17.2 FDA-Approved Medication GuideMedication Guide
Escitalopram Tablets USP
Read the Medication Guide that comes with escitalopram tablets before you start taking them and each time you get a refill.
There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your
medical condition or treatment. Talk with your healthcare provider if there is something you do not understand or want to
learn more about.
What is the most important information I should know about escitalopram tablets?
Escitalopram tablets and other antidepressant medicines may cause serious side effects, including:
1. Suicidal thoughts or actions:
- Escitalopram tablets and other antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, or young adults within the first few months of treatment or when the dose is changed.
- Depression or other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts or actions.
- Watch for these changes and call your healthcare provider right away if you notice:
- New or sudden changes in mood, behavior, actions, thoughts, or feelings, especially if severe.
- Pay particular attention to such changes when escitalopram tablets are started or when the dose is changed.
Keep all follow-up visits with your healthcare provider and call between visits if you are worried about symptoms.
Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms, or call 911 if an emergency, especially
if they are new, worse, or worry you:
Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms, or call 911 if an emergency. Escitalopram
tablets may be associated with these serious side effects:
- attempts to commit suicide
- acting on dangerous impulses
- acting aggressive or violent
- thoughts about suicide or dying
- new or worse depression
- new or worse anxiety or panic attacks
- feeling agitated, restless, angry or irritable
- trouble sleeping
- an increase in activity or talking more than what is normal for you
- other unusual changes in behavior or mood
2. Serotonin Syndrome. This condition can be life-threatening and may include:
- agitation, hallucinations, coma or other changes in mental status
- coordination problems or muscle twitching (overactive reflexes)
- racing heartbeat, high or low blood pressure
- sweating or fever
- nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- muscle rigidity
3. Severe allergic reactions:
4. Abnormal bleeding:
- trouble breathing
- swelling of the face, tongue, eyes or mouth
- rash, itchy welts (hives) or blisters, alone or with fever or joint pain
Escitalopram tablets and other antidepressant medicines may increase your risk of bleeding or bruising, especially if you
take the blood thinner warfarin (Coumadin®
), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs, like ibuprofen or naproxen), or aspirin.
5. Seizures or convulsions
6. Manic episodes:
7. Changes in appetite or weight.
- greatly increased energy
- severe trouble sleeping
- racing thoughts
- reckless behavior
- unusually grand ideas
- excessive happiness or irritability
- talking more or faster than usual
Children and adolescents should have height and weight monitored during treatment.
8. Low salt (sodium) levels in the blood.
Elderly people may be at greater risk for this. Symptoms may include:
- weakness or feeling unsteady
- confusion, problems concentrating or thinking or memory problems
Do not stop escitalopram tablets without first talking to your healthcare provider. Stopping escitalopram tablets too quickly may cause serious symptoms including:
What are escitalopram tablets?
- anxiety, irritability, high or low mood, feeling restless or changes in sleep habits
- headache, sweating, nausea, dizziness
- electric shock-like sensations, shaking, confusion
Escitalopram tablets are a prescription medicine used to treat depression. It is important to talk with your healthcare provider
about the risks of treating depression and also the risks of not treating it. You should discuss all treatment choices with
your healthcare provider. Escitalopram tablets are also
used to treat:
- Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Talk to your healthcare provider if you do not think that your condition is getting better with escitalopram tablets treatment.
Who should not take escitalopram tablets?
Do not take escitalopram tablets if you:
- are allergic to escitalopram oxalate or citalopram hydrobromide or any of the ingredients in escitalopram tablets. See the
end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in escitalopram tablets.
- If you take a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if you take
an MAOI, including the antibiotic linezolid.
- Do not take an MAOI within 2 weeks of stopping escitalopram tablets unless directed to do so by your physician.
- Do not start escitalopram tablets if you stopped taking an MAOI in the last 2 weeks unless directed to do so by your physician.
People who take escitalopram tablets close in time to an MAOI may have serious or even life-threatening side effects. Get medical help right away if you have any
of these symptoms:
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking escitalopram tablets? Ask if you are not sure.
