Your browser does not support JavaScript! INCIVEK (TELAPREVIR) TABLET, FILM COATED [VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS INCORPORATED]
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INCIVEK (telaprevir) tablet, film coated
[Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated]


Category DEA Schedule Marketing Status
HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL New Drug Application
Drug Label Sections

HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use INCIVEK safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for INCIVEK.

INCIVEK® (telaprevir) tablets, for oral use
Initial U.S. Approval: 2011

WARNING: SERIOUS SKIN REACTIONS

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

  • Fatal and non-fatal serious skin reactions, including Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS), Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS), and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), have been reported in patients treated with INCIVEK combination treatment. Fatal cases have been reported in patients with progressive rash and systemic symptoms who continued to receive INCIVEK combination treatment after a serious skin reaction was identified. (5.1)
  • For serious skin reactions, including rash with systemic symptoms or a progressive severe rash, INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa, and ribavirin must be discontinued immediately. Discontinuing other medications known to be associated with serious skin reactions should be considered. Patients should be promptly referred for urgent medical care. (5.1)

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

  • Boxed Warning
  • Dosage and Administration (2.1)
  • Contraindications (4)
  • Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)
  • Warnings and Precautions (5.5)
12/2012
10/2013
10/2013
12/2012
04/2013

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

INCIVEK is a hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitor indicated, in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, for the treatment of genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in adult patients with compensated liver disease, including cirrhosis, who are treatment-naïve or who have been previously treated with interferon-based treatment, including prior null responders, partial responders, and relapsers. (1.1)

  • INCIVEK must not be used as monotherapy and must only be used in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. (5.6)
  • A high proportion of previous null responders (particularly those with cirrhosis) did not achieve Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) and had telaprevir resistance-associated substitutions emerge on treatment with INCIVEK. (12.4, 14.3)
  • INCIVEK efficacy has not been established for patients who have previously failed therapy with a treatment regimen that includes INCIVEK or other HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors. (12.4)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

  • 1125 mg taken twice daily (10-14 hours apart) with food (not low fat). (2.1, 12.3)
  • INCIVEK must be administered with both peginterferon alfa and ribavirin for all patients for 12 weeks, followed by a response-guided regimen of either 12 or 36 additional weeks of peginterferon alfa and ribavirin depending on viral response and prior response status. (2.1)
  • For specific dosage instructions for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, refer to their respective prescribing information. (2.1)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • 375 mg tablets (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Contraindications to peginterferon alfa and ribavirin also apply to INCIVEK combination treatment. (4)
  • Women who are or may become pregnant and men whose female partners are pregnant: Because ribavirin may cause birth defects and fetal death, telaprevir in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin is contraindicated in pregnant women and in men whose female partners are pregnant. (4, 5.3, 8.1)
  • Co-administration with drugs that:
    • are highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events. (4)
    • strongly induce CYP3A which may lead to lower exposure and loss of efficacy of INCIVEK. (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Serious Skin Reactions/Rash: Fatal and non-fatal serious skin reactions (including SJS, DRESS, and TEN) have been reported. Patients with mild to moderate rash should be monitored for progression. If rash progresses and becomes severe, INCIVEK should be discontinued. For serious skin reactions, including rash with systemic symptoms or a progressive severe rash, INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa, and ribavirin must be discontinued immediately. Consider discontinuing other medications known to be associated with serious skin reactions. (5.1)
  • Anemia: Monitor hemoglobin prior to and at regular intervals during INCIVEK combination treatment. Follow dose modifications for ribavirin; discontinue INCIVEK if required. (5.2)
  • Pregnancy: Use with Ribavirin and Peginterferon alfa: Ribavirin may cause birth defects and fetal death; avoid pregnancy in female patients and female partners of male patients. Patients must have a negative pregnancy test prior to initiating therapy, use at least 2 effective methods of contraception, and undergo monthly pregnancy tests. (5.3, 8.1)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common adverse drug reactions to INCIVEK (incidence at least 5% higher with INCIVEK than in controls) were rash, pruritus, anemia, nausea, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, anorectal discomfort, dysgeusia, fatigue, vomiting, and anal pruritus. (6.1)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated at 877-824-4281 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Co-administration of INCIVEK combination treatment with other drugs can alter the concentration of other drugs and other drugs may alter the concentrations of telaprevir. Consult the full prescribing information prior to and during treatment for potential drug-drug interactions. (4, 7, 12.3)

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

  • Hepatic Impairment: INCIVEK is not recommended for use in patients with Child-Pugh score greater than or equal to 7 (class B and C). (5.7, 8.6)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

Revised: 10/2013

Back to Highlights and Tabs

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

WARNING: SERIOUS SKIN REACTIONS

  • Fatal and non-fatal serious skin reactions, including Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS), Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS), and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), have been reported in patients treated with INCIVEK combination treatment. Fatal cases have been reported in patients with progressive rash and systemic symptoms who continued to receive INCIVEK combination treatment after a serious skin reaction was identified [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
  • For serious skin reactions, including rash with systemic symptoms or a progressive severe rash, INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa, and ribavirin must be discontinued immediately. Discontinuing other medications known to be associated with serious skin reactions should be considered. Patients should be promptly referred for urgent medical care [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Chronic Hepatitis C

INCIVEK® (telaprevir), in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, is indicated for the treatment of genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C in adult patients with compensated liver disease, including cirrhosis, who are treatment-naïve or who have previously been treated with interferon-based treatment, including prior null responders, partial responders, and relapsers [see Clinical Studies (14.2 and 14.3), including definitions of these terms].

The following points should be considered when initiating treatment with INCIVEK:

  • INCIVEK must not be administered as monotherapy and must only be prescribed with both peginterferon alfa and ribavirin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].
  • A high proportion of previous null responders (particularly those with cirrhosis) did not achieve a Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) and had telaprevir resistance-associated substitutions emerge on treatment with INCIVEK combination treatment [see Microbiology (12.4) and Clinical Studies (14.3)].
  • INCIVEK efficacy has not been established for patients who have previously failed therapy with a treatment regimen that includes INCIVEK or other HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors [see Microbiology (12.4)].

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 INCIVEK/Peginterferon Alfa/Ribavirin Combination Treatment

The recommended dose of INCIVEK tablets is 1125 mg (three 375-mg tablets) taken orally twice daily (10-14 hours apart) with food (not low fat) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

For specific dosage instructions for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, refer to their respective prescribing information.

Duration of Treatment

The recommended duration of treatment with INCIVEK is 12 weeks in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. HCV RNA levels should be monitored at weeks 4 and 12 to determine combination treatment duration and assess for treatment futility (Tables 1 and 2).

Table 1: Recommended Treatment Duration (See also Table 2 for Treatment Futility Rules)
*
In clinical trials, HCV RNA in plasma was measured using a COBAS® TaqMan® assay with a lower limit of quantification of 25 IU/mL and a limit of detection of 10 IU/mL. See Laboratory Tests (5.5) for a description of HCV RNA assay recommendations.
Treatment-Naïve and Prior Relapse Patients
Triple TherapyDual TherapyTotal Treatment Duration
HCV RNA*INCIVEK,
peginterferon alfa and ribavirin
peginterferon alfa and ribavirin
Undetectable (Target Not Detected) at Weeks 4 and 12First 12 weeksAdditional 12 weeks24 weeks
Detectable (1000 IU/mL or less) at Weeks 4 and/or 12First 12 weeksAdditional 36 weeks48 weeks
Prior Partial and Null Responder Patients
Triple TherapyDual TherapyTotal Treatment Duration
INCIVEK,
peginterferon alfa and ribavirin
peginterferon alfa and ribavirin
All PatientsFirst 12 weeksAdditional 36 weeks48 weeks

For the purpose of assessing response-guided therapy eligibility at weeks 4 and 12 (see Table 1), an "undetectable" HCV RNA (Target Not Detected) result is required; a confirmed "detectable but below limit of quantification" HCV RNA result should not be considered equivalent to an "undetectable" HCV RNA (Target Not Detected) result [see Laboratory Tests (5.5)].

Treatment-naïve patients with cirrhosis who have undetectable HCV RNA (Target Not Detected) at weeks 4 and 12 of INCIVEK combination treatment may benefit from an additional 36 weeks of peginterferon alfa and ribavirin (48 weeks total) [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

2.2 Dose Reduction

To prevent treatment failure, the dose of INCIVEK must not be reduced or interrupted. Refer to the respective prescribing information for dose modification of peginterferon alfa and ribavirin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

2.3 Discontinuation of Dosing

Patients with inadequate viral response are unlikely to achieve SVR, and may develop treatment-emergent resistance substitutions [see Microbiology (12.4)]. Discontinuation of therapy is recommended in all patients with (1) HCV RNA levels of greater than 1000 IU/mL at Treatment Week 4 or 12; or (2) confirmed detectable HCV RNA levels at Treatment Week 24 (see Table 2).

Table 2: Treatment Futility Rules: All Patients
HCV RNAAction
Week 4 or Week 12: Greater than 1000 IU/mLDiscontinue INCIVEK and peginterferon alfa and ribavirin (INCIVEK treatment complete at 12 weeks)
Week 24: DetectableDiscontinue peginterferon alfa and ribavirin

If peginterferon alfa or ribavirin is discontinued for any reason, INCIVEK must also be discontinued.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Each tablet contains 375 mg of telaprevir. Tablets are available as purple, film-coated, capsule-shaped tablets debossed with the characters "V 375" on one side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Contraindications to peginterferon alfa and ribavirin also apply to INCIVEK combination treatment.

INCIVEK combination treatment is contraindicated in:

  • women who are or may become pregnant. Ribavirin may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug treatment, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
  • men whose female partners are pregnant.

INCIVEK is a strong inhibitor of CYP3A. INCIVEK is contraindicated when combined with drugs that are highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events (narrow therapeutic index). INCIVEK is contraindicated when combined with drugs that strongly induce CYP3A and thus may lead to lower exposure and loss of efficacy of INCIVEK. Contraindicated drugs are listed below in Table 3 [also see Drug Interactions (7), Table 5 and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), Tables 6 and 7].

Table 3: Drugs that are Contraindicated with INCIVEK
Drug ClassDrugs within Class that are Contraindicated with INCIVEKClinical Comments
*
See Drug Interactions, Table 5 for co-administration of sildenafil and tadalafil when dosed for erectile dysfunction.
See Drug Interactions, Table 5 for parenterally administered midazolam.
Alpha 1-adrenoreceptor antagonistAlfuzosinPotential for hypotension or cardiac arrhythmia
AnticonvulsantsCarbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoinPotential for lower exposure and loss of efficacy of INCIVEK
AntimycobacterialsRifampinRifampin significantly reduces telaprevir plasma concentrations.
Ergot derivativesDihydroergotamine, ergonovine, ergotamine, methylergonovinePotential for acute ergot toxicity characterized by peripheral vasospasm or ischemia
GI motility agentCisapridePotential for cardiac arrhythmias
Herbal productsSt. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum)Plasma concentrations of telaprevir can be reduced by concomitant use of the herbal preparation St. John's wort.
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitorsLovastatin, simvastatin Potential for myopathy including rhabdomyolysis
NeurolepticPimozidePotential for serious and/or life-threatening adverse reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias
PDE5 inhibitorSildenafil (Revatio®) or tadalafil (Adcirca®) [for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension]*Potential for PDE5 inhibitor-associated adverse events, including visual abnormalities, hypotension, prolonged erection, and syncope
Sedatives/hypnoticsOrally administered midazolam, triazolamProlonged or increased sedation or respiratory depression

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Serious Skin Reactions/Rash

Fatal and non-fatal serious skin reactions, including Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS), Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS), and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), have been reported in patients treated with INCIVEK combination treatment. Fatal cases have been reported in patients with progressive rash and systemic symptoms who continued to receive INCIVEK combination treatment after a serious skin reaction was identified.

For serious skin reactions, including rash with systemic symptoms or a progressive severe rash, INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa, and ribavirin must be discontinued immediately. Discontinuing other medications known to be associated with serious skin reactions should be considered. Patients should be promptly referred for urgent medical care.

In clinical trials, serious skin reactions, including DRESS and SJS were reported in less than 1% of subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment compared to none who received peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone. These serious skin reactions required hospitalization, and all subjects recovered. The presenting signs of DRESS may include rash, fever, facial edema, and evidence of internal organ involvement (e.g., hepatitis, nephritis). Eosinophilia may or may not be present. The presenting signs of SJS may include fever, target lesions, and mucosal erosions or ulcerations (e.g., conjunctivae, lips).

TEN and Erythema Multiforme (EM) have been observed in post-marketing experience [see also Boxed Warning and Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Rash events (all grades) developed in 56% of subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] and in 34% of subjects who received peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. Rash most frequently began during the first 4 weeks, but could occur at any time during INCIVEK combination treatment. Rash events led to discontinuation of INCIVEK alone in 6% of subjects and discontinuation of INCIVEK combination treatment in 1% of subjects. Severe rash (e.g., a generalized rash or rash with vesicles or bullae or ulcerations other than SJS) was reported in 4% of subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment compared to less than 1% who received peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone. The severe rash may have a prominent eczematous component.

