Label: PROLIA- denosumab injection 

  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: Biologic Licensing Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 06/14

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use PROLIA safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for PROLIA.

    Prolia® (denosumab)
    Injection, for subcutaneous use
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2010

    RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

    • Contraindications (4.3)                                                  07/2013
    • Warnings and Precautions (5.2)                                     07/2013
    • Warnings and Precautions (5.3)                                     06/2014
    • Warnings and Precautions (5.8)                                     06/2014

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Prolia is a RANK ligand (RANKL) inhibitor indicated for:

    • Treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture (1.1)
    • Treatment to increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture (1.2)
    • Treatment to increase bone mass in men at high risk for fracture receiving androgen deprivation therapy for nonmetastatic prostate cancer (1.3)
    • Treatment to increase bone mass in women at high risk for fracture receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy for breast cancer (1.4)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    • Prolia should be administered by a healthcare professional (2.1)
    • Administer 60 mg every 6 months as a subcutaneous injection in the upper arm, upper thigh, or abdomen (2.1)
    • Instruct patients to take calcium 1000 mg daily and at least 400 IU vitamin D daily (2.1)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    • Single-use prefilled syringe containing 60 mg in a 1 mL solution (3)
    • Single-use vial containing 60 mg in a 1 mL solution (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    • Hypocalcemia (4.1, 5.3)
    • Pregnancy (4.2, 8.1)
    • Known hypersensitivity to Prolia (4.3, 5.2)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Same Active Ingredient: Patients receiving Prolia should not receive XGEVA® (5.1)
    • Hypersensitivity including anaphylactic reactions may occur.  Discontinue permanently if a clinically significant reaction occurs (5.2)
    • Hypocalcemia: Must be corrected before initiating Prolia.  May worsen, especially in patients with renal impairment.  Adequately supplement patients with calcium and vitamin D (5.3)
    • Osteonecrosis of the jaw: Has been reported with Prolia.  Monitor for symptoms (5.4)
    • Atypical femoral fractures: Have been reported.  Evaluate patients with thigh or groin pain to rule out a femoral fracture (5.5)
    • Serious infections including skin infections: May occur, including those leading to hospitalization.  Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention if they develop signs or symptoms of infection, including cellulitis (5.6)
    • Dermatologic reactions: Dermatitis, rashes, and eczema have been reported.  Consider discontinuing Prolia if severe symptoms develop (5.7)
    • Severe Bone, Joint, Muscle Pain may occur. Discontinue use if severe symptoms develop. (5.8)
    • Suppression of bone turnover: Significant suppression has been demonstrated.  Monitor for consequences of bone oversuppression (5.9)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    • Postmenopausal osteoporosis: Most common adverse reactions (> 5% and more common than placebo) were: back pain, pain in extremity, hypercholesterolemia, musculoskeletal pain, and cystitis.  Pancreatitis has been reported in clinical trials (6.1)
    • Male Osteoporosis: Most common adverse reactions (> 5% and more common than placebo) were: back pain, arthralgia, and nasopharyngitis (6.1)
    • Bone loss due to hormone ablation for cancer: Most common adverse reactions (≥ 10% and more common than placebo) were: arthralgia and back pain.  Pain in extremity and musculoskeletal pain have also been reported in clinical trials (6.1)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Amgen Inc. at 1-800-77-AMGEN (1-800-772-6436) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.  

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    • Nursing mothers: Discontinue drug or nursing taking into consideration importance of drug to mother (8.3)
    • Pediatric patients: Safety and efficacy not established (8.4)
    • Renal impairment:No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with renal impairment.  Patients with creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min or receiving dialysis are at risk for hypocalcemia. Supplement with calcium and vitamin D, and consider monitoring serum calcium (8.6)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

    Revised: 6/2014

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

    1.2 Treatment to Increase Bone Mass in Men with Osteoporosis

    1.3 Treatment of Bone Loss in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    1.4 Treatment of Bone Loss in Women Receiving Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer

    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Dosage

    2.2 Preparation and Administration

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    4.1 Hypocalcemia

    4.2 Pregnancy

    4.3 Hypersensitivity

    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Drug Products with Same Active Ingredient

    5.2 Hypersensitivity

    5.3 Hypocalcemia and Mineral Metabolism

    5.4 Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

    5.5 Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures

    5.6 Serious Infections

    5.7 Dermatologic Adverse Reactions

    5.8 Musculoskeletal Pain

    5.9 Suppression of Bone Turnover

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    6.2 Postmarketing Experience

    6.3 Immunogenicity

    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    8.6 Renal Impairment

    8.7 Hepatic Impairment

    8.8 Males

    10 OVERDOSAGE

    11 DESCRIPTION

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

    14.2 Treatment to Increase Bone Mass in Men with Osteoporosis

    14.3 Treatment of Bone Loss in Men with Prostate Cancer

    14.4 Treatment of Bone Loss in Women with Breast Cancer

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    17.1 Drug Products with Same Active Ingredient

    17.2 Hypersensitivity

    17.3 Hypocalcemia

    17.4 Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

    17.5 Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures

    17.6 Serious Infections

    17.7 Dermatologic Reactions

    17.8 Musculoskeletal Pain

    17.9 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    17.10 Nursing Mothers

    17.11 Schedule of Administration

    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
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  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

    Prolia is indicated for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture; or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy.  In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, Prolia reduces the incidence of vertebral, nonvertebral, and hip fractures [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    1.2 Treatment to Increase Bone Mass in Men with Osteoporosis

    Prolia is indicated for treatment to increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture; or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

    1.3 Treatment of Bone Loss in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    Prolia is indicated as a treatment to increase bone mass in men at high risk for fracture receiving androgen deprivation therapy for nonmetastatic prostate cancer. In these patients Prolia also reduced the incidence of vertebral fractures [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

    1.4 Treatment of Bone Loss in Women Receiving Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer

    Prolia is indicated as a treatment to increase bone mass in women at high risk for fracture receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy for breast cancer [see Clinical Studies (14.4)].

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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Recommended Dosage

    Prolia should be administered by a healthcare professional.

    The recommended dose of Prolia is 60 mg administered as a single subcutaneous injection once every 6 months.  Administer Prolia via subcutaneous injection in the upper arm, the upper thigh, or the abdomen.  All patients should receive calcium 1000 mg daily and at least 400 IU vitamin D daily [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    If a dose of Prolia is missed, administer the injection as soon as the patient is available.  Thereafter, schedule injections every 6 months from the date of the last injection.

    2.2 Preparation and Administration

    Visually inspect Prolia for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Prolia is a clear, colorless to pale yellow solution that may contain trace amounts of translucent to white proteinaceous particles. Do not use if the solution is discolored or cloudy or if the solution contains many particles or foreign particulate matter.

    Latex Allergy: People sensitive to latex should not handle the grey needle cap on the single-use prefilled syringe, which contains dry natural rubber (a derivative of latex).

    Prior to administration, Prolia may be removed from the refrigerator and brought to room temperature (up to 25°C/77°F) by standing in the original container. This generally takes 15 to 30 minutes. Do not warm Prolia in any other way [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16)].

    Instructions for Prefilled Syringe with Needle Safety Guard
    IMPORTANT: In order to minimize accidental needlesticks, the Prolia single-use prefilled syringe will have a green safety guard; manually activate the safety guard after the injection is given.

    DO NOT slide the green safety guard forward over the needle before administering the injection; it will lock in place and prevent injection.

    Image 1

    Activate the green safety guard (slide over the needle) after the injection.

    The grey needle cap on the single-use prefilled syringe contains dry natural rubber (a derivative of latex); people sensitive to latex should not handle the cap.

    Step 1: Remove Grey Needle Cap

     Remove needle cap.  Image 2

    Step 2: Administer Subcutaneous Injection

    Choose an injection site.  The recommended injection sites for Prolia include: the upper arm OR the upper thigh OR the abdomen.  Upper Thigh, Upper Arm, Abdomen
    Insert needle and inject all the liquid subcutaneously.  Do not administer into muscle or blood vessel.  subcutatenous-injection

    DO NOT put grey needle cap back on needle.