- high fever
- uncontrolled muscle spasms
- stiff muscles
- rapid changes in heart rate or blood pressure
- loss of consciousness (pass out)
- take the antipsychotic medicine pimozide (Orap®) because taking this drug with escitalopram tablets can cause serious heart problems.
Before starting escitalopram tablets, tell your healthcare provider if you:
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines that you take,
- Are taking certain drugs such as:
- Triptans used to treat migraine headache
- Medicines used to treat mood, anxiety, psychotic or thought disorders, including tricyclics, lithium, SSRIs, SNRIs, or antipsychotics
- Over-the-counter supplements such as tryptophan or St. John’s Wort
- have liver problems
- have kidney problems
- have heart problems
- have or had seizures or convulsions
- have bipolar disorder or mania
- have low sodium levels in your blood
- have a history of a stroke
- have high blood pressure
- have or had bleeding problems
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if escitalopram tablets will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your
healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of treating depression during pregnancy
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Some escitalopram oxalate may pass into your breast milk. Talk to your healthcare
provider about the best way to feed your baby while taking escitalopram tablets.
including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Escitalopram tablets and some medicines
may interact with each other, may not work as well, or may cause serious side effects.
Your healthcare provider or pharmacist can tell you if it is safe to take escitalopram tablets with your other medicines.
Do not start or stop any medicine while taking escitalopram tablets without talking to your healthcare provider first.
How should I take escitalopram tablets?
If you take escitalopram tablets, you should not take any other medicines that contain escitalopram oxalate or citalopram
hydrobromide including: Celexa.
- Take escitalopram tablets exactly as prescribed. Your healthcare provider may need to change the dose of escitalopram tablets
until it is the right dose for you.
- Escitalopram tablets may be taken with or without food.
- If you miss a dose of escitalopram tablets, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next
dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of escitalopram tablets at the
- If you take too much escitalopram oxalate, call your healthcare provider or poison control center right away, or get emergency
What should I avoid while taking escitalopram tablets?
Escitalopram tablets can cause sleepiness or may affect your ability to make decisions, think clearly, or react quickly. You
should not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how escitalopram tablets affect
you. Do not drink alcohol while using escitalopram tablets.What are the possible side effects of escitalopram tablets?Escitalopram tablets may cause serious side effects, including all
of those described in the section entitled “What is the most important information I should know about escitalopram tablets?”
Common possible side effects in people who take escitalopram tablets include:
- Feeling anxious
- Trouble sleeping
- Sexual problems
- Not feeling hungry
- Dry mouth
Other side effects in children and adolescents include:
- increased thirst
- abnormal increase in muscle movement or agitation
- nose bleed
- difficult urination
- heavy menstrual periods
- possible slowed growth rate and weight change. Your child's height and weight should be monitored during treatment with escitalopram
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the
possible side effects of escitalopram tablets. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
CALL YOUR DOCTOR FOR MEDICAL ADVICE ABOUT SIDE EFFECTS. YOU MAY REPORT SIDE EFFECTS TO THE FDA AT 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store escitalopram tablets?
Keep escitalopram tablets and all medicines out of the reach of children.
- Store escitalopram tablets at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).
- Keep escitalopram tablets bottle closed tightly.
General information about escitalopram tablets
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use escitalopram tablets
for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give escitalopram tablets to other people, even if they have the same
condition. They may harm them.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about escitalopram tablets. If you would like more information,
talk with your healthcare provider. You may ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about escitalopram
tablets that is written for healthcare professionals.
For more information about escitalopram tablets call 1-866-850-2876.
What are the ingredients in escitalopram tablets?
Active ingredient: escitalopram oxalate
Inactive ingredients: butylated hydroxyl anisole, butylated hydroxy toluene, colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium,
magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, silicified microcrystalline cellulose, and talc. The film coating contains
hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400, and titanium dioxide.
Coumadin® is a registered trademark of Bristol Myers Squibb.
Jantoven® is a registered trademark of Upsher-Smith Laboratories Inc.
Orap® is a registered trademark of Teva Pharmaceuticals USA.
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Manufactured for:Aurobindo Pharma USA, Inc.
2400 Route 130 North
Dayton, NJ 08810
Manufactured by:Aurobindo Pharma Limited
Hyderabad-500 072, India