Label: PROMACTA- eltrombopag olamine tablet, film coated

  • NDC Code(s): 0007-4640-13, 0007-4641-13, 0007-4641-61, 0007-4642-13, view more
    0007-4643-13, 0007-4646-13
  • Packager: GlaxoSmithKline LLC
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 08/14

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  • BOXED WARNING(What is this?)

    WARNING: RISK FOR HEPATIC DECOMPENSATION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C

    In patients with chronic hepatitis C, PROMACTA® in combination with interferon and ribavirin may increase the risk of hepatic decompensation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use PROMACTA safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for PROMACTA.
    PROMACTA (eltrombopag) tablets, for oral use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2008

    WARNING: RISK FOR HEPATIC DECOMPENSATION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C

    See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

    In patients with chronic hepatitis C, PROMACTA in combination with interferon and ribavirin may increase the risk of hepatic decompensation. (5.1)

    RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

    Boxed Warning

    02/2014

    Indications and Usage, Treatment of Severe Aplastic Anemia (1.3)

    08/2014

    Indications and Usage, Limitations of Use (1.4)

    04/2014

    Dosage and Administration, Severe Aplastic Anemia (2.3)

    08/2014

    Warnings and Precautions, Hepatic Decompensation in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C (5.1)

    02/2014

    Warnings and Precautions, Hepatotoxicity (5.2)

    02/2014

    Warnings and Precautions, Bone Marrow Reticulin Formation removal (formerly 5.3)

    02/2014

    Warnings and Precautions, Laboratory Monitoring removal (formerly 5.5)

    02/2014

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    PROMACTA is a thrombopoietin receptor agonist indicated for the treatment of:

    thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenia (ITP) who have had an insufficient response to corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, or splenectomy. ( 1.1)
    thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic hepatitis C to allow the initiation and maintenance of interferon-based therapy. ( 1.2)
    patients with severe aplastic anemia who have had an insufficient response to immunosuppressive therapy. ( 1.3)

    Limitations of Use:

    PROMACTA should be used only in patients with ITP whose degree of thrombocytopenia and clinical condition increase the risk for bleeding. ( 1.4)
    PROMACTA should be used only in patients with chronic hepatitis C whose degree of thrombocytopenia prevents the initiation of interferon-based therapy or limits the ability to maintain interferon-based therapy. ( 1.4)
    Safety and efficacy have not been established in combination with direct-acting antiviral agents used without interferon for treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection. ( 1.4)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Take on an empty stomach (1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal). (2.4)
    Allow a 4-hour interval between PROMACTA and other medications, foods, or supplements containing polyvalent cations (e.g., iron, calcium, aluminum, magnesium, selenium, and zinc). (2.4)
    Chronic ITP: Initiate PROMACTA at 50 mg once daily for most patients. Reduce initial dose in patients with hepatic impairment and/or patients of East Asian ancestry. Adjust to maintain platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L. Do not exceed 75 mg per day. (2.1)
    Chronic Hepatitis C-associated Thrombocytopenia: Initiate PROMACTA at 25 mg once daily for all patients. Adjust to achieve target platelet count required to initiate antiviral therapy. Do not exceed a daily dose of 100 mg. (2.2)
    Severe Aplastic Anemia: Initiate PROMACTA at 50 mg once daily for most patients. Reduce initial dose in patients with hepatic impairment or patients of East Asian ancestry. Adjust to maintain platelet count greater than 50 x 10 9/L. Do not exceed 150 mg per day. (2.3)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    12.5-mg, 25-mg, 50-mg, 75-mg, and 100-mg tablets. (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None. (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    Hepatic Decompensation in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C. ( 5.1)
    Hepatotoxicity: Monitor liver function before and during therapy. ( 5.2)
    Thrombotic/Thromboembolic Complications: Portal vein thrombosis has been reported in patients with chronic liver disease receiving PROMACTA. Monitor platelet counts regularly. ( 5.3)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common adverse reactions in ITP patients (greater than or equal to 3% and greater than placebo) were: nausea, diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infection, vomiting, increased ALT, myalgia, urinary tract infection, oropharyngeal pain, increased AST, pharyngitis, back pain, influenza, paresthesia, and rash. ( 6.1)
    The most common adverse reactions in thrombocytopenic patients with chronic hepatitis C (greater than or equal to 10% and greater than placebo) were: anemia, pyrexia, fatigue, headache, nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, influenza-like illness, asthenia, insomnia, cough, pruritus, chills, myalgia, alopecia, and peripheral edema. ( 6.1)
    The most common adverse reactions in patients with severe aplastic anemia (greater than or equal to 20%) were: nausea, fatigue, cough, diarrhea, and headache. ( 6.1)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact GlaxoSmithKline at 1-888-825-5249 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    PROMACTA must not be taken within 4 hours of any medications or products containing polyvalent cations such as antacids, dairy products, and mineral supplements. (7.1)

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    Pregnancy: Based on animal data, PROMACTA may cause fetal harm. ( 8.1)
    Nursing Mothers: A decision should be made to discontinue PROMACTA or nursing, taking into account the importance of PROMACTA to the mother. ( 8.3)
    Reduce the initial dose in chronic ITP patients with hepatic impairment. ( 8.6)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

    Revised: 8/2014

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

    WARNING: RISK FOR HEPATIC DECOMPENSATION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Treatment of Thrombocytopenia in Patients with Chronic ITP

    1.2 Treatment of Thrombocytopenia in Patients with Hepatitis C Infection

    1.3 Treatment of Severe Aplastic Anemia

    1.4 Limitations of Use

    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    2.2 Chronic Hepatitis C-associated Thrombocytopenia

    2.3 Severe Aplastic Anemia

    2.4 Administration

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Hepatic Decompensation in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C

    5.2 Hepatotoxicity

    5.3 Thrombotic/Thromboembolic Complications

    5.4 Cataracts

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Polyvalent Cations (Chelation)

    7.2 Transporters

    7.3 Protease Inhibitors

    7.4 Peginterferon Alfa 2a/b Therapy

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    8.7 Renal Impairment

    8.8 Ethnicity

    10 OVERDOSAGE

    11 DESCRIPTION

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    12.6 Assessment of Risk of QT/QTc Prolongation

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    13.2 Animal Pharmacology and/or Toxicology

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Chronic ITP

    14.2 Chronic Hepatitis C-associated Thrombocytopenia

    14.3 Severe Aplastic Anemia

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
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  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Treatment of Thrombocytopenia in Patients with Chronic ITP

    PROMACTA is indicated for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenia (ITP) who have had an insufficient response to corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, or splenectomy.

    1.2 Treatment of Thrombocytopenia in Patients with Hepatitis C Infection

    PROMACTA is indicated for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic hepatitis C to allow the initiation and maintenance of interferon-based therapy.

    1.3 Treatment of Severe Aplastic Anemia

    PROMACTA is indicated for the treatment of patients with severe aplastic anemia who have had an insufficient response to immunosuppressive therapy.

    1.4 Limitations of Use

    PROMACTA should be used only in patients with ITP whose degree of thrombocytopenia and clinical condition increase the risk for bleeding.
    PROMACTA should be used only in patients with chronic hepatitis C whose degree of thrombocytopenia prevents the initiation of interferon-based therapy or limits the ability to maintain interferon-based therapy.
    Safety and efficacy have not been established in combination with direct-acting antiviral agents used without interferon for treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection.
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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    Use the lowest dose of PROMACTA to achieve and maintain a platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L as necessary to reduce the risk for bleeding. Dose adjustments are based upon the platelet count response. Do not use PROMACTA to normalize platelet counts [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. In clinical trials, platelet counts generally increased within 1 to 2 weeks after starting PROMACTA and decreased within 1 to 2 weeks after discontinuing PROMACTA [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    Initial Dose Regimen: Initiate PROMACTA at a dose of 50 mg once daily, except in patients who are of East Asian ancestry (such as Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese, or Korean) or who have mild to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C).

    For ITP patients of East Asian ancestry, initiate PROMACTA at a reduced dose of 25 mg once daily [see Use in Specific Populations (8.8), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    For ITP patients with mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C), initiate PROMACTA at a reduced dose of 25 mg once daily [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    For ITP patients of East Asian ancestry with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C), consider initiating PROMACTA at a reduced dose of 12.5 mg once daily [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    Monitoring and Dose Adjustment: After initiating PROMACTA, adjust the dose to achieve and maintain a platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L as necessary to reduce the risk for bleeding. Do not exceed a dose of 75 mg daily. Monitor clinical hematology and liver tests regularly throughout therapy with PROMACTA and modify the dosage regimen of PROMACTA based on platelet counts as outlined in Table 1. During therapy with PROMACTA, assess CBCs with differentials, including platelet counts, weekly until a stable platelet count has been achieved. Obtain CBCs with differentials, including platelet counts, monthly thereafter.

    Table 1. Dose Adjustments of PROMACTA in Adults with Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    Platelet Count Result

    Dose Adjustment or Response

    <50 x 109/L following at least 2 weeks of PROMACTA

    Increase daily dose by 25 mg to a maximum of 75 mg/day. For patients taking 12.5 mg once daily, increase the dose to 25 mg daily before increasing the dose amount by 25 mg.

    ≥200 x 109/L to ≤400 x 109/L at any time

    Decrease the daily dose by 25 mg. Wait 2 weeks to assess the effects of this and any subsequent dose adjustments.

