KOGENATE FS- antihemophilic factor (recombinant)   
Bayer HealthCare LLC

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use KOGENATE FS safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for KOGENATE FS.
KOGENATE FS [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant), Formulated with Sucrose] For Intravenous Use, Lyophilized Powder for Reconstitution with BIO-SET, a needleless self-contained reconstitution system
Initial U.S. Approval: 1993

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

Dosage and Administration (2.4, 2.5, 2.6) 01/2013

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Kogenate FS is an Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) indicated for:

Control and prevention of bleeding episodes in adults and children (0-16 years) with hemophilia A (1.1).
Peri-operative management in adults and children with hemophilia A (1.2).
Routine prophylaxis to reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes and the risk of joint damage in children with hemophilia A with no pre-existing joint damage (1.3).

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

For intravenous use only (2)

Each vial of Kogenate FS contains the labeled amount of recombinant factor VIII in international units (IU).

Control and prevention of bleeding episodes and peri-operative management (2). 

Doses administered should be titrated to the patient’s clinical response.
Dose (units) = body weight (kg) x desired factor VIII rise (IU/dL or % of normal) x 0.5 (IU/kg per IU/dL).
Frequency of intravenous injection of the reconstituted product is determined by the type of bleeding episode and the recommendation of the treating physician (2.1, 2.2).

For routine prophylaxis in children with no pre-existing joint damage, the recommended dose is 25 IU/kg every other day (2.3).

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Kogenate FS is available as lyophilized powder in 250, 500, 1000, 2000, and 3000 IU in single use vials (3).
BIO-SET is a needleless self-contained system provided with a prefilled diluent syringe for reconstitution (16.1).

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Do not use in patients who have manifested life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, to the product or its components, including mouse or hamster proteins (4). (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Anaphylaxis and severe hypersensitivity reactions are possible. Should symptoms occur, treatment with Kogenate FS should be discontinued, and emergency treatment should be sought (5.2).
Development of activity-neutralizing antibodies has been detected in patients receiving factor VIII-containing products. If expected plasma factor VIII activity levels are not attained, or if bleeding is not controlled with an expected dose, an assay that measures factor VIII inhibitor concentration should be performed (5.3).
Patients may develop hypersensitivity to mouse or hamster protein, which is present in trace amounts in the product (5.4).

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common adverse reactions observed in clinical trials (frequency ≥ 4% of patients) are inhibitor formation in previously untreated and minimally treated patients (PUPs and MTPs), skin-associated hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., rash, pruritus, urticaria), infusion site reactions (e.g., inflammation, pain), and central venous access device (CVAD) line-associated infections.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Bayer HealthCare at 1-888-84-BAYER or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy: No human or animal data. Use only if clearly needed (8.1).
Pediatric Use: Higher factor VIII clearance has been described in children (4.4-16 years) compared to adults. Dose adjustment may be needed (8.4).

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and FDA-approved patient labeling.

Revised: 1/2013

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Control and Prevention of Bleeding Episodes

1.2 Peri-operative Management

1.3 Routine Prophylaxis in Children with Hemophilia A with No Pre-existing Joint Damage

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Control and Prevention of Bleeding Episodes

2.2 Peri-operative Management

2.3 Routine Prophylaxis in Children with No Pre-existing Joint Damage. 

2.4 Instructions for Use

2.5 Preparation and Reconstitution

2.6 Administration

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 General

5.2 Anaphylaxis and Severe Hypersensitivity Reactions

5.3 Neutralizing Antibodies

5.4 Monitoring Laboratory Tests

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.2 Labor and Delivery

8.3 Nursing Mothers

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Previously Treated Patients

14.2 Previously Untreated and Minimally Treated Patients

14.3 Pediatric Prophylaxis and Joint Damage Risk Reduction  

15 REFERENCES

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1 How Supplied

16.2 Storage and Handling

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

*
Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Control and Prevention of Bleeding Episodes

Kogenate® FS is an antihemophilic factor that is indicated for the control and prevention of bleeding episodes in adults and children (0-16 years) with hemophilia A.

1.2 Peri-operative Management

Kogenate FS is indicated for surgical prophylaxis in adults and children with hemophilia A.

1.3 Routine Prophylaxis in Children with Hemophilia A with No Pre-existing Joint Damage

Kogenate FS is indicated for routine prophylactic treatment to reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes and the risk of joint damage in children with no pre-existing joint damage.

Kogenate FS is not indicated for the treatment of von Willebrand’s disease.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

For Intravenous Use After Reconstitution

Treatment with Kogenate FS should be initiated under the supervision of a physician experienced in the treatment of hemophilia A.
Each vial of Kogenate FS has the recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) potency in international units stated on the label.
Dosage and duration of treatment depend on the severity of the factor VIII deficiency, the location and extent of bleeding, and the patient’s clinical condition.1 Careful control of replacement therapy is especially important in cases of major surgery or life-threatening bleeding episodes. [See Table 1 and Table 2.]

The expected in vivo peak increase in factor VIII level expressed as IU/dL (or % normal) can be estimated using the following formulas:

Dosage (units) = body weight (kg) x desired factor VIII rise (IU/dL or % of normal) x 0.5 (IU/kg per IU/dL)

OR

IU/dL (or % normal)=Total Dose (IU)/body weight (kg) x 2 [IU/dL]/[IU/kg]

Examples (assuming patient’s baseline factor VIII level is <1% of normal):

1.
A dose of 1750 IU Kogenate FS administered to a 70 kg patient should be expected to result in a peak post-infusion factor VIII increase of 1750 IU x {[2 IU/dL]/[IU/kg]}/[70 kg] = 50 IU/dL (50% of normal).
2.
A peak level of 50% is required in a 15 kg child. In this situation, the appropriate dose would be:
50 IU/dL/{[2 IU/dL]/[IU/kg]} x 15 kg = 375 IU.

Doses administered should be titrated to the patient’s clinical response. Patients may vary in their pharmacokinetic (e.g., half-life, in vivo recovery) and clinical responses to Kogenate FS.2,3,4 Although the dose can be estimated by the calculations above, it is highly recommended that, whenever possible, appropriate laboratory tests including serial factor VIII activity assays be performed. [See Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).]

2.1 Control and Prevention of Bleeding Episodes

The careful control of treatment dose is especially important in cases of life-threatening bleeding episodes or major surgery.

The following table can be used to guide dosing in bleeding episodes.

Table 1 Control and Prevention of Bleeding Episodes for Children and Adults

Type of Bleeding Episode

Factor VIII Level Required
(IU/dL or % of normal)

Dosage and Frequency Necessary to Maintain the Therapeutic Plasma Level

Minor

Early hemarthrosis, minor muscle or oral bleeds.

20–40

10–20 IU per kg

Repeat dose if there is evidence of further bleeding.

Moderate

Bleeding into muscles, bleeding into the oral cavity, definite hemarthroses, and known trauma.

30–60

15–30 IU per kg

Repeat dose every 12–24 hours until bleeding is resolved.

