Label: ARGATROBAN- argatroban injection 

  • Label RSS
  • NDC Code(s): 42367-202-07, 42367-202-84
  • Packager: Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Category: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL
  • DEA Schedule: None
  • Marketing Status: New Drug Application

Drug Label Information

Updated 09/14

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  • HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
    These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Argatroban safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for Argatroban.
    ARGATROBAN INJECTION, aqueous solution for intravenous infusion only
    Initial U.S. Approval: 2000

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Argatroban is a direct thrombin inhibitor indicated:

    • For prophylaxis or treatment of thrombosis in adult patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) (1.1)
    • As an anticoagulant in adult patients with or at risk of HIT undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (1.2)

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    • Argatroban 50 mg in 50 mL aqueous solution (1 mg/mL) is intended for administration to adult patients (2.1)
    • Discontinue all parenteral anticoagulants before administering Argatroban Injection (2.1)
    • Adjust dosing in patients with HIT who have moderate or severe hepatic impairment (2.3)

    Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia (2.1)

    The dose for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia without hepatic impairment is 2 mcg/kg/min administered as a continuous infusion (2.1)

    • Discontinue heparin therapy and obtain a baseline aPTT before administering Argatroban (2.1)
    • After the initial dose of Argatroban, the dose can be adjusted as clinically indicated (2.1)

    Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (2.2)

    The dose for patients with or at risk for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention is started at 25 mcg/kg/min and a bolus of 350 mcg/kg administered via a large bore intravenous line over 3 to 5 minutes (2.2)

    • Activated clotting time (ACT) should be checked 5 to 10 minutes after the bolus dose is completed. The procedure may proceed if the ACT is greater than 300 seconds (2.2)
    • Monitoring therapy and dosage adjustments recommendations should be followed (2.2)
    • See special dosing recommendations for hepatic and renal impaired patients (2.3)

    DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Argatroban Injection is supplied in a single use vial, containing 50mg Argatroban in 50 mL aqueous solution (1 mg/mL) (3)

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    • Major bleeding (4)
    • History of hypersensitivity to this product (4)

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    • Risk of hemorrhage: Hemorrhage at any site can occur (unexplained fall in hematocrit or blood pressure or other unexplained symptom may indicate hemorrhage). Use with caution in patients at risk, including those receiving antiplatelet agents, thrombolytics, or other anticoagulants (5.1)
    • Use in hepatic impairment: Adjust starting dose and titrate carefully in patients with HIT who have moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Avoid use in PCI in patients with clinically significant hepatic impairment (5.2)

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    • HIT patients: The most common (> 5%) adverse reactions were dyspnea, hypotension, fever, diarrhea, sepsis, and cardiac arrest (6.1)
    • PCI patients: The most common (> 5%) adverse reactions were chest pain, hypotension, back pain, nausea, vomiting and headache (6.2)

    To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact The Medicines Company at 1-888-9776326 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    • Heparin: Allow sufficient time for heparin's effect on aPTT to decrease before initiating Argatroban Injection therapy (7.1)
    • Warfarin: Concomitant use results in increased prolongation of PT and INR (7.2)
    • Thrombolytic agents or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists: Safety and effectiveness of concomitant use with argatroban have not been established (7.4, 7.5)

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    • Nursing Mothers: Discontinue nursing or drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother (8.3)
    • Pediatric use: Safety and effectiveness have not been established; if used, initial infusion doses are lower than in adult patients (2.4, 8.4, 12.3)

    See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

    Revised: 8/2014

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  • FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

    1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia

    1.2 Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Dosing in Patients with Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

    2.2 Dosing in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    2.3 Dosing in Patients with Hepatic Impairment

    2.4 Dosing in Pediatric Patients With Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia/Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia and Thrombosis Syndrome

    2.5 Conversion to Oral Anticoagulant Therapy

    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Risk of Hemorrhage

    5.2 Use in Hepatic Impairment

    5.3 Laboratory Tests

    6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    6.1 Adverse Events in Patients with HIT (With or Without Thrombosis)

    6.2 Adverse Events in Patients with or at Risk for HIT Patients Undergoing PCI

    6.3 Intracranial Bleeding In Other Populations

    6.4 Allergic Reactions

    7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Heparin

    7.2 Oral Anticoagulant Agents

    7.3 Aspirin/Acetaminophen

    7.4 Thrombolytic Agents

    7.5 Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Antagonists

    8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    10 OVERDOSAGE

    11 DESCRIPTION

    12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

    14.2 Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) Patients with or at Risk for HIT

    16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    *
    Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
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  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    1.1 Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia

    Argatroban Injection is indicated for prophylaxis or treatment of thrombosis in adult patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT).

    1.2 Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Argatroban Injection is indicated as an anticoagulant in adult patients with or at risk for HIT undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

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  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Each 50 mL glass vial contains 50 mg argatroban (1 mg/mL); and, as supplied, is ready for intravenous infusion. Dilution is not required.

    Argatroban Injection is a clear, colorless to pale yellow solution. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Do not use if solution is cloudy, contains precipitates, or if the white flip top cap is not intact.

    Vial may be inverted for use with a medical infusion set.

    2.1 Dosing in Patients with Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

    Initial Dosage:

    Before administering argatroban, discontinue heparin therapy and obtain a baseline aPTT. The recommended initial dose of Argatroban for adult patients without hepatic impairment is 2 mcg/kg/min, administered as a continuous infusion (see Table 1).

    Table 1. Recommended Doses and Infusion Rates for 2 mcg/kg/min Dose of Argatroban for Patients With HIT* and Without Hepatic Impairment (1 mg/mL Concentration)

    *with or without thrombosis

    Body Weight (kg) Dose (mcg/min) Infusion Rate (mL/hr)
    50 100 6
    60 120 7
    70 140 8
    80 160 10
    90 180 11
    100 200 12
    110 220 13
    120 240 14
    130 260 16
    140 280 17

    Monitoring Therapy:

    For use in HIT, therapy with Argatroban Injection is monitored using the aPTT with a target range of 1.5 to 3 times the initial baseline value (not to exceed 100 seconds). Tests of anticoagulant effects (including the aPTT) typically attain steady-state levels within 1 to 3 hours following initiation of Argatroban Injection. Check the aPTT 2 hours after initiation of therapy and after any dose change to confirm that the patient has attained the desired therapeutic range.

    Dosage Adjustment:

    After the initiation of Argatroban Injection, adjust the dose (not to exceed 10 mcg/kg/min) as necessary to obtain a steady state aPTT in the target range [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

    2.2 Dosing in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Initial Dosage:

    Initiate an infusion of Argatroban Injection at 25 mcg/kg/min and administer a bolus of 350 mcg/kg via a large bore intravenous line over 3 to 5 minutes (see Table 2). Check an activated clotting time (ACT) 5 to 10 minutes after the bolus dose is completed. The PCI procedure may proceed if the ACT is greater than 300 seconds.