    >400 x 109/L

    Stop PROMACTA; increase the frequency of platelet monitoring to twice weekly.

    Once the platelet count is <150 x 109/L, reinitiate therapy at a daily dose reduced by 25 mg.

    For patients taking 25 mg once daily, reinitiate therapy at a daily dose of 12.5 mg.

    >400 x 109/L after 2 weeks of therapy at lowest dose of PROMACTA

    Discontinue PROMACTA.

    In ITP patients with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C), after initiating PROMACTA or after any subsequent dosing increase, wait 3 weeks before increasing the dose.

    Modify the dosage regimen of concomitant ITP medications, as medically appropriate, to avoid excessive increases in platelet counts during therapy with PROMACTA. Do not administer more than one dose of PROMACTA within any 24-hour period.

    Discontinuation: Discontinue PROMACTA if the platelet count does not increase to a level sufficient to avoid clinically important bleeding after 4 weeks of therapy with PROMACTA at the maximum daily dose of 75 mg. Excessive platelet count responses, as outlined in Table 1, or important liver test abnormalities also necessitate discontinuation of PROMACTA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Obtain CBCs with differentials, including platelet counts, weekly for at least 4 weeks following discontinuation of PROMACTA.

    2.2 Chronic Hepatitis C-associated Thrombocytopenia

    Use the lowest dose of PROMACTA to achieve and maintain a platelet count necessary to initiate and maintain antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Dose adjustments are based upon the platelet count response. Do not use PROMACTA to normalize platelet counts [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. In clinical trials, platelet counts generally began to rise within the first week of treatment with PROMACTA [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    Initial Dose Regimen: Initiate PROMACTA at a dose of 25 mg once daily.

    Monitoring and Dose Adjustment: Adjust the dose of PROMACTA in 25-mg increments every 2 weeks as necessary to achieve the target platelet count required to initiate antiviral therapy. Monitor platelet counts every week prior to starting antiviral therapy.

    During antiviral therapy, adjust the dose of PROMACTA to avoid dose reductions of peginterferon. Monitor CBCs with differentials, including platelet counts, weekly during antiviral therapy until a stable platelet count is achieved. Monitor platelet counts monthly thereafter. Do not exceed a dose of 100 mg daily. Monitor clinical hematology and liver tests regularly throughout therapy with PROMACTA.

    For specific dosage instructions for peginterferon or ribavirin, refer to their respective prescribing information.

    Table 2. Dose Adjustments of PROMACTA in Adults with Thrombocytopenia due to Chronic Hepatitis C

    Platelet Count Result

    Dose Adjustment or Response

    <50 x 109/L following at least 2 weeks of PROMACTA

    Increase daily dose by 25 mg to a maximum of 100 mg/day.

    ≥200 x 109/L to ≤400 x 109/L at any time

    Decrease the daily dose by 25 mg.

    Wait 2 weeks to assess the effects of this and any subsequent dose adjustments.

    >400 x 109/L

    Stop PROMACTA; increase the frequency of platelet monitoring to twice weekly.

    Once the platelet count is <150 x 109/L, reinitiate therapy at a daily dose reduced by 25 mg.

    For patients taking 25 mg once daily, reinitiate therapy at a daily dose of 12.5 mg.

    >400 x 109/L after 2 weeks of therapy at lowest dose of PROMACTA

    Discontinue PROMACTA.

    Discontinuation: The prescribing information for pegylated interferon and ribavirin include recommendations for antiviral treatment discontinuation for treatment futility. Refer to pegylated interferon and ribavirin prescribing information for discontinuation recommendations for antiviral treatment futility.

    PROMACTA should be discontinued when antiviral therapy is discontinued. Excessive platelet count responses, as outlined in Table 2, or important liver test abnormalities also necessitate discontinuation of PROMACTA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    2.3 Severe Aplastic Anemia

    Use the lowest dose of PROMACTA to achieve and maintain a hematologic response. Dose adjustments are based upon the platelet count. Hematologic response requires dose titration, generally up to 150 mg, and may take up to 16 weeks after starting PROMACTA [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

    Initial Dose Regimen: Initiate PROMACTA at a dose of 50 mg once daily.

    For severe aplastic anemia in patients of East Asian ancestry or those with mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C), initiate PROMACTA at a reduced dose of 25 mg once daily [see Use in Specific Populations (8.8)(8.6), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    Monitoring and Dose Adjustment: Adjust the dose of PROMACTA in 50-mg increments every 2 weeks as necessary to achieve the target platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L as necessary. Do not exceed a dose of 150 mg daily. Monitor clinical hematology and liver tests regularly throughout therapy with PROMACTA and modify the dosage regimen of PROMACTA based on platelet counts as outlined in Table 3.

    Table 3. Dose Adjustments of PROMACTA in Patients with Severe Aplastic Anemia

    Platelet Count Result

    Dose Adjustment or Response

    <50 x 109/L following at least 2 weeks of PROMACTA

    Increase daily dose by 50 mg to a maximum of 150 mg/day. For patients taking 25 mg once daily, increase the dose to 50 mg daily before increasing the dose amount by 50 mg.

    ≥200 x 109/L to ≤400 x 109/L at any time

    Decrease the daily dose by 50 mg. Wait 2 weeks to assess the effects of this and any subsequent dose adjustments.

    >400 x 109/L

    Stop PROMACTA for 1 week.

    Once the platelet count is <150 x 109/L, reinitiate therapy at a dose reduced by 50 mg.

    >400 x 109/L after 2 weeks of therapy at lowest dose of PROMACTA

    Discontinue PROMACTA.

    For patients who achieve tri-lineage response, including transfusion independence, lasting at least 8 weeks: the dose of PROMACTA may be reduced by 50% [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. If counts remain stable after 8 weeks at the reduced dose, then discontinue PROMACTA and monitor blood counts. If platelet counts drop to less than 30 x 109/L, hemoglobin to less than 9 g/dL, or ANC to less than 0.5 x 109/L, PROMACTA may be reinitiated at the previous effective dose.

    Discontinuation: If no hematologic response has occurred after 16 weeks of therapy with PROMACTA, discontinue therapy. If new cytogenetic abnormalities are observed, consider discontinuation of PROMACTA [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Excessive platelet count responses (as outlined in Table 3) or important liver test abnormalities also necessitate discontinuation of PROMACTA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    2.4 Administration

    Take PROMACTA on an empty stomach (1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    Allow at least a 4-hour interval between PROMACTA and other medications (e.g., antacids), calcium-rich foods (e.g., dairy products and calcium fortified juices), or supplements containing polyvalent cations such as iron, calcium, aluminum, magnesium, selenium, and zinc [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    12.5-mg tablets — round, biconvex, white, film-coated tablets debossed with GS MZ1 and 12.5 on one side. Each tablet, for oral administration, contains eltrombopag olamine, equivalent to 12.5 mg of eltrombopag free acid.
    25-mg tablets — round, biconvex, orange, film-coated tablets debossed with GS NX3 and 25 on one side. Each tablet, for oral administration, contains eltrombopag olamine, equivalent to 25 mg of eltrombopag free acid.
    50-mg tablets — round, biconvex, blue, film-coated tablets debossed with GS UFU and 50 on one side. Each tablet, for oral administration, contains eltrombopag olamine, equivalent to 50 mg of eltrombopag free acid.
    75-mg tablets — round, biconvex, pink, film-coated tablets debossed with GS FFS and 75 on one side. Each tablet, for oral administration, contains eltrombopag olamine, equivalent to 75 mg of eltrombopag free acid.
    100-mg tablets — round, biconvex, green, film-coated tablets debossed with GS 1L5. Each tablet, for oral administration, contains eltrombopag olamine, equivalent to 100 mg of eltrombopag free acid.
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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None.

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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Hepatic Decompensation in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C

    In patients with chronic hepatitis C, PROMACTA in combination with interferon and ribavirin may increase the risk of hepatic decompensation. In two controlled clinical trials in patients with chronic hepatitis C and thrombocytopenia, ascites and encephalopathy occurred more frequently on the arm receiving treatment with PROMACTA plus antivirals (7%) than the placebo plus antivirals arm (4%). Patients with low albumin levels (less than 3.5 g/dL) or Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score greater than or equal to 10 at baseline had a greater risk for hepatic decompensation on the arm receiving treatment with PROMACTA plus antivirals. Discontinue PROMACTA if antiviral therapy is discontinued.

    5.2 Hepatotoxicity

    PROMACTA can cause liver enzyme elevations[see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Measure serum ALT, AST, and bilirubin prior to initiation of PROMACTA, every 2 weeks during the dose adjustment phase, and monthly following establishment of a stable dose. PROMACTA inhibits UGT1A1 and OATP1B1, which may lead to indirect hyperbilirubinemia. If bilirubin is elevated, perform fractionation. Evaluate abnormal serum liver tests with repeat testing within 3 to 5 days. If the abnormalities are confirmed, monitor serum liver tests weekly until resolved or stabilized. Discontinue PROMACTA if ALT levels increase to greater than or equal to 3X ULN in patients with normal liver function or greater than or equal to 3X baseline in patients with pre-treatment elevations in transaminases and are:

    progressively increasing, or
    persistent for greater than or equal to 4 weeks, or
    accompanied by increased direct bilirubin, or
    accompanied by clinical symptoms of liver injury or evidence for hepatic decompensation.

