LEVOFLOXACIN- levofloxacin tablet, film coated
Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Read this Medication Guide before you start taking levofloxacin tablets and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.
What is the most important information I should know about levofloxacin tablets?
Levofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, can cause serious side effects. Some of these serious side effects could result in death.
If you have any of the following serious side effects while you take levofloxacin tablets, get medical help right away. Talk with your healthcare provider about whether you should continue to take levofloxacin tablets.
1. Tendon rupture or swelling of the tendon (tendinitis).
• Tendon problems can happen in people of all ages who take levofloxacin. Tendons are tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones.
Some tendon problems include pain, swelling, tears, and inflammation of tendons including the back of the ankle (Achilles), shoulder, hand, or other tendon sites.
• The risk of getting tendon problems while you take levofloxacin is higher if you:
ο are over 60 years of age
ο are taking steroids (corticosteroids)
ο have had a kidney, heart or lung transplant.
• Tendon problems can happen in people who do not have the above risk factors when they take levofloxacin.
• Other reasons that can increase your risk of tendon problems can include:
ο physical activity or exercise
ο kidney failure
ο tendon problems in the past, such as in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
• Call your healthcare provider right away at the first sign of tendon pain, swelling or inflammation. Stop taking levofloxacin tablets until tendinitis or tendon rupture has been ruled out by your healthcare provider. Avoid exercise and using the affected area.
The most common area of pain and swelling is the Achilles tendon at the back of your ankle. This can also happen with other tendons. Talk to your healthcare provider about the risk of tendon rupture with continued use of levofloxacin tablets. You may need a different antibiotic that is not a fluoroquinolone to treat your infection.
• Tendon rupture can happen while you are taking or after you have finished taking levofloxacin tablets. Tendon ruptures have happened up to several months after people have finished taking their fluoroquinolone.
• Get medical help right away if you get any of the following signs or symptoms of a tendon rupture:
ο hear or feel a snap or pop in a tendon area
ο bruising right after an injury in a tendon area
ο unable to move the affected area or bear weight
2. Worsening of myasthenia gravis (a problem that causes muscle weakness). Fluoroquinolones like levofloxacin may cause worsening of myasthenia gravis symptoms, including muscle weakness and breathing problems. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any worsening muscle weakness or breathing problems.
• See "What are the possible side effects of levofloxacin tablets?"
Levofloxacin tablet is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic medicine used in adults age 18 years or older to treat certain infections caused by certain germs called bacteria. These bacterial infections include:
Levofloxacin is also used to treat children who are 6 months of age or older and may have breathed in anthrax germs, have plague, or been exposed to plague germs.
It is not known if levofloxacin is safe and effective in children under 6 months of age.
The safety and effectiveness in children treated with levofloxacin for more than 14 days is not known.
Who should not take levofloxacin tablets?
Do not take levofloxacin tablets if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to an antibiotic known as a fluoroquinolone, or if you are allergic to levofloxacin or any of the ingredients in levofloxacin tablets. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in levofloxacin tablets.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking levofloxacin tablets?
Before you take levofloxacin tablets, tell your healthcare provider if you:
Levofloxacin tablets and other medicines can affect each other causing side effects.
Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
• a steroid medicine
• an anti-psychotic medicine
• a tricyclic antidepressant
• a water pill (diuretic)
• certain medicines may keep levofloxacin from working correctly. Take levofloxacin tablets either 2 hours before or 2 hours after taking these medicines or supplements:
ο an antacid, multivitamin, or other medicines or supplements that have magnesium, aluminum, iron, or zinc
ο sucralfate (Carafate®)
ο didanosine (Videx®,Videx® EC)
• a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven)
• an oral anti-diabetes medicine or insulin
• an NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug). Many common medicines for pain relief are NSAIDs. Taking an NSAID while you take levofloxacin or other fluoroquinolones may increase your risk of central nervous system effects and seizures.
• theophylline (Theo-24®, Elixophyllin®, Theochron®, Uniphyl®, Theolair®)
• a medicine to control your heart rate or rhythm (antiarrhythmics)
Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure if any of your medicines are listed above.
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
• Take levofloxacin tablets exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
• Take levofloxacin tablets at about the same time each day.
• Drink plenty of fluids while you take levofloxacin tablets.
• Levofloxacin tablets can be taken with or without food.
• If you miss a dose of levofloxacin tablets, take it as soon as you remember. Do not take more than 1 dose in 1 day.
• Do not skip any doses of levofloxacin tablets or stop taking it, even if you begin to feel better, until you finish your prescribed treatment unless:
ο you have tendon problems. See "What is the most important information I should know about levofloxacin tablets?".
ο you have a serious allergic reaction. See "What are the possible side effects of levofloxacin tablets?".
ο your healthcare provider tells you to stop taking levofloxacin tablets.
Taking all of your levofloxacin tablet doses will help make sure that all of the bacteria are killed. Taking all of your levofloxacin tablet doses will help you lower the chance that the bacteria will become resistant to levofloxacin. If your infection does not get better while you take levofloxacin tablets, it may mean that the bacteria causing your infection may be resistant to levofloxacin. If your infection does not get better, call your healthcare provider. If your infection does not get better, levofloxacin tablets and other similar antibiotic medicines may not work for you in the future.
