ENDOMETRIN- progesterone insert 
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc.

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Endometrin safely and effectively.
See full prescribing information for Endometrin.

ENDOMETRIN® (progesterone)
Vaginal Insert 100 mg
Initial U.S. Approval: 2007

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Endometrin® is a progesterone indicated to support embryo implantation and early pregnancy by supplementation of corpus luteal function as part of an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatment program for infertile women (1)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The dose of Endometrin is 100 mg administered vaginally two or three times daily starting the day after oocyte retrieval and continuing for up to 10 weeks total duration. Efficacy in women 35 years of age and older has not been clearly established. The appropriate dose of Endometrin in this age group has not been determined (2.1)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • 100 mg vaginal insert (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Previous allergic reactions to progesterone or any of the ingredients of Endometrin Vaginal Insert (4)
  • Known missed abortion or ectopic pregnancy (4)
  • Liver disease (4)
  • Known or suspected breast cancer (4)
  • Active arterial or venous thromboembolism or severe thrombophlebitis, or a history of these events (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Life-threatening arterial or venous thromboembolic disorders may occur during hormone treatment, including treatment with Endometrin. Discontinue Endometrin if any of these are suspected (5.1)
  • Observe patients with a history of depression closely. Consider discontinuation if symptoms worsen (5.2)
  • Endometrin is not recommended for use with other vaginal products (such as antifungal products) as this may alter progesterone release and absorption from the vaginal insert (5.3)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common adverse reactions reported (greater than 2%) were post-oocyte retrieval pain, abdominal pain, nausea, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (6)


This leaflet summarizes the most important information about Endometrin. To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Ferring at 1-888-FERRING (1-888-337-7464) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and FDA-approved patient labeling.

Revised: 10/2012

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 General Dosing Information

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Cardiovascular or Cerebrovascular Disorders

5.2 Depression

5.3 Use of Other Vaginal Products

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Studies Experience

6.2 Expected Adverse Reaction Profile Seen with Progesterone

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.3 Nursing Mothers

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Luteal Supplementation During Assisted Reproductive Treatment Study

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1 Vaginal Bleeding

17.2 Common Adverse Reactions with Progesterone

17.3 Coadministration of Vaginal Products

*
Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Endometrin is indicated to support embryo implantation and early pregnancy by supplementation of corpus luteal function as part of an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatment program for infertile women.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 General Dosing Information

The dose of Endometrin is 100 mg administered vaginally two or three times daily starting the day after oocyte retrieval and continuing for up to 10 weeks total duration. Efficacy in women 35 years of age and older has not been clearly established. The appropriate dose of Endometrin in this age group has not been determined.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

100 mg vaginal insert is a white to off-white oblong-shaped tablet debossed with "FPI" on one side and "100" on the other side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Endometrin should not be used in individuals with any of the following conditions:

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Cardiovascular or Cerebrovascular Disorders

The physician should be alert to earliest signs of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disorders, arterial or venous thromboembolism (venous thromboembolism or pulmonary embolism), thrombophlebitis, or retinal thrombosis. Endometrin should be discontinued if any of these are suspected.

5.2 Depression

Patients with a history of depression need to be closely observed. Consider discontinuation if symptoms worsen.

5.3 Use of Other Vaginal Products

Endometrin should not be recommended for use with other vaginal products (such as antifungal products as this may alter progesterone release and absorption from the vaginal insert [see Drug Interactions (7)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Studies Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The safety data reflect exposure to Endometrin in 808 infertile women (74.9% White, 10.3% Hispanic, 5.4% Black, 5% Asian, and 4.6% Other) in a single Assisted Reproductive Technology 10 week clinical study conducted in the U.S. Endometrin was studied at doses of 100 mg twice daily and 100 mg three times daily. The adverse reactions that occurred at a rate greater than or equal to 2% in either Endometrin group are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1: Number and Frequency of Reported Adverse Reactions in Women Treated with Endometrin in an Assisted Reproductive Technology Study FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
Body SystemEndometrin
100 mg twice daily
(N=404)
Endometrin
100 mg three times daily
(N=404)
  Preferred Term
Gastrointestinal Disorders
  Abdominal pain50 (12%)50 (12%)
  Nausea32 (8%)29 (7%)
  Abdominal distension18 (4%)17 (4%)
  Constipation9 (2%)14 (3%)
  Vomiting13 (3%)9 (2%)
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
  Fatigue7 (2%)12 (3%)
Infections and Infestations
  Urinary tract infection9 (2%)4 (1%)
Injury, Poisoning and Procedural Complications
  Post-oocyte retrieval pain115 (28%)102 (25%)
Nervous System Disorders
  Headache15 (4%)13 (3%)
Reproductive System and Breast Disorders
  Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome30 (7%)27 (7%)
  Uterine spasm15 (4%)11 (3%)
  Vaginal bleeding13 (3%)14 (3%)

