ZYPREXA RELPREVV- olanzapine pamoate   
Eli Lilly and Company

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ZYPREXA RELPREVV safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ZYPREXA RELPREVV.
ZYPREXA RELPREVV (olanzapine) For Extended Release Injectable Suspension
Initial U.S. Approval: 1996

WARNING: POST-INJECTION DELIRIUM/SEDATION SYNDROME AND INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

  • Patients are at risk for severe sedation (including coma) and/or delirium after each injection and must be observed for at least 3 hours in a registered facility with ready access to emergency response services. Because of this risk, ZYPREXA RELPREVV is available only through a restricted distribution program called ZYPREXA RELPREVV Patient Care Program and requires prescriber, healthcare facility, patient, and pharmacy enrollment. (2.1, 5.1, 5.2, 10.2, 17.2)
  • Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. (5.3, 5.16, 17.3)

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

None.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ZYPREXA® RELPREVV is a long-acting atypical antipsychotic for intramuscular injection indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. (1.1)

Efficacy was established in two clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia: one 8-week trial in adults and one maintenance trial in adults. (14.1)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

150 mg/2 wks, 300 mg/4 wks, 210 mg/2 wks, 405 mg/4 wks, or 300 mg/2 wks. See Table 1 for dosing recommendations. (2.1)

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is intended for deep intramuscular gluteal injection only.

  • Do not administer intravenously or subcutaneously. (2.1)
  • Be aware that there are two ZYPREXA intramuscular formulations with different dosing schedules. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular (10 mg/vial) is a short-acting formulation and should not be confused with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. (2.1)
  • Establish tolerability with oral olanzapine prior to initiating treatment. (2.1)
  • ZYPREXA RELPREVV doses above 405 mg every 4 weeks or 300 mg every 2 weeks have not been evaluated in clinical trials. (2.1)
  • Use in specific populations (including renal and hepatic impaired, and pediatric population) has not been studied. (2.1)
  • Must be suspended using only the diluent for ZYPREXA RELPREVV provided in the convenience kit. (2.2)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Powder for suspension for intramuscular use only: 210 mg/vial, 300 mg/vial, and 405 mg/vial (3, 11, 16)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None. (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Increased risk of death and increased incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g. stroke, transient ischemic attack). (5.3)
  • Suicide: The possibility of a suicide attempt is inherent in schizophrenia, and close supervision of high-risk patients should accompany drug therapy. (5.4)
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: Manage with immediate discontinuation and close monitoring. (5.5)
  • Hyperglycemia: In some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients taking olanzapine. Patients taking olanzapine should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia and undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.6)
  • Hyperlipidemia: Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed. Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended, including fasting blood lipid testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.7)
  • Weight Gain: Potential consequences of weight gain should be considered. Patients should receive regular monitoring of weight. (5.8)
  • Tardive Dyskinesia: Discontinue if clinically appropriate. (5.9)
  • Orthostatic Hypotension: Orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia, bradycardia and, in some patients, syncope, may occur especially during initial dose titration. Use caution in patients with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and those conditions that could affect hemodynamic responses. (5.10)
  • Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis: Has been reported with antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA. Patients with a history of a clinically significant low white blood cell count (WBC) or drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and discontinuation of ZYPREXA RELPREVV should be considered at the first sign of a clinically significant decline in WBC in the absence of other causative factors. (5.11)
  • Seizures: Use cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure threshold. (5.13)
  • Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment: Has potential to impair judgment, thinking, and motor skills. Use caution when operating machinery. (5.14)
  • Hyperprolactinemia: May elevate prolactin levels. (5.17)
  • Laboratory Tests: Monitor fasting blood glucose and lipid profiles at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.18)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Most common adverse reactions (≥5% in at least one of the treatment groups and greater than placebo) associated with ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment: headache, sedation, weight gain, cough, diarrhea, back pain, nausea, somnolence, dry mouth, nasopharyngitis, increased appetite, and vomiting. (6.1)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Eli Lilly and Company at 1-800-LillyRx (1-800-545-5979) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • CNS Acting Drugs: Caution should be used when used in combination with other centrally acting drugs and alcohol. (7.2)
  • Antihypertensive Agents: Enhanced antihypertensive effect. (7.2)
  • Levodopa and Dopamine Agonists: May antagonize levodopa/dopamine agonists. (7.2)
  • Diazepam: May potentiate orthostatic hypotension. (7.1, 7.2)
  • Alcohol: May potentiate orthostatic hypotension. (7.1)
  • Carbamazepine: Increased clearance of olanzapine. (7.1)
  • Fluvoxamine: May increase olanzapine levels. (7.1)

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

  • Pregnancy: ZYPREXA RELPREVV should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. (8.1)
  • Nursing Mothers: Breast-feeding is not recommended. (8.3)
  • Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA RELPREVV in children <18 years of age have not been established. (8.4)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

Revised: 9/2013

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

WARNING: POST-INJECTION DELIRIUM/SEDATION SYNDROME AND INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Schizophrenia

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Dosage

2.2 Instructions to Reconstitute and Administer ZYPREXA RELPREVV

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Post-Injection Delirium/Sedation Syndrome

5.2 Prescribing and Distribution Program for ZYPREXA RELPREVV

5.3 Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

5.4 Suicide

5.5 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

5.6 Hyperglycemia

5.7 Hyperlipidemia

5.8 Weight Gain

5.9 Tardive Dyskinesia

5.10 Orthostatic Hypotension

5.11 Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis

5.12 Dysphagia

5.13 Seizures

5.14 Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

5.15 Body Temperature Regulation

5.16 Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness

5.17 Hyperprolactinemia

5.18 Laboratory Tests

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

6.2 Vital Signs and Laboratory Studies

6.3 Postmarketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Olanzapine

7.2 Potential for Olanzapine to Affect Other Drugs

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.2 Labor and Delivery

8.3 Nursing Mothers

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

9 DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

9.3 Dependence

10 OVERDOSAGE

10.1 Human Experience

10.2 Management of Overdose

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Schizophrenia

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1 How Supplied

16.2 Storage and Handling

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1 Information on Medication Guide

17.2 Post-Injection Delirium/Sedation Syndrome

17.3 Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Increased Mortality and Cerebrovascular Adverse Events (CVAE), Including Stroke

17.4 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

17.5 Hyperglycemia

17.6 Hyperlipidemia

17.7 Weight Gain

17.8 Orthostatic Hypotension

17.9 Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

17.10 Body Temperature Regulation

17.11 Concomitant Medication

17.12 Alcohol

17.13 Use in Specific Populations

*
Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

WARNING: POST-INJECTION DELIRIUM/SEDATION SYNDROME AND INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS

Post-Injection Delirium/Sedation Syndrome — Adverse events with signs and symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose, in particular, sedation (including coma) and/or delirium, have been reported following injections of ZYPREXA RELPREVV. ZYPREXA RELPREVV must be administered in a registered healthcare facility with ready access to emergency response services. After each injection, patients must be observed at the healthcare facility by a healthcare professional for at least 3 hours. Because of this risk, ZYPREXA RELPREVV is available only through a restricted distribution program called ZYPREXA RELPREVV Patient Care Program and requires prescriber, healthcare facility, patient, and pharmacy enrollment [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2), Overdosage (10.2), and Patient Counseling Information (17.2)].

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis — Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of seventeen placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3, 5.16) and Patient Counseling Information (17.3)].

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is available only through a restricted distribution program [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. ZYPREXA RELPREVV must not be dispensed directly to a patient. For a patient to receive treatment, the prescriber, healthcare facility, patient, and pharmacy must all be enrolled in the ZYPREXA RELPREVV Patient Care Program. To enroll, call 1-877-772-9390.

1.1 Schizophrenia

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. Efficacy was established in two clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia: one 8-week trial in adults and one maintenance trial in adults [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Dosage

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is intended for deep intramuscular gluteal injection only and should not be administered intravenously or subcutaneously.

Be aware that there are two ZYPREXA intramuscular formulations with different dosing schedules. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular (10 mg/vial) is a short-acting formulation and should not be confused with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Refer to the package insert for ZYPREXA IntraMuscular for more information about that product.

Establish tolerability with oral olanzapine prior to initiating treatment.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV should be administered by a healthcare professional every 2 to 4 weeks by deep intramuscular gluteal injection using a 19-gauge, 1.5-inch needle. Following insertion of the needle into the muscle, aspiration should be maintained for several seconds to ensure that no blood is drawn into the syringe. If any blood is aspirated into the syringe, it should be discarded and fresh drug should be prepared using a new convenience kit. The injection should be performed at a steady, continuous pressure. Do not massage the injection site.

Dose Selection — The efficacy of ZYPREXA RELPREVV has been demonstrated within the range of 150 mg to 300 mg administered every 2 weeks and with 405 mg administered every 4 weeks. Dose recommendations considering oral ZYPREXA and ZYPREXA RELPREVV are shown in Table 1.

Table 1: Recommended Dosing for ZYPREXA RELPREVV Based on Correspondence to Oral ZYPREXA Doses
Target Oral ZYPREXA DoseDosing of ZYPREXA RELPREVV During the First 8 WeeksMaintenance Dose After 8 Weeks of ZYPREXA RELPREVV Treatment
10 mg/day 210 mg/2 weeks or
405 mg/4 weeks
150 mg/2 weeks
or 300 mg/4 weeks
15 mg/day 300 mg/2 weeks 210 mg/2 weeks
or 405 mg/4 weeks
20 mg/day 300 mg/2 weeks 300 mg/2 weeks

ZYPREXA RELPREVV doses greater than 405 mg every 4 weeks or 300 mg every 2 weeks have not been evaluated in clinical trials.

Post-Injection Delirium/Sedation Syndrome — During premarketing clinical studies, adverse events that presented with signs and symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose, in particular, sedation (including coma) and/or delirium, were reported in patients following an injection of ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Overdosage (10.1)]. Patients should be informed of this risk and how to recognize related symptoms [see Patient Counseling Information (17.1, 17.2)]. ZYPREXA RELPREVV must be administered in a registered healthcare facility with ready access to emergency response services. After each ZYPREXA RELPREVV injection, a healthcare professional must continuously observe the patient at the healthcare facility for at least 3 hours for symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose, including sedation (ranging from mild in severity to coma) and/or delirium (including confusion, disorientation, agitation, anxiety, and other cognitive impairment). Other symptoms noted include extrapyramidal symptoms, dysarthria, ataxia, aggression, dizziness, weakness, hypertension, and convulsion. The potential for onset of an event is greatest within the first hour. The majority of cases have occurred within the first 3 hours after injection; however, the event has occurred after 3 hours. Following the 3-hour observation period, healthcare professionals must confirm that the patient is alert, oriented, and absent of any signs and symptoms of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome prior to being released. All patients must be accompanied to their destination upon leaving the facility. For the remainder of the day of each injection, patients should not drive or operate heavy machinery, and should be advised to be vigilant for symptoms of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome and be able to obtain medical assistance if needed. If post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome is suspected, close medical supervision and monitoring should be instituted in a facility capable of resuscitation [see Overdosage (10)].

Dosing in Specific Populations — Tolerance of oral ZYPREXA should be established prior to initiating treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. The recommended starting dose is ZYPREXA RELPREVV 150 mg/4 wks in patients who are debilitated, who have a predisposition to hypotensive reactions, who otherwise exhibit a combination of factors that may result in slower metabolism of olanzapine (e.g., nonsmoking female patients ≥65 years of age), or who may be more pharmacodynamically sensitive to olanzapine. When indicated, dose escalation should be undertaken with caution in these patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4), Drug Interactions (7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

ZYPREXA RELPREVV has not been studied in subjects under 18 years of age [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6, 5.7, and 5.8)].

Maintenance Treatment — Although no controlled studies have been conducted to determine how long patients should be treated with ZYPREXA RELPREVV, efficacy has been demonstrated over a period of 24 weeks in patients with stabilized schizophrenia. Additionally, oral ZYPREXA has been shown to be effective in maintenance of treatment response in schizophrenia in longer-term use. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for continued treatment.

Switching from Other Antipsychotics — There are no systematically collected data to specifically address how to switch patients with schizophrenia from other antipsychotics to ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

2.2 Instructions to Reconstitute and Administer ZYPREXA RELPREVV

For deep intramuscular gluteal injection only. Not to be injected intravenously or subcutaneously.

Step 1: Preparing Materials

Convenience kit includes:

  • Vial of ZYPREXA RELPREVV powder
  • 3-mL vial of diluent
  • One 3-mL syringe with pre-attached 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro® needle with needle protection device
  • Two 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro needles with needle protection device
    For obese patients, a 2-inch (50 mm), 19-gauge or larger needle (not included in convenience kit) may be used for administration.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV must be suspended using only the diluent supplied in the convenience kit.

It is recommended that gloves are used when reconstituting, as ZYPREXA RELPREVV may be irritating to the skin. Flush with water if contact is made with skin.

See additional insert entitled “Instructions to Reconstitute and Administer ZYPREXA RELPREVV” (included) for more information regarding the safe and effective use of the Hypodermic Needle-Pro syringe and needle.

Step 2: Determining Reconstitution Volume

Refer to the table below to determine the amount of diluent to be added to powder for reconstitution of each vial strength.

It is important to note that there is more diluent in the vial than is needed to reconstitute.

DoseVial StrengthDiluent to Add
150 mg 210 mg 1.3 mL
210 mg 210 mg 1.3 mL
300 mg 300 mg 1.8 mL
405 mg 405 mg 2.3 mL

Step 3: Reconstituting ZYPREXA RELPREVV

Please read the Hypodermic Needle-Pro Instructions for Use before proceeding with Step 3. Failure to follow these instructions may result in a needlestick injury.

 
Loosen the powder by lightly tapping the vial.
 
Open the prepackaged Hypodermic Needle-Pro syringe and needle with needle protection device.
 
Withdraw the pre-determined diluent volume (Step 2) into the syringe.
 
Inject the diluent into the powder vial.
 
Withdraw air to equalize the pressure in the vial by pulling back slightly on the plunger in the syringe.
 
Remove the needle from the vial, holding the vial upright to prevent any loss of material.
 
Engage the needle safety device (refer to complete Hypodermic Needle-Pro Instructions for Use).
 