Patients with mild to moderate rashes should be followed for progression of rash or development of systemic symptoms. If rash progresses and becomes severe, INCIVEK should be discontinued. Peginterferon alfa and ribavirin may be continued. If improvement is not observed within 7 days of INCIVEK discontinuation, sequential or simultaneous interruption or discontinuation of ribavirin and/or peginterferon alfa should be considered. If medically indicated, earlier interruption or discontinuation of ribavirin and peginterferon alfa should be considered [see also Boxed Warning]. Patients should be monitored until the rash has resolved. INCIVEK must not be reduced or restarted if discontinued due to rash. Treatment of rash with oral antihistamines and/or topical corticosteroids may provide symptomatic relief but effectiveness of these measures has not been established. Treatment of rash with systemic corticosteroids is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7)].

5.2 Anemia

Anemia has been reported with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin therapy. The addition of INCIVEK to peginterferon alfa and ribavirin is associated with an additional decrease in hemoglobin concentrations. A decrease in hemoglobin levels occurred during the first 4 weeks of treatment, with lowest values reached at the end of INCIVEK dosing. Hemoglobin values gradually returned to levels observed with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin after INCIVEK dosing was completed. Hemoglobin values less than or equal to 10 g per dL were observed in 36% of subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment compared to 17% of subjects who received peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. In clinical trials, the median time to onset of hemoglobin less than or equal to 10 g per dL was faster among subjects treated with INCIVEK combination treatment compared to those who received peginterferon alfa and ribavirin: 56 days (range 8-365 days) versus 63 days (range 13-341 days), respectively. Hemoglobin values less than 8.5 g per dL were observed in 14% of subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment compared to 5% of subjects receiving peginterferon alfa and ribavirin.

In subjects receiving INCIVEK combination treatment, 32% underwent a ribavirin dose modification (reduction, interruption or discontinuation) due to anemia, 6% received a blood transfusion, 4% discontinued INCIVEK, and 1% discontinued INCIVEK combination treatment. In subjects treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone, 12% underwent ribavirin dose modification due to anemia, 1% received a blood transfusion, and fewer than 1% discontinued treatment. Anemia requiring ribavirin dose reduction, blood transfusion, and/or erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) has been reported to occur as soon as 10 days following initiation of INCIVEK combination treatment.

Hemoglobin should be monitored prior to and at least at weeks 2, 4, 8 and 12 during INCIVEK combination treatment and as clinically appropriate. Earlier and more frequent monitoring for some patients should be considered. For the management of anemia, ribavirin dose reductions should be used (refer to the prescribing information for ribavirin for its dose reduction guidelines). If ribavirin dose reductions are inadequate, discontinuation of INCIVEK should be considered. If ribavirin is permanently discontinued for the management of anemia, INCIVEK must also be permanently discontinued. Ribavirin may be restarted per the dosing modification guidelines for ribavirin. The dose of INCIVEK must not be reduced and INCIVEK must not be restarted if discontinued.

5.3 Pregnancy: Use with Ribavirin and Peginterferon Alfa

Ribavirin may cause birth defects and/or death of the exposed fetus. Extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy in female patients and in female partners of male patients. Ribavirin therapy should not be started unless a report of a negative pregnancy test has been obtained immediately prior to initiation of therapy.

Because INCIVEK must be used in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, the contraindications and warnings applicable to those drugs are applicable to combination therapy. Female patients of childbearing potential and their male partners as well as male patients and their female partners must use 2 effective contraceptive methods during treatment and for 6 months after all treatment has ended. Female patients should have monthly pregnancy tests during treatment and during the 6-month period after stopping treatment. Extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy in female patients and in female partners of male patients as significant teratogenic and/or embryocidal effects have been demonstrated in all animal species exposed to ribavirin [see Contraindications (4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Refer also to the prescribing information for ribavirin.

Female Patients

Hormonal contraceptives may be continued but may not be reliable during INCIVEK dosing and for up to 2 weeks following cessation of INCIVEK [see Drug Interactions (7)]. During this time, female patients of childbearing potential should use 2 effective non-hormonal methods of contraception. Examples may include barrier methods or intrauterine devices (IUDs) [see also Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Two weeks after completion of INCIVEK treatment, hormonal contraceptives are again appropriate as one of the 2 required effective methods of birth control; however, specific prescribing information recommendations should be followed for the contraceptives.

5.4 Drug Interactions

See Table 3 for a listing of drugs that are contraindicated for use with INCIVEK due to potentially life-threatening adverse events or potential loss of therapeutic effect to INCIVEK [see Contraindications (4)]. Refer to Table 5 for established and other potentially significant drug-drug interactions [see Drug Interactions (7)].

5.5 Laboratory Tests

HCV RNA levels should be monitored at weeks 4 and 12 and as clinically indicated. Use of a sensitive real-time RT-PCR assay for monitoring HCV RNA levels during treatment is recommended. The assay should have a lower limit of HCV RNA quantification equal to or less than 25 IU per mL and a limit of HCV RNA detection of approximately 10-15 IU per mL. For the purpose of assessing response-guided therapy eligibility, an "undetectable" HCV RNA (Target Not Detected) result is required; a confirmed "detectable but below limit of quantification" HCV RNA result should not be considered equivalent to an "undetectable" HCV RNA result (reported as "Target Not Detected" or "HCV RNA Not Detected").

Hematology evaluations (including hemoglobin, white cell differential, and platelet count) are recommended prior to and at weeks 2, 4, 8 and 12 and as clinically appropriate. Chemistry evaluations (including electrolytes, serum creatinine, uric acid, hepatic enzymes, bilirubin, and TSH) are recommended as frequently as hematology evaluations or as clinically appropriate [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Refer to the prescribing information for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, including pregnancy testing requirements.

5.6 General

INCIVEK must not be administered as monotherapy and must only be prescribed with both peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. Therefore, the prescribing information for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin must be consulted before starting treatment with INCIVEK.

There are no clinical data on re-treating patients who have failed an HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor-based treatment, nor are there data on repeated courses of INCIVEK [see Microbiology (12.4)].

5.7 Hepatic Impairment

INCIVEK is not recommended for patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C, score greater than or equal to 7) or patients with decompensated liver disease. Refer to prescribing information for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin which must be co-administered with INCIVEK [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label:

INCIVEK must be administered with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. Refer to their respective prescribing information for their associated adverse reactions.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The safety assessment is based on data from pooled adequate and well-controlled clinical trials including 1797 subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment and 493 who received peginterferon alfa and ribavirin.

Serious adverse drug reactions occurred in 3% of subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment compared to none of the subjects treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. The most frequent serious adverse events in subjects treated with INCIVEK combination treatment were skin disorders (rash and/or pruritus) and anemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1 and 5.2)]. Fourteen percent of subjects discontinued INCIVEK due to adverse drug reactions. Rash, anemia, fatigue, pruritus, nausea, and vomiting were the most frequent adverse drug reactions leading to discontinuation of INCIVEK.

INCIVEK was administered in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. The following table lists adverse drug reactions that occurred in subjects treated with INCIVEK with an incidence at least 5% greater than in subjects receiving peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone (Table 4).

Table 4: Clinical Adverse Drug Reactions Reported with at Least 5% Higher Frequency Among Subjects Receiving INCIVEK
INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa, and ribavirin Combination TreatmentPeginterferon alfa and ribavirin
N=1797N=493
*
Rash and anemia based on SSC (Special Search Category) grouped terms.
Rash*56%34%
Fatigue56%50%
Pruritus47%28%
Nausea39%28%
Anemia*36%17%
Diarrhea26%17%
Vomiting13%8%
Hemorrhoids12%3%
Anorectal discomfort11%3%
Dysgeusia10%3%
Anal pruritus6%1%

Description of Selected Adverse Drug Reactions

Anorectal Signs and Symptoms

In the controlled clinical trials, 29% of subjects treated with INCIVEK combination treatment experienced anorectal adverse events, compared to 7% of those treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone. The majority of these events (e.g., hemorrhoids, anorectal discomfort, anal pruritus, and rectal burning) were mild to moderate in severity; less than 1% led to treatment discontinuation and all resolved during or after completion of INCIVEK dosing.

Laboratory abnormalities

White Blood Cells: Treatment with peginterferon alfa is associated with decreases in mean values for total white blood cell, absolute neutrophil, and absolute lymphocyte count. More subjects treated with INCIVEK had decreases in lymphocyte counts to 499/mm3 or less (15% compared to 5%). Decreases in total white cell counts to 1,499/mm3 or less were comparable (8% compared to 5%). The incidence of decreases in absolute neutrophil counts to 749/mm3 or less was 15% in subjects treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone compared to 12% among those treated with INCIVEK combination treatment.

Platelets: Treatment with peginterferon alfa is associated with decreases in mean platelet counts. More patients treated with INCIVEK combination treatment had decreases in mean platelet values of all grades: 47% compared to 36% treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone. Three percent of INCIVEK combination treatment subjects had decreases to 49,999/mm3 or less compared to 1% of those treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin-treated alone.

Bilirubin: Forty one percent of subjects treated with INCIVEK compared to 28% of peginterferon alfa and ribavirin-treated subjects had all grade elevations in bilirubin levels; 4% and 2% of subjects, respectively, had greater than or equal to 2.6 × ULN elevations. Bilirubin levels increased most steeply during the first 1 to 2 weeks of INCIVEK dosing, stabilized and between Weeks 12 and 16 were at baseline levels.

Uric Acid: During the INCIVEK combination treatment period, 73% of subjects had elevated uric acid levels compared to 29% for those treated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone. Shifts to greater than or equal to 12.1 mg per dL from baseline in uric acid levels were also more frequent among subjects treated with INCIVEK (7%) compared to peginterferon alfa and ribavirin (1%). Less than 1% of subjects had clinical events of gout/gouty arthritis; none were serious and none resulted in treatment discontinuation.

Additional Data from Clinical Trials

In the analysis of an additional study (Trial C211), the safety profile of combination treatment with INCIVEK 1125 mg twice daily was similar to the safety profile for patients receiving combination treatment with INCIVEK 750 mg every 8 hours (q8h) [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. No new safety findings were identified.

6.2 Post-marketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of INCIVEK. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) and Erythema Multiforme (EM) [see also Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Renal and Urinary Disorders: Pre-renal azotemia with or without acute renal insufficiency/failure, uric acid nephropathy

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Potential for INCIVEK to Affect Other Drugs

INCIVEK is a strong inhibitor of CYP3A. Co-administration of INCIVEK with drugs that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A may result in increased plasma concentrations of such drugs, which could increase adverse reactions (see Table 5). INCIVEK is also an inhibitor of P-gp, OATP1B1, and OATP2B1. Co-administration of INCIVEK with drugs that are substrates for P-gp, OATP1B1, and OATP2B1 transport may result in increased plasma concentrations of such drugs, which could increase adverse reactions (see Table 5). If dose adjustments of concomitant medications are made during INCIVEK treatment, they should be re-adjusted after administration of INCIVEK is completed.

7.2 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect INCIVEK

INCIVEK is a substrate of CYP3A and P-gp; therefore, drugs that induce CYP3A and/or P-gp may decrease INCIVEK plasma concentrations and reduce the therapeutic effect of INCIVEK. Co-administration of INCIVEK with drugs that inhibit CYP3A and/or P-gp may increase INCIVEK plasma concentrations.

7.3 Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions

Table 5 provides effect on concentration of INCIVEK or concomitant drug with INCIVEK. These recommendations are based on either drug interaction trials (indicated with *) or predicted interactions due to the expected magnitude of interaction and potential for serious adverse events or loss of efficacy. Most drug interaction studies have been performed with a dose of 750 mg q8h of INCIVEK. The 1125 mg twice-daily regimen provides similar total daily exposures of telaprevir; thus drug interactions are expected to be similar between the two regimens when evaluated after multiple doses [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Table 5: Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions: Alterations in Dose or Regimen May Be Recommended Based on Drug Interaction Trials or Predicted Interaction [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) (Tables 6 and 7) for Magnitude of Interaction.]
Concomitant Drug Class:
Drug Name
Effect on concentration of INCIVEK or Concomitant DrugClinical Comment
The direction of the arrow (↑ = increase,= decrease,= no change) indicates the direction of the change in PK.
*
These interactions have been studied. See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), Tables 6 and 7.
ANALGESICS
alfentanil
fentanyl
↑alfentanil
↑fentanyl
Careful monitoring of therapeutic and adverse effects (including respiratory depression) is recommended when telaprevir is co-administered with alfentanil or fentanyl, including extended-release transdermal or transmucosal preparations of fentanyl.
ANTIARRHYTHMICS
lidocaine (systemic), amiodarone, bepridil, flecainide, propafenone, quinidine↑ antiarrhythmicsCo-administration with telaprevir has the potential to produce serious and/or life-threatening adverse events and has not been studied. Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended when co-administered with telaprevir.
digoxin*↑ digoxinConcentrations of digoxin were increased when co-administered with telaprevir. The lowest dose of digoxin should be initially prescribed. The serum digoxin concentrations should be monitored and used for titration of digoxin dose to obtain the desired clinical effect.
ANTIBACTERIALS
clarithromycin
erythromycin
telithromycin
↑ telaprevir
↑ antibacterials
Concentrations of both telaprevir and the antibacterial may be increased during co-administration. Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended when co-administered with telaprevir. QT interval prolongation and Torsade de Pointes have been reported with clarithromycin and erythromycin. QT interval prolongation has been reported with telithromycin.
ANTICOAGULANT
warfarin↑ or ↓ warfarinConcentrations of warfarin may be altered when co-administered with telaprevir. The international normalized ratio (INR) should be monitored when warfarin is co-administered with telaprevir.
ANTIDEPRESSANTS
escitalopram*↔ telaprevir
↓ escitalopram
Concentrations of escitalopram were decreased when co-administered with telaprevir. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as escitalopram have a wide therapeutic index, but doses may need to be adjusted when combined with telaprevir.
trazodone↑ trazodoneConcomitant use of trazodone and telaprevir may increase plasma concentrations of trazodone which may lead to adverse events such as nausea, dizziness, hypotension and syncope. If trazodone is used with telaprevir, the combination should be used with caution and a lower dose of trazodone should be considered.
ANTIFUNGALS
ketoconazole*
itraconazole
posaconazole
voriconazole
↑ ketoconazole
↑ telaprevir