    Step 3: Immediately Slide Green Safety Guard Over Needle

    With the needle pointing away from you…

    Hold the prefilled syringe by the clear plastic finger grip with one hand.  Then, with the other hand, grasp the green safety guard by its base and gently slide it towards the needle until the green safety guard locks securely in place and/or you hear a “click.”  DO NOT grip the green safety guard too firmly – it will move easily if you hold and slide it gently.

     Hold clear finger grip.  Image 4
    Gently slide green safety guard over needle and lock securely in place.  Do not grip green safety guard too firmly when sliding over needle.  Image 5

    Immediately dispose of the syringe and needle cap in the nearest sharps container. DO NOT put the needle cap back on the used syringe.

    Instructions for Single-use Vial
    For administration of Prolia from the single-use vial, use a 27-gauge needle to withdraw and inject the 1 mL dose.  Do not re-enter the vial.  Discard vial and any liquid remaining in the vial.

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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    • 1 mL of a 60 mg/mL solution in a single-use prefilled syringe
    • 1 mL of a 60 mg/mL solution in a single-use vial
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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    4.1 Hypocalcemia

    Pre-existing hypocalcemia must be corrected prior to initiating therapy with Prolia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    4.2 Pregnancy

    Prolia may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.  In utero denosumab exposure in cynomolgus monkeys resulted in increased fetal loss, stillbirths, and postnatal mortality, along with evidence of absent lymph nodes, abnormal bone growth and decreased neonatal growth.  Prolia is contraindicated in women who are pregnant.  If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

    4.3 Hypersensitivity

    Prolia is contraindicated in patients with a history of systemic hypersensitivity to any component of the product.  Reactions have included anaphylaxis, facial swelling and urticaria [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Drug Products with Same Active Ingredient

    Prolia contains the same active ingredient (denosumab) found in Xgeva. Patients receiving Prolia should not receive Xgeva.

    5.2 Hypersensitivity

    Clinically significant hypersensitivity including anaphylaxis has been reported with Prolia. Symptoms have included hypotension, dyspnea, throat tightness, facial and upper airway edema, pruritus, and urticaria. If an anaphylactic or other clinically significant allergic reaction occurs, initiate appropriate therapy and discontinue further use of Prolia. [see Contraindications (4.3), Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

    5.3 Hypocalcemia and Mineral Metabolism

    Hypocalcemia may be exacerbated by the use of Prolia. Pre-existing hypocalcemia must be corrected prior to initiating therapy with Prolia. In patients predisposed to hypocalcemia and disturbances of mineral metabolism (e.g. history of hypoparathyroidism, thyroid surgery, parathyroid surgery, malabsorption syndromes, excision of small intestine, severe renal impairment [creatinine clearance <30 mL/min] or receiving dialysis), clinical monitoring of calcium and mineral levels (phosphorus and magnesium) is highly recommended.

    Hypocalcemia following Prolia administration is a significant risk in patients with severe renal impairment [creatinine clearance <30 mL/min] or receiving dialysis. These patients may also develop marked elevations of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH). Instruct all patients with severe renal impairment, including those receiving dialysis, about the symptoms of hypocalcemia and the importance of maintaining calcium levels with adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation.

    Adequately supplement all patients with calcium and vitamin D [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Contraindications (4.1), Adverse Reactions (6.1), and Patient Counseling Information (17.3)].

    5.4 Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), which can occur spontaneously, is generally associated with tooth extraction and/or local infection with delayed healing. ONJ has been reported in patients receiving denosumab [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. A routine oral exam should be performed by the prescriber prior to initiation of Prolia treatment.  A dental examination with appropriate preventive dentistry should be considered prior to treatment with Prolia in patients with risk factors for ONJ such as invasive dental procedures (e.g. tooth extraction, dental implants, oral surgery), diagnosis of cancer, concomitant therapies (e.g. chemotherapy, corticosteroids), poor oral hygiene, and co-morbid disorders (e.g. periodontal and/or other pre-existing dental disease, anemia, coagulopathy, infection, ill-fitting dentures).  Good oral hygiene practices should be maintained during treatment with Prolia.

    For patients requiring invasive dental procedures, clinical judgment of the treating physician and/or oral surgeon should guide the management plan of each patient based on individual benefit-risk assessment.

    Patients who are suspected of having or who develop ONJ while on Prolia should receive care by a dentist or an oral surgeon. In these patients, extensive dental surgery to treat ONJ may exacerbate the condition. Discontinuation of Prolia therapy should be considered based on individual benefit-risk assessment.

    5.5 Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures

    Atypical low-energy or low trauma fractures of the shaft have been reported in patients receiving Prolia [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. These fractures can occur anywhere in the femoral shaft from just below the lesser trochanter to above the supracondylar flare and are transverse or short oblique in orientation without evidence of comminution. Causality has not been established as these fractures also occur in osteoporotic patients who have not been treated with anti-resorptive agents.

    Atypical femoral fractures most commonly occur with minimal or no trauma to the affected area. They may be bilateral and many patients report prodromal pain in the affected area, usually presenting as dull, aching thigh pain, weeks to months before a complete fracture occurs.  A number of reports note that patients were also receiving treatment with glucocorticoids (e.g. prednisone) at the time of fracture.

    During Prolia treatment, patients should be advised to report new or unusual thigh, hip, or groin pain. Any patient who presents with thigh or groin pain should be suspected of having an atypical fracture and should be evaluated to rule out an incomplete femur fracture. Patient presenting with an atypical femur fracture should also be assessed for symptoms and signs of fracture in the contralateral limb. Interruption of Prolia therapy should be considered, pending a risk/benefit assessment, on an individual basis.

    5.6 Serious Infections

    In a clinical trial of over 7800 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, serious infections leading to hospitalization were reported more frequently in the Prolia group than in the placebo group [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Serious skin infections, as well as infections of the abdomen, urinary tract, and ear, were more frequent in patients treated with Prolia. Endocarditis was also reported more frequently in Prolia-treated patients. The incidence of opportunistic infections was similar between placebo and Prolia groups, and the overall incidence of infections was similar between the treatment groups. Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention if they develop signs or symptoms of severe infection, including cellulitis. 

    Patients on concomitant immunosuppressant agents or with impaired immune systems may be at increased risk for serious infections.  Consider the benefit-risk profile in such patients before treating with Prolia. In patients who develop serious infections while on Prolia, prescribers should assess the need for continued Prolia therapy.

    5.7 Dermatologic Adverse Reactions

    In a large clinical trial of over 7800 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, epidermal and dermal adverse events such as dermatitis, eczema, and rashes occurred at a significantly higher rate in the Prolia group compared to the placebo group. Most of these events were not specific to the injection site [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Consider discontinuing Prolia if severe symptoms develop.

    5.8 Musculoskeletal Pain

    In post-marketing experience, severe and occasionally incapacitating bone, joint, and/or muscle pain has been reported in patients taking Prolia [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. The time to onset of symptoms varied from one day to several months after starting Prolia. Consider discontinuing use if severe symptoms develop [see Patient Counseling Information (17.8)].

    5.9 Suppression of Bone Turnover

    In clinical trials in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment with Prolia resulted in significant suppression of bone remodeling as evidenced by markers of bone turnover and bone histomorphometry [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2) and Clinical Studies (14.1)]. The significance of these findings and the effect of long-term treatment with Prolia are unknown. The long-term consequences of the degree of suppression of bone remodeling observed with Prolia may contribute to adverse outcomes such as osteonecrosis of the jaw, atypical fractures, and delayed fracture healing. Monitor patients for these consequences.

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following serious adverse reactions are discussed below and also elsewhere in the labeling:

    • Hypocalcemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
    • Serious Infections [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]
    • Dermatologic Adverse Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]
    • Osteonecrosis of the Jaw [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
    • Atypical Subtrochanteric and DiaphysealFemoral Fractures [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

    The most common adverse reactions reported with Prolia in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis are back pain, pain in extremity, musculoskeletal pain, hypercholesterolemia, and cystitis.

    The most common adverse reactions reported with Prolia in men with osteoporosis are back pain, arthralgia, and nasopharyngitis.

    The most common (per patient incidence ≥ 10%) adverse reactions reported with Prolia in patients with bone loss receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer or adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy for breast cancer are arthralgia and back pain.  Pain in extremity and musculoskeletal pain have also been reported in clinical trials. 

    The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation of Prolia in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis are back pain and constipation.