Pad a hard surface to cushion impact (see Figure 1). Tap the vial firmly and repeatedly on the surface until no powder is visible.
Figure 1

Figure 1: Tap firmly to mix.

 
Visually check the vial for clumps. Unsuspended powder appears as yellow, dry clumps clinging to the vial. Additional tapping may be required if large clumps remain (see Figure 2).
Figure 2

Figure 2: Check for unsuspended powder and repeat tapping if needed.

 
Shake the vial vigorously until the suspension appears smooth and is consistent in color and texture. The suspended product will be yellow and opaque (see Figure 3).
Figure 3

Figure 3: Vigorously shake vial.

 
If foam forms, let vial stand to allow foam to dissipate.
 
If the product is not used right away, it should be shaken vigorously to re-suspend. Reconstituted ZYPREXA RELPREVV remains stable for up to 24 hours in the vial.

Step 4: Injecting ZYPREXA RELPREVV

Before administering the injection, confirm there will be someone to accompany the patient after the 3-hour observation period. If this cannot be confirmed, do not give the injection.

Refer to the table below to determine the final volume to inject. Suspension concentration is 150 mg/mL ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

DoseFinal Volume to Inject
150 mg 1 mL
210 mg 1.4 mL
300 mg 2 mL
405 mg 2.7 mL
 
Attach a new safety needle to the syringe.
 
Slowly withdraw the desired amount into the syringe.
 
Some excess product will remain in the vial.
 
Engage the needle safety device and remove needle from syringe.
 
For administration, select the 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro needle with needle protection device. For obese patients, a 2-inch (50 mm), 19-gauge or larger needle (not included in convenience kit) may be used. To help prevent clogging, a 19-gauge or larger needle must be used.
 
Attach the new safety needle to the syringe prior to injection. Once the suspension has been removed from the vial, it should be injected immediately.
 
For deep intramuscular gluteal injection only. Do not inject intravenously or subcutaneously.
 
Select and prepare a site for injection in the gluteal area.
 
After insertion of the needle into the muscle, aspirate for several seconds to ensure that no blood appears. If any blood is drawn into the syringe, discard the syringe and the dose and begin with a new convenience kit. The injection should be performed with steady, continuous pressure.
 
Do not massage the injection site.
 
Engage the needle safety device.
 
Dispose of the vials, needles, and syringe appropriately after injection. The vial is for single-use only.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is a powder for suspension for intramuscular use only. ZYPREXA RELPREVV is present as a yellow solid in a glass vial equivalent to 210, 300, or 405 mg olanzapine per vial. The diluent is a clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution in a glass vial [see Description (11) and How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16)]. The reconstituted suspension will be yellow and opaque [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Post-Injection Delirium/Sedation Syndrome

During premarketing clinical studies of ZYPREXA RELPREVV, adverse events that presented with signs and symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose, in particular, sedation (including coma) and/or delirium, were reported in patients following an injection of ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Boxed Warning and Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. These events occurred in <0.1% of injections and in approximately 2% of patients who received injections for up to 46 months. These events were correlated with an unintentional rapid increase in serum olanzapine concentrations to supra-therapeutic ranges in some cases. While a rapid and greater than expected increase in serum olanzapine concentration has been observed in some patients with these events, the exact mechanism by which the drug was unintentionally introduced into the blood stream is not known. Clinical signs and symptoms included dizziness, confusion, disorientation, slurred speech, altered gait, difficulty ambulating, weakness, agitation, extrapyramidal symptoms, hypertension, convulsion, and reduced level of consciousness ranging from mild sedation to coma. Time after injection to event ranged from soon after injection to greater than 3 hours after injection. The majority of patients were hospitalized and some required supportive care, including intubation, in several cases. All patients had largely recovered by 72 hours. The risk of an event is the same at each injection, so the risk per patient is cumulative (i.e., increases with the number of injections) [see Overdosage (10.1)].

Healthcare professionals are advised to discuss this potential risk with patients each time they prescribe and administer ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Patient Counseling Information (17.1, 17.2)].

5.2 Prescribing and Distribution Program for ZYPREXA RELPREVV

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is available only through a restricted distribution program [see Boxed Warning, Indications and Usage (1), and Patient Counseling Information (17.2)]. ZYPREXA RELPREVV must not be dispensed directly to a patient. For a patient to receive treatment, the prescriber, healthcare facility, patient, and pharmacy must all be enrolled in the ZYPREXA RELPREVV Patient Care Program. To enroll, call 1-877-772-9390.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV must be administered in a registered healthcare facility (such as a hospital, clinic, residential treatment center, or community healthcare center) with ready access to emergency response services. After each ZYPREXA RELPREVV injection, a healthcare professional must continuously observe the patient at the healthcare facility for at least 3 hours and must confirm that the patient is alert, oriented, and absent of any signs and symptoms of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome prior to being released. All patients must be accompanied to their destination upon leaving the facility. For the remainder of the day of each injection, patients should not drive or operate heavy machinery, and should be advised to be vigilant for symptoms of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome and be able to obtain medical assistance if needed. If post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome is suspected, close medical supervision and monitoring should be instituted in a facility capable of resuscitation [see Overdosage (10)]. If parenteral benzodiazepines are required for patient management during an event of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome, careful evaluation of clinical status for excessive sedation and cardiorespiratory depression is recommended.

5.3 Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Increased Mortality

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.16), and Patient Counseling Information (17.3)].

In placebo-controlled oral olanzapine clinical trials of elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis, the incidence of death in olanzapine-treated patients was significantly greater than placebo-treated patients (3.5% vs 1.5%, respectively).

Cerebrovascular Adverse Events (CVAE), Including Stroke

Cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, were reported in patients in trials of oral olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis. In placebo-controlled trials, there was a significantly higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events in patients treated with oral olanzapine compared to patients treated with placebo. ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning and Patient Counseling Information (17.3)].

5.4 Suicide

The possibility of a suicide attempt is inherent in schizophrenia, and close supervision of high-risk patients should accompany drug therapy.

5.5 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

A potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including olanzapine. Clinical manifestations of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis and cardiac dysrhythmia). Additional signs may include elevated creatinine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis), and acute renal failure.

The diagnostic evaluation of patients with this syndrome is complicated. In arriving at a diagnosis, it is important to exclude cases where the clinical presentation includes both serious medical illness (e.g., pneumonia, systemic infection, etc.) and untreated or inadequately treated extrapyramidal signs and symptoms (EPS). Other important considerations in the differential diagnosis include central anticholinergic toxicity, heat stroke, drug fever, and primary central nervous system pathology.

The management of NMS should include: 1) immediate discontinuation of antipsychotic drugs and other drugs not essential to concurrent therapy; 2) intensive symptomatic treatment and medical monitoring; and 3) treatment of any concomitant serious medical problems for which specific treatments are available. There is no general agreement about specific pharmacological treatment regimens for NMS.

If a patient requires antipsychotic drug treatment after recovery from NMS, the potential reintroduction of drug therapy should be carefully considered and tolerability with oral olanzapine should be established prior to initiating treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. The patient should be carefully monitored, since recurrences of NMS have been reported [see Patient Counseling Information (17.4)].

5.6 Hyperglycemia

Physicians should consider the risks and benefits when prescribing olanzapine to patients with an established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, or having borderline increased blood glucose level (fasting 100-126 mg/dL, nonfasting 140-200 mg/dL). Patients taking olanzapine should be monitored regularly for worsening of glucose control. Patients starting treatment with olanzapine should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment and periodically during treatment. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia during treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when the atypical antipsychotic was discontinued; however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the suspect drug [see Patient Counseling Information (17.5)].

Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics including olanzapine. Assessment of the relationship between atypical antipsychotic use and glucose abnormalities is complicated by the possibility of an increased background risk of diabetes mellitus in patients with schizophrenia and the increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus in the general population. Epidemiological studies suggest an increased risk of treatment-emergent hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions in patients treated with the atypical antipsychotics. While relative risk estimates are inconsistent, the association between atypical antipsychotics and increases in glucose levels appears to fall on a continuum and olanzapine appears to have a greater association than some other atypical antipsychotics.

Mean increases in blood glucose have been observed in patients treated (median exposure of 9.2 months) with olanzapine in phase 1 of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE). The mean increase of serum glucose (fasting and nonfasting samples) from baseline to the average of the 2 highest serum concentrations was 15.0 mg/dL.

In a study of healthy volunteers, subjects who received olanzapine (N=22) for 3 weeks had a mean increase compared to baseline in fasting blood glucose of 2.3 mg/dL. Placebo-treated subjects (N=19) had a mean increase in fasting blood glucose compared to baseline of 0.34 mg/dL.

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adults — In an analysis of 5 placebo-controlled adult olanzapine monotherapy studies with a median treatment duration of approximately 3 weeks, olanzapine was associated with a greater mean change in fasting glucose levels compared to placebo (2.76 mg/dL versus 0.17 mg/dL). The difference in mean changes between olanzapine and placebo was greater in patients with evidence of glucose dysregulation at baseline (patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus or related adverse reactions, patients treated with anti-diabetic agents, patients with a baseline random glucose level ≥200 mg/dL, and/or a baseline fasting glucose level ≥126 mg/dL).

Olanzapine-treated patients had a greater mean HbA1c increase from baseline of 0.04% (median exposure 21 days), compared to a mean HbA1c decrease of 0.06% in placebo-treated subjects (median exposure 17 days).

In an analysis of 8 placebo-controlled studies (median treatment exposure 4-5 weeks), 6.1% of olanzapine-treated subjects (N=855) had treatment-emergent glycosuria compared to 2.8% of placebo-treated subjects (N=599). Table 2 shows short-term and long-term changes in fasting glucose levels from adult olanzapine monotherapy studies.

Table 2: Changes in Fasting Glucose Levels from Adult Olanzapine Monotherapy Studies

a Not Applicable.

Up to 12 weeks exposureAt least 48 weeks exposure
Laboratory AnalyteCategory Change (at least once) from BaselineTreatment ArmNPatientsNPatients
Fasting Glucose Normal to High
(<100 mg/dL to ≥126 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 543 2.2% 345 12.8%
Placebo 293 3.4% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥100 mg/dL and <126 mg/dL to ≥126 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 178 17.4% 127 26.0%
Placebo 96 11.5% NAaNAa

The mean change in fasting glucose for patients exposed at least 48 weeks was 4.2 mg/dL (N=487). In analyses of patients who completed 9-12 months of olanzapine therapy, mean change in fasting and nonfasting glucose levels continued to increase over time.

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adolescents — The safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA RELPREVV have not been established in patients under the age of 18 years.

In an analysis of 3 placebo-controlled oral olanzapine monotherapy studies of adolescent patients (13-17 years), including those with schizophrenia (6 weeks) or bipolar I disorder (manic or mixed episodes) (3 weeks), olanzapine was associated with a greater mean change from baseline in fasting glucose levels compared to placebo (2.68 mg/dL versus -2.59 mg/dL). The mean change in fasting glucose for adolescents exposed at least 24 weeks was 3.1 mg/dL (N=121). Table 3 shows short-term and long-term changes in fasting blood glucose from adolescent oral olanzapine monotherapy studies.

Table 3: Changes in Fasting Glucose Levels from Adolescent Oral Olanzapine Monotherapy Studies

a Not Applicable.

Up to 12 weeks exposureAt least 24 weeks exposure
Laboratory AnalyteCategory Change (at least once) from BaselineTreatment ArmNPatientsNPatients
Fasting Glucose Normal to High
(<100 mg/dL to ≥126 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 124 0% 108 0.9%
Placebo 53 1.9% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥100 mg/dL and <126 mg/dL to ≥126 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 14 14.3% 13 23.1%
Placebo 13 0% NAaNAa

5.7 Hyperlipidemia

Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed with olanzapine use. Clinical monitoring, including baseline and periodic follow-up lipid evaluations in patients using olanzapine, is recommended [see Patient Counseling Information (17.6)].

Clinically significant, and sometimes very high (>500 mg/dL), elevations in triglyceride levels have been observed with olanzapine use. Modest mean increases in total cholesterol have also been seen with olanzapine use.

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adults — In an analysis of 5 placebo-controlled olanzapine monotherapy studies with treatment duration up to 12 weeks, olanzapine-treated patients had increases from baseline in mean fasting total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides of 5.3 mg/dL, 3.0 mg/dL, and 20.8 mg/dL respectively compared to decreases from baseline in mean fasting total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides of 6.1 mg/dL, 4.3 mg/dL, and 10.7 mg/dL for placebo-treated patients. For fasting HDL cholesterol, no clinically meaningful differences were observed between olanzapine-treated patients and placebo-treated patients. Mean increases in fasting lipid values (total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides) were greater in patients without evidence of lipid dysregulation at baseline, where lipid dysregulation was defined as patients diagnosed with dyslipidemia or related adverse reactions, patients treated with lipid lowering agents, or patients with high baseline lipid levels.

In long-term studies (at least 48 weeks), patients had increases from baseline in mean fasting total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides of 5.6 mg/dL, 2.5 mg/dL, and 18.7 mg/dL, respectively, and a mean decrease in fasting HDL cholesterol of 0.16 mg/dL. In an analysis of patients who completed 12 months of therapy, the mean nonfasting total cholesterol did not increase further after approximately 4-6 months.

The proportion of patients who had changes (at least once) in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol or triglycerides from normal or borderline to high, or changes in HDL cholesterol from normal or borderline to low, was greater in long-term studies (at least 48 weeks) as compared with short-term studies. Table 4 shows categorical changes in fasting lipids values.

Table 4: Changes in Fasting Lipids Values from Adult Olanzapine Monotherapy Studies

a Not Applicable.