    Dosage Adjustment:

    If the ACT is less than 300 seconds, an additional intravenous bolus dose of 150 mcg/kg should be administered, the infusion dose increased to 30 mcg/kg/min, and the ACT checked 5 to 10 minutes later (see Table 2).

    If the ACT is greater than 450 seconds, the infusion rate should be decreased to 15 mcg/kg/min, and the ACT checked 5 to 10 minutes later (Table 3).

    Continue titrating the dose until a therapeutic ACT (between 300 and 450 seconds) has been achieved; continue the same infusion rate for the duration of the PCI procedure.

    In case of dissection, impending abrupt closure, thrombus formation during the procedure, or inability to achieve or maintain an ACT over 300 seconds, additional bolus doses of 150 mcg/kg may be administered and the infusion dose increased to 40 mcg/kg/min. Check the ACT after each additional bolus or change in the rate of infusion.

    Table 2. Recommended Starting and Maintenance Doses (Within the Target ACT Range) of Argatroban Injection in Patients Undergoing PCI Without Hepatic Impairment (1 mg/mL Concentration)

    NOTE: 1 mg = 1000 mcg; 1 kg = 2.2 lbs

    Body Weight (kg) Starting Bolus Dose (350 mcg/kg) Starting Maintenance Continuous
    Infusion Dosing For ACT 300-450 seconds 25 mcg/kg/min
    Bolus Dose (mcg) Bolus
    Volume
    (mL)
    Continuous
    Infusion Dose
    (mg/min)
    Continuous
    Infusion Rate
    (mL/hr)
     
    50 17500 18 1250 75
    60 21000 21 1500 90
    70 24500 25 1750 105
    80 28000 28 2000 120
    90 31500 32 2250 135
    100 35000 35 2500 150
    110 38500 39 2750 165
    120 42000 42 3000 180
    130 45500 46 3250 195
    140 49000 49 3500 210
    Table 3. Recommended Dose Adjustments of Argatroban Injection for Patients Outside of ACT Target Range Undergoing PCI Without Hepatic Impairment (1 mg/mL Concentration)

    NOTE: 1 mg = 1000 mcg; 1 kg – 2.2 lbs

    † Additional intravenous bolus dose of 150 mcg/kg should be administered if ACT less than 300 seconds.

    * No bolus dose is given if ACT greater than 450 seconds.

    Body
    Weight
    (kg)
    If ACT Less than 300 seconds
    Dosage Adjustment
    30 mcg/kg/min
    If ACT
    Greater than 450 seconds Dosage Adjustment* 15 mcg/kg/min
    Additional
    Bolus Dose
    (mcg)
    Bolus
    Volume
    (mL)
    Continuous
    Infusion
    Dose
    (mcg/min)
    Continuous
    Infusion Rate
    (mL/hr)
    Continuous
    Infusion
    Dose
    (mcg/min)
    Continuous
    Infusion Rate
    (mL/hr)
    50 7500 8 1500 90 750 45
    60 9000 9 1800 108 900 54
    70 10500 11 2100 126 1050 63
    80 12000 12 2400 144 1200 72
    90 13500 14 2700 162 1350 81
    100 15000 15 3000 180 1500 90
    110 16500 17 3300 198 1650 99
    120 18000 18 3600 216 1800 108
    130 19500 20 3900 234 1950 117
    140 21000 21 4200 252 2100 126

    Monitoring therapy:

    For use in PCI, therapy with Argatroban Injection is monitored using ACT. Obtain ACTs before dosing, 5 to 10 minutes after bolus dosing, following adjustments in the infusion rate, and at the end of the PCI procedure. Obtain additional ACTs every 20 to 30 minutes during a prolonged procedure.

    Continued Anticoagulation after PCI:

    If a patient requires anticoagulation after the procedure, Argatroban Injection may be continued, but at a rate of 2 mcg/kg/min and adjusted as needed to maintain the aPTT in the desired range [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

    2.3 Dosing in Patients with Hepatic Impairment

    For adult patients with HIT and moderate or severe hepatic impairment (based on Child-Pugh classification), an initial dose of 0.5 mcg/kg/min is recommended, based on the approximately 4-fold decrease in argatroban clearance relative to those with normal hepatic function. Monitor the aPTT closely, and adjust the dosage as clinically indicated.

    Monitoring Therapy:

    Achievement of steady state aPTT levels may take longer and require more dose adjustments in patients with hepatic impairment compared to patients with normal hepatic function.

    For patients with hepatic impairment undergoing PCI who have HIT or are at risk for HIT, carefully titrate argatroban until the desired level of anticoagulation is achieved. Use of Argatroban in PC patients with clinically significant hepatic disease or AST/ALT levels ≥ 3 times the upper limit of normal should be avoided. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

    2.4 Dosing in Pediatric Patients With Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia/Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia and Thrombosis Syndrome

    Initial Dosage:

    Initial argatroban infusion doses are lower for seriously ill pediatric patients compared to adults with normal hepatic function [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

    Monitoring Therapy:

    In general, therapy with argatroban is monitored using the aPTT. Tests of anticoagulant effects (including the aPTT) typically attain steady-state levels within one to three hours following initiation of argatroban in patients without hepatic impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Dose adjustment may be required to attain the target aPTT. Check the aPTT two hours after initiation of therapy and after any dose change to confirm that the patient has attained the desired therapeutic range.

    Dosage Adjustment: [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]

    2.5 Conversion to Oral Anticoagulant Therapy

    Initiating Oral Anticoagulant Therapy

    When converting patients from Argatroban to oral anticoagulant therapy, consider the potential for combined effects on the International Normalized Ratio (INR). To avoid prothrombotic effects and to ensure continuous anticoagulation when initiating warfarin, overlap Argatroban Injection and warfarin therapy. There are insufficient data available to recommend the duration of the overlap. Initiate therapy using the expected daily dose of warfarin. A loading dose of warfarin should not be used.

    The relationship between INR and bleeding risk is altered when argatroban and warfarin are coadministered. The combination of argatroban and warfarin does not cause further reduction in the vitamin-K dependent factor Xa activity than that which is seen with warfarin alone. The relationship between INR obtained on combined therapy and INR obtained on warfarin alone is dependent on both the dose of argatroban and the thromboplastin reagent used. The INR value on warfarin alone (INRw) can be calculated from the INR value on combination argatroban and warfarin therapy [see Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

    Co-Administration of Warfarin and Argatroban Injection at Doses up to 2 mcg/kg/min: Measure INR daily while Argatroban Injection and warfarin are co-administered. In general, with doses of Argatroban Injection up to 2 mcg/kg/min, Argatroban Injection can be discontinued when the INR is greater than 4 on combined therapy. After Argatroban Injection is discontinued, repeat the INR measurement in 4 to 6 hours. If the repeat INR is below the desired therapeutic range, resume the infusion of Argatroban Injection and repeat the procedure daily until the desired therapeutic range on warfarin alone is reached.