    If the potential benefit for reinitiating treatment with PROMACTA is considered to outweigh the risk for hepatotoxicity, then consider cautiously reintroducing PROMACTA and measure serum liver tests weekly during the dose adjustment phase. Hepatotoxicity may reoccur if PROMACTA is reinitiated. If liver tests abnormalities persist, worsen or recur, then permanently discontinue PROMACTA.

    5.3 Thrombotic/Thromboembolic Complications

    In 2 controlled clinical trials in patients with chronic hepatitis C and thrombocytopenia, 3% (31/955) treated with PROMACTA experienced a thrombotic event compared with 1% (5/484) on placebo. The majority of events were of the portal venous system (1% in patients treated with PROMACTA versus less than 1% for placebo).

    Thrombotic/thromboembolic complications may result from increases in platelet counts with PROMACTA. Reported thrombotic/thromboembolic complications included both venous and arterial events and were observed at low and at normal platelet counts.

    Consider the potential for an increased risk of thromboembolism when administering PROMACTA to patients with known risk factors for thromboembolism (e.g., Factor V Leiden, ATIII deficiency, antiphospholipid syndrome, chronic liver disease). To minimize the risk for thrombotic/thromboembolic complications, do not use PROMACTA in an attempt to normalize platelet counts. Follow the dose adjustment guidelines to achieve and maintain target platelet counts [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.2, 2.3)].

    In a controlled trial in non-ITP thrombocytopenic patients with chronic liver disease undergoing elective invasive procedures (N = 292), the risk of thrombotic events was increased in patients treated with 75 mg of PROMACTA once daily. Seven thrombotic complications (six patients) were reported in the group that received PROMACTA and three thrombotic complications were reported in the placebo group (two patients). All of the thrombotic complications reported in the group that received PROMACTA were portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Symptoms of PVT included abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Five of the six patients in the group that received PROMACTA experienced a thrombotic complication within 30 days of completing treatment with PROMACTA and at a platelet count above 200 x 109/L. The risk of portal venous thrombosis was increased in thrombocytopenic patients with chronic liver disease treated with 75 mg of PROMACTA once daily for 2 weeks in preparation for invasive procedures.

    5.4 Cataracts

    In the 3 controlled clinical trials in chronic ITP, cataracts developed or worsened in 15 (7%) patients who received 50 mg of PROMACTA daily and 8 (7%) placebo-group patients. In the extension trial, cataracts developed or worsened in 4% of patients who underwent ocular examination prior to therapy with PROMACTA. In the 2 controlled clinical trials in patients with chronic hepatitis C and thrombocytopenia, cataracts developed or worsened in 8% patients treated with PROMACTA and 5% patients treated with placebo.

    Cataracts were observed in toxicology studies of eltrombopag in rodents [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)]. Perform a baseline ocular examination prior to administration of PROMACTA and, during therapy with PROMACTA, regularly monitor patients for signs and symptoms of cataracts.

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following serious adverse reactions associated with PROMACTA are described in other sections.

    Hepatic Decompensation in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
    Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
    Thrombotic/Thromboembolic Complications [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
    Cataracts [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia: In clinical trials, hemorrhage was the most common serious adverse reaction and most hemorrhagic reactions followed discontinuation of PROMACTA. Other serious adverse reactions included thrombotic/thromboembolic complications [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    The data described below reflect exposure of PROMACTA to 446 patients with chronic ITP aged 18 to 85, of whom 65% were female across the ITP clinical development program including 3 placebo-controlled trials. PROMACTA was administered to 277 patients for at least 6 months and 202 patients for at least 1 year.

    Table 4 presents the most common adverse drug reactions (experienced by greater than or equal to 3% of patients receiving PROMACTA) from the 3 placebo-controlled trials, with a higher incidence in PROMACTA versus placebo.

    Table 4. Adverse Reactions (≥3%) from Three Placebo-controlled Trials in Adults with Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    Adverse Reaction

    PROMACTA 50 mg

    n = 241

    (%)

    Placebo

    n = 128

    (%)

    Nausea

    9

    3

    Diarrhea

    9

    7

    Upper respiratory tract infection

    7

    6

    Vomiting

    6

    <1

    Increased ALT

    5

    3

    Myalgia

    5

    2

    Urinary tract infection

    5

    3

    Oropharyngeal pain

    4

    3

    Increased AST

    4

    2

    Pharyngitis

    4

    2

    Back pain

    3

    2

    Influenza

    3

    2

    Paresthesia

    3

    2

    Rash

    3

    2

    In the 3 controlled clinical chronic ITP trials, alopecia, musculoskeletal pain, blood alkaline phosphatase increased, and dry mouth were the adverse reactions reported in 2% of patients treated with PROMACTA and in no patients who received placebo.

    Among 299 patients with chronic ITP who received PROMACTA in the single-arm extension trial, the adverse reactions occurred in a pattern similar to that seen in the placebo-controlled trials. Table 5 presents the most common treatment-related adverse reactions (experienced by greater than or equal to 3% of patients receiving PROMACTA) from the extension trial.

    Table 5. Treatment-related Adverse Reactions (≥3%) from Extension Trial in Adults with Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    Adverse Reaction

    PROMACTA 50 mg

    n = 299

    (%)

    Headache

    10

    Hyperbilirubinemia

    6

    ALT increased

    6

    Cataract

    5

    AST increased

    4

    Fatigue

    4

    Nausea

    4

    In the 3 controlled chronic ITP trials, serum liver test abnormalities (predominantly Grade 2 or less in severity) were reported in 11% and 7% of patients for PROMACTA and placebo, respectively. Four patients (1%) treated with PROMACTA and three patients in the placebo group (2%) discontinued treatment due to hepatobiliary laboratory abnormalities. Seven of the patients treated with PROMACTA in the controlled trials with hepatobiliary laboratory abnormalities were re-exposed to PROMACTA in the extension trial. Six of these patients again experienced liver test abnormalities (predominantly Grade 1) resulting in discontinuation of PROMACTA in one patient. In the extension chronic ITP trial, one additional patient had PROMACTA discontinued due to liver test abnormalities (less than or equal to Grade 3).

    In a placebo-controlled trial of PROMACTA in non-ITP thrombocytopenic patients with chronic liver disease, six patients treated with PROMACTA and one patient in the placebo group developed portal vein thromboses [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    Chronic Hepatitis C-associated Thrombocytopenia: In the 2 placebo-controlled trials, 955 patients with chronic hepatitis C-associated thrombocytopenia received PROMACTA. Table 6 presents the most common adverse drug reactions (experienced by greater than or equal to 10% of patients receiving PROMACTA compared with placebo).

    Table 6. Adverse Reactions (≥10% and Greater than Placebo) from Two Placebo-controlled Trials in Adults with Chronic Hepatitis C

    Adverse Reaction

    PROMACTA

    + Peginterferon/Ribavirin

    n = 955

    (%)

    Placebo

    + Peginterferon/Ribavirin

    n = 484

    (%)

    Anemia

    40

    35

    Pyrexia

    30

    24

    Fatigue

    28

    23

    Headache

    21

    20

    Nausea

    19

    14

    Diarrhea

    19

    11

    Decreased appetite

    18

    14

    Influenza-like illness

    18

    16

    Asthenia

    16

    13

    Insomnia

    16

    15

    Cough

    15

    12

    Pruritus

    15

    13

    Chills

    14

    9

    Myalgia

    12

    10

    Alopecia

    10

    6

    Peripheral edema

    10

    5

    In the 2 controlled clinical trials in patients with chronic hepatitis C, hyperbilirubinemia was reported in 8% of patients receiving PROMACTA compared with 3% for placebo. Total bilirubin greater than or equal to 1.5 X ULN was reported in 76% and 50% of patients receiving PROMACTA and placebo, respectively. ALT or AST greater than or equal to 3X ULN was reported in 34% and 38% of patients for PROMACTA and placebo, respectively.

    Severe Aplastic Anemia: In the single-arm, open-label trial, 43 patients with severe aplastic anemia received PROMACTA. Eleven patients (26%) were treated for greater than 6 months and 7 patients (16%) were treated for greater than 1 year. The most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 20%) were nausea, fatigue, cough, diarrhea, and headache.

    Table 7. Adverse Reactions (≥10%) from One Open-label Trial in Adults with Severe Aplastic Anemia

    Adverse Reaction

    PROMACTA

    (n = 43)

    (%)

    Nausea

    33

    Fatigue

    28

    Cough

    23

    Diarrhea

    21

    Headache

    21

    Pain in extremity

    19

    Dyspnea

    14

    Pyrexia

    14

    Dizziness

    14

    Oropharyngeal pain

    14

    Febrile neutropenia

    14

    Abdominal pain

    12

    Ecchymosis

    12

    Muscle spasms

    12

    Transaminases increased

    12

    Arthralgia

    12

    Rhinorrhea

    12

    In this trial, patients had bone marrow aspirates evaluated for cytogenetic abnormalities. Eight patients had a new cytogenetic abnormality reported on therapy, including 5 patients who had complex changes in chromosome 7.

