Label: CHLORZOXAZONE- chlorzoxazone tablet

  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 01/12

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  • DESCRIPTION

    Chlorzoxazone USP is a centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant, available as tablets of 500 mg for oral administration. Its chemical name is 5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone, and its structural formula is: 

    Chlorzoxazone Structural Formula

    Chlorzoxazone Structural Formula

    C7H4CINO2 MW 169.57

    Chlorzoxazone USP is a white or practically white, practically odorless, crystalline powder. Chlorzoxazone is slightly soluble in water; sparingly soluble in alcohol, in isopropyl alcohol, and in methanol; soluble in solutions of alkali hydroxides and ammonia.

    Chlorzoxazone tablets contain the inactive ingredients Docusate Sodium, Lactose (hydrous), Magnesium Stearate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Pregelatinized Starch, Sodium Benzoate, and Sodium Starch Glycolate.

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  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Chlorzoxazone is a centrally-acting agent for painful musculoskeletal conditions. Data available from animal experiments as well as human study indicate that chlorzoxazone acts primarily at the level of the spinal cord and subcortical areas of the brain where it inhibits multisynaptic reflex arcs involved in producing and maintaining skeletal muscle spasm of varied etiology. The clinical result is a reduction of the skeletal muscle spasm with relief of pain and increased mobility of the involved muscles. Blood levels of chlorzoxazone can be detected in people during the first 30 minutes and peak levels may be reached, in the majority of the subjects, in about 1 to 2 hours after oral administration of chlorzoxazone. Chlorzoxazone is rapidly metabolized and is excreted in the urine, primarily in a conjugated form as the glucuronide. Less than one percent of a dose of chlorzoxazone is excreted unchanged in the urine in 24 hours.   

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  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Chlorzoxazone is indicated as an adjunct to rest, physical therapy, and other measures for the relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. The mode of action of this drug has not been clearly identified, but may be related to its sedative properties. Chlorzoxazone does not directly relax tense skeletal muscles in man.  

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  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Chlorzoxazone is contraindicated in patients with known intolerance to the drug.   

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  • WARNINGS

    Serious (including fatal) hepatocellular toxicity has been reported rarely in patients receiving chlorzoxazone. The mechanism is unknown but appears to be idiosyncratic and unpredictable. Factors predisposing patients to this rare event are not known. Patients should be instructed to report early signs and/or symptoms of hepatotoxicity such as fever, rash, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, right upper quadrant pain, dark urine, or jaundice. Chlorzoxazone should be discontinued immediately and a physician consulted if any of these signs or symptoms develop. Chlorzoxazone use should also be discontinued if a patient develops abnormal liver enzymes (e.g., AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin.)

    The concomitant use of alcohol or other central nervous system depressants may have an additive effect.  

    Usage in Pregnancy

    The safe use of chlorzoxazone has not been established with respect to the possible adverse effects upon fetal development. Therefore, it should be used in women of childbearing potential only when, in the judgement of the physician, the potential benefits outweigh the possible risks.  

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  • PRECAUTIONS

    Chlorzoxazone should be used with caution in patients with known allergies or with a history of allergic reactions to drugs. If a sensitivity reaction occurs such as urticaria, redness, or itching of the skin, the drug should be stopped.

    If any symptoms suggestive of liver dysfunction are observed, the drug should be discontinued.  

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  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Chlorzoxazone containing products are usually well tolerated. It is possible in rare instances that chlorzoxazone may have been associated with gastrointestinal bleeding. Drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, malaise, or over-stimulation may be noted by an occasional patient. Rarely, allergic-type skin rashes, petechiae, or ecchymoses may develop during treatment. Angioneurotic edema or anaphylactic reactions are extremely rare. There is no evidence that the drug will cause renal damage. Rarely, a patient may note discoloration of the urine resulting from a phenolic metabolite of chlorzoxazone. This finding is of no known clinical significance.  

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  • OVERDOSAGE

    Symptoms

    Initially, gastrointestinal disturbances such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhea together with drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness or headache may occur. Early in the course there may be malaise or sluggishness followed by marked loss of muscle tone, making voluntary movement impossible. The deep tendon reflexes may be decreased or absent. The sensorium remains intact, and there is no peripheral loss of sensation. Respiratory depression may occur with rapid, irregular respiration and intercostal and substernal retraction. The blood pressure is lowered, but shock has not been observed.   

    Treatment

    Gastric lavage or induction of emesis should be carried out, followed by administration of activated charcoal. Thereafter, treatment is entirely supportive. If respirations are depressed, oxygen and artificial respiration should be employed and a patent airway assured by use of an oropharyngeal airway or endotracheal tube. Hypotension may be counteracted by use of dextran, plasma, concentrated albumin or a vasopressor agent such as norepinephrine. Cholinergic drugs or analeptic drugs are of no value and should not be used.      

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  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Usual Adult Dosage

    One tablet three or four times daily. If adequate response is not obtained with this dose, it may be increased to one and one-half tablets (750 mg) three or four times daily. As improvement occurs dosage can usually be reduced.      

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  • HOW SUPPLIED

    Chlorzoxazone tablets, USP are available as oblong, scored, white tablets debossed with WPI on one side and "39"-"68" on the other side and are packaged in bottles of 7, 30, 40, 60 and 90.

    Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

    Dispense contents with a child-resistant closure (as required) and in a tight container as defined in the USP/NF.

    Keep out of the reach of children.

    Manufactured By:
    Watson Pharma Private Limited
    Verna, Salcette Goa 403 722 INDIA

    Distributed By:
    Watson Pharma, Inc.
    Corona, CA 92880 USA

    Revised: November 2010                                                                           195609  


    Repackaged by:
    Rebel Distributors Corp
    Thousand Oaks, CA 91320

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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    CHLORZOXAZONE 
    chlorzoxazone tablet
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:42254-076(NDC:0591-2520)
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    CHLORZOXAZONE (CHLORZOXAZONE) CHLORZOXAZONE 500 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    DOCUSATE SODIUM  
    LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    STARCH, CORN  
    SODIUM BENZOATE  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE Score 2 pieces
    Shape OVAL (oblong) Size 17mm
    Flavor Imprint Code WPI;39;68
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:42254-076-07 7 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
    2 NDC:42254-076-90 90 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
    3 NDC:42254-076-30 30 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
    4 NDC:42254-076-40 40 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
    5 NDC:42254-076-60 60 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    ANDA ANDA089859 08/22/2011
    Labeler - Rebel Distributors Corp (118802834)
    Registrant - PSS World Medical, Inc. (101822862)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    PSS World Medical, Inc. 791528623 REPACK(42254-076)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    STAT RX USA LLC 786036330 REPACK(42254-076)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Dispensing Solutions, Inc. 066070785 RELABEL(42254-076), REPACK(42254-076)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    SCRIPT PAK 964420108 RELABEL(42254-076), REPACK(42254-076)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Keltman Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 362861077 REPACK(42254-076)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Rebel Distirbutors Corp. 118802834 RELABEL(42254-076), REPACK(42254-076)
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