  Up to 12 weeks exposureAt least 48 weeks exposure
Laboratory AnalyteCategory Change (at least once) from BaselineTreatment ArmNPatientsNPatients
 
Fasting
Triglycerides
Increase by ≥50 mg/dL Olanzapine 745 39.6% 487 61.4%
Placebo 402 26.1% NAaNAa
Normal to High
(<150 mg/dL to ≥200 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 457 9.2% 293 32.4%
Placebo 251 4.4% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥150 mg/dL and <200 mg/dL to ≥200 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 135 39.3% 75 70.7%
Placebo 65 20.0% NAaNAa
 
Fasting
Total Cholesterol
Increase by ≥40 mg/dL Olanzapine 745 21.6% 489 32.9%
Placebo 402 9.5% NAaNAa
Normal to High
(<200 mg/dL to ≥240 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 392 2.8% 283 14.8%
Placebo 207 2.4% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥200 mg/dL and <240 mg/dL to ≥240 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 222 23.0% 125 55.2%
Placebo 112 12.5% NAaNAa
 
Fasting
LDL Cholesterol
Increase by ≥30 mg/dL Olanzapine 536 23.7% 483 39.8%
Placebo 304 14.1% NAaNAa
Normal to High
(<100 mg/dL to ≥160 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 154 0% 123 7.3%
Placebo 82 1.2% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥100 mg/dL and <160 mg/dL to ≥160 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 302 10.6% 284 31.0%
Placebo 173 8.1% NAaNAa

In phase 1 of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE), over a median exposure of 9.2 months, the mean increase in triglycerides in patients taking olanzapine was 40.5 mg/dL. In phase 1 of CATIE, the mean increase in total cholesterol was 9.4 mg/dL.

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adolescents — The safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA RELPREVV have not been established in patients under the age of 18 years.

In an analysis of 3 placebo-controlled oral olanzapine monotherapy studies of adolescents (13-17 years), including those with schizophrenia (6 weeks) or bipolar I disorder (manic or mixed episodes) (3 weeks), olanzapine-treated adolescents had increases from baseline in mean fasting total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides of 12.9 mg/dL, 6.5 mg/dL, and 28.4 mg/dL, respectively, compared to increases from baseline in mean fasting total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol of 1.3 mg/dL and 1.0 mg/dL, and a decrease in triglycerides of 1.1 mg/dL for placebo-treated adolescents. For fasting HDL cholesterol, no clinically meaningful differences were observed between olanzapine-treated adolescents and placebo-treated adolescents.

In long-term studies (at least 24 weeks), adolescents had increases from baseline in mean fasting total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides of 5.5 mg/dL, 5.4 mg/dL, and 20.5 mg/dL, respectively, and a mean decrease in fasting HDL cholesterol of 4.5 mg/dL. Table 5 shows categorical changes in fasting lipids values in adolescents.

Table 5: Changes in Fasting Lipids Values from Adolescent Oral Olanzapine Monotherapy Studies

a Not Applicable.

  Up to 6 weeks exposureAt least 24 weeks exposure
Laboratory AnalyteCategory Change (at least once) from BaselineTreatment ArmNPatientsNPatients
 
Fasting
Triglycerides
Increase by ≥50 mg/dL Olanzapine 138 37.0% 122 45.9%
Placebo 66 15.2% NAaNAa
Normal to High
(<90 mg/dL to >130 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 67 26.9% 66 36.4%
Placebo 28 10.7% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥90 mg/dL and ≤130 mg/dL to >130 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 37 59.5% 31 64.5%
Placebo 17 35.3% NAaNAa
 
Fasting
Total Cholesterol
Increase by ≥40 mg/dL Olanzapine 138 14.5% 122 14.8%
Placebo 66 4.5% NAaNAa
Normal to High
(<170 mg/dL to ≥200 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 87 6.9% 78 7.7%
Placebo 43 2.3% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥170 mg/dL and <200 mg/dL to ≥200 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 36 38.9% 33 57.6%
Placebo 13 7.7% NAaNAa
 
Fasting
LDL Cholesterol
Increase by ≥30 mg/dL Olanzapine 137 17.5% 121 22.3%
Placebo 63 11.1% NAaNAa
Normal to High
(<110 mg/dL to ≥130 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 98 5.1% 92 10.9%
Placebo 44 4.5% NAaNAa
Borderline to High
(≥110 mg/dL and <130 mg/dL to ≥130 mg/dL)
Olanzapine 29 48.3% 21 47.6%
Placebo 9 0% NAaNAa

5.8 Weight Gain

Potential consequences of weight gain should be considered prior to starting olanzapine. Patients receiving olanzapine should receive regular monitoring of weight [see Patient Counseling Information (17.7)].

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adults — In an analysis of 13 placebo-controlled olanzapine monotherapy studies, olanzapine-treated patients gained an average of 2.6 kg (5.7 lb) compared to an average 0.3 kg (0.6 lb) weight loss in placebo-treated patients with a median exposure of 6 weeks; 22.2% of olanzapine-treated patients gained at least 7% of their baseline weight, compared to 3% of placebo-treated patients, with a median exposure to event of 8 weeks; 4.2% of olanzapine-treated patients gained at least 15% of their baseline weight, compared to 0.3% of placebo-treated patients, with a median exposure to event of 12 weeks. Clinically significant weight gain was observed across all baseline Body Mass Index (BMI) categories. Discontinuation due to weight gain occurred in 0.2% of olanzapine-treated patients and in 0% of placebo-treated patients.

In long-term studies (at least 48 weeks), the mean weight gain was 5.6 kg (12.3 lb) (median exposure of 573 days, N=2021). The percentages of patients who gained at least 7%, 15%, or 25% of their baseline body weight with long-term exposure were 64%, 32%, and 12%, respectively. Discontinuation due to weight gain occurred in 0.4% of olanzapine-treated patients following at least 48 weeks of exposure.

Table 6 includes data on adult weight gain with olanzapine pooled from 86 clinical trials. The data in each column represent data for those patients who completed treatment periods of the durations specified.

Table 6: Weight Gain with Olanzapine Use in Adults
Amount Gained
kg (lb)
6 Weeks
(N=7465)
(%)
6 Months
(N=4162)
(%)
12 Months
(N=1345)
(%)
24 Months
(N=474)
(%)
36 Months
(N=147)
(%)
≤0 26.2 24.3 20.8 23.2 17.0
0 to ≤5 (0-11 lb) 57.0 36.0 26.0 23.4 25.2
>5 to ≤10 (11-22 lb) 14.9 24.6 24.2 24.1 18.4
>10 to ≤15 (22-33 lb) 1.8 10.9 14.9 11.4 17.0
>15 to ≤20 (33-44 lb) 0.1 3.1 8.6 9.3 11.6
>20 to ≤25 (44-55 lb) 0 0.9 3.3 5.1 4.1
>25 to ≤30 (55-66 lb) 0 0.2 1.4 2.3 4.8
>30 (>66 lb) 0 0.1 0.8 1.2 2

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adolescents — The safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA RELPREVV have not been established in patients under the age of 18 years.

Mean increase in weight in adolescents was greater than in adults. In 4 placebo-controlled trials, discontinuation due to weight gain occurred in 1% of olanzapine-treated patients, compared to 0% of placebo-treated patients.

Table 7: Weight Gain with Oral Olanzapine Use in Adolescents from 4 Placebo-Controlled Trials
Olanzapine-treated patientsPlacebo-treated patients
Mean change in body weight from baseline (median exposure = 3 weeks) 4.6 kg (10.1 lb) 0.3 kg (0.7 lb)
Percentage of patients who gained at least 7% of baseline body weight 40.6%
(median exposure to 7% = 4 weeks)
9.8%
(median exposure to 7% = 8 weeks)
Percentage of patients who gained at least 15% of baseline body weight 7.1%
(median exposure to 15% = 19 weeks)
2.7%
(median exposure to 15% = 8 weeks)

In long-term studies (at least 24 weeks), the mean weight gain was 11.2 kg (24.6 lb); (median exposure of 201 days, N=179). The percentages of adolescents who gained at least 7%, 15%, or 25% of their baseline body weight with long-term exposure were 89%, 55%, and 29%, respectively. Among adolescent patients, mean weight gain by baseline BMI category was 11.5 kg (25.3 lb), 12.1 kg (26.6 lb), and 12.7 kg (27.9 lb), respectively, for normal (N=106), overweight (N=26) and obese (N=17). Discontinuation due to weight gain occurred in 2.2% of olanzapine-treated patients following at least 24 weeks of exposure.

Table 8 shows data on adolescent weight gain with olanzapine pooled from 6 clinical trials. The data in each column represent data for those patients who completed treatment periods of the durations specified. Little clinical trial data is available on weight gain in adolescents with olanzapine beyond 6 months of treatment.

Table 8: Weight Gain with Olanzapine Use in Adolescents
Amount Gained
kg (lb)
6 Weeks
(N=243)
(%)
6 Months
(N=191)
(%)
≤0 2.9 2.1
0 to ≤5 (0-11 lb) 47.3 24.6
>5 to ≤10 (11-22 lb) 42.4 26.7
>10 to ≤15 (22-33 lb) 5.8 22.0
>15 to ≤20 (33-44 lb) 0.8 12.6
>20 to ≤25 (44-55 lb) 0.8 9.4
>25 to ≤30 (55-66 lb) 0 2.1
>30 to ≤35 (66-77 lb) 0 0
>35 to ≤40 (77-88 lb) 0 0
>40 (>88 lb) 0 0.5

5.9 Tardive Dyskinesia

A syndrome of potentially irreversible, involuntary, dyskinetic movements may develop in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs. Although the prevalence of the syndrome appears to be highest among the elderly, especially elderly women, it is impossible to rely upon prevalence estimates to predict, at the inception of antipsychotic treatment, which patients are likely to develop the syndrome. Whether antipsychotic drug products differ in their potential to cause tardive dyskinesia is unknown.

The risk of developing tardive dyskinesia and the likelihood that it will become irreversible are believed to increase as the duration of treatment and the total cumulative dose of antipsychotic drugs administered to the patient increase. However, the syndrome can develop, although much less commonly, after relatively brief treatment periods at low doses or may even arise after discontinuation of treatment.

There is no known treatment for established cases of tardive dyskinesia, although the syndrome may remit, partially or completely, if antipsychotic treatment is withdrawn. Antipsychotic treatment, itself, however, may suppress (or partially suppress) the signs and symptoms of the syndrome and thereby may possibly mask the underlying process. The effect that symptomatic suppression has upon the long-term course of the syndrome is unknown.

Given these considerations, olanzapine should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients (1) who suffer from a chronic illness that is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and (2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically.

If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear in a patient on olanzapine, drug discontinuation should be considered. However, some patients may require treatment with olanzapine despite the presence of the syndrome.

5.10 Orthostatic Hypotension

ZYPREXA RELPREVV may induce orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia, bradycardia and, in some patients, syncope, probably reflecting its α1-adrenergic antagonistic properties [see Patient Counseling Information (17.8)]. Syncope-related adverse reactions were reported in 0.1% of patients treated with ZYPREXA RELPREVV in clinical studies.

Olanzapine should be used with particular caution in patients with known cardiovascular disease (history of myocardial infarction or ischemia, heart failure, or conduction abnormalities), cerebrovascular disease, and conditions which would predispose patients to hypotension (dehydration, hypovolemia, and treatment with antihypertensive medications) where the occurrence of syncope, or hypotension and/or bradycardia might put the patient at increased medical risk. For patients in this population who have never taken oral olanzapine, tolerability should be established with oral olanzapine prior to initiating treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

Caution is necessary in patients who receive treatment with other drugs having effects that can induce hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory or central nervous system depression [see Drug Interactions (7)].

5.11 Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis

Class Effect — In clinical trial and/or postmarketing experience, events of leukopenia/neutropenia have been reported temporally related to antipsychotic agents, including ZYPREXA. Agranulocytosis has also been reported.

Possible risk factors for leukopenia/neutropenia include pre-existing low white blood cell count (WBC) and history of drug-induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with a history of a clinically significant low WBC or drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and discontinuation of ZYPREXA RELPREVV should be considered at the first sign of a clinically significant decline in WBC in the absence of other causative factors.

Patients with clinically significant neutropenia should be carefully monitored for fever or other symptoms or signs of infection and treated promptly if such symptoms or signs occur. Patients with severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count <1000/mm3) should discontinue ZYPREXA RELPREVV and have their WBC followed until recovery.

5.12 Dysphagia

Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with antipsychotic drug use. Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with advanced Alzheimer's disease. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

5.13 Seizures

During premarketing testing of ZYPREXA RELPREVV, seizures occurred in 0.15% of patients. During premarketing testing of oral olanzapine, seizures occurred in 0.9% of olanzapine-treated patients. There were confounding factors that may have contributed to the occurrence of seizures in many of these cases.

Olanzapine should be used cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure threshold, e.g., Alzheimer's dementia. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Conditions that lower the seizure threshold may be more prevalent in a population of 65 years or older.

5.14 Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

Sedation was a commonly reported adverse reaction associated with ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment, occurring at an incidence of 8% in ZYPREXA RELPREVV patients compared to 2% in placebo patients. Somnolence and sedation adverse reactions led to discontinuation in 0.6% of patients in the premarketing ZYPREXA RELPREVV database.

Since olanzapine has the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, patients should be cautioned about operating hazardous machinery, including automobiles, until they are reasonably certain that olanzapine therapy does not affect them adversely. However, due to the risk of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome after each injection, patients should not drive or operate heavy machinery for the remainder of the day of each injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Patient Counseling Information (17.9)].

5.15 Body Temperature Regulation

Disruption of the body's ability to reduce core body temperature has been attributed to antipsychotic agents. Appropriate care is advised when prescribing ZYPREXA RELPREVV for patients who will be experiencing conditions which may contribute to an elevation in core body temperature, e.g., exercising strenuously, exposure to extreme heat, receiving concomitant medication with anticholinergic activity, or being subject to dehydration [see Patient Counseling Information (17.10)].

5.16 Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness

Experience with ZYPREXA RELPREVV in patients with concomitant systemic illnesses is limited [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Olanzapine exhibits in vitro muscarinic receptor affinity. In premarketing clinical trials with oral olanzapine, olanzapine was associated with constipation, dry mouth, and tachycardia, all adverse reactions possibly related to cholinergic antagonism. Such adverse reactions were not often the basis for discontinuations from olanzapine, but olanzapine should be used with caution in patients with clinically significant prostatic hypertrophy, narrow angle glaucoma, or a history of paralytic ileus or related conditions.

In 5 placebo-controlled studies of oral olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis (n=1184), the following treatment-emergent adverse reactions were reported in olanzapine-treated patients at an incidence of at least 2% and significantly greater than placebo-treated patients: falls, somnolence, peripheral edema, abnormal gait, urinary incontinence, lethargy, increased weight, asthenia, pyrexia, pneumonia, dry mouth and visual hallucinations. The rate of discontinuation due to adverse reactions was significantly greater with oral olanzapine than placebo (13% vs 7%). Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with olanzapine are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Patient Counseling Information (17.11)].