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  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    In vitro, CYP1A2, CYP2C8, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)1A1 and UGT1A3 are involved in the metabolism of eltrombopag. In vitro, eltrombopag inhibits the following metabolic or transporter systems: CYP2C8, CYP2C9, UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT1A9, UGT2B7, UGT2B15, OATP1B1 and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.1 Polyvalent Cations (Chelation)

    Eltrombopag chelates polyvalent cations (such as iron, calcium, aluminum, magnesium, selenium, and zinc) in foods, mineral supplements, and antacids. In a clinical trial, administration of PROMACTA with a polyvalent cation-containing antacid decreased plasma eltrombopag systemic exposure by approximately 70% [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    PROMACTA must not be taken within 4 hours of any medications or products containing polyvalent cations such as antacids, dairy products, and mineral supplements to avoid significant reduction in absorption of PROMACTA due to chelation [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

    7.2 Transporters

    Coadministration of PROMACTA with the OATP1B1 and BCRP substrate, rosuvastatin, to healthy adult subjects increased plasma rosuvastatin AUC0-∞ by 55% and Cmax by 103% [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    Use caution when concomitantly administering PROMACTA and drugs that are substrates of OATP1B1 (e.g., atorvastatin, bosentan, ezetimibe, fluvastatin, glyburide, olmesartan, pitavastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, repaglinide, rifampin, simvastatin acid, SN-38 [active metabolite of irinotecan], valsartan) or BCRP (e.g., imatinib, irinotecan, lapatinib, methotrexate, mitoxantrone, rosuvastatin, sulfasalazine, topotecan). Monitor patients closely for signs and symptoms of excessive exposure to the drugs that are substrates of OATP1B1 or BCRP and consider reduction of the dose of these drugs, if appropriate. In clinical trials with PROMACTA, a dose reduction of rosuvastatin by 50% was recommended.

    7.3 Protease Inhibitors

    HIV Protease Inhibitors: In a drug interaction trial, coadministration of PROMACTA with lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/RTV) decreased plasma eltrombopag exposure by 17% [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dose adjustment is recommended when PROMACTA is coadministered with LPV/RTV. Drug interactions with other HIV protease inhibitors have not been evaluated.

    Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Protease Inhibitors: Coadministration of PROMACTA with either boceprevir or telaprevir did not affect eltrombopag or protease inhibitor exposure significantly [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dose adjustments are recommended. Drug interactions with other HCV protease inhibitors have not been evaluated.

    7.4 Peginterferon Alfa 2a/b Therapy

    Coadministration of peginterferon alfa 2a (PEGASYS®) or 2b (PEGINTRON®) did not affect eltrombopag exposure in 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with adult patients with chronic hepatitis C [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category C

    There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of eltrombopag use in pregnancy. In animal reproduction and developmental toxicity studies, there was evidence of embryolethality and reduced fetal weights at maternally toxic doses. PROMACTA should be used in pregnancy only if the potential benefit to the mother justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

    In an early embryonic development study, female rats received oral eltrombopag at doses of 10, 20, or 60 mg/kg/day (0.8, 2, and 6 times, respectively, the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 0.3, 1, and 3 times, respectively, the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day). Increased pre- and post-implantation loss and reduced fetal weight were observed at the highest dose which also caused maternal toxicity.

    Eltrombopag was administered orally to pregnant rats at 10, 20, or 60 mg/kg/day (0.8, 2, and 6 times, respectively, the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 0.3, 1, and 3 times, respectively, the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day). Decreased fetal weights (6% to 7%) and a slight increase in the presence of cervical ribs were observed at the highest dose which also caused maternal toxicity. However, no evidence of major structural malformations was observed.

    Pregnant rabbits were treated with oral eltrombopag doses of 30, 80, or 150 mg/kg/day (0.04, 0.3, and 0.5 times, respectively, the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 0.02, 0.1, and 0.3 times, respectively, the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day). No evidence of fetotoxicity, embryolethality, or teratogenicity was observed.

    In a pre- and post-natal developmental toxicity study in pregnant rats (F0), no adverse effects on maternal reproductive function or on the development of the offspring (F1) were observed at doses up to 20 mg/kg/day (2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and similar to the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day). Eltrombopag was detected in the plasma of offspring (F1). The plasma concentrations in pups increased with dose following administration of drug to the F0 dams.

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    It is not known whether eltrombopag is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from PROMACTA, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue PROMACTA taking into account the importance of PROMACTA to the mother.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and efficacy of PROMACTA in pediatric patients have not been established.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Of the 106 patients in 2 randomized clinical trials of PROMACTA 50 mg in chronic ITP, 22% were 65 years of age and over, while 9% were 75 years of age and over. In the 2 randomized clinical trials of PROMACTA in patients with chronic hepatitis C and thrombocytopenia, 7% were 65 years of age and over, while fewer than 1% were 75 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients in the placebo-controlled trials, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    Hepatic impairment influences the exposure of PROMACTA [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    Reduce the initial dose of PROMACTA in patients with chronic ITP or severe aplastic anemia who also have hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C) [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) (2.3), Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. No dosage adjustment is necessary for HCV patients with hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    8.7 Renal Impairment

    No adjustment in the initial dose of PROMACTA is needed for patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Closely monitor patients with impaired renal function when administering PROMACTA.

    8.8 Ethnicity

    Patients of East Asian ethnicity (i.e., Japanese, Chinese, Taiwanese, and Korean) exhibit higher eltrombopag exposures. A reduction in the initial dose of PROMACTA is recommended for ITP or severe aplastic anemia patients of East Asian ancestry and patients of East Asian ancestry with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A, B, C) [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.3)]. No dose reduction is needed in patients of East Asian ethnicity with chronic hepatitis C [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    In the event of overdose, platelet counts may increase excessively and result in thrombotic/thromboembolic complications.

    In one report, a subject who ingested 5,000 mg of PROMACTA had a platelet count increase to a maximum of 929 x 109/L at 13 days following the ingestion. The patient also experienced rash, bradycardia, ALT/AST elevations, and fatigue. The patient was treated with gastric lavage, oral lactulose, intravenous fluids, omeprazole, atropine, furosemide, calcium, dexamethasone, and plasmapheresis; however, the abnormal platelet count and liver test abnormalities persisted for 3 weeks. After 2 months follow-up, all events had resolved without sequelae.

    In case of an overdose, consider oral administration of a metal cation-containing preparation, such as calcium, aluminum, or magnesium preparations to chelate eltrombopag and thus limit absorption. Closely monitor platelet counts. Reinitiate treatment with PROMACTA in accordance with dosing and administration recommendations [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.2)].

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    PROMACTA (eltrombopag) tablets contain eltrombopag olamine, a small molecule thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist for oral administration. Eltrombopag interacts with the transmembrane domain of the TPO receptor (also known as cMpl) leading to increased platelet production. Each tablet contains eltrombopag olamine in the amount equivalent to 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, or 100 mg of eltrombopag free acid.

    Eltrombopag olamine is a biphenyl hydrazone. The chemical name for eltrombopag olamine is 3'-{(2Z)-2-[1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazino}-2'-hydroxy-3-biphenylcarboxylic acid - 2-aminoethanol (1:2). It has the molecular formula C25H22N4O4●2(C2H7NO). The molecular weight is 564.65 for eltrombopag olamine and 442.5 for eltrombopag free acid. Eltrombopag olamine has the following structural formula:

    eltrombopag olamine chemical structure

    Eltrombopag olamine is practically insoluble in aqueous buffer across a pH range of 1 to 7.4, and is sparingly soluble in water.

    The inactive ingredients of PROMACTA are: Tablet Core: magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, and sodium starch glycolate. Coating: hypromellose (12.5-mg, 25-mg, 50-mg, and 75-mg tablets) or polyvinyl alcohol and talc (100-mg tablet), polyethylene glycol 400, titanium dioxide, polysorbate 80 (12.5-mg tablet), FD&C Yellow No. 6 aluminum lake (25-mg tablet), FD&C Blue No. 2 aluminum lake (50-mg tablet), Iron Oxide Red and Iron Oxide Black (75-mg tablet), or Iron Oxide Yellow and Iron Oxide Black (100-mg tablet).

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Eltrombopag is an orally bioavailable, small-molecule TPO-receptor agonist that interacts with the transmembrane domain of the human TPO-receptor and initiates signaling cascades that induce proliferation and differentiation from bone marrow progenitor cells.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Absorption: Eltrombopag is absorbed with a peak concentration occurring 2 to 6 hours after oral administration. Based on urinary excretion and biotransformation products eliminated in feces, the oral absorption of drug-related material following administration of a single 75-mg solution dose was estimated to be at least 52%.

    An open-label, randomized, crossover trial was conducted to assess the effect of food on the bioavailability of eltrombopag. A standard high-fat breakfast significantly decreased plasma eltrombopag AUC0-∞ by approximately 59% and Cmax by 65% and delayed Tmax by 1 hour. The calcium content of this meal may have also contributed to this decrease in exposure.

    Distribution: The concentration of eltrombopag in blood cells is approximately 50% to 79% of plasma concentrations based on a radiolabel study. In vitro studies suggest that eltrombopag is highly bound to human plasma proteins (greater than 99%). Eltrombopag is a substrate of BCRP, but is not a substrate for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) or OATP1B1.

    Metabolism: Absorbed eltrombopag is extensively metabolized, predominantly through pathways including cleavage, oxidation, and conjugation with glucuronic acid, glutathione, or cysteine. In vitro studies suggest that CYP1A2 and CYP2C8 are responsible for the oxidative metabolism of eltrombopag. UGT1A1 and UGT1A3 are responsible for the glucuronidation of eltrombopag.

    Elimination: The predominant route of eltrombopag excretion is via feces (59%), and 31% of the dose is found in the urine. Unchanged eltrombopag in feces accounts for approximately 20% of the dose; unchanged eltrombopag is not detectable in urine. The plasma elimination half-life of eltrombopag is approximately 21 to 32 hours in healthy subjects and 26 to 35 hours in ITP patients.