Major

Gastrointestinal bleeding. Intracranial, intra-abdominal or intrathoracic bleeding, central nervous system bleeding, bleeding in the retropharyngeal or retroperitoneal spaces, or iliopsoas sheath.

Fractures.

Head trauma.

80–100

Initial dose 40–50 IU per kg

Repeat dose 20–25 IU per kg every 8–12 hours until bleeding is resolved.

2.2 Peri-operative Management

The careful control of treatment dose is especially important in cases of major surgery or life-threatening bleeding episodes.

The following table can be used to guide dosing in surgery:

Table 2 Peri-operative Management for Adults and Children

Type of Surgery

Factor VIII Level Required
(IU/dL or % of normal)

Dosage and Frequency Necessary to Maintain the Therapeutic Plasma Level

Minor

Including tooth extraction

30–60

15–30 IU per kg

Repeat dose every 12–24 hours until bleeding is resolved.

Major

Examples include tonsillectomy, inguinal herniotomy, synovectomy, total knee replacement, craniotomy, osteosynthesis, trauma.

100

Pre-operative dose 50 IU per kg

Verify 100% activity prior to surgery. Repeat as necessary after 6 to 12 hours initially, and for 10 to 14 days until healing is complete.

2.3 Routine Prophylaxis in Children with No Pre-existing Joint Damage. 

The recommended dose for routine prophylaxis is 25 IU/kg of body weight every other day.5

2.4 Instructions for Use

Kogenate FS is administered by intravenous (IV) injection after reconstitution. Patients should follow the specific reconstitution and administration procedures provided by their physicians.

Kogenate FS should be reconstituted and administered with the components provided with each package. If any component of the package is opened or damaged, do not use this component.

Product reconstitution, administration, and handling of the administration set and needles must be done with caution. Percutaneous puncture with a needle contaminated with blood can transmit infectious viruses including HIV (AIDS) and hepatitis. Obtain immediate medical attention if injury occurs. Place needles in a sharps container after single use. Discard all equipment, including any reconstituted Kogenate FS product, in an appropriate container.

For any questions about the handling, reconstitution and administration of Kogenate FS, contact Bayer Medical Communications at 1-888-84-BAYER (1-888-842-2937).

For instructions, patients should follow the recommendations in the FDA-Approved Patient Labeling. [See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (17).]

2.5 Preparation and Reconstitution

The procedures below are provided as general guidelines for the reconstitution of Kogenate FS with BIO-SET®, a needleless self-contained reconstitution system.

Work on a clean surface and wash hands thoroughly using soap and warm water before performing the procedures.
Reconstitute the product with the components provided with each package. If any component of the package is opened or damaged, do not use this component.
Filter the reconstituted product to remove potential particulate matter in the solution. Filtering can be achieved by following the administration steps as described below [see Dosage and Administration (2.6)].

Vacuum Transfer and Reconstitution

1.
Prepare product under aseptic conditions.
2.
Warm the unopened diluent (as needed) and the concentrate to a temperature not to exceed 37°C or 99°F.
3.
Remove the cap from the concentrate. Take out the prefilled diluent syringe and remove the tip cap. (Fig. A).
4.
Connect the prefilled diluent syringe to the concentrate vial by gently screwing on to the BIO-SET connection (Fig. B).
5.
Place the vial on a rigid, non-skid surface and hold it firmly with one hand. With the other hand, strongly press down the fingerplate near the syringe tip using your thumb and index finger (Fig. C) until the fingerplate meets the top edge of the BIO-SET. This confirms that the system is activated (Fig. D).
6.
Grasp the plunger rod by the top plate and remove from carton. Avoid touching the sides and threads of the plunger rod. Immediately screw plunger rod into the syringe rubber stopper (Fig. E).
7.
Inject the diluent into the concentrate by pushing down the plunger rod slowly (Fig. F).
8.
Swirl gently until completely dissolved without creating excessive foaming (Fig. G).
9.
Invert vial/syringe and transfer the solution into syringe that was used to deliver the diluent (Fig. H). Ensure that the entire contents of the reconstituted Kogenate FS vial are drawn into the syringe.
10.
Unscrew the filled syringe to disconnect it from the empty concentrate vial (Fig. I).
11.
Attach the filled syringe to the administration set provided and immediately inject intravenously (Fig. J).
12.
If the same patient is to receive more than one vial, the diluent syringe provided should be used to reconstitute the powder in the product vials as described above. The reconstituted solutions should then be combined in a larger plastic syringe (not provided) (Fig. J).
Preparation and Reconstitution

2.6 Administration

For Intravenous Use Only After Reconstitution

Inspect Kogenate FS visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, wherever solution and container permit. Do not use Kogenate FS if you notice any particulates or turbidity in the solution.
Store the reconstituted Kogenate FS at room temperature prior to administration, but administer it within 3 hours.
Administer Kogenate FS with the administration set provided with the product as it incorporates an in-line filter. In situations where the administration set provided cannot be used (e.g. when infusing into a peripheral or central line), use a separate filter compatible with Kogenate FS.
 
NOTE: Do not use the administration set provided with the product to draw blood because it contains an in-line filter. When blood must be withdrawn prior to an infusion, use an administration set without a filter, then infuse Kogenate FS through an injection filter. For any questions about compatible separate filters, contact Bayer Medical Communications at 1-888-84-BAYER (1-888-842-2937).
Administer Kogenate FS over a period of 1 to 15 minutes. Adapt the rate of administration to the response of each individual patient. Determine the pulse rate before and during administration of Kogenate FS. If there is a significant increase in pulse rate, reduce the rate of administration or temporarily halt the infusion allowing the symptoms to disappear promptly.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Kogenate FS is available as a lyophilized powder in single use glass vials containing 250, 500, 1000, 2000, and 3000 International Units (IU).

Each vial of Kogenate FS is labeled with the recombinant antihemophilic factor activity expressed in IU per vial. This potency assignment employs a factor VIII concentrate standard that is referenced to a WHO International Standard for factor VIII concentrates, and is evaluated by appropriate methodology to ensure accuracy of the results.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Kogenate FS is contraindicated in patients who have manifested life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, to the product or its components, including mouse or hamster proteins.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 General

The clinical response to Kogenate FS may vary. If bleeding is not controlled with the recommended dose, the plasma level of factor VIII should be determined and a sufficient dose of Kogenate FS should be administered to achieve a satisfactory clinical response. If the patient’s plasma factor VIII level fails to increase as expected or if bleeding is not controlled after the expected dose, the presence of an inhibitor (neutralizing antibodies) should be suspected and appropriate testing performed. [See Warnings and Precautions (5.4).]

5.2 Anaphylaxis and Severe Hypersensitivity Reactions

Allergic-type hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis have been reported with Kogenate FS and have manifested as pruritus, rash, urticaria, hives, facial swelling, dizziness, hypotension, nausea, chest discomfort, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, flushing, discomfort (generalized) and fatigue. Discontinue Kogenate FS if symptoms occur and seek immediate emergency treatment.

Kogenate FS contains trace amounts of mouse immunoglobulin G (MuIgG) and hamster (BHK) proteins. Patients treated with this product may develop hypersensitivity to these non-human mammalian proteins.