    Co-Administration of Warfarin and Argatroban Injection at Doses Greater than 2 mcg/kg/min: For doses greater than 2 mcg/kg/min, the relationship of INR between warfarin alone to the INR on warfarin plus argatroban is less predictable. In this case, in order to predict the INR on warfarin alone, temporarily reduce the dose of Argatroban Injection to a dose of 2 mcg/kg/min. Repeat the INR on Argatroban Injection and warfarin 4 to 6 hours after reduction of the Argatroban Injection dose and follow the process outlined above for administering Argatroban Injection at doses up to 2 mcg/kg/min.

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  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Argatroban Injection is supplied in a single use vial containing 50 mg argatroban in 50 mL aqueous solution (1 mg/mL). The solution is ready for intravenous infusion.

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  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Argatroban is contraindicated in:

    • Patients with major bleeding
    • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to argatroban. Airway, skin, and generalized hypersensitivity reactions have been reported [see Adverse Reactions (6.4)].
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  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Risk of Hemorrhage

    Hemorrhage can occur at any site in the body in patients receiving argatroban. An unexplained fall in hematocrit or hemoglobin or a fall in blood pressure should lead to consideration of a hemorrhagic event. Argatroban Injection should be used with extreme caution in disease states and other circumstances in which there is an increased danger of hemorrhage. These include severe hypertension; immediately following lumbar puncture; spinal anesthesia; major surgery, especially involving the brain, spinal cord or eye; hematologic conditions associated with increased bleeding tendencies such as congenital or acquired bleeding disorders and gastrointestinal lesions such as ulcerations.

    Concomitant use of argatroban with antiplatelet agents, thrombolytics, and other anticoagulants may increase the risk of bleeding.

    5.2 Use in Hepatic Impairment

    Use caution when administering argatroban to patients with hepatic impairment by starting with a lower dose and carefully titrating until the desired level of anticoagulation is achieved. Upon cessation of argatroban infusion in the hepatically impaired patient, full reversal of anticoagulant effects may require longer than 4 hours due to decreased clearance and increased elimination half-life of argatroban [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Use of argatroban in PCI patients with clinically significant hepatic disease or AST/ALT levels ≥3 times the upper limit of normal should be avoided.

    5.3 Laboratory Tests

    Anticoagulation effects associated with argatroban infusion at doses up to 40 mcg/kg/min correlate with increases of the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Although other global clot-based tests including prothrombin time (PT), the International Normalized Ratio (INR), and thrombin time (TT) are affected by argatroban, the therapeutic ranges for these tests have not been identified for argatroban therapy. In clinical trials in PCI, the activated clotting time (ACT) was used for monitoring argatroban anticoagulant activity during the procedure. The concomitant use of argatroban and warfarin results in prolongation of the PT and INR beyond that produced by warfarin alone [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

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  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse event rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    6.1 Adverse Events in Patients with HIT (With or Without Thrombosis)

    The following safety information is based on all 568 patients treated with argatroban in Study 1 and Study 2. The safety profile of the patients from these studies is compared with that of 193 historical controls in which the adverse events were collected retrospectively. Adverse events are separated into hemorrhagic and non-hemorrhagic events.

    Major bleeding was defined as bleeding that was overt and associated with a hemoglobin decrease ≥2 g/dL, that led to a transfusion of ≥2 units, or that was intracranial, retroperitoneal, or into a major prosthetic joint. Minor bleeding was overt bleeding that did not meet the criteria for major bleeding.

    Table 4 gives an overview of the most frequently observed hemorrhagic events, presented separately by major and minor bleeding, sorted by decreasing occurrence among argatroban-treated patients with HIT (with or without thrombosis).

    Table 4. Major and Minor Hemorrhagic Adverse Events in Patients With HIT*

    a) Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.

    b) One patient experienced intracranial hemorrhage 4 days after discontinuation of argatroban and following therapy with urokinase and oral anticoagulation.

    c) The historical control group consisted of patients with a clinical diagnosis of HIT (with or without thrombosis) that were considered eligible by an independent medical panel.

    DIC = disseminated intravascular coagulation.

    BKA = below-the-knee amputation

    Argatroban-treated
    Patients
    (Study 1 and Study 2) (n = 568) %
    Historical Control
    (n = 193)
    %
    Major Hemorrhagic Eventsa
    Overall bleeding 5.3 6.7
    Gastrointestinal 2.3 1.6
    Genitourinary and hematuria 0.9 0.5
    Decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit 0.7 0
    Multisystem hemorrhage and DIC 0.5 1
    Limb and BKA stump 0.5 0
    Intracranial hemorrhage 0b 0.5
    Minor Hemorrhagic Eventsa
    Gastrointestinal 14.4 18.1
    Genitourinary and hematuria 11.6 0.8
    Decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit 10.4 0
    Groin 5.4 3.1
    Hemoptysis 2.9 0.8
    Brachial 2.4 0.8

    Table 5 gives an overview of the most frequently observed non-hemorrhagic events sorted by decreasing frequency of occurrence (≥2%) among argatroban-treated HIT/HITTS patients.

    Table 5. Non-hemorrhagic Adverse Events in Patientsa With HITb

    a) Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.

    b) with or without thrombosis

    c) The historical control group consisted of patients with a clinical diagnosis of HIT (with or without thrombosis) that were considered eligible by an independent medical panel.

    Argatroban-treated
    Patients
    (Study 1 and Study 2)
    (n = 568)
    %
    Historical
    Controlc
    (n = 193)
    %
    Dyspnea 8.1 8.8
    Hypotension 7.2 2.6
    Fever 6.9 2.1
    Diarrhea 6.2 1.6
    Sepsis 6.0 12.4
    Cardiac arrest 5.8 3.1
    Nausea 4.8 0.5
    Ventricular tachycardia 4.8 3.1
    Pain 4.6 3.1
    Urinary tract infection 4.6 5.2
    Vomiting 4.2 0
    Infection 3.7 3.6
    Pneumonia 3.3 9.3
    Atrial fibrillation 3.0 11.4
    Coughing 2.8 1.6
    Abnormal renal function 2.8 4.7
    Abdominal pain 2.6 1.6
    Cerebrovascular disorder 2.3 4.1

    6.2 Adverse Events in Patients with or at Risk for HIT Patients Undergoing PCI

    The following safety information is based on 91 patients initially treated with argatroban and 21 patients subsequently re-exposed to argatroban for a total of 112 PCIs with argatroban anticoagulation. Adverse events are separated into hemorrhagic (Table 6) and non-hemorrhagic (Table 7) events.

    Major bleeding was defined as bleeding that was overt and associated with a hemoglobin decrease ≥5 g/dL, that led to transfusion of ≥2 units, or that was intracranial, retroperitoneal, or into a major prosthetic joint.

