LEVEMIR®(insulin detemir [rDNA origin] injection)

levemir (insulin detemirinjection 
[Novo Nordisk Inc.]

DESCRIPTION

LEVEMIR® (insulin detemir [rDNA origin] injection) is a sterile solution of insulin detemir for use as an injection. Insulin detemir is a long-acting basal insulin analog, with up to 24 hours duration of action, produced by a process that includes expression of recombinant DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae followed by chemical modification.

Insulin detemir differs from human insulin in that the amino acid threonine in position B30 has been omitted, and a C14 fatty acid chain has been attached to the amino acid B29. Insulin detemir has a molecular formula of C267H402O76N64S6 and a molecular weight of 5916.9. It has the following structure:

Image from Drug Label Content

LEVEMIR is a clear, colorless, aqueous, neutral sterile solution. Each milliliter of LEVEMIR contains 100 U (14.2 mg/mL) insulin detemir.

Each milliliter of LEVEMIR 10 mL Vial contains the inactive ingredients 65.4 mcg zinc, 2.06 mg m-cresol, 30.0 mg mannitol, 1.80 mg phenol, 0.89 mg disodium phosphate dihydrate, 1.17 mg sodium chloride, and water for injection. Each milliliter of LEVEMIR 3 mL PenFill® cartridge, FlexPen® and InnoLet® contains the inactive ingredients 65.4 mcg zinc, 2.06 mg m-cresol, 16.0 mg glycerol, 1.80 mg phenol, 0.89 mg disodium phosphate dihydrate, 1.17 mg sodium chloride, and water for injection.

Hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide may be added to adjust pH. LEVEMIR has a pH of approximately 7.4.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

The primary activity of insulin detemir is the regulation of glucose metabolism. Insulins, including insulin detemir, exert their specific action through binding to insulin receptors.

Receptor-bound insulin lowers blood glucose by facilitating cellular uptake of glucose into skeletal muscle and fat and by inhibiting the output of glucose from the liver. Insulin inhibits lipolysis in the adipocyte, inhibits proteolysis, and enhances protein synthesis.

Pharmacodynamics

Insulin detemir is a soluble, long-acting basal human insulin analog with a relatively flat action profile. The mean duration of action of insulin detemir ranged from 5.7 hours at the lowest dose to 23.2 hours at the highest dose (sampling period 24 hours).

The prolonged action of LEVEMIR is mediated by the slow systemic absorption of insulin detemir molecules from the injection site due to strong self-association of the drug molecules and albumin binding. Insulin detemir is distributed more slowly to peripheral target tissues since insulin detemir in the bloodstream is highly bound to albumin.

Figure 1 shows glucose infusion rate results from a glucose clamp study in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Figure 1: Activity Profiles in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes in a 24-hour Glucose Clamp Study

Image from Drug Label Content

Figure 2 shows glucose infusion rate results from a 16-hour glucose clamp study in patients with type 2 diabetes. The clamp study was terminated at 16 hours according to protocol.

Figure 2: Activity Profiles in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in a 16-hour Glucose Clamp Study

Image from Drug Label Content

For doses in the interval of 0.2 to 0.4 U/kg, LEVEMIR exerts more than 50% of its maximum effect from 3 to 4 hours up to approximately 14 hours after dose administration.

In a glucose clamp study, the overall glucodynamic effect (AUCGIR 0-24h) [mean mg/kg ± SD (CV)] of four separate subcutaneous injections in the thigh was 1702.6 ± 489 mg/kg (29%) in the LEVEMIR group and 1922.8 ± 765 mg/kg (40%) for NPH. The clinical significance of this difference has not been established.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

After subcutaneous injection of insulin detemir in healthy subjects and in patients with diabetes, insulin detemir serum concentrations indicated a slower, more prolonged absorption over 24 hours in comparison to NPH human insulin.

Maximum serum concentration (Cmax) is reached between 6 and 8 hours after administration.

The absolute bioavailability of insulin detemir is approximately 60%.

Distribution and Elimination

More than 98% insulin detemir in the bloodstream is bound to albumin. LEVEMIR has a small apparent volume of distribution of approximately 0.1 L/kg. LEVEMIR, after subcutaneous administration, has a terminal half-life of 5 to 7 hours depending on dose.

Special Populations

Children and Adolescents- The pharmacokinetic properties of LEVEMIR were investigated in children (6 to 12 years) and adolescents (13 to 17 years) and adults with type 1 diabetes. Similar to NPH human insulin, slightly higher plasma Area Under the Curve (AUC) and Cmax were observed in children by 10% and 24%, respectively, compared to adolescents and adults. There was no difference in pharmacokinetics between adolescents and adults.

Geriatrics- In a clinical trial investigating differences in pharmacokinetics of a single subcutaneous dose of LEVEMIR in young (25 to 35 years) versus elderly (≥68 years) healthy subjects, higher insulin AUC levels (up to 35%) were found in elderly subjects due to a reduced clearance. As with other insulin preparations, LEVEMIR should always be titrated according to individual requirements.

Gender- In controlled clinical trials, no clinically relevant difference between genders is seen in pharmacokinetic parameters based on subgroup analyses.

Race- In two trials in healthy Japanese and Caucasian subjects, there were no clinically relevant differences seen in pharmacokinetic parameters. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of LEVEMIR were investigated in a clamp trial comparing patients with type 2 diabetes of Caucasian, African-American, and Latino origin. Dose-response relationships were comparable for LEVEMIR in these three populations.

Renal impairment- Individuals with renal impairment showed no difference in pharmacokinetic parameters as compared to healthy volunteers. However, literature reports have shown that clearance of human insulin is decreased in renally impaired patients. Careful glucose monitoring and dose adjustments of insulin, including LEVEMIR, may be necessary in patients with renal dysfunction (see PRECAUTIONS, Renal Impairment).