Olanzapine has not been evaluated or used to any appreciable extent in patients with a recent history of myocardial infarction or unstable heart disease. Patients with these diagnoses were excluded from premarketing clinical studies. Because of the risk of orthostatic hypotension with olanzapine, caution should be observed in cardiac patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].

5.17 Hyperprolactinemia

As with other drugs that antagonize dopamine D2 receptors, olanzapine elevates prolactin levels, and the elevation persists during chronic administration. Hyperprolactinemia may suppress hypothalamic GnRH, resulting in reduced pituitary gonadotropin secretion. This, in turn, may inhibit reproductive function by impairing gonadal steroidogenesis in both female and male patients. Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported in patients receiving prolactin-elevating compounds. Long-standing hyperprolactinemia when associated with hypogonadism may lead to decreased bone density in both female and male subjects.

Tissue culture experiments indicate that approximately one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin dependent in vitro, a factor of potential importance if the prescription of these drugs is contemplated in a patient with previously detected breast cancer. As is common with compounds which increase prolactin release, an increase in mammary gland neoplasia was observed in the oral olanzapine carcinogenicity studies conducted in mice and rats [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. Neither clinical studies nor epidemiologic studies conducted to date have shown an association between chronic administration of this class of drugs and tumorigenesis in humans; the available evidence is considered too limited to be conclusive at this time. In premarketing studies with ZYPREXA RELPREVV, statistically significant differences among dose groups have been observed for prolactin levels [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

In placebo-controlled olanzapine clinical studies (up to 12 weeks), changes from normal to high in prolactin concentrations were observed in 30% of adults treated with olanzapine as compared to 10.5% of adults treated with placebo. In a pooled analysis from clinical studies including 8136 adults treated with olanzapine, potentially associated clinical manifestations included menstrual-related events1 (2% [49/3240] of females), sexual function-related events2 (2% [150/8136] of females and males), and breast-related events3 (0.7% [23/3240] of females, 0.2% [9/4896] of males).

In placebo-controlled olanzapine monotherapy studies in adolescent patients (up to 6 weeks) with schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder (manic or mixed episodes), changes from normal to high in prolactin concentrations were observed in 47% of olanzapine-treated patients compared to 7% of placebo-treated patients. In a pooled analysis from clinical trials including 454 adolescents treated with olanzapine, potentially associated clinical manifestations included menstrual-related events1 (1% [2/168] of females), sexual function-related events2 (0.7% [3/454] of females and males), and breast-related events3 (2% [3/168] of females, 2% [7/286] of males) [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

1 Based on a search of the following terms: amenorrhea, hypomenorrhea, menstruation delayed, and oligomenorrhea.
2 Based on a search of the following terms: anorgasmia, delayed ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, decreased libido, loss of libido, abnormal orgasm, and sexual dysfunction.
3 Based on a search of the following terms: breast discharge, enlargement or swelling, galactorrhea, gynecomastia, and lactation disorder.

5.18 Laboratory Tests

Fasting blood glucose testing and lipid profile at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment is recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6, 5.7) and Patient Counseling Information (17.4, 17.5)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

The information below for ZYPREXA RELPREVV is derived primarily from a clinical trial database consisting of 2058 patients with approximately 1948 patient years of exposure to ZYPREXA RELPREVV. This database includes safety data from 6 open-label studies and 2 double-blind comparator studies, conducted in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Additionally, data obtained from patients treated with oral olanzapine are also presented below. Adverse reactions were assessed by the collection of adverse reactions, vital signs, weights, laboratory analytes, ECGs, and the results of physical and ophthalmologic examinations. In the tables and tabulations that follow for ZYPREXA RELPREVV, the MedDRA terminology has been used to classify reported adverse reactions. Data obtained from oral olanzapine studies was reported using the COSTART dictionary.

The stated frequencies of adverse reactions represent the proportion of individuals who experienced, at least once, a treatment-emergent adverse reaction of the type listed. A reaction was considered treatment emergent if it occurred for the first time or worsened while receiving therapy following baseline evaluation. Reactions listed elsewhere in labeling may not be repeated below. The entire label should be read to gain a complete understanding of the safety profile of ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

The prescriber should be aware that the figures in the tables and tabulations cannot be used to predict the incidence of side effects in the course of usual medical practice where patient characteristics and other factors differ from those that prevailed in the clinical trials. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained from other clinical investigations involving different treatments, uses, and investigators. The cited figures, however, do provide the prescribing physician with some basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and nondrug factors to the adverse reaction incidence in the population studied.

Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in a Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions between ZYPREXA RELPREVV (4%; 13/306 patients) and placebo (5%; 5/98 patients) in an 8-week trial.

Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in a Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trial

In an 8-week trial, treatment-emergent adverse reactions with an incidence of 5% or greater in at least one of the ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment groups (210 mg/2 weeks, 405 mg/4 weeks, or 300 mg/2 weeks) and greater than placebo were: headache, sedation, weight gain, cough, diarrhea, back pain, nausea, somnolence, dry mouth, nasopharyngitis, increased appetite, and vomiting.

Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More among ZYPREXA RELPREVV-Treated Patients in a Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Table 9 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 2% or more of patients treated with ZYPREXA RELPREVV and with incidence greater than placebo who participated in the 8-week, placebo-controlled trial.

Table 9: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in a Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial with ZYPREXA RELPREVV

a The term abdominal pain upper was combined under abdominal pain.

b The term tooth abscess was combined under tooth infection.

c The terms alanine aminotransferase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, and gamma-glutamyltransferase increased were combined under hepatic enzyme increased.

d The term tension headache was combined under headache.

e The term somnolence was combined under sedation.

f The term sinus congestion was combined under nasal congestion.

Percentage of Patients Reporting Adverse Event
Body System/Adverse Reaction
Placebo
(N=98)
ZYPREXA RELPREVV
405 mg/4 wks
(N=100)
ZYPREXA RELPREVV
210 mg/2 wks
(N=106)
ZYPREXA RELPREVV
300 mg/2 wks
(N=100)
Ear and Labyrinth Disorders
Ear pain 2 1 1 4
Gastrointestinal Disorders
Abdominal paina2 3 3 3
Diarrhea 4 2 7 5
Dry mouth 1 2 6 4
Flatulence 0 2 2 1
Nausea 2 5 5 4
Toothache 0 3 4 3
Vomiting 2 6 1 2
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
Fatigue 2 4 2 3
Injection site pain 0 2 3 2
Pain 0 0 2 3
Pyrexia 0 2 0 0
Infections and Infestations
Nasopharyngitis 2 3 6 1
Tooth infectionb0 4 0 0
Upper respiratory tract infection 2 3 1 4
Viral infection 0 0 0 2
Injury, Poisoning and Procedural Complications
Procedural pain 0 2 0 0
Investigations
Electrocardiogram QT-corrected interval prolonged 1 0 0 2
Hepatic enzyme increasedc1 4 1 3
Weight increased 5 5 6 7
Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders
Increased appetite 0 1 4 6
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders
Arthralgia 0 3 3 3
Back pain 4 4 3 5
Muscle spasms 0 3 1 2
Musculoskeletal stiffness 1 1 4 4
Nervous System Disorders
Dizziness 2 4 4 1
Dysarthria 0 0 1 2
Headached8 13 15 18
Sedatione7 13 8 13
Tremor 1 3 0 1
Psychiatric Disorders
Abnormal dreams 0 0 0 2
Hallucination, auditory 2 3 1 0
Restlessness 2 2 3 1
Sleep disorder 1 0 0 2
Thinking abnormal 1 3 0 0
Reproductive System and Breast Disorders
Vaginal discharge 0 0 4 4
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders
Cough 5 3 5 9
Nasal congestionf3 2 1 7
Pharyngolaryngeal pain 2 2 3 3
Sneezing 0 0 0 2
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
Acne 0 2 0 2
Vascular Disorders
Hypertension 0 3 2 0

Summary of Statistically Significant Changes by Dose

In a 24-week randomized, double-blind, fixed-dose study comparing 3 doses of ZYPREXA RELPREVV in patients with schizophrenia, statistically significant differences among dose groups were observed for the below safety outcomes (Table 10) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8, 5.17)].

Table 10: Summary of Statistically Significant Changes by Dose in a Double-Blind, Fixed-Dose Study for ZYPREXA RELPREVVa

a Abbreviations: N1=Number of patients who have both baseline and post-baseline measurement; n=number of patients with an abnormal post-baseline measurement at any time; N2=Number of patients with a normal baseline and at least one post-baseline measurement.

b p<0.05 versus 150 mg/2 weeks ZYPREXA RELPREVV; pairwise p-values.

c p<0.05 versus 405 mg/4 weeks ZYPREXA RELPREVV; pairwise p-values.

d Triglycerides normal to high limits are <150 mg/dL to 200 mg/dL ≤X <500 mg/dL.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV Dose
150 mg/2 weeks405 mg/4 weeks300 mg/2 weeks
Weight: mean change in kg (N1) 0.67 (140) 0.89 (315) 1.70b (140)
Prolactin: mean change in μg/L (N1) -5.61 (109) -2.76 (259) 3.57b, c (115)
Fasting triglycerides: patients who met the criteriad for change from normal at baseline to high at anytime n/N2 (%) 4/62 (6.5) 13/133 (9.8) 13/53b, c (24.5)

Dose Dependency of Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Extrapyramidal Symptoms: The following table enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by categorical analyses of formal rating scales during acute therapy in a controlled clinical trial comparing oral olanzapine at 3 fixed doses with placebo in the treatment of schizophrenia in a 6-week trial.

Table 11: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Rating Scales Incidence in a Fixed Dosage Range, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Oral Olanzapine in Schizophrenia — Acute Phase

a Percentage of patients with a Simpson-Angus Scale total score >3.

b Percentage of patients with a Barnes Akathisia Scale global score ≥2.

Percentage of Patients Reporting Event
PlaceboOlanzapine
5 ± 2.5 mg/day
Olanzapine
10 ± 2.5 mg/day
Olanzapine
15 ± 2.5 mg/day
Parkinsonisma15 14 12 14
Akathisiab23 16 19 27

The following table enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by spontaneously reported adverse reactions during acute therapy in the same controlled clinical trial comparing olanzapine at 3 fixed doses with placebo in the treatment of schizophrenia in a 6-week trial.

Table 12: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Adverse Reactions Incidence in a Fixed Dosage Range, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Oral Olanzapine in Schizophrenia — Acute Phase

a Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: dystonia, generalized spasm, neck rigidity, oculogyric crisis, opisthotonos, torticollis.

b Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: akinesia, cogwheel rigidity, extrapyramidal syndrome, hypertonia, hypokinesia, masked facies, tremor.

c Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: akathisia, hyperkinesia.

d Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: buccoglossal syndrome, choreoathetosis, dyskinesia, tardive dyskinesia.

e Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: movement disorder, myoclonus, twitching.

Percentage of Patients Reporting Event
Placebo
(N=68)
Olanzapine
5 ± 2.5 mg/day
(N=65)
Olanzapine
10 ± 2.5 mg/day
(N=64)
Olanzapine
15 ± 2.5 mg/day
(N=69)
Dystonic eventsa1 3 2 3
Parkinsonism eventsb10 8 14 20
Akathisia eventsc1 5 11 10
Dyskinetic eventsd4 0 2 1
Residual eventse1 2 5 1
Any extrapyramidal event 16 15 25 32

Dystonia, Class Effect: Symptoms of dystonia, prolonged abnormal contractions of muscle groups, may occur in susceptible individuals during the first few days of treatment. Dystonic symptoms include: spasm of the neck muscles, sometimes progressing to tightness of the throat, swallowing difficulty, difficulty breathing, and/or protrusion of the tongue. While these symptoms can occur at low doses, the frequency and severity are greater with high potency and at higher doses of first generation antipsychotic drugs. In general, an elevated risk of acute dystonia may be observed in males and younger age groups receiving antipsychotics; however, events of dystonia have been reported infrequently (<1%) with olanzapine use.

Differences among Fixed-Dose Groups Observed in Oral Olanzapine Clinical Trials

In a single 8-week randomized, double-blind, fixed-dose study comparing 10 (N=199), 20 (N=200) and 40 (N=200) mg/day of oral olanzapine in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, differences among 3 dose groups were observed for the following safety outcomes: weight gain, prolactin elevation, fatigue and dizziness. Mean baseline to endpoint increase in weight (10 mg/day: 1.9 kg; 20 mg/day: 2.3 kg; 40 mg/day: 3 kg) was observed with significant differences between 10 vs 40 mg/day. Incidence of treatment-emergent prolactin elevation >24.2 ng/mL (female) or >18.77 ng/mL (male) at any time during the trial (10 mg/day: 31.2%; 20 mg/day: 42.7%; 40 mg/day: 61.1%) with significant differences between 10 vs 40 mg/day and 20 vs 40 mg/day; fatigue (10 mg/day: 1.5%; 20 mg/day: 2.1%; 40 mg/day: 6.6%) with significant differences between 10 vs 40 and 20 vs 40 mg/day; and dizziness (10 mg/day: 2.6%; 20 mg/day: 1.6%; 40 mg/day: 6.6%) with significant differences between 20 vs 40 mg, was observed.

Local Injection Site Reactions

Eleven ZYPREXA RELPREVV-treated patients (3.6%) and 0 placebo-treated patients experienced treatment-emergent injection-related adverse reactions (injection site pain, buttock pain, injection site mass, induration, injection site induration) in the placebo-controlled database. The most frequently occurring treatment-emergent adverse reaction was injection site pain (2.3% ZYPREXA RELPREVV-treated; 0% placebo-treated).

Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions During the Clinical Trial Evaluation of Oral Olanzapine

In clinical trials of oral olanzapine monotherapy for the treatment of schizophrenia in adult patients, treatment-emergent adverse reactions with an incidence of 5% or greater in the olanzapine treatment arm and at least twice that of placebo were: postural hypotension, constipation, weight gain, dizziness, personality disorder, and akathisia.

Other Adverse Reactions Observed During the Clinical Trial Evaluation of Oral Olanzapine

Following is a list of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported by patients treated with oral olanzapine (at multiple doses ≥1 mg/day) in clinical trials. This listing is not intended to include reactions (1) already listed in previous tables or elsewhere in labeling, (2) for which a drug cause was remote, (3) which were so general as to be uninformative, (4) which were not considered to have significant clinical implications, or (5) which occurred at a rate equal to or less than placebo. Reactions are classified by body system using the following definitions: frequent adverse reactions are those occurring in at least 1/100 patients; infrequent adverse reactions are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1000 patients; rare adverse reactions are those occurring in fewer than 1/1000 patients.

