Label: SEROQUEL - quetiapine fumarate tablet, extended release

  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 03/11

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  • BOXED WARNING(What is this?)

    BOXED WARNING

    WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS
    Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of seventeen placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks) largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. SEROQUEL XR is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
    SUICIDALITY AND ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS
    Antidepressants increased the risk compared to placebo of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults in short-term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering the use of SEROQUEL XR or any other antidepressant in a child, adolescent, or young adult must balance this risk with the clinical need. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults beyond age 24; there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older. Depression and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated with increases in the risk of suicide. Patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. SEROQUEL XR is not approved for use in pediatric patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

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  • SPL INDEXING DATA ELEMENTS

    HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION These highlights do not include all the information needed to use SEROQUEL XR safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for SEROQUEL XR.
    SEROQUEL XRfumarate) Extended-Release Tablets
    Initial U.S. Approval: 1997


    WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.
         Antipsychotic drugs are associated with an increased risk of death. (5.1)
         Quetiapine is not approved for elderly patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis. (5.1)
    WARNING: SUICIDALITY AND ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.
         Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents and young adults taking antidepressants for major depressive disorder and other psychiatric disorders. (5.2)
    RECENT MAJOR CHANGES
    Warnings and Precautions, Hyperglycemia (5.4), 1/2011
    Warnings and Precautions, Hyperlipidemia (5.5), 1/2011
    Warnings and Precautions, Weight Gain (5.6), 1/2011
    Warnings and Precautions, Hypothyroidism, (5.13), 1/2011
    Warnings and Precautions, Withdrawal (5.22), 05/2010


    INDICATIONS AND USAGE
    SEROQUEL XR is an atypical antipsychotic indicated for the:
    Treatment of schizophrenia (1.1)
    Adults: Efficacy was established with SEROQUEL XR in one 6-week and one maintenance trial in patients with schizophrenia as well as in three 6-week trials with SEROQUEL in patients with schizophrenia (14.1)
    Acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder, both as monotherapy and as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex (1.2)
    Adults: Efficacy was established with SEROQUEL XR in one 3-week trial in patients with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder as well as two 12-week monotherapy trials and one 3-week adjunctive trial with SEROQUEL in patients with manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder (14.2)
    Acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder (1.2)
    Adults: Efficacy was established with SEROQUEL XR in one 8-week trial in patients with bipolar I or II disorder as well as two 8-week trials with SEROQUEL in patients with bipolar I or II disorder (14.2)
    Maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex (1.2)
    Adults: Efficacy was established with SEROQUEL in two maintenance trials in patients with bipolar I disorder (14.2)
    Adjunctive treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) (1.3)
    Adults: Efficacy as an adjunct to antidepressants was established in two 6-week trials in patients with MDD who had an inadequate response to an antidepressant alone (14.3)
    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
    SEROQUEL XR Tablets should be swallowed whole and not split, chewed or crushed. SEROQUEL XR should be taken without food or with a light meal (approx. 300 calories). SEROQUEL XR should be administered once daily, preferably in the evening.
    Indication
    Dosing Instructions *
    Recommended Dose / Dose Range
    Schizophrenia-(2.1)
    Day 1: 300 mg/day
    Dose increases can be made at intervals as short as 1 day and in increments of up to 300 mg/day.
    400-800 mg/day
    Schizophrenia Maintenance (Monotherapy) (2.1)
    400 mg/day to 800 mg/day
    400-800 mg/day
    Bipolar Mania-
    Acute monotherapy or as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex (2.2)
    Day 1: 300 mg.
    Day 2: 600 mg.
    Day 3: between 400 mg and 800 mg
    400-800 mg/day
    Depressive Episodes Associated with Bipolar Disorder (2.2)
    Day 1: 50 mg
    Day 2: 100 mg
    Day 3: 200 mg
    Day 4: 300 mg
    300 mg/day
    Bipolar I Disorder-
    Maintenance Treatment as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex (2.2)
    400 mg/day to 800 mg/day
    400-800 mg/day
    Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy with Antidepressants (2.3)
    Day 1 and 2: 50 mg
    Day 3 and 4: 150 mg
         After initial dosing, adjustments can be made upwards or downwards, if necessary, within the dose range depending upon the clinical response and tolerance of the patient.
    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
    Extended-Release Tablets: 50 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg, 300 mg, and 400 mg
    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
         Suicidality and Antidepressant Drugs: Increased the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents and young adults taking antidepressants for major depressive disorder and other psychiatric disorders. (5.2)
         Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS): Manage with immediate discontinuation and close monitoring. (5.3)
         Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus (DM): Ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar coma and death have been reported in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics, including quetiapine. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. When starting treatment, patients with diabetes or risk factors for diabetes should undergo blood glucose testing before and during treatment. (5.4)
         Hyperlipidemia: Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed. Increases in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides and decreases in HDL-cholesterol have been reported in clinical trials. Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended, including fasting blood lipid testing at the beginning of, and periodically, during treatment. (5.5)
         Weight Gain: Patients should receive regular monitoring of weight. (5.6)
         Tardive Dyskinesia: Discontinue if clinically appropriate. (5.7)
         Orthostatic Hypotension: Associated dizziness, tachycardia and syncope may occur especially during the initial dose titration period. Use in caution in patients with known cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease. (5.8)
         Increased Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents: Blood pressure should be measured at the beginning of, and periodically during treatment in children and adolescents. SEROQUEL XR has not been evaluated in pediatric patients. (5.9)
         Leukopenia, Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis: have been reported with atypical antipsychotics including SEROQUEL XR. Patients with a pre-existing low white cell count (WBC) or a history of leukopenia/neutropenia should have complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of treatment and should discontinue SEROQUEL XR at the first sign of a decline in WBC in absence of other causative factors. (5.10)
         Cataracts: Lens changes have been observed in patients during long-term quetiapine treatment. Lens examination is recommended when starting treatment and at 6-month intervals during chronic treatment. (5.11)
         Suicide: The possibility of a suicide attempt is inherent in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression, and close supervision of high risk patients should accompany drug therapy. (5.20)
         See Full Prescribing Information for additional WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS.
    ADVERSE REACTIONS
    Most common adverse reactions (incidenceand twice placebo) in decreasing frequency are: somnolence, dry mouth, constipation, dizziness, increased appetite, dyspepsia, weight gain, fatigue, dysarthria, and nasal congestion. (6.1)
    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact AstraZeneca at 1-800-236-9933 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
    DRUG INTERACTIONS
         P450 3A Inhibitors: May decrease the clearance of quetiapine. Lower doses of quetiapine may be required. ( 7.1)
         Hepatic Enzyme Inducers: May increase the clearance of quetiapine. Higher doses of quetiapine may be required with phenytoin or other inducers. ( 7.1)
         Centrally Acting Drugs: Caution should be used when quetiapine is used in combination with other CNS acting drugs. ( 7)
         Antihypertensive Agents: Quetiapine may add to the hypotensive effects of these agents. ( 7)
         Levodopa and Dopamine Agents: Quetiapine may antagonize the effect of these drugs. ( 7)
         Drugs known to cause electrolyte imbalance or increase QT interval: Caution should be used when quetiapine is used concomitantly with these drugs. ( 7)
         Interference with Urine Drug Screens: False positive urine drug screens for methadone or tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) in patients taking quetiapine have been reported. ( 7)
    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
         Geriatric Use: Consider a lower starting dose (50 mg/day), slower titration, and careful monitoring during the initial dosing period in the elderly. ( 2.3and 8.5)
         Hepatic Impairment: Lower starting dose (50 mg/day) and slower titration may be needed. ( 2.3, 8.7, 12.3)
         Pregnancy: Limited human data. Based on animal data, may cause fetal harm. (8.1)
         Nursing Mothers: Caution should be exercised when administered to a nursing woman. (8.3)
         Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness have not been established. ( 8.4)


    See17for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and the FDA-approved Medication Guide

    FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS *
    WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS
    Recent Major Changes
    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE
    1.1 Schizophrenia
    1.2 Bipolar Disorder
    1.3 Adjunctive Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
    2.1 Schizophrenia
    2.2 Bipolar Disorder
    2.3 Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy with Antidepressants
    2.4 Dosing in Special Populations
    2.5 Re-initiation of Treatment in Patients Previously Discontinued
    2.6 Switching Patients from SEROQUEL Tablets to SEROQUEL XR Tablets
    2.7 Switching from Antipsychotics
    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS
    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
    5.1 Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis
    5.2 Clinical Worsening and Suicide Risk
    5.3 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
    5.4 Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus
    5.5 Hyperlipidemia
    5.6 Weight Gain
    5.7 Tardive Dyskinesia
    5.8 Orthostatic Hypotension
    5.9 Increases in Blood Pressure (Children and Adolescents)
    5.10 Leukopenia, Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis
    5.11 Cataracts
    5.12 Seizures
    5.13 Hypothyroidism
    5.14 Hyperprolactinemia
    5.15 Transaminase Elevations
    5.16 Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment
    5.17 Priapism
    5.18 Body Temperature Regulation
    5.19 Dysphagia
    5.20 Suicide
    5.21 Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness
    5.22 Withdrawal
    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS
    6.1 Clinical Studies Experience
    6.2 Vital Signs and Laboratory Values
    6.3 Post Marketing Experience
    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS
    7.1 The Effect of Other Drugs on Quetiapine
    7.2 Effect of Quetiapine on Other Drugs
    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
    8.1 Pregnancy
    8.2 Labor and Delivery
    8.3 Nursing Mothers
    8.4 Pediatric Use
    8.5 Geriatric Use
    8.6 Renal Impairment
    8.7 Hepatic Impairment
    9 DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE
    9.1 Controlled Substance
    9.2 Abuse
    10 OVERDOSAGE
    10.1 Human Experience
    10.2 Management of Overdosage
    11 DESCRIPTION
    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
    12.1 Mechanism of Action
    12.2 Pharmacodynamics
    12.3 Pharmacokinetics
    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY
    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
    13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology
    14 CLINICAL STUDIES
    14.1 Schizophrenia
    14.2 Bipolar Disorder
    14.3 Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy to Antidepressants
    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
    17.1 Information for Patients
    17.2 MEDICATION GUIDE
    PACKAGE LABEL PRINCIPAL
    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed


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  • INDICATIONS & USAGE

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Schizophrenia
    SEROQUEL XR is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR in schizophrenia was established in one 6- week and one maintenance trial in adults with schizophrenia as well by extrapolation from three 6-week trials in adults with schizophrenia treated with SEROQUEL [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    1.2 Bipolar Disorder
    SEROQUEL XR is indicated for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder, both as monotherapy and as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex. The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR in manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder was established in one 3-week trial in adults with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder as well by extrapolation from two 12-week monotherapy and one 3-week adjunctive trial in adults with manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder treated with SEROQUEL [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].
    SEROQUEL XR is indicated for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder. The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR was established in one 8-week trial in adults with bipolar I or II disorder as well as extrapolation from two 8-week trials in adults with bipolar I or II disorder treated with SEROQUEL [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].
    SEROQUEL XR is indicated for the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder, as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex. Efficacy was extrapolated from two maintenance trials in adults with bipolar I disorder treated with SEROQUEL. The effectiveness of monotherapy for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder has not been systematically evaluated in controlled clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    1.3 Adjunctive Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
    SEROQUEL XR is indicated for use as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants for the treatment of MDD. The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants in MDD was established in two 6-week trials in adults with MDD who had an inadequate response to antidepressant treatment [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

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  • DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION

    SEROQUEL XR tablets should be swallowed whole and not split, chewed or crushed.
    It is recommended that SEROQUEL XR be taken without food or with a light meal (approximately 300 calories) [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3)].

    2.1 Schizophrenia
    Dose SelectionSEROQUEL XR should be administered once daily, preferably in the evening. The recommended initial dose is 300 mg/day. Patients should be titrated within a dose range of 400 mg/day800 mg/day depending on the response and tolerance of the individual patient [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Dose increases can be made at intervals as short as 1 day and in increments of up to 300 mg/day. The safety of doses above 800 mg/day has not been evaluated in clinical trials.
    Maintenance TreatmentA maintenance trial in adult patients with schizophrenia treated with SEROQUEL XR has shown this drug to be effective in delaying time to relapse in patients who were stabilized on SEROQUEL XR at doses of 400 mg/day to 800 mg/day for 16 weeks. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment and the appropriate dose for such treatment [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    2.2 Bipolar Disorder
    Bipolar Mania
    Usual Dose for Acute Monotherapy or Adjunct Therapy (with lithium or divalproex)
    Dose SelectionWhen used as monotherapy or adjunct therapy (with lithium or divalproex), SEROQUEL XR should be administered once daily in the evening starting with 300 mg on Day 1 and 600 mg on Day 2. SEROQUEL XR can be adjusted between 400 mg and 800 mg beginning on Day 3 depending on the response and tolerance of the individual patient.
    Recommended Dosing Schedule
    DayDay 1Day 2Day 3SEROQUEL XR300 mg600 mg400 mg to 800 mgDepressive Episodes Associated with Bipolar Disorder
    Usual DoseSEROQUEL XR should be administered once daily in the evening to reach 300 mg/day by Day 4.
    Recommended Dosing Schedule
    DayDay 1Day 2Day 3Day 4SEROQUEL XR50 mg100 mg200 mg300 mgMaintenance Treatment for Bipolar I Disorder
    Maintenance TreatmentMaintenance of efficacy in bipolar I disorder was demonstrated with SEROQUEL (administered twice daily totaling 400 mg/day to 800 mg/day) as adjunct therapy to lithium or divalproex. Generally, in the maintenance phase, patients continued on the same dose on which they were stabilized during the stabilization phase. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment and the appropriate dose for such treatment [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    2.3 Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy with Antidepressants
    Dose SelectionSEROQUEL XR in a dose range of 150 mg/day to 300 mg/day was demonstrated to be effective as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants. Begin with 50 mg once daily in the evening. On Day 3, the dose can be increased to 150 mg once daily in the evening. There were dose-dependent increases in adverse reactions in the recommended dose range of 150 mg/day to 300 mg/day. Doses above 300 mg/day were not studied [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

    2.4 Dosing in Special Populations
    Consideration should be given to a slower rate of dose titration and a lower target dose in the elderly and in patients who are debilitated or who have a predisposition to hypotensive reactions [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5, 8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12)]. When indicated, dose escalation should be performed with caution in these patients.
    Elderly patients should be started on SEROQUEL XR 50 mg/day and the dose can be increased in increments of 50 mg/day depending on the response and tolerance of the individual patient.
    Patients with hepatic impairment should be started on SEROQUEL XR 50 mg/day. The dose can be increased daily in increments of 50 mg/day to an effective dose, depending on the clinical response and tolerance of the patient.
    The elimination of quetiapine was enhanced in the presence of phenytoin. Higher maintenance doses of quetiapine may be required when it is coadministered with phenytoin and other enzyme inducers such as carbamazepine and phenobarbital [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

    2.5 Re-initiation of Treatment in Patients Previously Discontinued
    Although there are no data to specifically address reinitiation of treatment, it is recommended that when restarting therapy of patients who have been off SEROQUEL XR for more than one week, the initial dosing schedule should be followed. When restarting patients who have been off SEROQUEL XR for less than one week, gradual dose escalation may not be required and the maintenance dose may be reinitiated.

