AVAR LS - sulfacetamide sodium and sulfur emulsion 
Mission Pharmacal Company

Disclaimer: This drug has not been found by FDA to be safe and effective, and this labeling has not been approved by FDA. For further information about unapproved drugs, click here.

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AVAR™ LS Cleanser (sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 2%)

Rx Only

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY.
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE.

DESCRIPTION:
Each gram of AVAR™ LS Cleanser (sodium sulfacetamide 10% w/w and sulfur 2% w/w) contains 100 mg of sodium sulfacetamide and 20 mg of colloidal sulfur in a mild aqueous based cleansing vehicle containing purified water, propylene glycol, stearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, sodium magnesium silicate, sodium lauryl sulfate, phenoxyethanol, benzyl alcohol, gum arabic, sodium thiosulfate and fragrance.

Sodium sulfacetamide is a sulfonamide with antibacterial activity while sulfur acts as a keratolytic agent. Sodium sulfacetamide is C8H9N2NaO3S·H2O with molecular weight of 254.24. Chemically, it is N-[(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl]-acetamide, monosodium salt, monohydrate. The structural formula is:
structure

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY:

The most widely accepted mechanism of action of sulfonamides is the Woods-Fildes theory, which is based on the fact that sulfonamides act as competitive antagonists to para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), an essential component for bacterial growth. While absorption through intact skin has not been determined, sodium sulfacetamide is readily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract when taken orally and excreted in the urine, largely unchanged. The biological half-life has variously been reported as 7 to 12.8 hours.

The exact mode of action of sulfur in the treatment of acne is unknown, but it has been reported that it inhibits the growth of Propionibacterium acnes and the formation of free fatty acids.

INDICATIONS:

AVAR™ LS Cleanser is indicated for use in the topical control of acne vulgaris, acne rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis.

CONTRAINDICATIONS:

AVAR™ LS Cleanser is contraindicated for use by patients having known hypersensitivity to sulfonamides, sulfur or any other component of this preparation. AVAR™ LS Cleanser is not to be used by patients with kidney disease.

WARNINGS:

Although rare, sensitivity to sodium sulfacetamide may occur. Therefore, caution and careful supervision should be observed when prescribing this drug for patients who may be prone to hypersensitivity to topical sulfonamides. Systemic toxic reactions such as agranulocytosis, acute hemolytic anemia, purpura hemorrhagica, drug fever, jaundice and contact dermatitis indicate hypersensitivity to sulfonamides. Particular caution should be employed if areas of denuded or abraded skin are involved.

Sulfonamides are known to cause Stevens-Johnson syndrome in hypersensitive individuals. Stevens-Johnson syndrome also has been reported following the use of sodium sulfacetamide topically. Cases of drug induced systemic lupus erythematosus from topical sulfacetamide also have been reported. In one of these cases, there was a fatal outcome. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

PRECAUTIONS:

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE.
General:
If irritation develops, use of the product should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Patients should be carefully observed for possible local irritation or sensitization during long-term therapy. The object of this therapy is to achieve desquamation without irritation, but sodium sulfacetamide and sulfur can cause reddening and scaling of the epidermis. These side effects are not unusual in the treatment of acne vulgaris, but patients should be cautioned about the possibility.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility: Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential.

Pregnancy: Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with AVAR™ LS Cleanser. It is also not known whether AVAR™ LS Cleanser can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. AVAR™ LS Cleanser should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers: It is not known whether sodium sulfacetamide is excreted in human milk following topicaI use of AVAR™ LS Cleanser. However, small amounts of orally administered sulfonamides have been reported to be excreted in human milk. In view of this and because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when AVAR™ LS Cleanser is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness in children under the age of 12 has not been established.

ADVERSE REACTIONS:

Although rare, sodium sulfacetamide may cause local irritation. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:

Wash affected areas with AVAR™ LS Cleanser 1 to 2 times daily or as directed by a physician. Avoid contact with eyes or mucous membranes. Wet skin and liberally apply to areas to be cleansed, massage gently into skin for 10 to 20 seconds working into a full lather, rinse thoroughly and pat dry. If drying occurs, it may be controlled by rinsing cleanser off sooner or using cleanser less often.

HOW SUPPLIED:

AVAR™ LS Cleanser is supplied in an 8 oz. (227 g) bottle, NDC 0178-0475-08, and in 5 g sample packets, NDC 0178-0475-05.

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).
See USP Controlled Room Temperature.

Note: Protect from freezing and excessive heat. The product may tend to darken slightly on storage. Slight discoloration does not impair the efficacy or safety of the product. Keep container or packet tightly closed.

Occasionally, a slight yellowish discoloration may occur when an excessive amount of the product is used and comes in contact with white fabrics. This discoloration, however, presents no problem, as it is readily removed by ordinary laundering without bleaches.

Distributed by:
Mission Pharmacal Company
San Antonio, TX 78230-1355

Patent Pending

label
AVAR LS 
sulfacetamide sodium, sulfur emulsion
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:0178-0475
Route of AdministrationTOPICALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
SULFACETAMIDE SODIUM (SULFACETAMIDE) SULFACETAMIDE SODIUM100 mg  in 1 g
SULFUR (SULFUR) SULFUR20 mg  in 1 g
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
BENZYL ALCOHOL 
CETYL ALCOHOL 
ACACIA 
PHENOXYETHANOL 
PROPYLENE GLYCOL 
WATER 
SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE 
HECTORITE 
SODIUM THIOSULFATE 
STEARYL ALCOHOL 
Product Characteristics
Coloryellow (light yellow) Score    
ShapeSize
FlavorImprint Code
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0178-0475-08227 g in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
2NDC:0178-0475-0510 in 1 CARTON
25 g in 1 PACKET
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
unapproved drug other09/15/2011
Labeler - Mission Pharmacal Company (008117095)

Revised: 10/2012
Document Id: 51440f6c-721d-4d6b-8642-49d6511b07f1
Set id: 41b62ca7-f6de-4714-ae5b-a0e59d2ef452
Version: 2
Effective Time: 20121003
 
Mission Pharmacal Company