Hepatic impairment- Individuals with severe hepatic dysfunction, without diabetes, were observed to have lower AUCs as compared to healthy volunteers. Careful glucose monitoring and dose adjustments of insulin, including LEVEMIR, may be necessary in patients with hepatic dysfunction (see PRECAUTIONS, Hepatic Impairment).

Pregnancy- The effect of pregnancy on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of LEVEMIR has not been studied (see PRECAUTIONS, Pregnancy).

Smoking- The effect of smoking on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of LEVEMIR has not been studied.

CLINICAL STUDIES

The efficacy and safety of LEVEMIR given once-daily at bedtime or twice-daily (before breakfast and at bedtime, before breakfast and with the evening meal, or at 12-hour intervals) was compared to that of once-daily or twice-daily NPH human insulin or once-daily insulin glargine in non-blinded, randomized, parallel studies of 6004 patients with diabetes (3724 with type 1, and 2280 with type 2). In general, patients treated with LEVEMIR achieved levels of glycemic control similar to those treated with NPH human insulin or insulin glargine, as measured by glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c).

Type 1 Diabetes – Adult

In one non-blinded clinical study (Study A, n=409), adult patients with type 1 diabetes were randomized to treatment with either LEVEMIR at 12-hour intervals, LEVEMIR morning and bedtime or NPH human insulin morning and bedtime. Insulin aspart was also administered before each meal. At 16 weeks of treatment, the combined LEVEMIR-treated patients had similar HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) reductions to NPH-treated patients (Table 1). Differences in timing of LEVEMIR administration (or flexible dosing) had no effect on HbA1c, FPG, body weight, or risk of having hypoglycemic episodes.

Overall glycemic control achieved with LEVEMIR was compared to that achieved with insulin glargine in a randomized, non-blinded, clinical study (Study B, n=320) in which patients with type 1 diabetes were treated for 26 weeks with either twice-daily (morning and bedtime) LEVEMIR or once-daily (bedtime) insulin glargine. Insulin aspart was administered before each meal. LEVEMIR-treated patients had a decrease in HbA1c similar to that of insulin glargine-treated patients.

In a randomized, controlled clinical study (Study C, n=749), patients with type 1 diabetes were treated with once-daily (bedtime) LEVEMIR or NPH human insulin, both in combination with human soluble insulin before each meal for 6 months. LEVEMIR and NPH human insulin had a similar effect on HbA1c.

Table 1: Efficacy and Insulin Dosage in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus - Adult
Study A
Treatment duration16 weeks
Treatment in combination withNovoLog® (insulin aspart)
LEVEMIRNPH
Number of subjects treated276133
HbA1c (%)
Baseline8.648.51
End of study adjusted mean7.767.94
Mean change from baseline-0.82-0.60
Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dL)
End of study adjusted mean168202
Mean change from baseline-42.48-10.80
Daily Basal Insulin Dose (U/kg)
Prestudy mean 0.360.39
End of study mean0.490.45
Daily Bolus Insulin Dose (U/kg)
Prestudy mean0.400.40
End of study mean0.380.38
Baseline values were included as covariates in an ANCOVA analysis.

Type 1 Diabetes - Pediatric

In a non-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical study (Study D, n=347), pediatric patients (age range 6 to 17) with type 1 diabetes were treated for 26 weeks with a basal-bolus insulin regimen. LEVEMIR and NPH human insulin were administered once- or twice-daily (bedtime or morning and bedtime) according to pretrial dose regimen. Bolus insulin aspart was administered before each meal. LEVEMIR-treated patients had a decrease in HbA1c similar to that of NPH human insulin.

Table 2: Efficacy and Insulin Dosage in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus - Pediatric
Study D
Treatment duration26 weeks
Treatment in combination withNovoLog® (insulin aspart)
LEVEMIRNPH
Number of subjects treated232115
HbA1c (%)
Baseline8.758.77
End of study adjusted mean8.027.93
Mean change from baseline-0.72-0.80
Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dL)
End of study adjusted mean151.92172.44
Mean change from baseline-45.00-19.98
Daily Basal Insulin Dose (U/kg)
Prestudy mean 0.480.49
End of study mean0.670.64
Daily Bolus Insulin Dose (U/kg)
Prestudy mean0.520.47
End of study mean0.520.51

Type 2 Diabetes – Adult

In a 24-week, non-blinded, randomized, clinical study (Study E, n=476), LEVEMIR administered twice-daily (before breakfast and evening) was compared to a similar regimen of NPH human insulin as part of a regimen of combination therapy with one or two of the following oral antidiabetes agents (metformin, insulin secretagogue, or α–glucosidase inhibitor). LEVEMIR and NPH similarly lowered HbA1c from baseline (Table 3).

Table 3: Efficacy and Insulin Dosage in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Study E
Treatment duration24 weeks
Treatment in combination withOAD
LEVEMIRNPH
Number of subjects treated237239
HbA1c (%)
Baseline8.618.51
End of study adjusted mean6.586.46
Mean change from baseline-1.84-1.90
Proportion achieving HbA1c ≤ 7%70%74%
Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dL)
End of study adjusted mean119.16113.40
Mean change from baseline-75.96-74.34
Daily Insulin Dose (U/kg)
End of study mean0.770.52

In a 22-week, non-blinded, randomized, clinical study (Study F, n=395) in adults with Type 2 diabetes, LEVEMIR and NPH human insulin were given once- or twice-daily as part of a basal-bolus regimen. As measured by HbA1c or FPG, LEVEMIR had efficacy similar to NPH human insulin.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

LEVEMIR is indicated for once- or twice-daily subcutaneous administration for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who require basal (long acting) insulin for the control of hyperglycemia.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

LEVEMIR is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to insulin detemir or one of its excipients.