5.3 Neutralizing Antibodies

Patients treated with antihemophilic factor (AHF) products should be carefully monitored for the development of factor VIII inhibitors by appropriate clinical observations and laboratory tests.6 Inhibitors have been reported following administration of Kogenate FS predominantly in previously untreated patients. If expected plasma factor VIII activity levels are not attained, or if bleeding is not controlled with an expected dose, an assay that measures factor VIII inhibitor concentration should be performed. [See Warnings and Precautions (5.4).]

5.4 Monitoring Laboratory Tests

Monitor plasma factor VIII activity levels by the one-stage clotting assay to confirm the adequate factor VIII levels have been achieved and maintained, when clinically indicated. [See Dosage and Administration (2).]
Monitor for development of factor VIII inhibitors. Perform assay to determine if factor VIII inhibitor is present. If expected factor VIII activity plasma levels are not attained, or if bleeding is not controlled with the expected dose of Kogenate FS. Use Bethesda Units (BU) to titer inhibitors.
If the inhibitor is less than 10 BU per mL, the administration of additional Kogenate FS concentrate may neutralize the inhibitor, and may permit an appropriate hemostatic response.

Adequate hemostasis may not be achieved if inhibitor titers are above 10 BU per mL. The inhibitor titer may rise following Kogenate FS infusion as a result of an anamnestic response to factor VIII. The treatment or prevention of bleeding in such patients requires the use of alternative therapeutic approaches and agents.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most serious adverse reactions are systemic hypersensitivity reactions including bronchospastic reactions and/or hypotension and anaphylaxis and the development of high-titer inhibitors necessitating alternative treatments to AHF.

The most common adverse reactions observed in clinical trials (frequency ≥ 4% of patients) are inhibitor formation in previously untreated patients (PUPs) and minimally treated patients (MTPs), skin-related hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., rash, pruritus), infusion site reactions (e.g., inflammation, pain), and central venous access device (CVAD) line-associated infections in patients requiring a CVAD for intravenous administration.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

Previously Treated Patients (PTPs)

During the clinical studies conducted in PTPs, there were 24 adverse reactions reported in the course of 24,936 infusions.

Adverse reactions reported by ≥ 4% of the patients are listed in Table 3 below.

Table 3 Adverse Reactions (AR) in Previously Treated Patients (PTPs) with Frequency of ≥ 4%

MedDRA Primary SOC

Preferred Term

Total No. of Patients: 73

No. of Patients with AR (%)

Total No. of Infusions: 24,936

AR per Infusion (%)

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders

Rash, pruritus

6 (8.2%)

0.02

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions

Infusion site reactions

3 (4.1%)

0.01

SOC = System Organ Class

Previously Untreated Patients (PUPs) and Minimally Treated Patients (MTPs)

In clinical studies with pediatric PUPs and MTPs, there were 29 adverse reactions reported in the course of 9,389 infusions.

Adverse reactions reported by ≥ 4% of the patients are listed in Table 4 below.

Table 4 Adverse Reactions (AR) in Previously Untreated Patients (PUPs) and Minimally Treated Patients (MTPs) with Frequency of ≥ 4% (Age Range 2-27 months)
*
Denominator for de novo inhibitors is N=60, since one patient had a pre-existing inhibitor.

MedDRA Primary SOC

Preferred Term

Total No. of patients: 61

No. of Patients with AR
(%)

Total No. of Infusions: 9,389

AR per Infusion
(%)

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue
Disorders

Rash, pruritus, urticaria

10 (16.4)

0.01

Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders

Factor VIII inhibition

9 (15)*a

N/A

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions

Infusion site reactions

4 (6.6)

0.04

SOC = System Organ Class

Minimally Treated Patients (MTPs) in the Joint Outcome Study

In the Joint Outcome Study with pediatric MTPs treated with routine prophylaxis or episodic enhanced treatment for 5.5 years, 46 of the 65 randomized patients experienced adverse events over the study duration. Adverse events were not assessed for their relationship with Kogenate FS.

Table 5 Adverse Events (AE) in MTPs in the Joint Outcome Study (Age Range 0-6 years)
*
Three patients from the enhanced episodic arm had catheter removal.

MedDRA Primary SOC

Preferred Term

Total No. of Prophylaxis Arm Patients: 32
No. of Patients with AE (%)

Total No. of Enhanced Episodic Arm Patients: 33
No. of Patients with AE (%)

Surgical and Medical Procedures

Central venous catheterization, Catheter removal

19 (59)

18*a (55)

Infections and Infestations

Central line infection

6 (19)

6 (18)

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions

Pyrexia

1 (3)

4 (12)

SOC = System Organ Class

Immunogenicity

In clinical studies with 73 PTPs (defined as having more than 100 exposure days), one patient had a pre-existing inhibitor. In the other 72 patients, followed over 4 years, no de novo inhibitors were observed.

In clinical studies with pediatric PUPs and MTPs, inhibitor development was observed in 9 out of 60 patients (15%), 6 were high titer1 (>5 BU) and 3 were low-titer inhibitors. Inhibitors were detected at a median number of 7 exposure days (range 2 to 16 exposure days).

In the Joint Outcome Study with Kogenate FS,5de novo inhibitor development was observed in 8 of 64 patients with negative baseline values (12.5%), 2 patients developed high titer1 (>5 BU) and were withdrawn from the study. Six patients developed low-titer inhibitors. Inhibitors were detected at a median number of 44 exposure days (range 5 to 151 exposure days).

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Kogenate FS. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Among patients treated with Kogenate FS, cases of serious allergic/hypersensitivity reactions (which may include facial swelling, flushing, hives, blood pressure decrease, nausea, rash, restlessness, shortness of breath, tachycardia, tightness of the chest, tingling, urticaria, vomiting) have been reported, particularly in very young patients or patients who have previously reacted to other factor VIII concentrates.

The following table represents the post-marketing adverse reactions as MedDRA Preferred Terms.

Table 6 Post-Marketing Experience

MedDRA Primary SOC

Preferred Term

Immune System Disorders

Anaphylactic reaction, other hypersensitivity reactions

Nervous System Disorders

Dysgeusia

SOC = System Organ Class

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

None known.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C.

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Kogenate FS. It is also not known whether Kogenate FS can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or affect reproduction capacity. Kogenate FS should be used during pregnancy only if clinically needed.

8.2 Labor and Delivery

There is no information available on the effect of factor VIII replacement therapy on labor and delivery. Kogenate FS should be used only if clinically needed.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted into human milk. Because many drugs are excreted into human milk, caution should be exercised if Kogenate FS is administered to nursing mothers. Kogenate FS should be given to nursing mothers only if clinically needed.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy studies have been performed in previously untreated and minimally treated pediatric patients. Children in comparison to adults present higher factor VIII clearance values and thus lower recovery of factor VIII. This may be explained by differences in body composition7 and should be taken into account when dosing or following factor VIII levels in such a population. [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).] Routine prophylactic treatment in children ages 0-2.5 years with no pre-existing joint damage has been shown to reduce spontaneous joint bleeding and the risk of joint damage. This data can be extrapolated to ages >2.5-16 years for children who have no existing joint damage. [See Clinical Studies (14).]

