Label: CEFUROXIME AXETIL- cefuroxime axetil tablet, film coated 

  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Abbreviated New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 02/12

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Rx Only

    To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP and other antibacterial drugs, Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.

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  • DESCRIPTION

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP contain cefuroxime as cefuroxime axetil. Cefuroxime Axetil is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic for oral administration.

    Chemically, cefuroxime axetil, the 1-(acetyloxy) ethyl ester of cefuroxime, is ( )-1-hydroxyethyl ( )-7-[2-(2-furyl) glyoxylamido]-3-(hydroxymethyl)-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo [4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylate,7 -( )-( -methyl-oxime),1-acetate 3-carbamate. Its molecular formula is C H N O S, and it has a molecular weight of 510.48. RS6R,7R2ZO2022410

    Cefuroxime axetil is in the amorphous form and has the following structural formula:

    Structure

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets are film-coated and contain the equivalent of 125, 250, or 500 mg of cefuroxime as cefuroxime axetil. Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets contain the inactive ingredients colloidal silicon dioxide, prosolv SMCC 50, sodium lauryl sulfate, croscarmellose sodium, hydrogenated castor oil, hypromellose, propylene glycol, titanium dioxide, dewaxed shellac powder, dibutyl sebacate and polysorbate 80.

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  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Absorption and Metabolism

    After oral administration, cefuroxime axetil is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and rapidly hydrolyzed by nonspecific esterases in the intestinal mucosa and blood to cefuroxime. Cefuroxime is subsequently distributed throughout the extracellular fluids. The axetil moiety is metabolized to acetaldehyde and acetic acid.

    Pharmacokinetics

    Approximately 50% of serum cefuroxime is bound to protein. Serum pharmacokinetic parameters for Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets is shown in Table 1.

    Table 1. Postprandial Pharmacokinetics of Cefuroxime Administered as Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets to Adults*

    * Mean values of 12 healthy adult volunteers.

    Drug administered immediately after a meal.

    Dose (Cefuroxime Equivalent)

    Peak Plasma Concentration (mcg/mL)


    Time of Peak Plasma Concentration (hr)


    Mean Elimination Half-Life (hr)


    AUC (mcg-hr mL)

    125 mg
    2.1
    2.2
    1.2
    6.7
    250 mg
    4.1
    2.5
    1.2
    12.9
    500 mg
    7
    3
    1.2
    27.4
    1,000 mg
    13.6
    2.5
    1.3
    50

    The area under the curve for the suspension averaged 91% of that for the tablet, and the peak plasma concentration for the suspension averaged 71% of the peak plasma concentration of the tablets. Therefore, the safety and effectiveness of both the tablet and oral suspension formulations had to be established in separate clinical trials. Comparative Pharmacokinetic Properties: Cefuroxime Axetil for Oral Suspension was not bioequivalent to Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets when tested in healthy adults. The tablet and powder for oral suspension formulations are NOT substitutable on a milligram-per-milligram basis.

    Food Effect on Pharmacokinetics

    Absorption of the tablet is greater when taken after food (absolute bioavailability of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets increases from 37% to 52%). Despite this difference in absorption, the clinical and bacteriologic responses of patients were independent of food intake at the time of tablet administration in 2 studies where this was assessed.

    Renal Excretion

    Cefuroxime is excreted unchanged in the urine; in adults, approximately 50% of the administered dose is recovered in the urine within 12 hours. The pharmacokinetics of cefuroxime in the urine of pediatric patients have not been studied at this time. Until further data are available, the renal pharmacokinetic properties of cefuroxime axetil established in adults should not be extrapolated to pediatric patients.

    Because cefuroxime is renally excreted, the serum half-life is prolonged in patients with reduced renal function. In a study of 20 elderly patients (mean age = 83.9 years) having a mean creatinine clearance of 34.9 mL/min, the mean serum elimination half-life was 3.5 hours. Despite the lower elimination of cefuroxime in geriatric patients, dosage adjustment based on age is not necessary (see ). PRECAUTIONS: Geriatric Use

    Microbiology

    The bactericidal activity of cefuroxime axetil is due to cefuroxime's binding to essential target proteins and the resultant inhibition of cell-wall synthesis. in vivo

    Cefuroxime has bactericidal activity against a wide range of common pathogens, including many beta-lactamase-producing strains. Cefuroxime is stable to many bacterial beta-lactamases, especially plasmid-mediated enzymes that are commonly found in enterobacteriaceae.