WARNINGS

Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse effect of insulin therapy, including LEVEMIR. As with all insulins, the timing of hypoglycemia may differ among various insulin formulations.

Glucose monitoring is recommended for all patients with diabetes.

LEVEMIR is not to be used in insulin infusion pumps.

Any change of insulin dose should be made cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in insulin strength, timing of dosing, manufacturer, type (e.g., regular, NPH, or insulin analogs), species (animal, human), or method of manufacture (rDNA versus animal-source insulin) may result in the need for a change in dosage.

Concomitant oral antidiabetic treatment may need to be adjusted.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Inadequate dosing or discontinuation of treatment may lead to hyperglycemia and, in patients with type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis. The first symptoms of hyperglycemia usually occur gradually over a period of hours or days. They include nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, flushed dry skin, dry mouth, increased urination, thirst and loss of appetite as well as acetone breath. Untreated hyperglycemic events are potentially fatal.

LEVEMIR is not intended for intravenous or intramuscular administration. The prolonged duration of activity of insulin detemir is dependent on injection into subcutaneous tissue. Intravenous administration of the usual subcutaneous dose could result in severe hypoglycemia. Absorption after intramuscular administration is both faster and more extensive than absorption after subcutaneous administration.

LEVEMIR should not be diluted or mixed with any other insulin preparations (see PRECAUTIONS, Mixing of Insulins).

Insulin may cause sodium retention and edema, particularly if previously poor metabolic control is improved by intensified insulin therapy.

Lipodystrophy and hypersensitivity are among potential clinical adverse effects associated with the use of all insulins.

As with all insulin preparations, the time course of LEVEMIR action may vary in different individuals or at different times in the same individual and is dependent on site of injection, blood supply, temperature, and physical activity.

Adjustment of dosage of any insulin may be necessary if patients change their physical activity or their usual meal plan.

Hypoglycemia

As with all insulin preparations, hypoglycemic reactions may be associated with the administration of LEVEMIR. Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse effect of insulins. Early warning symptoms of hypoglycemia may be different or less pronounced under certain conditions, such as long duration of diabetes, diabetic nerve disease, use of medications such as beta-blockers, or intensified diabetes control (see PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions). Such situations may result in severe hypoglycemia (and, possibly, loss of consciousness) prior to patients’ awareness of hypoglycemia.

The time of occurrence of hypoglycemia depends on the action profile of the insulins used and may, therefore, change when the treatment regimen or timing of dosing is changed. In patients being switched from other intermediate or long-acting insulin preparations to once- or twice-daily LEVEMIR, dosages can be prescribed on a unit-to-unit basis; however, as with all insulin preparations, dose and timing of administration may need to be adjusted to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, Changeover to LEVEMIR).

Renal Impairment

As with other insulins, the requirements for LEVEMIR may need to be adjusted in patients with renal impairment (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics).

Hepatic Impairment

As with other insulins, the requirements for LEVEMIR may need to be adjusted in patients with hepatic impairment (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics).

Injection Site and Allergic Reactions

As with any insulin therapy, lipodistrophy may occur at the injection site and delay insulin absorption. Other injection site reactions with insulin therapy may include redness, pain, itching, hives, swelling, and inflammation. Continuous rotation of the injection site within a given area may help to reduce or prevent these reactions. Reactions usually resolve in a few days to a few weeks. On rare occasions, injection site reactions may require discontinuation of LEVEMIR.

In some instances, these reactions may be related to factors other than insulin, such as irritants in a skin cleansing agent or poor injection technique.

Systemic allergy: Generalized allergy to insulin, which is less common but potentially more serious, may cause rash (including pruritus) over the whole body, shortness of breath, wheezing, reduction in blood pressure, rapid pulse, or sweating. Severe cases of generalized allergy, including anaphylactic reaction, may be life-threatening.

Intercurrent Conditions

Insulin requirements may be altered during intercurrent conditions such as illness, emotional disturbances, or other stresses.

Information for Patients

LEVEMIR must only be used if the solution appears clear and colorless with no visible particles (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, Preparation and Handling). Patients should be informed about potential risks and advantages of LEVEMIR therapy, including the possible side effects. Patients should be offered continued education and advice on insulin therapies, injection technique, life-style management, regular glucose monitoring, periodic glycosylated hemoglobin testing, recognition and management of hypo- and hyperglycemia, adherence to meal planning, complications of insulin therapy, timing of dosage, instruction for use of injection devices and proper storage of insulin. Patients should be informed that frequent, patient-performed blood glucose measurements are needed to achieve effective glycemic control to avoid both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Patients must be instructed on handling of special situations such as intercurrent conditions (illness, stress, or emotional disturbances), an inadequate or skipped insulin dose, inadvertent administration of an increased insulin dose, inadequate food intake, or skipped meals. Refer patients to the LEVEMIR " Patient Information" circular for additional information.

As with all patients who have diabetes, the ability to concentrate and/or react may be impaired as a result of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia.

Patients with diabetes should be advised to inform their health care professional if they are pregnant or are contemplating pregnancy (see PRECAUTIONS, Pregnancy).

Laboratory Tests

As with all insulin therapy, the therapeutic response to LEVEMIR should be monitored by periodic blood glucose tests. Periodic measurement of HbA1c is recommended for the monitoring of long-term glycemic control.

Drug Interactions

A number of substances affect glucose metabolism and may require insulin dose adjustment and particularly close monitoring.