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies with Kogenate FS did not include patients aged 65 and over. Dose selection for an elderly patient should be individualized.

11 DESCRIPTION

Kogenate FS Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) is a coagulation factor VIII produced by recombinant DNA technology. It is produced by Baby Hamster Kidney (BHK) cells into which the human factor VIII gene has been introduced.8 The cell culture medium contains Human Plasma Protein Solution (HPPS) and recombinant insulin, but does not contain any proteins derived from animal sources. Kogenate FS is a purified glycoprotein consisting of multiple peptides including an 80 kD and various extensions of the 90 kD subunit. It has the same biological activity as factor VIII derived from human plasma. No human or animal proteins, such as albumin, are added during the purification and formulation processes of Kogenate FS.

The purification process includes a solvent/detergent virus inactivation step in addition to the use of the purification methods of ion exchange chromatography, monoclonal antibody immunoaffinity chromatography, along with other chromatographic steps designed to purify recombinant factor VIII and remove contaminating substances.

Additionally, the manufacturing process was investigated for its capacity to decrease the infectivity of an experimental agent of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), considered as a model for the vCJD and CJD agents.9-21 Several of the individual production and raw material preparation steps in the Kogenate FS manufacturing process have been shown to decrease TSE infectivity of that experimental model agent. TSE reduction steps include the Fraction II+III separation step for HPPS (6.0 log10) and an anion exchange chromatography step (3.6 log10).

Kogenate FS is formulated with the following as stabilizers [see Table 7] in the final container and is then lyophilized. The final product is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, preservative-free, powder preparation for intravenous (IV) injection. Intravenous administration of sucrose contained in Kogenate FS will not affect blood glucose levels.

Table 7 Stabilizers Contained in Kogenate FS Final Container

Stabilizer

250 IU, 500 IU, 1000 IU

2000 IU, 3000 IU

Sucrose

0.9–1.3%

0.9–1.2%

Glycine

21–25 mg/mL

20–24 mg/mL

Histidine

18–23 mmol/L

17–22 mmol/L

The following inactive ingredients/excipients are also contained in the final product:

Table 8 Inactive Ingredients/Excipients

Inactive Ingredient/Excipient

250 IU, 500 IU, 1000 IU

2000 IU, 3000 IU

Sodium

27–36 mEq/L

26–34 mEq/L

Calcium

2.0–3.0 mmol/L

1.9–2.9 mmol/L

Chloride

32–40 mEq/L

31–38 mEq/L

Polysorbate 80

64–96 µg/mL

64–96 µg/mL

Sucrose

28 mg/vial

52 mg/vial

Imidazole, tri-n-butyl phosphate, and copper

Trace amounts

Trace amounts

Each vial of Kogenate FS contains the labeled amount of recombinant factor VIII in international units (IU). One IU, as defined by the World Health Organization standard for blood coagulation factor VIII, human, is approximately equal to the level of factor VIII activity found in 1 mL of fresh pooled human plasma.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Kogenate FS temporarily replaces the missing clotting factor VIII that is needed for effective hemostasis.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

The aPTT is prolonged in patients with hemophilia. Determination of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) is a conventional in vitro assay for biological activity of factor VIII. Treatment with Kogenate FS normalizes the aPTT over the effective dosing period.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetic properties of Kogenate FS were investigated in two separate studies in previously treated patients, adults and children.

Pharmacokinetic studies with Kogenate FS were conducted in 20 PTPs (ages 12 to 33 years) with severe hemophilia A in North America. The pharmacokinetic parameters for Kogenate FS were measured in a randomized, crossover clinical trial with the predecessor KOGENATE product with a single dose administration of 50 IU/kg. After 24 weeks, the same dose of Kogenate FS was administered to the same patients. The recovery and half-life data for Kogenate FS were unchanged after 24 weeks of continued treatment with sustained efficacy and no evidence of factor VIII inhibition. [See Table 9.]

Table 9 Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Kogenate FS Compared to KOGENATE

Parameter

Kogenate FS

KOGENATE

Initial PK Mean (±SD)

PK at week 24 Mean (±SD)

Reference Mean (±SD)

AUC (IU • h/dL)

1588.05 ± 344.32

1487.08 ± 381.73

1879.02 ± 412.32

Cmax (IU/dL)

114.95 ± 20.19

109.42 ± 20.09

127.40 ± 33.21

Half-life (hr)

13.74 ± 1.82

14.60 ± 4.38

14.07 ± 2.62

In Vivo Recovery (IU/dL / IU/kg)

2.20 ± 0.34

2.11 ± 0.37

2.43 ± 0.60

 

The pharmacokinetics of Kogenate FS were investigated in pediatric PTPs (4.4-18.1 years of age, average age 12).7 The pharmacokinetic parameters in children compared to adults show differences in higher clearance, lower incremental in vivo factor VIII recovery and a shorter factor VIII half-life. This might be explained by differences in body composition such as body surface area and plasma volume. The pharmacokinetic parameters are depicted in Table 10.

Table 10 Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Kogenate FS in Children

Parameter

Mean (range)

AUC (IU • h/dL)

1320.0

Clearance (mL/h•kg)

4.1

Half-life (hr)

10.7 (7.8–15.3)

In Vivo Recovery (IU/dL / IU/kg)

1.9 (1.25–2.76)

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

Preclinical studies evaluating Kogenate FS in hemophilia A with mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs demonstrated safe and effective restoration of hemostasis. Doses several fold higher than the recommended clinical dose (related to body weight) did not demonstrate any acute or subacute toxic effect for Kogenate FS in laboratory animals.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

No studies have been conducted with Kogenate FS to assess its mutagenic or carcinogenic potential and impairment of fertility. Kogenate FS has been shown to be comparable to the predecessor product with respect to its biochemical and physiochemical properties, as well as its non-clinical in vivo pharmacology and toxicology. By inference, the predecessor product and Kogenate FS would be expected to have equivalent mutagenic and carcinogenic potential.

The predecessor product did not demonstrate reverse mutation or chromosomal aberrations at doses substantially greater than the maximum expected clinical dose. In vivo evaluation with the predecessor product in animals using doses ranging between 10 and 40 times the expected clinical maximum also indicated that the predecessor product did not possess a mutagenic potential. Long-term investigations of carcinogenic potential in animals have not been performed due to the immune response to heterologous proteins in all non-human mammalian species.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Previously Treated Patients

A total of 73 patients with severe (≤ 2% FVIII) hemophilia A, ages 12–59, who had been previously treated with other recombinant or with plasma-derived AHF products, were treated up to 54-months in open label studies with Kogenate FS in Europe and North America. A total of 5,684 bleeding episodes were treated during the studies. Patients could be treated on demand or on prophylaxis. Regularly scheduled prophylaxis treatment represented 76% of all infusions (treatment regimens of 2-3 infusions per week). [See Table 11.]