    The rate of major bleeding events in patients treated with argatroban in the PCI trials was 1.8%.

    Table 6. Major and Minor Hemorrhagic Adverse Events in Patients With HIT Undergoing PCI

    a) Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.

    b) 91 patients who underwent 112 interventions.

    CABG = coronary artery bypass graft

    Major Hemorrhagic Eventsa
    Argatroban-treated Patients
    (n = 112)b
    %
    Retroperitoneal 0.9
    Gastrointestinal 0.9
    Intracranial 0
    Minor Hemorrhagic Eventsa
    Groin (bleeding or hematoma) 3.6
    Gastrointestinal (includes hematemesis) 2.6
    Genitourinary (includes hematuria) 1.8
    Decrease in hemoglobin and/or hematocrit 1.8
    CABG (coronary arteries) 1.8
    Access site 0.9
    Hemoptysis 0.9
    Other 0.9

    Table 7 gives an overview of the most frequently observed non-hemorrhagic events (>2%), sorted by decreasing frequency of occurrence among argatroban-treated PCI patients.

    Table 7. Non-hemorrhagic Adverse Eventsa in Patients With HIT Undergoing PCI

    a) Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.

    b) 91 patients who underwent 112 interventions.

    Argatroban Proceduresa
    (n = 112)b
    %
    Chest pain 15.2
    Hypotension 10.7
    Back pain 8.0
    Nausea 7.1
    Vomiting 6.3
    Headache 5.4
    Bradycardia 4.5
    Abdominal pain 3.6
    Fever 3.6
    Myocardial infarction 3.6

    There were 22 serious adverse events in 17 PCI patients (19.6% in 112 interventions). Table 8 lists the serious adverse events occurring in argatroban-treated-patients with or at risk for HIT undergoing PCI.

    Table 8. Serious Adverse Events in Patients With HIT Undergoing PCIa

    a) Individual events may also have been reported elsewhere (see Table 6 and 7).

    b) 91 patients underwent 112 procedures. Some patients may have experienced more than 1 event.

    Coded Term Argatroban Proceduresb (n = 112)
    Myocardial infarction 4 (3.5%)
    Angina Pectoris 2 (1.8%)
    Coronary thrombosis 2 (1.8%)
    Myocardial Ischemia 2 (1.8%)
    Occlusion coronary 2 (1.8%)
    Chest pain 1 (0.9%)
    Fever 1 (0.9%)
    Retroperitoneal hemorrhage 1 (0.9%)
    Aortic stenosis 1 (0.9%)
    Arterial thrombosis 1 (0.9%)
    Gastrointestinal hemorrhage 1 (0.9%)
    Gastrointestinal disorder (GERD) 1 (0.9%)
    Cerebrovascular disorder 1 (0.9%)
    Lung Edema disorder 1 (0.9%)
    Vascular disorder 1 (0.9%)

    6.3 Intracranial Bleeding In Other Populations

    Increased risks for intracranial bleeding have been observed in investigational studies of argatroban for other uses. In a study of patients with acute myocardial infarction receiving both argatroban and thrombolytic therapy (streptokinase or tissue plasminogen activator), the overall frequency of intracranial bleeding was 1% (8 out of 810 patients). Intracranial bleeding was not observed in 317 subjects or patients who did not receive concomitant thrombolysis [see Drug Interactions (7.4)].

    The safety and effectiveness of argatroban for cardiac indications other than PCI in patients with HIT have not been established. Intracranial bleeding was also observed in a prospective, placebo-controlled study of argatroban in patients who had onset of acute stroke within 12 hours of study entry. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was reported in 5 of 117 patients (4.3%) who received argatroban at 1 to 3 mcg/kg/min and in none of the 54 patients who received placebo. Asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 5 (4.3%) and 2 (3.7%) of the patients, respectively.

    6.4 Allergic Reactions

    One hundred fifty-six allergic reactions or suspected allergic reactions were observed in 1,127 individuals who were treated with argatroban in clinical pharmacology studies or for various clinical indications. About 95% (148/156) of these reactions occurred in patients who concomitantly received thrombolytic therapy (e.g., streptokinase) or contrast media.

    Allergic reactions or suspected allergic reactions in populations other than patients with HIT (with or without thrombosis) include (in descending order or frequency):

    • Airway reactions (coughing, dyspnea): 10% or more
    • Skin reactions (rash, bullous eruption): 1 to <10%
    • General reactions (vasodilation): 1 to 10%

    Limited data are available on the potential formation of drug-related antibodies. Plasma from 12 healthy volunteers treated with argatroban over 6 days showed no evidence of neutralizing antibodies. No loss of anticoagulant activity was noted with repeated administration of argatroban to more than 40 patients.

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  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Heparin

    If argatroban is to be initiated after cessation of heparin therapy, allow sufficient time for heparin's effect on the aPTT to decrease prior to initiation of argatroban therapy.

    7.2 Oral Anticoagulant Agents

    Pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions between argatroban and warfarin (7.5 mg single oral dose) have not been demonstrated. However, the concomitant use of argatroban and warfarin (5 to 7.5 mg initial oral dose, followed by 2.5 to 6 mg/day orally for 6 to 10 days) results in prolongation of the prothrombin time (PT) and International Normalized Ratio (INR) [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

    7.3 Aspirin/Acetaminophen

    No drug-drug interactions have been demonstrated between argatroban and concomitantly administered aspirin or acetaminophen [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.4 Thrombolytic Agents

    The safety and effectiveness of argatroban with thrombolytic agents have not been established [see Adverse Reactions (6.3)].

    7.5 Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Antagonists

    The safety and effectiveness of argatroban with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists have not been established.

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  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category B

    There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of argatroban use in pregnant women. Developmental studies performed in rats with argatroban at intravenous doses up to 27 mg/kg/day (0.3 times the maximum recommended human dose, based on body surface area) and in rabbits at intravenous doses up to 10.8 mg/kg/day (0.2 times the maximum recommended human dose, based on body surface area) have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus. Because animal reproductive studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    It is not known whether argatroban is excreted in human milk. Argatroban is detected in rat milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from argatroban, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of argatroban, including the appropriate anticoagulation goals and duration of therapy, have not been established among pediatric patients. Argatroban was studied among 18 seriously ill pediatric patients who required an alternative to heparin anticoagulation. Most patients were diagnosed with HIT or suspected HIT. Age ranges of patients were less than 6 months, n = 8; six months to less than 8 years, n=6; 8 to 16 years, n=4. All patients had serious underlying conditions and were receiving multiple concomitant medications. Thirteen patients received argatroban solely as a continuous infusion (no bolus dose). Dosing was initiated in the majority of these 13 patients at 1 mcg/kg/min. Dosing was titrated as needed to achieve and maintain an aPTT of 1.5 to 3 times the baseline value. Most patients required multiple dose adjustments to maintain anticoagulation parameters within the desired range. During the 30-day study period, thrombotic events occurred during argatroban administration to two patients and following argatroban discontinuation in three other patients. Major bleeding occurred among two patients; one patient experienced an intracranial hemorrhage after 4 days of argatroban therapy in the setting of sepsis and thrombocytopenia. Another patient completed 14 days of argatroban treatment in the study, but experienced an intracranial hemorrhage while receiving argatroban following completion of the study treatment period.