↑ itraconazole
↑ posaconazole
↑ or ↓ voriconazole
Ketoconazole increases the plasma concentrations of telaprevir. Concomitant systemic use of itraconazole or posaconazole with telaprevir may increase plasma concentration of telaprevir.
Plasma concentrations of itraconazole, ketoconazole, or posaconazole may be increased in the presence of telaprevir. When co-administration is required, high doses of itraconazole or ketoconazole (greater than 200 mg/day) are not recommended.
Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended for itraconazole, posaconazole and voriconazole.
QT interval prolongation and Torsade de Pointes have been reported with voriconazole and posaconazole. QT interval prolongation has been reported with ketoconazole.
Due to multiple enzymes involved with voriconazole metabolism, it is difficult to predict the interaction with telaprevir. Voriconazole should not be administered to patients receiving telaprevir unless an assessment of the benefit/risk ratio justifies its use.
ANTI GOUT
colchicine↑ colchicinePatients with renal or hepatic impairment should not be given colchicine with telaprevir, due to the risk of colchicine toxicity. A reduction in colchicine dosage or an interruption of colchicine treatment is recommended in patients with normal renal or hepatic function.
Treatment of gout flares: co-administration of colchicine in patients on telaprevir:
0.6 mg (1 tablet) for 1 dose, followed by 0.3 mg (half tablet) 1 hour later. Not to be repeated before 3 days.
If used for prophylaxis of gout flares: co-administration of colchicine in patients on telaprevir:
If the original regimen was 0.6 mg twice a day, the regimen should be adjusted to 0.3 mg once a day.
If the original regimen was 0.6 mg once a day, the regimen should be adjusted to 0.3 mg once every other day.
Treatment of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF): co-administration of colchicine in patients on telaprevir:
Maximum daily dose of 0.6 mg (may be given as 0.3 mg twice a day).
ANTIMYCOBACTERIAL
rifabutin↓ telaprevir
↑ rifabutin
Concentrations of telaprevir may be decreased, while rifabutin concentrations may be increased during co-administration. Telaprevir may be less effective due to decreased concentrations. The concomitant use of rifabutin and telaprevir is not recommended.
BENZODIAZEPINES
alprazolam*↑ alprazolamConcomitant use of alprazolam and telaprevir increases exposure to alprazolam. Clinical monitoring is warranted.
parenterally administered midazolam*↑ midazolamConcomitant use of parenterally administered midazolam with telaprevir increased exposure to midazolam. Co-administration should be done in a setting which ensures clinical monitoring and appropriate medical management in case of respiratory depression and/or prolonged sedation.
Dose reduction for midazolam should be considered, especially if more than a single dose of midazolam is administered.
Co-administration of oral midazolam with telaprevir is contraindicated.
zolpidem (non-benzodiazepine sedative)*↓ zolpidemExposure to zolpidem was decreased when co-administered with telaprevir. Clinical monitoring and dose titration of zolpidem is recommended to achieve the desired clinical response.
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
amlodipine*↑ amlodipineExposure to amlodipine was increased when co-administered with telaprevir. Caution should be used and dose reduction for amlodipine should be considered. Clinical monitoring is recommended.
diltiazem
felodipine
nicardipine
nifedipine
nisoldipine
verapamil
↑calcium channel blockersConcentrations of other calcium channel blockers may be increased when telaprevir is co-administered.
Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring of patients is recommended.
CORTICOSTEROIDS
Systemic
prednisone
methylprednisolone
↑ prednisone
↑methylprednisolone
Systemic corticosteroids such as prednisone and methylprednisolone are CYP3A substrates. Since telaprevir is a strong CYP3A inhibitor, plasma concentrations of these corticosteroids can be increased significantly. Co-administration of systemic corticosteroids and telaprevir is not recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
Systemic
dexamethasone
↓ telaprevirSystemic dexamethasone induces CYP3A and can thereby decrease telaprevir plasma concentrations. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect of telaprevir. Therefore this combination should be used with caution or alternatives should be considered.
Inhaled/Nasal
fluticasone
budesonide
↑ fluticasone
↑ budesonide
Concomitant use of inhaled fluticasone or budesonide and telaprevir may increase plasma concentrations of fluticasone or budesonide resulting in significantly reduced serum cortisol concentrations. Co-administration of fluticasone or budesonide and telaprevir is not recommended unless the potential benefit to the patient outweighs the risk of systemic corticosteroid side effects.
ENDOTHELIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
bosentan↑ bosentanConcentrations of bosentan may be increased when co-administered with telaprevir. Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended.
HIV-ANTIVIRAL AGENTS: HIV-PROTEASE INHIBITORS (PIs)
atazanavir/ritonavir*↓ telaprevir
↑ atazanavir
Concomitant administration of telaprevir and atazanavir/ritonavir resulted in reduced steady-state telaprevir exposure, while steady-state atazanavir exposure was increased.
darunavir/ritonavir*↓ telaprevir
↓ darunavir
Concomitant administration of telaprevir and darunavir/ritonavir resulted in reduced steady-state exposures to telaprevir and darunavir. It is not recommended to co-administer darunavir/ritonavir and telaprevir.
fosamprenavir/ritonavir*↓ telaprevir
↓ fosamprenavir
Concomitant administration of telaprevir and fosamprenavir/ritonavir resulted in reduced steady-state exposures to telaprevir and amprenavir. It is not recommended to co-administer fosamprenavir/ritonavir and telaprevir.
lopinavir/ritonavir*↓ telaprevir
↔ lopinavir
Concomitant administration of telaprevir and lopinavir/ritonavir resulted in reduced steady-state telaprevir exposure, while the steady-state exposure to lopinavir was not affected. It is not recommended to co-administer lopinavir/ritonavir and telaprevir.
HIV-ANTIVIRAL AGENTS: REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE INHIBITORS
efavirenz*↓ telaprevir
↓ efavirenz
Concomitant administration of telaprevir and efavirenz resulted in reduced steady-state exposures to telaprevir and efavirenz.
tenofovir disoproxil fumarate*↔ telaprevir
↑ tenofovir
Concomitant administration of telaprevir and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate resulted in increased tenofovir exposure. Increased clinical and laboratory monitoring are warranted. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate should be discontinued in patients who develop tenofovir-associated toxicities.
HMG-CoA REDUCTASE INHIBITORS
atorvastatin*
fluvastatin
pitavastatin
pravastatin
rosuvastatin
↑ statinPlasma concentrations of atorvastatin are markedly increased when co-administered with telaprevir. Avoid concomitant administration of telaprevir and atorvastatin. For fluvastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, and rosuvastatin, caution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended. Refer to Contraindications (4) for HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (lovastatin, simvastatin) that are contraindicated with INCIVEK.
HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES/ESTROGEN
ethinyl estradiol*
norethindrone
↓ ethinyl estradiol
↔ norethindrone
Exposure to ethinyl estradiol was decreased when co-administered with telaprevir. Two effective non-hormonal methods of contraception should be used during treatment with telaprevir.
Patients using estrogens as hormone replacement therapy should be clinically monitored for signs of estrogen deficiency. Refer also to Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Use in Specific Populations (8.1).
IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS
cyclosporine*
sirolimus
tacrolimus*
↑ cyclosporine
↑ sirolimus
↑ tacrolimus
Plasma concentrations of cyclosporine and tacrolimus are markedly increased when co-administered with telaprevir. Plasma concentration of sirolimus may be increased when co-administered with telaprevir, though this has not been studied. Significant dose reductions and prolongation of the dosing interval of the immunosuppressant to achieve the desired blood levels should be anticipated. Close monitoring of the immunosuppressant blood levels, and frequent assessments of renal function and immunosuppressant-related side effects are recommended when co-administered with telaprevir. Tacrolimus may prolong the QT interval. The use of telaprevir in organ transplant patients has not been studied.
INHALED BETA AGONIST
salmeterol↑ salmeterolConcentrations of salmeterol may be increased when co-administered with telaprevir. Concurrent administration of salmeterol and telaprevir is not recommended. The combination may result in increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events associated with salmeterol, including QT prolongation, palpitations and sinus tachycardia.
INSULIN SECRETAGOGUES
repaglinide↑ repaglinideCaution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended.
NARCOTIC ANALGESIC
methadone*↓ R-methadoneConcentrations of methadone were reduced when co-administered with telaprevir. No adjustment of methadone dose is required when initiating co-administration of telaprevir. However, clinical monitoring is recommended as the dose of methadone during maintenance therapy may need to be adjusted in some patients.
PDE5 INHIBITORS
sildenafil
tadalafil
vardenafil
↑ PDE5 inhibitorsConcentrations of PDE5 inhibitors may be increased when co-administered with telaprevir. For the treatment of erectile dysfunction, sildenafil at a single dose not exceeding 25 mg in 48 hours, vardenafil at a single dose not exceeding 2.5 mg dose in 72 hours, or tadalafil at a single dose not exceeding 10 mg dose in 72 hours can be used with increased monitoring for PDE5 inhibitor-associated adverse events.
QT interval prolongation has been reported with vardenafil. Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring is recommended.
Co-administration of sildenafil or tadalafil and telaprevir in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4)].

In addition to the drugs included in Table 5, the interaction between INCIVEK and the following drugs was evaluated in clinical trials and no dose adjustment is needed for any drug [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]: esomeprazole, raltegravir, or buprenorphine.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Because INCIVEK must be used in combination with ribavirin and peginterferon alfa, the contraindications and warnings applicable to those drugs are applicable to combination treatment. Extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy in female patients and in female partners of male patients.

INCIVEK/Peginterferon Alfa/Ribavirin Combination Treatment

Pregnancy Category X: Animal studies have shown that ribavirin causes birth defects and/or fetal deaths while peginterferon alfa is abortifacient [see Contraindications (4) and Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. See the prescribing information for ribavirin.

Significant teratogenic and/or embryocidal effects have been demonstrated in all animal species exposed to ribavirin; and therefore ribavirin is contraindicated in women who are pregnant and in the male partners of women who are pregnant [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and ribavirin prescribing information]. Interferons have abortifacient effects in animals and should be assumed to have abortifacient potential in humans (see peginterferon alfa prescribing information).

Extreme caution must be taken to avoid pregnancy in female patients and female partners of male patients while taking this combination. Women of childbearing potential and their male partners should not receive ribavirin unless they are using effective contraception (2 reliable forms) during treatment with ribavirin and for 6 months after treatment. Systemic hormonal contraceptives may not be as effective in women while taking INCIVEK. Therefore, 2 alternative effective methods of contraception, including intrauterine devices and barrier methods, should be used in women during treatment with INCIVEK and concomitant ribavirin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

A Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry has been established to monitor maternal-fetal outcomes of pregnancies in female patients and female partners of male patients exposed to ribavirin during treatment and for 6 months following cessation of treatment. Healthcare providers and patients are encouraged to report such cases by calling 1-800-593-2214.

INCIVEK (telaprevir) Tablets

Pregnancy Category B: Telaprevir treatment alone in mice and rats did not result in harm to the fetus. The highest doses tested produced exposures equal to 1.84- and 0.60-fold the exposures in humans at the recommended clinical dose, respectively. Telaprevir treatment alone had effects on fertility parameters in rats. The no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for testicular toxicity was established at exposures 0.17-fold the human exposures at the recommended clinical dose. Potential effects on sperm (e.g., decreased % motile sperm and increased non-motile sperm count) were observed in a rat fertility study at exposures 0.30-fold the human exposures at the recommended clinical dose. Additional effects on fertility include minor increases in percent preimplantation loss, in percent of dams with nonviable embryos and percent of nonviable conceptuses per litter. These effects are likely associated with testicular toxicity in male but contributions of the female cannot be ruled out. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled trials in pregnant women.

Significant teratogenic and/or embryocidal effects have been demonstrated in all animal species exposed to ribavirin. Extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy in female patients and in female partners of male patients—both during treatment and for 6 months after the completion of all treatment. INCIVEK combination treatment should not be started unless a female patient has a negative pregnancy test immediately prior to initiation of treatment. Pregnancy testing should occur monthly during INCIVEK combination treatment and for 6 months after all treatment has ended [see Contraindications (4)]. Pregnancy testing in non-pregnant female partners is recommended before INCIVEK combination therapy, every month during INCIVEK combination therapy, and for 6 months after ribavirin therapy has ended.