    Cefuroxime has been demonstrated to be active against most strains of the following microorganisms both and in clinical infections as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section (see section). in vitroINDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Aerobic Gram-Positive Microorganisms:

    (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) Staphylococcus aureus

    Streptococcus pneumoniae

    Streptococcus pyogenes

    Aerobic Gram-Negative Microorganisms:

    Escherichia coli

    (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) Haemophilus influenzae

    Haemophilus parainfluenzae

    Klebsiella pneumoniae

    (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) Moraxella catarrhalis

    (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    Spirochetes:

    Borrelia burgdorferi

    Cefuroxime has been shown to be active against most strains of the following microorganisms; however, the clinical significance of these findings is unknown. in vitro

    Cefuroxime exhibits minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 4 mcg/mL or less (systemic susceptible breakpoint) against most (≥ 90%) strains of the following microorganisms; however, the safety and effectiveness of cefuroxime in treating clinical infections due to these microorganisms have not been established in adequate and well-controlled trials. in vitro

    Aerobic Gram-Positive Microorganisms:

    Staphylococcus epidermidis

    Staphylococcus saprophyticus

    Streptococcus agalactiae

    NOTE: and certain strains of enterococci, e.g., (formerly ), are resistant to cefuroxime. Methicillin-resistant staphylococci are resistant to cefuroxime. Listeria monocytogenesEnterococcus faecalisStreptococcus faecalis

    Aerobic Gram-Negative Microorganisms:

    Morganella morganii

    Proteus inconstans

    Proteus mirabilis

    Providencia rettgeri

    NOTE: spp., spp., spp., and most strains of spp. and are resistant to most first- and second-generation cephalosporins. Some strains of and spp. have been shown by tests to be resistant to cefuroxime and other cephalosporins.       PseudomonasCampylobacterAcinetobacter calcoaceticus, LegionellaSerratiaProteus vulgarisMorganella morganii, Enterobacter cloacae,Citrobacterin vitro

    Anaerobic Microorganisms:

    Peptococcus niger

    NOTE: Most strains of and are resistant to cefuroxime. Clostridium difficileBacteroides fragilis

    Susceptibility Tests

    Quantitative methods that are used to determine MICs provide reproducible estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. One such standardized procedure uses a standardized dilution method1 (broth, agar, or microdilution) or equivalent with cefuroxime powder. The MIC values obtained should be interpreted according to the following criteria: Dilution Techniques:

    MIC (mcg/mL)
    Interpretation
    ≤ 4
    (S) Susceptible
    8 - 16
    (I) Intermediate
    ≥ 32
    (R) Resistant

    A report of "Susceptible" indicates that the pathogen, if in the blood, is likely to be inhibited by usually achievable concentrations of the antimicrobial compound in blood. A report of "Intermediate" indicates that inhibitory concentrations of the antibiotic may be achieved if high dosage is used or if the infection is confined to tissues or fluids in which high antibiotic concentrations are attained. This category also provides a buffer zone that prevents small, uncontrolled technical factors from causing major discrepancies in interpretation. A report of "Resistant" indicates that usually achievable concentrations of the antimicrobial compound in the blood are unlikely to be inhibitory and that other therapy should be selected.

    Standardized susceptibility test procedures require the use of laboratory control microorganisms. Standard cefuroxime powder should give the following MIC values:

    Microorganism
    MIC (mcg/mL)
    ATCC 25922 Escherichia coli 
    2-8
    ATCC 29213 Staphylococcus aureus 
    0.5-2

    Quantitative methods that require measurement of zone diameters provide estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. One such standardized procedure that has been recommended (for use with disks) to test the susceptibility of microorganisms to cefuroxime uses the 30-mcg cefuroxime disk. Interpretation involves correlation of the diameter obtained in the disk test with the MIC for cefuroxime. Diffusion Techniques:2

    Reports from the laboratory providing results of the standard single-disk susceptibility test with a 30-mcg cefuroxime disk should be interpreted according to the following criteria:

    Zone Diameter (mm)
    Interpretation
    ≤ 23
    (S) Susceptible
    15 – 22
    (I) Intermediate
    ≥ 14
    (R) Resistant

    Interpretation should be as stated above for results using dilution techniques.