    When argatroban is used among seriously ill pediatric patients with HIT/HITTS who require an alternative to heparin and who have normal hepatic function, initiate a contiguous infusion of argatroban at a dose of 0.75 mcg/kg/min. Initiate the infusion at a dose of 0.2 mcg/kg/min among seriously ill pediatric patients with impaired hepatic function [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Check the aPTT two hours after the initiation of the argatroban infusion and adjust the dose to achieve the target aPTT. These dose recommendations are based upon a goal of aPTT prolongation of 1.5 to 3 times the baseline value and avoidance of an aPTT greater than 100 seconds. Increments of 0.1 to 0.25 mcg/kg/min for pediatric patients with normal hepatic function and increments of 0.05mcg/kg/min or lower for pediatric patients with impaired hepatic function may be considered but dose selection must take into account multiple factors including the current argatroban dose, the current aPTT, target aPTT, and the clinical status of the patient. These dose recommendations are based upon a goal of aPTT prolongation of 1.5 to 3 times the baseline value and avoidance of an aPTT greater than 100 seconds.

    8.5 Geriatric Use

    Of the total number of subjects (1340) in clinical studies of argatroban, 35% were 65 and over. In the clinical studies of adult patients with HIT (with or without thrombosis), the effectiveness of argatroban was not affected by age. No trends were observed across age groups for both aPTT and the ACT. The safety analysis did suggest that older patients tended to have an increased incidence of events compared to younger patients; however, older patients had increased underlying conditions, which may predispose them to events. The studies were not sized appropriately to detect differences in safety between age groups.

    8.6 Hepatic Impairment

    Dose reduction and careful titration are required when administering argatroban to patients with hepatic impairment. Reversal of anticoagulant effect may be prolonged in this population [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

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  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    Excessive anticoagulation, with or without bleeding, may be controlled by discontinuing argatroban or by decreasing the argatroban dose. In clinical studies, anticoagulation parameters generally returned from therapeutic levels to baseline within 2 to 4 hours after discontinuation of the drug. Reversal of anticoagulant effect may take longer in patients with hepatic impairment.

    No specific antidote to argatroban in available; if life- threatening bleeding occurs and excessive plasma levels of argatroban are suspected, discontinue argatroban immediately and measure aPTT and other coagulation parameters. When argatroban was administered as a continuous infusion (2 mcg/kg/min) prior to and during a 4-hour hemodialysis session, approximately 20% of Argatroban was cleared through dialysis.

    Single intravenous doses of argatroban at 200, 124, 150, and 200 mg/kg were lethal to mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs, respectively. The symptoms of acute toxicity were loss of righting reflex, tremors, clonic convulsions, paralysis of hind limbs, and coma.

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  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Argatroban is a synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor and the chemical name is 1-[5-[(aminoiminomethyl) amino]-1-oxo-2[[(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-methyl-8-quinolinyl)sulfonyl]amino]pentyl]- 4-methyl-2- piperidinecarboxylic acid, monohydrate. Argatroban has 4 asymmetric carbons. One of the asymmetric carbons has an R configuration (stereoisomer Type I) and an S configuration (stereoisomer Type II). Argatroban consists of a mixture of R and S stereoisomers at a ratio of approximately 65:35.

    The molecular formula of argatroban is C23H36N6O5S•H2O. Its molecular weight is 526.66 g/mol. The structural formula is:

    Structural Formula

    Argatroban Injection is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, clear, colorless to pale yellow, aqueous solution. It is supplied in a single use, clear glass vial containing 50 mg of argatroban in 50 mL solution. Each mL, contains 1 mg argatroban, 2 mg lactobionic acid, 2 mg L-methionine USP, 8 mg sodium chloride USP, and sodium hydroxide NF (for pH adjustment) in water for injection USP. The pH of the solution is approximately 8.8.

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  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Argatroban is a direct thrombin inhibitor that reversibly binds to the thrombin active site. Argatroban does not require the co-factor antithrombin III for antithrombotic activity. Argatroban exerts its anticoagulant effects by inhibiting thrombin-catalyzed or –induced reactions, including fibrin formation; activation of coagulation factors V, VIII, and XIII; activation of protein C; and platelet aggregation.

    Argatroban inhibits thrombin with an inhibition constant (Ki) of 0.04 mcM. At therapeutic concentrations, argatroban has little or no effect on related serine proteases (trypsin, factor Xa, plasmin, and kallikrein). Argatroban is capable of inhibiting the action of both free and clot-associated thrombin.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics

    When argatroban is administered by continuous infusion, anticoagulant effects and plasma concentrations of argatroban follow similar, predictable temporal response profiles, with low intersubject variability. Immediately upon initiation of argatroban infusion, anticoagulant effects are produced as plasma argatroban concentrations begin to rise. Steady-state levels of both drug and anticoagulant effect are typically attained within 1 to 3 hours and are maintained until the infusion is discontinued or the dosage adjusted. Steady-state plasma argatroban concentrations increase proportionally with dose (for infusion doses up to 40 mcg/kg/min in healthy subjects) and are well correlated with steady-state anticoagulant effects. For infusion doses up to 40 mcg/kg/min, argatroban increases in a dose-dependent fashion, the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), the activated clotting time (ACT), the prothrombin time (PT), the International Normalized Ratio (INR), and the thrombin time (TT) in healthy volunteers and cardiac patients. Representative steady-state plasma argatroban concentrations and anticoagulant effects are shown below for argatroban infusion doses up to 10 mcg/kg/min (see Figure 1).

    Figure 1.
    Relationship at Steady State Between Argatroban Dose, Plasma Argatroban
    Concentration and Anticoagulant Effect

    Figure 1

    Effect on International Normalized Ratio (INR): Because argatroban is a direct thrombin inhibitor, co administration of argatroban and warfarin produces a combined effect on the laboratory measurement of the INR. However, concurrent therapy, compared to warfarin monotherapy, exerts no additional effect on vitamin K-dependent factor Xa activity.