Other less common reported adverse reactions included vaginal irritation, itching, burning, discomfort, urticaria, and peripheral edema.

6.2 Expected Adverse Reaction Profile Seen with Progesterone

Endometrin is also expected to have adverse reactions similar to other drugs containing progesterone that may include breast tenderness, bloating, mood swings, irritability, and drowsiness.

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

No formal drug-drug interaction studies have been conducted for Endometrin. Drugs known to induce the hepatic cytochrome-P450-3A4 system (such as rifampin, carbamazepine) may increase the elimination of progesterone. The effect of concomitant vaginal products on the exposure of progesterone from Endometrin has not been assessed. Endometrin is not recommended for use with other vaginal products (such as antifungal products) as this may alter progesterone release and absorption from the vaginal insert [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Endometrin has been used to support embryo implantation and maintain clinical pregnancy in one clinical study. The livebirth outcomes of these pregnancies were as follows:

  • Among the 404 subjects treated with Endometrin twice daily, 143 subjects had livebirths consisting of 85 singletons, 56 twins, and 2 triplets. In this treatment group, 13 subjects had a spontaneous abortion, 1 subject had an ectopic pregnancy, and 7 subjects reported fetal birth defects (3.4% based on 203 livebirths).
  • Among the 404 subjects treated with Endometrin three times daily, 155 subjects had livebirths consisting of 91 singletons, 60 twins, and 4 triplets. In this treatment group, 22 subjects had a spontaneous abortion, 4 subjects had an ectopic pregnancy, and 7 subjects reported fetal birth defects (3.1% based on 223 livebirths).

Birth defects reported in the Endometrin twice daily group included: one fetus with a cleft palate and intrauterine growth retardation, one fetus with spina bifida, three fetuses with congenital heart defects, one fetus with an umbilical hernia, and one fetus with an intestinal anomaly.

Birth defects reported in the Endometrin three times daily group included: one fetus with an esophageal fistula, one fetus with hypospadias and an underdeveloped right ear, one fetus with Down's and an atrial septal defect, one fetus with congenital heart anomalies, one fetus with DiGeorge's syndrome, one fetus with a hand deformity, and one fetus with cleft palate.

For additional information on the pharmacology of Endometrin and pregnancy outcome information [see Clinical Pharmacology (12) and Clinical Studies Sections (14)].

8.3 Nursing Mothers

Detectable amounts of progesterone have been identified in the milk of nursing mothers. The effect of this on the nursing infant has not been determined.

8.4 Pediatric Use

This drug is not intended for pediatric use and no clinical data have been collected in children. Therefore, the safety and effectiveness of Endometrin in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

No clinical data have been collected in patients over age 65.

10 OVERDOSAGE

Treatment of overdosage consists of discontinuation of Endometrin together with institution of appropriate symptomatic and supportive care.

11 DESCRIPTION

Endometrin (progesterone) Vaginal Insert contains micronized progesterone. Endometrin is supplied with polyethylene vaginal applicators.

The active ingredient, progesterone, is present in 100 mg amount along with other excipients. The chemical name for progesterone is pregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. It has an empirical formula of C21H30O2 and a molecular weight of 314.5. Progesterone exists in two polymorphic forms. The form used in Endometrin, the alpha-form, has a melting point of 127-131°C.