The following are examples of substances that may reduce the blood-glucose-lowering effect of insulin: corticosteroids, danazol, diuretics, sympathomimetic agents (e.g., epinephrine, albuterol, terbutaline), isoniazid, phenothiazine derivatives, somatropin, thyroid hormones, estrogens, progestogens (e.g., in oral contraceptives).

The following are examples of substances that may increase the blood-glucose-lowering effect of insulin and susceptibility to hypoglycemia: oral antidiabetic drugs, ACE inhibitors, disopyramide, fibrates, fluoxetine, MAO inhibitors, propoxyphene, salicylates, somatostatin analog (e.g., octreotide), and sulfonamide antibiotics.

Beta-blockers, clonidine, lithium salts, and alcohol may either potentiate or weaken the blood-glucose-lowering effect of insulin. Pentamidine may cause hypoglycemia, which may sometimes be followed by hyperglycemia. In addition, under the influence of sympatholytic medicinal products such as beta-blockers, clonidine, guanethidine, and reserpine, the signs of hypoglycemia may be reduced or absent.

The results of in-vitro and in-vivo protein binding studies demonstrate that there is no clinically relevant interaction between insulin detemir and fatty acids or other protein bound drugs.

Mixing of Insulins

If LEVEMIR is mixed with other insulin preparations, the profile of action of one or both individual components may change. Mixing LEVEMIR with insulin aspart, a rapid acting insulin analog, resulted in about 40% reduction in AUC(0-2h) and Cmax for insulin aspart compared to separate injections when the ratio of insulin aspart to LEVEMIR was less than 50%.

LEVEMIR should NOT be mixed or diluted with any other insulin preparations.

Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, Impairment of Fertility

Standard 2-year carcinogenicity studies in animals have not been performed. Insulin detemir tested negative for genotoxic potential in the in-vitro reverse mutation study in bacteria, human peripheral blood lymphocyte chromosome aberration test, and the in-vivo mouse micronucleus test.

Pregnancy: Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category C

In a fertility and embryonic development study, insulin detemir was administered to female rats before mating, during mating, and throughout pregnancy at doses up to 300 nmol/kg/day (3 times the recommended human dose, based on plasma Area Under the Curve (AUC) ratio). Doses of 150 and 300 nmol/kg/day produced numbers of litters with visceral anomalies. Doses up to 900 nmol/kg/day (approximately 135 times the recommended human dose based on AUC ratio) were given to rabbits during organogenesis. Drug-dose related increases in the incidence of fetuses with gall bladder abnormalities such as small, bilobed, bifurcated and missing gall bladders were observed at a dose of 900 nmol/kg/day. The rat and rabbit embryofetal development studies that included concurrent human insulin control groups indicated that insulin detemir and human insulin had similar effects regarding embryotoxicity and teratogenicity.

Nursing mothers

It is unknown whether LEVEMIR is excreted in significant amounts in human milk. For this reason, caution should be exercised when LEVEMIR is administered to a nursing mother. Patients with diabetes who are lactating may require adjustments in insulin dose, meal plan, or both.

Pediatric use

In a controlled clinical study, HbA1c concentrations and rates of hypoglycemia were similar among patients treated with LEVEMIR and patients treated with NPH human insulin.

Geriatric use

Of the total number of subjects in intermediate and long-term clinical studies of LEVEMIR, 85 (type 1 studies) and 363 (type 2 studies) were 65 years and older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. In elderly patients with diabetes, the initial dosing, dose increments, and maintenance dosage should be conservative to avoid hypoglycemic reactions. Hypoglycemia may be difficult to recognize in the elderly.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Adverse events commonly associated with human insulin therapy include the following:

Body as Whole: allergic reactions (see PRECAUTIONS, Allergy).

Skin and Appendages: lipodystrophy, pruritus, rash. Mild injection site reactions occurred more frequently with LEVEMIR than with NPH human insulin and usually resolved in a few days to a few weeks (see PRECAUTIONS, Allergy).

Other:

Hypoglycemia: (see WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS).

In trials of up to 6 months duration in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the incidence of severe hypoglycemia with LEVEMIR was comparable to the incidence with NPH, and, as expected, greater overall in patients with type 1 diabetes (Table 4).

Weight gain:

In trials of up to 6 months duration in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, LEVEMIR was associated with somewhat less weight gain than NPH (Table 4). Whether these observed differences represent true differences in the effects of LEVEMIR and NPH insulin is not known, since these trials were not blinded and the protocols (e.g., diet and exercise instructions and monitoring) were not specifically directed at exploring hypotheses related to weight effects of the treatments compared. The clinical significance of the observed differences has not been established.

Table 4: Safety Information on Clinical Studies* 
*
See CLINICAL STUDIES section for description of individual studies
Major = requires assistance of another individual because of neurologic impairment
Minor = plasma glucose <56 mg/dl, subject able to deal with the episode him/herself
Weight (kg)Hypoglycemia (events/subject/month)
Treatment # of subjects BaselineEnd of treatmentMajor Minor 
Type 1
Study ALEVEMIRN=27675.075.10.0452.184
NPHN=13375.776.40.0353.063
Study CLEVEMIRN=49276.576.30.0292.397
NPHN=25776.176.50.0272.564
Study D PediatricLEVEMIRN=232N/AN/A0.0762.677
NPHN=115N/AN/A0.0833.203
Type 2
Study ELEVEMIRN=23782.783.70.0010.306
NPHN=23982.485.20.0060.595
Study FLEVEMIRN=19581.882.30.0030.193
NPHN=20079.680.90.0060.235

OVERDOSAGE

Hypoglycemia may occur as a result of an excess of insulin relative to food intake, energy expenditure, or both. Mild episodes of hypoglycemia usually can be treated with oral glucose. Adjustments in drug dosage, meal patterns, or exercise may be needed. More severe episodes with coma, seizure, or neurologic impairment may be treated with intramuscular/subcutaneous glucagon or concentrated intravenous glucose. After apparent clinical recovery from hypoglycemia, continued observation and additional carbohydrate intake may be necessary to avoid reoccurrence of hypoglycemia.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

LEVEMIR can be administered once- or twice-daily. The dose of LEVEMIR should be adjusted according to blood glucose measurements. The dosage of LEVEMIR should be individualized based on the physician’s advice, in accordance with the needs of the patient.

