Asthenia/Fatigue/Malaise
    29
    5
    32
    11
    Skin Disorders
     
     
     
     
    Dermatitis
    29
    1
    28
    1
    Alopecia
    26
    0.3
    28
    1
    Metabolism and Nutrition




    Anorexia/Decreased Appetite
    24
    4
    25
    2

    1Includes abdominal pain, upper abdominal pain, lower abdominal pain, and abdominal tenderness

    6.2 Postmarketing Experience

    The following adverse reaction have been identified during postapproval use of levoleucovorin products. Because these reactions are reported from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
    Dermatologic: pruritus, rash
    Respiratory: dyspnea
    Other: temperature change, rigors, allergic reactions

  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Effects of Leucovorin Products on Other Drugs

    Antiepileptic Drugs
    Folic acid in large amounts may counteract the antiepileptic effect of phenobarbital, phenytoin and primidone and increase the frequency of seizures in susceptible children. It is not known whether folinic acid has the same effects; however, both folic and folinic acids share some common metabolic pathways. Monitor patients taking folinic acid in combination with antiepileptic drugs.

    Fluorouracil
    Leucovorin products increase the toxicity of fluorouracil. Do not initiate or continue therapy with Fusilev and fluorouracil in patients with symptoms of gastrointestinal toxicity until those symptoms have resolved. Monitor patients with diarrhea until the diarrhea has resolved, as rapid deterioration leading to death can occur [see Warningsand Precautions (5.2)].

    Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
    The concomitant use of d,l-leucovorin with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for the acute treatment of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in patients with HIV infection was associated with increased rates of treatment failure and morbidity in a placebo-controlled study [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].


  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    There are limited data with Fusilev use in pregnant women. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with levoleucovorin.

    Levoleucovorin is administered in combination with methotrexate or fluorouracil, which can cause embryo-fetal harm. Refer to methotrexate and fluorouracil prescribing information for additional information.

    In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.


    8.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There are no data on the presence of levoleucovorin in human milk or its effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production.

    Levoleucovorin is administered in combination with methotrexate or fluorouracil. Refer to methotrexate and fluorouracil prescribing information for additional information.


    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of Fusilev have been established in pediatric patients for rescue after high-dose methotrexate therapy in osteosarcoma and diminishing the toxicity associated with overdosage of folic acid antagonists or impaired methotrexate elimination. Use of levoleucovorin in pediatric patients is supported by open-label clinical trial data in 16 pediatric patients 6 years of age and older, with additional supporting evidence from literature [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    The safety and effectiveness of Fusilev have not been established for the treatment of pediatric patients with advanced metastatic colorectal cancer.


    8.5 Geriatric Use


    • Clinical studies of Fusilev in the treatment of osteosarcoma did not include patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. 
    • In the NCCTG clinical trial of Fusilev in combination with fluorouracil for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer, no overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between patients age 65 years and older and younger patients.
  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Levoleucovorin is a folate analog and the pharmacologically active levo-isomer of d,l-leucovorin. The chemical name of levoleucovorin calcium is calcium (6S)-N-{4-[[(2-amino-5-formyl-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl] amino]benzoyl}-L-glutamate pentahydrate. The molecular formula is C20H21CaN7O7 .5H2O and the molecular weight is 601.6. The molecular structure  is:

    Molecular Formula

    Fusilev (levoleucovorin) for injection, for intravenous use is supplied as a sterile white to pale yellow lyophilized powder consisting of 50 mg levoleucovorin (equivalent to 64 mg levoleucovorin calcium pentahydrate) and 50 mg mannitol per 50 mg single-dose vial. Sodium hydroxide and/or hydrocholoric acid are used to adjust the pH.

    Fusilev (levoleucovorin) injection, for intravenous use is supplied as a sterile colorless to faint yellow solution of either 175 mg levoleucovorin in 17.5 mL or 250 mg levoleucovorin in 25 mL per single-dose vial. Each mL contains 10 mg levoleucovorin (equivalent to x mg levoleucovorin calcium pentahydrate) and 8.3 mg sodium chloride. Sodium hydroxide is used for pH adjustment to pH 8.0 (6.5 to 8.5).