The structural formula is:

Chemical Structure

Each Endometrin Vaginal Insert delivers 100 mg of progesterone in a base containing lactose monohydrate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, adipic acid, sodium bicarbonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, magnesium stearate, pregelatinized starch, and colloidal silicon dioxide.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Progesterone is a naturally occurring steroid that is secreted by the ovary, placenta, and adrenal gland. In the presence of adequate estrogen, progesterone transforms a proliferative endometrium into a secretory endometrium. Progesterone is necessary to increase endometrial receptivity for implantation of an embryo. Once an embryo is implanted, progesterone acts to maintain a pregnancy.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Progesterone serum concentrations increased following the administration of the Endometrin Vaginal Insert in 12 healthy pre-menopausal females. On single dosing, the mean Cmax was 17.0 ng/mL in the Endometrin twice daily group and 19.8 ng/mL in the Endometrin three times daily group. On multiple dosing, steady-state concentrations were attained within approximately 1 day after initiation of treatment with Endometrin. Both Endometrin regimens provided average serum concentrations of progesterone exceeding 10 ng/mL on Day 5. The pharmacokinetic results are summarized in Table 2.

Table 2: Mean (±Standard Deviation) Serum Progesterone Pharmacokinetic Parameters
Pharmacokinetic Parameter (unit)Endometrin 100 mg
twice daily (N=6)
Endometrin 100 mg
three times daily (N=6)
Cmax Maximum progesterone serum concentration.
Tmax Time to maximum progesterone serum concentration.
Cavg Average progesterone serum concentration.
AUC0-24 Area under the drug concentration versus time curve from 0-24 hours post dose.
Cmin Minimum progesterone serum concentration.
Single Dosing
Cmax (ng/mL)17.0 ± 6.519.8 ± 7.2
Tmax (hr)24.0 ± 0.017.3 ± 7.4
AUC0-24
(ng∙hr/mL)
217 ± 113284 ± 143
Day 5 of Multiple Dosing
Cmax (ng/mL)18.5 ± 5.524.1 ± 5.6
Tmax (hr)18.0 ± 9.418.0 ± 9.4
Cmin (ng/mL)8.9 ± 4.510.9 ± 6.7
Cavg (ng/ml)14.0 ± 4.815.9 ± 4.3
AUC0-24
(ng∙hr/mL)
327 ± 127436 ± 106

Distribution

Progesterone is approximately 96% to 99% bound to serum proteins, primarily to serum albumin and corticosteroid binding globulin.

Metabolism

Progesterone is metabolized primarily by the liver largely to pregnanediols and pregnanolones. Pregnanediols and pregnanolones are conjugated in the liver to glucuronide and sulfate metabolites. Progesterone metabolites that are excreted in the bile may be deconjugated and may be further metabolized in the gut via reduction, dehydroxylation, and epimerization.

Excretion

Progesterone undergoes renal and biliary elimination. Following injection of labeled progesterone, 50-60% of the excretion of metabolites occurs via the kidney; approximately 10% occurs via the bile and feces. Overall recovery of the labeled material accounts for 70% of an administered dose. Only a small portion of unchanged progesterone is excreted in the bile.

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Nonclinical toxicity studies to determine the potential of Endometrin to cause carcinogenicity or mutagenicity have not been performed. The effect of Endometrin on fertility has not been evaluated in animals.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Luteal Supplementation During Assisted Reproductive Treatment Study

A randomized, open-label, active-controlled study evaluated the efficacy of 10 weeks of treatment with two different daily dosing regimens of Endometrin (100 mg twice daily and 100 mg three times daily) for support of implantation and early pregnancy in infertile women participating in an Assisted Reproductive Technology treatment program. Efficacy was assessed on the endpoint of ongoing pregnancies, defined as the presence of at least one fetal heartbeat seen on ultrasound at 6 weeks post-embryo transfer. The study randomized to Endometrin 808 infertile women (74.9% White; 10.3% Hispanic, 5.4% Black, 5% Asian, and 4.6% Other) between 19 and 42 years of age (mean age 33) who had a body mass index <34 kg/m2 at screening.