    2.6 Switching Patients from SEROQUEL Tablets to SEROQUEL XR Tablets
    Patients who are currently being treated with SEROQUEL (immediate release formulation) may be switched to SEROQUEL XR at the equivalent total daily dose taken once daily. Individual dosage adjustments may be necessary.

    2.7 Switching from Antipsychotics
    There are no systematically collected data to specifically address switching patients from other antipsychotics to SEROQUEL XR, or concerning concomitant administration with other antipsychotics. While immediate discontinuation of the previous antipsychotic treatment may be acceptable for some patients, more gradual discontinuation may be most appropriate for others. In all cases, the period of overlapping antipsychotic administration should be minimized. When switching patients from depot antipsychotics, if medically appropriate, initiate SEROQUEL XR therapy in place of the next scheduled injection. The need for continuing existing extrapyramidal syndrome medication should be re-evaluated periodically.

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  • DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
    50 mg extended-release tablets
    150 mg extended-release tablets
    200 mg extended-release tablets
    300 mg extended-release tablets
    400 mg extended-release tablets

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  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS
    None

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  • WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis
    Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. SEROQUEL XR (quetiapine fumarate) is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning].

    5.2 Clinical Worsening and Suicide Risk

    The pooled analyses of placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents with MDD, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), or other psychiatric disorders included a total of 24 short-term trials of 9 antidepressant drugs in over 4400 patients. The pooled analyses of placebo-controlled trials in adults with MDD or other psychiatric disorders included a total of 295 short-term trials (median duration of 2 months) of 11 antidepressant drugs in over 77,000 patients. There was considerable variation in risk of suicidality among drugs, but a tendency toward an increase in the younger patients for almost all drugs studied. There were differences in absolute risk of suicidality across the different indications, with the highest incidence in MDD. The risk differences (drug vs. placebo), however, were relatively stable within age strata and across indications. These risk differences (drug-placebo difference in the number of cases of suicidality per 1000 patients treated) are provided in Table 1.
    Table 1:
    AgeDrug-Placebo Difference in Number of Cases of SuicidalityRangeper 1000 Patients Treated Increases Compared to Placebo<1814 additional cases18245 additional cases Decreases Compared to Placebo25641 fewer case6 fewer casesNo suicides occurred in any of the pediatric trials. There were suicides in the adult trials, but the number was not sufficient to reach any conclusion about drug effect on suicide.
    It is unknown whether the suicidality risk extends to longer-term use, i.e., beyond several months. However, there is substantial evidence from placebo-controlled maintenance trials in adults with depression that the use of antidepressants can delay the recurrence of depression.
    All patients being treated with antidepressants for any indication should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, and unusual changes in behavior, especially during the initial few months of a course of drug therapy, or at times of dose changes, either increases or decreases.
    The following symptoms, anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania, and mania, have been reported in adult and pediatric patients being treated with antidepressants for major depressive disorder as well as for other indications, both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric. Although a causal link between the emergence of such symptoms and either the worsening of depression and/or the emergence of suicidal impulses has not been established, there is concern that such symptoms may represent precursors to emerging suicidality.
    Consideration should be given to changing the therapeutic regimen, including possibly discontinuing the medication, in patients whose depression is persistently worse, or who are experiencing emergent suicidality or symptoms that might be precursors to worsening depression or suicidality, especially if these symptoms are severe, abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient's presenting symptoms.
    Families and caregivers of patients being treated with antidepressants for major depressive disorder or other indications, both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric, should be alerted about the need to monitor patients for the emergence of agitation, irritability, unusual changes in behavior, and the other symptoms described above, as well as the emergence of suicidality, and to report such symptoms immediately to healthcare providers. Such monitoring should include daily observation by families and caregivers. Prescriptions for SEROQUEL XR should be written for the smallest quantity of tablets consistent with good patient management, in order to reduce the risk of overdose.
    Screening Patients for Bipolar Disorder: A major depressive episode may be the initial presentation of bipolar disorder. It is generally believed (though not established in controlled trials) that treating such an episode with an antidepressant alone may increase the likelihood of precipitation of a mixed/manic episode in patients at risk for bipolar disorder. Whether any of the symptoms described above represent such a conversion is unknown. However, prior to initiating treatment with an antidepressant, patients with depressive symptoms should be adequately screened to determine if they are at risk for bipolar disorder; such screening should include a detailed psychiatric history, including a family history of suicide, bipolar disorder, and depression.

    5.3 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
    A potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including quetiapine. Rare cases of NMS have been reported with quetiapine. Clinical manifestations of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac dysrhythmia). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis) and acute renal failure.
    The diagnostic evaluation of patients with this syndrome is complicated. In arriving at a diagnosis, it is important to exclude cases where the clinical presentation includes both serious medical illness (eg, pneumonia, systemic infection, etc.) and untreated or inadequately treated extrapyramidal signs and symptoms (EPS). Other important considerations in the differential diagnosis include central anticholinergic toxicity, heat stroke, drug fever and primary central nervous system (CNS) pathology.
    The management of NMS should include: 1) immediate discontinuation of antipsychotic drugs and other drugs not essential to concurrent therapy; 2) intensive symptomatic treatment and medical monitoring; and 3) treatment of any concomitant serious medical problems for which specific treatments are available. There is no general agreement about specific pharmacological treatment regimens for NMS.
    If a patient requires antipsychotic drug treatment after recovery from NMS, the potential reintroduction of drug therapy should be carefully considered. The patient should be carefully monitored since recurrences of NMS have been reported.

    5.4 Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus
    Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics, including quetiapine. Assessment of the relationship between atypical antipsychotic use and glucose abnormalities is complicated by the possibility of an increased background risk of diabetes mellitus in patients with schizophrenia and the increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus in the general population. Given these confounders, the relationship between atypical antipsychotic use and hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions is not completely understood. However, epidemiological studies suggest an increased risk of treatment-emergent hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions in patients treated with the atypical antipsychotics. Precise risk estimates for hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics are not available.
    Patients with an established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus who are started on atypical antipsychotics should be monitored regularly for worsening of glucose control. Patients with risk factors for diabetes mellitus (eg, obesity, family history of diabetes) who are starting treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment and periodically during treatment. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia during treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when the atypical antipsychotic was discontinued; however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the suspect drug.
    In some patients, a worsening of more than one of the metabolic parameters of weight, blood glucose and lipids was observed in clinical studies. Changes in these parameters should be managed as clinically appropriate.
    Adults:
    Table 2: Fasting GlucoseProportion of Patients Shifting to126 mg/dL in short-term (12 weeks) Placebo-Controlled Studies
    LaboratoryCategory Change (At Least Once) fromTreatmentNPatientsAnalyteBaselineArmn (%)Fasting GlucoseNormal to HighQuetiapine290771 (2.4%)(<100 mg/dL to126 mg/dL)Placebo134619 (1.4%)Borderline to HighQuetiapine57267 (11.7%)(100 mg/dL and <126 mg/dL to126 mg/dL)Placebo27933 (11.8%)In a 24-week trial (active-controlled, 115 patients treated with SEROQUEL) designed to evaluate glycemic status with oral glucose tolerance testing of all patients, at week 24 the incidence of a treatment-emergent post-glucose challenge glucose level200 mg/dL was 1.7% and the incidence of a fasting treatment-emergent blood glucose level126 mg/dL was 2.6%. The mean change in fasting glucose from baseline was 3.2 mg/dL and mean change in 2 hour glucose from baseline was -1.8 mg/dL for quetiapine.
    In 2 long-term placebo-controlled randomized withdrawal clinical trials for bipolar maintenance, mean exposure of 213 days for SEROQUEL (646 patients) and 152 days for placebo (680 patients), the mean change in glucose from baseline was +5.0 mg/dL for quetiapine and0.05 mg/dL for placebo. The exposure-adjusted rate of any increased blood glucose level (
    Table 3 shows the percentage of patients with shifts in blood glucose to126 mg/dL from normal baseline in MDD adjunct therapy trials by dose.
    Table 3: Percentage of Patients with Shifts from Normal Baseline in Blood Glucose to126 mg/dL (assumed fasting) in MDD Adjunct Therapy Trials by Dose
    Laboratory AnalyteTreatment ArmNPatients n (%)Blood Glucose126 mg/dLPlacebo27717 (6%)SEROQUEL XR 150 mg28019 (7%)SEROQUEL XR 300 mg26932 (12%)Children and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In a placebo-controlled SEROQUEL monotherapy study of adolescent patients (1317 years of age) with schizophrenia (6 weeks duration), the mean change in fasting glucose levels for SEROQUEL (n=138) compared to placebo (n=67) was0.75 mg/dL versus1.70 mg/dL. In a placebo-controlled SEROQUEL monotherapy study of children and adolescent patients (1017 years of age) with bipolar mania (3 weeks duration), the mean change in fasting glucose level for SEROQUEL (n=170) compared to placebo (n=81) was 3.62 mg/dL versus1.17 mg/dL. No patient in either study with a baseline normal fasting glucose level (<100 mg/dL) or a baseline borderline fasting glucose level (mg/dL and <126 mg/dL) had a treatment-emergent blood glucose level ofmg/dL.

    5.5 Hyperlipidemia
    Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed with quetiapine use. Clinical monitoring, including baseline and periodic follow-up lipid evaluations in patients using quetiapine is recommended.
    In some patients, a worsening of more than one of the metabolic parameters of weight, blood glucose and lipids was observed in clinical studies. Changes in these parameters should be managed as clinically appropriate.
    Adults:
    Table 4 shows the percentage of patients with changes in cholesterol and triglycerides from baseline by indication in clinical trials with SEROQUEL XR .
    Table 4: Percentage of Adult Patients with Shifts in Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol from Baseline to Clinically Significant Levels by Indication
    Laboratory AnalyteIndicationTreatmentNPatientsArmn (%)Total CholesterolSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL71867 (9%)mg/dLXRPlacebo23221 (9%)Bipolar Depression SEROQUEL856 (7%)XRPlacebo1063 (3%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL1289 (7%)XRPlacebo1345 (4%)Major Depressive DisorderSEROQUEL42067 (16%)(Adjunct Therapy) XRPlacebo21315 (7%)Triglyceridesmg/dLSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL659118(18%)XRPlacebo21411 (5%)Bipolar Depression SEROQUEL847 (8%)XRPlacebo937 (8%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL10215 (15%)XRPlacebo1258 (6%)Major Depressive DisorderSEROQUEL45875 (16%)(Adjunct Therapy) XRPlacebo22318 (8%)LDL-CholesterolSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL69147 (7%)160 mg/dLXRPlacebo22717 (8%)Bipolar Depression SEROQUEL863 (4%)XRPlacebo1042 (2%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL1255 (4%)XRPlacebo1352 (2%)Major Depressive DisorderSEROQUEL45751 (11%)(Adjunct Therapy) XRPlacebo21921 (10%)HDL-CholesterolSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL60087 (15%)40 mg/dLXRPlacebo19523 (12%)Bipolar Depression SEROQUEL787 (9%)XRPlacebo836 (7%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL10019 (19%)XRPlacebo11515 (13%)Major Depressive DisorderSEROQUEL47034 (7%)(Adjunct Therapy) XRPlacebo23019 (8%) *6 weeks duration
    8 weeks duration
    3 weeks duration
    6 weeks duration

    In SEROQUEL clinical trials for schizophrenia, the percentage of patients with shifts in cholesterol and triglycerides from baseline to clinically significant levels were 18% (placebo: 7%) and 22% (placebo: 16%). HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol parameters were not measured in these studies. In SEROQUEL clinical trials for bipolar depression, the following percentage of patients had shifts from baseline to clinically significant levels for the four lipid parameters measured: total cholesterol 9% (placebo: 6%); triglycerides 14% (placebo: 9%); LDL-cholesterol 6% (placebo: 5%) and HDL-cholesterol 14% (placebo: 14%). Lipid parameters were not measured in the bipolar mania studies.
    Table 5 shows the percentage of patients in MDD adjunctive therapy trials with clinically significant shifts in total-cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol from baseline by dose.
    Table 5: Percentage of Patients with Shifts in Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol from Baseline to Clinically Significant Levels in MDD Adjunctive Therapy Trials by Dose
    Laboratory AnalyteTreatment Arm*NPatients n (%)* 6 weeks durationCholesterol240 mg/dLPlacebo21315 (7%)SEROQUEL XR 150 mg22341 (18%)SEROQUEL XR 300 mg19726 (13%)Triglycerides200 mg/dLPlacebo22318 (8%)SEROQUEL XR 150 mg23236 (16%)SEROQUEL XR 300 mg22639 (17%)LDL-Cholesterol160 mg/dLPlacebo21921 (10%)SEROQUEL XR 150 mg24229 (12%)SEROQUEL XR 300 mg21522 (10%)HDL-Cholesterol40 mg/dLPlacebo23019 (8%)SEROQUEL XR 150 mg23814 (6%)SEROQUEL XR 300 mg23220 (9%)Children and Adolescents:
    Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients, and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years.
    Table 6 shows the percentage of children and adolescents with shifts in total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol from baseline to clinically significant levels by indication in clinical trials with SEROQUEL.
    Table 6: Percentage of Children and Adolescents with Shifts in Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol from Baseline to Clinically Significant Levels by Indication
    Laboratory AnalyteIndicationTreatment ArmNPatientsn (%)* 13- 17 years, 6 weeks duration 10-17 years, 3 weeks durationTotal Cholesterol200 mg/dLSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL10713 (12%)Placebo561 (2%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL15916 (10%)Placebo662 (3%)Triglyceridesmg/dLSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL10317 (17%)Placebo514 (8%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL14932 (22%)Placebo608 (13%)LDL-Cholesterol130 mg/dLSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL1124 (4%)Placebo601 (2%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL16913 (8%)Placebo744 (5%)HDL-Cholesterol40 mg/dLSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL10416 (15%)Placebo5410 (19%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL15416 (10%)Placebo614 (7%)
    5.6 Weight Gain
    Increases in weight have been observed in clinical trials. Patients receiving quetiapine should receive regular monitoring of weight [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
    In some patients, a worsening of more than one of the metabolic parameters of weight, blood glucose and lipids was observed in clinical studies. Changes in these parameters should be managed as clinically appropriate.
    Adults: Table 7 shows the percentage of adult patients with weight gain of7% of body weight by indication.
    Table 7: Percentage of Patients with Weight Gain7% of Body Weight (Adults) by Indication
    Vital signIndicationTreatmentNPatientsArmn (%)Weight Gain7% ofSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL90790 (10%)XR Body WeightPlacebo29916 (5%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL1387 (5%)XRPlacebo1500 (0%)Bipolar Depression SEROQUEL1109 (8%)XRPlacebo1251 (1%)Major Depressive DisorderSEROQUEL61632 (5%)(Adjunctive Therapy) XRPlacebo3025 (2%) *: 6 weeks duration
    3 weeks duration
    8 weeks duration
    6 weeks duration