Hormonal contraceptives may be continued but may not be reliable during INCIVEK dosing and for up to 2 weeks following cessation of INCIVEK [see Drug Interactions (7)]. During this time, female patients of childbearing potential should use 2 effective non-hormonal methods of contraception. Examples may include barrier methods or IUDs [see also Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. Refer also to the prescribing information for ribavirin.

Two weeks after completion of INCIVEK treatment, hormonal contraceptives are again appropriate as one of the 2 required effective methods of birth control; however, specific prescribing information recommendations should be followed for the contraceptives. Refer also to the prescribing information for ribavirin.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether telaprevir is excreted in human breast milk. When administered to lactating rats, levels of telaprevir were higher in milk compared to those observed in plasma. Rat offspring exposed to telaprevir in utero showed no effects on body weight at birth. However, when fed via milk from telaprevir-treated dams, body weight gain of pups was lower than pups fed milk from control dams. After weaning, rat pup body weight gain was similar in offspring from telaprevir-treated and control dams. Because of the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants, nursing must be discontinued prior to initiation of treatment. See also the prescribing information for ribavirin.

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetic profile of INCIVEK in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical trials of INCIVEK did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. In general, caution should be exercised in the administration and monitoring of INCIVEK in geriatric patients reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8.6 Hepatic Impairment

INCIVEK is not recommended for use in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C, score greater than or equal to 7) because appropriate doses have not been established [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dose adjustment of INCIVEK is necessary for patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A, score 5-6). Refer also to the prescribing information for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin which must be co-administered with INCIVEK.

8.7 Renal Impairment

No dose adjustment is necessary for INCIVEK in HCV-infected patients with mild, moderate or severe renal impairment. INCIVEK has not been studied in HCV-infected patients with CrCl less than or equal to 50 mL per min.

The pharmacokinetics of telaprevir were assessed after administration of a single dose of 750 mg to HCV-negative subjects with severe renal impairment (CrCl less than 30 mL per min). INCIVEK has not been studied in subjects with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or on hemodialysis [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Refer also to the prescribing information for peginterferon alfa and ribavirin which must be co-administered with INCIVEK.

8.8 Liver Transplantation

The safety and efficacy of INCIVEK have not been established in liver transplant patients [see Drug Interactions (7)].

10 OVERDOSAGE

The highest documented dose administered is 1875 mg every 8 hours for 4 days in healthy subjects with INCIVEK alone. In that trial, the following common adverse events were reported more frequently with the 1875 mg q8h regimen compared to the 750 mg q8h regimen: nausea, headache, diarrhea, decreased appetite, dysgeusia, and vomiting.

No specific antidote is available for overdose with INCIVEK. Treatment of overdose with INCIVEK consists of general supportive measures including monitoring of vital signs and observation of the clinical status of the patient. In the event of an overdose, it is reasonable to employ the standard supportive measures, such as removing unabsorbed material from the gastrointestinal tract, employing clinical monitoring (including obtaining an electrocardiogram), and instituting supportive therapy if required.

It is not known whether telaprevir is dialyzable by peritoneal or hemodialysis.

11 DESCRIPTION

INCIVEK (telaprevir) is an inhibitor of the HCV NS3/4A protease.

The IUPAC name for telaprevir is (1S,3aR,6aS)-2-[(2S)-2-({(2S)-2-cyclohexyl-2-[(pyrazin-2-ylcarbonyl)amino]acetyl}amino)-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-N-[(3S)-1-(cyclopropylamino)-1,2-dioxohexan-3-yl]-3,3a,4,5,6,6a-hexahydro-1H-cyclopenta[c]pyrrole-1-carboxamide. Its molecular formula is C36H53N7O6 and its molecular weight is 679.85. Telaprevir has the following structural formula:

Chemical Structure

Telaprevir drug substance is a white to off-white powder with a solubility in water of 0.0047 mg/mL.

Telaprevir interconverts to an R-diastereomer, VRT-127394, which is the major metabolite in plasma and is approximately 30-fold less potent than telaprevir.

INCIVEK is available as a purple, capsule-shaped, film-coated tablet for oral administration containing 375 mg of telaprevir. Each tablet contains the inactive ingredients colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, D&C Red No. 40, dibasic calcium phosphate (anhydrous), FD&C Blue No. 2, hypromellose acetate succinate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium stearyl fumarate, talc, and titanium dioxide.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Telaprevir is a direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agent against the hepatitis C virus [see Microbiology (12.4)].

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

ECG Evaluation

The effect of telaprevir 750 and 1875 mg on QTc interval was evaluated in a double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, placebo-, and active-controlled (moxifloxacin 400 mg) four period crossover thorough QT trial in 44 subjects. In the trial with demonstrated ability to detect small effects, the upper bound of the one-sided 95% confidence interval for the largest placebo adjusted, baseline-corrected QTc based on Fridericia correction method (QTcF) was below 10 ms, the threshold for regulatory concern. The dose of 1875 mg is adequate to represent the high exposure clinical scenario.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetic properties of telaprevir have been evaluated in healthy adult subjects and in subjects with chronic hepatitis C. Following multiple doses of telaprevir (750 mg every 8 hours) in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin in treatment-naïve subjects with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C, mean (SD) Cmax was 3510 (1280) ng/mL, Cmin was 2030 (930) ng/mL, and AUC8h was 22,300 (8650) ng•hr/mL.

Telaprevir total exposure (AUC24h,ss) was similar regardless of whether the total daily dose of 2250 mg was administered as 750 mg every 8 hours or 1125 mg twice daily.

Absorption and Bioavailability

Telaprevir is orally available, most likely absorbed in the small intestine, with no evidence for absorption in the colon. Maximum plasma concentrations after a single dose of telaprevir are generally achieved after 4 to 5 hours. In vitro studies performed with human Caco-2 cells indicated that telaprevir is a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Exposure to telaprevir is higher during co-administration of peginterferon alfa and ribavirin than after administration of telaprevir alone.

Effects of Food on Oral Absorption

The systemic exposure (AUC) to telaprevir was increased by 237% when telaprevir was administered with a standard fat meal (containing 533 kcal and 21 g fat) compared to when telaprevir was administered under fasting conditions. In addition, the type of meal significantly affects exposure to telaprevir. Relative to fasting, when telaprevir was administered with a low-fat meal (249 kcal, 3.6 g fat) and a high-fat meal (928 kcal, 56 g fat), the systemic exposure (AUC) to telaprevir was increased by approximately 117% and 330%, respectively. Doses of INCIVEK were administered within 30 minutes of completing a meal or snack containing approximately 20 grams of fat in the Phase 3 trials. Therefore, INCIVEK should always be taken with food (not low fat).

Distribution

In vitro, within a concentration range of 0.1 µM (68 ng per mL) to 20 µM (13600 ng per mL), telaprevir is approximately 59% to 76% bound to plasma proteins. Telaprevir binds primarily to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and albumin and the binding is concentration dependent, decreasing with increasing concentrations of telaprevir. After oral administration, the typical apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F) was estimated to be 252 L, with an inter-individual variability of 72%.

Metabolism

Telaprevir is extensively metabolized in the liver, involving hydrolysis, oxidation, and reduction. Multiple metabolites were detected in feces, plasma, and urine. After repeated-oral administration, the R-diastereomer of telaprevir (30-fold less active), pyrazinoic acid, and a metabolite that underwent reduction at the α-ketoamide bond of telaprevir (not active) were found to be the predominant metabolites of telaprevir. In vitro studies using recombinant human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms indicated that CYP3A4 was the major isoform responsible for CYP-mediated telaprevir metabolism. In vitro studies using recombinant aldo-ketoreductases indicated that these and potentially other reductases are also responsible for the reduction of telaprevir. Other proteolytic enzymes are also involved in the hydrolysis of telaprevir. These non-CYP mediated pathways of metabolism likely play a major role after multiple dosing of telaprevir.

Elimination

Following administration of a single oral dose of 750 mg 14C-telaprevir in healthy subjects, 90% of total radioactivity was recovered in feces, urine and expired air within 96 hours post-dose. The median recovery of the administered radioactive dose was approximately 82% in the feces, 9% in exhaled air and 1% in urine. The contribution of unchanged 14C-telaprevir and the R-diastereomer of telaprevir towards total radioactivity recovered in feces was 31.9% and 18.8%, respectively. After oral administration, the apparent total clearance (Cl/F) was estimated to be 32.4 L per hour with an inter-individual variability of 27.2%. The mean elimination half-life after single-dose oral administration of telaprevir 750 mg typically ranged from about 4.0 to 4.7 hours. At steady state, the effective half-life is about 9 to 11 hours.

Specific Populations

Hepatic Impairment

Steady-state exposure to telaprevir was reduced by 46% in HCV-negative subjects with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B) compared to healthy subjects. The appropriate dose of INCIVEK in HCV-infected subjects with moderate or severe hepatic impairment has not been determined and therefore INCIVEK is not recommended in these populations.

Steady-state exposure to telaprevir was reduced by 15% in HCV-negative subjects with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A) compared to healthy subjects. Dose modification of INCIVEK is not required when administered to subjects with mild hepatic impairment. In previously treated subjects who had compensated liver disease and were treated with INCIVEK in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, subjects with cirrhosis had similar PK parameters compared to those without cirrhosis.

Renal Impairment

After administration of a single dose of 750 mg to HCV-negative subjects with severe renal impairment (CrCl less than 30 mL per min), the LS means of telaprevir Cmax and AUCinf were increased by 3% and 21%, respectively, compared to healthy subjects.

Gender

The effect of subject gender on telaprevir pharmacokinetics was evaluated using population pharmacokinetics of data from clinical trials of telaprevir. No dose adjustments are deemed necessary based on gender.

Race

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of telaprevir in HCV-infected subjects indicated that race had no apparent effect on the exposure to telaprevir.

Geriatric Use

Population pharmacokinetic analysis in HCV-infected subjects showed that within the age range (19-70 years) investigated (35 subjects 65 years of age and older), subject age did not have a clinically relevant effect on the exposure to telaprevir.

Pediatric Use

The pharmacokinetics of INCIVEK in pediatric patients have not been evaluated.

Drug Interactions

In vitro studies indicated that telaprevir is a substrate and a strong inhibitor of CYP3A and P-gp. In vitro studies indicated that telaprevir is also an inhibitor of OATP1B1 and OATP2B1. No inhibition by telaprevir of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, or CYP2E1 isozymes was observed in vitro. In vitro studies also suggest that telaprevir does not induce CYP1A, CYP3A, CYP2B6, or CYP2C. Furthermore, in vitro studies suggest that telaprevir is neither a substrate for BCRP, OATP1B1, OATP2B1, or MRP2, nor an inhibitor of BCRP, MRP2, OCT2, and OAT1 transporters. Clinical trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of drugs that can affect or be affected by telaprevir during co-administration (Tables 6 and 7).