The ongoing pregnancy rates for subjects treated with both dosing regimens of Endometrin were noninferior (lower bounds of the 95% confidence interval of the difference between Endometrin and the active comparator excluded a difference greater than 10%) to the ongoing pregnancy rate for subjects treated with the active comparator. The results of this study are shown in Table 3.

Table 3: Ongoing Pregnancy Rates* in Patients Receiving Endometrin for Luteal Supplementation and Early Pregnancy While in an Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment Program
Endometrin
100 mg twice daily
Endometrin
100 mg three times daily
*
Ongoing pregnancy defined as the presence of at least one fetal heartbeat seen on ultrasound at 6 weeks post-embryo transfer.
Number of subjects404404
Ongoing pregnancy: n (%)156 (39%)171 (42%)
95% Confidence Interval of pregnancy rate[33.8, 43.6][37.5, 47.3]
Pregnancy rate percentage difference between Endometrin and comparator-3.6%0.1%
95% Confidence Interval for difference vs comparator[-10.3, 3.2][-6.7, 6.9]

Subjects participating in the study were stratified at randomization by age and ovarian reserve (as measured by serum FSH levels). The ongoing pregnancy rates for these subgroups are shown in Table 4.

Table 4: Ongoing Pregnancy Rates in Age- and Ovarian Reserve-Defined Subgroups Receiving Endometrin for Luteal Supplementation and Early Pregnancy While in an Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment Program
Endometrin
100 mg twice daily
Endometrin
100 mg three times daily
Subjects age < 35 years (N)247247
Ongoing pregnancy: n (%)111 (45%)117 (47%)
Pregnancy rate percentage difference between Endometrin and comparator0.5%2.9%
95% Confidence Interval for difference vs. comparator[-8.3, 9.3][-5.9, 11.7]
Subjects 35-42 years of age (N)157157
Ongoing pregnancy: n (%)45 (28%)54 (34%)
Pregnancy rate percentage difference between Endometrin and comparator-10.1%-4.4%
95% Confidence Interval for difference vs. comparator[-20.3, 0.3][-14.9, 6.3]
Subjects with FSH < 10 IU/L (N)350347
Ongoing pregnancy: n (%)140 (40%)150 (43%)
Pregnancy rate percentage difference between Endometrin and comparator-2.0%1.2%
95% Confidence Interval for difference vs. comparator[-9.3, 5.3][-6.1, 8.5]
Subjects with FSH between 10 and 15 IU/L (N) 4651
Ongoing pregnancy: n (%)16 (35 %)20 (39%)
Pregnancy rate percentage difference between Endometrin and comparator-12.2%-7.7%
95% Confidence Interval for difference vs. comparator[-31.0, 7.7][-26.6, 11.6]

In subjects under the age of 35 or with serum FSH levels less than 10 IU/L, results from both dosing regimens were non-inferior to the results from the comparator with respect to ongoing pregnancy rates. In women age 35 and older and in women with serum FSH levels between 10 and 15 IU/L, the results with respect to ongoing pregnancy rates for both dosing regimens of Endometrin did not reach the criteria for non-inferiority.

Subjects who became pregnant received study medication for a total of 10 weeks. Patients over 34 kg/m2 were not studied. The efficacy of Endometrin in this patient group is unknown

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Each Endometrin Vaginal Insert is a white to off-white oblong-shaped insert debossed with "FPI" on one side and "100" on the other side. Each Endometrin® (progesterone) Vaginal Insert, 100 mg, is packed individually in a sealed foil pouch. These pouches are available in cartons packed:

Store at 20 - 25°C (68 - 77°F); excursions permitted between 15 - 30°C (59 - 86°F).

MANUFACTURED FOR:
FERRING PHARMACEUITCALS INC.
PARSIPPANY, NJ 07054
6323-04 / 6485-01

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (17.4)

17.1 Vaginal Bleeding

Inform patients of the importance of reporting irregular vaginal bleeding to their doctor as soon as possible.

17.2 Common Adverse Reactions with Progesterone

Inform patients of the possible side effects of progesterone therapy such as headaches, breast tenderness, bloating, mood swings, irritability, and drowsiness.