    The Prolia Postmarketing Active Safety Surveillance Program is available to collect information from prescribers on specific adverse events.  Please see www.proliasafety.com or call 1-800-772-6436 for more information about this program. 

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. 

    Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

    The safety of Prolia in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis was assessed in a 3-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study of 7808 postmenopausal women aged 60 to 91 years.  A total of 3876 women were exposed to placebo and 3886 women were exposed to Prolia administered subcutaneously once every 6 months as a single 60 mg dose. All women were instructed to take at least 1000 mg of calcium and 400 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

    The incidence of all-cause mortality was 2.3% (n = 90) in the placebo group and 1.8% (n = 70) in the Prolia group.  The incidence of nonfatal serious adverse events was 24.2% in the placebo group and 25.0% in the Prolia group. The percentage of patients who withdrew from the study due to adverse events was 2.1% and 2.4% for the placebo and Prolia groups, respectively.

    Adverse reactions reported in ≥ 2% of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and more frequently in the Prolia-treated women than in the placebo-treated women are shown in the table below.

    Table 1. Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 2% of Patients with Osteoporosis and More Frequently than in Placebo-treated Patients
    SYSTEM ORGAN CLASS
       Preferred Term
     Prolia
    (N = 3886)
    n (%)
     Placebo
    (N = 3876)
    n (%)
     BLOOD AND LYMPHATIC SYSTEM DISORDERS
        Anemia  129 (3.3)  107 (2.8)
     CARDIAC DISORDERS
        Angina pectoris  101 (2.6)  87 (2.2)
        Atrial fibrillation  79 (2.0)  77 (2.0)
     EAR AND LABYRINTH DISORDERS
        Vertigo  195 (5.0)  187 (4.8)
     GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS
        Abdominal pain upper  129 (3.3)  111 (2.9)
        Flatulence  84 (2.2)  53 (1.4)
        Gastroesophageal reflux disease  80 (2.1)  66 (1.7)
     GENERAL DISORDERS AND ADMINISTRATION SITE CONDITIONS
        Edema peripheral  189 (4.9)  155 (4.0)
        Asthenia  90 (2.3)  73 (1.9)
     INFECTIONS AND INFESTATIONS
        Cystitis  228 (5.9)  225 (5.8)
        Upper respiratory tract infection  190 (4.9)  167 (4.3)
        Pneumonia  152 (3.9)  150 (3.9)
        Pharyngitis  91 (2.3)  78 (2.0)
        Herpes zoster  79 (2.0)  72 (1.9)
     METABOLISM AND NUTRITION DISORDERS
        Hypercholesterolemia  280 (7.2)  236 (6.1)
     MUSCULOSKELETAL AND CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISORDERS
        Back pain  1347 (34.7)  1340 (34.6)
        Pain in extremity  453 (11.7)  430 (11.1)
        Musculoskeletal pain  297 (7.6)  291 (7.5)
        Bone pain  142 (3.7)  117 (3.0)
        Myalgia  114 (2.9)  94 (2.4)
        Spinal osteoarthritis  82 (2.1)  64 (1.7)
     NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS
        Sciatica  178 (4.6)  149 (3.8)
     PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS
        Insomnia  126 (3.2)  122 (3.1)
     SKIN AND SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE DISORDERS
        Rash  96 (2.5)  79 (2.0)
        Pruritus  87 (2.2)  82 (2.1)

    Hypocalcemia
    Decreases in serum calcium levels to less than 8.5 mg/dL at any visit were reported in 0.4% women in the placebo group and 1.7% women in the Prolia group.  The nadir in serum calcium level occurs at approximately day 10 after Prolia dosing in subjects with normal renal function.

    In clinical studies, subjects with impaired renal function were more likely to have greater reductions in serum calcium levels compared to subjects with normal renal function.  In a study of 55 subjects with varying degrees of renal function, serum calcium levels < 7.5 mg/dL or symptomatic hypocalcemia were observed in 5 subjects.  These included no subjects in the normal renal function group, 10% of subjects in the creatinine clearance 50 to 80 mL/min group, 29% of subjects in the creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min group, and 29% of subjects in the hemodialysis group.  These subjects did not receive calcium and vitamin D supplementation.  In a study of 4550 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, the mean change from baseline in serum calcium level 10 days after Prolia dosing was -5.5% in subjects with creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min vs. -3.1% in subjects with creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min. 

    Serious Infections
    Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) is expressed on activated T and B lymphocytes and in lymph nodes. Therefore, a RANKL inhibitor such as Prolia may increase the risk of infection.  

    In the clinical study of 7808 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, the incidence of infections resulting in death was 0.2% in both placebo and Prolia treatment groups.  However, the incidence of nonfatal serious infections was 3.3% in the placebo and 4.0% in the Prolia groups.  Hospitalizations due to serious infections in the abdomen (0.7% placebo vs. 0.9% Prolia), urinary tract (0.5% placebo vs. 0.7% Prolia), and ear (0.0% placebo vs. 0.1% Prolia) were reported.  Endocarditis was reported in no placebo patients and 3 patients receiving Prolia.

    Skin infections, including erysipelas and cellulitis, leading to hospitalization were reported more frequently in patients treated with Prolia (< 0.1% placebo vs. 0.4% Prolia).

    The incidence of opportunistic infections was similar to that reported with placebo.

    Dermatologic Reactions
    A significantly higher number of patients treated with Prolia developed epidermal and dermal adverse events (such as dermatitis, eczema, and rashes), with these events reported in 8.2% of the placebo and 10.8% of the Prolia groups (p < 0.0001).  Most of these events were not specific to the injection site [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

    Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
    ONJ has been reported in the osteoporosis clinical trial program in patients treated with Prolia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Fractures
    In the osteoporosis clinical trial program, atypical femoral fractures were reported in patients treated with Prolia.  The duration of Prolia exposure to time of atypical femoral fracture diagnosis was as early as 2½ years [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

    Pancreatitis
    Pancreatitis was reported in 4 patients (0.1%) in the placebo and 8 patients (0.2%) in the Prolia groups.  Of these reports, 1 patient in the placebo group and all 8 patients in the Prolia group had serious events, including one death in the Prolia group.  Several patients had a prior history of pancreatitis.  The time from product administration to event occurrence was variable.

    New Malignancies
    The overall incidence of new malignancies was 4.3% in the placebo and 4.8% in the Prolia groups.  New malignancies related to the breast (0.7% placebo vs. 0.9% Prolia), reproductive system (0.2% placebo vs. 0.5% Prolia), and gastrointestinal system (0.6% placebo vs. 0.9% Prolia) were reported.  A causal relationship to drug exposure has not been established.

    Treatment to Increase Bone Mass in Men with Osteoporosis

    The safety of Prolia in the treatment of men with osteoporosis was assessed in a 1-year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.  A total of 120 men were exposed to placebo and 120 men were exposed to Prolia administered subcutaneously once every 6 months as a single 60 mg dose. All men were instructed to take at least 1000 mg of calcium and 800 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

    The incidence of all-cause mortality was 0.8% (n = 1) in the placebo group and 0.8% (n = 1) in the Prolia group.  The incidence of nonfatal serious adverse events was 7.5% in the placebo group and 8.3% in the Prolia group.  The percentage of patients who withdrew from the study due to adverse events was 0% and 2.5% for the placebo and Prolia groups, respectively.

    Adverse reactions reported in ≥ 5% of men with osteoporosis and more frequently with Prolia than in the placebo-treated patients were: back pain (6.7% placebo vs. 8.3% Prolia), arthralgia (5.8% placebo vs. 6.7% Prolia), and nasopharyngitis (5.8% placebo vs. 6.7% Prolia).

    Serious Infections
    Serious infection was reported in 1 patient (0.8%) in the placebo group and no patients in the Prolia group.

    Dermatologic Reactions
    Epidermal and dermal adverse events (such as dermatitis, eczema, and rashes) were reported in 4 patients (3.3%) in the placebo group and 5 patients (4.2%) in the Prolia group.

    Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
    No cases of ONJ were reported.

    Pancreatitis
    Pancreatitis was reported in 1 patient (0.8%) in the placebo group and 1 patient (0.8%) in the Prolia group. 

    New Malignancies
    New malignancies were reported in no patients in the placebo group and 4 (3.3%) patients (3 prostate cancers, 1 basal cell carcinoma) in the Prolia group.