 
Body as a WholeInfrequent: chills, face edema, photosensitivity reaction, suicide attempt1; Rare: chills and fever, hangover effect, sudden death1.
 
Cardiovascular SystemInfrequent: cerebrovascular accident, vasodilatation.
 
Digestive SystemInfrequent: nausea and vomiting, tongue edema; Rare: ileus, intestinal obstruction, liver fatty deposit.
 
Hemic and Lymphatic SystemInfrequent: leukopenia, thrombocytopenia.
 
Metabolic and Nutritional DisordersInfrequent: alkaline phosphatase increased, bilirubinemia, hypoproteinemia.
 
Musculoskeletal SystemRare: osteoporosis.
 
Nervous SystemInfrequent: ataxia, dysarthria, libido decreased, stupor; Rare: coma.
 
Respiratory SystemInfrequent: epistaxis; Rare: lung edema.
 
Skin and AppendagesInfrequent: alopecia.
 
Special SensesInfrequent: abnormality of accommodation, dry eyes; Rare: mydriasis.
 
Urogenital SystemInfrequent: amenorrhea2, breast pain, decreased menstruation, impotence2, increased menstruation2, menorrhagia2, metrorrhagia2, polyuria2, urinary frequency, urinary retention, urinary urgency, urination impaired.

1 These terms represent serious adverse events but do not meet the definition for adverse drug reactions. They are included here because of their seriousness.

2 Adjusted for gender.

6.2 Vital Signs and Laboratory Studies

Laboratory Changes

ZYPREXA RELPREVV in Adults: Statistically significant within group mean changes for ZYPREXA RELPREVV, which were also significantly different from placebo, were observed for the following: eosinophils, monocytes, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglycerides, and direct bilirubin. There were no statistically significant differences between ZYPREXA RELPREVV and placebo in the incidence of potentially clinically significant changes in any of the laboratory values studied.

Statistically significant within group mean changes for ZYPREXA RELPREVV, which were also significantly different from oral olanzapine (in a 24-week double-blind study), were observed for the following: gamma-glutamyltranseferase (GGT) and sodium. Statistically significant differences were observed between ZYPREXA RELPREVV and oral olanzapine for the incidence of treatment-emergent low platelet count (0% ZYPREXA RELPREVV vs 1% oral olanzapine); and low total bilirubin (2.8% ZYPREXA RELPREVV vs 0.7% for oral olanzapine). There was a statistically significant difference between ZYPREXA RELPREVV and oral olanzapine in potentially clinically significant changes for high leukocyte count (0% ZYPREXA RELPREVV vs 1% oral olanzapine).

Changes in aminotransferases observed with ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment were similar to those reported with ZYPREXA treatment. In placebo-controlled ZYPREXA RELPREVV studies, clinically significant ALT elevations (≥3 times the upper limit of the normal range) were observed in 2.7% (8/291) of patients exposed to olanzapine compared to 3.2% (3/94) of the placebo patients. None of these patients experienced jaundice. In 3 of these patients, liver enzymes reverted to the normal range despite continued treatment, and in 5 cases enzymes values decreased, but were still above the normal range at the end of therapy.

Within the larger premarketing ZYPREXA RELPREVV database of 1886 patients with baseline ALT ≤90 IU/L, the incidence of ALT elevation to >200 IU/L was 0.8%. None of these patients experienced jaundice or other symptoms attributable to liver impairment and most had transient changes that tended to normalize while ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment was continued.

Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adults: An assessment of the premarketing experience for oral olanzapine revealed an association with asymptomatic increases in ALT, AST, and GGT. Within the original premarketing database of about 2400 adult patients with baseline ALT ≤90 IU/L, the incidence of ALT elevations to >200 IU/L was 2% (50/2381). None of these patients experienced jaundice or other symptoms attributable to liver impairment and most had transient changes that tended to normalize while olanzapine treatment was continued.

In placebo-controlled oral olanzapine monotherapy studies in adults, clinically significant ALT elevations (change from <3 times the upper limit of normal [ULN] at baseline to ≥3 times ULN) were observed in 5% (77/1426) of patients exposed to olanzapine compared to 1% (10/1187) of patients exposed to placebo. ALT elevations ≥5 times ULN were observed in 2% (29/1438) of olanzapine-treated patients, compared to 0.3% (4/1196) of placebo-treated patients. ALT values returned to normal, or were decreasing, at last follow-up in the majority of patients who either continued treatment with olanzapine or discontinued olanzapine. No patient with elevated ALT values experienced jaundice, liver failure, or met the criteria for Hy's Rule.

Rare postmarketing reports of hepatitis have been received for patients taking different formulations of olanzapine. Very rare cases of cholestatic or mixed liver injury have also been reported in the postmarketing period.

Caution should be exercised in patients with signs and symptoms of hepatic impairment, in patients with pre-existing conditions associated with limited hepatic functional reserve, and in patients who are being treated with potentially hepatotoxic drugs.

Oral olanzapine administration was also associated with increases in serum prolactin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.17)], with an asymptomatic elevation of the eosinophil count in 0.3% of patients, and with an increase in CPK.

ECG Changes — Comparison of ZYPREXA RELPREVV and oral olanzapine, in a 24 week study, revealed no significant differences on ECG changes. Between-group comparisons for pooled placebo-controlled trials revealed no significant oral olanzapine/placebo differences in the proportions of patients experiencing potentially important changes in ECG parameters, including QT, QTc, and PR intervals. Oral olanzapine use was associated with a mean increase in heart rate of 2.4 beats per minute compared to no change among placebo patients. This slight tendency to tachycardia may be related to olanzapine's potential for inducing orthostatic changes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].

6.3 Postmarketing Experience

Adverse reactions reported since market introduction that were temporally (but not necessarily causally) related to ZYPREXA therapy include the following: allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylactoid reaction, angioedema, pruritus or urticaria), diabetic coma, diabetic ketoacidosis, discontinuation reaction (diaphoresis, nausea, or vomiting), jaundice, neutropenia, pancreatitis, priapism, rash, rhabdomyolysis, and venous thromboembolic events (including pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis). Random cholesterol levels of ≥240 mg/dL and random triglyceride levels of ≥1000 mg/dL have been reported.

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Olanzapine

Diazepam — The co-administration of diazepam with olanzapine potentiated the orthostatic hypotension observed with olanzapine [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

Inducers of CYP1A2 — Carbamazepine therapy (200 mg bid) causes an approximately 50% increase in the clearance of olanzapine. This increase is likely due to the fact that carbamazepine is a potent inducer of CYP1A2 activity. Higher daily doses of carbamazepine may cause an even greater increase in olanzapine clearance.

Alcohol — Ethanol (45 mg/70 kg single dose) did not have an effect on olanzapine pharmacokinetics. The co-administration of alcohol (i.e., ethanol) with olanzapine potentiated the orthostatic hypotension observed with olanzapine [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

Inhibitors of CYP1A2 — Fluvoxamine, a CYP1A2 inhibitor, decreases the clearance of olanzapine. This results in a mean increase in olanzapine Cmax following fluvoxamine of 54% in female nonsmokers and 77% in male smokers. The mean increase in olanzapine AUC is 52% and 108%, respectively. Lower doses of olanzapine should be considered in patients receiving concomitant treatment with fluvoxamine.

Inhibitors of CYP2D6 — Fluoxetine caused a small decrease in olanzapine clearance leading to a minimal change in olanzapine steady-state concentrations and, therefore dose modification is not routinely recommended.

Warfarin — Warfarin (20 mg single dose) did not affect olanzapine pharmacokinetics [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

Inducers of CYP1A2 or Glucuronyl Transferase Enzymes — Omeprazole and rifampin may cause an increase in olanzapine clearance.

7.2 Potential for Olanzapine to Affect Other Drugs

CNS Acting Drugs — Given the primary CNS effects of olanzapine, caution should be used when olanzapine is taken in combination with other centrally acting drugs and alcohol.

Antihypertensive Agents — Olanzapine, because of its potential for inducing hypotension, may enhance the effects of certain antihypertensive agents.

Levodopa and Dopamine Agonists — Olanzapine may antagonize the effects of levodopa and dopamine agonists.

Lorazepam (IM) — Co-administration of lorazepam does not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine, unconjugated lorazepam, or total lorazepam. However, this co-administration of lorazepam with olanzapine potentiated the somnolence observed with either drug alone.

Lithium — Multiple doses of olanzapine (10 mg for 8 days) did not influence the kinetics of lithium. Therefore, concomitant olanzapine administration does not require dosage adjustment of lithium.

Valproate — Olanzapine (10 mg daily for 2 weeks) did not affect the steady-state plasma concentrations of valproate. Therefore, concomitant olanzapine administration does not require dosage adjustment of valproate.

Effect of Olanzapine on Drug Metabolizing Enzymes — In vitro studies utilizing human liver microsomes suggest that olanzapine has little potential to inhibit CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A. Thus, olanzapine is unlikely to cause clinically important drug interactions mediated by these enzymes.

Imipramine — Single doses of olanzapine did not affect the pharmacokinetics of imipramine or its active metabolite desipramine.

Warfarin — Single doses of olanzapine did not affect the pharmacokinetics of warfarin [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Diazepam — Olanzapine did not influence the pharmacokinetics of diazepam or its active metabolite N-desmethyldiazepam. However, diazepam co-administered with olanzapine increased the orthostatic hypotension observed with either drug given alone [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Alcohol — Multiple doses of olanzapine did not influence the kinetics of ethanol [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Biperiden — Multiple dosed of olanzapine did not influence the kinetics of biperiden.

Theophylline — Multiple doses of olanzapine did not affect the pharmacokinetics of theophylline or its metabolites.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects, Pregnancy Category C — In oral reproduction studies in rats at doses up to 18 mg/kg/day and in rabbits at doses up to 30 mg/kg/day (9 and 30 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis, respectively) no evidence of teratogenicity was observed. In an oral rat teratology study, early resorptions and increased numbers of nonviable fetuses were observed at a dose of 18 mg/kg/day (9 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). Gestation was prolonged at 10 mg/kg/day (5 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). In an oral rabbit teratology study, fetal toxicity (manifested as increased resorptions and decreased fetal weight) occurred at a maternally toxic dose of 30 mg/kg/day (30 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). No evidence of teratogenicity or embryo-fetal toxicity was observed in rats or rabbits with ZYPREXA RELPREVV at intramuscular doses up to 75 mg/kg (1 and 2 times the maximum recommended human dose of 300 mg every 2 weeks, respectively, on a mg/m2 basis). Placental transfer of olanzapine occurred in rat pups.

There are no adequate and well-controlled trials with olanzapine in pregnant females. Four pregnancies were observed during clinical trials with ZYPREXA RELPREVV, including 1 resulting in a normal birth and 3 therapeutic abortions. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Nonteratogenic Effects — Neonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs (including olanzapine), during the third trimester of pregnancy are at risk for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms following delivery. There have been reports of agitation, hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress and feeding disorder in these neonates. These complications have varied in severity; while in some cases symptoms have been self-limited, in other cases neonates have required intensive care unit support and prolonged hospitalization.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

8.2 Labor and Delivery

The effect of olanzapine on labor and delivery in humans is unknown. Parturition in rats was not affected by olanzapine.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

In an oral olanzapine study in lactating, healthy women, olanzapine was excreted in breast milk. Mean infant dose at steady state was estimated to be 1.8% of the maternal olanzapine dose. It is recommended that women receiving ZYPREXA RELPREVV should not breast-feed.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA RELPREVV in children and adolescent patients have not been established [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6, 5.7, 5.8)].

Compared to patients from adult clinical trials, adolescents treated with oral ZYPREXA were likely to gain more weight, experience increased sedation, and have greater increases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, prolactin and hepatic aminotransferase levels.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of ZYPREXA RELPREVV did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. In the premarketing clinical studies with oral olanzapine, there was no indication of any different tolerability of olanzapine in elderly patients compared to younger patients with schizophrenia. Oral olanzapine studies in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis have suggested that there may be a different tolerability profile in this population compared to younger patients with schizophrenia. Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with olanzapine are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. In placebo-controlled studies of olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis, there was a higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack) in patients treated with olanzapine compared to patients treated with placebo. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. Also, the presence of factors that might decrease pharmacokinetic clearance or increase the pharmacodynamic response to olanzapine should lead to consideration of a lower starting dose for any geriatric patient [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

9 DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

9.3 Dependence

In studies prospectively designed to assess abuse and dependence potential, olanzapine was shown to have acute depressive CNS effects but little or no potential of abuse or physical dependence in rats administered oral doses up to 15 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose (20 mg) and rhesus monkeys administered oral doses up to 8 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis.

Olanzapine has not been systematically studied in humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance, or physical dependence. Because ZYPREXA RELPREVV is to be administered by healthcare professionals, the potential for misuse or abuse by patients is low.

10 OVERDOSAGE

10.1 Human Experience

During premarketing clinical studies of ZYPREXA RELPREVV, adverse reactions that presented with signs and symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose, in particular, sedation (including coma) and/or delirium, were reported in patients following an injection of ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Boxed Warning and Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. These reactions occurred in <0.1% of injections and in approximately 2% of patients who received injections for up to 46 months. These reactions were correlated with an unintentional rapid increase in serum olanzapine concentrations to supra-therapeutic ranges in some cases. While a rapid and greater than expected increase in serum olanzapine concentration has been observed in some patients with these reactions, the exact mechanism by which the drug was unintentionally introduced into the blood stream is not known. Clinical signs and symptoms included dizziness, confusion, disorientation, slurred speech, altered gait, difficulty ambulating, weakness, agitation, extrapyramidal symptoms, hypertension, convulsion, and reduced level of consciousness ranging from mild sedation to coma. Time after injection to event ranged from soon after injection to greater than 3 hours after injection. The majority of patients were hospitalized and some required supportive care, including intubation, in several cases. All patients had largely recovered by 72 hours. The risk of an event is the same at each injection, so the risk per patient is cumulative (i.e., increases with the number of injections) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

In postmarketing reports of overdose with oral olanzapine alone, symptoms have been reported in the majority of cases. In symptomatic patients, symptoms with ≥10% incidence included agitation/aggressiveness, dysarthria, tachycardia, various extrapyramidal symptoms, and reduced level of consciousness ranging from sedation to coma. Among less commonly reported symptoms were the following potentially medically serious reactions: aspiration, cardiopulmonary arrest, cardiac arrhythmias (such as supraventricular tachycardia and 1 patient experiencing sinus pause with spontaneous resumption of normal rhythm), delirium, possible neuroleptic malignant syndrome, respiratory depression/arrest, convulsion, hypertension, and hypotension. Eli Lilly and Company has received reports of fatality in association with overdose of oral olanzapine alone. In 1 case of death, the amount of acutely ingested oral olanzapine was reported to be possibly as low as 450 mg of oral olanzapine; however, in another case, a patient was reported to survive an acute olanzapine ingestion of approximately 2 g of oral olanzapine.