  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy

    Levoleucovorin is the pharmacologically active isomer of 5-formyl tetrahydrofolic acid. Levoleucovorin does not require reduction by the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase in order to participate in reactions utilizing folates as a source of “one-carbon” moieties. Administration of levoleucovorin counteracts the therapeutic and toxic effects of folic acid antagonists such as methotrexate, which act by inhibiting dihydrofolate reductase.

    Combination with Fluorouracil in Colorectal Cancer

    Levoleucovorin enhances the therapeutic and toxic effects of fluorouracil. Fluorouracil is metabolized to 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate (FdUMP), which binds to and inhibits thymidylate synthase (an enzyme important in DNA repair and replication). Levoleucovorin is converted to another reduced folate, 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate, which acts to stabilize the binding of FdUMP to thymidylate synthase and thereby enhancing the inhibition of thymidylate synthase.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    The pharmacokinetics of levoleucovorin after intravenous administration of a 15 mg dose was studied in healthy subjects. The mean maximum serum total tetrahydrofolate (total-THF) concentrations was 1722 ng/mL (CV 39%) and the mean maximum serum (6S)-5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate concentrations was 275 ng/mL (CV 18%) observed around 0.9 hours post injection.

    Distribution

    Exploratory studies show that small quantities of systemically administered leucovorin enter the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), primarily as its major metabolite 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHFA). In humans, the CSF levels of 5-MTHFA remain 1-3 orders of magnitude lower than the usual methotrexate concentrations following intrathecal administration.

    Elimination

    The mean terminal half-life was 5.1 hours for total-THF and 6.8 hours for (6S)-5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate.

    Drug Interaction Studies

    The mean dose-normalized steady-state plasma concentrations for both levoleucovorin and 5-methyl-THF were comparable whether fluorouracil (370 mg/m2/day as an intravenous bolus) was given in combination with levoleucovorin (250 mg/m2 and 1000 mg/m2 as a continuous intravenous infusion for 5.5 days) or with d,l-leucovorin (500 mg/m2 as a continuous intravenous infusion for 5.5 days).


  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    No studies have been conducted to evaluate the potential of levoleucovorin for carcinogenesis, mutagenesis and impairment of fertility.

  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Rescue after High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy in Patients with Osteosarcoma

    The efficacy of levoleucovorin rescue following high-dose methotrexate was evaluated in 16 patients aged 6 to 21 years who received 58 courses of therapy for osteogenic sarcoma. High-dose methotrexate was one component of several different combination chemotherapy regimens evaluated across several trials. Methotrexate 12 grams/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 4 hours was administered to 13 patients, who received Fusilev 7.5 mg by intravenous infusion every 6 hours for 60 hours or longer beginning 24 hours after completion of methotrexate. Three patients received methotrexate 12.5 grams/m2 intravenously over 6 hours, followed by Fusilev 7.5 mg by intravenous infusion every 3 hours for 18 doses beginning 12 hours after completion of methotrexate. The mean number of Fusilev doses per course was 18.2 and the mean total dose per course was 350 mg. The efficacy of Fusilev rescue following high-dose methotrexate was based on the adverse reaction profile [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    14.2 Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    In a randomized clinical study conducted by Mayo Clinic and North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer comparing d,l leucovorin 200 mg/m2 and fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 versus d,l leucovorin 20 mg/m2 and fluorouracil 425 mg/m2 versus fluorouracil 500 mg/m2, with all drugs administered by intravenous infusion daily for 5 days every 28 to 35 days, response rates were 26% (p=0.04 versus fluorouracil alone), 43% (p=0.001 versus fluorouracil alone) and 10%, respectively. Respective median survival times were 12.2 months (p=0.037), 12 months (p=0.050), and 7.7 months. The low dose d,l leucovorin regimen was associated with a statistically significant improvement in weight gain of more than 5%, relief of symptoms, and improvement in performance status. The high dose d,l leucovorin regimen was associated with a statistically significant improvement in performance status and trended toward improvement in weight gain and in relief of symptoms but these were not statistically significant.