Table 6 Drug Interactions: Summary of Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Telaprevir in the Presence of Co-administered Drugs*
Dose and ScheduleEffect on Telaprevir PKLS Mean Ratio (90% CI) of Telaprevir PK With/Without Co-administered Drug
DrugDrugTelaprevirNCmaxAUC or Cavg,ssCmin
NA: not available/ not applicable; N = Number of subjects with data; qd = once daily; bid = twice daily; q8h = every 8 hours; q12h = every 12 hours
*
Data provided are under fed conditions unless otherwise noted.
The direction of the arrow (↑ = increase,= decrease,= no change) indicates the direction of the change in PK
Cavg,ss = Average concentrations at steady state (AUCτ/τ).
§
Value with co-administered drug and telaprevir / value with telaprevir 750 mg q8h alone
Carbamazepine200 mg q12h for 17 days750 mg q8h for 10 days110.79
(0.70; 0.90)
0.68
(0.58; 0.79)
0.53
(0.44; 0.65)
Escitalopram10 mg qd for 7 days750 mg q8h for 14 days131.00
(0.95; 1.05)
0.93
(0.89; 0.97)
0.91
(0.86; 0.97)
Esomeprazole40 mg qd for 6 days750 mg single dose240.95
(0.86; 1.06)
0.98
(0.91; 1.05)
NA
KetoconazoleKetoconazole
400 mg single dose
750 mg single dose171.24
(1.10; 1.41)
1.62
(1.45; 1.81)
NA
Oral ContraceptiveNorethindrone/ ethinyl estradiol 0.5 mg/0.035 mg qd for 21 days750 mg q8h for 21 days231.00
(0.93; 1.07)
0.99
(0.93; 1.05)
1.00
(0.93; 1.08)
Phenytoin200 mg q12h for 17 days750 mg q8h for 10 days70.68
(0.60; 0.77)
0.53
(0.47; 0.60)
0.32
(0.25; 0.42)
Rifampin600 mg qd for 8 days750 mg single dose160.14
(0.11; 0.18)
0.08
(0.07; 0.11)
NA
Anti-HIV Drugs
Atazanavir (ATV)/ritonavir (rtv)300 mg ATV/ 100 mg rtv qd for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days140.79
(0.74; 0.84)
0.80
(0.76; 0.85)
0.85
(0.75; 0.98)
Darunavir (DRV)/ritonavir (rtv)600 mg DRV/ 100 mg rtv bid for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days11 (N=14 for Cmax)0.64
(0.61; 0.67)
0.65
(0.61; 0.69)
0.68
(0.63; 0.74)
Efavirenz600 mg qd for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days210.91
(0.82; 1.02)
0.74
(0.65; 0.84)
0.53
(0.44; 0.65)
Fosamprenavir (fAPV)/ ritonavir (rtv)700 mg fAPV/ 100 mg rtv bid for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days180.67
(0.63; 0.71)
0.68
(0.63; 0.72)
0.70
(0.64; 0.77)
Lopinavir (LPV)/ritonavir (rtv)400 mg LPV/ 100 mg rtv bid for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days120.47
(0.41; 0.52)
0.46
(0.41; 0.52)
0.48
(0.40; 0.56)
Raltegravir400 mg bid for 11 days750 mg q8h for 7 days201.07
(0.98; 1.16)
1.07
(1.00; 1.15)
1.14
(1.04; 1.26)
Ritonavir100 mg single dose750 mg single dose141.30
(1.15; 1.47)
2.00
(1.72; 2.33)
NA
Ritonavir100 mg q12h for 14 days750 mg q12h for 14 days50.85
(0.63; 1.13)
0.76,§
(0.60; 0.97)
0.68
(0.57; 0.82)
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)300 mg qd TDF for 7 days750 mg q8h for 7 days161.01
(0.96; 1.05)
1.00
(0.94; 1.07)
1.03
(0.93; 1.14)
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and efavirenz (EFV)600 mg EFV /300 mg TDF qd for 7 days1125 mg q8h for 7 days150.86§
(0.76; 0.97)
0.82§
(0.73; 0.92)
0.75§
(0.66; 0.86)
600 mg EFV /300 mg TDF qd for 7 days1500 mg q12h for 7 days160.97§
(0.88; 1.06)
0.80,§
(0.73; 0.88)
0.52§
(0.42; 0.64)
Table 7 Drug Interactions: Summary of Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Co-administered Drugs in the Presence of Telaprevir
DrugDose and ScheduleNEffect on Drug PK*LS Mean Ratio (90% CI) of Drug PK With/Without Telaprevir
DrugTelaprevirCmaxAUCCmin
*
The direction of the arrow (↑ = increase,= decrease,= no change) indicates the direction of the change in PK.
Alprazolam0.5 mg single dose750 mg q8h for 11 days170.97
(0.92; 1.03)
1.35
(1.23; 1.49)
NA
Amlodipine5 mg single dose750 mg q8h for 7 days191.27
(1.21; 1.33)
2.79
(2.58; 3.01)
NA
Atorvastatin20 mg single dose750 mg q8h for 7 days1910.60
(8.74; 12.85)
7.88
(6.84; 9.07)
NA
BuprenorphineBuprenorphine maintenance therapy (4 to 24 mg/daily in combination with naloxone)750 mg q8h for 7 days140.80
(0.69; 0.93)
0.96
(0.84; 1.10)
1.06
(0.87; 1.30)
Carbamazepine200 mg q12h for 17 days750 mg q8h for 10 days111.09
(0.98; 1.21)
1.10
(0.99; 1.23)
1.10
(0.97; 1.24)
Cyclosporine A (CsA)100 mg single dose when administered alone; 10 mg single dose when co-administered with telaprevir (D8)750 mg q8h for 11 days90.13
(0.11; 0.16)
Dose norm.: 1.32
(1.08; 1.60)
0.46
(0.39; 0.55)
Dose norm.: 4.64
(3.90; 5.51)
NA
Digoxin0.5 mg single dose750 mg q8h for 11 days201.50
(1.36; 1.65)
1.85
(1.70; 2.00)
NA
Escitalopram10 mg qd, for 7 days750 mg q8h for 14 days
130.70
(0.65; 0.76)
0.65
(0.60; 0.70)
0.58
(0.52; 0.64)
Ethinyl estradiol (EE), co-administered with norethindrone (NE)0.035 mg qd EE/ 0.5 mg
qd NE for 21 days
750 mg q8h for 21 days240.74
(0.68; 0.80)
0.72
(0.69; 0.75)
0.67
(0.63; 0.71)
Ketoconazole400 mg single dose1250 mg q8h for 4 doses811.23
(1.14; 1.33)
1.46
(1.35; 1.58)
NA
200 mg single dose1250 mg q8h for 4 doses281.75
(1.51; 2.03)
2.25
(1.93; 2.61)
NA
R-MethadoneMethadone maintenance therapy (40 to 120 mg/daily)750 mg q8h for 7 days150.71
(0.66; 0.76)
0.71
(0.66; 0.76)
0.69
(0.64; 0.75)
S-MethadoneMethadone maintenance therapy (40 to 120 mg/daily)750 mg q8h for 7 days150.65
(0.60; 0.71)
0.64
(0.58; 0.70)
0.60
(0.54; 0.67)
Midazolam (iv)0.5 mg iv single dose750 mg q8h for 9 days221.02
(0.8; 1.31)
3.40
(3.04; 3.79)
NA
Midazolam (oral)2 mg oral single dose750 mg q8h for 11 days212.86
(2.52; 3.25)
8.96
(7.75; 10.35)
NA
Norethindrone (NE), co-administered with EE0.035 mg qd EE/ 0.5 mg
qd NE for 21 days
750 mg q8h for 21 days240.85
(0.81; 0.89)
0.89
(0.86; 0.93)
0.94
(0.87; 1.0)
Phenytoin200 mg q12h for 17 days750 mg q8h for 10 days71.27
(1.09; 1.47)
1.31
(1.15; 1.49)
1.36
(1.21; 1.53)
Tacrolimus2 mg single dose when administered alone; 0.5 mg single dose when co-administered with telaprevir (D8)750 mg q8h for 13 days92.34
(1.68; 3.25)
Dose norm.: 9.35
(6.73; 13.0)
17.6
(13.2; 23.3)
Dose norm.: 70.3
(52.9; 93.4)
NA
Zolpidem5 mg single dose750 mg q8h for 11 days190.58
(0.52; 0.66)
0.53
(0.45; 0.64)
NA
Anti-HIV Drugs
Atazanavir (ATV), boosted with ritonavir (rtv)300 mg ATV/ 100 mg rtv qd for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days70.85
(0.73; 0.98)
1.17
(0.97; 1.43)
1.85
(1.40; 2.44)
Darunavir (DRV), boosted with ritonavir (rtv)600 mg DRV/ 100 mg rtv bid for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days11 (N=14 for Cmax)0.60
(0.56; 0.64)
0.60
(0.57; 0.63)
0.58
(0.52; 0.64)
600 mg DRV/ 100 mg rtv bid for 24 days1125 mg q12h for 4 days150.53
(0.47; 0.59)
0.49
(0.43; 0.55)
0.42
(0.35; 0.51)
Efavirenz600 mg qd for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days210.84
(0.76; 0.93)
0.93
(0.87; 0.98)
0.98
(0.94; 1.02)
Efavirenz (EFV), co-administered with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)600 mg EFV /300 mg TDF qd for 7 days1125 mg q8h for 7 days15
0.76
(0.68; 0.85)
0.82
(0.74; 0.90)
0.90
(0.81; 1.01)
600 mg EFV /300 mg TDF qd for 7 days1500 mg q12h for 7 days160.80
(0.74; 0.86)
0.85
(0.79; 0.91)
0.89
(0.82; 0.96)
Fosamprenavir (fAPV), boosted with ritonavir (rtv)700 mg fAPV/ 100 mg bid rtv for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days180.65
(0.59; 0.70)
0.53
(0.49; 0.58)
0.44
(0.40; 0.50)
700 mg fAPV/ 100 mg bid rtv for 24 days1125 mg q12h for 4 days17 (N=18 for Cmin)0.60
(0.55; 0.67)
0.51
(0.47; 0.55)
0.42
(0.37; 0.47)
Lopinavir (LPV), boosted with ritonavir (rtv)400 mg LPV/ 100 mg rtv bid for 20 days750 mg q8h for 10 days12
0.96
(0.87; 1.05)
1.06
(0.96; 1.17)
1.14
(0.96; 1.36)
Raltegravir400 mg bid for 11 days750 mg q8h for 7 days201.26
(0.97; 1.62)
1.31
(1.03; 1.67)
1.78
(1.26; 2.53)
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate300 mg qd for 7 days750 mg q8h for 7 days161.30
(1.16; 1.45)
1.30
(1.22; 1.39)
1.41
(1.29; 1.54)
Tenofovir, on co-administration of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and efavirenz (EFV)600 mg EFV /300 mg TDF qd for 7 days1125 mg q8h for 7 days15
1.22
(1.12; 1.33)
1.10
(1.03; 1.18)
1.17
(1.06; 1.28)
600 mg EFV /300 mg TDF qd for 7 days1500 mg q12h for 7 days16
1.24
(1.13; 1.37)
1.10
(1.03; 1.17)
1.06
(0.98; 1.15)

12.4 Microbiology

Mechanism of Action

Telaprevir is an inhibitor of the HCV NS3/4A serine protease, necessary for the proteolytic cleavage of the HCV encoded polyprotein into mature forms of the NS4A, NS4B, NS5A and NS5B proteins and essential for viral replication. In a biochemical assay, telaprevir inhibited the proteolytic activity of the recombinant HCV NS3 protease domain with an IC50 value of 10 nM.

Antiviral Activity in Cell Culture

In an HCV subtype 1b replicon assay, the telaprevir EC50 value against wild-type HCV was 354 nM in a 2-day cell culture assay, and in a subtype 1a infectious virus assay, the EC50 value was 280 nM in a 5-day cell culture assay. In biochemical enzymatic assays, the median IC50 values of telaprevir against genotype 2, 3a, and 4a were 16 nM (range 6-32 nM; n=5), 40 nM (range 39-88 nM; n=5), and 130 nM (n=1), respectively, compared to a median IC50 value of 20 nM (range 16-23; n=2) for genotype 1a and 20 nM for genotype 1b (range 13-33; n=4). The presence of 40% human serum reduced the anti-HCV activity of telaprevir by approximately 10-fold. Evaluation of telaprevir in combination with interferon alfa or ribavirin showed no evidence of antagonism in reducing HCV RNA levels in HCV replicon cells.

Resistance

In Cell Culture

HCV genotype 1b replicons with reduced susceptibility to telaprevir have been selected in cell culture and characterized for telaprevir genotypic and phenotypic resistance. Additionally, resistance to telaprevir was evaluated in both biochemical and HCV genotype 1b replicon assays using site-directed mutants and recombinant NS3/4A from telaprevir Phase 2 clinical trials isolates. Variants V36A/M, T54A/S, R155K/T, A156S, R155T+D168N, and V36A+T54A conferred 3- to 25-fold reduced susceptibility to telaprevir; and A156V/T variants and the V36M/A+R155K/T and T54S/A+A156S/T double variants conferred greater than 62-fold reduced susceptibility to telaprevir. No amino acid substitutions were observed at the proteolytic cleavage sites.

In Clinical Trials

In a pooled analysis of subjects who did not achieve SVR (on-treatment virologic failure or relapse) from the controlled Phase 3 clinical trials, NS3 amino acid substitutions V36M/A/L, T54A/S, R155K/T, and A156S/T were determined to emerge frequently on INCIVEK treatment (Table 8). Nearly all of these substitutions have been shown to reduce telaprevir anti-HCV activity in cell culture or biochemical assays. No clear evidence of treatment-emergent substitutions in the NS3 helicase domain or NS4A coding regions of the HCV genome was observed among subjects treated with INCIVEK who did not achieve SVR.

Telaprevir treatment-emergent resistance substitutions emerged in the majority of isolates from subjects who did not achieve SVR (Table 8): in almost 100% of subjects who failed during 12 weeks of T/PR and in the majority of subjects who failed on PR after Week 12 or who relapsed.

HCV genotype 1 subtype-associated patterns of INCIVEK treatment-emergent amino acid substitutions were observed. Subjects with HCV genotype 1a predominately had V36M and R155K or the combination of these variants, while subjects with HCV genotype 1b predominately had V36A, T54A/S, and A156S/T variants (Table 8). Among subjects treated with telaprevir, on-treatment virologic failure was more frequent in subjects with genotype 1a than with genotype 1b and more frequent in prior null responders [see Clinical Studies (14)]. In the C211 Phase 3 clinical trial, there were no differences in the types of emerging variants between subjects receiving telaprevir 1125 mg twice daily and subjects receiving telaprevir 750 mg every 8 hours. Similar proportions of subjects in both treatment groups had telaprevir-resistant variants at the time of failure.

Table 8: Treatment-Emergent Substitutions in Pooled Phase 3 Trials: Subjects who did not achieve SVR24 in INCIVEK Combination Treatment Arms
Emerging Substitutions* in NS3Percent of No SVR Subjects (n)
N=525
Percent Subtype 1a
No SVR Subjects (n)
N=356
Percent Subtype 1b
No SVR Subjects (n)
N=169
*
Alone or in combination with other substitutions (includes mixtures)
Subjects with this combination are also encompassed in two V36M and R155K rows above.
Any substitution at V36, T54, R155, A156 or D16862% (323)69% (247)45% (76)
R155K/T38% (201)56% (200)0.6% (1)
V36M33% (178)49% (173)3% (5)
V36M + R155K27% (142)40% (142)0% (0)
T54A/S13% (68)9% (31)22% (37)
V36A/L12% (65)10% (37)17% (28)
A156S/T9% (48)8% (28)12% (20)
V36G/I, I132V, R155G/M, A156V/F/N or D168NLess than 2%Less than 2%Less than 2%

Persistence of Resistance-Associated Substitutions

Persistence of telaprevir-resistant NS3 amino acid substitutions has been observed following treatment failure. Of a combined 255 treatment-naïve and previously treated subjects from Trials 108, 111, and C216 in whom telaprevir-resistant variants had emerged during treatment, 103 (40%) had detectable resistant variants by population sequencing at end of trial (follow-up range 2-70 weeks, median 45 weeks) and results for loss of variants were similar across the 3 trials. In the combined trials, 46% of the telaprevir-resistant substitutions in subtype 1a and 16% of the substitutions in subtype 1b were still detected by the end of trial: 29% of V36, 16% of T54, 38% of R155, 14% of A156, and 44% of V36M+R155K variants were detected at the end of trial.