17.3 Coadministration of Vaginal Products

Inform patients that Endometrin is not recommended for use with other vaginal products.

17.4 FDA-Approved Patient Labeling

IMPORTANT: For Vaginal Use Only.

Read the patient information that comes with Endometrin before you start to use it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. Your doctor may do a physical exam before prescribing Endometrin.

What is Endometrin?

Endometrin is a vaginal insert that contains the hormone progesterone. Endometrin is for women who need extra progesterone while undergoing treatment in an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) program.

Progesterone is one of the hormones essential for helping you to become and to stay pregnant. If you are undergoing ART treatment, your doctor may prescribe Endometrin to provide the progesterone your body needs.

Who should not use Endometrin?

Do not use Endometrin if you:

Endometrin may not be right for you. Before starting Endometrin, tell your doctor about all your health problems.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vaginal products, vitamins, herbal supplements.

Some medicines may affect Endometrin.

Know what medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines to show to the doctor and pharmacist.

How should I use Endometrin?

Follow the steps below:

1
Unwrap the applicator.
2.
Put one insert in the space provided at the end of the applicator. The insert should fit snugly and not fall out.
3.
Place applicator with the insert into the vagina while you are standing, sitting, or when lying on your back with your knees bent. Gently place the thin end of the applicator well into the vagina.
4.
Push the plunger to release the insert.
5.
Remove the applicator and throw it away in the trash.

Other information for using Endometrin

What are the possible side effects of Endometrin?

Common side effects seen with ART and Endometrin included pelvic pain after surgery, abdominal pain, nausea, and swollen ovaries (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome).

Other reported side effects included abdominal bloating, headache, urinary infections, uterine cramping, constipation, vomiting, tiredness, and vaginal bleeding.

Vaginal products with progesterone may also cause vaginal irritation, burning, and discharge.

Serious Risks of Progesterone

Progesterone can increase your chance of getting blood clots. Blood clots can be serious and lead to death.

Serious blood clots include those in the:

Call your doctor or get medical help right away if you have:

Other risks of progesterone use include:

Call your doctor immediately if you have abnormal vaginal bleeding.

These are not all the side effects with Endometrin. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How should I store Endometrin?

MANUFACTURED FOR:
FERRING PHARMACEUTICALS INC.
PARSIPPANY, NJ 07054

6323-04 / 6485-01

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 mg Carton

NDC 55566-6500-3

Endometrin®
(progesterone) Vaginal Insert 100 mg

Contents:
21 vaginal inserts with 21 disposable vaginal applicators
Each insert contains 100 mg progesterone, USP

FOR VAGINAL USE ONLY

Rx only

Usual Dosage:
See enclosed package insert for dosage and
complete Prescribing Information.

This carton contains instructions intended
for the patient.

FERRING
PHARMACEUTICALS

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 mg Carton
ENDOMETRIN 
progesterone insert
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:55566-6500
Route of AdministrationVAGINALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
Progesterone (Progesterone) Progesterone100 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
Lactose Monohydrate 
Povidone K29/32 
Adipic Acid 
Sodium Bicarbonate 
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate 
Magnesium Stearate 
Starch, Corn 
Silicon Dioxide 
Product Characteristics
ColorWHITEScore    
ShapeOVAL (Oblong) Size
FlavorImprint Code FPI;100
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:55566-6500-31 in 1 CARTON
1NDC:55566-6500-221 in 1 CARTON
1NDC:55566-6500-11 in 1 BLISTER PACK
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA02205706/21/2007
Labeler - Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc. (103722955)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Pharmaceutics International Inc.878265586MANUFACTURE(55566-6500)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Sharp Corporation143696495PACK(55566-6500)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
QPharma508638848MANUFACTURE(55566-6500), PACK(55566-6500)

Revised: 6/2014
Document Id: 9ab6ab7c-f600-4468-bba2-e585d2289a89
Set id: 2ba50fa9-b349-40cb-9a4b-1af8faa4ec09
Version: 11
Effective Time: 20140616
 
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc.