NORETHINDRONE ACETATE - norethindrone acetate tablet 
Amneal Pharmaceuticals

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Norethindrone Acetate Tablets, USP

DESCRIPTION

Norethindrone acetate tablets, USP - 5 mg oral tablets.

Norethindrone acetate, USP (17-hydroxy-19-nor-17α-pregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one acetate), a synthetic, orally active progestin, is the acetic acid ester of norethindrone, USP. It is a white, or creamy white, crystalline powder.

cd236b39-figure-01

Norethindrone acetate tablets, USP contain the following inactive ingredients: lactose, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Norethindrone acetate induces secretory changes in an estrogen-primed endometrium. On a weight basis, it is twice as potent as norethindrone.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Norethindrone acetate is completely and rapidly deacetylated to norethindrone (NET) after oral administration, and the disposition of norethindrone acetate is indistinguishable from that of orally administered norethindrone. Norethindrone acetate is rapidly absorbed from norethindrone acetate tablets, with maximum plasma concentration of norethindrone generally occurring at about 2 hours post-dose. The pharmacokinetic parameters of norethindrone following single oral administration of norethindrone acetate in 29 healthy female volunteers are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1.Pharmacokinetic Parameters after a Single Dose of Norethindrone Acetate in Healthy Women
Norethindrone Acetate (n=29) Arithmetic Mean ± SD
Norethindrone (NET)
AUC = area under the curve,
Cmax = maximum plasma concentration,
tmax = time at maximum plasma concentration,
t1/2 = half-life,
SD = standard deviation
AUC (0-inf)(ng/ml*h)166.90 ± 56.28
Cmax (ng/ml)26.19 ± 6.19
tmax (h)1.83 ± 0.58
t1/2 (h)8.51 ± 2.19

Figure 1. Mean Plasma Concentration Profile after a Single Dose of 5 mg Administered to 29 Healthy Female Volunteers under Fasting Conditions

cd236b39-figure-02
Effect of Food

The effect of food administration on the pharmacokinetics of norethindrone acetate has not been studied.

Distribution

Norethindrone is 36% bound to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and 61% bound to albumin. Volume of distribution of norethindrone is about 4 L/kg.

Metabolism

Norethindrone undergoes extensive biotransformation, primarily via reduction, followed by sulfate and glucuronide conjugation. The majority of metabolites in the circulation are sulfates, with glucuronides accounting for most of the urinary metabolites.

Excretion

Plasma clearance value for norethindrone is approximately 0.4 L/hr/kg. Norethindrone is excreted in both urine and feces, primarily as metabolites. The mean terminal elimination half-life of norethindrone following a single dose administration of norethindrone acetate is approximately 9 hours.

Special Populations

Geriatrics

The effect of age on the pharmacokinetics of norethindrone after norethindrone acetate administration has not been evaluated.

Race

The effect of race on the disposition of norethindrone after norethindrone acetate administration has not been evaluated.

Renal Insufficiency

The effect of renal disease on the disposition of norethindrone after norethindrone acetate administration has not been evaluated. In premenopausal women with chronic renal failure undergoing peritoneal dialysis who received multiple doses of an oral contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone, plasma norethindrone concentration was unchanged compared to concentrations in premenopausal women with normal renal function.

Hepatic Insufficiency

The effect of hepatic disease on the disposition of norethindrone after norethindrone acetate administration has not been evaluated. However, norethindrone acetate is contraindicated in markedly impaired liver function or liver disease.

Drug Interactions

No pharmacokinetic drug interaction studies investigating any drug-drug interactions with norethindrone acetate have been conducted.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Norethindrone acetate tablets, USP is indicated for the treatment of secondary amenorrhea, endometriosis, and abnormal uterine bleeding due to hormonal imbalance in the absence of organic pathology, such as submucous fibroids or uterine cancer. Norethindrone acetate tablets, USP are not intended, recommended or approved to be used with concomitant estrogen therapy in postmenopausal women for endometrial protection.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

WARNINGS

1. Cardiovascular disorders

Patients with risk factors for arterial vascular disease (e.g., hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity) and/or venous thromboembolism (e.g., personal history or family history of VTE, obesity, and systemic lupus erythematosus) should be managed appropriately.

2. Visual abnormalities

Discontinue medication pending examination if there is a sudden partial or complete loss of vision or if there is sudden onset of proptosis, diplopia, or migraine. If examination reveals papilledema or retinal vascular lesions, medication should be discontinued.

PRECAUTIONS

General Precautions

Information for the Patient

Healthcare providers are advised to discuss the PATIENT INFORMATION leaflet with patients for whom they prescribe norethindrone acetate.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

The following laboratory test results may be altered by the use of estrogen/progestin combination drugs:

  1. Accelerated prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and platelet aggregation time; increased platelet count; increased factors II, VII antigen, VIII antigen, VIII coagulant activity, IX, X, XII, VII-X complex, II-VII-X complex, and beta-thromboglobunin; decreased levels of antifactor Xa and antithrombin III, decreased antithrombin III activity; increased levels of fibrinogen and fibrinogen activity; increased plasminogen antigen and activity.
  2. Increased thyroid-binding globulin (TBG) levels leading to increased circulating total thyroid hormone levels as measured by protein-bound iodine (PBI), T4 levels (by column or by radioimmunoassay) or T3 levels by radioimmunoassay. T3 resin uptake is decreased, reflecting the elevated TBG. Free T4 and free T3 concentrations are unaltered. Patients on thyroid replacement therapy may require higher doses of thyroid hormone.
  3. Other binding proteins may be elevated in serum (i.e., corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG)) leading to increased circulating corticosteroid and sex steroids, respectively. Free or biologically active hormone concentrations are unchanged. Other plasma proteins may be increased (angiotensinogen/renin substrate, alpha-1-antitrypsin, ceruloplasmin).
  4. Increased plasma HDL and HDL2 cholesterol subfraction concentrations, reduced LDL cholesterol concentration, increased triglycerides levels.
  5. Impaired glucose metabolism.
  6. Reduced response to metyrapone test.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Some beagle dogs treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate developed mammary nodules. Although nodules occasionally appeared in control animals, they were intermittent in nature, whereas nodules in treated animals were larger and more numerous, and persisted. There is no general agreement as to whether the nodules are benign or malignant. Their significance with respect to humans has not been established.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category X