    Treatment of Bone Loss in Patients Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer or Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer
    The safety of Prolia in the treatment of bone loss in men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was assessed in a 3‑year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study of 1468 men aged 48 to 97 years.  A total of 725 men were exposed to placebo and 731 men were exposed to Prolia administered once every 6 months as a single 60 mg subcutaneous dose.  All men were instructed to take at least 1000 mg of calcium and 400 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

    The incidence of serious adverse events was 30.6% in the placebo group and 34.6% in the Prolia group.  The percentage of patients who withdrew from the study due to adverse events was 6.1% and 7.0% for the placebo and Prolia groups, respectively.

    The safety of Prolia in the treatment of bone loss in women with nonmetastatic breast cancer receiving aromatase inhibitor (AI)  therapy was assessed in a 2‑year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study of 252 postmenopausal women aged 35 to 84 years.  A total of 120 women were exposed to placebo and 129 women were exposed to Prolia administered once every 6 months as a single 60 mg subcutaneous dose.  All women were instructed to take at least 1000 mg of calcium and 400 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

    The incidence of serious adverse events was 9.2% in the placebo group and 14.7% in the Prolia group. The percentage of patients who withdrew from the study due to adverse events was 4.2% and 0.8% for the placebo and Prolia groups, respectively.

    Adverse reactions reported in ≥ 10% of Prolia-treated patients receiving ADT for prostate cancer or adjuvant AI therapy for breast cancer, and more frequently than in the placebo-treated patients were: arthralgia (13.0% placebo vs. 14.3% Prolia) and back pain (10.5% placebo vs. 11.5% Prolia).  Pain in extremity (7.7% placebo vs. 9.9% Prolia) and musculoskeletal pain (3.8% placebo vs. 6.0% Prolia) have also been reported in clinical trials.  Additionally in Prolia-treated men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer receiving ADT, a greater incidence of cataracts was observed (1.2% placebo vs. 4.7% Prolia).  Hypocalcemia (serum calcium < 8.4 mg/dL) was reported only in Prolia-treated patients (2.4% vs. 0%) at the month 1 visit.

    6.2 Postmarketing Experience

    Because postmarketing reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

    The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Prolia:

    • Drug-related hypersensitivity reactions: anaphylaxis, rash, urticaria, facial swelling, and erythema  
    • Hypocalcemia: severe symptomatic hypocalcemia
    • Musculoskeletal pain, including severe cases
    • Parathyroid Hormone (PTH): Marked elevation in serum PTH in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min) or receiving dialysis.

    6.3 Immunogenicity

    Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody.  As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity.  Using an electrochemiluminescent bridging immunoassay, less than 1% (55 out of 8113) of patients treated with Prolia for up to 5 years tested positive for binding antibodies (including pre-existing, transient, and developing antibodies).  None of the patients tested positive for neutralizing antibodies, as was assessed using a chemiluminescent cell-based in vitro biological assay.  No evidence of altered pharmacokinetic profile, toxicity profile, or clinical response was associated with binding antibody development.

    The incidence of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay.  Additionally, the observed incidence of a positive antibody (including neutralizing antibody) test result may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease.  For these reasons, comparison of antibodies to denosumab with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.

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  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    In subjects with postmenopausal osteoporosis, Prolia (60 mg subcutaneous injection) did not affect the pharmacokinetics of midazolam, which is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), indicating that it should not affect the pharmacokinetics of drugs metabolized by this enzyme in this population [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category X

    Risk Summary
    Prolia may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman based on findings in animals.  In utero denosumab exposure in cynomolgus monkeys resulted in increased fetal loss, stillbirths, and postnatal mortality, along with evidence of absent lymph nodes, abnormal bone growth and decreased neonatal growth.  Prolia is contraindicated in women who are pregnant.  If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus.

    Women who become pregnant during Prolia treatment are encouraged to enroll in Amgen’s Pregnancy Surveillance Program.  Patients or their physicians should call 1-800-77-AMGEN (1-800-772-6436) to enroll.

    Clinical Considerations
    The effects of Prolia on the fetus are likely to be greater during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.  Monoclonal antibodies, such as denosumab, are transported across the placenta in a linear fashion as pregnancy progresses, with the largest amount transferred during the third trimester.  If the patient becomes pregnant during Prolia therapy, treatment should be discontinued and the patient should consult their physician.

    Animal Data
    The effects of denosumab on prenatal development have been studied in both cynomolgus monkeys and genetically engineered mice in which RANK ligand (RANKL) expression was turned off by gene removal (a “knockout mouse”).  In cynomolgus monkeys dosed subcutaneously with denosumab throughout pregnancy at a pharmacologically active dose, there was increased fetal loss during gestation, stillbirths, and postnatal mortality.  Other findings in offspring included absence of axillary, inguinal, mandibular, and mesenteric lymph nodes; abnormal bone growth, reduced bone strength, reduced hematopoiesis, dental dysplasia and tooth malalignment; and decreased neonatal growth.  At birth out to 1 month of age, infants had measurable blood levels of denosumab (22-621% of maternal levels). 

    Following a recovery period from birth out to 6 months of age, the effects on bone quality and strength returned to normal; there were no adverse effects on tooth eruption, though dental dysplasia was still apparent; axillary and inguinal lymph nodes remained absent, while mandibular and mesenteric lymph nodes were present, though small; and minimal to moderate mineralization in multiple tissues was seen in one recovery animal.  There was no evidence of maternal harm prior to labor; adverse maternal effects occurred infrequently during labor.  Maternal mammary gland development was normal.  There was no fetal NOAEL (no observable adverse effect level) established for this study because only one dose of 50 mg/kg was evaluated. 

    In RANKL knockout mice, absence of RANKL (the target of denosumab) also caused fetal lymph node agenesis and led to postnatal impairment of dentition and bone growth.  Pregnant RANKL knockout mice showed altered maturation of the maternal mammary gland, leading to impaired lactation [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3) and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)].

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    It is not known whether Prolia is excreted into human milk.  Measurable concentrations of denosumab were present in the maternal milk of cynomolgus monkeys up to 1 month after the last dose of denosumab (≤ 0.5% milk:serum ratio).  Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Prolia, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

    Maternal exposure to Prolia during pregnancy may impair mammary gland development and lactation based on animal studies in pregnant mice lacking the RANK/RANKL signaling pathway that have shown altered maturation of the maternal mammary gland, leading to impaired lactation postpartum.  However in cynomolgus monkeys treated with denosumab throughout pregnancy, maternal mammary gland development was normal, with no impaired lactation.  Mammary gland histopathology at 6 months of age was normal in female offspring exposed to denosumab in utero; however, development and lactation have not been fully evaluated [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)].

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    Prolia is not recommended in pediatric patients.  The safety and effectiveness of Prolia in pediatric patients have not been established.

    Treatment with Prolia may impair bone growth in children with open growth plates and may inhibit eruption of dentition.  In neonatal rats, inhibition of RANKL (the target of Prolia therapy) with a construct of osteoprotegerin bound to Fc (OPG-Fc) at doses ≤ 10 mg/kg was associated with inhibition of bone growth and tooth eruption.  Adolescent primates treated with denosumab at doses 10 and 50 times (10 and 50 mg/kg dose) higher than the recommended human dose of 60 mg administered every 6 months, based on body weight (mg/kg), had abnormal growth plates, considered to be consistent with the pharmacological activity of denosumab.

    Cynomolgus monkeys exposed in utero to denosumab exhibited bone abnormalities, an absence of axillary, inguinal, mandibular, and mesenteric lymph nodes, reduced hematopoiesis, tooth malalignment, and decreased neonatal growth.  Some bone abnormalities recovered once exposure was ceased following birth; however, axillary and inguinal lymph nodes remained absent 6 months post-birth [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Of the total number of patients in clinical studies of Prolia, 9943 patients (76%) were ≥ 65 years old, while 3576 (27%) were ≥ 75 years old.  Of the patients in the osteoporosis study in men, 133 patients (55%) were ≥ 65 years old, while 39 patients (16%) were ≥ 75 years old.  No overall differences in safety or efficacy were observed between these patients and younger patients and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

    8.6 Renal Impairment

    No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with renal impairment.