Table 11 Previously Treated Patients (PTPs) Clinical Trial Results

Clinical Parameters

Results

No. of Infusions of Kogenate FS Administered

24,924

No. of IU Administered

45 million IU

No. of Bleeds Treated with Kogenate FS

5,684

Percentage of Bleeds Treated with One or Two Infusions of Kogenate FS

one infusion: 79.7%,

two infusions: 13.0%

total: 92.7%

Mean Kogenate FS Dose per Treatment Infusion (in Europe and North America, Respectively)

Approximately 32.5 and 29.6 IU/kg per treatment infusion

A total of 30 patients received Kogenate FS for 41 surgical procedures during the PTP studies. There were both minor and major surgery types, 16 and 25 respectively. The surgeon or treating physician assigned a rating to the hemostatic outcome according to 4 categories; “excellent”, “good,” “moderate,” or “none.” Hemostasis was rated as satisfactory (“excellent” or “good”) in all cases. [See Table 13.]

14.2 Previously Untreated and Minimally Treated Patients

Kogenate FS has been used in the treatment of bleeding episodes in pediatric previously untreated patients (PUPs) and minimally treated patients (MTPs) with severe (< 2% FVIII) hemophilia A. There were 37 PUPs and 24 MTPs (defined as having equal to or less than 4 exposure days) treated with a total of 9,419 infusions of Kogenate FS for a follow up duration up to 3.1 years. A total of 1047 bleeding episodes were treated.

Table 12 Previously Untreated and Minimally Treated Patients (PUPs and MTPs) Clinical Trial Results

Clinical Parameters

Results

No. of Infusions of Kogenate FS Administered

9,419

No. of Exposure Days to Kogenate FS (median)

115 exposure days

No. of IU Administered

7.5 million IU

No. of Bleeds Treated with Kogenate FS

1,047

Percentage of Bleeds Treated with One or Two Infusions of Kogenate FS

one infusion 73.1%

two infusions 15.0%

total: 88.1%

A total of 27 surgical procedures were performed in 22 patients during the PUPs and MTPs study. There were both minor and major surgery types, 21 and 6 respectively. The surgeon or treating physician assigned a rating to the hemostatic outcome according to 4 categories; “excellent,” “good,” “moderate,” or “none.” Hemostasis was rated as satisfactory (“excellent” or “good”) in all cases. [See Table 13.]

Table 13 Surgical Procedures Performed During PTPs and PUPs/MTPs Clinical Trials

Type of Surgery

PTPs (N=30)

PUPs/MTPs (N=22)

No. of Surgical Events

Outcome “Good” or “Excellent”

No. of Surgical Events

Outcome “Good” or “Excellent”

Minor Surgery

(i.e., tooth extractions, catheter implantations, liver biopsies)

16

100%

21

100%

Major Surgery

(i.e., joint replacements, craniotomies, gastrointestinal resection)

25

100%

6

100%

Total

41

27

14.3 Pediatric Prophylaxis and Joint Damage Risk Reduction  

A total of 65 boys less than 30 months of age with severe hemophilia A (FVIII level ≤ 2 IU/dL) and with ≤ 2 bleeds into each index joint and normal baseline joint imaging, were observed for up to 5.5 years in a multicenter, open-label, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study.5 Patients received either 25 IU/kg every other day (primary prophylaxis; n=32) or at least 3 doses totaling a minimum of 80 IU/kg at the time of a bleeding episode (enhanced episodic; n=33). Joint damage was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or radiography, as well as the frequency of bleeding episodes. Joint damage detected by MRI or radiography in the ankles, knees, and elbows (i.e., index joints) was statistically significantly lower (p=0.002) for subjects receiving prophylactic therapy (7%) than for subjects receiving episodic therapy (42%). This corresponds to a 6.29-fold relative risk of joint damage for subjects treated with enhanced episodic therapy compared to prophylaxis. The mean rate of index joint hemorrhages for subjects on episodic therapy was 4.89 bleeds per year, versus 0.63 bleeds per year observed in the prophylaxis arm. Three of 33 (9.1%) of subjects in the episodic arm experienced recurrent life threatening bleeds (intracranial, gastrointestinal) compared to no subjects in the prophylaxis arm. On a per joint basis, joints in the regular prophylaxis arm were 8-fold more likely to remain damage-free than those in the episodic arm. Joint damage was most frequently observed in ankle joints and was detected at higher rates by MRI than by radiography. Ankles were also the index joint that demonstrated the highest frequency of bleeding events in this study (left ankle, mean 2.7 hemorrhages; right ankle, mean 2.6 hemorrhages).

As shown in Table 14 below, the incidence of joint damage was statistically significantly lower in the prophylactic group as compared to the episodic treatment group when assessed by MRI, or either MRI or radiography, using predefined criteria (described below) for establishing joint damage. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups when joint damage was assessed by radiography alone.

To evaluate joint damage, MRIs were scored using a scale developed by Nuss et al. ,22 and X-rays were scored using the method of Pettersson et al.23 Both scales have been validated in various clinical trials and are routinely used for joint damage evaluation in hemophiliacs. Joint damage was defined as bone and/or cartilage damage including subchondral cysts, erosions and cartilage loss with narrowing of joint space. This corresponded to a total MRI score of ≥7 or an X-ray score of ≥ 1 in any of the following categories: subchondral cysts, erosions of joint surfaces or narrowing of joint spaces. Images were read separately by two independent radiologists centrally. Any discrepant reading was read by an independent third radiologist who was not aware of the initial reading results. The concordant reading of two out of three readers was used for analysis purposes.

Table 14 Subjects with Joint Damage (Subjects with Available Baseline and Endpoint Data)

Endpoint Assessment

Prophylaxis

Episodic Therapy

p-value

Incidence (%)

Relative Risk (95% CI)

Incidence (%)

Relative Risk (95% CI)

MRI

2/27 (7%)

0.17 (0.04, 0.67)

13/29 (45%)

6.05 (1.50, 24.38)

0.002

Radiography

1/28 (4%)

0.19 (0.02, 1.55)

5/27 (19%)

5.19 (0.65, 41.54)

0.101

MRI or Radiography

2/30 (7%)

0.16 (0.04, 0.65)

13/31 (42%)

6.29 (1.55, 25.55)

0.002

Relative Risk is the risk of damage to one or more index joints on the given therapy as compared to the other therapy.

P-value is from the 2-sided Fisher Exact Test comparing the incidence of joint damage between treatment groups.

As shown in Table 15 below, the assessment of endpoints in all randomized subjects assuming that those without complete baseline and endpoint data are treatment failures (intention-to-treat analysis). The incidence of joint damage was statistically significantly lower in the prophylactic group as compared to the episodic treatment group, with similar p-values, when assessed by MRI, or either MRI or radiography.

Table 15 Subjects with Joint Damage (All Randomized Subjects Assuming Subjects without Complete Baseline and Endpoint Data as Treatment Failures)

Endpoint Assessment

Prophylaxis (n=32)

Episodic Therapy (n=33)

p-value

Incidence (%)

Relative Risk (95% CI)

Incidence (%)

Relative Risk (95% CI)

MRI

7 (22%)

0.42 (0.20, 0.88)

17 (52%)

2.35 (1.13, 4.90)

0.020

Radiography

5 (16%)

0.47 (0.18, 1.20)

11 (33%)

2.13 (0.83, 5.45)

0.150

MRI or Radiography

8 (25%)

0.43 (0.22, 0.85)

19 (58%)

2.30 (1.18, 4.49)

0.012

Relative Risk is the risk of damage to one or more index joints on the given therapy as compared to the other therapy.

P-value is from the 2-sided Fisher Exact Test comparing the incidence of joint damage between treatment groups.

15 REFERENCES

1.
White GC, Rosendaal F, Aledort LM, Lusher JM, Rothschild C, Ingerslev J, for the Factor VIII and Factor IX Subcommittee of the Scientific and Standardization Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Definitions in hemophilia. Thromb Haemost 85:560-75, 2001.
2.
Abildgaard CF, Simone JV, Corrigan JJ, et al: Treatment of hemophilia with glycine-precipitated Factor VIII. N Engl J Med 275(9):471–5, 1966.
3.
Schwartz RS, Abildgaard CF, Aledort LM, et al: Human recombinant DNA-derived antihemophilic factor (factor VIII) in the treatment of hemophilia A. Recombinant Factor VIII Study Group. N Engl J Med 323(26):1800-5, 1990.
4.
White GC 2nd, Courter S, Bray GL, et al: A multicenter study of recombinant factor VIII (Recombinate) in previously treated patients with hemophilia A. The Recombinate Previously Treated Patient Study Group. Thromb Haemost 77(4):660-667, 1997.
5.
Manco-Johnson MJ, Abshire TC, Shapiro AD, Riske B, Hacker MR, Kilcoyne R, et al. Prophylaxis versus episodic treatment to prevent joint disease in boys with severe hemophilia. N Engl J Med 2007;357(6):535-44.
6.
Kasper CK: Complications of hemophilia A treatment: factor VIII inhibitors. Ann NY Acad Sci 614:97–105, 1991.
7.
Barnes C, Lillicrap D, Pazmino-Canizares J, et al: Pharmacokinetics of recombinant factor VIII (Kogenate-FS®) in children and causes of inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability. Haemophilia 12 (Suppl. 4): 40-49, 2006.
8.
Lawn RM, Vehar GA: The molecular genetics of hemophilia. Sci Am 254(3):48–54, 1986.
9.
Kimberlin RH, Walker CA: Characteristics of a short incubation model of scrapie in the golden hamster. J Gen Virol 34(2):295-304, 1977.
10.
Kimberlin RH, Walker CA: Evidence that the transmission of one source of scrapie agent to hamsters involves separation of agent strains from a mixture. J Gen Virol 39(3):487-96, 1978.
11.
Kimberlin RH, Walker CA: Pathogenesis of scrapie (strain 263K) in hamsters infected intracerebrally, intraperitoneally or intraocularly. J Gen Virol 67(2):255-63, 1986.
12.
Prusiner SB, et al: Further purification and characterization of scrapie prions. Biochemistry 21(26):6942-50, 1982.
13.
Kascsak RJ, et al: Mouse polyclonal and monoclonal antibody to scrapie-associated fibril proteins. J Virol 61(12):3688-93, 1987.
14.
Rubenstein R, et al: Scrapie-infected spleens: analysis of infectivity, scrapie-associated fibrils, and protease-resistant proteins. J Infect Dis 164(1):29-35, 1991.
15.
Taylor DM, Fernie K: Exposure to autoclaving or sodium hydroxide extends the dose-response curve of the 263K strain of scrapie agent in hamsters. J Gen Virol 77(4):811-13, 1996.
16.
Stenland CJ, et al: Partitioning of human and sheep forms of the pathogenic prion protein during the purification of therapeutic proteins from human plasma. Transfusion 42(11):1497-500, 2002.
17.
Lee DC, Miller JL, Petteway SR: Pathogen safety of manufacturing processes for biological products: special emphasis on KOGENATE® Bayer. Haemophilia 8(Suppl. 2):6-9, 2002.
18.
Lee DC, Stenland CJ, Hartwell, RC, et al: Monitoring plasma processing steps with a sensitive Western blot assay for the detection of the prion protein. J Virol Methods 84(1):77-89, 2000.
19.
Lee DC, Stenland CJ, Miller JL, et al: A direct relationship between the partitioning of the pathogenic prion protein and transmissible spongiform encephalopathy infectivity during the purification of plasma proteins. Transfusion 41(4):449-55, 2001.
20.
Cai K, Miller JL, Stenland CJ, et al: Solvent-dependent precipitation of prion protein. Biochim Biophys Acta 1597(1):28-35, 2002.
21.
Trejo SR, Hotta JA, Lebing W, et al: Evaluation of virus and prion reduction in a new intravenous immunoglobulin manufacturing process. Vox Sang 84(3):176-87, 2003.
22.
Nuss R, Kilcoyne RF, Geraghty S, et al: MRI findings in haemophilic joints treated with radiosynoviorthesis with development of an MRI scale of joint damage. Haemophilia 6:162-169, 2000.
23.
Pettersson H, Ahlberg A, Nilsson IM: A radiologic classification of hemophilia arthropathy. Clin Orthop Relat Res 149:153-159, 1980.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1 How Supplied

Kogenate FS Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) with BIO-SET®, a needleless self-contained system, is supplied in the following single use glass vial sizes. A prefilled diluent syringe containing Sterile Water for Injection, USP, an administration set, two alcohol swabs, one bandage, and one cotton pad are also provided.

NDC Number

Approximate FVIII Activity (IU)

Diluent (mL)

0026-3792-20

250

2.5

0026-3793-30

500

2.5

0026-3795-50

1000

2.5

0026-3796-60

2000

5.0

0026-3797-70

3000

5.0

 

Actual factor VIII activity in IU is stated on the label of each Kogenate FS Vial.

16.2 Storage and Handling

Product as Packaged for Sale:

Store Kogenate FS at +2°C to +8°C (36°F to 46°F) for up to 30 months from the date of manufacture. Within this period, Kogenate FS may be stored for a period of up to 12 months at temperatures up to +25°C or 77°F, such as in home treatment situations.
The starting date of room temperature storage should be clearly recorded on the unopened product carton. Once stored at room temperature, the product must not be returned to the refrigerator. The shelf-life then expires after the storage at room temperature, or the expiration date on the product vial, whichever is earlier.
Do not use Kogenate FS after the expiration date indicated on the vial.
Do not freeze.
Protect from extreme exposure to light and store the lyophilized powder in the carton prior to use.

Product After Reconstitution:

Administer Kogenate FS within 3 hours after reconstitution.
It is recommended to use the administration set provided.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See Patient Product Information and Instructions for Use

Advise patients to report any adverse reactions or problems following Kogenate FS administration to their physician or healthcare provider.