LEVEMIR should be administered by subcutaneous injection in the thigh, abdominal wall, or upper arm. Injection sites should be rotated within the same region. As with all insulins, the duration of action will vary according to the dose, injection site, blood flow, temperature, and level of physical activity.

Dose Determination for LEVEMIR

Preparation and Handling

LEVEMIR should be inspected visually prior to administration and should only be used if the solution appears clear and colorless.

LEVEMIR should not be mixed or diluted with any other insulin preparations.

After each injection, patients must remove the needle without recapping and dispose of it in a puncture-resistant container. Used syringes, needles, or lancets should be placed in “sharps” containers (such as red biohazard containers), hard plastic containers (such as detergent bottles), or metal containers (such as an empty coffee can). Such containers should be sealed and disposed of properly.

HOW SUPPLIED

LEVEMIR is available in the following package sizes: each presentation containing 100 Units of insulin detemir per mL (U-100).

10 mL vialNDC 0169-3687-12
3 mL PenFill® cartridges*NDC 0169-3305-11
3 mL InnoLet®NDC 0169-2312-11
3 mL FlexPen®NDC 0169-6439-10

*LEVEMIR PenFill® cartridges are for use with Novo Nordisk 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible insulin delivery devices and NovoFine® disposable needles.

RECOMMENDED STORAGE

Unused LEVEMIR should be stored between 2° and 8°C (36° to 46°F). Do not freeze. Do not use LEVEMIR if it has been frozen.

Vials:

After initial use, vials should be stored in a refrigerator, never in a freezer. If refrigeration is not possible, the in-use vial can be kept unrefrigerated at room temperature, below 30°C (86°F), for up to 42 days, as long as it is kept as cool as possible and away from direct heat and light.

Unpunctured vials can be used until the expiration date printed on the label if they are stored in a refrigerator. Keep unused vials in the carton so they will stay clean and protected from light.

PenFill® cartridges, FlexPen®, or InnoLet®:

After initial use, a cartridge (PenFill®) or a prefilled syringe (including FlexPen® or InnoLet®) may be used for up to 42 days if it is kept at room temperature, below 30°C (86°F). In-use cartridges and prefilled syringes in-use must NOT be stored in a refrigerator and must NOT be stored with the needle in place. Keep all cartridges and prefilled syringes away from direct heat and sunlight.

Not in-use (unopened) LEVEMIR PenFill®, FlexPen® or InnoLet® can be used until the expiration date printed on the label if they are stored in a refrigerator. Keep unused cartridges and prefilled syringes in the carton so they will stay clean and protected from light.

The storage conditions are summarized in the following table:

Not in-use (unopened)

Room Temperature

(below 30°C)

Not in-use

(unopened)

Refrigerated

In-use (opened)

Room Temperature

(below 30°C)

10 mL vial42 daysUntil expiration date

42 days

refrigerated/room temperature

3 mL PenFill® cartridges42 daysUntil expiration date42 days (Do not refrigerate)
3 mL InnoLet®42 daysUntil expiration date42 days (Do not refrigerate)
3 mL FlexPen®42 daysUntil expiration date42 days (Do not refrigerate)

Date of issue: May 16, 2007

Version: 3

Novo Nordisk®, Levemir®, NovoLog®, FlexPen®, InnoLet®, PenFill®, and NovoFine® are registered trademarks owned by Novo Nordisk A/S.

© 2005/2007 Novo Nordisk Inc.

Levemir is covered by US Patent Nos. 5,750,497; 5,866,538; 6,011,007; 6,869,930 and other patents pending.

FlexPen is covered by US Patent Nos. 6,004,297; 6,235,004; 6,582,404 and other patents pending.

Manufactured for:

Novo Nordisk Inc., Princeton, NJ 08540

www.novonordisk-us.com

Manufactured by:

Novo Nordisk A/S, DK-2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark

Information For The Patient

LEVEMIR®

(LEV uh mere)

Insulin detemir [rDNA origin] injection

3 mL PenFill® Disposable Cartridge (300 units per cartridge)

10 mL Vial (1000 units per vial)

100 Units/mL (U-100)

Read this information carefully before you begin treatment and each time you get a refill because there may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment. If you have any questions about LEVEMIR (LEV uh mere), ask your doctor. Only your doctor can determine if LEVEMIR  is right for you.

What is the most important information I should know about LEVEMIR®?

Any change of insulin should be made cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type (for example: Regular, NPH, analogs), species (beef, pork, beef-pork, human) or method of manufacture (recombinant DNA versus animal source insulin) may need a change in the dose. This dose change may be needed right away or later on during the first several weeks or months on the new insulin. Doses of oral anti-diabetic medicines may also need to change, if your insulin is changed.

Your doctor will tell you how often you should test your blood sugar level, and what to do if it is high or low.

What is LEVEMIR?

LEVEMIR is available as:

* PenFill® cartridges are for use with Novo Nordisk 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible insulin delivery devices and NovoFine® disposable needles.

Who should not take LEVEMIR?

Do not take LEVEMIR if:

Before starting LEVEMIR, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions including if you:

 

How should I take LEVEMIR?

What should I use to take my insulin?