10.2 Management of Overdose

Post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome may occur with each injection of ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Signs and symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose have been observed, and access to emergency response services must be readily available for safe use [see Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

There is no specific antidote to olanzapine. Therefore, appropriate supportive measures should be initiated. Hypotension and circulatory collapse should be treated with appropriate measures such as intravenous fluids and/or sympathomimetic agents. (Do not use epinephrine, dopamine, or other sympathomimetics with beta-agonist activity, since beta stimulation may worsen hypotension in the setting of olanzapine-induced alpha blockade.) Respiratory support, including ventilation, may be required. Close medical supervision and monitoring should continue until the patient recovers.

The possibility of multiple drug involvement should be considered. In case of acute overdosage, establish and maintain an airway and ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation, which may include intubation. The possibility of obtundation, seizures, or dystonic reaction of the head and neck following overdose may create a risk of aspiration with induced emesis. Cardiovascular monitoring should commence immediately and should include continuous electrocardiographic monitoring to detect possible arrhythmias.

11 DESCRIPTION

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is an atypical antipsychotic that belongs to the thienobenzodiazepine class. The chemical designation is 10H-thieno[2,3-b][1,5]benzodiazepine, 2-methyl-4-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-,4,4'-methylenebis[3-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylate] (1:1), monohydrate. The formula is C17H22N4S•C23H14O6•H2O, which corresponds to a molecular weight of 718.8. The chemical structure is:

chemical structure

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is a long-acting form of olanzapine and is intended for deep intramuscular gluteal injection only.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV includes a vial of the drug product and a vial of the sterile diluent for ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

The drug product is olanzapine pamoate monohydrate, present as a yellow solid in a glass vial equivalent to 210, 300, or 405 mg olanzapine base per vial. The diluent for ZYPREXA RELPREVV is a clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution in a glass vial and is composed of carboxymethylcellulose sodium, mannitol, polysorbate 80, sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment, and water for injection. The drug product is suspended in the diluent for ZYPREXA RELPREVV to a target concentration of 150 mg olanzapine per mL prior to intramuscular injection.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

The mechanism of action of olanzapine, as with other drugs having efficacy in schizophrenia, is unknown. However, it has been proposed that this drug's efficacy in schizophrenia is mediated through a combination of dopamine and serotonin type 2 (5HT2) antagonism.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Olanzapine binds with high affinity to the following receptors: serotonin 5HT2A/2C, 5HT6 (Ki=4, 11, and 5 nM, respectively), dopamine D1-4 (Ki=11-31 nM), histamine H1 (Ki=7 nM), and adrenergic α1 receptors (Ki=19 nM). Olanzapine is an antagonist with moderate affinity binding for serotonin 5HT3 (Ki=57 nM) and muscarinic M1-5 (Ki=73, 96, 132, 32, and 48 nM, respectively). Olanzapine binds weakly to GABAA, BZD, and β-adrenergic receptors (Ki>10 μM).

Antagonism at receptors other than dopamine and 5HT2 may explain some of the other therapeutic and side effects of olanzapine. Olanzapine's antagonism of muscarinic M1-5 receptors may explain its anticholinergic-like effects. Olanzapine's antagonism of histamine H1 receptors may explain the somnolence observed with this drug. Olanzapine's antagonism of adrenergic α1 receptors may explain the orthostatic hypotension observed with this drug.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The fundamental pharmacokinetic properties of olanzapine are similar for ZYPREXA RELPREVV and orally administered olanzapine. Refer to the section below describing the pharmacokinetics of orally administered olanzapine for details.

Slow dissolution of ZYPREXA RELPREVV, a practically insoluble salt, after a deep intramuscular gluteal injection of a dose of ZYPREXA RELPREVV results in prolonged systemic olanzapine plasma concentrations that are sustained over a period of weeks to months. An injection every 2 or 4 weeks provides olanzapine plasma concentrations that are similar to those achieved by daily doses of oral olanzapine. The steady-state plasma concentrations for ZYPREXA RELPREVV for doses of 150 mg to 405 mg every 2 or 4 weeks are within the range of steady-state olanzapine plasma concentration known to have been associated with oral doses of 5 mg to 20 mg olanzapine once daily. The change to a slow release, rate-controlled absorption process is the only fundamental pharmacokinetic difference between the administration of ZYPREXA RELPREVV and orally administered olanzapine. The effective half-life for olanzapine after intramuscular ZYPREXA RELPREVV administration is approximately 30 days as compared to a half-life after oral administration of approximately 30 hours. Exposure to olanzapine may persist for a period of months after a ZYPREXA RELPREVV injection. The long persistence of systemic concentrations of olanzapine may be an important consideration for the long-term clinical management of the patient. Typical systemic olanzapine plasma concentrations reach a peak within the first week after injection and are at trough level immediately prior to the next injection. The olanzapine plasma concentration fluctuation between the peak and trough is comparable to the peak and trough fluctuations associated with once daily oral dosing.

Dose Proportionality and Oral Dose Correspondence — ZYPREXA RELPREVV provides a dose of 150, 210, 300, or 405 mg olanzapine. An injection of a larger dose produces a dose-proportional increase in the systemic exposure. The olanzapine exposure after doses of ZYPREXA RELPREVV corresponds to exposure for oral doses of olanzapine. A ZYPREXA RELPREVV dose of 300 mg olanzapine injected every two weeks delivers approximately 20 mg olanzapine per day and a ZYPREXA RELPREVV dose of 150 mg olanzapine injected every two weeks delivers approximately 10 mg per day. These ZYPREXA RELPREVV doses sustain steady-state olanzapine concentrations over long periods of treatment.

Pharmacokinetic Impact of Switching to ZYPREXA RELPREVV from Oral Olanzapine — The switch from oral olanzapine to ZYPREXA RELPREVV changes the pharmacokinetics from an elimination-rate-controlled to an absorption-rate-controlled process. The switch to ZYPREXA RELPREVV may require treatment for a period of approximately 3 months to re-establish steady-state conditions. Initial treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV is recommended at a dose corresponding to the mg/day oral dose [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. Plasma concentrations of olanzapine during the first injection interval may be lower than those maintained by a corresponding oral dose. Even though the concentrations are lower, the olanzapine concentrations remained within a therapeutically effective range and supplementation with orally administered olanzapine was generally not necessary in clinical trials.

Olanzapine is extensively distributed throughout the body, with a volume of distribution of approximately 1000 L. It is 93% bound to plasma proteins over the concentration range of 7 to 1100 ng/mL, binding primarily to albumin and α1-acid glycoprotein.

Metabolism and Elimination — Following a single oral dose of 14C labeled olanzapine, 7% of the dose of olanzapine was recovered in the urine as unchanged drug, indicating that olanzapine is highly metabolized. Approximately 57% and 30% of the dose was recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. In the plasma, olanzapine accounted for only 12% of the AUC for total radioactivity, indicating significant exposure to metabolites. After multiple dosing, the major circulating metabolites were the 10-N-glucuronide, present at steady state at 44% of the concentration of olanzapine, and 4′-N-desmethyl olanzapine, present at steady state at 31% of the concentration of olanzapine. Both metabolites lack pharmacological activity at the concentrations observed.

Direct glucuronidation and cytochrome P450 (CYP) mediated oxidation are the primary metabolic pathways for olanzapine. In vitro studies suggest that CYPs 1A2 and 2D6, and the flavin-containing monooxygenase system are involved in olanzapine oxidation. CYP2D6 mediated oxidation appears to be a minor metabolic pathway in vivo, because the clearance of olanzapine is not reduced in subjects who are deficient in this enzyme.

Intramuscular Formulations — There are two formulations of ZYPREXA which are available for intramuscular injection. One form (ZYPREXA RELPREVV) is described in this package insert. The other formulation (ZYPREXA IntraMuscular) is a solution of olanzapine. When ZYPREXA IntraMuscular is injected intramuscularly, olanzapine (as the free base) is rapidly absorbed and peak plasma concentrations occur within 15 to 45 minutes. With the exception of higher maximum plasma concentrations, the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine after ZYPREXA IntraMuscular are similar to those for orally administered olanzapine. Refer to the package insert for ZYPREXA IntraMuscular for additional information.

Specific Populations — In general, the decision to use ZYPREXA RELPREVV in specific populations should be thoughtfully considered. For patients who have never taken oral olanzapine, tolerability should be established with oral olanzapine prior to initiating treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. The recommended starting dose is ZYPREXA RELPREVV 150 mg/4 wks, in patients who are debilitated, who have a predisposition to hypotensive reactions, who otherwise exhibit a combination of factors that may result in slower metabolism of olanzapine (e.g., nonsmoking female patients >65 years of age), or who may be more pharmacodynamically sensitive to olanzapine. When indicated, dose escalation should be performed with caution in these patients [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)]. Precautions noted below need to be carefully weighed.

Renal Impairment — Because olanzapine is highly metabolized before excretion and only 7% of the drug is excreted unchanged, renal dysfunction alone is unlikely to have a major impact on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of orally administered olanzapine were similar in patients with severe renal impairment and normal subjects, indicating that dosage adjustment based upon the degree of renal impairment is not required. In addition, olanzapine is not removed by dialysis. The effect of renal impairment on metabolite elimination has not been studied.

Hepatic Impairment — Although the presence of hepatic impairment may be expected to reduce the clearance of olanzapine, a study of the effect of impaired liver function in subjects (n=6) with clinically significant (Childs Pugh Classification A and B) cirrhosis revealed little effect on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered olanzapine.

Geriatric — In a study involving 24 healthy subjects, the mean elimination half-life of orally administered olanzapine was about 1.5 times greater in elderly (≥65 years) than in nonelderly subjects (<65 years). Caution should be used in dosing the elderly, especially if there are other factors that might additively influence drug metabolism and/or pharmacodynamic sensitivity [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

Gender — For both oral ZYPREXA and ZYPREXA RELPREVV higher average plasma concentrations of olanzapine were observed in women than in men. There were, however, no apparent differences between men and women in effectiveness or adverse effects. Dosage modifications based on gender should not be needed.

Smoking Status — For both oral ZYPREXA and ZYPREXA RELPREVV, studies have demonstrated that the clearance of olanzapine is higher in smokers than in nonsmokers, although dosage modifications are not routinely recommended.

Race — In vivo studies of orally administered olanzapine have shown that exposures are similar among Japanese, Chinese and Caucasians, especially after normalization for body weight differences. Dosage modifications for race are, therefore, not recommended.

Combined Effects — The combined effects of age, smoking, and gender could lead to substantial pharmacokinetic differences in populations. The clearance in young smoking males, for example, may be 3 times higher than that in elderly nonsmoking females. Dosing modification may be necessary in patients who exhibit a combination of factors that may result in slower metabolism of olanzapine [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis — Oral carcinogenicity studies were conducted in mice and rats. Olanzapine was administered to mice in two 78-week studies at doses of 3, 10, 30/20 mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0.8-5 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis) and 0.25, 2, 8 mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0.06-2 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). Rats were dosed for 2 years at doses of 0.25, 1, 2.5, 4 mg/kg/day (males) and 0.25, 1, 4, 8 mg/kg/day (females) (equivalent to 0.13-2 and 0.13-4 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis, respectively). The incidence of liver hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas was significantly increased in 1 mouse study in female mice dosed at 8 mg/kg/day (2 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). These tumors were not increased in another mouse study in females dosed at 10 or 30/20 mg/kg/day (2-5 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis); in this study, there was a high incidence of early mortalities in males of the 30/20 mg/kg/day group. The incidence of mammary gland adenomas and adenocarcinomas was significantly increased in female mice dosed at ≥2 mg/kg/day and in female rats dosed at ≥4 mg/kg/day (0.5 and 2 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis, respectively). Rats were also treated intramuscularly with ZYPREXA RELPREVV once a month for 2 years at doses of 5, 10, 20 mg/kg (males) and 10, 25, 50 mg/kg (females) (equivalent to 0.08-0.8 times the maximum recommended human dose of 300 mg every 2 weeks on a mg/m2 basis; dosing was limited due to local reactions at the IM injection site). The incidence of tumors in this study was not altered when compared to solution for ZYPREXA RELPREVV control or pamoic acid treated animals. Antipsychotic drugs have been shown to chronically elevate prolactin levels in rodents. Serum prolactin levels were not measured during the olanzapine carcinogenicity studies; however, measurements during subchronic toxicity studies showed that olanzapine elevated serum prolactin levels up to 4-fold in rats at the same doses used in the carcinogenicity study. An increase in mammary gland neoplasms has been found in rodents after chronic administration of other antipsychotic drugs and is considered to be prolactin mediated. The relevance for human risk of the finding of prolactin mediated endocrine tumors in rodents is unknown [see Warnings and Precautions (5.17)].

Mutagenesis — No evidence of genotoxic potential for olanzapine was found in the Ames reverse mutation test, in vivo micronucleus test in mice, the chromosomal aberration test in Chinese hamster ovary cells, unscheduled DNA synthesis test in rat hepatocytes, induction of forward mutation test in mouse lymphoma cells, or in vivo sister chromatid exchange test in bone marrow of Chinese hamsters.

Impairment of Fertility — In an oral fertility and reproductive performance study in rats, male mating performance, but not fertility, was impaired at a dose of 22.4 mg/kg/day and female fertility was decreased at a dose of 3 mg/kg/day (11 and 1.5 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis, respectively). Discontinuance of olanzapine treatment reversed the effects on male mating performance. In female rats, the precoital period was increased and the mating index reduced at 5 mg/kg/day (2.5 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). Diestrous was prolonged and estrous delayed at 1.1 mg/kg/day (0.6 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis); therefore olanzapine may produce a delay in ovulation.