Norethindrone acetate is contraindicated during pregnancy as it may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. Several reports suggest an association between intrauterine exposure to progestational drugs in the first trimester of pregnancy and congenital abnormalities in male and female fetuses. Some progestational drugs induce mild virilization of the external genitalia of female fetuses.

Nursing Mothers

Detectable amounts of progestins have been identified in the milk of mothers receiving them. Caution should be exercised when progestins are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Norethindrone acetate tablets are not indicated in children.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

See WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS.

The following adverse reactions have been observed in women taking progestins:

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Therapy with norethindrone acetate tablets, USP must be adapted to the specific indications and therapeutic response of the individual patient.

Secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding due to hormonal imbalance in the absence of organic pathology: 2.5 to 10 mg norethindrone acetate, USP may be given daily for 5 to 10 days to produce secretory transformation of an endometrium that has been adequately primed with either endogenous or exogenous estrogen.

Progestin withdrawal bleeding usually occurs within three to seven days after discontinuing norethindrone acetate, USP therapy. Patients with a past history of recurrent episodes of abnormal uterine bleeding may benefit from planned menstrual cycling with norethindrone acetate tablets, USP.

Endometriosis: Initial daily dosage of 5 mg norethindrone acetate, USP for two weeks. Dosage should be increased by 2.5 mg per day every two weeks until 15 mg per day of norethindrone acetate, USP is reached. Therapy may be held at this level for six to nine months or until annoying breakthrough bleeding demands temporary termination.

HOW SUPPLIED

Norethindrone acetate tablets, USP, 5 mg, are supplied as white to off-white oval, biconvex tablets debossed with “AN” bisect “475” on one side and plain on the other side.

They are available as follows:


Bottles of 50:               NDC 65162-475-05

Bottles of 90:               NDC 65162-475-09

Bottles of 500:             NDC 65162-475-50

Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Manufactured by:

Amneal Pharmaceuticals of NY

Hauppauge, NY 11788


Distributed by:

Amneal Pharmaceuticals

Glasgow, KY 42141


Rev. 08-2012

PATIENT INFORMATION

Norethindrone Acetate Tablets

Read this PATIENT INFORMATION before you start taking norethindrone acetate tablets and read what you get each time you refill norethindrone acetate tablets. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition.

What is the most important information I should know about norethindrone acetate (A Progestin Hormone) tablets?

What is norethindrone acetate?

Norethindrone acetate is similar to the progesterone hormones naturally produced by the body.

What are norethindrone acetate tablets used for?

Norethindrone acetate tablets are used for the treatment of secondary amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods in women who have previously had a menstrual period who are not pregnant), the treatment of endometriosis, and the treatment of irregular menstrual periods due to hormone imbalance.

Who should not take norethindrone acetate tablets?

You should not take norethindrone acetate tablets if you are postmenopausal, pregnant or breast-feeding.

You should not take norethindrone acetate tablets if you have the following conditions:

What are the risks associated with norethindrone acetate tablets?

Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these warning signs, or any other unusual symptom that concerns you.

Common side effects include

Other side effects include

These are not all the possible side effects of progestin and/or estrogen therapy. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

What can I do to lower my chances of getting a serious side effect with norethindrone acetate?

General information about the safe and effective use of norethindrone acetate tablets

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets. Do not take norethindrone acetate tablets for conditions for which it was not prescribed. Do not give norethindrone acetate tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

Keep norethindrone acetate tablets out of the reach of children.

This leaflet provides a summary of the most important information about progestin and/or estrogen therapy. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask for information about norethindrone acetate that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in norethindrone acetate tablets?

Norethindrone acetate tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: lactose, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.

Manufactured by:

Amneal Pharmaceuticals of NY

Hauppauge, NY 11788


Distributed by:

Amneal Pharmaceuticals

Glasgow, KY 42141


Rev. 06-2012

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

cd236b39-figure-03
NORETHINDRONE ACETATE 
norethindrone tablet
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELItem Code (Source)NDC:65162-475
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
NORETHINDRONE ACETATE (NORETHINDRONE) NORETHINDRONE ACETATE5 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
LACTOSE 
MAGNESIUM STEARATE 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
Product Characteristics
ColorWHITE (off-white) Score2 pieces
ShapeOVALSize11mm
FlavorImprint Code AN;475
Contains    
Packaging
#Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
1NDC:65162-475-0550 in 1 BOTTLE
2NDC:65162-475-0990 in 1 BOTTLE
3NDC:65162-475-50500 in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
ANDAANDA20027507/01/2009
Labeler - Amneal Pharmaceuticals (123797875)
Registrant - Amneal Pharmaceuticals (123797875)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
Amneal Pharmaceuticals831227777ANALYSIS(65162-475), LABEL(65162-475), MANUFACTURE(65162-475), PACK(65162-475)

Revised: 11/2012
Document Id: cd236b39-3da0-4afc-8196-95e7894eca1d
Set id: 64cb920c-36e8-4d62-9d08-3ddf3989d313
Version: 8
Effective Time: 20121107
 
Amneal Pharmaceuticals