*LEVEMIR PenFill® cartridges are for use with Novo Nordisk 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible insulin delivery devices and NovoFine® disposable needles.

See the end of this patient information for instructions about preparing and giving the injection.

Mixing with LEVEMIR 

LEVEMIR should NOT be mixed with any other insulin or solution.  It will not work as intended and you may lose blood sugar control, which could be serious. 

What should I know about using LEVEMIR ?

The effects of insulin may be different for different people. Even in the same person, the effects may vary from day to day. Because of this variation, the time periods listed here are general guidelines only.

What can affect how much insulin I need?

Illness. Illness may change how much insulin you need. It is a good idea to think ahead and make a "sick day" plan with your doctor in advance so you will be ready when this happens. Be sure to test your blood sugar more often and call your doctor if you are sick.

Medicines. Many medicines can affect your insulin needs. Other medicines, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements, can change the way insulin works. You may need a different dose of insulin when you are taking certain other medicines. Know all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.  You may want to keep a list of the medicines you take. You can show this list to your doctor and pharmacist anytime you get a new medicine or refill. Your doctor will tell you if your insulin dose needs to be changed.

Meals. The amount of food you eat can affect your insulin needs. If you eat less food, skip meals, or eat more food than usual, you may need to adjust your insulin dose. Talk to your doctor if you change your diet so that you know how to adjust your LEVEMIR and other insulin doses.

Alcohol. Alcohol, including beer and wine, may affect the way LEVEMIR works and affect your blood sugar levels. Talk to your doctor about drinking alcohol.

Exercise or Activity level. Exercise or activity level may change the way your body uses insulin. Check with your doctor before you start an exercise program because your dose may need to be changed.

Travel. If you travel across time zones, talk with your doctor about how to time your injections. When you travel, wear your medical alert identification. Take extra insulin and supplies with you.

Pregnancy or nursing. The effects of LEVEMIR on an unborn child or on a nursing baby are unknown. Therefore, tell your doctor if you are planning to have a baby, are pregnant, or nursing a baby. Good control of diabetes is especially important during pregnancy and nursing.

What should I avoid while taking LEVEMIR?

What are the possible side effects of LEVEMIR?

Insulins, including LEVEMIR, can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), allergy, and skin reactions.

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is the most common side effect. It occurs when there is a conflict between the amount of carbohydrates (source of glucose) from your food, the amount of glucose used by your body, and the amount and timing of insulin dosing. Therefore, hypoglycemia can happen with:

What are symptoms of mild to moderate hypoglycemia:

What are symptoms of severe hypoglycemia:

If you develop serious hypoglycemic reactions, get medical help right away.

Without recognition of early warning symptoms, you may not be able to take steps to avoid more serious hypoglycemia. Be alert for all of the various types of symptoms that may indicate hypoglycemia. Patients who experience hypoglycemia without early warning symptoms should monitor their blood glucose frequently, especially prior to activities such as driving. If the blood glucose is below your normal fasting glucose, you should consider eating or drinking sugar-containing foods to treat your hypoglycemia. Mild to moderate hypoglycemia may be treated by eating foods or drinks that contain sugar. Patients should always carry a quick source of sugar, such as candy mints or glucose tablets. More severe hypoglycemia may require the assistance of another person. Patients who are unable to take sugar orally or who are unconscious require an injection of glucagon or should be treated with intravenous administration of glucose at a medical facility. You should learn to recognize your own symptoms of hypoglycemia. If you are uncertain about these symptoms, you should monitor your blood glucose frequently to help you learn to recognize the symptoms that you experience with hypoglycemia.

If you have frequent episodes of hypoglycemia or experience difficulty in recognizing the symptoms, you should consult your doctor to discuss possible changes in therapy, meal plans, and/or exercise programs to help you avoid hypoglycemia.

Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) is another common side effect. It also occurs when there is a conflict between the amount of carbohydrates (source of glucose) from your food, the amount of glucose used by your body, and the amount and timing of insulin dosing. Therefore, hyperglycemia can occur with:

In patients with type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes, long-lasting hyperglycemia can cause diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The first symptoms of DKA usually come on slowly, over a period of hours or days, and include feeling drowsy, flushed face, thirst, loss of appetite, and fruity odor on the breath. With DKA, urine tests show large amounts of glucose and ketones. Heavy breathing and a rapid pulse are more severe symptoms. If uncorrected, long-lasting hyperglycemia or DKA can lead to nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, dehydration, loss of consciousness, or even death. Therefore, it is important that you obtain medical help right away.

Other possible side effects include the following:

Get medical help right away if you develop a rash over your whole body, have trouble breathing, a fast heartbeat, or sweating. These are signs of a dangerous allergic reaction (systemic allergic reaction). These reactions are not common.

There are other possible side effects from LEVEMIR. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for further information. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other unwanted effects that you believe are caused by this insulin.

How should I store LEVEMIR ?

Store unopened vials and PenFill cartridges in a refrigerator (36°F to 46°F; 2°C to 8°C) but not in the freezer. Do not use LEVEMIR if it has been frozen. Keep unopened LEVEMIR vials and PenFill® cartridges in the carton so they will stay clean and protected from light because the product is light sensitive.

After initial use, the punctured vials should be stored in a refrigerator but not in a freezer. If refrigeration is not possible, the vial that you are currently using can be kept at room temperature up to 42 days, as long as it is kept below 30°C [86°F]. Throw away unrefrigerated vials after 42 days from the first use, even if they still contain insulin.