    In clinical studies, patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min) or receiving dialysis were at greater risk of developing hypocalcemia.  Consider the benefit-risk profile when administering Prolia to patients with severe renal impairment or receiving dialysis.  Clinical monitoring of calcium and mineral levels (phosphorus and magnesium) is highly recommended.  Adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D is important in patients with severe renal impairment or receiving dialysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Adverse Reactions (6.1), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    8.7 Hepatic Impairment

    No clinical studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of Prolia.

    8.8 Males

    Prolia may cause fetal harm [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

    The extent to which denosumab is present in seminal fluid is unknown.  There is a potential for fetal exposure to denosumab when a man treated with Prolia has unprotected sexual intercourse with a pregnant partner.  The risk of fetal harm is likely to be low.  Advise men being treated with Prolia who have a pregnant partner of this potential risk.

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  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    There is no experience with overdosage with Prolia.

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Prolia (denosumab) is a human IgG2 monoclonal antibody with affinity and specificity for human RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand).  Denosumab has an approximate molecular weight of 147 kDa and is produced in genetically engineered mammalian (Chinese hamster ovary) cells.

    Prolia is a sterile, preservative-free, clear, colorless to pale yellow solution.

    Each 1 mL single-use prefilled syringe of Prolia contains 60 mg denosumab (60 mg/mL solution), 4.7% sorbitol, 17 mM acetate, 0.01% polysorbate 20, Water for Injection (USP), and sodium hydroxide to a pH of 5.2.

    Each 1 mL single-use vial of Prolia contains 60 mg denosumab (60 mg/mL solution), 4.7% sorbitol, 17 mM acetate, Water for Injection (USP), and sodium hydroxide to a pH of 5.2.

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Prolia binds to RANKL, a transmembrane or soluble protein essential for the formation, function, and survival of osteoclasts, the cells responsible for bone resorption.  Prolia prevents RANKL from activating its receptor, RANK, on the surface of osteoclasts and their precursors.  Prevention of the RANKL/RANK interaction inhibits osteoclast formation, function, and survival, thereby decreasing bone resorption and increasing bone mass and strength in both cortical and trabecular bone.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    In clinical studies, treatment with 60 mg of Prolia resulted in reduction in the bone resorption marker serum type 1 C-telopeptide (CTX) by approximately 85% by 3 days, with maximal reductions occurring by 1 month.  CTX levels were below the limit of assay quantitation (0.049 ng/mL) in 39% to 68% of patients 1 to 3 months after dosing of Prolia.  At the end of each dosing interval, CTX reductions were partially attenuated from a maximal reduction of ≥ 87% to ≥ 45% (range: 45% to 80%), as serum denosumab levels diminished, reflecting the reversibility of the effects of Prolia on bone remodeling.  These effects were sustained with continued treatment.  Upon reinitiation, the degree of inhibition of CTX by Prolia was similar to that observed in patients initiating Prolia treatment. 

    Consistent with the physiological coupling of bone formation and resorption in skeletal remodeling, subsequent reductions in bone formation markers (i.e. osteocalcin and procollagen type 1 N-terminal peptide [PlNP]) were observed starting 1 month after the first dose of Prolia.  After discontinuation of Prolia therapy, markers of bone resorption increased to levels 40% to 60% above pretreatment values but returned to baseline levels within 12 months.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    In a study conducted in healthy male and female volunteers (n = 73, age range: 18 to 64 years) following a single subcutaneously administered Prolia dose of 60 mg after fasting (at least for 12 hours), the mean maximum denosumab concentration (Cmax) was 6.75 mcg/mL (standard deviation [SD] = 1.89 mcg/mL).  The median time to maximum denosumab concentration (Tmax) was 10 days (range: 3 to 21 days).  After Cmax, serum denosumab concentrations declined over a period of 4 to 5 months with a mean half-life of 25.4 days (SD = 8.5 days; n = 46).  The mean area-under-the-concentration-time curve up to 16 weeks (AUC0-16 weeks) of denosumab was 316 mcg×day/mL (SD = 101 mcg×day/mL).

    No accumulation or change in denosumab pharmacokinetics with time was observed upon multiple dosing of 60 mg subcutaneously administered once every 6 months. 

    Prolia pharmacokinetics were not affected by the formation of binding antibodies.

    A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to evaluate the effects of demographic characteristics.  This analysis showed no notable differences in pharmacokinetics with age (in postmenopausal women), race, or body weight (36 to 140 kg).

    Drug Interactions
    In a study of 17 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, midazolam (2 mg oral) was administered two weeks after a single dose of denosumab (60 mg subcutaneous injection), which approximates the Tmax of denosumab.  Denosumab did not affect the pharmacokinetics of midazolam, which is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4).  This indicates that denosumab should not alter the pharmacokinetics of drugs metabolized by CYP3A4 in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

    Specific Populations
    Gender:Mean serum denosumab concentration-time profiles observed in a study conducted in healthy men ≥ 50 years were similar to those observed in a study conducted in postmenopausal women using the same dose regimen. 

    Age: The pharmacokinetics of denosumab were not affected by age across all populations studied whose ages ranged from 28 to 87 years.

    Race: The pharmacokinetics of denosumab were not affected by race.

    Renal Impairment: In a study of 55 patients with varying degrees of renal function, including patients on dialysis, the degree of renal impairment had no effect on the pharmacokinetics of denosumab; thus, dose adjustment for renal impairment is not necessary.

    Hepatic Impairment: No clinical studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of denosumab.

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Carcinogenicity
    The carcinogenic potential of denosumab has not been evaluated in long-term animal studies.

    Mutagenicity
    The genotoxic potential of denosumab has not been evaluated.

    Impairment of Fertility
    Denosumab had no effect on female fertility or male reproductive organs in monkeys at doses that were 13- to 50-fold higher than the recommended human dose of 60 mg subcutaneously administered once every 6 months, based on body weight (mg/kg).

    13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

    Denosumab is an inhibitor of osteoclastic bone resorption via inhibition of RANKL.

    In ovariectomized monkeys, once-monthly treatment with denosumab suppressed bone turnover and increased bone mineral density (BMD) and strength of cancellous and cortical bone at doses 50-fold higher than the recommended human dose of 60 mg administered once every 6 months, based on body weight (mg/kg).  Bone tissue was normal with no evidence of mineralization defects, accumulation of osteoid, or woven bone.

    Because the biological activity of denosumab in animals is specific to nonhuman primates, evaluation of genetically engineered (“knockout”) mice or use of other biological inhibitors of the RANK/RANKL pathway, namely OPG-Fc, provided additional information on the pharmacodynamic properties of denosumab.  RANK/RANKL knockout mice exhibited absence of lymph node formation, as well as an absence of lactation due to inhibition of mammary gland maturation (lobulo-alveolar gland development during pregnancy).  Neonatal RANK/RANKL knockout mice exhibited reduced bone growth and lack of tooth eruption.  A corroborative study in 2-week-old rats given the RANKL inhibitor OPG-Fc also showed reduced bone growth, altered growth plates, and impaired tooth eruption.  These changes were partially reversible in this model when dosing with the RANKL inhibitors was discontinued.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

    The efficacy and safety of Prolia in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis was demonstrated in a 3-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.  Enrolled women had a baseline BMD T‑score between -2.5 and -4.0 at either the lumbar spine or total hip.  Women with other diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteogenesis imperfecta, and Paget’s disease) or on therapies that affect bone were excluded from this study.  The 7808 enrolled women were aged 60 to 91 years with a mean age of 72 years.  Overall, the mean baseline lumbar spine BMD T-score was -2.8, and 23% of women had a vertebral fracture at baseline.  Women were randomized to receive subcutaneous injections of either placebo (N = 3906) or Prolia 60 mg (N = 3902) once every 6 months.  All women received at least 1000 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D supplementation daily. 

    The primary efficacy variable was the incidence of new morphometric (radiologically-diagnosed) vertebral fractures at 3 years.  Vertebral fractures were diagnosed based on lateral spine radiographs (T4-L4) using a semiquantitative scoring method.  Secondary efficacy variables included the incidence of hip fracture and nonvertebral fracture, assessed at 3 years.