    In schizophrenia trials, the proportions of patients meeting a weight gain criterion of7% of body weight were compared in a pool of four 3- to 6-week placebo-controlled clinical trials, revealing a statistically significant greater incidence of weight gain for SEROQUEL (23%) compared to placebo (6%).
    Table 8 shows the percentage of adult patients with weight gain of7% of body weight for MDD by dose.
    Table 8: Percentage of Patients with Weight Gain7% of Body Weight in MDD Adjunctive Therapy Trials by Dose (Adults)
    Vital signTreatment ArmNPatientsn (%)Weight GainofPlacebo3025 (2%) Body Weight in MDDSEROQUEL XR30910 (3%) Adjunctive Therapy150mgSEROQUEL XR30722 (7%)300mgChildren and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In two clinical trials with SEROQUEL, one in bipolar mania and one in schizophrenia, reported increases in weight are included in table 9 below.
    Table 9 shows the percentage of patients with weight gain7% of body weight in clinical trials with SEROQUEL.
    Table 9: Percentage of Patients with Weight Gain7% of Body Weight (Children and Adolescents)
    Vital SignIndicationTreatment ArmNPatientsn (%)* 6 weeks duration 3 weeks durationWeight gain7% of Body WeightSchizophrenia *SEROQUEL11123 (21%)Placebo443 (7%)Bipolar Mania SEROQUEL15718 (12%)Placebo680 (0%)The mean change in body weight in the schizophrenia trial was 2.0 kg in the SEROQUEL group and -0.4 kg in the placebo group and in the bipolar mania trial it was 1.7 kg in the SEROQUEL group and 0.4 kg in the placebo group.
    In an open-label study that enrolled patients from the above two pediatric trials, 63% of patients (241/380) completed 26 weeks of therapy with SEROQUEL. After 26 weeks of treatment, the mean increase in body weight was 4.4 kg. Forty-five percent of the patients gained
    When treating pediatric patients with SEROQUEL for any indication, weight gain should be assessed against that expected for normal growth.

    5.7 Tardive Dyskinesia
    A syndrome of potentially irreversible, involuntary, dyskinetic movements may develop in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs including quetiapine. Although the prevalence of the syndrome appears to be highest among the elderly, especially elderly women, it is impossible to rely upon prevalence estimates to predict, at the inception of antipsychotic treatment, which patients are likely to develop the syndrome. Whether antipsychotic drug products differ in their potential to cause tardive dyskinesia is unknown.
    The risk of developing tardive dyskinesia and the likelihood that it will become irreversible are believed to increase as the duration of treatment and the total cumulative dose of antipsychotic drugs administered to the patient increase. However, the syndrome can develop, although much less commonly, after relatively brief treatment periods at low doses or may even arise after discontinuation of treatment.
    There is no known treatment for established cases of tardive dyskinesia, although the syndrome may remit, partially or completely, if antipsychotic treatment is withdrawn. Antipsychotic treatment, itself, however, may suppress (or partially suppress) the signs and symptoms of the syndrome and thereby may possibly mask the underlying process. The effect that symptomatic suppression has upon the long-term course of the syndrome is unknown.
    Given these considerations, SEROQUEL XR should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients who appear to suffer from a chronic illness that (1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and (2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically.
    If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear in a patient on SEROQUEL XR, drug discontinuation should be considered. However, some patients may require treatment with quetiapine despite the presence of the syndrome.

    5.8 Orthostatic Hypotension
    Quetiapine may induce orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia and, in some patients, syncope, especially during the initial dose-titration period, probably reflecting itsantagonist properties. Syncope was reported in 0.3% (5/1866) of the patients treated with SEROQUEL XR across all indications, compared with 0.2% (2/928) on placebo. Syncope was reported in 1% (28/3265) of the patients treated with SEROQUEL, compared with 0.2% (2/954) on placebo. Orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, and syncope may lead to falls.
    Quetiapine should be used with particular caution in patients with known cardiovascular disease (history of myocardial infarction or ischemic heart disease, heart failure or conduction abnormalities), cerebrovascular disease or conditions which would predispose patients to hypotension (dehydration, hypovolemia and treatment with antihypertensive medications) [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. If hypotension occurs during titration to the target dose, a return to the previous dose in the titration schedule is appropriate.

    5.9 Increases in Blood Pressure (Children and Adolescents)
    Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents with schizophrenia (6-week duration) or bipolar mania (3- week duration), the incidence of increases at any time in systolic blood pressure (10 mmHg) was 40.6% (136/335) for SEROQUEL and 24.5% (40/163) for placebo. In the 26-week open-label clinical trial, one child with a reported history of hypertension experienced a hypertensive crisis. Blood pressure in children and adolescents should be measured at the beginning of, and periodically during treatment.

    5.10 Leukopenia, Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis
    In clinical trial and postmarketing experience, events of leukopenia/neutropenia have been reported temporally related to atypical antipsychotic agents, including quetiapine fumarate. Agranulocytosis (including fatal cases) has also been reported.
    Possible risk factors for leukopenia/neutropenia include pre-existing low white cell count (WBC) and history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and should discontinue SEROQUEL XR at the first sign of a decline in WBC in absence of other causative factors.
    Patients with neutropenia should be carefully monitored for fever or other symptoms or signs of infection and treated promptly if such symptoms or signs occur. Patients with severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count <1000/mm3) should discontinue SEROQUEL XR and have their WBC followed until recovery [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

    5.11 Cataracts
    The development of cataracts was observed in association with quetiapine treatment in chronic dog studies [see Animal Toxicology (13.2)]. Lens changes have also been observed in adults, children, and adolescents during long-term quetiapine treatment, but a causal relationship to quetiapine use has not been established. Nevertheless, the possibility of lenticular changes cannot be excluded at this time. Therefore, examination of the lens by methods adequate to detect cataract formation, such as slit lamp exam or other appropriately sensitive methods, is recommended at initiation of treatment or shortly thereafter, and at 6-month intervals during chronic treatment.

    5.12 Seizures
    During short-term clinical trials with SEROQUEL XR, seizures occurred in 0.05% (1/1866) of patients treated with SEROQUEL XR across all indications compared to 0.3% (3/928) on placebo. During clinical trials with SEROQUEL, seizures occurred in 0.5% (20/3490) of patients treated with SEROQUEL compared to 0.2% (2/954) on placebo. As with other antipsychotics, quetiapine fumarate should be used cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure threshold, e.g., Alzheimer's dementia. Conditions that lower the seizure threshold may be more prevalent in a population of 65 years or older.

    5.13 Hypothyroidism

    In all quetiapine trials, the incidence of potentially clinically significant shifts in thyroid hormones and TSH were*: decrease in free T4, 2.0% (357/17513); decrease in total T4, 4.0% (75/1861); decrease in free T3, 0.4% (53/13766); decrease in total T3, 2.0% (26/1312), and increase in TSH, 4.9% (956/19412). In eight patients, where TBG was measured, levels of TBG were unchanged.
    Table 10 shows the incidence of these shifts in short-term placebo-controlled clinical trials.
    Table 10: Incidence of potentially clinically significant shifts in thyroid hormone levels and TSH in short term placebo-controlled clinical trials *
    Total T4Free T4Total T3Free T3TSHQuetiapinePlaceboQuetiapinePlaceboQuetiapinePlaceboQuetiapinePlaceboQuetiapinePlacebo3.4 %0.6%0.7%0.1%0.5%0.0%0.2%0.0%3.2%2.7%(37/1097)(4/651)(52/7218)(4/3668)(2/369)(0/113)(11/5673)(1/2679)(240/7587)(105/3912) *Based on shifts from normal baseline to potentially clinically important value at anytime post-baseline. Shifts in total T4, free T4, total T3 and free T3 are defined as <0.8 x LLN (pmol/L) and shift in TSH is > 5 mIU/L at any time.

    In short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trials, the incidence of reciprocal, potentially clinically significant shifts in T3 and TSH was 0.0 % for both quetiapine (1/4800) and placebo (0/2190) and for T4 and TSH the shifts were 0.1% (7/6154) for quetiapine versus 0.0 % (1/3007) for placebo.
    Generally, these changes in thyroid hormone levels were of no clinical significance.
    Children and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In acute placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration) or bipolar mania (3-week duration), the incidence of shifts to potentially clinically important thyroid function values at any time for SEROQUEL treated patients and placebo-treated patients for elevated TSH was 2.9% (8/280) vs. 0.7% (1/138), respectively and for decreased total thyroxine was 2.8% (8/289) vs. 0% (0/145), respectively. Of the SEROQUEL treated patients with elevated TSH levels, 1 had simultaneous low free T4 level at end of treatment.

    5.14 Hyperprolactinemia
    Adults: During clinical trials with quetiapine across all indications, the incidence of shifts in prolactin levels to a clinically significant value occurred in 3.6% (158/4416) of patients treated with quetiapine compared to 2.6% (51/1968) on placebo.
    Children and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In acute placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescent patients with bipolar mania (3-week duration) or schizophrenia (6-week duration), the incidence of shifts in prolactin levels to a clinically significant value (>20females at any time) was 13.4% (18/134) for SEROQUEL compared to 4% (3/75) for placebo in males and 8.7% (9/104) for SEROQUEL compared to 0% (0/39) for placebo in females.
    Like other drugs that antagonize dopamine D2 receptors, SEROQUEL XR elevates prolactin levels in some patients and the elevation may persist during chronic administration. Hyperprolactinemia, regardless of etiology, may suppress hypothalamic GnRH, resulting in reduced pituitary gonadotrophin secretion. This, in turn, may inhibit reproductive function by impairing gonadal steroidogenesis in both female and male patients. Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported in patients receiving prolactin-elevating compounds. Long-standing hyperprolactinemia when associated with hypogonadism may lead to decreased bone density in both female and male subjects.
    Tissue culture experiments indicate that approximately one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin dependent in vitro, a factor of potential importance if the prescription of these drugs is considered in a patient with previously detected breast cancer. As is common with compounds which increase prolactin release, mammary gland, and pancreatic islet cell neoplasia (mammary adenocarcinomas, pituitary and pancreatic adenomas) was observed in carcinogenicity studies conducted in mice and rats. Neither clinical studies nor epidemiologic studies conducted to date have shown an association between chronic administration of this class of drugs and tumorigenesis in humans, but the available evidence is too limited to be conclusive [see Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility (13.1)].

    5.15 Transaminase Elevations
    Asymptomatic, transient and reversible elevations in serum transaminases (primarily ALT) have been reported. The proportions of patients with transaminase elevations of >3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in a pool of placebo-controlled trials ranged between 1% and 2% for SEROQUEL XR compared to 2% for placebo. In schizophrenia trials in adults, the proportions of patients with transaminase elevations of >3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in a pool of 3- to 6-week placebo-controlled trials were approximately 6% (29/483) for SEROQUEL compared to 1% (3/194) for placebo. These hepatic enzyme elevations usually occurred within the first 3 weeks of drug treatment and promptly returned to pre-study levels with ongoing treatment with quetiapine.

    5.16 Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment
    Somnolence was a commonly reported adverse event reported in patients treated with quetiapine especially during the 3-day period of initial dose titration. In schizophrenia trials, somnolence was reported in 24.7% (235/951) of patients on SEROQUEL XR compared to 10.3% (33/319) of placebo patients. In a bipolar depression clinical trial, somnolence was reported in 51.8% (71/137) of patients on SEROQUEL XR compared to 12.9% (18/140) of placebo patients. In a clinical trial for bipolar mania, somnolence was reported in 50.3% (76/151) of patients on SEROQUEL XR compared to 11.9% (19/160) of placebo patients. Since quetiapine has the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, patients should be cautioned about performing activities requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle (including automobiles) or operating hazardous machinery until they are reasonably certain that quetiapine therapy does not affect them adversely. Somnolence may lead to falls.
    In short-term adjunctive therapy trials for MDD, somnolence was reported in 40% (252/627) of patients on SEROQUEL XR respectively compared to 9% (27/309) of placebo patients. Somnolence was dose-related in these trials (37% (117/315) and 43% (135/312) for the 150 mg and 300 mg groups, respectively).

    5.17 Priapism
    One case of priapism in a patient receiving quetiapine was reported prior to market introduction. While a causal relationship to use of quetiapine has not been established, other drugs withblocking effects have been reported to induce priapism, and it is possible that quetiapine may share this capacity. Severe priapism may require surgical intervention.

    5.18 Body Temperature Regulation
    Disruption of the body's ability to reduce core body temperature has been attributed to antipsychotic agents. Appropriate care is advised when prescribing SEROQUEL XR for patients who will be experiencing conditions which may contribute to an elevation in core body temperature, eg, exercising strenuously, exposure to extreme heat, receiving concomitant medication with anticholinergic activity, or being subject to dehydration.

    5.19 Dysphagia
    Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with antipsychotic drug use. Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients, in particular those with advanced Alzheimer's dementia. SEROQUEL XR and other antipsychotic drugs should be used cautiously in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia.

    5.20 Suicide

    In three, 6-week clinical studies in patients with schizophrenia (N=951) the incidence of treatment emergent suicidal ideation or suicide attempt was 0.6% (n=6) in SEROQUEL XR treated patients and 0.9% (n=3) in placebo-treated patients.
    In an 8-week clinical study in patients with bipolar depression (N=137 for SEROQUEL XR and 140 for placebo) the incidence of treatment emergent suicidal ideation or suicide attempt was 0.7% (n=1) for SEROQUEL XR treated patients and 1.4% (n=2) for placebo.
    In a 3-week clinical study in patients with bipolar mania (N=311, 151 for SEROQUEL XR and 160 for placebo) the incidence of treatment emergent suicidal ideation or suicide attempt was 1.3% (n=2) for SEROQUEL XR compared to 3.8% (n=6) for placebo.
    In two, 6-week MDD adjunctive therapy trials (n=936, 627 on SEROQUEL XR and 309 on placebo) the incidence of treatment emergent suicidal ideation or suicide attempt was 0.5% (n=3) in SEROQUEL XR treated patients and 0.6% (n=2) in placebo.