    Drug Interactions: Polyvalent Cation-containing Antacids: In a clinical trial, coadministration of 75 mg of PROMACTA with a polyvalent cation-containing antacid (1,524 mg aluminum hydroxide, 1,425 mg magnesium carbonate, and sodium alginate) to 26 healthy adult subjects decreased plasma eltrombopag AUC0-∞ and Cmax by approximately 70%. The contribution of sodium alginate to this interaction is not known.

    Cytochrome P450 Enzymes (CYPs): In a clinical trial, PROMACTA 75 mg once daily was administered for 7 days to 24 healthy male subjects did not show inhibition or induction of the metabolism of a combination of probe substrates for CYP1A2 (caffeine), CYP2C19 (omeprazole), CYP2C9 (flurbiprofen), or CYP3A4 (midazolam) in humans. Probe substrates for CYP2C8 were not evaluated in this trial.

    Rosuvastatin: In a clinical trial, coadministration of 75 mg of PROMACTA once daily for 5 days with a single 10-mg dose of the OATP1B1 and BCRP substrate, rosuvastatin to 39 healthy adult subjects increased plasma rosuvastatin AUC0-∞ by 55% and Cmax by 103%.

    Protease Inhibitors: HIV Protease Inhibitors: In a clinical trial, coadministration of repeat-dose lopinavir 400 mg/ritonavir 100 mg twice daily with a single dose of PROMACTA 100 mg to 40 healthy adult subjects decreased plasma eltrombopag AUC0-∞ by 17%.

    HCV Protease Inhibitors: In a clinical trial, coadministration of repeat-dose telaprevir 750 mg every 8 hours or boceprevir 800 mg every 8 hours with a single dose of PROMACTA 200 mg to healthy adult subjects did not alter plasma telaprevir, boceprevir, or eltrombopag AUC0-∞ or Cmax to a significant extent.

    Pegylated Interferon alfa-2a + Ribavirin and Pegylated Interferon alfa-2b + Ribavirin: The pharmacokinetics of eltrombopag in both the presence and absence of pegylated interferon alfa 2a and 2b therapy were evaluated using a population pharmacokinetic analysis in 635 patients with chronic hepatitis C. The population PK model estimates of clearance indicate no significant difference in eltrombopag clearance in the presence of pegylated interferon alfa plus ribavirin therapy.

    In vitro Studies: Eltrombopag is an inhibitor of CYP2C8 and CYP2C9 in vitro. Eltrombopag is an inhibitor of UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT1A9, UGT2B7, and UGT2B15 in vitro. Eltrombopag is an inhibitor of the organic anion transporting polypeptide OATP1B1 and BCRP in vitro.

    Specific Populations: Ethnicity: Based on two population PK analyses of eltrombopag concentrations in ITP and chronic hepatitis C patients, East Asian (i.e., Japanese, Chinese, Taiwanese, and Korean) subjects exhibited 50% to 55% higher eltrombopag plasma concentrations compared with non-East Asian subjects [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.3)].

    An approximately 40% higher systemic eltrombopag exposure in healthy African-American subjects was noted in at least one clinical pharmacology trial. The effect of African-American ethnicity on exposure and related safety and efficacy of eltrombopag has not been established.

    Hepatic Impairment: In a pharmacokinetic trial, the disposition of a single 50-mg dose of PROMACTA in patients with mild, moderate, and severe hepatic impairment was compared with subjects with normal hepatic function. The degree of hepatic impairment was based on Child-Pugh score. Plasma eltrombopag AUC0-∞ was 41% higher in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A) compared with subjects with normal hepatic function. Plasma eltrombopag AUC0-∞ was approximately 2-fold higher in patients with moderate (Child-Pugh Class B) and severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C). The half-life of eltrombopag was prolonged 2-fold in these patients. This clinical trial did not evaluate protein binding effects.

    Chronic Liver Disease: A population PK analysis in thrombocytopenic patients with chronic liver disease following repeat doses of eltrombopag demonstrated that mild hepatic impairment resulted in an 87% to 110% higher plasma eltrombopag AUC(0-τ) and patients with moderate hepatic impairment had approximately 141% to 240% higher plasma eltrombopag AUC(0-τ) values compared with patients with normal hepatic function. The half-life of eltrombopag was prolonged 3-fold in patients with mild hepatic impairment and 4-fold in patients with moderate hepatic impairment. This clinical trial did not evaluate protein binding effects.

    Chronic Hepatitis C: A population PK in 28 healthy adults and 635 patients with chronic hepatitis C demonstrated that patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with PROMACTA had higher plasma AUC(0-τ) values as compared with healthy subjects, and AUC(0-τ) increased with increasing Child-Pugh score. Patients with chronic hepatitis C and mild hepatic impairment had approximately 100% to 144% higher plasma AUC(0-τ) compared with healthy subjects. This clinical trial did not evaluate protein binding effects.

    Renal Impairment: The disposition of a single 50-mg dose of PROMACTA in patients with mild (creatinine clearance [CrCl] of 50 to 80 mL/min), moderate (CrCl of 30 to 49 mL/min), and severe (CrCl less than 30 mL/min) renal impairment was compared with subjects with normal renal function. Average total plasma eltrombopag AUC0-∞ was 32% to 36% lower in subjects with mild to moderate renal impairment and 60% lower in subjects with severe renal impairment compared with healthy subjects. The effect of renal impairment on unbound (active) eltrombopag exposure has not been assessed.

    12.6 Assessment of Risk of QT/QTc Prolongation

    There is no indication of a QT/QTc prolonging effect of PROMACTA at doses up to 150 mg daily for 5 days. The effects of PROMACTA at doses up to 150 mg daily for 5 days (supratherapeutic doses) on the QT/QTc interval was evaluated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo- and positive-controlled (moxifloxacin 400 mg, single oral dose) crossover trial in healthy adult subjects. Assay sensitivity was confirmed by significant QTc prolongation by moxifloxacin.

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Eltrombopag does not stimulate platelet production in rats, mice, or dogs because of unique TPO receptor specificity. Data from these animals do not fully model effects in humans.

    Eltrombopag was not carcinogenic in mice at doses up to 75 mg/kg/day or in rats at doses up to 40 mg/kg/day (exposures up to 4 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day).

    Eltrombopag was not mutagenic or clastogenic in a bacterial mutation assay or in 2 in vivo assays in rats (micronucleus and unscheduled DNA synthesis, 10 times the human clinical exposure based on Cmax in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 7 times the human clinical exposure based on Cmax in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day). In the in vitro mouse lymphoma assay, eltrombopag was marginally positive (less than 3-fold increase in mutation frequency).

    Eltrombopag did not affect female fertility in rats at doses up to 20 mg/kg/day (2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and similar to the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day). Eltrombopag did not affect male fertility in rats at doses up to 40 mg/kg/day, the highest dose tested (3 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day).

    13.2 Animal Pharmacology and/or Toxicology

    Eltrombopag is phototoxic in vitro. There was no evidence of in vivo cutaneous or ocular phototoxicity in rodents.

    Treatment-related cataracts were detected in rodents in a dose- and time-dependent manner. At greater than or equal to 6 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 3 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day, cataracts were observed in mice after 6 weeks and in rats after 28 weeks of dosing. At greater than or equal to 4 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day, cataracts were observed in mice after 13 weeks and in rats after 39 weeks of dosing [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    Renal tubular toxicity was observed in studies up to 14 days in duration in mice and rats at exposures that were generally associated with morbidity and mortality. Tubular toxicity was also observed in a 2-year oral carcinogenicity study in mice at doses of 25, 75, and 150 mg/kg/day. The exposure at the lowest dose was 1.2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in ITP patients at 75 mg/day and 0.6 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC in chronic hepatitis C patients at 100 mg/day. No similar effects were observed in mice after 13 weeks at exposures greater than those associated with renal changes in the 2-year study, suggesting that this effect is both dose- and time-dependent.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Chronic ITP

    The efficacy and safety of PROMACTA in adult patients with chronic ITP were evaluated in 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials and in an open-label extension trial.

    Trials 1 and 2: In trials 1 and 2, patients who had completed at least one prior ITP therapy and who had a platelet count less than 30 x 109/L were randomized to receive either PROMACTA or placebo daily for up to 6 weeks, followed by 6 weeks off therapy. During the trials, PROMACTA or placebo was discontinued if the platelet count exceeded 200 x 109/L. The primary efficacy endpoint was response rate, defined as a shift from a baseline platelet count of less than 30 x 109/L to greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L at any time during the treatment period.

    The median age of the patients was 50 years and 60% were female. Approximately 70% of the patients had received at least 2 prior ITP therapies (predominantly corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, rituximab, cytotoxic therapies, danazol, and azathioprine) and 40% of the patients had undergone splenectomy. The median baseline platelet counts (approximately 18 x 109/L) were similar among all treatment groups.

    Trial 1 randomized 114 patients (2:1) to PROMACTA 50 mg or placebo. Trial 2 randomized 117 patients (1:1:1:1) among placebo or 1 of 3 dose regimens of PROMACTA, 30 mg, 50 mg, or 75 mg each administered daily.

    Table 8 shows for each trial the primary efficacy outcomes for the placebo groups and the patient groups who received the 50-mg daily regimen of PROMACTA.