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

In animal studies with olanzapine, the principal hematologic findings were reversible peripheral cytopenias in individual dogs dosed at 10 mg/kg (17 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis), dose-related decreases in lymphocytes and neutrophils in mice, and lymphopenia in rats. A few dogs treated with 10 mg/kg developed reversible neutropenia and/or reversible hemolytic anemia between 1 and 10 months of treatment. Dose-related decreases in lymphocytes and neutrophils were seen in mice given doses of 10 mg/kg (equal to 2 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis) in studies of 3 months' duration. Nonspecific lymphopenia, consistent with decreased body weight gain, occurred in rats receiving 22.5 mg/kg (11 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis) for 3 months or 16 mg/kg (8 times the maximum recommended human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis) for 6 or 12 months. No evidence of bone marrow cytotoxicity was found in any of the species examined. Bone marrows were normocellular or hypercellular, indicating that the reductions in circulating blood cells were probably due to peripheral (non-marrow) factors.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Schizophrenia

The short-term effectiveness of ZYPREXA RELPREVV was established in an 8-week, placebo-controlled trial in adult patients (n=404) who were experiencing psychotic symptoms and met DSM-IV or DSM-IV-TR criteria for schizophrenia. Patients were randomized to receive injections of ZYPREXA RELPREVV 210 mg every 2 weeks, ZYPREXA RELPREVV 405 mg every 4 weeks, ZYPREXA RELPREVV 300 mg every 2 weeks, or placebo every 2 weeks. Patients were discontinued from their previous antipsychotics and underwent a 2-7 day washout period. No oral antipsychotic supplementation was allowed throughout the trial. The primary efficacy measure was change from baseline to endpoint in total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score (mean baseline total PANSS score 101). Total PANSS scores showed statistically significant improvement from baseline to endpoint with each dose of ZYPREXA RELPREVV (210 mg every 2 weeks, 405 mg every 4 weeks, and 300 mg every 2 weeks) as compared to placebo. The effectiveness of ZYPREXA RELPREVV in the treatment of schizophrenia is further supported by the established effectiveness of the oral formulation of olanzapine.

A longer-term trial enrolled patients with schizophrenia (n=1065) who had remained stable for 4 to 8 weeks on open-label treatment with oral olanzapine (mean baseline total PANSS score 56) and were then randomized to continue their current oral olanzapine dose (10, 15, or 20 mg/day); or to ZYPREXA RELPREVV 150 mg every 2 weeks (405 mg every 4 weeks, 300 mg every 2 weeks, or 45 mg every 4 weeks). No oral antipsychotic supplementation was allowed throughout the trial. The primary efficacy measure was time to exacerbation of symptoms of schizophrenia defined in terms of increases in Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) positive symptoms or hospitalization. ZYPREXA RELPREVV doses of 150 mg every 2 weeks, 405 mg every 4 weeks, and 300 mg every 2 weeks were each statistically significantly superior to low dose ZYPREXA RELPREVV (45 mg every 4 weeks).

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1 How Supplied

ZYPREXA RELPREVV convenience kit is supplied in single-use cartons. Each carton includes one vial of olanzapine pamoate monohydrate in dosage strengths that are equivalent to 210 mg olanzapine (483 mg olanzapine pamoate monohydrate), 300 mg olanzapine (690 mg olanzapine pamoate monohydrate), and 405 mg olanzapine (931 mg olanzapine pamoate monohydrate) per vial; one vial of approximately 3 mL of diluent for ZYPREXA RELPREVV used to suspend the drug product; one 3-mL syringe with pre-attached 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro needle with needle protection device; and two 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro needles with needle protection device.

Needle-Pro® is a registered trademark of Smiths Medical.

 
NDC 0002-7635-11 — single-use convenience kit: 210 mg vial (VL7635) with rust flip-off cap and 3-mL vial of sterile diluent (VL7622) with gray flip-off cap
 
NDC 0002-7636-11 — single-use convenience kit: 300 mg vial (VL7636) with olive flip-off cap and 3-mL vial of sterile diluent (VL7622) with gray flip-off cap
 
NDC 0002-7637-11 — single-use convenience kit: 405 mg vial (VL7637) with steel blue flip-off cap and 3-mL vial of sterile diluent (VL7622) with gray flip-off cap

16.2 Storage and Handling

ZYPREXA RELPREVV should be stored at room temperature not to exceed 30°C (86°F).

When the drug product is suspended in the solution for ZYPREXA RELPREVV, it may be held at room temperature for 24 hours. The vial should be agitated immediately prior to product withdrawal. Once the suspension is withdrawn into the syringe, it should be used immediately [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See FDA-approved Medication Guide.

Patients should be advised of the following issues and asked to alert their prescriber if these occur while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Patients should be advised to call their doctor if they do not think they are getting better or have concerns about their condition.

17.1 Information on Medication Guide

Prescribers or other health professionals should inform patients, their families, and their caregivers about the potential benefits and potential risks associated with treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV, and should counsel them in its appropriate use. A patient Medication Guide is available for ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Prescribers or other health professionals should instruct patients, their families, and their caregivers to read the Medication Guide and should assist them in understanding its contents. Patients should be given the opportunity to discuss the contents of the Medication Guide and to obtain answers to any questions they may have.

17.2 Post-Injection Delirium/Sedation Syndrome

During premarketing clinical studies, reactions that presented with signs and symptoms consistent with olanzapine overdose have been reported in patients following an injection of ZYPREXA RELPREVV. It is mandatory that patients be enrolled in the ZYPREXA RELPREVV Patient Care Program to receive ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment. Patients should be advised of the risk of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome each time they receive an injection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)]. Patient and caregivers should be advised that after each ZYPREXA RELPREVV injection, patients must be observed at the healthcare facility for at least 3 hours and must be accompanied to their destination upon leaving the facility. The Medication Guide should be distributed each time patients receive an injection.

17.3 Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Increased Mortality and Cerebrovascular Adverse Events (CVAE), Including Stroke

Patients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Patients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with ZYPREXA had a significantly higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack) compared with placebo.

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved for elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

17.4 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

Patients and caregivers should be counseled that a potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as NMS has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including ZYPREXA. Signs and symptoms of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac dysrhythmia) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

17.5 Hyperglycemia

Patients should be advised of the potential risk of hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions related to ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Patients should be monitored regularly for worsening of glucose control. Patients who have diabetes should follow their doctor's instructions about how often to check their blood sugar while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

17.6 Hyperlipidemia

Patients should be counseled that hyperlipidemia has occurred during treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Patients should have their lipid profile monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

17.7 Weight Gain

Patients should be counseled that weight gain has occurred during treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Patients should have their weight monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

17.8 Orthostatic Hypotension

Patients should be advised of the risk of orthostatic hypotension, and in association with the use of concomitant drugs that may potentiate the orthostatic effect of ZYPREXA RELPREVV, e.g., diazepam or alcohol [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10) and Drug Interactions (7)]. Patients should be advised to change positions carefully to help prevent orthostatic hypotension, and to lie down if they feel dizzy or faint, until they feel better. Patients should be advised to call their doctor if they experience any of the following signs and symptoms associated with orthostatic hypotension: dizziness, fast or slow heart beat, or fainting.

17.9 Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

Because ZYPREXA RELPREVV has the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, patients should be cautioned about operating hazardous machinery, including automobiles, until they are reasonably certain that ZYPREXA RELPREVV therapy does not affect them adversely. Additionally, due to the risk of post-injection delirium/sedation syndrome, patients should not drive or operate heavy machinery for the remainder of the day of each injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.14)].

17.10 Body Temperature Regulation

Patients should be advised regarding appropriate care in avoiding overheating and dehydration. Patients should be advised to call their doctor right away if they become severely ill and have some or all of these symptoms of dehydration: sweating too much or not at all, dry mouth, feeling very hot, feeling thirsty, not able to produce urine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)].

17.11 Concomitant Medication

Patients should be advised to inform their physicians if they are taking, or plan to take, ZYPREXA or Symbyax® (olanzapine/fluoxetine combination). Patients should also be advised to inform their physicians if they are taking, plan to take, or have stopped taking any prescription or over-the-counter drugs, including herbal supplements, since there is a potential for interactions [see Drug Interactions (7)].

17.12 Alcohol

Patients should be advised to avoid alcohol while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

17.13 Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy — Patients should be advised to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy with ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Nursing Mothers — Patients should be advised not to breast-feed an infant if they are taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

Pediatric Use — Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA RELPREVV in patients under 18 years have not been established [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

Literature revised July 5, 2011

Marketed by: Lilly USA, LLC, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA

Copyright © 2009, 2011, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.

PV 5924 AMP

Medication Guide

ZYPREXA® RELPREVV™ (zy-PREX-a REL-prev)

(olanzapine)

For Extended Release Injectable Suspension

Read the Medication Guide that comes with ZYPREXA RELPREVV before you start taking it and each time before you get an injection. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. Talk with your doctor if there is something you do not understand or you want to learn more about ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

What is the most important information I should know about ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

Before you receive ZYPREXA RELPREVV treatment you must:

ZYPREXA RELPREVV may cause serious side effects, including:

  1. Post-injection Delirium Sedation Syndrome (PDSS).
  2. Increased risk of death in elderly people who are confused, have memory loss and have lost touch with reality (dementia-related psychosis).
  3. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia).
  4. High fat levels in your blood (increased cholesterol and triglycerides), especially in teenagers age 13 to 17.
  5. Weight gain, especially in teenagers age 13 to 17.

These serious side effects are described below.

  1. Post-injection Delirium Sedation Syndrome (PDSS). PDSS is a serious problem that can happen after you get a ZYPREXA RELPREVV injection if the medicine gets in your blood too fast. This problem usually happens within 3 hours after you receive ZYPREXA RELPREVV. If the medicine gets in your blood too fast, you may have some of the following symptoms:
    • feel more sleepy than usual
    • feel dizzy
    • feel confused or disoriented
    • trouble talking or walking
    • muscles feel stiff or shaking
    • feel weak
    • feel grouchy or angry
    • feel nervous or anxious
    • higher blood pressure
    • seizures (convulsions)
    • pass out (become unconscious or coma)

    You will need to stay at the clinic where you receive the injection for at least 3 hours so your doctor can make sure you do not have symptoms of PDSS. When you leave the clinic someone must be with you. If you have symptoms of PDSS after you leave the clinic, get medical help or go to an emergency room right away.

  2. Increased risk of death in elderly people who are confused, have memory loss and have lost touch with reality (dementia-related psychosis). ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved for treating psychosis in elderly people with dementia.
  3. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia). High blood sugar can happen if you have diabetes already or if you have never had diabetes. High blood sugar could lead to:
    • a build up of acid in your blood due to ketones (ketoacidosis)
    • coma
    • death

    Your doctor should do tests to check your blood sugar before you start taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV and during treatment. In people who do not have diabetes, sometimes high blood sugar goes away when ZYPREXA RELPREVV is stopped. People with diabetes and some people who did not have diabetes before taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV need to take medicine for high blood sugar even after they stop taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

    If you have diabetes, follow your doctor's instructions about how often to check your blood sugar while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV.

    Call your doctor if you have any of these symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV:

    • feel very thirsty
    • need to urinate more than usual
    • feel very hungry
    • feel weak or tired
    • feel sick to your stomach
    • feel confused or your breath smells fruity
  4. High fat levels in your blood (cholesterol and triglycerides). High fat levels may happen in people treated with ZYPREXA RELPREVV, especially in teenagers (13 to 17 years old). ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved in patients less than 18 years old. You may not have any symptoms, so your doctor should do blood tests to check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels before you start taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV and during treatment.
  5. Weight gain. Weight gain is very common in people who take ZYPREXA RELPREVV. Teenagers (13 to 17 years old) are more likely to gain weight and to gain more weight than adults. ZYPREXA RELPREVV is not approved in patients less than 18 years old. Some people may gain a lot of weight while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV, so you and your doctor should check your weight regularly. Talk to your doctor about ways to control weight gain, such as eating a healthy, balanced diet, and exercising.

What is ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

ZYPREXA RELPREVV is a long-acting prescription medicine given by injection and used to treat schizophrenia in adults. The symptoms of schizophrenia include:

Some of your symptoms of schizophrenia may improve with treatment with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. If you do not think you are getting better, call your doctor.

It is not known if ZYPREXA RELPREVV is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.

What should I tell my doctor before taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

ZYPREXA RELPREVV may not be right for you. Before starting ZYPREXA RELPREVV, tell your doctor if you have or had:

Tell your doctor if you exercise a lot or are in hot places often.

The symptoms of schizophrenia may include thoughts of suicide or of hurting yourself or others. If you have these thoughts at any time, tell your doctor or go to an emergency room right away.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines that you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. ZYPREXA RELPREVV and some medicines may interact with each other and may not work as well, or cause possible serious side effects. Your doctor can tell you if it is safe to take ZYPREXA RELPREVV with your other medicines. Do not start or stop any medicine while taking ZYPREXA RELPREVV without talking to your doctor first.

How should I receive ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

What should I avoid while receiving ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

What are the possible side effects of ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

Serious side effects may happen when you take ZYPREXA RELPREVV, including:

Common side effects of ZYPREXA RELPREVV include: headache, sleepiness or drowsiness, weight gain, dry mouth, diarrhea, nausea, common cold, eating more (increased appetite), vomiting, cough, back pain, or pain at the injection site.

Tell your doctor about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects with ZYPREXA RELPREVV. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

General information about ZYPREXA RELPREVV

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about ZYPREXA RELPREVV. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about ZYPREXA RELPREVV that was written for healthcare professionals. For more information about ZYPREXA RELPREVV call 1-800-Lilly-Rx (1-800-545-5979) or visit www.zyprexarelprevv.com.

What are the ingredients in ZYPREXA RELPREVV?

Active ingredient: olanzapine

Inactive ingredients: carboxymethylcellulose sodium, mannitol, polysorbate 80, sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment, and water for injection

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Medication Guide revised August 3, 2012

Marketed by: Lilly USA, LLC

Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA

www.zyprexarelprevv.com

Copyright © 2009, 2012, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.