    5.21 Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness
    Clinical experience with SEROQUEL XR in patients with certain concomitant systemic illnesses [see Pharmacokinetics (12.3)] is limited.
    SEROQUEL XR has not been evaluated or used to any appreciable extent in patients with a recent history of myocardial infarction or unstable heart disease. Patients with these diagnoses were excluded from premarketing clinical studies. Because of the risk of orthostatic hypotension with SEROQUEL XR, caution should be observed in cardiac patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].
    In clinical trials quetiapine was not associated with a persistent increase in absolute QT intervals. However, in post marketing experience there were cases reported of QT prolongation in patients who overdosed on quetiapine [see Overdosage (10.1], in patients with concomitant illness, and in patients taking medicines known to cause electrolyte imbalance or increase QT interval [see Drug Interactions (7)]. Caution should be exercised when quetiapine is prescribed in patients with cardiovascular disease or family history of QT prolongation. Also, caution should be exercised when quetiapine is prescribed with medicines known to cause electrolyte imbalance or increase QT interval or with concomitant neuroleptics, especially for patients with increased risk of QT prolongation, i.e., the elderly, patients with congenital long QT syndrome, congestive heart failure, heart hypertrophy, hypokalemia, or hypomagnesemia.

    5.22 Withdrawal
    Acute withdrawal symptoms, such as insomnia, nausea and vomiting have been described after abrupt cessation of atypical antipsychotic drugs, including quetiapine fumarate. In short-term placebo-controlled, monotherapy clinical trials with SEROQUEL XR that included a discontinuation phase which evaluated discontinuation symptoms, the aggregated incidence of patients experiencing one or more discontinuation symptoms after abrupt cessation was 12.1% (241/1993) for SEROQUEL XR and 6.7% (71/1065) for placebo. The incidence of the individual adverse events (i.e., insomnia, nausea, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness and irritability) did not exceed 5.3% in any treatment group and usually resolved after 1 week post-discontinuation. Gradual withdrawal is advised.

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  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Studies Experience
    Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
    The information below is derived from a clinical trial database for SEROQUEL XR consisting of approximately 3400 patients exposed to SEROQUEL XR for the treatment of Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder in placebo-controlled trials. This experience corresponds to approximately 1020.1 patient-years. Adverse reactions were assessed by collecting adverse reactions, results of physical examinations, vital signs, body weights, laboratory analyses and ECG results.
    Adverse reactions during exposure were obtained by general inquiry and recorded by clinical investigators using terminology of their own choosing. Consequently, it is not possible to provide a meaningful estimate of the proportion of individuals experiencing adverse reactions without first grouping similar types of reactions into a smaller number of standardized event categories. In the tables and tabulations that follow, standard MedDRA terminology has been used to classify reported adverse reactions.
    The stated frequencies of adverse reactions represent the proportion of individuals who experienced, at least once, a treatment-emergent adverse reaction of the type listed. An event was considered treatment-emergent if it occurred for the first time or worsened while receiving therapy following baseline evaluation.
    Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials
    Schizophrenia: There was no difference in the incidence and type of adverse reactions associated with discontinuation (6.4% (61/951) for SEROQUEL XR vs. 7.5% (24/319) for placebo) in a pool of controlled Schizophrenia trials. There were no adverse reactions leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of2% for SEROQUEL XR in Schizophrenia trials.
    Bipolar Disorder:
    Mania: In a single clinical trial in patients with bipolar mania, 4.6% (7/151) of patients on SEROQUEL XR discontinued due to an adverse reaction compared to 8.1% (13/160) on placebo. There were no adverse reactions leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of2% for SEROQUEL XR in the Bipolar Mania trial.
    Depression: In a single clinical trial in patients with bipolar depression, 14% (19/137) of patients on SEROQUEL XR discontinued due to an adverse reaction compared to 4% (5/140) on placebo. Somnolencewas the only adverse reaction leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of2% in SEROQUEL XR in the Bipolar Depression trial.
    The adverse reaction termsomnolenceincludes bothsomnolenceandsedation.
    MDD, Adjunctive Therapy: In adjunctive therapy clinical trials in patients with MDD, 12.1% (76/627) of patients on SEROQUEL XR discontinued due to adverse reaction compared to 1.9% (6/309) on placebo. Somnolence* was the only adverse reaction leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of2% in SEROQUEL XR in MDD trials.
    Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials:
    In short-term placebo-controlled studies for schizophrenia the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of SEROQUEL XR (incidence of 5% or greater) and observed at a rate on SEROQUEL XR at least twice that of placebo were somnolence (25%), dry mouth (12%), dizziness (10%), and dyspepsia (5%).
    Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 1% or More Among SEROQUEL XR Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials
    Table 11 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred during acute therapy of schizophrenia (up to 6 weeks) in 1% or more in patients treated with SEROQUEL XR (doses ranging from 300 to 800 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with SEROQUEL XR was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.
    Table 11:Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reaction Incidence in 6- Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials for the Treatment of Schizophrenia *
    Body System/Preferred TermPLACEBOSEROQUEL XR(n=319)(n=951)Cardiac DisordersTachycardia1%3% Eye DisordersVision blurred1%2% Gastrointestinal DisordersDry Mouth1%12%Constipation5%6%Dyspepsia2%5%Toothache0%2% General Disorders and Administration Site ConditionsFatigue2%3%Irritability0%1%Pyrexia0%1% InvestigationsHeart Rate Increased1%4% Metabolism and Nutrition DisordersIncreased Appetite0%2% Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue DisordersMuscle Spasms1%2% Nervous System DisordersSomnolence 10%25%Dizziness4%10%Tremor1%2%Akathisia1%2%Extrapyramidal Symptoms 5%8% Psychiatric DisordersAnxiety1%2%Schizophrenia1%2%Restlessness1%2% Vascular DisordersOrthostatic Hypotension5%7%Hypotension1%3% *Reactions for which the SEROQUEL XR incidence was 1% or more and equal to or less than placebo are not listed in the table, but included the following: headache, insomnia, and nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach discomfort, weight increased, diastolic blood pressure decreased, systolic blood pressure decreased, arthralgia, back pain, pain in extremity, extrapyramidal disorder, agitation, psychotic disorder, sleep disorder, nasal congestion, hypertension.
    Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
    Extrapyramidal symptoms that were reported for SEROQUEL XR or placebo include the terms: akathisia, cogwheel rigidity, drooling, dyskinesia dystonia, extrapyramidal disorder, hypertonia, movement disorder, muscle rigidity, oculogyration, parkinsonism, parkinsonian gait, psychomotor hyperactivity, tardive dyskinesia, restlessness and tremor.

    In a 3-week, placebo-controlled study in bipolar mania the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of SEROQUEL XR (incidence of 5% or greater) and observed at a rate on SEROQUEL XR at least twice that of placebo were somnolence (50%), dry mouth (34%), dizziness (10%), constipation (10%), weight gain (7%), dysarthria (5%), and nasal congestion (5%).
    Table 12 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred during acute therapy of bipolar mania (up to 3 weeks) in 1% or more of patients treated with SEROQUEL XR (doses ranging from 400 to 800 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with SEROQUEL XR was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.
    Table 12: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions in a 3-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Bipolar Mania *
    Body System/Preferred TermPLACEBOSEROQUEL XR(n=160)(n=151)Cardiac DisordersTachycardia1%2%Eye DisordersVision blurred1%2% Gastrointestinal DisordersDry Mouth7%34%Constipation3%10%Dyspepsia4%7%Toothache1%3% General Disorders and Administration Site ConditionsFatigue4%7%Sluggishness1%2%Pain0%1% InvestigationsWeight Gain1%7%Heart Rate Increased0%3% Injury, Poisoning And Procedural ComplicationsContusion0%1% Metabolism And Nutrition DisordersIncreased Appetite2%4% Nervous System DisordersExtrapyramidal Symptoms 4%7%Somnolence 12%50%Dizziness4%10%Dysarthria0%5%Lethargy1%2%Postural Dizziness0%1% Musculoskeletal And Connective Tissue DisordersBack Pain2%3%Arthralgia0%1%Psychiatric DisordersAbnormal Dreams0%3%Bipolar I Disorder0%1% Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal DisordersNasal Congestion1%5%Dry Throat0%1% Vascular DisordersOrthostatic Hypotension0%3% *Reactions for which the SEROQUEL XR incidence was 1% or more and equal to or less than placebo are not listed in the table, but included the following: headache, peripheral edema, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, muscle spasms, musculoskeletal stiffness, myalgia, tremor, akathisia, insomnia, agitation, nightmare, restlessness, erectile dysfunction, pharyngolaryngeal pain, cough, and hypotension.
    Extrapyramidal symptoms that were reported for SEROQUEL XR or placebo include the terms: akathisia, cogwheel rigidity, dystonia, extrapyramidal disorder, restlessness and tremor.
    Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.

    In the 8-week placebo-controlled bipolar depression study, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of SEROQUEL XR (incidence of 5% or greater) and observed at a rate on SEROQUEL XR at least twice that of placebo were somnolence (52%), dry mouth (37%), increased appetite (12%), weight gain (7%), dyspepsia (7%), and fatigue (6%).
    Table 13: enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred during acute therapy of bipolar depression (up to 8 weeks) in 1% or more of patients treated with SEROQUEL XR 300 mg/day where the incidence in patients treated with SEROQUEL XR was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.
    Table 13: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions in an 8-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Bipolar Depression *
    Body System/Preferred TermPlaceboSEROQUEL XR(n=140)(n=137)Ear And Labyrinth DisordersEar Pain1%2% Gastrointestinal DisordersDry Mouth7%37%Constipation6%8%Dyspepsia1%7%Toothache0%3%Abdominal Distension0%1% General Disorders and Administration Site ConditionsFatigue2%6%Irritability3%4% Immune System DisordersSeasonal Allergy1%2% Infections And InfestationsViral Gastroenteritis1%4%Urinary Tract Infection0%2%Sinusitis1%2% InvestigationsWeight Gain1%7%Heart Rate Increased0%2% Metabolism and Nutrition DisorderIncreased Appetite6%12%Decreased Appetite1%2% Musculoskeletal And Connective Tissue DisordersArthralgia1%4%Back Pain1%3%Muscle Spasms1%3%Myalgia1%2%Neck Pain0%2% Nervous System DisordersSomnolence 13%52%Extrapyramidal Symptoms 1%4%Dizziness11%13%Paraesthesia2%3%Disturbance in Attention1%2%Dysarthria0%2%Akathisia0%2%Hypersomnia0%2%Mental Impairment0%2%Migraine1%2%Restless Legs Syndrome1%2%Sinus Headache1%2% Psychiatric DisordersAbnormal Dreams0%3%Anxiety1%2%Confusional State0%2%Disorientation0%2%Libido Decreased1%2% Renal And Urinary DisordersPollakiuria1%2% Respiratory, Thoracic And Mediastinal DisordersSinus Congestion1%2% Skin And Subcutaneous Tissue DisordersHyperhidrosis1%2% Vascular DisordersOrthostatic Hypotension1%2% *Reactions for which the SEROQUEL XR incidence was 1% or more and equal to or less than placebo are not listed in the table, but included the following: headache insomnia, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, influenza, pain in extremity, cough and nasal congestion.
    Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
    Extrapyramidal symptoms that were reported for SEROQUEL XR or placebo include the terms: akathisia, dystonia, extrapyramidal disorder, hypertonia, and tremor.

    In the 6-week placebo-controlled fixed dose adjunctive therapy clinical trials, for MDD, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of SEROQUEL XR (incidence of 5% or greater and observed at a rate on SEROQUEL XR and at least twice that of placebo) were somnolence (150 mg: 37%; 300 mg: 43%), dry mouth (150 mg: 27%; 300 mg: 40%), fatigue (150 mg: 14%; 300 mg: 11%), constipation (300 mg only: 11%) and weight increased (300 mg only: 5%).
    Table 14 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred during short-term adjunctive therapy of MDD (up to 6 weeks) in 1% or more of patients treated with SEROQUEL XR (at doses of either 150 mg or 300 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with SEROQUEL XR was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.
    Table 14: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reaction Incidence in Placebo-Controlled Adjunctive Therapy Clinical Trials for the Treatment of MDD by Fixed Dose *
    Body System/PlaceboSEROQUEL XR 150 mgSEROQUELPreferred Term(n = 309)(n = 315)XR 300mg(n= 312)Ear And Labyrinth DisordersVertigo1%2%2% Eye DisordersVision Blurred1%2%1% Gastrointestinal DisordersDry Mouth8%27%40%Constipation4%6%11%Nausea7%7%8%Dyspepsia2%2%3%Abdominal Distension0%0%1%Vomiting1%3%1% General Disorders and Administration Site ConditionsFatigue4%14%11%Irritability3%4%2%Chills0%1%1% Infections And InfestationsUpper Respiratory Tract2%3%2%InfectionInfluenza0%2%1% Injury, Poisoning And Procedural ComplicationsFall1%2%0% InvestigationsWeight Increased0%3%5% Metabolism And Nutrition DisordersIncreased Appetite3%3%5% Musculoskeletal And Connective Tissue DisordersBack pain1%3%3%Muscle Spasms1%2%1% Nervous System DisordersSomnolence 9%37%43%Dizziness7%11%12%Extrapyramidal Symptoms 4%4%6%Hypersomnia0%1%2%Dysarthria0%1%1%Dysgeusia0%1%1%Lethargy1%2%1%Akathisia1%2%2% Psychiatric DisordersAbnormal Dreams1%2%2%Anxiety1%2%2%Restlessness1%1%2%Libido Decreased0%0%1%Depression1%2%1% *Reactions for which the SEROQUEL XR incidence was 1% or more but equal to or less than placebo are not listed in the table, but included the following: headache, insomnia, nausea, disturbance in attention, dysarthria, paraesthesia, tremor, diarrhea, upper abdominal pain, nightmare, nasopharyngitis, sinusitis, decreased appetite, myalgia, arthralgia, pain in extremity, hyperhidrosis, night sweats and nasal congestion.
    Somnolence combines adverse event terms somnolence and sedation.
    Extrapyramidal symptoms that were reported for SEROQUEL XR or placebo include the terms: akathisia, cogwheel rigidity, drooling, dyskinesia, extrapyramidal disorder, hypertonia, hypokinesia, psychomotor hyperactivity, restlessness, and tremor.

    Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 5% or More Among SEROQUEL XR Treated Patients in Long-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials
    In a longer-term placebo-controlled trial, adult patients with schizophrenia who remained clinically stable on SEROQUEL XR during open-label treatment for at least 4 months were randomized to placebo (n=103) or to continue on their current SEROQUEL XR (n=94) for up to 12 months of observation for possible relapse, the adverse reactions reported were generally consistent with those reported in the short-term, placebo-controlled trials. Insomnia (8.5%) and headache (7.4%) were the only adverse events reported by 5% or more patients.
    Adverse Reactions that occurred in <5% of patients and were considered drug-related (incidence greater than placebo and consistent with known pharmacology of drug class) in order of decreasing frequency:
    heart rate increased, hypotension, weight increased, tremor, akathisia, increased appetite, blurred vision, postural dizziness, pyrexia, dysarthria, dystonia, drooling, syncope, tardive dyskinesia, dysphagia, leukopenia, and rash.
    Adverse Reactions in clinical trials with quetiapine and not listed elsewhere in the label:
    nightmares, peripheral edema, rhinitis, eosinophilia, hypersensitivity, elevations in gamma-GT levels, and elevations in serum creatine phosphokinase (not associated with NMS).
    Extrapyramidal Symptoms (EPS):
    Dystonia
    Class Effect: Symptoms of dystonia, prolonged abnormal contractions of muscle groups, may occur in susceptible individuals during the first few days of treatment. Dystonic symptoms include: spasm of the neck muscles, sometimes progressing to tightness of the throat, swallowing difficulty, difficulty breathing, and/or protrusion of the tongue. While these symptoms can occur at low doses, they occur more frequently and with greater severity with high potency and at higher doses of first generation antipsychotic drugs. An elevated risk of acute dystonia is observed in males and younger age groups.
    Four methods were used to measure EPS: (1) Simpson-Angus total score (mean change from baseline) which evaluates parkinsonism and akathisia, (2) Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS) Global Assessment Score, (3) incidence of spontaneous complaints of EPS (akathisia, akinesia, cogwheel rigidity, extrapyramidal syndrome, hypertonia, hypokinesia, neck rigidity, and tremor), and (4) use of anticholinergic medications to treat emergent EPS.
    Adults: In placebo-controlled clinical trials with quetiapine, utilizing doses up to 800 mg per day, the incidence of any adverse reactions potentially related to EPS ranged from 8% to 11% for quetiapine and 4% to 11% for placebo.
    In three-arm placebo-controlled clinical trials for the treatment of schizophrenia, utilizing doses between 300 mg and 800 mg of SEROQUEL XR, the incidence of any adverse reactions potentially related to EPS was 8% for SEROQUEL XR and 8% for SEROQUEL (without evidence of being dose related), and 5% in the placebo group. In these studies, the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dyskinesia, dystonia, restlessness, and muscle rigidity) was generally low and did not exceed 3% for any treatment group.
    At the end of treatment, the mean change from baseline in SAS total score and BARS Global Assessment score was similar across the treatment groups. The use of concomitant anticholinergic medications was infrequent and similar across the treatment groups. The incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was consistent with that seen with the profile of SEROQUEL in schizophrenia patients.
    Table 15: Adverse Experiences Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in Placebo-controlled Clinical Trials for Schizophrenia
    Preferred termPlaceboSEROQUELSEROQUELSEROQUEL SEROQUELAll Doses(N = 319)XR 300mg/dayXR 400mgdayXR600mg/dayXR800mg/day(N = 951)(N = 91)(N = 227)(N = 310)(N = 323)n%n%n%n%n%n%Dystonic event *00.033.300.041.310.380.8Parkinsonism 41.311.131.3113.672.2222.3Akathisia 41.300.031.372.372.2171.8Dyskinetic20.622.210.410.310.350.5event Other72.233.341.872.3123.7262.7extrapyramidal event *Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, muscle rigidity, oculogyration
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: cogwheel rigidity, tremor, drooling, hypokinesia
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: akathisia, psychomotor agitation
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: tardive dyskinesia, dyskinesia, choreoathetosis


    In a placebo-controlled clinical trial for the treatment of bipolar mania, utilizing the dose range of 400-800 mg/day of SEROQUEL XR, the incidence of any adverse reactions potentially related to EPS was 6.6% for SEROQUEL XR and 3.8% in the placebo group. In this study, the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dystonia, restlessness, and cogwheel rigidity) did not exceed 2.0% for any adverse reaction.
    Table 16: Adverse Experiences Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in a Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial for Bipolar Mania

    Preferred term*Placebo (N=160)SEROQUEL XR (N=151)n%n%Dystonic event00.010.7Parkinsonism31.942.7Akathisia10.621.3Other21.332.0extrapyramidal event*There were no adverse experiences with the preferred term of dyskinetic event.
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, muscle rigidity, oculogyration
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: cogwheel rigidity, tremor, drooling, hypokinesia
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: akathisia, psychomotor agitation


    In a placebo-controlled clinical trial for the treatment of bipolar depression utilizing 300 mg of SEROQUEL XR, the incidence of any adverse reactions potentially related to EPS was 4.4% for SEROQUEL XR and 0.7% in the placebo group. In this study, the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dystonia, hypertonia) did not exceed 1.5% for any individual adverse reaction.
    Table 17: Adverse Experiences Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in a Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial for Bipolar Depression

    Preferred term*Placebo (N=140)SEROQUEL XR (N=137)n%n%Dystonic event00.021.5Parkinsonism10.710.7Akathisia00.021.5Other00.010.7extrapyramidal event*There were no adverse experiences with the preferred term of dyskinetic event.
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, muscle rigidity, oculogyration
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: cogwheel rigidity, tremor, drooling, hypokinesia
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: akathisia, psychomotor agitation


    In two placebo-controlled short-term adjunctive therapy clinical trials for the treatment of MDD utilizing between 150 mg and 300 mg of SEROQUEL XR, the incidence of any adverse reactions potentially related to EPS was 5.1% for SEROQUEL XR and 4.2% for the placebo group.
    Table 18 shows the percentage of patients experiencing adverse reactions potentially associated with EPS in adjunct clinical trials for MDD by dose:
    Table 18: Adverse Reactions Potentially Associated with EPS in MDD Trials by Dose, Adjunctive Therapy Clinical Trials (6 weeks duration)

    Preferred termPlaceboSEROQUEL XRSEROQUEL XRAll Doses(N = 309)150 mg/ day300 mg/ day(N = 627)(N = 315)(N = 312)n%n%n%n%Dystonic event*00.010.300.010.2Parkinsonism51.631.041.371.1Akathisia31.051.682.6132.1Dyskinetic event00.000.010.310.2Other51.651.672.2121.9extrapyramidal event*Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, muscle rigidity, oculogyration
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: cogwheel rigidity, tremor, drooling, hypokinesia
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: akathisia, psychomotor agitation
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: tardive dyskinesia, dyskinesia, choreoathetosis


    Children and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration), the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 12.9% for SEROQUEL and 5.3% for placebo, though the incidence of the individual adverse events (eg, akathisia, tremor, extrapyramidal disorder, hypokinesia, restlessness, psychomotor hyperactivity, muscle rigidity, dyskinesia) did not exceed 4.1% in any treatment group. In a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients with bipolar mania (3-week duration), the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 3.6% for SEROQUEL and 1.1% for placebo.
    Table 19 below presents a listing of patients with adverse experiences potentially associated with EPS in the short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration).
    Table 19 Adverse experiences potentially associated with EPS in the short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration).

    Preferred termPlaceboSEROQUEL XRSEROQUEL XRAll Doses(N = 75)400 mg/ day800 mg/ day(N = 147)(N = 73)(N = 74)n:%n%n%n%Dystonic event*00.022.700.021.4Parkinsonism22.745.545.485.4Akathisia34.034.145.474.8Dyskinetic event00.022.700.021.4Other00.022.722.742.7extrapyramidal event*Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, muscle rigidity
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: cogwheel rigidity, tremor
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: akathisia
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: tardive dyskinesia, dyskinesia, choreoathetosis


    Table 20 below presents a listing of patients with Adverse Experiences potentially associated with EPS in a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients with bipolar mania (3-week duration)
    Table 20: Adverse experiences potentially associated with EPS in a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients with bipolar mania (3-week duration)
    Preferred term*PlaceboSEROQUELSEROQUELALL SEROQUEL(n=90)400 mg/day600 mg/day(N= 193)(N=95)(N=98)en%n%n%n%Parkinsonism11.122.111.031.6Akathisia00.011.011.021.0Other00.011.111.021.0extrapyramidal event*There were no adverse experiences with the preferred term of dystonic or dyskinetic events.
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: cogwheel rigidity, tremor
    Patients with the following terms were counted in this category: akathisia


    Children and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years. In acute placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration) or bipolar mania (3-week duration), the incidence of increased appetite was 7.6% for SEROQUEL compared to 2.4% for placebo. In a 26-week open-label study that enrolled patients from the above two pediatric trials, the incidence of increased appetite was 7% for SEROQUEL.

    6.2 Vital Signs and Laboratory Values
    Hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, weight gain, orthostatic hypotension and changes in thyroid hormone levels have been reported with quetiapine. Increases in blood pressure have also been reported with quetiapine in children and adolescents [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.8, 5.9 and 5.13)].
    Laboratory Changes:
    Neutrophil Counts
    In three-arm SEROQUEL XR placebo-controlled monotherapy clinical trials, among patients with a baseline neutrophil count1.5 x 109/L, the incidence of at least one occurrence of neutrophil count <1.5 x 109/L was 1.5% in patients treated with SEROQUEL XR and 1.5% for SEROQUEL, compared to 0.8% in placebo-treated patients.
    In placebo-controlled monotherapy clinical trials involving 3368 patients on quetiapine fumarate and 1515 on placebo, the incidence of at least one occurrence of neutrophil count <1.0 x 109/L among patients with a normal baseline neutrophil count and at least one available follow up laboratory measurement was 0.3% (10/2967) in patients treated with quetiapine, compared to 0.1% (2/1349) in patients treated with placebo. Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and should discontinue SEROQUEL XR at the first sign of a decline in WBC in absence of other causative factors [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].
    Decreased Hemoglobin
    In short-term placebo-controlled trials, decreases in hemoglobin to13 g/dL males,12 g/dL females on at least one occasion occurred in 8.3% (594/7155) of quetiapine-treated patients compared to 6.2% (219/3536) of patients treated with placebo. In a database of controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials, decreases in hemoglobin to13 g/dL males,12 g/dL females on at least one occasion occurred in 11% (2277/20729) of quetiapine-treated patients.
    ECG Changes:
    2.5% of SEROQUEL XR patients, and 2.3% of placebo patients, had tachycardia (>120 bpm) at any time during the trials. SEROQUEL XR was associated with a mean increase in heart rate, assessed by ECG, of 6.3 beats per minute compared to a mean increase of 0.4 beats per minute for placebo. This is consistent with the rates for SEROQUEL. The incidence of adverse reactions of tachycardia was 1.9% for SEROQUEL XR compared to 0.5% for placebo. SEROQUEL use was associated with a mean increase in heart rate, assessed by ECG, of 7 beats per minute compared to a mean increase of 1 beat per minute among placebo patients. The slight tendency for tachycardia may be related to quetiapine's potential for inducing orthostatic changes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].
    Children and Adolescents: Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients. In the acute (6-week) schizophrenia trial in adolescents, potentially clinically significant increases in heart rate (> 110 bpm) occurred in 5.2% of patients receiving SEROQUEL 400 mg and 8.5% of patients receiving SEROQUEL 800 mg compared to 0% of patients receiving placebo. Mean increases in heart rate were 3.8 bpm and 11.2 bpm for SEROQUEL 400 mg and 800 mg groups, respectively, compared to a decrease of 3.3 bpm in the placebo group [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].
    In the acute (3-week) bipolar mania trial in children and adolescents, potentially clinically significant increases in heart rate (> 110 bpm) occurred in 1.1% of patients receiving SEROQUEL 400 mg and 2.4% of patients receiving SEROQUEL 600 mg compared to 0% of patients receiving placebo. Mean increases in heart rate were 12.8 bpm and 13.4 bpm for SEROQUEL 400 mg and 600 mg groups, respectively, compared to a decrease of 1.7 bpm in the placebo group [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

    6.3 Post Marketing Experience
    The following adverse reactions were identified during post approval use of SEROQUEL. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
    Adverse reactions reported since market introduction which were temporally related to SEROQUEL therapy include anaphylactic reaction and galactorrhea.
    Other adverse reactions reported since market introduction, which were temporally related to SEROQUEL therapy, but not necessarily causally related, include the following: agranulocytosis, cardiomyopathy, hyponatremia, myocarditis, rhabdomyolysis, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and decreased platelets.
    In post-marketing clinical trials, elevations in total cholesterol (predominantly LDL cholesterol), dyspnea, palpitations and somnambulism (and other related events) have been reported.

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  • DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS
    The risks of using SEROQUEL XR in combination with other drugs have not been extensively evaluated in systematic studies. Given the primary CNS effects of SEROQUEL XR, caution should be used when it is taken in combination with other centrally acting drugs. Quetiapine potentiated the cognitive and motor effects of alcohol in a clinical trial in subjects with selected psychotic disorders, and alcoholic beverages should be limited while taking quetiapine.
    Because of its potential for inducing hypotension, SEROQUEL XR may enhance the effects of certain antihypertensive agents.
    SEROQUEL XR may antagonize the effects of levodopa and dopamine agonists.
    Caution should be exercised when quetiapine is used concomitantly with drugs known to cause electrolyte imbalance or to increase QT interval [see Warnings and Precautions (5.21)].
    There have been reports of false positive results in urine enzyme immunoassays for methadone and tricyclic antidepressants in patients who have taken quetiapine. If false positive results are suspected, confirmation by an appropriate chromatographic technique is recommended.

    7.1 The Effect of Other Drugs on Quetiapine
    Phenytoin
    Coadministration of quetiapine (250 mg three times/day) and phenytoin (100 mg three times/day) increased the mean oral clearance of quetiapine by 5-fold. Increased doses of SEROQUEL XR may be required to maintain control of symptoms of schizophrenia in patients receiving quetiapine and phenytoin, or other hepatic enzyme inducers (eg, carbamazepine, barbiturates, rifampin, glucocorticoids). Caution should be taken if phenytoin is withdrawn and replaced with a non-inducer (eg, valproate) [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
    Divalproex
    Coadministration of quetiapine (150 mg twice daily) and divalproex (500 mg twice daily) increased the mean maximum plasma concentration of quetiapine at steady-state by 17% without affecting the extent of absorption or mean oral clearance.
    Thioridazine
    Thioridazine (200 mg twice daily) increased the oral clearance of quetiapine (300 mg twice daily) by 65%.
    Cimetidine
    Administration of multiple daily doses of cimetidine (400 mg three times daily for 4 days) resulted in a 20% decrease in the mean oral clearance of quetiapine (150 mg three times daily). Dosage adjustment for quetiapine is not required when it is given with cimetidine.
    P450 3A Inhibitors
    Coadministration of ketoconazole (200 mg once daily for 4 days), a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 3A, reduced oral clearance of quetiapine by 84%, resulting in a 335% increase in maximum plasma concentration of quetiapine. Caution (reduced dosage) is indicated when SEROQUEL XR is administered with ketoconazole and other inhibitors of cytochrome P450 3A (eg, itraconazole, fluconazole, erythromycin, protease inhibitors).
    Fluoxetine, Imipramine, Haloperidol, and Risperidone
    Coadministration of fluoxetine (60 mg once daily), imipramine (75 mg twice daily), haloperidol (7.5 mg twice daily), or risperidone (3 mg twice daily) with quetiapine (300 mg twice daily) did not alter the steady-state pharmacokinetics of quetiapine.