In a 3-year follow-up trial of 56 treatment-naïve and prior treatment-failure subjects who did not achieve SVR with a telaprevir regimen in a Phase 2 trial and had telaprevir-resistant variants after treatment failure, variants were detected by population sequencing in 11% (6/56) of subjects (median follow-up of 25 months). Telaprevir-resistant variants V36L/M, T54S, and R155K were detectable (present at greater than 25% of the viral population) in some subjects at 24 months. By 36 months, V36M, T54A/S, and A156N/S/T variants had fallen below the level of detection by population sequencing in all subjects. At 36 months, 3% of the subject isolates that had the R155K variant still had detectable R155K variants by population sequencing.

The lack of detection of a substitution based on a population-based assay does not necessarily indicate the substitution has declined to the pre-treatment level. The long-term clinical impact of the emergence or persistence of detectable INCIVEK resistance-associated substitutions is unknown. No data are available regarding INCIVEK efficacy among patients who were previously exposed to INCIVEK, or who previously failed treatment with a regimen containing INCIVEK.

Effect of Baseline HCV Substitutions/Polymorphisms on Treatment Response

A pooled analysis was conducted to explore the association between the detection (population-based assay) of baseline NS3/4A amino acid substitutions/polymorphisms and treatment outcome in Trials 108, 111, and C216. Baseline polymorphisms at NS3 position Q80 (Q80K, Q80L, Q80R), which are frequently observed in HCV genotype 1a-infected subjects and have been reported to reduce the activity of some HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors, were not associated with reduced INCIVEK efficacy.

Telaprevir-associated resistance substitutions (substitutions at positions V36, T54, R155 or D168) were present at baseline in 5% (117/2217) of the available subject samples in the combined clinical trials. Given the small number of subjects with baseline telaprevir resistance substitutions, conclusions about their effect on response outcomes when these substitutions are present at baseline cannot be determined.

Cross-Resistance

Treatment-emergent NS3 amino acid substitutions detected in subjects treated with INCIVEK who did not achieve SVR in the clinical trials (substitutions at positions V36, T54, R155, A156 or D168) have been demonstrated to reduce the anti-HCV activity of boceprevir and other HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors. The impact of prior INCIVEK exposure or treatment failure on the efficacy of boceprevir or other HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors has not been studied. INCIVEK efficacy has not been established for patients with a history of exposure to NS3/4A protease inhibitors.

Cross-resistance is not expected between INCIVEK and interferons, or INCIVEK and ribavirin. HCV replicons expressing telaprevir-associated resistance substitutions remained fully sensitive to interferon-alfa and ribavirin, as well as other direct-acting antivirals with different mechanisms of action, such as NS5B polymerase inhibitors.

12.5 Pharmacogenomics

A genetic variant near the gene encoding interferon-lambda-3 (IL28B rs12979860, a C to T change) is a strong predictor of response to peginterferon alfa and ribavirin (PR). rs12979860 was genotyped in 454 of 1088 subjects in Trial 108 (treatment-naïve) and 527 of 662 subjects in Trial C216 (previously treated) [see Clinical Studies (14.2 and 14.3) for trial descriptions]. SVR rates tended to be lower in subjects with the CT and TT genotypes compared to those with the CC genotype, particularly among treatment-naïve subjects receiving PR48 (Table 9). Among both treatment-naïve and previous treatment failures, subjects of all IL28B genotypes appeared to have higher SVR rates with regimens containing INCIVEK. The results of this retrospective subgroup analysis should be viewed with caution because of the small sample size and potential differences in demographic or clinical characteristics of the subtrial population relative to the overall trial population. In Trial C211, all subjects were prospectively tested for IL28B variants; there were no clinically relevant differences in SVR12 responses between q8h and twice-daily dosing within the genetic subgroups.

Table 9: SVR Rates by rs12979860 Genotype
Trialrs12979860 GenotypeSVR, n/N (%)
*
Lead-in and immediate start T12/PR regimens pooled.
T12/PRPbo/PR48
108 (treatment-naïve)C/C45/50 (90%)35/55 (64%)
C/T48/68 (71%)20/80 (25%)
T/T16/22 (73%)6/26 (23%)
T12 /PR48*Pbo/PR48
C216 (previously treated)C/C60/76 (79%)5/17 (29%)
C/T160/266 (60%)9/58 (16%)
T/T49/80 (61%)4/30 (13%)
C211 (treatment-naïve)T12 Twice Daily/PRT12 q8h/PR
C/C97/105 (92%)92/106 (87%)
C/T139/206 (67%)141/208 (68%)
T/T38/58 (66%)37/57 (65%)

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis

INCIVEK /Peginterferon Alfa/Ribavirin Combination Treatment

Ribavirin was shown to be genotoxic in several in vitro and in vivo assays. Ribavirin was not oncogenic in a 6-month p53+/- transgenic mouse study or a 2-year carcinogenicity study in rat. See the prescribing information for ribavirin.

INCIVEK (telaprevir) Tablets

Evidence of genotoxicity was not observed in a bacterial mutagenicity assay, in vitro mammalian chromosomal aberration assay, or in vivo micronucleus study in mouse. Telaprevir has not been tested for its carcinogenic potential.

Impairment of Fertility

INCIVEK /Peginterferon Alfa/Ribavirin Combination Treatment

Animal studies have shown that ribavirin induced reversible toxicity in males while peginterferon alfa may impair female fertility. See the prescribing information for ribavirin and peginterferon alfa.

INCIVEK (telaprevir) Tablets

Telaprevir treatment alone had effects on fertility parameters in rats. The no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for degenerative testicular toxicity was established at exposures 0.17-fold the human exposures at the recommended clinical dose. Potential effects on sperm (e.g., decreased % motile sperm and increased non-motile sperm count) were observed in a rat fertility study at exposures 0.30-fold the human exposures at the recommended clinical dose. Additional effects on fertility include minor increases in percent preimplantation loss, the percent of dams with nonviable embryos and percent of nonviable conceptuses per litter. These effects are likely associated with testicular toxicity in male rats but contributions of the female cannot be ruled out. Degenerative testicular toxicity was not observed in chronic toxicity studies in the dog. Furthermore, mean changes in proposed hormonal biomarkers of testicular toxicity among subjects who received telaprevir were comparable to placebo.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Description of Adult Clinical Trials

The efficacy and safety of INCIVEK in subjects with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C were evaluated in 4 adequate and well-controlled clinical trials: 3 in treatment-naïve subjects and one in previously treated subjects (relapsers, partial responders, and null responders). Subjects in these trials had compensated liver disease, detectable HCV RNA, and liver histopathology consistent with chronic hepatitis C. In the trials, INCIVEK was administered at a total daily dosage of 2250 mg as either 750 mg every 8 hours (Trials 108, 111, C211 and C216) or 1125 mg twice daily (Trial C211); the peginterferon alfa-2a (Peg-IFN-alfa-2a) dose was 180 micrograms per week, and the ribavirin (RBV) dose was 1000 mg per day (subjects weighing less than 75 kg) or 1200 mg per day (subjects weighing greater than or equal to 75 kg). Plasma HCV RNA values were measured during the clinical trials using the COBAS® TaqMan® HCV test (version 2.0), for use with the High Pure System. The assay had a lower limit of quantitation of 25 IU per mL.

For Trials 108, 111, and C216, SVR was defined as HCV RNA less than 25 IU per mL at last observation within the SVR visit window (i.e., weeks 32-78 for patients assigned to 24 weeks of treatment and weeks 56-78 for patients assigned to 48 weeks of treatment).

For Trial C211, SVR was defined as HCV RNA less than 25 IU/mL and assessed 12 weeks after the planned end of treatment, using the last measurement in the visit window.

14.2 Treatment-Naïve Adults

Trial 108 (ADVANCE)

Trial 108 was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial conducted in treatment-naïve subjects (had received no prior therapy for HCV, including interferon or pegylated interferon monotherapy). INCIVEK was given for the first 8 weeks of treatment (T8/PR regimen) or the first 12 weeks of treatment (T12/PR regimen) in combination with Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for either 24 or 48 weeks. Subjects who had undetectable HCV RNA (Target Not Detected) at weeks 4 and 12 (extended Rapid Virologic Response [eRVR]) received 24 weeks of Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV treatment, and subjects who did not have undetectable HCV RNA at weeks 4 and 12 (no eRVR) received 48 weeks of Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV treatment. The control regimen (Pbo/PR48) had a fixed treatment duration, with telaprevir-matching placebo for the first 12 weeks and Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 48 weeks.

The 1088 enrolled subjects had a median age of 49 years (range: 18 to 69); 59% of the subjects were male; 23% had a body mass index greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2; 9% were Black; 11% were Hispanic or Latino; 77% had baseline HCV RNA levels greater than 800,000 IU per mL; 15% had bridging fibrosis; 6% had cirrhosis; 59% had HCV genotype 1a; and 40% had HCV genotype 1b.

Table 10 shows the response rates for the T12/PR and Pbo/PR48 groups.

Table 10: Response Rates: Trial 108
Treatment OutcomeT12/PR
N = 363
n/N (%)
Pbo/PR48
N = 361
n/N (%)
*
On-treatment virologic failure was defined as meeting a protocol-defined stopping rule and/or having detectable HCV RNA at end of treatment with viral breakthrough.
Relapse was defined as having less than 25 IU/mL at last observation within the planned end of treatment visit window followed by detectable HCV RNA during follow-up.
Other includes subjects with detectable HCV RNA at the time of their last trial drug but who did not have viral breakthrough, and subjects with a missing SVR assessment.
Overall SVR 79% (285/363)46% (166/361)
eRVR58% (212/363)8% (29/361)
  SVR in eRVR subjects92% (195/212)93% (27/29)
No eRVR42% (151/363)92% (332/361)
  SVR in no eRVR subjects60% (90/151)42% (139/332)
Outcome for Subjects without SVR
On-treatment virologic failure*7% (26/363)29% (105/361)
Relapse4% (11/298)24% (53/220)
Other11% (41/363)10% (37/361)

In the T8/PR group, the overall SVR rate was 72%. The eRVR rate was 57% and the SVR rate for eRVR subjects was 86%. The SVR rate for no eRVR subjects was 52%. More subjects in the T8/PR group experienced virologic failure after Week 12 while receiving peginterferon alfa and ribavirin alone, 7% compared to 4% in T12/PR group.

SVR rates were higher (absolute difference of at least 22%) for the T12/PR group than for the Pbo/PR48 group across subgroups by sex, age, race, ethnicity, body mass index, HCV genotype subtype, baseline HCV RNA (less than 800,000, greater than or equal to 800,000 IU per mL), and extent of liver fibrosis. However, there were small numbers of subjects enrolled in some key subgroups. In the T12/PR group:

  • Twenty-one subjects had cirrhosis at baseline and the overall SVR in these subjects was 71% (15/21). Among subjects with cirrhosis, 43% (9/21) were assigned to 24 weeks of treatment and of those 78% (7/9) achieved SVR.
  • Twenty-six subjects were Black/African Americans. The overall SVR among Black/African American subjects was 62% (16/26). Among these subjects, 35% (9/26) were assigned to 24 weeks of treatment and of those 89% (8/9) achieved SVR.

Trial 111 (ILLUMINATE)

Trial 111 was a randomized, open-label trial conducted in treatment-naïve subjects. The trial was designed to compare SVR rates in subjects achieving eRVR who were treated with INCIVEK for 12 weeks in combination with Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for either 24 weeks (T12/PR24 regimen) or 48 weeks (T12/PR48 regimen).

The 540 enrolled subjects had a median age of 51 years (range: 19 to 70); 60% were male; 32% had a body mass index greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2; 14% were Black; 10% were Hispanic or Latino; 82% had baseline HCV RNA levels greater than 800,000 IU per mL; 16% had bridging fibrosis; 11% had cirrhosis; 72% had HCV genotype 1a; and 27% had HCV genotype 1b.

The overall SVR rate for all subjects enrolled in the trial was 74%. A total of 352 (65%) subjects achieved eRVR and of those 322 (60%) were randomized to 24 weeks (T12/PR24, n=162) or 48 weeks (T12/PR48, n=160) of treatment. The SVR rates were similar at 92% (T12/PR24) and 90% (T12/PR48), respectively. Again, small numbers of subjects were enrolled in some key subgroups:

  • Sixty-one (11%) of subjects had cirrhosis at baseline. Among subjects with cirrhosis, 30 (49%) achieved an eRVR: 18 were randomized to T12/PR24 and 12 to T12/PR48. The SVR rates were 61% (11/18) for the T12/PR24 group and 92% (11/12) for the T12/PR48 group.
  • Blacks/African Americans comprised 14% (73/540) of trial subjects. Thirty-four (47%) Black/African American subjects achieved an eRVR and were randomized to T12/PR24 or T12/PR48. The respective SVR rates were 88% (15/17) and 88% (15/17), compared to 92% (244/266) for Caucasians among randomized subjects.