    Effect on Vertebral Fractures
    Prolia significantly reduced the incidence of new morphometric vertebral fractures at 1, 2, and 3 years (p < 0.0001), as shown in Table 2. The incidence of new vertebral fractures at year 3 was 7.2% in the placebo-treated women compared to 2.3% for the Prolia-treated women.  The absolute risk reduction was 4.8% and relative risk reduction was 68% for new morphometric vertebral fractures at year 3.

    Table 2. The Effect of Prolia on the Incidence of New Vertebral Fractures in Postmenopausal Women
    *
    Event rates based on crude rates in each interval.
    Absolute risk reduction and relative risk reduction based on Mantel-Haenszel method adjusting for age group variable.
       Proportion of Women With Fracture (%)*   

    Absolute
    Risk Reduction
    (%)
    (95% CI)

     

    Relative
    Risk Reduction
    (%)
    (95% CI)

       

    Placebo
    N = 3691
    (%)

     

    Prolia
    N = 3702
    (%)

     0-1 Year  2.2  0.9  1.4 (0.8, 1.9)  61 (42, 74)
     0-2 Years  5.0  1.4  3.5 (2.7, 4.3)  71 (61, 79)
     0-3 Years  7.2  2.3  4.8 (3.9, 5.8)  68 (59, 74)

    Prolia was effective in reducing the risk for new morphometric vertebral fractures regardless of age, baseline rate of bone turnover, baseline BMD, baseline history of fracture, or prior use of a drug for osteoporosis.

    Effect on Hip Fractures
    The incidence of hip fracture was 1.2% for placebo-treated women compared to 0.7% for Prolia-treated women at year 3.  The age-adjusted absolute risk reduction of hip fractures was 0.3% with a relative risk reduction of 40% at 3 years (p = 0.04) (Figure 1).

    Figure 1

    Figure 1. Cumulative Incidence of Hip Fractures Over 3 Years

    Effect on Nonvertebral Fractures
    Treatment with Prolia resulted in a significant reduction in the incidence of nonvertebral fractures (Table 3).

    Table 3. The Effect of Prolia on the Incidence of Nonvertebral Fractures at Year 3
    *
    Event rates based on Kaplan-Meier estimates at 3 years.
    Excluding those of the vertebrae (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), skull, facial, mandible, metacarpus, and finger and toe phalanges.
    p-value = 0.01.
       Proportion of Women With Fracture (%)*   

    Absolute Risk Reduction (%)

    (95% CI)
     

    Relative Risk Reduction (%)

    (95% CI)
       

    Placebo

    N = 3906

    (%)
     

    Prolia

    N = 3902

    (%)
     Nonvertebral fracture   8.0  6.5  1.5 (0.3, 2.7)  20 (5, 33) 

    Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD)
    Treatment with Prolia significantly increased BMD at all anatomic sites measured at 3 years.  The treatment differences in BMD at 3 years were 8.8% at the lumbar spine, 6.4% at the total hip, and 5.2% at the femoral neck.  Consistent effects on BMD were observed at the lumbar spine, regardless of baseline age, race, weight/body mass index (BMI), baseline BMD, and level of bone turnover.

    After Prolia discontinuation, BMD returned to approximately baseline levels within 12 months.

    Bone Histology and Histomorphometry
    A total of 115 transiliac crest bone biopsy specimens were obtained from 92 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at either month 24 and/or month 36 (53 specimens in Prolia group, 62 specimens in placebo group).  Of the biopsies obtained, 115 (100%) were adequate for qualitative histology and 7 (6%) were adequate for full quantitative histomorphometry assessment.

    Qualitative histology assessments showed normal architecture and quality with no evidence of mineralization defects, woven bone, or marrow fibrosis in patients treated with Prolia.

    The presence of double tetracycline labeling in a biopsy specimen provides an indication of active bone remodeling, while the absence of tetracycline label suggests suppressed bone formation.  In patients treated with Prolia, 35% had no tetracycline label present at the month 24 biopsy and 38% had no tetracycline label present at the month 36 biopsy, while 100% of placebo-treated patients had double label present at both time points.  When compared to placebo, treatment with Prolia resulted in virtually absent activation frequency and markedly reduced bone formation rates. However, the long-term consequences of this degree of suppression of bone remodeling are unknown.

    14.2 Treatment to Increase Bone Mass in Men with Osteoporosis

    The efficacy and safety of Prolia in the treatment to increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis was demonstrated in a 1-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.  Enrolled men had a baseline BMD T-score between -2.0 and -3.5 at the lumbar spine or femoral neck.  Men with a BMD T-score between -1.0 and -3.5 at the lumbar spine or femoral neck were also enrolled if there was a history of prior fragility fracture.  Men with other diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteogenesis imperfecta, and Paget’s disease) or on therapies that may affect bone were excluded from this study.  The 242 men enrolled in the study ranged in age from 31 to 84 years with a mean age of 65 years.  Men were randomized to receive SC injections of either placebo (n = 121) or Prolia 60 mg (n = 121) once every 6 months.  All men received at least 1000 mg calcium and at least 800 IU vitamin D supplementation daily.

    Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD)
    The primary efficacy variable was percent change in lumbar spine BMD from baseline to 1 year.  Secondary efficacy variables included percent change in total hip, and femoral neck BMD from baseline to 1 year.

    Treatment with Prolia significantly increased BMD at 1 year.  The treatment differences in BMD at 1 year were 4.8% (+0.9% placebo, +5.7% Prolia; (95% CI: 4.0, 5.6); p < 0.0001) at the lumbar spine, 2.0% (+0.3% placebo, +2.4% Prolia) at the total hip, and 2.2% (0.0% placebo, +2.1% Prolia) at femoral neck.  Consistent effects on BMD were observed at the lumbar spine regardless of baseline age, race, BMD, testosterone concentrations and level of bone turnover.

    Bone Histology and Histomorphometry
    A total of 29 transiliac crest bone biopsy specimens were obtained from men with osteoporosis at 12 months (17 specimens in Prolia group, 12 specimens in placebo group).  Of the biopsies obtained, 29 (100%) were adequate for qualitative histology and, in Prolia patients, 6 (35%) were adequate for full quantitative histomorphometry assessment.  Qualitative histology assessments showed normal architecture and quality with no evidence of mineralization defects, woven bone, or marrow fibrosis in patients treated with Prolia.  The presence of double tetracycline labeling in a biopsy specimen provides an indication of active bone remodeling, while the absence of tetracycline label suggests suppressed bone formation.  In patients treated with Prolia, 6% had no tetracycline label present at the month 12 biopsy, while 100% of placebo-treated patients had double label present.  When compared to placebo, treatment with Prolia resulted in markedly reduced bone formation rates.  However, the long-term consequences of this degree of suppression of bone remodeling are unknown.

    14.3 Treatment of Bone Loss in Men with Prostate Cancer

    The efficacy and safety of Prolia in the treatment of bone loss in men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) were demonstrated in a 3‑year, randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study.  Men less than 70 years of age had either a BMD T‑score at the lumbar spine, total hip, or femoral neck between ‑1.0 and -4.0, or a history of an osteoporotic fracture.  The mean baseline lumbar spine BMD T-score was -0.4, and 22% of men had a vertebral fracture at baseline.  The 1468 men enrolled ranged in age from 48 to 97 years (median 76 years).  Men were randomized to receive subcutaneous injections of either placebo (n = 734) or Prolia 60 mg (n = 734) once every 6 months for a total of 6 doses.  Randomization was stratified by age (< 70 years vs. ≥ 70 years) and duration of ADT at trial entry (≤ 6 months vs. > 6 months).  Seventy-nine percent of patients received ADT for more than 6 months at study entry.  All men received at least 1000 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D supplementation daily.

    Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD)
    The primary efficacy variable was percent change in lumbar spine BMD from baseline to month 24.  An additional key secondary efficacy variable was the incidence of new vertebral fracture through month 36 diagnosed based on x-ray evaluation by two independent radiologists.  Lumbar spine BMD was higher at 2 years in Prolia-treated patients as compared to placebo-treated patients [-1.0% placebo, +5.6% Prolia; treatment difference 6.7% (95% CI: 6.2, 7.1); p < 0.0001].

    With approximately 62% of patients followed for 3 years, treatment differences in BMD at 3 years were 7.9% (-1.2% placebo, +6.8% Prolia) at the lumbar spine, 5.7% (-2.6% placebo, +3.2% Prolia) at the total hip, and 4.9% (-1.8% placebo, +3.0% Prolia) at the femoral neck.  Consistent effects on BMD were observed at the lumbar spine in relevant subgroups defined by baseline age, BMD, and baseline history of vertebral fracture.