After initial use (the rubber membrane has been punctured), do not refrigerate the punctured LEVEMIR PenFill® cartridges. However, keep them as cool as possible (below 30ºC [86ºF]). The PenFill® cartridge that you are currently using can be kept at room temperature up to 42 days, as long as they are kept below 30°C [86°F]. Throw away unrefrigerated disposable LEVEMIR PenFill® cartridges after 42 days from the cartridges first use, even if it still contains LEVEMIR.

Keep all disposable PenFill® cartridges and vials away from direct heat and sunlight.

These storage conditions are summarized in the following table:

Not in-use

(unopened)

Room Temperature

(below 30°C)

Not in-use

(unopened)

Refrigerated

In-use (opened)

Room Temperature

(below 30°C)

10 mL vial42 daysUntil expiration date42 days
refrigerated/room temperature
3 mL PenFill® cartridges 42 daysUntil expiration date42 days (Do not refrigerate)

General Information about LEVEMIR 

Use LEVEMIR only to treat your diabetes. Do not give it to any other person. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about any concerns you have. They can answer your questions and give you written information about LEVEMIR written for health care professionals.

Doses of insulin are measured in units. LEVEMIR is available as a U-100 insulin. One milliliter (mL) of U-100 contains 100 units of insulin detemir. (1 mL = 1 cc). Only U-100 type syringes should be used for injection to ensure proper dosing.

Disposable syringes and needles are sterile if the package is sealed. They should be used only once and thrown away properly, to protect others from harm.

How should I prepare and deliver the injection using different delivery devices?

Using the 10 mL vial:

  1. At your first use, remove the tamper-resistant cap from the vial. If the cap has already been removed, do not use this vial and return it to your pharmacy.
  2. Wipe the rubber membrane with an alcohol swab.
  3. Do not roll or shake the vial. Vigorous shaking right before the dose is drawn into the syringe may cause bubbles or froth, which could cause dosage errors. The insulin should be used only if it is clear and colorless.
  4. Pull back the plunger on your syringe until the black tip reaches the marking for the number of units you will inject.
  5. Push the needle through the rubber membrane into the vial.
  6. Push the plunger all the way in. This inserts air into the vial.
  7. Turn the vial and syringe upside down together and slowly pull the plunger back to a few units beyond the correct dose.
  8. If there are air bubbles, tap the syringe gently with your finger to raise the air bubbles to the needle. Then slowly push the plunger to the correct unit marking.
  9. Lift the vial off the syringe.
  10. Inject right away.
  11. The syringe and vial should be disposed of properly without recapping the needle. After each injection, patients must remove the needle without recapping and dispose of it in a puncture-resistant container. Used syringes, needles, or lancets should be placed in sharps containers (such as red biohazard containers), hard plastic containers (such as detergent bottles), or metal containers (such as an empty coffee can). Such containers should be sealed and disposed of properly.

Using the LEVEMIR 3 mL PenFill® cartridge in 3 mL PenFill® cartridge delivery devices* (*see 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible delivery devices section):

  1. Read the instruction manuals for the 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible delivery device* before the device is used.
  2. The insulin should be used only if it is clear and colorless. Insert the PenFill® cartridge into the 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible delivery device*.
  3. Place the needle onto the 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible delivery device* immediately before use
  4. Airshots should be done prior to each injection. Directions for performing an airshot and setting the dose are provided in your insulin delivery device instruction manual.
  5. Discard needle after each dose. The needle should not be recapped to avoid needlesticks. After each injection, patients must remove the needle without recapping and dispose of it in a puncture-resistant container. Used syringes, needles, or lancets should be placed in sharps containers (such as red biohazard containers), hard plastic containers (such as detergent bottles), or metal containers (such as an empty coffee can). Such containers should be sealed and disposed of properly.

After the first use of PenFill® cartridge:

  1. Airshots should be done prior to each injection. Directions for performing an airshot and setting the dose are provided in your insulin delivery device instruction manual.
  2. To avoid needle sticks, do not recap the needle. Throw away the needle safely after each injection

How should I inject LEVEMIR insulin with a syringe or 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible delivery device*?

  1. Pinch your skin between two fingers, push the needle into the skinfold, and push the plunger to inject the insulin under your skin. The needle should be perpendicular to the skin. This means the needle will be straight in.
  2. Keep the needle under your skin for at least 6 seconds to make sure you have injected all the insulin.
  3. If blood appears after you pull the needle from your skin, press the injection site lightly with a finger. Do not rub the area.

* LEVEMIR PenFill® cartridges are for use with Novo Nordisk 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible insulin delivery devices and NovoFine® disposable needles.

Date of Issue: May 16, 2007

Version: 2

For additional information regarding diabetes, contact the American Diabetes Association (ADA) at 1-800-DIABETES (1-800-342-2383), or visit the ADA website (www.diabetes.org).

Novo Nordisk®, Levemir®, PenFill®, FlexPen®, InnoLet®, and NovoFine®, are registered trademarks owned by Novo Nordisk A/S.

Levemir is covered by US Patent Nos. 5,750,497; 5,866,538; 6,011,007; 6,869,930 and other patents pending.

FlexPen is covered by US Patent Nos. 6,004,297; 6,235,004; 6,582,404 and other patents pending.

© 2005-2007 Novo Nordisk Inc.

For information about LEVEMIR contact:

Novo Nordisk Inc.

100 College Road West

Princeton, New Jersey 08540

1-800-727-6500

www.novonordisk-us.com

Manufactured by:

Novo Nordisk A/S

DK-2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark

 

Information For The Patient

LEVEMIR® (LEV uh mere) FlexPen®

insulin detemir [rDNA origin] injection

in a 3 mL Prefilled Syringe

100 Units/mL (U-100)

Read this information carefully before you begin treatment and each time you get a refill because there may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment. If you have any questions about LEVEMIR (LEV uh mere), ask your doctor. Only your doctor can determine if LEVEMIR is right for you.