    Table 8. Trials 1 and 2 Platelet Count Response (≥50 x 109/L) Rates in Adults with Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    Trial

    PROMACTA

    50 mg Daily

    Placebo

    1

    43/73 (59%)a

    6/37 (16%)

    2

    19/27 (70%)a

    3/27 (11%)

    aP value <0.001 for PROMACTA versus placebo.

    The platelet count response to PROMACTA was similar among patients who had or had not undergone splenectomy. In general, increases in platelet counts were detected 1 week following initiation of PROMACTA and the maximum response was observed after 2 weeks of therapy. In the placebo and 50-mg–dose groups of PROMACTA, the trial drug was discontinued due to an increase in platelet counts to greater than 200 x 109/L in 3% and 27% of the patients, respectively. The median duration of treatment with the 50-mg dose of PROMACTA was 42 days in Trial 1 and 43 days in Trial 2.

    Of 7 patients who underwent hemostatic challenges, additional ITP medications were required in 3 of 3 placebo group patients and 0 of 4 patients treated with PROMACTA. Surgical procedures accounted for most of the hemostatic challenges. Hemorrhage requiring transfusion occurred in one placebo group patient and no patients treated with PROMACTA.

    Trial 3: In this trial, 197 patients were randomized (2:1) to receive either PROMACTA 50 mg once daily (n = 135) or placebo (n = 62) for 6 months, during which time the dose of PROMACTA could be adjusted based on individual platelet counts. Patients were allowed to taper or discontinue concomitant ITP medications after being treated with PROMACTA for 6 weeks. Patients were permitted to receive rescue treatments at any time during the trial as clinically indicated. The primary endpoint was the odds of achieving a platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L and less than or equal to 400 x 109/L for patients receiving PROMACTA relative to placebo and was based on patient response profiles throughout the 6-month treatment period.

    The median age of the patients treated with PROMACTA and placebo was 47 years and 52.5 years, respectively. Approximately half of the patients treated with PROMACTA and placebo (47% and 50%, respectively) were receiving concomitant ITP medication (predominantly corticosteroids) at randomization and had baseline platelet counts less than or equal to15 x 109/L (50% and 48%, respectively). A similar percentage of patients treated with PROMACTA and placebo (37% and 34%, respectively) had a prior splenectomy.

    In 134 patients who completed 26 weeks of treatment, a sustained platelet response (platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L and less than or equal to 400 x 109/L for 6 out of the last 8 weeks of the 26-week treatment period in the absence of rescue medication at any time) was achieved by 60% of patients treated with PROMACTA, compared with 10% of patients treated with placebo (splenectomized patients: PROMACTA 51%, placebo 8%; non-splenectomized patients: PROMACTA 66%, placebo 11%). The proportion of responders in the group of patients treated with PROMACTA was between 37% and 56% compared with 7% and 19% in the placebo treatment group for all on-therapy visits. Patients treated with PROMACTA were significantly more likely to achieve a platelet count between 50 x 109/L and 400 x 109/L during the entire 6-month treatment period compared with those patients treated with placebo.

    Outcomes of treatment are presented in Table 9 for all patients enrolled in the trial.

    Table 9. Outcomes of Treatment from Trial 3 in Adults with Chronic Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia

    Outcome

    PROMACTA

    N = 135

    Placebo

    N = 62

    Mean number of weeks with platelet counts ≥50 x 109/L

    11.3

    2.4

    Requiring rescue therapy, n (%)

    24 (18)

    25 (40)

    Among 94 patients receiving other ITP therapy at baseline, 37 (59%) of 63 patients treated with PROMACTA and 10 (32%) of 31 patients in the placebo group discontinued concomitant therapy at some time during the trial.

    Extension Trial: Patients who completed any prior clinical trial with PROMACTA were enrolled in an open-label, single-arm trial in which attempts were made to decrease the dose or eliminate the need for any concomitant ITP medications. PROMACTA was administered to 299 patients; 249 completed 6 months, 210 patients completed 12 months, and 138 patients completed 24 months of therapy. The median baseline platelet count was 19 x 109/L prior to administration of PROMACTA.

    14.2 Chronic Hepatitis C-associated Thrombocytopenia

    The efficacy and safety of PROMACTA for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in adult patients with chronic hepatitis C were evaluated in 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. Trial 1 utilized peginterferon alfa-2a (PEGASYS®) plus ribavirin for antiviral treatment and Trial 2 utilized peginterferon alfa-2b (PEGINTRON®) plus ribavirin. In both trials, patients with a platelet count of less than 75 x 109/L were enrolled and stratified by platelet count, screening HCV RNA, and HCV genotype. Patients were excluded if they had evidence of decompensated liver disease with Child-Pugh score greater than 6 (class B and C), history of ascites, or hepatic encephalopathy. The median age of the patients in both trials was 52 years, 63% were male, and 74% were Caucasian. Sixty-nine percent of patients had HCV genotypes 1, 4, 6 with the remainder genotypes 2 and 3. Approximately 30% of patients had been previously treated with interferon and ribavirin. The majority of patients (90%) had bridging fibrosis and cirrhosis, as indicated by noninvasive testing. A similar proportion (95%) of patients in both treatment groups had Child-Pugh level A (score 5-6) at baseline. A similar proportion of patients (2%) in both treatment groups had baseline international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 1.7. Median baseline platelet counts (approximately 60 x 109/L) were similar in both treatment groups. The trials consisted of two phases – a pre-antiviral treatment phase and an antiviral treatment phase. In the pre-antiviral treatment phase, patients received open-label PROMACTA to increase the platelet count to a threshold of greater than or equal to 90 x 109/L for Trial 1 and greater than or equal to 100 x 109/L for Trial 2. PROMACTA was administered at an initial dose of 25 mg once daily for 2 weeks and increased in 25-mg increments over 2- to 3-week periods to achieve the optimal platelet count to initiate antiviral therapy. The maximal time patients could receive open-label PROMACTA was 9 weeks. If threshold platelet counts were achieved, patients were randomized (2:1) to the same dose of PROMACTA at the end of the pre-treatment phase or to placebo. PROMACTA was administered in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin per their respective prescribing information for up to 48 weeks.

    The primary efficacy endpoint for both trials was sustained virologic response (SVR) defined as the percentage of patients with undetectable HCV-RNA at 24 weeks after completion of antiviral treatment. The median time to achieve the target platelet count greater than or equal to 90 x 109/L was approximately 2 weeks. Ninety-five percent of patients were able to initiate antiviral therapy.

    In both trials, a significantly greater proportion of patients treated with PROMACTA achieved SVR (see Table 10). The improvement in the proportion of patients who achieved SVR was consistent across subgroups based on baseline platelet count (less than 50 x 109/L versus greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L). In patients with high baseline viral loads (greater than or equal to 800,000), the SVR rate was 18% (82/452) for PROMACTA versus 8% (20/239) for placebo.

    Table 10. Trials 1 and 2 Sustained Virologic Response in Adults with Chronic Hepatitis C

    Trial 1a

    Trial 2b

    Pre-antiviral Treatment Phase

    N = 715

    N = 805

    % Patients who achieved target platelet counts and initiated antiviral therapyc

    95%

    94%

    Antiviral Treatment Phase

    PROMACTA

    N = 450

    %

    Placebo

    N = 232

    %

    PROMACTA

    N = 506

    %

    Placebo

    N = 253

    %

    Overall SVRd

    23

    14

    19

    13

     
    HCV Genotype 2,3

    35

    24

    34

    25

     
    HCV Genotype 1,4,6

    18

    10

    13

    7

    a PROMACTA given in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a (180 mcg once weekly for 48 weeks for genotypes 1/4/6; 24 weeks for genotype 2 or 3) plus ribavirin (800 to 1,200 mg daily in 2 divided doses orally).

    b PROMACTA given in combination with peginterferon alfa-2b (1.5 mcg/kg once weekly for 48 weeks for genotypes 1/4/6; 24 weeks for genotype 2 or 3) plus ribavirin (800 to 1,400 mg daily in 2 divided doses orally).

    c Target platelet count was ≥90 x 10 9 /L for Trial 1 and ≥100 x 10 9 /L for Trial 2.

    d P value <0.05 for PROMACTA versus placebo.

    The majority of patients treated with PROMACTA (76%) maintained a platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 109/L compared with 19% for placebo. A greater proportion of patients on PROMACTA did not require any antiviral dose reduction as compared with placebo (45% versus 27%).

    14.3 Severe Aplastic Anemia

    PROMACTA was studied in a single-arm, single-center, open-label trial in 43 patients with severe aplastic anemia who had an insufficient response to at least one prior immunosuppressive therapy and who had a platelet count less than or equal to 30 x 109/L. PROMACTA was administered at an initial dose of 50 mg once daily for 2 weeks and increased over 2 week periods up to a maximum dose of 150 mg once daily. The primary endpoint was hematologic response assessed after 12 weeks of treatment with PROMACTA. Hematologic response was defined as meeting 1 or more of the following criteria: 1) platelet count increases to 20 x 109/L above baseline, or stable platelet counts with transfusion independence for a minimum of 8 weeks; 2) hemoglobin increase by greater than 1.5 g/dL, or a reduction in greater than or equal to 4 units of RBC transfusions for 8 consecutive weeks; 3) ANC increase of 100% or an ANC increase greater than 0.5 x 109/L. PROMACTA was discontinued after 16 weeks if no hematologic response was observed. Patients who responded continued therapy in an extension phase of the trial.