Allergic-type hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with Kogenate FS. Warn patients of the early signs of hypersensitivity reactions [including hives (rash with itching), generalized urticaria, tightness of the chest, wheezing, hypotension] and anaphylaxis. Advise patients to discontinue use of the product if these symptoms occur and seek immediate emergency treatment with resuscitative measures such as the administration of epinephrine and oxygen.
In clinical studies with Kogenate FS, a 15% incidence of inhibitor development was observed in PUPs/MTPs and zero de novo inhibitors were observed with the PTPs. Inhibitor formation may occur at any time in the treatment of a patient with hemophilia A. Advise patients to contact their physician or treatment center for further treatment and/or assessment, if they experience a lack of clinical response to factor VIII replacement therapy, as this may be a manifestation of an inhibitor.
Advise patients to consult with their healthcare provider prior to travel. While traveling advise patients to bring an adequate supply of Kogenate FS based on their current regimen of treatment.

FDA-Approved Patient Labeling

Kogenate FS (kō-jen-ate)

Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant)

Formulated with Sucrose

This leaflet summarizes important information about Kogenate FS with BIO-SET, a needleless self-contained reconstitution system. Please read it carefully before using this medicine. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider, and it does not include all of the important information about Kogenate FS. If you have any questions after reading this, ask your healthcare provider.

Do not attempt to self-infuse unless you have been taught how by your healthcare provider or hemophilia center.

What is Kogenate FS?

Kogenate FS is a medicine used to replace clotting factor (factor VIII or antihemophilic factor) that is missing in people with hemophilia A (also called “classic” hemophilia). Hemophilia A is an inherited bleeding disorder that prevents blood from clotting normally.

Kogenate FS is used to prevent and control bleeding in adults and children (0-16 years) with hemophilia A. Your healthcare provider may give you Kogenate FS when you have surgery. Kogenate FS can reduce the number of bleeding episodes when used regularly and reduce the risk of joint damage in children.

Kogenate FS is not used to treat von Willebrand’s Disease.

Who should not use Kogenate FS?

You should not use Kogenate FS if you

are allergic to rodents (like mice and hamsters).
are allergic to any ingredients in Kogenate FS.

Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or breast-feeding because Kogenate FS may not be right for you.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before I use Kogenate FS?

Tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions.

Tell your healthcare provider and pharmacist about all of the medicines you take, including all prescription and non-prescription medicines, such as over-the-counter medicines, supplements, or herbal remedies.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have been told that you have inhibitors to factor VIII (because Kogenate FS may not work for you).

What are the possible side effects of Kogenate FS?

You could have an allergic reaction to Kogenate FS. Call your healthcare provider right away and stop treatment if you get

rash or hives
itching
tightness of the chest or throat
difficulty breathing
light-headed, dizziness
nausea
decrease in blood pressure

Your body can also make antibodies, called “inhibitors,” against Kogenate FS, which may stop Kogenate FS from working properly. Consult with your healthcare provider to make sure you are carefully monitored with blood tests for the development of inhibitors to factor VIII.

Other common side effects of Kogenate FS are

Local injection site reactions (pain, swelling, irritation at infusion site)
Infections from implanted injection device

Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or does not go away.

Finding veins for injections may be difficult in young children. When frequent injections are required your child's healthcare provider may propose to have a device surgically placed under the skin to facilitate access to the bloodstream. These devices may result in infections.

These are not all the possible side effects with Kogenate FS. You can ask your healthcare provider for information that is written for healthcare professionals.

How do I store Kogenate FS?

Do not freeze Kogenate FS.

Store Kogenate FS at +2°C to +8°C (36°F to 46°F) for up to 30 months from the date of manufacture. Within this period, Kogenate FS may be stored for a period of up to 12 months at temperatures up to +25°C or 77°F.

The starting date of room temperature storage should be clearly recorded on the unopened product carton. Once stored at room temperature, the product must not be returned to the refrigerator. The shelf-life then expires after the storage at room temperature, or the expiration date on the product vial, whichever is earlier. Store vials in their original carton and protect them from extreme exposure to light.

Reconstituted product (after mixing dry products with wet diluent) must be used within 3 hours and cannot be stored.

Throw away any unused Kogenate FS after the expiration date.

Do not use reconstituted Kogenate FS if it is not clear to slightly cloudy and colorless.

What else should I know about Kogenate FS and hemophilia A?

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed here. Do not use Kogenate FS for a condition for which it is not prescribed. Do not share Kogenate FS with other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have.

This leaflet summarizes the most important information about Kogenate FS. If you would like more information, talk to your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about Kogenate FS that was written for healthcare professionals.

Instructions for use

How should I take Kogenate FS?

Do not attempt to self-infuse unless you have been taught how by your healthcare provider or hemophilia center.

See the step-by-step instructions for reconstituting Kogenate FS with BIO-SET at the end of this leaflet and the specific infusion instruction leaflet provided.

You should always follow the specific instructions given by your healthcare provider. The steps listed below are general guidelines for using Kogenate FS. If you are unsure of the procedures, please call your healthcare provider before using.

Call your healthcare provider right away if bleeding is not controlled after using Kogenate FS.

Your healthcare provider will prescribe the dose that you should take.

Your healthcare provider may need to take blood tests from time to time.

Talk to your healthcare provider before traveling. You should plan to bring enough Kogenate FS for your treatment during this time.

Carefully handle Kogenate  FS. Dispose of all materials, including any leftover reconstituted Kogenate  FS product, in an appropriate container.

Reconstitution and use of Kogenate FS

Always work on a clean surface and wash your hands before performing the following procedure. Use only the components for reconstitution and administration that are provided with each package of Kogenate FS. If a package is opened or damaged, do not use this component. If these components cannot be used, please contact your healthcare provider. If you have any questions about Kogenate FS contact Bayer at 1-888-84-BAYER (1-888-842-2937).

1. Prepare

A. Open

The easiest way to remove the cap from the vials is to move the top from side-to-side while pulling upward at the same time. This breaks the small plastic tabs that connect the cap to the top of the vial.

open

B. Remove Tip Cap

Remove the tamper-evident tip cap from the syringe. Separate the tip cap from the syringe by gently breaking it off. Hold the syringe in one hand while snapping off the tip cap with the other hand. Do not try to twist it off. Move it from side to side.

remove tip

C. Connect Syringe

Connect the prefilled syringe to the powder vial by gently screwing it on clockwise on to the top of the vial until finger tight. Do not overtighten.

connect syringe

2. Activate

A. Activate (Spike the vial)

Place the vial on a solid, non-skid surface. Hold the vial firmly with one hand. With the other hand, place your thumb and forefinger on the fingerplate of the syringe and press down firmly on the fingerplate until it meets the top of the powder vial. This is the most critical step in the process. If the syringe is not pushed down firmly enough, the system will not be fully activated.