Trial C211 (OPTIMIZE)

Trial C211 was a randomized, open-label, Phase 3 trial conducted in treatment-naïve subjects. Enrolled subjects received 12 weeks of either INCIVEK 750 mg every 8 hours [T12(q8h)/PR] or INCIVEK 1125 mg twice daily [T12( twice daily)/PR] in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin. The trial was designed to compare twice-daily dosing [T12(twice daily)/PR] versus q8h dosing [T12(q8h)/PR] of INCIVEK. At week 12, INCIVEK dosing ended and subjects continued on peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin treatment. The total treatment duration was determined based on the subjects' individual on-treatment viral response. If a subject achieved undetectable HCV RNA < 25 IU/mL (target not detected) at week 4, the total treatment duration was 24 weeks. Otherwise, the total treatment duration was 48 weeks.

The 740 enrolled subjects had a median age of 51 years (range: 18 to 70); 60% of the subjects were male; 21% had a body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2; 5% were Black; 2% were Asian; 85% had baseline HCV RNA levels ≥ 800,000 IU/ml; 15% had bridging fibrosis; 14% had cirrhosis; 57% had HCV genotype 1a; and 43% had HCV genotype 1b.

Table 11 shows the response rates for the T12(twice daily)/PR group and the T12(q8h)/PR groups by treatment outcomes. The overall SVR rates were similar at 74% [T12(twice daily)/PR; 274/369] and 73% [T12(q8h)/PR; 270/371], respectively.

Table 11: Response Rates: Trial C211
Treatment outcomeT12(twice daily)/PR
N = 369
% (n/N)
T12(q8h)/PR
N = 371
% (n/N)
T12(twice daily)/PR: INCIVEK 1125 mg twice daily for 12 weeks with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin for 24 or 48 weeks; T12(q8h)/PR: INCIVEK 750 mg every 8 hours for 12 weeks with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin for 24 or 48 weeks
*
Subjects with planned total treatment duration of 24 weeks.
On-treatment-virologic failure includes subjects who met a protocol-defined virologic stopping rule and/or who had detectable HCV RNA at the time of their last dose of study drug and had viral breakthrough.
Relapse was defined as having less than 25 IU/mL at the planned end of treatment followed by HCV RNA ≥ 25 IU/ml at the last observation within the SVR follow-up visit window.
§
Other includes subjects with detectable HCV RNA at the planned end of treatment but who did not have viral breakthrough, and subjects with a missing SVR assessment during planned follow-up.
SVR74% (274/369)73% (270/371)
Undetectable HCV RNA (target not detected) at week 4*69% (256/369)67% (250/371)
SVR in subjects with undetectable HCV RNA (target not detected) at week 486% (221/256)85% (213/250)
SVR in subjects who did not have undetectable HCV RNA at week 447% (53/113)47% (57/121)
Outcome for Subjects without SVR26% (95/369)27% (101/371)
On-treatment virologic failure10% (38/369)10% (36/371)
Relapse8% (23/300)6% (19/293)
Other§9% (34/369)12% (46/371)

SVR rates were similar for the T12(twice daily)/PR and T12(q8h)/PR groups across subgroups determined by sex, age, race, ethnicity, body mass index, HCV genotype subtype, IL28B genotype, baseline HCV RNA (less than 800,000, greater than or equal to 800,000 IU per mL), and extent of liver fibrosis. However, there were small numbers of subjects enrolled in some key subgroups.

  • Fifty-four and 49 subjects in T12(twice daily)/PR and T12(q8h)/PR groups, respectively, had cirrhosis at baseline. The SVR rate in these subjects was 54% (29/54) in the T12(twice daily)/PR group and 49% (24/49) in the T12(q8h)/PR group. In the T12(twice daily)/PR group, 52% (28/54) of subjects with cirrhosis achieved undetectable HCV RNA (target not detected) at week 4; their SVR rate was 68% (19/28). In the T12(q8h)/PR group, 59% (29/49) achieved undetectable HCV RNA (target not detected) at week 4; their SVR was 59% (17/29). The SVR rate for subjects assigned 48 weeks of treatment was 38% (10/26) in the T12(twice daily)/PR group and 35% (7/20) in the T12(q8h)/PR.
  • Thirty-five subjects were Black/African Americans. The overall SVR among Black/African American subjects was 50% (10/20) in the T12(twice daily)/PR group and 60% (9/15) in the T12(q8h)/PR group. Among these subjects, 46% (16/35) were assigned to 24 weeks of treatment and of those 88% (14/16) achieved SVR.

14.3 Previously Treated Adults

Trial C216 (REALIZE)

Trial C216 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted in subjects who did not achieve SVR with prior treatment with Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV or Peg-IFN-alfa-2b/RBV. The trial enrolled prior relapsers (subjects with HCV RNA undetectable at end of treatment with a pegylated interferon-based regimen, but HCV RNA detectable within 24 weeks of treatment follow-up) and prior non-responders (subjects who did not have undetectable HCV RNA levels during or at the end of a prior course of at least 12 weeks of treatment). The nonresponder population included 2 subgroups: prior partial responders (greater than or equal to 2-log10 reduction in HCV RNA at week 12, but not achieving HCV RNA undetectable at end of treatment with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin) and prior null responders (less than 2-log10 reduction in HCV RNA at week 12 of prior treatment with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin).

Subjects were randomized in a 2:2:1 ratio to one of 2 INCIVEK combination treatment groups (with and without a Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV lead-in) or a control group. The T12/PR48 group received INCIVEK and Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 12 weeks (without a lead-in), followed by placebo and Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 4 weeks, followed by Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 32 weeks. The T12(DS)/PR48 group had a lead-in (delayed start of INCIVEK) with placebo and Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 4 weeks, followed by INCIVEK and Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 12 weeks, followed by Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 32 weeks. The Pbo/PR48 group received placebo and Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 16 weeks, followed by Peg-IFN-alfa-2a/RBV for 32 weeks.

The 662 enrolled subjects had a median age of 51 years (range: 21 to 70); 70% of the subjects were male; 26% had a body mass index greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2; 5% were Black; 11% were Hispanic or Latino; 89% had baseline HCV RNA levels greater than 800,000 IU per mL; 22% had bridging fibrosis; 26% had cirrhosis; 54% had HCV genotype 1a, and 46% had HCV genotype 1b. Null and partial responders had higher baseline HCV RNA levels and more advanced liver disease (cirrhosis) than relapsers; other characteristics were similar across these populations.

The lead-in and immediate start regimens produced comparable SVR and no SVR rates, so data from these 2 groups were pooled (Table 12).

Table 12: Response Rates: Trial C216
Treatment OutcomeAll T12/PR48*
% (n/N)
Pbo/PR48
% (n/N)
*
Lead-in and immediate start T12/PR regimens pooled
On-treatment virologic failure includes subjects who met a protocol-defined virologic stopping rule or who had detectable HCV RNA at the time of their last dose of INCIVEK and subjects who had viral breakthrough on peginterferon alfa/ribavirin.
Relapse rates are calculated with a denominator of subjects with undetectable HCV RNA (Target Not Detected) at the end of treatment.
SVR rate
Prior relapsers86% (246/286)22% (15/68)
Prior partial responders59% (57/97)15% (4/27)
Prior null responders32% (47/147)5% (2/37)
Treatment Outcomes for Subjects Without SVR
On-treatment virologic failure
Prior relapsers1% (3/286)26% (18/68)
Prior partial responders18% (17/97)70% (19/27)
Prior null responders52% (76/147)84% (31/37)
Relapse
Prior relapsers3% (8/254)63% (27/43)
Prior partial responders20% (14/71)0% (0/4)
Prior null responders24% (15/62)50% (2/4)

Among prior relapsers, 76% (218/286) achieved an eRVR and of those 95% (208/218) achieved an SVR. In an earlier, dose-finding clinical trial, 78% (52/67) of prior relapsers achieved an eRVR and were treated with 24 weeks of peginterferon alfa and ribavirin (T12/PR24); of those 94% (49/52) achieved an SVR.

For all populations in the trial (prior relapsers, prior partial responders, and prior null responders), SVR rates were higher for the T12/PR group than for the Pbo/PR48 group across subgroups by sex, age, ethnicity, body mass index, HCV genotype subtype, baseline HCV RNA level, and extent of liver fibrosis.

Twenty-six percent (139/530) of subjects treated with INCIVEK had cirrhosis at baseline. SVR rates among cirrhotic subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment compared to Pbo/PR48 were: 84% (48/57) compared to 7% (1/15) for prior relapsers, 34% (11/32) compared to 20% (1/5) for prior partial responders, and 14% (7/50) compared to 10% (1/10) for prior null responders.

Four percent (19/530) of treatment experienced subjects who received INCIVEK combination treatment were Black/African Americans; the SVR rate for these subjects was 63% (12/19) compared to 66% (328/498) for Caucasians.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

INCIVEK® (telaprevir) is supplied as purple film-coated capsule-shaped tablets containing 375 mg of telaprevir. Each tablet is debossed with the characters "V 375" on one side and is packaged as follows:

28-day packer contains 4 weekly cartons of 7 blister strips each (6 tablets per blister strip): twice-daily dose NDC 51167-100-03

Store at 25ºC (77ºF); excursions permitted to 15-30ºC (59-86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Medication Guide).

Serious Skin Reactions/Rash

Patients should be informed that INCIVEK combination treatment may cause rash. The rash can be serious, may be accompanied by fever and skin breakdown, may require urgent treatment in a hospital, and may result in death [see also Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Patients should promptly report any skin changes or itching to their healthcare provider. Patients should not stop INCIVEK due to rash unless instructed by their healthcare provider.

Pregnancy

Ribavirin must not be used by women who are pregnant or by men whose female partners are pregnant. Ribavirin therapy should not be initiated until a report of a negative pregnancy test has been obtained immediately before starting therapy. Because INCIVEK must be used in combination with ribavirin and peginterferon alfa, the contraindications and warnings applicable to those drugs are applicable to combination treatment. INCIVEK combination treatment is contraindicated in women who are pregnant and in men whose female partners are pregnant (see also the prescribing information for ribavirin).

Patients must be advised of the teratogenic/embryocidal risks of ribavirin and should be advised that extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy in female patients and in female partners of male patients—both during treatment and for 6 months after the completion of all treatment. Women of childbearing potential must be counseled about use of effective contraception (2 methods) prior to initiating treatment. Patients (both male and female) should be advised to notify their healthcare provider immediately in the event of a pregnancy [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Patients should also be advised that hormonal contraceptives may not be reliable during INCIVEK dosing and for up to 2 weeks following cessation of INCIVEK [see Drug Interactions (7)]. During this time, female patients of childbearing potential should use 2 non-hormonal methods of effective birth control. Examples of non-hormonal methods of contraception include a male condom with spermicidal jelly OR female condom with spermicidal jelly (a combination of a male condom and a female condom is not suitable), a diaphragm with spermicidal jelly, a cervical cap with spermicidal jelly, or an intrauterine device (IUD).

Hepatitis C Virus Transmission

Patients should be informed that the effect of treatment of hepatitis C infection on transmission is not known, and that appropriate precautions to prevent transmission of the hepatitis C virus during treatment or in the event of treatment failure should be taken.

Importance of Hydration

Patients should be informed about the importance of hydration and fluid intake during INCIVEK combination treatment. Patients should be instructed to recognize the signs and symptoms of dehydration such as increased thirst, dry mouth, decreased urine output, and more concentrated urine. Patients should be advised to contact their healthcare provider if oral fluid intake is poor or if the patient is experiencing severe vomiting and/or diarrhea.

Administration

Patients should be advised INCIVEK must be administered in combination with both peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. If peginterferon alfa and/or ribavirin is discontinued for any reason, INCIVEK must also be discontinued.

Patients should be advised that the dose of INCIVEK must not be reduced or interrupted, as it may increase the possibility of treatment failure.

The recommended dose of INCIVEK tablets is 1125 mg (three 375-mg tablets) taken orally twice daily (10-14 hours apart) with food containing approximately 20 grams of fat. Patients should be advised that the fat content of the meal or snack is critical for the absorption of telaprevir. Food that is taken with INCIVEK should be ingested within 30 minutes prior to each INCIVEK dose. Examples of some foods that could be taken with INCIVEK include: a bagel with cream cheese, ½ cup nuts, 3 tablespoons peanut butter, 1 cup ice cream, 2 ounces American or cheddar cheese, 2 ounces potato chips, or ½ cup trail mix.

Patients should be instructed to swallow INCIVEK tablets whole (e.g., patients should not chew, crush, break, cut, or dissolve the tablets).

Patients should be informed about what to do in the event they miss a dose of INCIVEK:

  • In case a dose of INCIVEK is missed within 6 hours of the time it is usually taken, patients should be instructed to take the prescribed dose of INCIVEK with food as soon as possible.
  • If more than 6 hours has passed since INCIVEK is usually taken, the missed dose should NOT be taken and the patient should resume the usual dosing schedule.
  • Patients should be advised to contact their healthcare provider if they have questions.