    Effect on Vertebral Fractures
    Prolia significantly reduced the incidence of new vertebral fractures at 3 years (p = 0.0125), as shown in Table 4.

    Table 4. The Effect of Prolia on the Incidence of New Vertebral Fractures in Men with Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer
    *
    Event rates based on crude rates in each interval.
    Absolute risk reduction and relative risk reduction based on Mantel-Haenszel method adjusting for age group and ADT duration variables.
       Proportion of Men With Fracture (%)*  Absolute Risk
    Reduction (%)
    (95% CI)
    Relative Risk
    Reduction (%)
    (95% CI)
     
       Placebo
    N = 673
    (%)
     Prolia
    N = 679
    (%)
     0-1 Year   1.9  0.3  1.6 (0.5, 2.8)  85 (33, 97)
     0-2 Years  3.3  1.0  2.2 (0.7, 3.8)  69 (27, 86)
     0-3 Years  3.9  1.5  2.4 (0.7, 4.1)  62 (22, 81)

    14.4 Treatment of Bone Loss in Women with Breast Cancer

    The efficacy and safety of Prolia in the treatment of bone loss in women receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy for breast cancer was assessed in a 2‑year, randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study.  Women had baseline BMD T-scores between ‑1.0 to ‑2.5 at the lumbar spine, total hip, or femoral neck, and had not experienced fracture after age 25.  The mean baseline lumbar spine BMD T-score was -1.1, and 2.0% of women had a vertebral fracture at baseline.  The 252 women enrolled ranged in age from 35 to 84 years (median 59 years).  Women were randomized to receive subcutaneous injections of either placebo (n = 125) or Prolia 60 mg (n = 127) once every 6 months for a total of 4 doses.  Randomization was stratified by duration of adjuvant AI therapy at trial entry (≤ 6 months vs. > 6 months).  Sixty-two percent of patients received adjuvant AI therapy for more than 6 months at study entry.  All women received at least 1000 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D supplementation daily.

    Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD)
    The primary efficacy variable was percent change in lumbar spine BMD from baseline to month 12.  Lumbar spine BMD was higher at 12 months in Prolia-treated patients as compared to placebo-treated patients [-0.7% placebo, +4.8% Prolia; treatment difference 5.5% (95% CI: 4.8, 6.3); p < 0.0001].    

    With approximately 81% of patients followed for 2 years, treatment differences in BMD at 2 years were 7.6% (-1.4% placebo, +6.2% Prolia) at the lumbar spine, 4.7 % (-1.0% placebo, +3.8% Prolia) at the total hip, and 3.6% (-0.8% placebo, +2.8% Prolia) at the femoral neck.

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  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Prolia is supplied in a single-use prefilled syringe with a safety guard or in a single-use vial.  The grey needle cap on the single-use prefilled syringe contains dry natural rubber (a derivative of latex).

     60 mg/1 mL in a single-use prefilled syringe  1 per carton  NDC 55513-710-01
     60 mg/1 mL in a single-use vial  1 per carton  NDC 55513-720-01

    Store Prolia in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) in the original carton.  Do not freeze. Prior to administration, Prolia may be allowed to reach room temperature (up to 25°C/77°F) in the original container.  Once removed from the refrigerator, Prolia must not be exposed to temperatures above 25°C/77°F and must be used within 14 days.  If not used within the 14 days, Prolia should be discarded.  Do not use Prolia after the expiry date printed on the label.

    Protect Prolia from direct light and heat.

    Avoid vigorous shaking of Prolia.

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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    See FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

    17.1 Drug Products with Same Active Ingredient

    Advise patients that denosumab is also marketed as Xgeva, and if taking Prolia, they should not receive Xgeva [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    17.2 Hypersensitivity

    Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention if signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions occur.  Advise patients who have had signs or symptoms of systemic hypersensitivity reactions that they should not receive denosumab (Prolia or Xgeva) [see Warnings & Precautions (5.2), Contraindications (4.3)].

    17.3 Hypocalcemia

    Adequately supplement patients with calcium and vitamin D and instruct them on the importance of maintaining serum calcium levels while receiving Prolia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].  Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention if they develop signs or symptoms of hypocalcemia.

    17.4 Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

    Advise patients to maintain good oral hygiene during treatment with Prolia and to inform their dentist prior to dental procedures that they are receiving Prolia. Patients should inform their physician or dentist if they experience persistent pain and/or slow healing of the mouth or jaw after dental surgery [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

    17.5 Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures

    Advise patients to report new or unusual thigh, hip, or groin pain [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

    17.6 Serious Infections

    Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention if they develop signs or symptoms of infections, including cellulitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

    17.7 Dermatologic Reactions

    Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention if they develop signs or symptoms of dermatological reactions (dermatitis, rashes, and eczema) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

    17.8 Musculoskeletal Pain

    Inform patients that severe bone, joint, and/or muscle pain have been reported in patients taking Prolia. Patients should report severe symptoms if they develop [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

    17.9 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

    Pregnancy
    Advise patients that Prolia is contraindicated in women who are pregnant and may cause fetal harm [see Contraindications (4.2), Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

    Males
    Advise patients of a potential for fetal exposure to denosumab when a man treated with Prolia has unprotected sexual intercourse with a pregnant partner [see Use in Specific Populations (8.8)]

    17.10 Nursing Mothers

    Advise patients that because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Prolia, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

    17.11 Schedule of Administration

    If a dose of Prolia is missed, administer the injection as soon as convenient. Thereafter, schedule injections every 6 months from the date of the last injection.

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  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    [Amgen Logo]

    Manufactured by:
    Amgen Manufacturing Limited, a subsidiary of Amgen Inc.
    One Amgen Center Drive
    Thousand Oaks, California 91320-1799

    Patent: http://pat.amgen.com/prolia/

    © 2010-2014 Amgen Inc.  All rights reserved.

    1xxxxxx - v7             

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  • MEDICATION GUIDE

    MEDICATION GUIDE

    Prolia® (PRÓ-lee-a)

    (denosumab)
    Injection, for subcutaneous use

    Read the Medication Guide that comes with Prolia before you start taking it and each time you get a refill.  There may be new information.  This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or treatment.  Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about Prolia.

    What is the most important information I should know about Prolia?

    If you receive Prolia, you should not receive XGEVA®.  Prolia contains the same medicine as Xgeva (denosumab). 

    Prolia can cause serious side effects including:

    • Serious allergic reactions.
      Serious allergic reactions have happened in people who take Prolia.  Call your doctor or go to your nearest emergency room right away if you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction.  Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include:
      • low blood pressure (hypotension)
      • trouble breathing
      • throat tightness
      • swelling of your face, lips, or tongue
      • rash
      • itchin
      • hives
    • Low calcium levels in your blood (hypocalcemia).
      Prolia may lower the calcium levels in your blood.  If you have low blood calcium before you start receiving Prolia, it may get worse during treatment.  Your low blood calcium must be treated before you receive Prolia.  Most people with low blood calcium levels do not have symptoms, but some people may have symptoms.  Call your doctor right away if you have symptoms of low blood calcium such as:
      • Spasms, twitches, or cramps in your muscles
      • Numbness or tingling in your fingers, toes, or around your mouth

         Your doctor may prescribe calcium and vitamin D to help prevent low calcium levels in your blood while you take Prolia.  
         Take calcium and vitamin D as your doctor tells you to.
             

    • Severe jaw bone problems (osteonecrosis).
      Severe jaw bone problems may happen when you take Prolia.  Your doctor should examine your mouth before you start Prolia.  Your doctor may tell you to see your dentist before you start Prolia.  It is important for you to practice good mouth care during treatment with Prolia.  Ask your doctor or dentist about good mouth care if you have any questions
    • Unusual thigh bone fractures.
      Some people have developed unusual fractures in their thigh bone. Symptoms of a fracture include new or unusual pain in your hip, groin, or thigh.
    • Serious infections.
      Serious infections in your skin, lower stomach area (abdomen), bladder, or ear may happen if you take Prolia.  Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis) due to an infection also may happen more often in people who take Prolia.  You may need to go to the hospital for treatment if you develop an infection.
             