Activate

B. Connect Plunger Rod

Grasp the plunger rod at the top. Avoid contact with the rest of the plunger rod. Immediately connect it to the syringe by screwing the plunger rod clockwise into the rubber stopper.

connect the plunger

C. Inject

Inject diluent into the vial by slowly pressing down the plunger rod. Pushing down the syringe too quickly may cause foaming in the vial. If this occurs, wait until the foam subsides before continuing.

inject

D. Mix

Mix the diluent and powder by swirling gently and slowly. DO NOT SHAKE THE VIAL. Be sure the powder is completely dissolved before using.

mix

3. Transfer

A. Transfer

Invert the vial, with the syringe still attached and smoothly draw all the solution into the syringe. Tilt the vial to the side and back to check that all remaining solution has been drawn into the large opening in the rubber stopper.

transfer
transfer 2

B. Disconnect

Disconnect the syringe from the empty vial by unscrewing it counterclockwise. DO NOT PULL THE SYRINGE FROM THE VIAL WITHOUT UNSCREWING IT FIRST.

disconnect

C. Infuse

Attach the syringe to the butterfly set by screwing it in clockwise and follow the infusion instructions provided with Kogenate FS with BIO-SET.

infuse

Rate of administration

The entire dose of Kogenate  FS can usually be infused within 1 to 15 minutes. However, your healthcare provider will determine the rate of administration that is best for you.

Resources at Bayer available to the patient:

For Adverse Reaction Reporting contact:

Bayer Medical Communications 1-888-84-BAYER (1-888-842-2937)

Contact Bayer to receive more product information:

Kogenate FS Customer Service 1-888-606-3780

Bayer Reimbursement HELPline 1-800-288-8374

For more information, visit www.kogenatefs.com

Bayer HealthCare LLC Tarrytown, NY 10591 USA

U.S. License No. 8

(License Holder: Bayer Corporation)

http://www.kogenatefs.com/

Kogenate FS with BIO-SET Carton 250 IU

NDC 0026-3792-20

Kogenate FS

Antihemophilic

Factor

(Recombinant)

With BIO-SET

Formulated with

Sucrose

Kogenate FS w BIO-SET carton 250 IU

Kogenate FS with BIO-SET Carton 500 IU

NDC 0026-3793-30

Kogenate FS

Antihemophilic

Factor

(Recombinant)

With BIO-SET

Formulated with

Sucrose

Kogenate FS w BIO-SET carton 500 IU

Kogenate FS with BIO-SET Carton 1000 IU

NDC 0026-3795-50

Kogenate FS

Antihemophilic

Factor

(Recombinant)

With BIO-SET

Formulated with

Sucrose

Kogenate FS w BIO-SET 1000 IU

Kogenate FS with BIO-SET Carton 2000 IU

NDC 0026-3796-60

Kogenate FS

Antihemophilic

Factor

(Recombinant)

With BIO-SET

Formulated with

Sucrose

Kogenate FS w BIO-SET carton 2000 IU

Kogenate FS with BIO-SET Carton 3000 IU

NDC 0026-3797-70

Kogenate FS

Antihemophilic

Factor

(Recombinant)

With BIO-SET

Formulated with

Sucrose

Kogenate FS w BIO-SET carton 3000 IU
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) kit
Product Information
Product TypePLASMA DERIVATIVEItem Code (Source)NDC:0026-3795
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-3795-501 in 1 BOX
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL, SINGLE-USE 2.5 mL
Part 21 SYRINGE 2.5 mL
Part 1 of 2
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-4795
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT (ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT) ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT1000 [iU]  in 2.5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
CALCIUM 
CHLORIDE ION 
COPPER 
GLYCINE 
HISTIDINE 
POLYSORBATE 80 
SODIUM POLYMETAPHOSPHATE 
SUCROSE 
TRI-N-BUTYL PHOSPHATE 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-4795-012.5 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
water solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-0426
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
WATER 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-0426-022.5 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) kit
Product Information
Product TypePLASMA DERIVATIVEItem Code (Source)NDC:0026-3793
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-3793-301 in 1 BOX
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL, SINGLE-USE 2.5 mL
Part 21 SYRINGE 2.5 mL
Part 1 of 2
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-4793
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT (ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT) ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT500 [iU]  in 2.5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
CALCIUM 
CHLORIDE ION 
COPPER 
GLYCINE 
HISTIDINE 
POLYSORBATE 80 
SODIUM POLYMETAPHOSPHATE 
SUCROSE 
TRI-N-BUTYL PHOSPHATE 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-4793-012.5 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
water solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-0426
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
WATER 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-0426-022.5 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) kit
Product Information
Product TypePLASMA DERIVATIVEItem Code (Source)NDC:0026-3792
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-3792-201 in 1 BOX
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL, SINGLE-USE 2.5 mL
Part 21 SYRINGE 2.5 mL
Part 1 of 2
KOGENATE FS 
antihemphilic factor (recombinant) injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-4792
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT (ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT) ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT250 [iU]  in 2.5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
CALCIUM 
CHLORIDE ION 
COPPER 
GLYCINE 
HISTIDINE 
POLYSORBATE 80 
SODIUM POLYMETAPHOSPHATE 
SUCROSE 
TRI-N-BUTYL PHOSPHATE 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-4792-012.5 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
water solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-0426
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
WATER 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-0426-022.5 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333211/17/2005
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) kit
Product Information
Product TypePLASMA DERIVATIVEItem Code (Source)NDC:0026-3796
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-3796-601 in 1 BOX
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL, SINGLE-USE 5 mL
Part 21 SYRINGE 5 mL
Part 1 of 2
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-4796
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT (ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT) ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT2000 [iU]  in 5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
CALCIUM 
CHLORIDE ION 
COPPER 
GLYCINE 
HISTIDINE 
POLYSORBATE 80 
SODIUM POLYMETAPHOSPHATE 
SUCROSE 
TRI-N-BUTYL PHOSPHATE 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-4796-015 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333207/03/2008
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
water solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-0426
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
WATER 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-0426-055 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333207/03/2008
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333207/04/2008
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) kit
Product Information
Product TypePLASMA DERIVATIVEItem Code (Source)NDC:0026-3797
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-3797-701 in 1 BOX
Quantity of Parts
Part #Package QuantityTotal Product Quantity
Part 11 VIAL, SINGLE-USE 5 mL
Part 21 SYRINGE 5 mL
Part 1 of 2
KOGENATE FS 
antihemophilic factor (recombinant) injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-4797
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT (ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT) ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR, HUMAN RECOMBINANT3000 [iU]  in 5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
CALCIUM 
CHLORIDE ION 
COPPER 
GLYCINE 
HISTIDINE 
POLYSORBATE 80 
SODIUM POLYMETAPHOSPHATE 
SUCROSE 
TRI-N-BUTYL PHOSPHATE 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-4797-015 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333207/31/2009
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
water solution
Product Information
Item Code (Source)NDC:0026-0426
Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUSDEA Schedule    
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
WATER 
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:0026-0426-055 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333207/31/2009
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
BLABLA10333207/31/2009
Labeler - Bayer HealthCare LLC (127769128)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Bayer HealthCare LLC127769128MANUFACTURE(0026-3795, 0026-3793, 0026-3792, 0026-3796, 0026-3797), API MANUFACTURE(0026-3795, 0026-3793, 0026-3792, 0026-3796, 0026-3797)

Revised: 1/2013
Document Id: ce7f0cb5-6ac9-4457-9caa-85310fecc539
Set id: 54c5f945-df7a-4ec6-993e-9633dda6a6ab
Version: 10
Effective Time: 20130118
 
Bayer HealthCare LLC