Patients should be advised that they can contact the local Poison Control Center in the event of an overdose.

Manufactured for
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
Cambridge, MA 02139

U.S. Patent Nos. 7,820,671 and 8,529,882

©2013 Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated

All rights reserved.

INCIVEK and the Blue Arrow logo are registered trademarks of Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated. VERTEX and the VERTEX triangle logo are registered trademarks of Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated.

The brands listed are the registered trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated.

91461

MEDICATION GUIDE
INCIVEK (in-SEE-veck)
(telaprevir)
Tablets

Read this Medication Guide before you start taking INCIVEK® and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

INCIVEK is taken along with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. You should also read those Medication Guides.

What is the most important information I should know about INCIVEK?

INCIVEK combination treatment may cause serious side effects including:

1.
Skin rash and serious skin reactions. Skin rashes are common with INCIVEK combination treatment. Sometimes these skin rashes and other skin reactions can become serious, require treatment in a hospital, and may lead to death.
  • Call your healthcare provider right away if you develop any skin changes or itching during treatment with INCIVEK.
  • Your healthcare provider will decide if your skin changes or any of the following symptoms may be a sign of a serious skin reaction:
    • skin rash, with or without itching
    • fever
    • swelling of your face
    • blisters or skin lesions
    • mouth sores or ulcers
    • red or inflamed eyes, like "pink eye" (conjunctivitis)
  • Your healthcare provider will decide if you need treatment for your skin rash or if you need to stop taking INCIVEK, or any of your other medicines.
  • Never stop taking INCIVEK combination treatment without talking with your healthcare provider first.

See "What are the possible side effects of INCIVEK?" for more information about side effects.

2.
Low red blood cell count (anemia), which can be severe. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms of anemia:
  • dizziness
  • shortness of breath
  • tiredness
  • weakness
Your healthcare provider will do blood tests regularly to check your red blood cell count during treatment. If your anemia is severe, your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking INCIVEK. If INCIVEK is stopped for this reason, do not start taking it again.
3.
Birth defects or death of your unborn baby. INCIVEK in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin may cause birth defects or death of your unborn baby. If you are pregnant or your sexual partner is pregnant or plans to become pregnant, do not take these medicines. You or your sexual partner should not become pregnant while taking INCIVEK with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin and for 6 months after treatment is over.

If you are a female who can become pregnant, or you are a female whose male partner takes these medicines:

 
  • You must have a negative pregnancy test before starting treatment, each month during treatment, and for 6 months after your treatment ends.
  • You must use 2 forms of effective birth control during treatment and for the 6 months after treatment with these medicines. Hormonal forms of birth control including birth control pills, vaginal rings, implants, or injections may not work during treatment with INCIVEK. You could become pregnant. Talk to your healthcare provider about other forms of birth control that may be used during this time. If your healthcare provider tells you to stop taking INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, you must still use 2 forms of birth control for the 6 months after treatment with these medicines. You may use a hormonal form of birth control as one of your 2 forms of birth control after 2 weeks of stopping INCIVEK.
  • If you or your female sexual partner becomes pregnant while taking INCIVEK, peginterferon alfa, and ribavirin or within 6 months after you stop taking these medicines, tell your healthcare provider right away. You or your healthcare provider should contact the Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry by calling 1-800-593-2214. The Ribavirin Pregnancy Registry collects information about what happens to mothers and their babies if the mother takes ribavirin while she is pregnant.
4.
Do not take INCIVEK alone to treat chronic hepatitis C infection. INCIVEK must be used with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin to treat chronic hepatitis C infection.

What is INCIVEK?

INCIVEK is a prescription medicine used with the medicines peginterferon alfa and ribavirin to treat chronic (lasting a long time) hepatitis C genotype 1 infection in adults with stable liver problems, who have not been treated before or who have failed previous treatment.

It is not known if INCIVEK is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.

Who should not take INCIVEK?

Do not take INCIVEK if you:

  • are pregnant or may become pregnant. See "What is the most important information I should know about INCIVEK?"
  • are a man with a sexual partner who is pregnant.
  • take certain medicines. INCIVEK may cause serious side effects when taken with certain medicines. Read the section "What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking INCIVEK?"

Talk to your healthcare provider before taking INCIVEK if any of the above applies to you.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking INCIVEK?

Before you take INCIVEK, tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • have certain blood problems, such as low red blood cell count (anemia)
  • have liver problems other than hepatitis C infection
  • have hepatitis B infection
  • have Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection or any other problems with your immune system
  • history of gout or high uric acid levels in your blood
  • have had an organ transplant
  • plan to have surgery
  • have any other medical condition
  • are breastfeeding. It is not known if INCIVEK passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take INCIVEK or breastfeed. You should not do both.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

INCIVEK and other medicines can affect each other. This can cause you to have too much or not enough INCIVEK or your other medicines in your body, and cause side effects that can be serious or life-threatening. Your healthcare provider may need to change the amount of medicine you take.

Do not take INCIVEK if you take a medicine that contains:

  • alfuzosin hydrochloride (Uroxatral®)
  • carbamazepine (Carbatrol®, Equetro®, Tegretol®)
  • cisapride (Propulsid®)
  • ergot, including:
    • dihydroergotamine mesylate (D.H.E. 45®, Migranal®)
    • ergotamine tartrate (Cafergot®, Migergot®, Ergomar®, Ergostat®, Medihaler Ergotamine, Wigraine®, Wigrettes)
    • methylergonovine maleate (Ergotrate®, Methergine®)
  • lovastatin (Advicor®, Altoprev®, Mevacor®)
  • midazolam, when taken by mouth
  • phenobarbital
  • phenytoin (Dilantin®, Phenytek®)
  • pimozide (Orap®)
  • rifampin (Rifadin®, Rifamate®, Rifater®)
  • sildenafil citrate (Revatio®) or tadalafil (Adcirca®) for the lung problem, pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH)
  • simvastatin (Zocor®, Vytorin®, Simcor®)
  • St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) or products containing St. John's wort
  • triazolam (Halcion®)

Tell your healthcare provider if you are taking or starting to take medicines that contain:

  • atorvastatin (Lipitor®, Caduet®)
  • budesonide (Pulmicort®, Rhinocort®, Symbicort®)
  • colchicine (Colcrys®)
  • darunavir (Prezista®) and ritonavir (Norvir®)
  • fluticasone (Advair®, Flonase®, Flovent®, Veramyst®)
  • fosamprenavir (Lexiva®) and ritonavir (Norvir®)
  • lopinavir and ritonavir (Kaletra®)
  • methylprednisolone (Medrol®)
  • prednisone
  • rifabutin (Mycobutin®)
  • salmeterol (Advair®, Serevent®)

Your healthcare provider may need to monitor your therapy more closely if you take INCIVEK with the following medicines. Talk to your healthcare provider if you are taking or starting to take medicines that contain:

  • alfentanil (Alfenta®)
  • alprazolam (Xanax®)
  • amiodarone (Cordarone®, Pacerone®)
  • amlodipine (Norvasc®)
  • atazanavir and ritonavir (Reyataz®, Norvir®)
  • bepridil hydrochloride (Vascor®, Bepadin)
  • bosentan (Tracleer®)
  • clarithromycin (Biaxin®, Prevpac®)
  • colchicine (Colcrys®)
  • cyclosporine (Gengraf®, Neoral®, Sandimmune®)
  • dexamethasone
  • digoxin (Lanoxin®)
  • diltiazem (Cardizem®, Dilacor XR®, Tiazac®)
  • efavirenz (Sustiva®, Atripla®)
  • erythromycin (E.E.S.®, Eryc®, Ery-Tab®, Erythrocin®, Erythrocin Stearate®)
  • escitalopram (Lexapro®)
  • ethinyl estradiol containing birth control methods (Lo Loestrin™ FE, Norinyl®, Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo®)
  • felodipine (Plendil®)
  • fentanyl (Duragesic®, Subsys®)
  • flecainide (Tambocor™)
  • fluvastatin (Lescol®, Lescol® XL)
  • itraconazole (Sporanox®)
  • ketoconazole (Nizoral®)
  • methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose™)
  • nicardipine (Cardene®)
  • nifedipine (Adalat®, Procardia®)
  • nisoldipine (Sular®)
  • pitavastatin (Livalo®)
  • posaconazole (Noxafil®)
  • pravastatin (Pravachol®)
  • propafenone (Rythmol®)
  • quinidine (Nuedexta®)
  • repaglinide (Prandin®)
  • rosuvastatin (Crestor®)
  • sildenafil for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (Viagra®)
  • sirolimus (Rapamune®)
  • tacrolimus (Prograf®)
  • tadalafil for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (Cialis®)
  • telithromycin (Ketek®)
  • tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Atripla®, Complera®, Truvada®, Viread®)
  • trazodone (Desyrel®, Trialodine, Oleptro™)
  • vardenafil for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (Levitra®, Staxyn®)
  • verapamil (Calan®, Covera-HS®, Isoptin®, Tarka®)
  • voriconazole (Vfend®)
  • warfarin (Coumadin®)
  • zolpidem (Ambien®, Edluar®)

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them with you and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine.

How should I take INCIVEK?

  • Take INCIVEK exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. Your healthcare provider will tell you how much INCIVEK to take and when to take it.
  • Take INCIVEK 2 times a day. Each dose should be taken 10 to 14 hours apart. Eat a meal or snack that contains about 20 grams of fat, within 30 minutes before you take each dose of INCIVEK. Talk to your healthcare provider about examples of foods that you can eat that contain about 20 grams of fat. Always take INCIVEK with food.
  • Swallow INCIVEK tablets whole. Do not chew, crush, break, cut, or dissolve the tablets before you swallow them. Tell your healthcare provider if you have problems swallowing whole tablets.
  • If you miss a dose within 6 hours of when you usually take it, take your dose with food as soon as possible.
  • If you miss a dose and it is more than 6 hours after the time you usually take it, skip that dose only and take the next dose at your normal dosing schedule.
  • Do not stop taking INCIVEK unless your healthcare provider tells you to. If you think there is a reason to stop taking INCIVEK, talk to your healthcare provider before doing so.
  • If your healthcare provider tells you to stop taking INCIVEK, you should not start taking it again even if the reason for stopping goes away.
  • If you take too much INCIVEK or overdose, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.

What are the possible side effects of INCIVEK?

INCIVEK may cause serious side effects including:

See "What is the most important information I should know about INCIVEK?"

Common side effects of INCIVEK in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin include:

  • itching
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • anal or rectal problems, including:
    • hemorrhoids
    • discomfort or burning around or near the anus
    • itching around or near the anus
  • taste changes
  • tiredness

It is important to stay hydrated with fluids during INCIVEK combination treatment. Signs and symptoms of dehydration include increased thirst, dry mouth, decreased urine frequency or volume, and dark colored urine. Tell your healthcare provider if you cannot drink fluids, eat, or have severe vomiting or diarrhea.

Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of INCIVEK. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

You may also report side effects to Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated at 1-877-824-4281.

How should I store INCIVEK?

  • Store INCIVEK tablets at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

Keep INCIVEK and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about INCIVEK

It is not known if treatment with INCIVEK will prevent you from infecting another person with the hepatitis C virus during treatment or if you do not respond to treatment.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use INCIVEK for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give INCIVEK to other people, even if they have the same symptoms or condition you have. It may harm them.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about INCIVEK. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about INCIVEK that is written for healthcare professionals.

For more information, go to www.incivek.com or call 1-877-824-4281.

What are the ingredients in INCIVEK?

Active ingredient: telaprevir

Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, D&C Red No. 40, dibasic calcium phosphate (anhydrous), FD&C Blue No. 2, hypromellose acetate succinate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium stearyl fumarate, talc, and titanium dioxide.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Manufactured for

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated

Cambridge, MA 02139

Revised 10/2013

©2013 Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated

All rights reserved.

INCIVEK and the Blue Arrow logo are registered trademarks of Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated. VERTEX and the VERTEX triangle logo are registered trademarks of Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated.

The brands listed are trademarks of their respective owners. They are not trademarks of Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated. The makers of these brands are not affiliated with and do not endorse Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated or its products.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 168 Tablet Carton

NDC 51167-100-03

Twice Daily

INCIVEK®
(telaprevir)
Tablets

375 mg

NEW PACKAGING

168 TABLETS

ATTENTION PHARMACIST: Dispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each patient.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 168 Tablet Carton
INCIVEK 
telaprevir tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:51167-100
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
telaprevir (telaprevir) telaprevir375 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
CALCIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC, ANHYDROUS 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM 
SILICON DIOXIDE 
SODIUM STEARYL FUMARATE 
HYPROMELLOSE ACETATE SUCCINATE 06081224 (3 MM2/S) 
SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE 
POLYVINYL ALCOHOL 
TITANIUM DIOXIDE 
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350 
TALC 
FD&C Blue No. 2 
FD&C Red No. 40 
Product Characteristics
ColorPURPLEScoreno score
ShapeOVALSize20mm
FlavorImprint Code V;375
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:51167-100-014 in 1 CARTON
17 in 1 BOX
16 in 1 BLISTER PACK
2NDC:51167-100-034 in 1 CARTON
27 in 1 BOX
26 in 1 BLISTER PACK
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA20191705/23/2011
Labeler - Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated (602478257)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated602478257MANUFACTURE(51167-100)

Revised: 10/2013
 
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated

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