    The relationship between INR on co-therapy and warfarin alone is dependent on both the dose of argatroban and the thromboplastin reagent used. This relationship is influenced by the International Sensitivity Index (ISI) of the thromboplastin. Data for 2 commonly utilized thromboplastins with ISI values of 0.88 (Innovin, Dade) and 1.78 (Thromboplastin C Plus, Dade) are presented in Figure 2 for an Argatroban dose of 2 mcg/kg/min. Thromboplastins with higher ISI values than shown result in higher INRs on combined therapy of warfarin and argatroban. These data are based on results obtained in normal individuals [see Dosage and Administration (2.5), Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    Figure 2.
    INR Relationship of Argatroban Plus Warfarin Versus Warfarin Alone

    Figure 2

    Figure 2 demonstrates the relationship between INR for warfarin alone and INR for warfarin coadministered with argatroban at a dose of 2 mcg/kg/min. To calculate INR for warfarin alone (INRW), based on INR for co-therapy of warfarin and argatroban (INRWA), when the argatroban dose is 2 mcg/kg/min, use the equation next to the appropriate curve. Example: At a dose of 2 mcg/kg/min and an INR performed with Thromboplastin A, the equation 0.19 + 0.57 (INRWA) = INRW would allow a prediction of the INR on warfarin alone (INRW). Thus, using an INRWA value of 4.0 obtained on combined therapy: INRW = 0.19 + 0.57 (4) = 2.47 as the value for INR on warfarin alone. The error (confidence interval) associated with a prediction is ± 0.4 units. Similar linear relationships and prediction errors exist for argatroban at a dose of 1 mcg/kg/min. Thus, for argatroban doses of 1 or 2 mcg/kg/min, INRW can be predicted from INRWA. For argatroban doses greater than 2 mcg/kg/min, the error associated with predicting INRW from INRWA is ± 1. Thus INRW cannot be reliably predicted from INRWA at doses greater than 2 mcg/kg/min.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Distribution:

    Argatroban distributes mainly in the extra cellular fluid as evidenced by an apparent steady-state volume of distribution of 174 mL/kg (12.18 L in a 70 kg adult). Argatroban is 54% bound to human serum proteins, with binding to albumin and α1 – acid glycoprotein being 20% and 34%, respectively.

    Metabolism:

    The main route of argatroban metabolism is hydroxylation and aromatization of the 3 methyltetrahydroquinoline ring in the liver. The formation of each of the 4 known metabolites is catalyzed in vitro by the human liver microsomal cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP3A4/5. The primary metabolite (M1) exerts 3- to 5-fold weaker anticoagulant effects than argatroban. Unchanged argatroban is the major component in plasma. The plasma concentrations of M1 range between 0% and 20% of that of the parent drug. The other metabolites (M2 to M4) are found only in very low quantities in the urine and have not been detected in plasma or feces. These data, together with the lack of effect of erythromycin (a potent CYP3A4/5 inhibitor) on argatroban pharmacokinetics, suggest that CYP3A4/5 mediated metabolism is not an important elimination pathway in vivo.

    Total body clearance is approximately 5.1mL/kg/min (0.31 L/kg/hr) for infusion doses up to 40 mcg/kg/min. The terminal elimination half-life of argatroban ranges between 39 and 51 minutes.

    There is no interconversion of the 21-(R):21-(S) diastereoisomers. The plasma ratio of these diastereoisomers is unchanged by metabolism or hepatic impairment, remaining constant at 65:35 (± 2%).

    Excretion: Argatroban is excreted primarily in the feces, presumably through biliary secretion. In a study in which 14C-argatroban (5 mcg/kg/min) was infused for 4 hours into healthy subjects, approximately 65% of the radioactivity was recovered in the feces within 6 days of the start of infusion with little or no radioactivity subsequently detected. Approximately 22% of the radioactivity appeared in the urine within 12 hours of the start of infusion. Little or no additional urinary radioactivity was subsequently detected. Average percent recovery of unchanged drug, relative to total dose, was 16% in urine and at least 14% in feces.

    Special Populations:

    Hepatic Impairment: The dosage of argatroban should be decreased in patients with hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Patients with hepatic impairment were not studied in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) trials. At a dose of 2.5 mcg/kg/min, hepatic impairment is associated with decreased clearance and increased elimination half-life of argatroban (to 1.9 mL/kg/min and 181 minutes, respectively, for patients with a Child-Pugh score >6).

    Renal Impairment: No dosage adjustment is necessary in patients with renal dysfunction. The effect of renal disease on the pharmacokinetics of argatroban was studied in 6 subjects with normal renal function (mean Clcr = 95 ± 16 mL/min) and in 18 subjects with mild (mean Clcr = 64 ± 10 mL/min), moderate (mean Clcr = 41 ± 5.8 mL/min), and severe (mean Clcr 5 ± 7 mL/min) renal impairment. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of argatroban at dosages up to 5 mcg/kg/min were not significantly affected by renal dysfunction.

    Use of argatroban was evaluated in a study of 12 patients with stable end-stage renal disease undergoing chronic intermittent hemodialysis. Argatroban was administered at a rate of 2 to 3 mcg/kg/min (begun at least 4 hours prior to dialysis) or as a bolus dose of 250 mcg/kg at the start of dialysis followed by a continuous infusion of 2 mcg/kg/min. Although these regimens did not achieve the goal of maintaining ACT values at 1.8 times the baseline value throughout most of the hemodialysis period, the hemodialysis sessions were successfully completed with both of these regimens. The mean ACTs produced in this study ranged from 1.39 to 1.82 times baseline, and the mean aPTTs ranged from 1.96 to 3.4 times baseline. When argatroban was administered as a continuous infusion of 2 mcg/kg/min prior to and during a 4-hour hemodialysis session, approximately 20% was cleared through dialysis.

    Age, Gender: There are no clinically significant effects of age or gender on the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics (e.g. aPTT) of argatroban in adults.

    Pediatric: Argatroban clearance is decreased in seriously ill pediatric patients. Pharmacokinetic parameters of argatroban were characterized in a population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis with sparse data from 15 seriously ill pediatric patients. Clearance in pediatric patients (0.16 L/hr/kg) was 50% lower compared to healthy adults (0.31 L/hr/kg). Four pediatric patients with elevated bilirubin (secondary to cardiac complications or hepatic impairment) had, on average, 80% lower clearance (0.03 L/hr/kg)when compared to pediatric patients with normal bilirubin levels. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

    Drug-Drug Interactions:

    Digoxin: In 12 healthy volunteers, intravenous infusion of argatroban (2 mcg/kg/min) over 5 days (study days 11 to 15) did not affect the steady-state pharmacokinetics of oral digoxin (0.375 mg daily for 15 days).

    Erythromycin: In 10 healthy subjects, orally administered erythromycin (a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4/5) at 500 mg four times daily for 7 days had no effect on the pharmacokinetics of argatroban at a dose of 1 mcg/kg/min for 5 hours. These data suggest oxidative metabolism by CYP3A4/5 is not an important elimination pathway in vivo for argatroban.

    Aspirin and Acetaminophen: Drug-drug interactions have not been demonstrated between argatroban and concomitantly administered aspirin (162.5 mg orally given 26 and 2 hours prior to initiation of argatroban 1 mcg/kg/min over 4 hours) or acetaminophen (1,000 mg orally given 12, 6, and 0 hours prior to, and 6 and 12 hours subsequent to, initiation of argatroban 1.5 mcg/kg/min over 18 hours).