    7.2 Effect of Quetiapine on Other Drugs
    Lorazepam
    The mean oral clearance of lorazepam (2 mg, single dose) was reduced by 20% in the presence of quetiapine administered as 250 mg three times daily dosing.
    Divalproex
    The mean maximum concentration and extent of absorption of total and free valproic acid at steady-state were decreased by 10 to 12% when divalproex (500 mg twice daily) was administered with quetiapine (150 mg twice daily). The mean oral clearance of total valproic acid (administered as divalproex 500 mg twice daily) was increased by 11% in the presence of quetiapine (150 mg twice daily). The changes were not significant.
    Lithium
    Concomitant administration of quetiapine (250 mg three times daily) with lithium had no effect on any of the steady-state pharmacokinetic parameters of lithium.
    Antipyrine
    Administration of multiple daily doses up to 750 mg/day (on a three times daily schedule) of quetiapine to subjects with selected psychotic disorders had no clinically relevant effect on the clearance of antipyrine or urinary recovery of antipyrine metabolites. These results indicate that quetiapine does not significantly induce hepatic enzymes responsible for cytochrome P450 mediated metabolism of antipyrine.

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  • USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy
    Pregnancy Category C:
    There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of SEROQUEL XR use in pregnant women. In limited published literature, there were no major malformations associated with quetiapine exposure during pregnancy. In animal studies, embryo-fetal toxicity occurred. Quetiapine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
    There are limited published data on the use of quetiapine for treatment of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders during pregnancy. In a prospective observational study, 21 women exposed to quetiapine and other psychoactive medications during pregnancy delivered infants with no major malformations. Among 42 other infants born to pregnant women who used quetiapine during pregnancy, there were no major malformations reported (one study of 36 women, 6 case reports). Due to the limited number of exposed pregnancies, these postmarketing data do not reliably estimate the frequency or absence of adverse outcomes.
    When pregnant rats and rabbits were exposed to quetiapine during organogenesis, there was no increase in the incidence of major malformations in fetuses at doses up to 2.4 times the maximum recommended human dose for schizophrenia (MRHD, 800 mg/day on a mg/m2 basis); however, there was evidence of embryo-fetal toxicity. In rats, delays in skeletal ossification occurred at 0.6 and 2.4 times the MRHD and in rabbits at 1.2 and 2.4 times the MRHD. At 2.4 times the MRHD, there was an increased incidence of carpal/tarsal flexure (minor soft tissue anomaly) in rabbit fetuses and decreased fetal weights in both species. Maternal toxicity (decreased body weights and/or death) occurred at 2.4 times the MRHD in rats and at 0.6-2.4 times the MRHD (all doses) in rabbits.
    In a peri/postnatal reproductive study in rats, no drug-related effects were observed when pregnant dams were treated with quetiapine at doses 0.01, 0.12, and 0.24 times the MRHD. However, in a preliminary peri/postnatal study, there were increases in fetal and pup death, and decreases in mean litter weight at 3.0 times the MRHD.
    Non-Teratogenic Effects
    Neonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs (including SEROQUEL XR), during the third trimester of pregnancy are at risk for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms following delivery. There have been reports of agitation, hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress and feeding disorder in these neonates. These complications have varied in severity; while in some cases symptoms have been self-limited, in other cases neonates have required intensive care unit support and prolonged hospitalization.
    SEROQUEL XR should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

    8.2 Labor and Delivery
    The effect of SEROQUEL XR on labor and delivery in humans is unknown.

    8.3 Nursing Mothers
    SEROQUEL XR was excreted into human milk. Caution should be exercised when SEROQUEL XR is administered to a nursing woman.
    In published case reports, the level of quetiapine in breast milk ranged from undetectable to 170The estimated infant dose ranged from 0.09% to 0.43% of the weight-adjusted maternal dose. Based on a limited number (N=8) of mother/infant pairs, calculated infant daily doses range from less than 0.01 mg/kg (at a maternal daily dose up to 100 mg quetiapine) to 0.1 mg/kg (at a maternal daily dose of 400 mg).

    8.4 Pediatric Use
    Safety and effectiveness of SEROQUEL XR have not been established in pediatric patients and SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under the age of 18 years [see Warnings and Precautions (5) and Adverse Reactions (6)].
    In general, the adverse reactions observed in children and adolescents during the clinical trials with SEROQUEL were similar to those in the adult population with few exceptions. Increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure occurred in children and adolescents and did not occur in adults. Orthostatic hypotension occurred more frequently in adults (4-7%) compared to children and adolescents (< 1%).

    8.5 Geriatric Use
    Sixty-eight patients in clinical studies with SEROQUEL XR were 65 years of age or over. In general, there was no indication of any different tolerability of SEROQUEL XR in the elderly compared to younger adults. Nevertheless, the presence of factors that might decrease pharmacokinetic clearance, increase the pharmacodynamic response to SEROQUEL XR, or cause poorer tolerance or orthostasis, should lead to consideration of a lower starting dose, slower titration, and careful monitoring during the initial dosing period in the elderly. The mean plasma clearance of quetiapine was reduced by 30% to 50% in elderly patients when compared to younger patients [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Pharmacokinetics (12.3)].

    8.6 Renal Impairment
    Clinical experience with SEROQUEL XR in patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology( 12.3)] is limited.

    8.7 Hepatic Impairment
    Since quetiapine is extensively metabolized by the liver, higher plasma levels are expected in the hepatically impaired population, and dosage adjustment may be needed [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

    9 DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

    9.1 Controlled Substance
    SEROQUEL XR is not a controlled substance.

    9.2 Abuse
    SEROQUEL XR has not been systematically studied in animals or humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance or physical dependence. While the clinical trials did not reveal any tendency for any drug-seeking behavior, these observations were not systematic and it is not possible to predict on the basis of this limited experience the extent to which a CNS-active drug will be misused, diverted, and/or abused once marketed. Consequently, patients should be evaluated carefully for a history of drug abuse, and such patients should be observed closely for signs of misuse or abuse of SEROQUEL XR (eg, development of tolerance, increases in dose, drug-seeking behavior).

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  • OVERDOSAGE

    10 OVERDOSAGE

    10.1 Human Experience
    In clinical trials, survival has been reported in acute overdoses of up to 30 grams of quetiapine. Most patients who overdosed experienced no adverse events or recovered fully from the reported events. Death has been reported in a clinical trial following an overdose of 13.6 grams of quetiapine alone. In general, reported signs and symptoms were those resulting from an exaggeration of the drug's known pharmacological effects, ie, drowsiness and sedation, tachycardia and hypotension. Patients with pre-existing severe cardiovascular disease may be at an increased risk of the effects of overdose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. One case, involving an estimated overdose of 9600 mg, was associated with hypokalemia and first degree heart block. In post-marketing experience, there were cases reported of QT prolongation with overdose. There were also very rare reports of overdose of SEROQUEL alone resulting in death or coma.

    10.2 Management of Overdosage
    In case of acute overdosage, establish and maintain an airway and ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation. Gastric lavage (after intubation, if patient is unconscious) and administration of activated charcoal together with a laxative should be considered. The possibility of obtundation, seizure or dystonic reaction of the head and neck following overdose may create a risk of aspiration with induced emesis. Cardiovascular monitoring should commence immediately and should include continuous electrocardiographic monitoring to detect possible arrhythmias. If antiarrhythmic therapy is administered, disopyramide, procainamide and quinidine carry a theoretical hazard of additive QT-prolonging effects when administered in patients with acute overdosage of SEROQUEL XR. Similarly it is reasonable to expect that theproperties of bretylium might be additive to those of quetiapine, resulting in problematic hypotension.
    There is no specific antidote to SEROQUEL XR. Therefore, appropriate supportive measures should be instituted. The possibility of multiple drug involvement should be considered. Hypotension and circulatory collapse should be treated with appropriate measures such as intravenous fluids and/or sympathomimetic agents (epinephrine and dopamine should not be used, sincestimulation may worsen hypotension in the setting of quetiapine-inducedblockade). In cases of severe extrapyramidal symptoms, anticholinergic medication should be administered. Close medical supervision and monitoring should continue until the patient recovers.

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  • DESCRIPTION

    11 DESCRIPTION
    SEROQUEL XR (quetiapine fumarate) is a psychotropic agent belonging to a chemical class, the dibenzothiazepine derivatives. The chemical designation is 2-[2-(4-dibenzo [b,f ] [1,4] thiazepin-11-yl-1-piperazinyl)ethoxy]-ethanol fumarate (2:1) (salt). It is present in tablets as the fumarate salt. All doses and tablet strengths are expressed as milligrams of base, not as fumarate salt. Its molecular formula is C42H50N6O4S2C4H4O4 and it has a molecular weight of 883.11 (fumarate salt). The structural formula is:
    MM1


    Quetiapine fumarate is a white to off-white crystalline powder which is moderately soluble in water.
    SEROQUEL XR is supplied for oral administration as 50 mg (peach), 150 mg (white), 200 mg (yellow), 300 mg (pale yellow), and 400 mg (white). All tablets are capsule shaped and film coated.
    Inactive ingredients for SEROQUEL XR are lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium citrate, hypromellose, and magnesium stearate. The film coating for all SEROQUEL XR tablets contain hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400 and titanium dioxide. In addition, yellow iron oxide (50, 200 and 300 mg tablets) and red iron oxide (50 mg tablets) are included in the film coating of specific strengths.
    Each 50 mg tablet contains 58 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 50 mg quetiapine. Each 150 mg tablet contains 173 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 150 mg quetiapine. Each 200 mg tablet contains 230 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 200 mg quetiapine. Each 300 mg tablet contains 345 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 300 mg quetiapine. Each 400 mg tablet contains 461 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 400 mg quetiapine.

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  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action
    The mechanism of action of SEROQUEL XR, as with other drugs having efficacy in the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder (MDD), is unknown. However, it has been proposed that the efficacy of SEROQUEL XR in schizophrenia is mediated through a combination of dopamine type 2 (D2) and serotonin type 2A (5HT2A) antagonism. The active metabolite, N-desalkyl quetiapine (norquetiapine), has similar activity at D2, but greater activity at 5HT2A receptors, than the parent drug (quetiapine). Quetiapine's efficacy in bipolar depression and MDD may partly be explained by the high affinity and potent inhibitory effects that norquetiapine exhibits for the norepinephrine transporter.
    Antagonism at receptors other than dopamine and serotonin with similar or greater affinities may explain some of the other effects of quetiapine and norquetiapine: antagonism at histamine H1 receptors may explain the somnolence, antagonism at adrenergicreceptors may explain the orthostatic hypotension, and antagonism at muscarinic M1 receptors may explain the anticholinergic effects.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics
    Quetiapine and norquetiapine have affinity for multiple neurotransmitter receptors including dopamine D1 and D2, serotonin 5HT1A and 5HT2A, histamine H1, muscarinic M1, and adrenergicandreceptors. Quetiapine differs from norquetiapine in having no appreciable affinity for muscarinic M1 receptors whereas norquetiapine has high affinity. Quetiapine and norquetiapine lack appreciable affinity for benzodiazepine receptors.
    Receptor Affinities (Ki, nM) for Quetiapine and Norquetiapine
    ReceptorQuetiapineNorquetiapineDopamine D142899.8Dopamine D2626489Serotonin 5HT1A1040191Serotonin 5HT2A382.9Norepinephrine transporter>1000034.8Histamine H14.411.15Adrenergic14.646.4Adrenergic6171290Muscarinic M1108638.3Benzodiazepine>10000> 10000
    12.3 Pharmacokinetics
    Following multiple dosing of quetiapine up to a total daily dose of 800 mg, administered in divided doses, the plasma concentration of quetiapine and norquetiapine, the major active metabolite of quetiapine, were proportional to the total daily dose. Accumulation is predictable upon multiple dosing. Steady-state mean Cmax and AUC of norquetiapine are about 21-27% and 46-56%, respectively of that observed for quetiapine. Elimination of quetiapine is mainly via hepatic metabolism. The mean-terminal half-life is approximately 7 hours for quetiapine and approximately 12 hours for norquetiapine within the clinical dose range. Steady-state concentrations are expected to be achieved within two days of dosing. SEROQUEL XR is unlikely to interfere with the metabolism of drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes.
    Absorption
    Quetiapine fumarate reaches peak plasma concentrations approximately 6 hours following administration. SEROQUEL XR dosed once daily at steady-state has comparable bioavailability to an equivalent total daily dose of SEROQUEL administered in divided doses, twice daily. A high-fat meal (approximately 800 to 1000 calories) was found to produce statistically significant increases in the SEROQUEL XR Cmax and AUC of 44% to 52% and 20% to 22%, respectively, for the 50 mg and 300 mg tablets. In comparison, a light meal (approximately 300 calories) had no significant effect on the Cmax or AUC of quetiapine. It is recommended that SEROQUEL XR be taken without food or with a light meal [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
    Distribution
    Quetiapine is widely distributed throughout the body with an apparent volume of distribution of 10L/kg. It is 83% bound to plasma proteins at therapeutic concentrations. In vitro, quetiapine did not affect the binding of warfarin or diazepam to human serum albumin. In turn, neither warfarin nor diazepam altered the binding of quetiapine.
    Metabolism and Elimination
    Following a single oral dose of 14C-quetiapine, less than 1% of the administered dose was excreted as unchanged drug, indicating that quetiapine is highly metabolized. Approximately 73% and 20% of the dose was recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. The average dose fraction of free quetiapine and its major active metabolite is <5% excreted in the urine.
    Quetiapine is extensively metabolized by the liver. The major metabolic pathways are sulfoxidation to the sulfoxide metabolite and oxidation to the parent acid metabolite; both metabolites are pharmacologically inactive. In vitro studies using human liver microsomes revealed that the cytochrome P450 3A4 isoenzyme is involved in the metabolism of quetiapine to its major, but inactive, sulfoxide metabolite and in the metabolism of its active metabolite norquetiapine.
    Age
    Oral clearance of quetiapine was reduced by 40% in elderly patients (> 65 years, n = 9) compared to young patients (n = 12), and dosing adjustment may be necessary [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].
    Gender
    There is no gender effect on the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine.
    Race
    There is no race effect on the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine.
    Smoking
    Smoking has no effect on the oral clearance of quetiapine.
    Renal Insufficiency
    Patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr=10-30 mL/min/1.73m2, n=8) had a 25% lower mean oral clearance than normal subjects (CLcr>80 mL/min/1.73m2, n=8), but plasma quetiapine concentrations in the subjects with renal insufficiency were within the range of concentrations seen in normal subjects receiving the same dose. Dosage adjustment is therefore not needed in these patients.
    Hepatic Insufficiency
    Hepatically impaired patients (n=8) had a 30% lower mean oral clearance of quetiapine than normal subjects. In 2 of the 8 hepatically impaired patients, AUC and Cmax were 3 times higher than those observed typically in healthy subjects. Since quetiapine is extensively metabolized by the liver, higher plasma levels are expected in the hepatically impaired population, and dosage adjustment may be needed [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].
    Drug-Drug Interactions
    In vitro enzyme inhibition data suggest that quetiapine and 9 of its metabolites would have little inhibitory effect on in vivo metabolism mediated by cytochromes P450 1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4.
    Quetiapine oral clearance is increased by the prototype cytochrome P450 3A4 inducer, phenytoin, and decreased by the prototype cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitor, ketoconazole. Dose adjustment of quetiapine will be necessary if it is coadministered with phenytoin or ketoconazole [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Drug Interactions (7.1)].
    Quetiapine oral clearance is not inhibited by the non-specific enzyme inhibitor, cimetidine.
    Quetiapine at doses of 750 mg/day did not affect the single dose pharmacokinetics of antipyrine, lithium or lorazepam [see Drug Interactions ( 7.2)].