    In a second randomized clinical study conducted by Mayo Clinic and NCCTG, the fluorouracil alone arm was replaced by a regimen of sequentially administered methotrexate , fluorouracil, and d,l leucovorin. Response rates with d,l leucovorin  200 mg/m2 and fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 versus d,l leucovorin  20 mg/m2 and fluorouracil 425 mg/m2 versus sequential methotrexate and fluorouracil and d,l leucovorin  were respectively 31% (p≤0.01), 42% (p≤0.01), and 14%. Respective median survival times were 12.7 months (p≤0.04), 12.7 months (p≤0.01), and 8.4 months. There was no statistically significant difference in weight gain of more than 5% or in improvement in performance status was seen between the treatment arms.

    A randomized controlled trial conducted by NCCTG in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer failed to show superiority of a regimen of fluorouracil + levoleucovorin to fluorouracil + d,l-leucovorin in overall survival. Patients were randomized to fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 intravenously and levoleucovorin 100 mg/m2  intravenously, both daily for 5 days, or to fluorouracil 370 mg/m2 intravenously and  d,l-leucovorin 200 mg/m2 intravenously, both daily for 5 days. Treatment was repeated week 4 and week 8, and then every 5 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.


  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Fusilev for Injection

    Fusilev (levoleucovorin) for injection is a sterile white to pale yellow lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial available as:
    50 mg vial   – NDC 72893-009-01
    Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F) in carton until contents are used. Excursions permitted from 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light.

    Fusilev Injection

    Fusilev (levoleucovorin) injection is a sterile colorless to faint yellow solution in a single-dose vial available as:
    175 mg/17.5 mL solution  – NDC 72893-013-01
    250 mg/25 mL solution   – NDC 72893-014-01
    Store in refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Protect from light. Store in carton until contents are used.

    Manufactured for Acrotech Biopharma LLC.
    East Windsor, NJ 08520
    Fusilev® is a registered trademark of Acrotech Biopharma LLC.

  • 18. Principal Display Panel

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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    FUSILEV 
    levoleucovorin injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:72893-009
    Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    LEVOLEUCOVORIN CALCIUM (UNII: 778XL6VBS8) (LEVOLEUCOVORIN - UNII:990S25980Y) LEVOLEUCOVORIN50 mg  in 5 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)  
    MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A) 50 mg  in 5 mL
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:72893-009-011 in 1 CARTON08/15/2008
    15 mL in 1 VIAL; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    NDANDA02014008/15/2008
    FUSILEV 
    levoleucovorin injection, solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:72893-013
    Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    LEVOLEUCOVORIN CALCIUM (UNII: 778XL6VBS8) (LEVOLEUCOVORIN - UNII:990S25980Y) LEVOLEUCOVORIN10 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) 1 mL  in 1 mL
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) 8.3 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:72893-013-011 in 1 CARTON09/15/2011
    117.5 mL in 1 VIAL; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    NDANDA02014009/15/2011
    FUSILEV 
    levoleucovorin injection, solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC:72893-014
    Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    LEVOLEUCOVORIN CALCIUM (UNII: 778XL6VBS8) (LEVOLEUCOVORIN - UNII:990S25980Y) LEVOLEUCOVORIN10 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R) 1 mL  in 1 mL
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) 8.3 mg  in 1 mL
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC:72893-014-011 in 1 CARTON09/15/2011
    125 mL in 1 VIAL; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    NDANDA02014009/15/2011
    Labeler - Acrotech Biopharma LLC (116965616)
    Registrant - Acrotech Biopharma LLC (116965616)
    Establishment
    NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
    Cangene BioPharma, LLC050783398MANUFACTURE(72893-009, 72893-013, 72893-014)