      Prolia is a medicine that may affect the ability of your body to fight infections.  People who have weakened immune system or take medicines that affect the immune system may have an increased risk for developing serious infections.
           
      Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms of infection: 
           •   Fever or chills
           •   Skin that looks red or swollen and is hot or tender to touch
           •   Fever, shortness of breath, cough that will not go away
           •   Severe abdominal pain
           •   Frequent or urgent need to urinate or burning feeling when you urinate
    • Skin problems.
      Skin problems such as inflammation of your skin (dermatitis), rash, and eczema may happen if you take Prolia.  Call your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms of skin problems that do not go away or get worse:
      • Redness
      • Itching
      • Small bumps or patches (rash)
      • Your skin is dry or feels like leather
      • Blisters that ooze or become crusty
      • Skin peeling
    • Bone, joint, or muscle pain.
      Some people who take Prolia develop severe bone, joint, or muscle pain.

    Call your doctor right away if you have any of these side effects.

    What is Prolia?

    Prolia is a prescription medicine used to:

    • Treat osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of bone) in women after menopause (“change of life”) who:
      • are at high risk for fracture (broken bone)
      • cannot use another osteoporosis medicine or other osteoporosis medicines did not work well
    • Increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis who are at high risk for fracture
    • Treat bone loss in men who are at high risk for fracture receiving certain treatments for prostate cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body
    • Treat bone loss in women who are at high risk for fracture receiving certain treatments for breast cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body

    It is not known if Prolia is safe and effective in children.

    Who should not take Prolia?

    Do not take Prolia if you:

    • have been told by your doctor that your blood calcium level is too low.
    • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
    • are allergic to denosumab or any of the ingredients in Prolia.  See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in Prolia.

    What should I tell my doctor before taking Prolia?

    Before taking Prolia, tell your doctor if you:

    • Are taking a medicine called Xgeva (denosumab).  Xgeva contains the same medicine as Prolia.
    • Have low blood calcium
    • Cannot take daily calcium and vitamin D
    • Had parathyroid or thyroid surgery (glands located in your neck)
    • Have been told you have trouble absorbing minerals in your stomach or intestines (malabsorption syndrome)
    • Have kidney problems or are on kidney dialysis
    • Plan to have dental surgery or teeth removed.
    • Are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.  Prolia may harm your unborn baby.  Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking Prolia.
      • Pregnancy Surveillance Program:  Prolia is not intended for use in pregnant women.  If you become pregnant while taking Prolia, talk to your doctor about enrolling in Amgen’s Pregnancy Surveillance Program or call 1-800-772-6436 (1-800-77-AMGEN).  The purpose of this program is to collect information about women who have become pregnant while taking Prolia.
      • If you are a man and you receive Prolia:  Small amounts of Prolia may be in semen.  If your sexual partner is pregnant, some Prolia from your semen may reach the unborn baby.  While the risk is likely to be low, it is important to talk to your doctor if your partner becomes pregnant while you are taking Prolia.
    • Are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.  It is not known if Prolia passes into your breast milk.  You and your doctor should decide if you will take Prolia or breastfeed.  You should not do both.

    Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements. 

    Know the medicines you take.  Keep a list of medicines with you to show to your doctor or pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

    How will I receive Prolia?

    • Prolia is an injection that will be given to you by a healthcare professional.  Prolia is injected under your skin (subcutaneous).
    • You will receive Prolia 1 time every 6 months.
    • You should take calcium and vitamin D as your doctor tells you to while you receive Prolia.
    • If you miss a dose of Prolia, you should receive your injection as soon as you can.
    • Take good care of your teeth and gums while you receive Prolia.  Brush and floss your teeth regularly.
    • Tell your dentist that you are receiving Prolia before you have dental work.

    What are the possible side effects of Prolia?

    Prolia may cause serious side effects. 

    • See “What is the most important information I should know about Prolia?”
    • It is not known if the use of Prolia over a long period of time may cause slow healing of broken bones.

    The most common side effects of Prolia in women who are being treated for osteoporosis after menopause are:

    • back pain
    • pain in your arms and legs
    • high cholesterol
    • muscle pain
    • bladder infection

    The most common side effects of Prolia in men with osteoporosis are:

    • back pain
    • joint pain
    • common cold (runny nose or sore throat)

    The most common side effects of Prolia in patients receiving certain treatments for prostate or breast cancer are:

    • joint pain
    • back pain
    • pain in your arms and legs
    • muscle pain

    Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

    These are not all the possible side effects of Prolia.  For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.  You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

    How should I store Prolia if I need to pick it up from a pharmacy?

    • Keep Prolia in a refrigerator at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C) in the original carton. 
    • Do not freeze Prolia.
    • When you remove Prolia from the refrigerator, Prolia must be kept at room temperature [up to 77°F (25°C)] in the original carton and must be used within 14 days.
    • Do not keep Prolia at temperatures above 77°F (25°C).  Warm temperatures will affect how Prolia works.
    • Do not shake Prolia.
    • Keep Prolia in the original carton to protect from light.

    Keep Prolia and all medicines out of reach of children.

    General information about Prolia.

    Do not give Prolia to other people even if they have the same symptoms that you have.  It may harm them.

    This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about Prolia.  If you would like more information, talk with your doctor.  You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about Prolia that is written for health professionals. 

    For more information, go to www.Prolia.com or call Amgen at 1-800-772-6436.

    What are the ingredients in Prolia?
    Active ingredient:denosumab
    Inactive ingredients: sorbitol, acetate, polysorbate 20 (prefilled syringe only), Water for Injection (USP), and sodium hydroxide

    [Amgen Logo] 

    Amgen Manufacturing Limited, a subsidiary of Amgen Inc.
    One Amgen Center Drive
    Thousand Oaks, California 91320-1799

    This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

    1xxxxxx - v7                                                                          &

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  • PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - PREFILLED SYRINGE, 60 MG

    1 x 60 mg Single Use Prefilled Syringe

    NDC 55513-710-01

    AMGEN®

    prolia®

    (denosumab)

    60 mg/mL

    60 mg/mL Injection – For Subcutaneous Use Only.

    Single Use Prefilled Syringe.  Discard unused portion.

    Sterile Solution – No Preservative.

    Rx Only

    Refrigerate at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Do not freeze. Avoid excessive shaking. Protect from direct light and heat.

    This Product Contains Dry Natural Rubber.

    Manufactured by: Amgen Manufacturing Ltd., a subsidiary of Amgen Inc. Thousand Oaks, CA 91320-1799


    1 x 60 mg Single Use Prefilled Syringe NDC 55513-710-01 AMGEN® prolia® (denosumab) 60 mg/mL 60 mg/mL Injection – For Subcutaneous Use Only. Single Use Prefilled Syringe. Discard unused portion. Sterile Solution – No Preservative. Rx Only Refrigerate at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Do not freeze. Avoid excessive shaking. Protect from direct light and heat. This Product Contains Dry Natural Rubber. Manufactured by: Amgen Manufacturing Ltd., a subsidiary of Amgen Inc. Thousand Oaks, CA 91320-1799

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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    PROLIA 
    denosumab injection
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:55513-710
    Route of Administration SUBCUTANEOUS DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    DENOSUMAB (DENOSUMAB) DENOSUMAB 60 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    SODIUM ACETATE 1 mg  in 1 mL
    POLYSORBATE 20 0.1 mg  in 1 mL
    SORBITOL 47 mg  in 1 mL
    WATER  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:55513-710-01 1 in 1 CARTON
    1 1 mL in 1 SYRINGE
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    BLA BLA125320 06/05/2010
    Labeler - Amgen Inc (039976196)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    AMGEN INC. 027697609 ANALYSIS(55513-710), MANUFACTURE(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    AMGEN INC. 071629633 ANALYSIS(55513-710), MANUFACTURE(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Amgen Manufacturing Ltd 785800020 ANALYSIS(55513-710), MANUFACTURE(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Bio Reliance Corporation 147227730 ANALYSIS(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    BioReliance Ltd 217063511 ANALYSIS(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH and Co. KG 340700520 ANALYSIS(55513-710), MANUFACTURE(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Charles River Laboratories Inc. 177286606 ANALYSIS(55513-710)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Irvine Pharmaceutical Services 627085608 ANALYSIS(55513-710)
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