    As with standard dilution techniques, diffusion methods require the use of laboratory control microorganisms. The 30-mcg cefuroxime disk provides the following zone diameters in these laboratory test quality control strains:

    Microorganism
    Zone Diameter (mm)
    ATCC 25922 Escherichia coli 
    20-26
    ATCC 25923 Staphylococcus aureus 
    27-35
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  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    NOTE: CEFUROXIME AXETIL TABLETS AND CEFUROXIME AXETIL FOR ORAL SUSPENSION ARE NOT BIOEQUIVALENT AND ARE NOT SUBSTITUTABLE ON A MILLIGRAM-PER-MILLIGRAM BASIS (SEE ). CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets are indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below: Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets:

    caused by 1.   Pharyngitis/TonsillitisStreptococcus pyogenes.

    : The usual drug of choice in the treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever, is penicillin given by the intramuscular route. Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets are generally effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx; however, substantial data establishing the efficacy of cefuroxime in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever are not available. Please also note that in all clinical trials, all isolates had to be sensitive to both penicillin and cefuroxime. There are no data from adequate and well-controlled trials to demonstrate the effectiveness of cefuroxime in the treatment of penicillin-resistant strains of .      NOTEStreptococcus pyogenes

    caused by (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), or             2.   Acute Bacterial Otitis MediaStreptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzaeMoraxella catarrhalisStreptococcus pyogenes.

    caused by or (non-beta-lactamase-producing strains only). (See section.) 3.   Acute Bacterial Maxillary SinusitisStreptococcus pneumoniaeHaemophilus influenzaeCLINICAL STUDIES

    In view of the insufficient numbers of isolates of beta-lactamase-producing strains of and that were obtained from clinical trials with Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets for patients with acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis, it was not possible to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets for sinus infections known, suspected, or considered potentially to be caused by beta-lactamase-producing or Moraxella catarrhalis.      NOTE:Haemophilus influenzaeMoraxella catarrhalisHaemophilus influenzae

    caused by (beta-lactamase negative strains), or (beta-lactamase negative strains). (See section and section.) 4.   Acute Bacterial Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis and Secondary Bacterial Infections of Acute BronchitisStreptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzaeHaemophilus parainfluenzaeDOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATIONCLINICAL STUDIES

    caused by (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) or 5.   Uncomplicated Skin and Skin-Structure InfectionsStaphylococcus aureusStreptococcus pyogenes.

    caused by or . 6.   Uncomplicated Urinary Tract InfectionsEscherichia coliKlebsiella pneumoniae

    , caused by penicillinase-producing and non-penicillinase- producing strains of and uncomplicated gonorrhea, rectal, in females, caused by non-penicillinase- producing strains of .            7.   Uncomplicated Gonorrhea, urethral and endocervicalNeisseria gonorrhoeaeNeisseria gonorrhoeae

    caused by . 8.   Early Lyme Disease (erythema migrans)Borrelia burgdorferi

    To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP and other antibacterial drugs, Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets are contraindicated in patients with known allergy to the cephalosporin group of antibiotics.

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  • WARNINGS

    CEFUROXIME AXETIL TABLETS AND CEFUROXIME AXETIL FOR ORAL SUSPENSION ARE NOT BIOEQUIVALENT AND ARE THEREFORE NOT SUBSTITUTABLE ON A MILLIGRAM-PER-MILLIGRAM BASIS (SEE ). CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    BEFORE THERAPY WITH CEFUROXIME AXETIL PRODUCTS IS INSTITUTED, CAREFUL INQUIRY SHOULD BE MADE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE PATIENT HAS HAD PREVIOUS HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS TO CEFUROXIME AXETIL PRODUCTS, OTHER CEPHALOSPORINS, PENICILLINS, OR OTHER DRUGS. IF THIS PRODUCT IS TO BE GIVEN TO PENICILLIN-SENSITIVE PATIENTS, CAUTION SHOULD BE EXERCISED BECAUSE CROSS-HYPERSENSITIVITY AMONG BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS HAS BEEN CLEARLY DOCUMENTED AND MAY OCCUR IN UP TO 10% OF PATIENTS WITH A HISTORY OF PENICILLIN ALLERGY. IF A CLINICALLY SIGNIFICANT ALLERGIC REACTION TO CEFUROXIME AXETIL PRODUCTS OCCURS, DISCONTINUE THE DRUG AND INSTITUTE APPROPRIATE THERAPY. SERIOUS ACUTE HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS MAY REQUIRE TREATMENT WITH EPINEPHRINE AND OTHER EMERGENCY MEASURES, INCLUDING OXYGEN, INTRAVENOUS FLUIDS, INTRAVENOUS ANTIHISTAMINES, CORTICOSTEROIDS, PRESSOR AMINES, AND AIRWAY MANAGEMENT, AS CLINICALLY INDICATED.

    associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents, including Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of . Clostridium difficileC. difficile

    produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents. C. difficileC. difficile

    If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of , and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated. C. DifficileC. difficile

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  • PRECAUTIONS

    General

    As with other broad-spectrum antibiotics, prolonged administration of cefuroxime axetil may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible microorganisms. If superinfection occurs during therapy, appropriate measures should be taken.

    Cephalosporins, including cefuroxime axetil, should be given with caution to patients receiving concurrent treatment with potent diuretics because these diuretics are suspected of adversely affecting renal function.

    Cefuroxime axetil, as with other broad-spectrum antibiotics, should be prescribed with caution in individuals with a history of colitis. The safety and effectiveness of cefuroxime axetil have not been established in patients with gastrointestinal malabsorption. Patients with gastrointestinal malabsorption were excluded from participating in clinical trials of cefuroxime axetil.

    Cephalosporins may be associated with a fall in prothrombin activity. Those at risk include patients with renal or hepatic impairment or poor nutritional state, as well as patients receiving a protracted course of antimicrobial therapy, and patients previously stabilized on anticoagulant therapy. Prothrombin time should be monitored in patients at risk and exogenous Vitamin K administered as indicated.

    Prescribing Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection or a prophylactic indication is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

    Diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibiotics which usually ends when the antibiotic is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibiotics, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as 2 or more months after having taken the last dose of the antibiotic. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible.

    Information for Patients/Caregivers (Pediatric):

    1. During clinical trials, the tablet was tolerated by pediatric patients old enough to swallow the cefuroxime axetil tablet whole. The crushed tablet has a strong, persistent, bitter taste and should not be administered to pediatric patients in this manner. Pediatric patients who cannot swallow the tablet whole should receive the oral suspension.
    2. Discontinuation of therapy due to taste and/or problems of administering this drug occurred in 1.4% of pediatric patients given the oral suspension. Complaints about taste (which may impair compliance) occurred in 5% of pediatric patients.
    3. Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets, USP or other antibacterial drugs in the future.

    Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

    A false-positive reaction for glucose in the urine may occur with copper reduction tests (Benedict's or Fehling's solution or with CLINITEST tablets), but not with enzyme-based tests for glycosuria (e.g., CLINISTIX ). As a false-negative result may occur in the ferricyanide test, it is recommended that either the glucose oxidase or hexokinase method be used to determine blood/plasma glucose levels in patients receiving cefuroxime axetil. The presence of cefuroxime does not interfere with the assay of serum and urine creatinine by the alkaline picrate method. ®®

    Drug/Drug Interactions

    Concomitant administration of probenecid with cefuroxime axetil tablets increases the area under the serum concentration versus time curve by 50%. The peak serum cefuroxime concentration after a 1.5-g single dose is greater when taken with 1 g of probenecid (mean = 14.8 mcg/mL) than without probenecid (mean = 12.2 mcg/mL).

    Drugs that reduce gastric acidity may result in a lower bioavailability of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets compared with that of fasting state and tend to cancel the effect of postprandial absorption.

    In common with other antibiotics, cefuroxime axetil may affect the gut flora, leading to lower estrogen reabsorption and reduced efficacy of combined oral estrogen/progesterone contraceptives.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Although lifetime studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, no mutagenic activity was found for cefuroxime axetil in a battery of bacterial mutation tests. Positive results were obtained in an chromosome aberration assay, however, negative results were found in an micronucleus test at doses up to 1.5 g/kg. Reproduction studies in rats at doses up to 1,000 mg/kg per day (9 times the recommended maximum human dose based on mg/m ) have revealed no impairment of fertility. in vitroin vivo2

    Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category B. Reproduction studies have been performed in mice at doses up to 3,200 mg/kg per day (14 times the recommended maximum human dose based on mg/m ) and in rats at doses up to 1,000 mg/kg per day (9 times the recommended maximum human dose based on mg/m ) and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to cefuroxime axetil. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Teratogenic Effects:22

    Labor and Delivery

    Cefuroxime axetil has not been studied for use during labor and delivery.