• If you take too many levofloxacin tablets, call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away.
What should I avoid while taking levofloxacin tablets?
Levofloxacin tablets can cause serious side effects, including:
• See "What is the most important information I should know about levofloxacin tablets?"
• Serious allergic reactions.
Allergic reactions can happen in people taking fluoroquinolones, including levofloxacin, even after only 1 dose. Stop taking levofloxacin tablets and get emergency medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms of a severe allergic reaction:
ο trouble breathing or swallowing
ο swelling of the lips, tongue, face
ο throat tightness, hoarseness
ο rapid heartbeat
ο skin rash
Skin rash may happen in people taking levofloxacin tablets, even after only 1 dose. Stop taking levofloxacin tablets at the first sign of a skin rash and call your healthcare provider. Skin rash may be a sign of a more serious reaction to levofloxacin.
• Liver damage (hepatotoxicity): Hepatotoxicity can happen in people who take levofloxacin tablets. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have unexplained symptoms such as:
|ο nausea or vomiting
||ο unusual tiredness
|ο stomach pain
||ο loss of appetite
||ο light colored bowel movements
||ο dark colored urine
|ο abdominal pain or tenderness
||ο yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes
Stop taking levofloxacin tablets and tell your healthcare provider right away if you have yellowing of your skin or white part of your eyes, or if you have dark urine. These can be signs of a serious reaction to levofloxacin (a liver problem).
Seizures have been reported in people who take fluoroquinolone antibiotics including levofloxacin. Tell your healthcare provider if you have a history of seizures. Ask your healthcare provider whether taking levofloxacin tablets will change your risk of having a seizure.
Central Nervous System (CNS) side effects may happen as soon as after taking the first dose of levofloxacin tablets. Talk to your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these side effects, or other changes in mood or behavior:
||ο trouble sleeping
|ο hear voices, see things, or sense things that are not there (hallucinations)
|ο feel restless
||ο feel lightheaded
||ο feel more suspicious (paranoia)
|ο feel anxious or nervous
||ο suicidal thoughts or acts
||ο a headache that will not go away, with or without blurred vision
Pseudomembranous colitis can happen with many antibiotics, including levofloxacin. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get watery diarrhea, diarrhea that does not go away, or bloody stools. You may have stomach cramps and a fever. Pseudomembranous colitis can happen 2 or more months after you have finished your antibiotic.
• Changes in sensation and possible nerve damage (Peripheral Neuropathy)
Damage to the nerves in arms, hands, legs, or feet can happen in people taking fluoroquinolones, including levofloxacin. Talk with your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in your arms, hands, legs, or feet:
• Serious heart rhythm changes (QT prolongation and torsades de pointes)
Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a change in your heart beat (a fast or irregular heartbeat), or if you faint. Levofloxacin may cause a rare heart problem known as prolongation of the QT interval. This condition can cause an abnormal heartbeat and can be very dangerous. The chances of this happening are higher in people:
Increased chance of problems with joints and tissues around joints in children can happen. Tell your child’s healthcare provider if your child has any joint problems during or after treatment with levofloxacin tablets.
• Changes in blood sugar
People who take levofloxacin and other fluoroquinolone medicines with oral anti-diabetes medicines or with insulin can get low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions for how often to check your blood sugar. If you have diabetes and you get low blood sugar while taking levofloxacin tablets, stop taking levofloxacin tablets and call your healthcare provider right away. Your antibiotic medicine may need to be changed.
• Sensitivity to sunlight (photosensitivity)
See "What should I avoid while taking levofloxacin tablets?"
The most common side effects of levofloxacin tablets include:
Levofloxacin may cause false-positive urine screening results for opiates when testing is done with some commercially available kits. A positive result should be confirmed using a more specific test.
These are not all the possible side effects of levofloxacin tablets. Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store levofloxacin tablets?
• Levofloxacin tablets should be stored at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature] in well-closed containers as described in the USP.
Keep levofloxacin tablets and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of levofloxacin tablets
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use levofloxacin tablets for a condition for which it is not prescribed. Do not give levofloxacin tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about levofloxacin tablets. If you would like more information about levofloxacin tablets, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about levofloxacin tablets that is written for healthcare professionals.
What are the ingredients in levofloxacin tablets?
250 mg Levofloxacin Film-Coated Tablets:
• Active ingredient: levofloxacin
• Inactive ingredients: crospovidone, hypromellose, iron oxide black, iron oxide red, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, propylene glycol, shellac and titanium dioxide.
500 mg Levofloxacin Film-Coated Tablets:
• Active ingredient: levofloxacin
• Inactive ingredients: crospovidone, hypromellose, iron oxide black, iron oxide red, iron oxide yellow, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, propylene glycol, shellac and titanium dioxide.
750 mg Levofloxacin Film-Coated Tablets:
• Active ingredient: levofloxacin
• Inactive ingredients: crospovidone, hypromellose, iron oxide black, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, propylene glycol, shellac and titanium dioxide.
The brands listed are trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The makers of these brands are not affiliated with and do not endorse Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. or its products.
Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Baltimore, Maryland 21202
Goa 403 722
Revised: January 1, 2013 ID: #230708
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.