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  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Carcinogenicity studies with argatroban have not been performed.

    Argatroban was not genotoxic in the Ames test, the Chinese hamster ovary cell (CHO/HGPRT) forward mutation test, the Chinese hamster lung fibroblast chromosome aberration test, the rat hepatocyte, and WI-38 human fetal lung cell unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) tests, or the mouse micronucleus test. Argatroban at intravenous doses up to 27 mg/kg/day (0.3 times the recommended maximum human dose based on body surface area) had no effect on fertility and reproductive function of male and female rats.

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  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    14.1 Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

    The safety and efficacy of argatroban were evaluated in an historically controlled efficacy and safety study (Study 1) and a follow-on efficacy and safety study (Study 2). These studies were comparable with regard to study design, study objectives, dosing regimens as well as study outline, conduct, and monitoring. In these studies, 568 adult patients were treated with argatroban and 193 adult patients made up the historical control group. Patients had a clinical diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, either without thrombosis (HIT) or with thrombosis (HITTS [heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis syndrome]) and were males or non-pregnant females between the ages of 18 and 80 years old. HIT/HITTS was defined by a fall in platelet count to less than 100,000/μL or a 50% decrease in platelets after the initiation of heparin therapy with no apparent explanation other that HIT. Patients with HITTS also had an arterial or venous thrombosis documented by appropriate imaging techniques or supported by clinical evidence such as acute myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism, or other clinical indications of vascular occlusion. Patients who had documented histories of positive heparin-dependent antibody tests without current thrombocytopenia or heparin challenge (e.g., patients with latent disease) were also included if they required anticoagulation.

    These studies did not include patients with documented unexplained aPTT greater than 200% of control at baseline, documented coagulation disorder or bleeding diathesis unrelated to HIT, a lumbar puncture within the past 7 days or a history of previous aneurysm, hemorrhagic stroke, or a thrombotic stroke within the past 6 months unrelated to HIT.

    The initial dose of Argatroban was 2 mcg/kg/min. Two hours after the start of the argatroban infusion, an aPTT level was obtained and dose adjustments were made (up to a maximum of 10 mcg/kg/min) to achieve a steady-state aPTT value that was 1.5 to 3.0 times the baseline value, not to exceed 100 seconds. Overall the mean aPTT level for HIT and HITTS patients during the argatroban infusion increased from baseline values of 34 and 38 seconds, respectively, to 62.5 and 64.5 seconds, respectively.

    The primary efficacy analysis was based on a comparison of event rates for a composite endpoint that included death (all causes), amputation (all causes) or new thrombosis during the treatment and follow up period (study days 0 to 37). Secondary analyses included evaluation of the event rates for the components of the composite endpoint as well as time-to-event analyses.

    In study 1, a total of 304 patients were enrolled as follows: active HIT (n=129), active HITTS (n=144), or latent disease (n=31). Among the 193 historical controls, 139 (72%) had active HIT, 46 (24%) had active HITTS, and 8 (4%) had latent disease. Within each group, those with active HIT and those with latent disease were analyzed together. Positive laboratory confirmation of HIT/HITTS by the heparin-induced platelet aggregation test or serotonin release assay was demonstrated in 174 of 304 (57%) argatroban treated patients (i.e., in 80 with HIT or latent disease and 94 with HITTS) and in 149 of 193 (77%) historical controls (i.e., in 119 with HIT or latent disease and 30 with HITTS). The test results for the remainder of the patients and controls were either negative or not determined.

    There was a significant improvement in the composite outcome in patients with HIT and HITTS treated with argatroban versus those in the historical control group (see Table 9). The components of the composite endpoint are shown in Table 9.

    Table 9. Efficacy Results of Study 1: Composite Endpointa and Individual Components, Ranked by Severityb

    a) Death (all causes), amputation (all causes), or new thrombosis within 37-day study period.

    b) Reported as the most severe outcome among the components of composite endpoint (severity ranking: death>amputation>new thrombosis); patients may have had multiple outcomes.

    HIT HITTS HIT/HITTS
    Parameter, N (%) Control n = 147 Argatroban n = 160 Control n = 46 Argatroban n = 144 Control n = 193 Argatroban n = 304
    Composite Endpoint 57 (38.8) 41 (25.6) 26 (56.5) 63 (43.8) 83 (43.0) 104 (34.2)
    Individual Componentsb:
    Parameter, N (%) Control n = 147 Argatroban n = 160 Control n = 46 Argatroban n = 144 Control n = 193 Argatroban n = 304
    Death
    Amputation
    New
    Thrombosis
    32(21.8)
    3(2.0)
    22(15.0)
    27(16.9)
    3(1.9)
    11(6.9)
    13(28.3)
    4(8.7)
    9(19.6)
    26(18.1)
    16(11.1)
    21(14.6)
    45(23.3)
    7(3.6)
    31(16.1)
    53(17.4)
    19(6.2)
    32(10.5)

    Time-to-event analysis showed significant improvements in the time-to-first event in patients with HIT or HITTS treated with argatroban versus those in the historical control group. The between-group differences in the proportion of patients who remained free of death, amputation, or new thrombosis were statistically significant in favor of argatroban by these analyses.

    A time-to-event analysis for the composite endpoint is shown in Figure 3 for patients with HIT and Figure 4 for patients with HITTS.

    Figure 3.
    Time-to-First Event for the Composite Efficacy Endpoint: HIT Patients STUDY 1

    Figure 3

    Figure 4.
    Time-to-First Event for the Composite Efficacy Endpoint: HITTS Patients STUDY 1

    Figure 4

    In Study 2, a total of 264 patients were enrolled as follows: HIT (n=125) or HITTS (n=139). There was a significant improvement in the composite efficacy outcome for argatroban-treated patients, versus the same historical control group from Study 1, among patients having HIT (25.6% vs. 38.8%), patients having HITTS (41.0% vs. 56.5%), and patients having either HIT or HITTS (33.7% vs. 43.0%). Time-to-event analyses showed significant improvements in the time-tofirst event in patients with HIT or HITTS treated with argatroban versus those in the historical control group. The between-group differences in the proportion of patients who remained free of death, amputation, or new thrombosis were statistically significant in favor of argatroban.

    Anticoagulant Effect:

    In Study 1, the mean (± SE) dose of argatroban administered was 2.0 ± 0.1 mcg/kg/min in the HIT arm and 1.9 ± 0.1 mcg/kg/min in the HITTS arm. Seventy-six percent of patients with HIT and 81% of patients with HITTS achieved a target aPTT at least 1.5-fold greater than the baseline aPTT at the first assessment occurring on average at 4.6 hours (HIT) and 3.9 hours (HITTS) following initiation of argatroban therapy.