    The treated population had median age of 45 years (range 17 to 77 years) and 56% were male. At baseline, the median platelet count was 20 x 109/L, hemoglobin was 8.4 g/dL, ANC was 0.58 x 109/L and absolute reticulocyte count was 24.3 x109/L. Eighty-six percent of patients were RBC transfusion dependent and 91% were platelet transfusion dependent. The majority of patients (84%) received at least 2 prior immunosuppressive therapies. Three patients had cytogenetic abnormalities at baseline.

    Table 11 presents the primary efficacy results.

    Table 11. Hematologic Response in Patients with Severe Aplastic Anemia

    Outcome

    PROMACTA

    N = 43

    Response ratea, n (%)

     
    95% CI (%)

    17 (40)

    (25, 56)

    Median of duration of response in months (95%CI)

    NRb (3.0, NRb)

    a Includes single- and multi-lineage.

    b NR = Not reached due to few events (relapsed).

    In the 17 responders, the platelet transfusion-free period ranged from 8 to 1,096 days with a median of 200 days, and the RBC transfusion-free period ranged from 15 to 1,082 days with a median of 208 days.

    In the extension phase, 8 patients achieved a multi-lineage response; 4 of these patients subsequently tapered off treatment with PROMACTA and maintained the response(median follow up: 8.1 months, range: 7.2 to 10.6 months).

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  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    The 12.5-mg tablets are round, biconvex, white, film-coated tablets debossed with GS MZ1 and 12.5 on one side and are available in bottles of 30: NDC 0007-4643-13.
    The 25-mg tablets are round, biconvex, orange, film-coated tablets debossed with GS NX3 and 25 on one side and are available in bottles of 30: NDC 0007-4640-13.
    The 50-mg tablets are round, biconvex, blue, film-coated tablets debossed with GS UFU and 50 on one side and are available in bottles of 30: NDC 0007-4641-13.
    The 75-mg tablets are round, biconvex, pink, film-coated tablets debossed with GS FFS and 75 on one side and are available in bottles of 30: NDC 0007-4642-13.
    The 100-mg tablets are round, biconvex, green, film-coated tablets debossed with GS 1L5 and are available in bottles of 30: NDC 0007-4646-13. This product contains a desiccant.

    Store at room temperature between 20°C and 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not remove desiccant if present. Dispense in original bottle.

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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    See FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

    Prior to treatment, patients should fully understand and be informed of the following risks and considerations for PROMACTA:

    For patients with chronic ITP, therapy with PROMACTA is administered to achieve and maintain a platelet count greater than or equal to 50 x 10 9/L as necessary to reduce the risk for bleeding.
    For patients with chronic hepatitis C, therapy with PROMACTA is administered to achieve and maintain a platelet count necessary to initiate and maintain antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin.
    Therapy with PROMACTA may be associated with hepatobiliary laboratory abnormalities.
    Advise patients with chronic hepatitis C and cirrhosis that they may be at risk for hepatic decompensation when receiving alfa interferon therapy.
    Advise patients that they should report any of the following signs and symptoms of liver problems to their healthcare provider right away.
    yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
    unusual darkening of the urine
    unusual tiredness
    right upper stomach area pain
    confusion
    swelling of the stomach area (abdomen)
    Advise patients that thrombocytopenia and risk of bleeding may reoccur upon discontinuing PROMACTA, particularly if PROMACTA is discontinued while the patient is on anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents.
    Advise patients that too much PROMACTA may result in excessive platelet counts and a risk for thrombotic/thromboembolic complications.
    Advise patients that during therapy with PROMACTA, they should continue to avoid situations or medications that may increase the risk for bleeding.
    Advise patients to have a baseline ocular examination prior to administration of PROMACTA and be monitored for signs and symptoms of cataracts during therapy.
    Advise patients to keep at least a 4-hour interval between PROMACTA and foods, mineral supplements, and antacids which contain polyvalent cations such as iron, calcium, aluminum, magnesium, selenium, and zinc.
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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    PROMACTA is a registered trademark of the GSK group of companies. The following are registered trademarks of their respective owners: PEGASYS/Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.; PEGINTRON/Schering Corporation.

    GlaxoSmithKline

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    ©2014, the GSK group of companies. All rights reserved.

    PRM:8PI

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  • MEDICATION GUIDE

    MEDICATION GUIDE

    PROMACTA®(pro-MAC-ta)

    (eltrombopag)

    tablets

    Read this Medication Guide before you start taking PROMACTA and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

    What is the most important information I should know about PROMACTA?

    PROMACTA can cause serious side effects, including:

    Liver problems. If you have chronic hepatitis C virus, and take PROMACTA with interferon and ribavirin treatment, PROMACTA may increase your risk of liver problems. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these signs and symptoms of liver problems:

    yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
    unusual darkening of the urine
    unusual tiredness
    right upper stomach area pain
    confusion
    swelling of the stomach area (abdomen)

    See “What are the possible side effects of PROMACTA?” for other side effects of PROMACTA.

    What is PROMACTA?

    PROMACTA is a prescription medicine used to treat people with:

    low blood platelet counts due to chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenia (ITP), when other medicines to treat your ITP or surgery to remove the spleen have not worked well enough
    low blood platelet counts due to chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection before and during treatment with interferon
    severe aplastic anemia (SAA) when other medicines to treat your SAA have not worked well enough

    PROMACTA is used to try to raise your platelet count in order to lower your risk for bleeding.

    PROMACTA is not used to make your platelet count normal.

    PROMACTA is for treatment of certain people with low platelet counts caused by chronic ITP, chronic HCV, or SAA not low platelet counts caused by other conditions or diseases.

    It is not known if PROMACTA is safe and effective when used with other antiviral medicines that are approved to treat chronic hepatitis C.

    It is not known if PROMACTA is safe and effective in children.

    What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking PROMACTA?

    Before you take PROMACTA, tell your healthcare provider if you:

    have liver or kidney problems
    have or had a blood clot
    have a history of cataracts
    have had surgery to remove your spleen (splenectomy)
    have bleeding problems
    are Asian and you are of Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese, or Korean ancestry. You may need a lower dose of PROMACTA.
    have any other medical conditions
    are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if PROMACTA will harm an unborn baby.
    are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if PROMACTA passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide whether you will take PROMACTA or breastfeed. You should not do both.

    Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. PROMACTA may affect the way certain medicines work. Certain other medicines may affect the way PROMACTA works.

    Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:

    certain medicines used to treat high cholesterol, called “statins”
    a blood thinner medicine

    Certain medicines may keep PROMACTA from working correctly. Take PROMACTA at least 4 hours before or 4 hours after taking these products:

    antacids used to treat stomach ulcers or heartburn
    multivitamins or products that contain iron, calcium, aluminum, magnesium, selenium, and zinc which may be found in mineral supplements

    Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure if your medicine is one that is listed above.

    Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

    How should I take PROMACTA?

    Take PROMACTA exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it. Do not stop taking PROMACTA without talking with your healthcare provider first. Do not change your dose or schedule for taking PROMACTA unless your healthcare provider tells you to change it.
    Take PROMACTA on an empty stomach, either 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating food.
    Take PROMACTA at least 4 hours before or 4 hours after eating dairy products and calcium fortified juices.
    If you miss a dose of PROMACTA, wait and take your next scheduled dose. Do not take more than one dose of PROMACTA in one day.
    If you take too much PROMACTA, you may have a higher risk of serious side effects. Call your healthcare provider right away.
    Your healthcare provider will check your platelet count during your treatment with PROMACTA and change your dose of PROMACTA as needed.
    Tell your healthcare provider about any bruising or bleeding that happens while you take and after you stop taking PROMACTA.

    What should I avoid while taking PROMACTA?

    Avoid situations and medicines that may increase your risk of bleeding.

    What are the possible side effects of PROMACTA?

    PROMACTA may cause serious side effects, including:

    See “What is the most important information I should know about PROMACTA?”
    Abnormal liver function tests. Your healthcare provider will order blood tests to check your liver before you start taking PROMACTA and during your treatment. In some cases treatment with PROMACTA may need to be stopped due to changes in your liver function tests.
    High platelet counts and higher risk for blood clots. Your risk of getting a blood clot is increased if your platelet count is too high during treatment with PROMACTA. Your risk of getting a blood clot may also be increased during treatment with PROMACTA if you have normal or low platelet counts. You may have severe problems or die from some forms of blood clots, such as clots that travel to the lungs or that cause heart attacks or strokes. Your healthcare provider will check your blood platelet counts, and change your dose or stop PROMACTA if your platelet counts get too high. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have signs and symptoms of a blood clot in the leg, such as swelling, pain, or tenderness in your leg.
    People with chronic liver disease may be at risk for a type of blood clot in the stomach area. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have stomach area pain that may be a symptom of this type of blood clot.
    New or worsened cataracts (a clouding of the lens in the eye). New or worsened cataracts have happened in people taking PROMACTA. Your healthcare provider will check your eyes before and during your treatment with PROMACTA. Tell your healthcare provider about any changes in your eyesight while taking PROMACTA.

