ERYTHROMYCIN - erythromycin gel
Glades Pharmaceuticals, LLC
----------Erythromycin Topical Gel USP, 2%
Erythromycin Topical Gel USP contains 2% erythromycin, USP, (20 mg/g) in a vehicle consisting of 95% (w/w) alcohol (denatured with tert-butyl alcohol and denatonium benzoate), and hydroxypropyl cellulose. Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces erythraeus and is represented by the following structural formula.
Its molecular weight is 733.94 and its molecular formula is C37H67NO13.
The exact mechanism by which erythromycin reduces lesions of acne vulgaris is not fully known; however, the effect appears to be due in part to the antibacterial activity of the drug.
Erythromycin appears to inhibit protein synthesis in susceptible organisms by reversibly binding to ribosomal subunits, thereby inhibiting translocation of aminoacyl transfer-RNA and inhibiting polypeptide synthesis. Antagonism has been demonstrated between erythromycin, lincomycin, chloramphenicol, and clindamycin.
Erythromycin Topical Gel is indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris.
Erythromycin Topical Gel is contraindicated in those individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to any of its components.
For topical use only; not for ophthalmic use. Concomitant topical acne therapy should be used with caution since a possible cumulative irritancy effect may occur, especially with the use of peeling, desquamating or abrasive agents.
Avoid contact with eyes and all mucous membranes. The use of antibiotic agents may be associated with the overgrowth of antibiotic-resistant organisms. If this occurs, discontinue use and take appropriate measures.
Animal studies to evaluate carcinogenic and mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility have not been performed with erythromycin.
There was no evidence of teratogenicity or any other adverse effect on reproduction in female rats fed erythromycin base (up to 0.25% of diet) prior to and during mating, during gestation and through weaning of two successive litters. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used in pregnancy only if clearly needed.
Erythromycin has been reported to cross the placental barrier in humans, but fetal plasma levels are generally low.
It is not known whether topically applied erythromycin is excreted in human milk. A decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established.
The most common adverse reaction reported with erythromycin topical gel was burning. The following have been reported occasionally: peeling, dryness, itching, erythema, and oiliness. Irritation of the eyes and tenderness of the skin have also been reported with the topical use of erythromycin. A generalized urticarial reaction, possibly related to the use of erythromycin, which required systemic steroid therapy has been reported.
Apply a thin film to affected area(s) twice a day, in the morning and the evening after the skin is thoroughly washed with soap and warm water and patted dry. The hands should be washed after application. If there has been no improvement after 6 to 8 weeks, or if the condition becomes worse, treatment should be discontinued, and the physician should be reconsulted.
Erythromycin Topical Gel USP, 2% is supplied in sealed metal tubes in the following sizes:
30 g - NDC 59366-2462-3
60 g - NDC 59366-2462-5
NOTE: FLAMMABLE. KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT AND FLAME. Keep tube tightly closed. Store at controlled room temperature, 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).
Stiefel Laboratories, Inc., Coral Gables, FL 33134
for Glades Pharmaceuticals, LLC, Coral Gables, FL 33134
86590 Rev. 0505
|Marketing Category||Application Number or Monograph Citation||Marketing Start Date||Marketing End Date|
|Unapproved drug other||12/31/2009||01/01/2010|
|Labeler - Glades Pharmaceuticals, LLC (067604736)|