    Nursing Mothers

    Because cefuroxime is excreted in human milk, consideration should be given to discontinuing nursing temporarily during treatment with cefuroxime axetil.

    Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets have been established for pediatric patients aged 3 months to 12 years for acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis based upon its approval in adults. Use of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets in pediatric patients is supported by pharmacokinetic and safety data in adults and pediatric patients, and by clinical and microbiological data from adequate and well-controlled studies of the treatment of acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis in adults and of acute otitis media with effusion in pediatric patients. It is also supported by post-marketing adverse events surveillance (see , , , , and ). CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGYINDICATIONS AND USAGEADVERSE REACTIONSDOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATIONCLINICAL STUDIES

    Geriatric Use

    Of the total number of subjects who received cefuroxime axetil in 20 clinical studies of cefuroxime axetil, 375 were 65 and over while 151 were 75 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger adult subjects. The geriatric patients reported somewhat fewer gastrointestinal events and less frequent vaginal candidiasis compared with patients aged 12 to 64 years old; however, no clinically significant differences were reported between the elderly and younger adult patients. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger adult patients.

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  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Using multiple doses of cefuroxime axetil tablets, 912 patients were treated with cefuroxime axetil (125 to 500 mg twice daily). There were no deaths or permanent disabilities thought related to drug toxicity. Twenty (2.2%) patients discontinued medication due to adverse events thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to drug toxicity. Seventeen (85%) of the 20 patients who discontinued therapy did so because of gastrointestinal disturbances, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The percentage of cefuroxime axetil tablet-treated patients who discontinued study drug because of adverse events was very similar at daily doses of 1,000, 500, and 250 mg (2.3%, 2.1%, and 2.2%, respectively). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events increased with the higher recommended doses. CEFUROXIME AXETIL TABLETS IN CLINICAL TRIALS: Multiple-Dose Dosing Regimens:7 to 10 Days Dosing:

    The following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to cefuroxime axetil tablets in multiple-dose clinical trials (n = 912 cefuroxime axetil-treated patients).

    Table 2. Adverse Reactions-Cefuroxime Axetil TabletsMultiple-Dose Dosing Regimens-Clinical Trials
    Incidence ≥ 1%
    Diarrhea/loose stools  Nausea/vomiting  Transient elevation in AST  Transient elevation in ALT  Eosinophilia  Transient elevation in LDH 





    3.7% 3% 2% 1.6% 1.1% 1%





    Incidence < 1% but > 0.1%
    Abdominal pain Abdominal cramps Flatulence Indigestion Headache Vaginitis Vulvar itch Rash Hives Itch Dysuria Chills Chest Pain Shortness of breath Mouth ulcers Swollen tongue Sleepiness Thirst Anorexia Positive Coombs test




















    In clinical trials using Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets in a dose of 250 mg twice daily in the treatment of secondary bacterial infections of acute bronchitis, 399 patients were treated for 5 days and 402 patients were treated for 10 days. No difference in the occurrence of adverse events was found between the 2 regimens. 5-Day Experience (seeCLINICAL STUDIESsection):

    Two multicenter trials assessed cefuroxime axetil tablets 500 mg twice a day for 20 days. The most common drug-related adverse experiences were diarrhea (10.6% of patients), Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (5.6%), and vaginitis (5.4%). Other adverse experiences occurred with frequencies comparable to those reported with 7 to 10 days dosing. In Clinical Trials for Early Lyme Disease With 20 Days Dosing:

    In clinical trials using a single dose of cefuroxime axetil tablets, 1061 patients were treated with the recommended dosage of cefuroxime axetil (1,000 mg) for the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea. There were no deaths or permanent disabilities thought related to drug toxicity in these studies. Single-Dose Regimen for Uncomplicated Gonorrhea:

    The following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to cefuroxime axetil in 1,000-mg single-dose clinical trials of cefuroxime axetil tablets in the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea conducted in the United States.