    The most common side effects of PROMACTA when used to treat chronic ITP are:

    nausea
    diarrhea
    upper respiratory tract infection. Symptoms may include runny nose, stuffy nose, and sneezing
    vomiting
    muscle aches
    urinary tract infection. Symptoms may include frequent or urgent need to urinate, low fever in some people, pain or burning with urination.
    pain or swelling (inflammation) in your throat or mouth (oropharyngeal pain and pharyngitis)
    abnormal liver function tests
    back pain
    “flu” like symptoms (influenza) including fever, headache, tiredness, cough, sore throat, and body aches
    skin tingling, itching, or burning
    rash

    The most common side effects when PROMACTA is used in combination with other medicines to treat chronic HCV are:

    low red blood cell count (anemia)
    fever
    tiredness
    headache
    nausea
    diarrhea
    decreased appetite
    “flu” like symptoms (influenza) including fever, headache, tiredness, cough, sore throat, and body aches
    feeling weak
    trouble sleeping
    cough
    itching
    chills
    muscle aches
    hair loss
    swelling in your ankles, feet, and legs

    The most common side effects when PROMACTA is used to treat severe aplastic anemia are:

    nausea
    feeling tired
    cough
    diarrhea
    headache
    pain in arms, legs, hands or feet
    shortness of breath
    fever
    dizziness
    pain in the nose or throat
    abdominal pain
    bruising
    muscle spasms
    abnormal liver function tests
    joint pain
    runny nose

    Laboratory tests may show abnormal changes to the cells in your bone marrow.

    Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

    These are not all the possible side effects of PROMACTA. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

    How should I store PROMACTA tablets?

    Store PROMACTA at room temperature between 68 oF to 77 oF (20 oC to 25 oC).
    Keep PROMACTA tightly closed in the bottle given to you.
    The PROMACTA bottle may contain a desiccant pack to help keep your medicine dry. Do not remove the desiccant pack from the bottle.

    Keep PROMACTA and all medicines out of the reach of children.

    General information about the safe and effective use of PROMACTA

    Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use PROMACTA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give PROMACTA to other people even, if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.

    This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about PROMACTA. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about PROMACTA that is written for health professionals.

    For more information about PROMACTA, go to www.PROMACTA.com or call 1-888-825-5249.

    What are the ingredients in PROMACTA?

    Active ingredient: eltrombopag olamine.

    Inactive ingredients:

    Tablet Core: magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, and sodium starch glycolate.
    Coating: hypromellose (12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, and 75 mg tablets) or polyvinyl alcohol and talc (100 mg tablet), polyethylene glycol 400, titanium dioxide, polysorbate 80 (12.5 mg tablet), and FD&C Yellow No. 6 aluminum lake (25 mg tablet), FD&C Blue No. 2 aluminum lake (50 mg tablet), Iron Oxide Red and Iron Oxide Black (75 mg tablet), or Iron Oxide Yellow and Iron Oxide Black (100 mg tablet).

    This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

    PROMACTA is a registered trademark of the GSK group of companies.

    GlaxoSmithKline

    Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

    ©2014, the GSK group of companies. All rights reserved.

    Revised: August 2014

    PRM:8MG

    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 0007-4643-13

    PROMACTA®

    (eltrombopag) Tablets

    12.5 mg*

    30 Tablets

    Rx only

    *Each tablet contains eltrombopag olamine equivalent to 12.5 mg of eltrombopag free acid.

    Federal Law requires dispensing of PROMACTA® with the Medication Guide provided with this bottle.

    Store between 20o and 25oC (68o to 77oF); excursions permitted to 15o to 30oC (59o to 86oF).

    Do not use if printed safety seal under cap is broken or missing.

    Dosage: See accompanying prescribing information.

    Important: Use safety closures when dispensing this product unless otherwise directed by physicians or requested by purchaser.

    GlaxoSmithKline, RTP, NC 27709

    Made in Ireland

    10000000123247 Rev. 1/14

    Promacta 12.5 mg 30 count label
    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 0007-4640-13

    PROMACTA®

    (eltrombopag) Tablets

    25 mg*

    30 Tablets

    Rx only

    *Each tablet contains eltrombopag olamine equivalent to 25 mg of eltrombopag free acid.

    Federal Law requires dispensing of PROMACTA® with the Medication Guide provided with this bottle.

    Store between 20o and 25oC (68o to 77oF); excursions permitted to 15o to 30oC (59o to 86oF).

    Do not use if printed safety seal under cap is broken or missing.

    Dosage: See accompanying prescribing information.

    Important: Use safety closures when dispensing this product unless otherwise directed by physicians or requested by purchaser.

    GlaxoSmithKline, RTP, NC 27709

    Made in Ireland

    10000000123416 Rev. 1/14

    Promacta 25mg 30 count label
    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 0007-4641-13

    PROMACTA®

    (eltrombopag) Tablets

    50 mg*

    30 Tablets

    Rx only

    *Each tablet contains eltrombopag olamine equivalent to 50 mg of eltrombopag free acid.

    Federal Law requires dispensing of PROMACTA® with the Medication Guide provided with this bottle.

    Store between 20o and 25oC (68o to 77oF); excursions permitted to 15o to 30oC (59o to 86oF).

    Do not use if printed safety seal under cap is broken or missing.

    Dosage: See accompanying prescribing information.

    Important: Use safety closures when dispensing this product unless otherwise directed by physicians or requested by purchaser.

    GlaxoSmithKline, RTP, NC 27709

    Made in Ireland

    10000000123417 Rev. 1/14

    Promacta 50mg 30 count label
    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 0007-4642-13

    PROMACTA®

    (eltrombopag) Tablets

    75 mg*

    30 Tablets

    Rx only

    *Each tablet contains eltrombopag olamine equivalent to 75 mg of eltrombopag free acid.

    Federal Law requires dispensing of PROMACTA® with the Medication Guide provided with this bottle.

    Store between 20o and 25oC (68o to 77oF); excursions permitted to 15o to 30oC (59o to 86oF).

    Do not use if printed safety seal under cap is broken or missing.

    Dosage: See accompanying prescribing information.

    Important: Use safety closures when dispensing this product unless otherwise directed by physicians or requested by purchaser.

    GlaxoSmithKline, RTP, NC 27709

    Made in Ireland

    10000000123248 Rev. 1/14

    Promacta 75mg 30 count label
    Close
  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 0007-4646-13

    PROMACTA®

    (eltrombopag) Tablets

    100 mg*

    30 Tablets

    Rx only

    *Each tablet contains eltrombopag olamine equivalent to 100 mg of eltrombopag free acid.

    Federal Law requires dispensing of PROMACTA® with the Medication Guide provided with this bottle.

    Store between 20o and 25oC (68o to77oF); excursions permitted to 15o to 30oC (59o to 86oF). Do not remove desiccant.

    Do not use if printed safety seal under cap is broken or missing.

    Dosage:

    See accompanying prescribing information.

    Important:

    Use safety closures when dispensing this product unless otherwise directed by physicians or requested by purchaser.

    GlaxoSmithKline, RTP, NC 27709

    Made in Ireland

    10000000123249 Rev. 1/14

    Promacta 100mg 30 count label
    Close
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    PROMACTA 
    eltrombopag olamine tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0007-4640
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ELTROMBOPAG OLAMINE (ELTROMBOPAG) ELTROMBOPAG 25 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    MANNITOL  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    POVIDONES  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO  
    HYPROMELLOSES  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    FD&C YELLOW NO. 6  
    Product Characteristics
    Color ORANGE Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code GS;NX3;25
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0007-4640-13 30 in 1 BOTTLE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022291 11/24/2008
    PROMACTA 
    eltrombopag olamine tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0007-4641
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ELTROMBOPAG OLAMINE (ELTROMBOPAG) ELTROMBOPAG 50 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    MANNITOL  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    POVIDONES  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO  
    HYPROMELLOSES  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    FD&C BLUE NO. 2  
    Product Characteristics
    Color BLUE Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code GS;UFU;50
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0007-4641-13 30 in 1 BOTTLE
    2 NDC:0007-4641-61 14 in 1 BOTTLE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022291 11/24/2008
    PROMACTA 
    eltrombopag olamine tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0007-4642
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ELTROMBOPAG OLAMINE (ELTROMBOPAG) ELTROMBOPAG 75 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    MANNITOL  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    POVIDONES  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO  
    HYPROMELLOSES  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    FERRIC OXIDE RED  
    FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE  
    Product Characteristics
    Color PINK Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code GS;FFS;75
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0007-4642-13 30 in 1 BOTTLE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022291 01/05/2009
    PROMACTA 
    eltrombopag olamine tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0007-4643
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ELTROMBOPAG OLAMINE (ELTROMBOPAG) ELTROMBOPAG 12.5 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    MANNITOL  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    POVIDONES  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO  
    HYPROMELLOSES  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    POLYSORBATE 80  
    Product Characteristics
    Color PINK Score no score
    Shape ROUND Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code GS;FFS;75
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0007-4643-13 30 in 1 BOTTLE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022291 01/02/2012
    PROMACTA 
    eltrombopag olamine tablet, film coated
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0007-4646
    Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    ELTROMBOPAG OLAMINE (ELTROMBOPAG) ELTROMBOPAG 100 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
    MANNITOL  
    CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
    POVIDONES  
    SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE TYPE A POTATO  
    POLYVINYL ALCOHOL  
    TALC  
    POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
    TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
    FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
    FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE  
    Product Characteristics
    Color GREEN Score no score
    Shape ROUND (bi-convex) Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code GS;1L5
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0007-4646-13 30 in 1 BOTTLE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022291 03/10/2014
    Labeler - GlaxoSmithKline LLC (167380711)
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