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  • NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
    Carcinogenesis
    Carcinogenicity studies were conducted in C57BL mice and Wistar rats. Quetiapine was administered in the diet to mice at doses of 20, 75, 250, and 750 mg/kg and to rats by gavage at doses of 25, 75, and 250 mg/kg for two years. These doses are equivalent to 0.1, 0.5, 1.5, and 4.5 times the maximum human dose for schizophrenia and bipolar mania (800 mg/day) on a mg/m2 basis (mice) or 0.3, 0.9, and 3.0 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis (rats). There were statistically significant increases in thyroid gland follicular adenomas in male mice at doses of 250 and 750 mg/kg or 1.5 and 4.5 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis and in male rats at a dose of 250 mg/kg or 3.0 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis. Mammary gland adenocarcinomas were statistically significantly increased in female rats at all doses tested (25, 75, and 250 mg/kg or 0.3, 0.9, and 3.0 times the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis).
    Thyroid follicular cell adenomas may have resulted from chronic stimulation of the thyroid gland by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) resulting from enhanced metabolism and clearance of thyroxine by rodent liver. Changes in TSH, thyroxine, and thyroxine clearance consistent with this mechanism were observed in subchronic toxicity studies in rat and mouse and in a 1-year toxicity study in rat; however, the results of these studies were not definitive. The relevance of the increases in thyroid follicular cell adenomas to human risk, through whatever mechanism, is unknown.
    Antipsychotic drugs have been shown to chronically elevate prolactin levels in rodents. Serum measurements in a 1-year toxicity study showed that quetiapine increased median serum prolactin levels a maximum of 32- and 13-fold in male and female rats, respectively. Increases in mammary neoplasms have been found in rodents after chronic administration of other antipsychotic drugs and are considered to be prolactin-mediated. The relevance of this increased incidence of prolactin-mediated mammary gland tumors in rats to human risk is unknown [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].
    Mutagenesis
    The mutagenic potential of quetiapine was tested in six in vitro bacterial gene mutation assays and in an in vitro mammalian gene mutation assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. However, sufficiently high concentrations of quetiapine may not have been used for all tester strains. Quetiapine did produce a reproducible increase in mutations in one Salmonella typhimurium tester strain in the presence of metabolic activation. No evidence of clastogenic potential was obtained in an in vitro chromosomal aberration assay in cultured human lymphocytes or in the in vivo micronucleus assay in rats.
    Impairment of Fertility
    Quetiapine decreased mating and fertility in male Sprague-Dawley rats at oral doses of 50 and 150 mg/kg or 0.6 and 1.8 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis. Drug-related effects included increases in interval to mate and in the number of matings required for successful impregnation. These effects continued to be observed at 150 mg/kg even after a two-week period without treatment. The no-effect dose for impaired mating and fertility in male rats was 25 mg/kg, or 0.3 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis. Quetiapine adversely affected mating and fertility in female Sprague-Dawley rats at an oral dose of 50 mg/kg, or 0.6 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis. Drug-related effects included decreases in matings and in matings resulting in pregnancy, and an increase in the interval to mate. An increase in irregular estrus cycles was observed at doses of 10 and 50 mg/kg, or 0.1 and 0.6 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis. The no-effect dose in female rats was 1 mg/kg, or 0.01 times the maximum human dose on a mg/m2 basis.

    13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

    In dogs receiving quetiapine for 6 or 12 months, but not for 1 month, focal triangular cataracts occurred at the junction of posterior sutures in the outer cortex of the lens at a dose of 100 mg/kg, or 4 times the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis. This finding may be due to inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by quetiapine. Quetiapine caused a dose-related reduction in plasma cholesterol levels in repeat-dose dog and monkey studies; however, there was no correlation between plasma cholesterol and the presence of cataracts in individual dogs. The appearance of delta 8 cholestanol in plasma is consistent with inhibition of a late stage in cholesterol biosynthesis in these species. There also was a 25% reduction in cholesterol content of the outer cortex of the lens observed in a special study in quetiapine treated female dogs. Drug-related cataracts have not been seen in any other species; however, in a 1-year study in monkeys, a striated appearance of the anterior lens surface was detected in 2/7 females at a dose of 225 mg/kg or 5.5 times the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis.

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  • CLINICAL STUDIES

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Schizophrenia
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR in the treatment of schizophrenia was demonstrated in 1 short-term, 6-week, fixed-dose, placebo-controlled trial of inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia (n=573) who met DSM IV criteria for schizophrenia. SEROQUEL XR (once daily) was administered as 300 mg on Day 1, and the dose was increased to either 400 mg or 600 mg by Day 2, or 800 mg by Day 3. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at the end of treatment (Day 42). SEROQUEL XR doses of 400 mg, 600 mg and 800 mg once daily were superior to placebo in the PANSS total score at Day 42.
    In a longer-term trial, clinically stable adult outpatients (n=171) meeting DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia who remained stable following 16 weeks of open-label treatment with flexible doses of SEROQUEL XR (400 mg/day-800 mg/day) were randomized to placebo or to continue on their current SEROQUEL XR (400 mg/day-800 mg/day) for observation for possible relapse during the double-blind continuation (maintenance) phase. Stabilization during the open-label phase was defined as receiving a stable dose of SEROQUEL XR and having a CGI-Sand a PANSS scorefrom beginning to end of this open-label phase (with no increase ofpoints in PANSS total score). Relapse during the double-blind phase was defined in terms of aincrease in the PANSS Total score, or CGI-Improvement score ofor hospitalization due to worsening of schizophrenia, or need for any other antipsychotic medication. Patients on SEROQUEL XR experienced a statistically significant longer time to relapse than did patients on placebo.

    14.2 Bipolar Disorder
    Bipolar Mania
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR in the acute treatment of manic episodes was established in one 3-week, placebo-controlled trial in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar I disorder with manic or mixed episodes with or without psychotic features (N=316). Patients were hospitalized for a minimum of 4 days at randomization. Patients randomized to SEROQUEL XR received 300 mg on Day 1 and 600 mg on Day 2. Afterwards, the dose could be adjusted between 400 mg and 800 mg per day.
    The primary rating instrument used for assessing manic symptoms in these trials was the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), an 11-item clinician-rated scale traditionally used to assess the degree of manic symptoms in a range from 0 (no manic features) to 60 (maximum score). SEROQUEL XR was superior to placebo in the reduction of the YMRS total score at week 3.
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL in the treatment of acute manic episodes was also established in 3 placebo-controlled trials in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar I disorder with manic episodes. These trials included patients with or without psychotic features and excluded patients with rapid cycling and mixed episodes. Of these trials, 2 were monotherapy (12 weeks) and 1 was adjunct therapy (3 weeks) to either lithium or divalproex. Key outcomes in these trials were change from baseline in the YMRS score at 3 and 12 weeks for monotherapy and at 3 weeks for adjunct therapy. Adjunct therapy is defined as the simultaneous initiation or subsequent administration of SEROQUEL with lithium or divalproex.
    The results of the trials follow:
    Monotherapy
    In two 12-week trials (n=300, n=299) comparing SEROQUEL to placebo, SEROQUEL was superior to placebo in the reduction of the YMRS total score at weeks 3 and 12. The majority of patients in these trials taking SEROQUEL were dosed in a range between 400 mg/day and 800 mg/day.
    Adjunct Therapy
    In a 3-week placebo-controlled trial, 170 patients with bipolar mania (YMRS20) were randomized to receive SEROQUEL or placebo as adjunct treatment to lithium or divalproex. Patients may or may not have received an adequate treatment course of lithium or divalproex prior to randomization. SEROQUEL was superior to placebo when added to lithium or divalproex alone in the reduction of YMRS total score. The majority of patients in this trial taking SEROQUEL were dosed in a range between 400 mg/day and 800 mg/day.
    Depressive Episodes Associated with Bipolar Disorder
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder was established in one 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (N=280 outpatients). This study included patients with bipolar I and II disorder, and those with and without a rapid cycling course. Patients randomized to SEROQUEL XR were administered 50 mg on Day 1, 100 mg on Day 2, 200 mg on Day 3, and 300 mg on Day 4 and after.
    The primary rating instrument used to assess depressive symptoms was the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), a 10-item clinician-rated scale with scores ranging from 0 (no depressive features) to 60 (maximum score). The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in MADRS score at week 8. SEROQUEL XR was superior to placebo in reduction of MADRS score at week 8.
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder was established in 2 identical 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (N=1045). These studies included patients with either bipolar I or II disorder and those with or without a rapid cycling course. Patients randomized to SEROQUEL were administered fixed doses of either 300 mg or 600 mg once daily.
    The primary rating instrument used to assess depressive symptoms in these studies was the MADRS. The primary endpoint in both studies was the change from baseline in MADRS score at week 8. In both studies, SEROQUEL was superior to placebo in reduction of MADRS score at week 8. In these studies, no additional benefit was seen with the 600 mg dose. For the 300 mg dose group, statistically significant improvements over placebo were seen in overall quality of life and satisfaction related to various areas of functioning, as measured using the Q-LES-Q(SF).
    Maintenance Treatment as an Adjunct to Lithium or Divalproex
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL in the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder was established in 2 placebo-controlled trials in patients (n=1326) who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar I disorder. The trials included patients whose most recent episode was manic, depressed, or mixed, with or without psychotic features. In the open-label phase, patients were required to be stable on SEROQUEL plus lithium or divalproex for at least 12 weeks in order to be randomized. On average, patients were stabilized for 15 weeks. In the randomization phase, patients continued treatment with lithium or divalproex and were randomized to receive either SEROQUEL (administered twice daily totaling 400 mg/day to 800 mg/day or placebo). Approximately 50% of the patients had discontinued from the SEROQUEL group by day 280 and 50% of the placebo group had discontinued by day 117 of double-blind treatment. The primary endpoint in these studies was time to recurrence of a mood event (manic, mixed or depressed episode). A mood event was defined as medication initiation or hospitalization for a mood episode; YMRS score20 or MADRS score
    In both studies, SEROQUEL was superior to placebo in increasing the time to recurrence of any mood event. The treatment effect was present for increasing time to recurrence of both manic and depressed episodes. The effect of SEROQUEL was independent of any specific subgroup (assigned mood stabilizer, sex, age, race, most recent bipolar episode, or rapid cycling course).

    14.3 Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy to Antidepressants
    The efficacy of SEROQUEL XR as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants in the treatment of MDD was demonstrated in two 6-week placebo-controlled, fixed-dose trials (n=936). SEROQUEL XR 150 mg/day or 300 mg/day was given as adjunctive therapy to existing antidepressant therapy in patients who had previously shown an inadequate response to at least one antidepressant. SEROQUEL XR was administered as 50 mg/day on Days 1 and 2, and increased to 150 mg/day on Day 3 for both dose groups. On Day 5, the dose was increased to 300 mg/day in the 300 mg/day fixed-dose group. Inadequate response was defined as having continued depressive symptoms for the current episode (HAM-D total score of20) despite using an antidepressant for 6 weeks at or above the minimally effective labelled dose. The mean HAM-D total score at entry was 24, and 17% of patients scored 28 or greater. Patients were on various antidepressants prior to study entry including SSRI's (paroxetine, fluoxetine, sertraline, escitalopram, or citalopram), SNRI's, (duloxetine and venlafaxine,) TCA (amitriptyline) and other (bupropion).
    The primary endpoint in these trials was change from baseline to week 6 in the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), a 10-item clinician-rated scale used to assess the degree of depressive symptomatology (apparent sadness, reported sadness, inner tension, reduced sleep, reduced appetite, concentration difficulties, lassitude, inability to feel, pessimistic thoughts, and suicidal thoughts) with total scores ranging from 0 (no depressive features) to 60 (maximum score).
    SEROQUEL XR 300 mg once daily as adjunctive treatment to other antidepressant therapy was superior to antidepressant alone in reduction of MADRS total score in both trials. SEROQUEL XR 150 mg once daily as adjunctive treatment was superior to antidepressant therapy alone in reduction of MADRS total score in one trial.

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  • HOW SUPPLIED

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
         50 mg Tablets (NDC 0310-0280) peach, film coated, capsule-shaped, biconvex, intagliated tablet withXR 50on one side and plain on the other are supplied in bottles of 60 tablets and hospital unit dose packages of 100 tablets.
         150 mg Tablets (NDC 0310-0281) white, film-coated, capsule-shaped, biconvex, intagliated tablet withXR 150'on one side and plain on the other are supplied in bottles of 60 tablets and hospital unit dose packages of 100 tablets.
         200 mg Tablets (NDC 0310-0282) yellow, film coated, capsule-shaped, biconvex, intagliated tablet withXR 200on one side and plain on the other are supplied in bottles of 60 tablets and hospital unit dose packages of 100 tablets.
         300 mg Tablets (NDC 0310-0283) pale yellow, film coated, capsule-shaped, biconvex, intagliated tablet withXR 300on one side and plain on the other are supplied in bottles of 60 tablets and hospital unit dose packages of 100 tablets.
         400 mg Tablets (NDC 0310-0284) white, film coated, capsule-shaped, biconvex, intagliated tablet withXR 400on one side and plain on the other are supplied in bottles of 60 tablets and hospital unit dose packages of 100 tablets.
    Store SEROQUEL XR at 25(77(59-86[See USP].