    Table 3. Adverse Reactions-Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets1-g Single-Dose Regimen for Uncomplicated-Gonorrhea Clinical Trials
    Incidence ≥ 1%
    Nausea/vomiting  Diarrhea 

    6.8% 4.2%

    Incidence < 1% but > 0.1%
    Abdominal pain Dyspepsia Erythema Rash Pruritus Vaginal candidiasis Vaginal itch Vaginal discharge Headache Dizziness Somnolence Muscle cramps Muscle stiffness Muscle spasm of neck Tightness/pain in chest Bleeding/pain in urethra Kidney pain Tachycardia Lockjaw-type reaction



















    Postmarketing Experience With Cefuroxime Axetil Products

    In addition to adverse event reported during clinical trials, the following events have been identified during clinical practice in patients treated with cefuroxime axetil tablets and were reported spontaneously. Data are generally insufficient to allow an estimate of incidence or to establish causation.

    The following hypersensitivity reactions have been reported: anaphylaxis, angioedema, pruritus, rash, serum sickness-like reaction, urticaria. General:

    Pseudomembranous colitis (see ). Gastrointestinal:WARNINGS

    Hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia, and increased prothrombin time. Hematologic:

    Hepatic impairment including hepatitis and cholestasis, jaundice. Hepatic:

    Seizure. Neurologic:

    Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis. Skin:

    Renal dysfunction. Urologic:

    CEPHALOSPORIN-CLASS ADVERSE REACTIONS

    In addition to the adverse reactions listed above that have been observed in patients treated with cefuroxime axetil, the following adverse reactions and altered laboratory tests have been reported for cephalosporin-class antibiotics: toxic nephropathy, aplastic anemia, hemorrhage, increased BUN, increased creatinine, false-positive test for urinary glucose, increased alkaline phosphatase, neutropenia, elevated bilirubin and agranulocytosis.

    Several cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures, particularly in patients with renal impairment when the dosage was not reduced (see and ). If seizures associated with drug therapy occur, the drug should be discontinued. Anticonvulsant therapy can be given if clinically indicated. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATIONOVERDOSAGE

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  • OVERDOSAGE

    Overdosage of cephalosporins can cause cerebral irritation leading to convulsions. Serum levels of cefuroxime can be reduced by hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

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  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    NOTE: CEFUROXIME AXETIL TABLETS AND CEFUROXIME AXETIL FOR ORAL SUSPENSION ARE NOT BIOEQUIVALENT AND ARE NOT SUBSTITUTABLE ON A MILLIGRAM-PER-MILLIGRAM BASIS (SEE ). CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Table 4. Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets(May be administered without regard to meals.)

    *The safety and effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets administered for less than 10 days in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis have not been established.

    Population/Infection
    Dosage
    Duration (days)
    Adolescents and Adults (13 years and older)
    Pharyngitis/tonsillitis Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis  Secondary bacterial infections of acute bronchitis  Uncomplicated skin and skin-structure infections  Uncomplicated urinary tract infections Uncomplicated gonorrhea  Early Lyme disease







    250 mg b.i.d. 250 mg b.i.d. 250 or 500 mg b.i.d. 250 or 500 mg b.i.d. 250 or 500 mg b.i.d. 125 or 250 mg b.i.d. 1,000 mg once 500 mg b.i.d.







    10 10 10* 5-10 10 7-10 single dose 20







    Pediatric Patients (who can swallow tablets whole)
    Acute otitis media  Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis

    250 mg b.i.d. 250 mg b.i.d.

    10 10

    Patients with Renal Failure

    The safety and efficacy of cefuroxime axetil in patients with renal failure have not been established. Since cefuroxime is renally eliminated, its half-life will be prolonged in patients with renal failure.

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  • HOW SUPPLIED

    NDC:50436-5022-1 in a BOTTLE of 20 TABLET, FILM COATEDS

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  • CLINICAL STUDIES

    One adequate and well-controlled study was performed in patients with acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis. In this study each patient had a maxillary sinus aspirate collected by sinus puncture before treatment was initiated for presumptive acute bacterial sinusitis. All patients had to have radiographic and clinical evidence of acute maxillary sinusitis. As shown in the following summary of the study, the general clinical effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets was comparable to an oral antimicrobial agent that contained a specific beta-lactamase inhibitor in treating acute maxillary sinusitis. However, sufficient microbiology data were obtained to demonstrate the effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets in treating acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis due only to or non-beta-lactamase-producing . An insufficient number of beta-lactamase-producing and isolates were obtained in this trial to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets in the treatment of acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis due to these 2 organisms. Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets:Acute Bacterial Maxillary Sinusitis:Streptococcus pneumoniaeHaemophilus influenzaeHaemophilus influenzaeMoraxella catarrhalis

    This study enrolled 317 adult patients, 132 patients in the United States and 185 patients in South America. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to cefuroxime axetil 250 mg twice daily or an oral antimicrobial agent that contained a specific beta-lactamase inhibitor. An intent-to-treat analysis of the submitted clinical data yielded the following results:

    Table 5. Clinical Effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets Comparedto Beta-Lactamase Inhibitor-Containing Control Drug in the Treatmentof Acute Bacterial Maxillary Sinusitis

    * 95% Confidence interval around the success difference [-0.08, +0.32].