    No enhancement of aPTT response was observed in subjects receiving repeated administration of argatroban.

    Platelet Count Recovery:

    In Study 1, 53% of patients with HIT and 58% of patients with HITTS, had a recovery of platelet count by Day 3. Platelet Count Recovery was defined as an increase in platelet count to greater than 100,000/L or to at least 1.5- fold greater than the baseline count (platelet count at study initiation) by Day 3 of the study.

    14.2 Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) Patients with or at Risk for HIT

    In 3 similarly designed trials, argatroban was administered to 91 patients with current or previous clinical diagnosis of HIT or heparin-dependent antibodies, who underwent a total of 112 percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) including percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), coronary stent placement, or atherectomy. Among the 91 patients undergoing their first PCI with argatroban, notable ongoing or recent medical history included myocardial infarction (n = 35), unstable angina (n = 23), and chronic angina (n = 34). There were 33 females and 58 males. The average age was 67.6 years (median 70.7, range 44 to 86), and the average weight was 82.5 kg (median 81.0 kg, range 49 to 141).

    Twenty-one of the 91 patients had a repeat PCI using argatroban an average of 150 days after their initial PCI. Seven of 91 patients received glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. Safety and efficacy were assessed against historical control populations who had been anticoagulated with heparin.

    All patients received oral aspirin (325 mg) 2 to 24 hours prior to the interventional procedure. After venous or arterial sheaths were in place, anticoagulation was initiated with a bolus of argatroban of 350 mcg/kg via a large-bore intravenous line or through the venous sheath over 3 to 5 minutes. Simultaneously, a maintenance infusion of 25 mcg/kg/min was initiated to achieve a therapeutic activated clotting time (ACT) of 300 to 450 seconds. If necessary to achieve this therapeutic range, the maintenance infusion dose was titrated (15 to 40 mcg/kg/min) and/or an additional bolus dose of 150 mcg/kg could be given. Each patient's ACT was checked 5 to 10 minutes following the bolus dose. The ACT was checked as clinically indicated. Arterial and venous sheaths were removed no sooner than 2 hours after discontinuation of argatroban and when the ACT was less than 160 seconds.

    If a patient required anticoagulation after the procedure, argatroban could be continued, but at a lower infusion dose between 2.5 and 5 mcg/kg/min. An aPTT was drawn 2 hours after this dose reduction and the dose of argatroban then was adjusted as clinically indicated (not to exceed 10 mcg/kg/min), to reach an aPTT between 1.5 and 3 times baseline value (not to exceed 100 seconds).

    In 92 of the 112 interventions (82%), the patient received the initial bolus of 350 mcg/kg and an initial infusion dose of 25 mcg/kg/min. The majority of patients did not require additional bolus dosing during the PCI procedure. The mean value for the initial ACT measurement after the start of dosing for all interventions was 379 sec (median 338 sec; 5th percentile-95th percentile 238 to 675 sec). The mean ACT value per intervention over all measurements taken during the procedure was 416 sec (median 390 sec; 5th percentile-95th percentile 261 to 698 sec). About 65% of patients had ACTs within the recommended range of 300 to 450 seconds throughout the procedure. The investigators did not achieve anticoagulation within the recommended range in about 23% of patients. However, in this small sample, patients with ACTs below 300 seconds did not have more coronary thrombotic events, and patients with ACTs over 450 seconds did not have higher bleeding rates.

    Acute procedural success was defined as lack of death, emergent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), or Q-wave myocardial infarction. Acute procedural success was reported in 98.2% of patients who underwent PCIs with argatroban anticoagulation compared with 94.3% of historical control patients anticoagulated with heparin (p = NS). Among the 112 interventions, 2 patients had emergency CABGs, 3 had repeat PTCAs, 4 had non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions, 3 had myocardial ischemia, 1 had an abrupt closure, and 1 had an impending closure (some patients may have experienced more than 1 event). No patients died.

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  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Argatroban Injection is supplied in a single use vial containing 50 mg argatroban in 50 mL of aqueous solution (1 mg/mL).

    NDC 42367-203-07 – Package containing one vial of Argatroban Injection (each vial contains 50 mg of argatroban).

    NDC 42367-203-84 – Package containing 10 vials of Argatroban Injection (each vial contains 50 mg of Argatroban).

    Storage

    Store the vials in original cartons at 20° – 25° C (68° – 77° F) (see USP Controlled Room Temperature). Do not refrigerate or freeze. Retain in the original carton to prot.ect from light.

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  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Inform patients of the risks associated with Argatroban Injection as well as the plan for regular monitoring during administration of the drug. Specifically inform patients to report:

    • the use of any other products known to affect bleeding
    • any medical history that may increase the risk for bleeding, including a history of severe hypertension; recent lumbar puncture or spinal anesthesia; major surgery, especially involving the brain, spinal cord, or eye; hematologic conditions associated with increased bleeding tendencies such as congenital or acquired bleeding disorders and gastrointestinal lesions such as ulcerations.
    • any bleeding signs or symptoms
    • the occurrence of any signs or symptoms of allergic reactions (e.g., airway reactions, skin reactions and vasodilation reactions).

    Manufactured by:
    Cipla Ltd., India
    For:
    Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Woodcliff Lake, N.J. 07677

    Marketed by:
    The Medicines Company
    Parsippany, N.J. 07054

    PREMIERPRO™ Rx

    PremierPro™ Rx is a trademark of
    Premier, Inc., used under license

    August 2014

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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    Principal Display Panel - Carton Label

    NDC 42367-202-84 Rx Only

    Argatroban
    Injection

    50 mg per 50 mL

    (1 mg per mL)

    10 Single Use Vials

    For Intravenous
    Infusion Only

    PREMIERPro™ Rx

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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    Principal Display Panel - Carton Label

    NDC 42367-202-07 Rx Only

    Argatroban
    Injection

    50 mg per 50 mL

    (1 mg per mL)

    Do not dilute
    prior to administration

    For Intravenous Infusion Only

    Single Use Vial

    Discard Unused Portion

    PREMIERPro™ Rx

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  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    Principal Display Panel - Vial Label

    NDC 42367-202-07 Rx Only

    Argatroban Injection

    50 mg per 50 mL

    (1 mg per mL)

    Principal Display Panel - Vial Label
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  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    ARGATROBAN 
    argatroban injection
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:42367-202
    Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    Argatroban (Argatroban Anhydrous) Argatroban Anhydrous 1 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    Lactobionic acid 2 mg  in 1 mL
    Methionine 2 mg  in 1 mL
    Sodium Chloride 8 mg  in 1 mL
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:42367-202-84 10 in 1 CARTON
    1 NDC:42367-202-07 1 in 1 CARTON
    1 50 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE; Combination Product Type = C112160
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA022434 09/06/2011
    Labeler - Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (849818161)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Cipla Limited 650072015 MANUFACTURE(42367-202)
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