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  • INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    17.1 Information for Patients
    [see Medication Guide]
    Prescribers or other health professionals should inform patients, their families, and their caregivers about the benefits and risks associated with treatment with SEROQUEL XR and should counsel them in its appropriate use. A patient Medication Guide aboutAntidepressant Medicines, Depression and other Serious Mental Illness, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actionsis available for SEROQUEL XR. The prescriber or health professional should instruct patients, their families, and their caregivers to read the Medication Guide and should assist them in understanding its contents. Patients should be given the opportunity to discuss the contents of the Medication Guide and to obtain answers to any questions they may have. The complete text of the Medication Guide is reprinted at the end of this document.
    Patients should be advised of the following issues and asked to alert their prescriber if these occur while taking SEROQUEL XR.
    Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis
    Patients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychoses treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs are at increased risk of death compared with placebo. Quetiapine is not approved for elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
    Clinical Worsening and Suicide Risk
    Patients, their families, and their caregivers should be encouraged to be alert to the emergence of anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania, mania, other unusual changes in behavior, worsening of depression, and suicidal ideation, especially early during antidepressant treatment and when the dose is adjusted up or down. Families and caregivers of patients should be advised to look for the emergence of such symptoms on a day-to-day basis, since changes may be abrupt. Such symptoms should be reported to the patient's prescriber or health professional, especially if they are severe, abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient's presenting symptoms. Symptoms such as these may be associated with an increased risk for suicidal thinking and behavior and indicate a need for very close monitoring and possibly changes in the medication [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
    Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
    Patients should be advised to report to their physician any signs or symptoms that may be related to NMS. These may include muscle stiffness and high fever [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].
    Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus
    Patients should be aware of the symptoms of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and diabetes mellitus. Patients who are diagnosed with diabetes, those with risk factors for diabetes, or those that develop these symptoms during treatment should have their blood glucose monitored at the beginning of and periodically during treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
    Hyperlipidemia
    Patients should be advised that elevations in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides and decreases in HDL-cholesterol may occur. Patients should have their lipid profile monitored at the beginning of and periodically during treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
    Weight Gain
    Patients should be advised that they may experience weight gain. Patients should have their weight monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].
    Orthostatic Hypotension
    Patients should be advised of the risk of orthostatic hypotension (symptoms include feeling dizzy or lightheaded upon standing, which may lead to falls) especially during the period of initial dose titration, and also at times of re-initiating treatment or increases in dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].
    Increased Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents
    Blood pressure should be measured at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)].
    Leukopenia/Neutropenia
    Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should be advised that they should have their CBC monitored while taking SEROQUEL XR [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].
    Interference with Cognitive and Motor Performance
    Patients should be advised of the risk of somnolence or sedation (which may lead to falls), especially during the period of initial dose titration. Patients should be cautioned about performing any activity requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle (including automobiles) or operating machinery, until they are reasonably certain quetiapine therapy does not affect them adversely. Patients should limit consumption of alcohol during treatment with quetiapine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)].
    Heat Exposure and Dehydration
    Patients should be advised regarding appropriate care in avoiding overheating and dehydration [see Warnings and Precautions (5.18)].
    Concomitant Medication
    As with other medications, patients should be advised to notify their physicians if they are taking, or plan to take, any prescription or over-the-counter drugs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.21)].
    Pregnancy and Nursing
    Patients should be advised to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy. Patients should be advised not to breast feed if they are taking quetiapine [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1 and 8.3)].

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  • SPL MEDGUIDE

    17.2 MEDICATION GUIDE
    Medication Guide
    SEROQUEL XR (SER-oh-kwell)
    (quetiapine fumarate)
    Extended-Release Tablets
    Read this Medication Guide before you start taking SEROQUEL XR and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.
    What is the most important information I should know about SEROQUEL XR?
    Serious side effects may happen when you take SEROQUEL XR, including:
         Risk of death in the elderly with dementia: Medicines like SEROQUEL XR can raise the risk of death in elderly people who have lost touch with reality due to confusion and memory loss (dementia). SEROQUEL XR is not approved for treating psychosis in the elderly with dementia.
         Risk of suicidal thoughts or actions: Antidepressant medicines, depression and other serious mental illnesses, and suicidal thoughts or actions:
         Antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, and young adults within the first few months of treatment.
         Depression and other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts and actions. Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions. These include people who have (or have a family history of) depression, bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness), or suicidal thoughts or actions.
         How can I watch for and try to prevent suicidal thoughts and actions in myself or a family member?
         Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts, or feelings. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed.
         Call the healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings.
         Keep all follow-up visits with the healthcare provider as scheduled. Call the healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you have concerns about symptoms.
    Call a healthcare provider right away if you or your family member has any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:
         thoughts about suicide or dying
         attempts to commit suicide
         new or worse depression
         new or worse anxiety
         feeling very agitated or restless
         panic attacks
         trouble sleeping (insomnia)
         new or worse irritability
         acting aggressive, being angry, or violent
         acting on dangerous impulses
         an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania)
         other unusual changes in behavior or mood
    What else do I need to know about antidepressant medicines?
         Never stop an antidepressant medicine without first talking to your healthcare provider. Stopping an antidepressant medicine suddenly can cause other symptoms.
         Antidepressants are medicines used to treat depression and other illnesses. It is important to discuss all the risks of treating depression and also the risks of not treating it. Patients and their families or other caregivers should discuss all treatment choices with the healthcare provider, not just the use of antidepressants.
         Antidepressant medicines have other side effects. Talk to the healthcare provider about the side effects of the medicine prescribed for you or your family member.
         Antidepressant medicines can interact with other medicines. Know all of the medicines that you or your family member take. Keep a list of all medicines to show the healthcare provider. Do not start new medicines without first checking with your healthcare provider.
         Not all antidepressant medicines prescribed for children are FDA approved for use in children. Talk to your child's healthcare provider for more information.
    What is SEROQUEL XR?
         SEROQUEL XR is a prescription medicine used to treat schizophrenia in adults.
         SEROQUEL XR is a prescription medicine used to treat bipolar disorder in adults, including:
                   manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder alone or with lithium or divalproex.
                   depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder.
                   long-term treatment of bipolar I disorder with lithium or divalproex.
         SEROQUEL XR is a prescription medicine used to treat major depressive disorder as add-on treatment with antidepressant medicines when your doctor determines that one antidepressant alone is not enough to treat your depression.
    SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under 18 years of age.
    What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking SEROQUEL XR?
    Before taking SEROQUEL XR, tell your healthcare provider if you have or have had:
         diabetes or high blood sugar in you or your family: your healthcare provider should check your blood sugar before you start SEROQUEL XR and also during therapy.
         high levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides or LDL-cholesterol or low levels of HDL- cholesterol
         low or high blood pressure
         low white blood cell count
         cataracts
         seizures
         abnormal thyroid tests
         high prolactin levels
         heart problems
         liver problems
         any other medical condition
         pregnancy or plans to become pregnant. It is not known if SEROQUEL XR will harm your unborn baby.
         breast-feeding or plans to breast-feed. It is not known if SEROQUEL XR will pass into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take SEROQUEL XR or breast-feed. You should not do both.
    Tell the healthcare provider about all the medicines that you take or recently have taken including prescription medicines, non-prescription medicines, herbal supplements and vitamins.
    SEROQUEL XR and other medicines may affect each other causing serious side effects. SEROQUEL XR may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how SEROQUEL XR works.
    Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take or plan to take medicines for:
         depression
         high blood pressure
         Parkinson's disease
         trouble sleeping
    Also tell your healthcare provider if you take or plan to take any of these medicines:
         phenytoin, divalproex or carbamazepine (for epilepsy)
         barbiturates (to help you sleep)
         rifampin (for tuberculosis)
         glucocorticoids (steroids for inflammation)
         thioridazine (an antipsychotic)
         ketoconazole, fluconazole or itraconazole (for fungal infections)
         erythromycin (an antibiotic)
         protease inhibitors (for HIV)
    This is not a complete list of medicines that can affect or be affected by SEROQUEL XR. Your doctor can tell you if it is safe to take SEROQUEL XR with your other medicines. Do not start or stop any medicines while taking SEROQUEL XR without talking to your healthcare provider first. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
    Tell your healthcare provider if you are having a urine drug screen because SEROQUEL XR may affect your test results. Tell those giving the test that you are taking SEROQUEL XR.
    How should I take SEROQUEL XR?
         Take SEROQUEL XR exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it. Do not change the dose yourself.
         Take SEROQUEL XR by mouth, with a light meal or without food.
         SEROQUEL XR should be swallowed whole and not split, chewed or crushed.
         If you feel you need to stop SEROQUEL XR, talk with your healthcare provider first.
    If you suddenly stop taking SEROQUEL XR, you may experience side effects such as trouble sleeping or trouble staying asleep (insomnia), nausea, and vomiting.
         If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is close to the next dose, skip the missed dose. Just take the next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time unless your healthcare provider tells you to. If you are not sure about your dosing, call your healthcare provider.
         If you take too much SEROQUEL XR, call your healthcare provider or poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 right away or go to the nearest hospital emergency room.
    What should I avoid while taking SEROQUEL XR?
    Do not drive, operate machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how SEROQUEL XR affects you. SEROQUEL XR may make you drowsy.
         Avoid getting over-heated or dehydrated.
                   Do not over-exercise.
                   In hot weather, stay inside in a cool place if possible.
                   Stay out of the sun. Do not wear too much or heavy clothing.
                   Drink plenty of water.
         Do not drink alcohol while taking SEROQUEL XR. It may make some side effects of SEROQUEL XR worse.
    What are possible side effects of SEROQUEL XR?
    Serious side effects have been reported with SEROQUEL XR including:
    Also seeWhat is the most important information I should know about SEROQUEL XR?at the beginning of this Medication Guide.
         Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS): Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have some or all of the following symptoms: high fever, stiff muscles, confusion, sweating, changes in pulse, heart rate, and blood pressure. These may be symptoms of a rare and serious condition that can lead to death. Stop SEROQUEL XR and call your healthcare provider right away.
         High blood sugar (hyperglycemia): Increases in blood sugar can happen in some people who take SEROQUEL XR. Extremely high blood sugar can lead to coma or death. If you have diabetes or risk factors for diabetes (such as being overweight or a family history of diabetes) your healthcare provider should check your blood sugar before you start SEROQUEL XR and during therapy.
         Call your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms of high blood sugar while taking SEROQUEL XR:
                   feel very thirsty
                   need to urinate more than usual
                   feel very hungry
                   feel weak or tired
                   feel sick to your stomach
                   feel confused, or your breath smells fruity.
         High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood (fat in the blood) Increases in total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol and decreases in HDL (good) cholesterol have been reported in clinical trials with SEROQUEL XR. You may not have any symptoms, so your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels before you start taking SEROQUEL XR and during therapy.
         Increase in weight (weight gain): Weight gain has been seen in patients who take SEROQUEL XR so you and your healthcare provider should check your weight regularly.
         Tardive dyskinesia: Tell your healthcare provider about any movements you cannot control in your face, tongue, or other body parts. These may be signs of a serious condition. Tardive dyskinesia may not go away, even if you stop taking SEROQUEL XR. Tardive dyskinesia may also start after you stop taking SEROQUEL XR.
         Orthostatic hypotension (decreased blood pressure): lightheadedness or fainting caused by a sudden change in heart rate and blood pressure when rising too quickly from a sitting or lying position.
         Increases in blood pressure: reported in children and teenagers. Your healthcare provider should check blood pressure in children and adolescents before starting SEROQUEL XR and during therapy. SEROQUEL XR is not approved for patients under 18 years of age.
         Low white blood cell count
         Cataracts
         Seizures
         Abnormal thyroid tests: Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your thyroid hormone level.
         Increases in prolactin levels: Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your prolactin levels.
         Increases in liver enzymes: Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your liver enzyme levels.
         Long lasting and painful erection
         Difficulty swallowing
    Common possible side effects with SEROQUEL XR include:
         drowsiness
         dry mouth
         constipation
         dizziness
         increased appetite
         upset stomach
         weight gain
         fatigue
         disturbance in speech and language
         stuffy nose
    These are not all the possible side effects of SEROQUEL XR. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
    Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
    How should I store SEROQUEL XR?
         Store SEROQUEL XR at room temperature, between 59to 86(15to 30
         Keep SEROQUEL XR and all medicines out of the reach of children.
    General information about SEROQUEL XR
    Do not take SEROQUEL XR unless your healthcare provider has prescribed it for you for your condition. Do not share SEROQUEL XR with other people, even if they have the same condition. It may harm them.
    This Medication Guide provides a summary of important information about SEROQUEL XR. For more information about SEROQUEL XR, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist or call 1-800-236-9933. You can ask your healthcare provider for information about SEROQUEL XR that is written for health professionals.
    What are the ingredients in SEROQUEL XR?
    Active ingredient: quetiapine fumarate
    Inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium citrate, hypromellose, and magnesium stearate. The film coating for all SEROQUEL XR tablets contain hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400 and titanium dioxide. In addition, yellow iron oxide (50, 200 and 300 mg tablets) and red iron oxide (50 mg tablets) are included in the film coating of specific strengths.
    The symptoms of Schizophrenia include:
         Having lost touch with reality (psychosis)
         Seeing things that are not there or hearing voices (hallucinations)
         Believing things that are not true (delusions) and
         Being suspicious (paranoia).
    The symptoms of Bipolar Disorder include:
         General symptoms of bipolar disorder include extreme mood swings, along with other specific symptoms and behaviors. These mood swings, or "episodes," include manic (highs) and depressive (lows)
         Common symptoms of a manic episode include feeling extremely happy, being very irritable, restless, talking too fast and too much, and having more energy and needing less sleep than usual
         Common symptoms of a depressive episode include feelings of sadness or emptiness, increased tearfulness, a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed, loss of energy, difficulty concentrating or making decisions, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, changes in sleep or appetite.
         Thoughts of death or suicide.
    The symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) include:
         Feeling of sadness, emptiness and increased tearfulness
         Loss of interest in activities that you once enjoyed and loss of energy
         Problems focusing and making decisions
         Feeling of worthlessness or guilt
         Changes in sleep or eating patterns
         Thoughts of death or suicide
         MDD symptoms last most of the day, nearly every day for at least two weeks, and interfere with daily life at home and at work.
    This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
    SEROQUEL XR is a trademark of the AstraZeneca group of companies.
    2010
    Distributed by:
    AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP
    Wilmington, DE 19850
    SIC 3553705
    Rev. 1/2011

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  • INACTIVE INGREDIENT

    INACTIVE INGREDIENT
    LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE

    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE
    SODIUM CITRATE
    HYPROMELLOSES
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE
    WATER

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  • PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL SECTION

    DRUG: Seroquel
    GENERIC: Seroquel
    DOSAGE: TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE
    ADMINSTRATION: ORAL
    NDC: 49349-241-02
    STRENGTH:150 mg
    COLOR: white
    SHAPE: CAPSULE
    SCORE: No score
    SIZE: 17 mm
    IMPRINT: 30
    QTY: 30

    MM2


    MM3


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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    SEROQUEL  
    seroquel tablet, extended release
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:49349-241(NDC:0310-0281)
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    QUETIAPINE FUMARATE (QUETIAPINE ) QUETIAPINE FUMARATE 150 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    SODIUM CITRATE  
    HYPROMELLOSES  
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    WATER  
    Product Characteristics
    Color white Score no score
    Shape BULLET (TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE) Size 17mm
    Flavor Imprint Code XR;150
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:49349-241-02 30 in 1 BLISTER PACK
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022047 03/23/2011
    Labeler - REMEDYREPACK INC. (829572556)
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