    95% Confidence interval around the success difference [-0.10, +0.16].


    US Patients*
    South American Patients


    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets  (n = 49)


    Control (n = 43)

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets (n = 87)


    Control (n = 89)

    Clinical success (cure + improvement) 

    65%
    53%
    77%
    74%
    Clinical cure
    53%
    44%
    72%
    64%
    Clinical improvement
    12%
    9%
    5%
    10%

    In this trial and in a supporting maxillary puncture trial, 15 evaluable patients had non-beta-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae as the identified pathogen. Ten (10) of these 15 patients (67%) had their pathogen (non-beta-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae) eradicated. Eighteen (18) evaluable patients had Streptococcus pneumoniae as the identified pathogen. Fifteen (15) of these 18 patients (83%) had their pathogen (Streptococcus pneumoniae) eradicated.

    The incidence of drug-related gastrointestinal adverse events was statistically significantly higher in the control arm (an oral antimicrobial agent that contained a specific beta-lactamase inhibitor) versus the cefuroxime axetil arm (12% versus 1%, respectively; P<.001), particularly drug-related diarrhea (8% versus 1%, respectively; P = .001). Safety:

    Two adequate and well-controlled studies were performed in patients with early Lyme disease. In these studies all patients had to present with physician-documented erythema migrans, with or without systemic manifestations of infection. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to a 20-day course of treatment with cefuroxime axetil 500 mg twice daily or doxycycline 100 mg 3 times daily. Patients were assessed at 1 month posttreatment for success in treating early Lyme disease (Part I) and at 1 year posttreatment for success in preventing the progression to the sequelae of late Lyme disease (Part II). Early Lyme Disease:

    A total of 355 adult patients (181 treated with cefuroxime axetil and 174 treated with doxycycline) were enrolled in the 2 studies. In order to objectively validate the clinical diagnosis of early Lyme disease in these patients, 2 approaches were used: 1) blinded expert reading of photographs, when available, of the pretreatment erythema migrans skin lesion; and 2) serologic confirmation (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and immunoblot assay ["Western" blot]) of the presence of antibodies specific to Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease. By these procedures, it was possible to confirm the physician diagnosis of early Lyme disease in 281 (79%) of the 355 study patients. The efficacy data summarized below are specific to this "validated" patient subset, while the safety data summarized below reflect the entire patient population for the 2 studies.

    Analysis of the submitted clinical data for evaluable patients in the "validated" patient subset yielded the following results:

    Table 6. Clinical Effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets Comparedto Doxycycline in the Treatment of Early Lyme Disease

    * 95% confidence interval around the satisfactory difference for Part I (-0.08, +0.05).

    95% confidence interval around the satisfactory difference for Part II (-0.13, +0.07).

    n's include patients assessed as unsatisfactory clinical outcomes (failure + recurrence) in

    Part I (Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets - 11 [5 failure, 6 recurrence]; doxycycline – 8

    [6 failure, 2 recurrence]).

    Satisfactory clinical outcome includes cure + improvement (Part I) and success + §

    improvement (Part II).


    Part I (1 Month Post treatment)*

    Part II (1 Year Post treatment)


    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets (n = 125)


    Doxycycline (n = 108)

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets (n = 105 )


    Doxycycline (n = 83 )

    Satisfactory clinical outcome
    §
    91%
    93%
    84%
    87%
    Clinical cure/success 
    72%
    73%
    73%
    73%
    Clinical improvement
    19%
    19%
    10%
    13%

    Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets and doxycycline were effective in prevention of the development of sequelae of late Lyme disease.