PV 5942 AMP


Instructions to Reconstitute and Administer Zyprexa® Relprevv™


Logo

FOR DEEP INTRAMUSCULAR GLUTEAL INJECTION ONLY.
NOT TO BE INJECTED INTRAVENOUSLY OR SUBCUTANEOUSLY.

STEP 1

PREPARING MATERIALS
Convenience kit includes:
(see Figure 1 on right)Figure 1
 
  • Vial of Zyprexa Relprevv powder
  • 3-mL vial of diluent
  • One 3-mL syringe with pre-attached 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro® needle with needle protection device
  • Two 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro needles with needle protection device


      — For obese patients, a 2-inch (50 mm), 19-gauge or larger needle (not included in convenience kit) may be used for administration.
 

Exclamation
Zyprexa Relprevv must be suspended using only the diluent supplied in the convenience kit.

It is recommended that gloves are used when reconstituting, as Zyprexa Relprevv may be irritating to the skin. Flush with water if contact is made with skin.
 
STEP 2
DETERMINING RECONSTITUTION VOLUME
 
Refer to the table at right to determine the amount of diluent to be added to powder for reconstitution of each vial strength. Figure

Exclamation
It is important to note that there is more diluent in the vial than is needed to reconstitute.

 
STEP 3
RECONSTITUTING ZYPREXA RELPREVV
 
Please read the Hypodermic Needle-Pro Instructions for Use before proceeding with Step 3. Failure to follow these instructions may result in a needlestick injury.
  Figure 2
3.1 Loosen the powder by lightly tapping the vial.
 
 
3.2 Open the prepackaged Hypodermic Needle-Pro syringe and needle with needle protection device.
 
3.3 Withdraw the pre-determined diluent volume (Step 2) into the syringe.
 
3.4 Inject the diluent into the powder vial.
 
3.5 Withdraw air to equalize the pressure in the vial by pulling back slightly on the plunger in the syringe.
 
3.6 Remove the needle from the vial, holding the vial upright to prevent any loss of material.
 
3.7 Engage the needle safety device (refer to complete Hypodermic Needle-Pro Instructions for Use).
 
3.8 Pad a hard surface to cushion impact (see Figure 2). Tap the vial firmly and repeatedly on the surface until no powder is visible.
 
3.9 Visually check the vial for clumps. Unsuspended powder appears as yellow, dry clumps clinging to the vial. Additional tapping may be required if large clumps remain (see Figure 3). Figure 3

 
 
 
 
3.10 Shake the vial vigorously until the suspension appears smooth and is consistent in color and texture. The suspended product will be yellow and opaque (see Figure 4). Figure 4
 
 


If foam forms, let vial stand to allow foam to dissipate.

If the product is not used right away, it should be shaken vigorously to re-suspend. Reconstituted Zyprexa Relprevv remains stable for up to 24 hours in the vial.

STEP 4
INJECTING ZYPREXA RELPREVV

Exclamation

IMPORTANT
Before administering the injection, confirm there will be someone to accompany the patient after the 3-hour observation period. If this cannot be confirmed, do not give the injection.
 
Refer to the table at right to determine the final volume to inject. Suspension concentration is 150 mg/mL Zyprexa Relprevv.Figure
4.1 Attach a new safety needle to the syringe.

4.2 Slowly withdraw the desired amount into the syringe.

Exclamation

SOME EXCESS PRODUCT WILL REMAIN IN THE VIAL.

4.3 Engage the needle safety device and remove needle from syringe.

4.4 For administration, select the 19-gauge, 1.5-inch (38 mm) Hypodermic Needle-Pro needle with needle protection device. For obese patients, a 2-inch (50 mm), 19-gauge or larger needle (not included in convenience kit) may be used. To help prevent clogging, a 19-gauge or larger needle must be used.

4.5 Attach the new safety needle to the syringe prior to injection. Once the suspension has been removed from the vial, it should be injected immediately.

Exclamation

FOR DEEP INTRAMUSCULAR GLUTEAL INJECTION ONLY.

DO NOT INJECT INTRAVENOUSLY OR SUBCUTANEOUSLY.

 
4.6 Select and prepare a site for injection in the gluteal area.

4.7

After insertion of the needle into the muscle,Exclamation
aspirate for several seconds to ensure that no blood appears. If any blood is drawn into the syringe, discard the syringe and the dose and begin with a new convenience kit. The injection should be performed with steady, continuous pressure.

 

Exclamation

DO NOT MASSAGE THE INJECTION SITE.

4.8 Engage the needle safety device.

4.9 Dispose of the vials, needles, and syringe appropriately after injection. The vial is for single-use only.

 

Logo

 
JELCO™ HYPODERMIC NEEDLE-PRO® SYRINGE AND NEEDLE with NEEDLE PROTECTION DEVICE
 
1.DESCRIPTION
 
The Hypodermic Needle-Pro Syringe and Needle is a sterile, latex-free, single-use device. It includes a needle, needle safety sheath, and syringe. The Needle-Pro device can be used with a Luer slip or Luer lock syringe.
 
2.INDICATIONS FOR USE
 
This device is intended for injection or aspiration of fluids. The needle protection device covers the needle after use to help prevent needle sticks.
 
3.CONTRAINDICATIONS
 
None known.
 
4.WARNINGS
 
4.1 A needle stick with a contaminated needle may cause infectious diseases.
 
4.2 Intentional disengagement of the Needle-Pro device may result in a needle stick with a contaminated needle.
 
4.3 Bent or damaged needles can result in breakage or damage to the tissue or accidental needle puncture. If the needle is bent or damaged, no attempt should be made to straighten the needle or engage the Needle-Pro device. The Needle-Pro device may not properly contain a bent needle and/or the needle could puncture the needle protection device, which may result in a needle stick with a contaminated needle.
 
4.4 Mishandling of the needle protection device may cause needles, especially short or small gauge needles, to bend whereby they protrude from the needle protector sheath, which may result in a contaminated needle stick.
 
4.5 Do not use with paraldehyde.
 
5.INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
 
5.1 Peel blister and remove device.
 
5.2 Insure needle is firmly seated on the Needle-Pro device with a push and a clockwise twist, then pull the needle cap straight away from the needle.
 
5.3 After procedure is completed, press the needle into the sheath using a one-handed technique. Perform a one-handed technique by GENTLY pressing the sheath against a flat surface. AS THE SHEATH IS PRESSED, THE NEEDLE IS FIRMLY ENGAGED INTO THE SHEATH (see Figures 1, 2, and 3).
  Figures 1, 2, and 3
 
 
5.4 Visually confirm that the needle is fully engaged into the needle protection sheath.
 
5.5 Only remove the Needle-Pro device with engaged needle from the syringe when required by a specific medical procedure.
 
Remove by grasping the Luer hub of the needle protection device with thumb and forefinger, keeping the free fingers clear of the end of the device containing the needle point.
 
5.6 After use, place sharps in a suitable sharps container. Dispose of contaminated product in a safe manner according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA and federal/state/local regulations (EPA, OSHA), and healthcare facility guidelines or local equivalent.
 
NON-PYROGENIC
 

Exclamation

CAUTION: Follow standard infection control procedures as specified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA) or local equivalent.
 
Zyprexa® Relprevv™ is a registered trademark of Eli Lilly and Company.
 
© 2009, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.
 
Literature issued: December 11, 2009
 
The Smiths Medical, Jelco design mark; Needle-Pro; Portex; and the color orange applied to the needle protection device are trademarks of the Smiths Medical family of companies. The symbol ® indicates the trademark is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and certain other countries.
 
The products described are covered by one or more of the following: U.S. Patent No. 4,982,842; its counterpart foreign patent(s); and other U.S. and/or foreign pending patents.
 
© 2008 Smiths Medical family of companies. All rights reserved.
 
The JELCO™ Hypodermic Needle-Pro® is manufactured by Smiths Medical ASD, Inc., Keene, NH 03431 USA
 
www.smiths-medical.com
 
Smiths Medical International Ltd., Hythe, Kent, CT21 6JL, UK is the EU representative for the Hypodermic Needle-Pro® device.
 
PV 6350 AMP

PACKAGE LABEL - ZYPREXA Relprevv 210 mg

NDC 0002-7635-11

Medication Guide is to be dispensed to patients.

VL7635/VL7622

ZYPREXA® Relprevv

(olanzapine)

For Extended Release Injectable Suspension

210 mg/vial Convenience kit

Convenience kit includes:

One vial of Zyprexa® Relprevv 210 mg/vial

One 3-mL vial of diluent

One 3-mL syringe with pre-attached 19-gauge, 1.5-inch Hypodermic Needle-Pro® needle with needle protection device

Two 19-gauge, 1.5-inch Hypodermic Needle-Pro needles with needle protection device

Hypodermic Needle-Pro is a registered trademark of Smiths Medical.

Reconstitute each vial with 1.3 mL of enclosed diluent. The resultant solution will contain 150 mg/mL.

Rx only

FOR DEEP INTRAMUSCULAR GLUTEAL INJECTION ONLY.

Dosing Frequency: Once every two weeks

www.zyprexarelprevv.com

Lilly

210 mg/vial Convenience kit

PACKAGE LABEL - ZYPREXA Relprevv 300 mg

NDC 0002-7636-11

Medication Guide is to be dispensed to patients.

VL7636/VL7622

ZYPREXA® Relprevv

(olanzapine)

For Extended Release Injectable Suspension

300 mg/vial Convenience kit

Convenience kit includes:

One vial of Zyprexa® Relprevv 300 mg/vial

One 3-mL vial of diluent

One 3-mL syringe with pre-attached 19-gauge, 1.5-inch Hypodermic Needle-Pro® needle with needle protection device

Two 19-gauge, 1.5-inch Hypodermic Needle-Pro needles with needle protection device

Hypodermic Needle-Pro is a registered trademark of Smiths Medical.

Reconstitute each vial with 1.8 mL of enclosed diluent. The resultant solution will contain 150 mg/mL.

Rx only

FOR DEEP INTRAMUSCULAR GLUTEAL INJECTION ONLY.

Dosing Frequency: Once every two or four weeks

www.zyprexarelprevv.com

Lilly

300 mg/vial Convenience kit

PACKAGE LABEL - ZYPREXA Relprevv 405 mg

NDC 0002-7637-11

Medication Guide is to be dispensed to patients.

VL7637/VL7622

ZYPREXA® Relprevv

(olanzapine)

For Extended Release Injectable Suspension

405 mg/vial Convenience kit

Convenience kit includes:

One vial of Zyprexa® Relprevv 405 mg/vial

One 3-mL vial of diluent

One 3-mL syringe with pre-attached 19-gauge, 1.5-inch Hypodermic Needle-Pro® needle with needle protection device

Two 19-gauge, 1.5-inch Hypodermic Needle-Pro needles with needle protection device

Hypodermic Needle-Pro is a registered trademark of Smiths Medical.

Reconstitute each vial with 2.3 mL of enclosed diluent. The resultant solution will contain 150 mg/mL.

Rx only

FOR DEEP INTRAMUSCULAR GLUTEAL INJECTION ONLY.

Dosing Frequency: Once every four weeks

www.zyprexarelprevv.com

Lilly

405 mg/vial Convenience kit
ZYPREXA  RELPREVV
olanzapine pamoate kit
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:0002-7635
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7635-111 in 1 CARTON
2NDC:0002-7635-631 in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL 1.4 mL
Part 21 VIAL 3 mL
Part 1 of 2
ZYPREXA  RELPREVV
olanzapine pamoate injection, powder, for suspension, extended release
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0002-7658
Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULARDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
Olanzapine pamoate (Olanzapine) Olanzapine210 mg  in 1.4 mL
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7658-011.4 mL in 1 VIAL
2NDC:0002-7658-631.4 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT  FOR ZYPREXA RELPREVV
diluent injection, solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0002-7622
Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULARDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium7.5 mg  in 1 mL
Mannitol50 mg  in 1 mL
Polysorbate 801.0 mg  in 1 mL
Hydrochloric acid 
Sodium hydroxide 
Water 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7622-013 mL in 1 VIAL
2NDC:0002-7622-633 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
ZYPREXA  RELPREVV
olanzapine pamoate kit
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:0002-7636
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7636-111 in 1 CARTON
2NDC:0002-7636-621 in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL 2.0 mL
Part 21 VIAL 3 mL
Part 1 of 2
ZYPREXA  RELPREVV
olanzapine pamoate injection, powder, for suspension, extended release
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0002-7659
Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULARDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
Olanzapine pamoate (Olanzapine) Olanzapine300 mg  in 2.0 mL
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7659-012.0 mL in 1 VIAL
2NDC:0002-7659-622.0 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT  FOR ZYPREXA RELPREVV
diluent injection, solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0002-7622
Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULARDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium7.5 mg  in 1 mL
Mannitol50 mg  in 1 mL
Polysorbate 801 mg  in 1 mL
Hydrochloric acid 
Sodium hydroxide 
Water 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7622-013 mL in 1 VIAL
2NDC:0002-7622-013 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
ZYPREXA  RELPREVV
olanzapine pamoate kit
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:0002-7637
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7637-111 in 1 CARTON
2NDC:0002-7637-621 in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL 2.7 mL
Part 21 VIAL 3 mL
Part 1 of 2
ZYPREXA  RELPREVV
olanzapine pamoate injection, powder, for suspension, extended release
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0002-7660
Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULARDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
Olanzapine pamoate (Olanzapine) Olanzapine405 mg  in 2.7 mL
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7660-012.7 mL in 1 VIAL
2NDC:0002-7660-622.7 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT  FOR ZYPREXA RELPREVV
diluent injection, solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0002-7622
Route of AdministrationINTRAMUSCULARDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium7.5 mg  in 1 mL
Mannitol50 mg  in 1 mL
Polysorbate 801.0 mg  in 1 mL
Hydrochloric acid 
Sodium hydroxide 
Water 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0002-7622-013 mL in 1 VIAL
2NDC:0002-7622-013 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02217303/01/2010
Labeler - Eli Lilly and Company (006421325)

Revised: 9/2013
Document Id: 5d92fc34-57ae-4618-b0df-eec3d5bbc46c
Set id: f9a73185-88de-4d7b-b3c0-bbf231483241
Version: 39
Effective Time: 20130925
 
Eli Lilly and Company