    Drug-related adverse events affecting the skin were reported significantly more frequently by patients treated with doxycycline than by patients treated with cefuroxime axetil (12% versus 3%, respectively; P = .002), primarily reflecting the statistically significantly higher incidence of drug-related photosensitivity reactions in the doxycycline arm versus the cefuroxime axetil arm (9% versus 0%, respectively; P<.001). While the incidence of drug-related gastrointestinal adverse events was similar in the 2 treatment groups (cefuroxime axetil - 13%; doxycycline - 11%), the incidence of drug-related diarrhea was statistically significantly higher in the cefuroxime axetil arm versus the doxycycline arm (11% versus 3%, respectively; P = .005). Safety:

    Four randomized, controlled clinical studies were performed comparing 5 days versus 10 days of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets for the treatment of patients with secondary bacterial infections of acute bronchitis. These studies enrolled a total of 1253 patients (CAE-516 n = 360; CAE-517 n = 177; CAEA4001 n = 362; CAEA4002 n = 354). The protocols for CAE-516 and CAE-517 were identical and compared Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets 250 mg twice daily for 5 days, Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets 250 mg twice daily for 10 days, and AUGMENTIN 500 mg 3 times daily for 10 days. These 2 studies were conducted simultaneously. CAEA4001 and CAEA4002 compared Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets 250 mg twice daily for 5 days, Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets 250 mg twice daily for 10 days, and CECLOR 250 mg 3 times daily for 10 days. They were otherwise identical to CAE-516 and CAE-517 and were conducted over the following 2 years. Patients were required to have polymorphonuclear cells present on the Gram stain of their screening sputum specimen, but isolation of a bacterial pathogen from the sputum culture was not required for inclusion. The following table demonstrates the results of the clinical outcome analysis of the pooled studies CAE-516/CAE-517 and CAEA4001/CAEA4002, respectively: Secondary Bacterial Infections of Acute Bronchitis:®®

    Table 7. Clinical Effectiveness of Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets 250 mg twice daily inSecondary Bacterial Infections of Acute Bronchitis: Comparison of 5 Versus 10Days' Treatment Duration

    * 95% Confidence interval around the success difference [-0.164, +0.029].

    95% Confidence interval around the success difference [-0.061, +0.103].


    CAE-516 and CAE-517*
    CAEA4001 and CAEA4002

    5 Day (n = 127)

    10 Day (n = 139)

    5 Day (n = 173)

    10 Day (n = 192)

    Clinical success (cure + improvement) 

    80%
    87%
    84%
    82%
    Clinical cure
    61%
    70%
    73%
    72%
    Clinical improvement
    19%
    17%
    11%
    10%

    The response rates for patients who were both clinically and bacteriologically evaluable were consistent with those reported for the clinically evaluable patients.

    In these clinical trials, 399 patients were treated with Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets for 5 days and 402 patients with Cefuroxime Axetil Tablets for 10 days. No difference in the occurrence of adverse events was observed between the 2 regimens. Safety:

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  • REFERENCES

    1. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. 3rd ed. Approved Standard NCCLS Document M7-A3, Vol. 13, No. 25. Villanova, Pa: NCCLS; 1993.            Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically.
    2. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. . 4th ed. Approved Standard NCCLS Document M2-A4, Vol. 10, No. 7. Villanova, Pa: NCCLS; 1990.            Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Tests
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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Manufactured by:

    Wockhardt Limited,

    Mumbai, India.

    Distributed by:

    Wockhardt USA LLC.

    20 Waterview Blvd.

    Parsippany, NJ 07054

    USA.

    CLINITEST and CLINISTIX are registered trademarks of Ames Division, Miles Laboratories, Inc.

    Rev. 170809

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  • CEFUROXIME AXETIL TABLET, FILM COATED
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    CEFUROXIME AXETIL 
    cefuroxime axetil tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:50436-5022(NDC:64679-922)
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    CEFUROXIME AXETIL (CEFUROXIME) CEFUROXIME 500 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM  
    DIBUTYL SEBACATE  
    HYDROGENATED CASTOR OIL  
    HYPROMELLOSES  
    POLYSORBATE 80  
    PROPYLENE GLYCOL  
    SHELLAC  
    SILICON DIOXIDE  
    SMCC  
    SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE (white) Score no score
    Shape CAPSULE (capsule) Size 20mm
    Flavor Imprint Code W;922
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:50436-5022-1 20 in 1 BOTTLE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    ANDA ANDA065166 07/29/2005
    Labeler - Unit Dose Services (831995316)
    Registrant - Unit Dose Services (831995316)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Unit Dose Services 831995316 REPACK(50436-5022)
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