What is the most important information I should know about LEVEMIR?

Any change of insulin should be made cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type (for example: Regular, NPH, analogs), species (beef, pork, beef-pork, human) or method of manufacture (recombinant DNA versus animal source insulin) may need a change in the dose. This dose change may be needed right away or later on during the first several weeks or months on the new insulin. Doses of oral anti-diabetic medicines may also need to change, if your insulin is changed.

Your doctor will tell you how often you should test your blood sugar level, and what to do if it is high or low.

What is LEVEMIR?

LEVEMIR is available as:

* PenFill® cartridges are for use with Novo Nordisk 3 mL PenFill® cartridge compatible insulin delivery devices and NovoFine® disposable needles.

Who should not take LEVEMIR?

Do not take LEVEMIR if:

Before starting LEVEMIR, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions including if you:

How should I take LEVEMIR?

 

See the end of this patient information for instructions about preparing and giving the injection.

What should I know about using LEVEMIR?

The effects of insulin may be different for different people. Even in the same person, the effects may vary from day to day. Because of this variation, the time periods listed here are general guidelines only.

What can affect how much insulin I need?

Illness. Illness may change how much insulin you need. It is a good idea to think ahead and make a "sick day" plan with your doctor in advance so you will be ready when this happens. Be sure to test your blood sugar more often and call your doctor if you are sick.

Medicines. Many medicines can affect your insulin needs. Other medicines, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements, can change the way insulin works. You may need a different dose of insulin when you are taking certain other medicines. Know all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. You may want to keep a list of the medicines you take. You can show this list to your doctor and pharmacists anytime you get a new medicine or refill. Your doctor will tell you if your insulin dose needs to be changed.

Meals. The amount of food you eat can affect your insulin needs. If you eat less food, skip meals, or eat more food than usual, you may need to adjust your insulin dose. Talk to your doctor if you change your diet so that you know how to adjust your LEVEMIR and other insulin doses.

Alcohol. Alcohol, including beer and wine, may affect the way LEVEMIR works and affect your blood sugar levels. Talk to your doctor about drinking alcohol.

Exercise or Activity level. Exercise or activity level may change the way your body uses insulin. Check with your doctor before you start an exercise program because your dose may need to be changed.

Travel. If you travel across time zones, talk with your doctor about how to time your injections. When you travel, wear your medical alert identification. Take extra insulin and supplies with you.

Pregnancy or nursing. The effects of LEVEMIR on an unborn child or on a nursing baby are unknown. Therefore, tell your doctor if you are planning to have a baby, are pregnant, or nursing a baby. Good control of diabetes is especially important during pregnancy and nursing.

What should I avoid while taking LEVEMIR?

What are the possible side effects of LEVEMIR?

Insulins, including LEVEMIR, can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), allergy, and skin reactions.

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). This is the most common side effect. It occurs when there is a conflict between the amount of carbohydrates (source of glucose) from your food, the amount of glucose used by your body, and the amount and timing of insulin dosing. Therefore, hypoglycemia can occur with:

What are symptoms of mild to moderate hypoglycemia:

What are symptoms of severe hypoglycemia:

If you develop serious hypoglycemic reactions, get medical help right away.

Without recognition of early warning symptoms, you may not be able to take steps to avoid more serious hypoglycemia. Be alert for all of the various types of symptoms that may indicate hypoglycemia. Patients who experience hypoglycemia without early warning symptoms should monitor their blood glucose frequently, especially prior to activities such as driving. If the blood glucose is below your normal fasting glucose, you should consider eating or drinking sugar-containing foods to treat your hypoglycemia. Mild to moderate hypoglycemia may be treated by eating foods or drinks that contain sugar. Patients should always carry a quick source of sugar, such as candy mints or glucose tablets. More severe hypoglycemia may require the assistance of another person. Patients who are unable to take sugar orally, or who are unconscious, require an injection of glucagon or should be treated with intravenous administration of glucose at a medical facility. You should learn to recognize your own symptoms of hypoglycemia. If you are uncertain about these symptoms, you should monitor your blood glucose frequently to help you learn to recognize the symptoms that you experience with hypoglycemia.

If you have frequent episodes of hypoglycemia or experience difficulty in recognizing the symptoms, you should consult your doctor to discuss possible changes in therapy, meal plans, and/or exercise programs to help you avoid hypoglycemia.

Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) is another common side effect. It also occurs when there is a conflict between the amount of carbohydrates (source of glucose) from your food, the amount of glucose used by your body, and the amount and timing of insulin dosing. Therefore, hyperglycemia can occur with:

In patients with type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes, long-lasting hyperglycemia can cause diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The first symptoms of DKA usually come on slowly, over a period of hours or days, and include feeling drowsy, flushed face, thirst, loss of appetite, and fruity odor on the breath. With DKA, urine tests show large amounts of glucose and ketones. Heavy breathing and a rapid pulse are more severe symptoms. If uncorrected, long-lasting hyperglycemia or DKA can lead to nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, dehydration, loss of consciousness, or even death. Therefore, it is important that you obtain medical help right away.

Other possible side effects include the following:

Get medical help right away if you develop a rash over your whole body, have trouble breathing, a fast heartbeat, or sweating. These are signs of a dangerous allergic reaction (systemic allergic reaction). These reactions are not common.

There are other possible side effects from LEVEMIR. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for further information. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other unwanted effects that you believe are caused by this insulin.

How should I store LEVEMIR?

Store unopened LEVEMIR FlexPen in a refrigerator (36ºF to 46ºF; 2ºC to 8ºC), but not in the freezer. Do not use LEVEMIR FlexPen if it has been frozen. Keep unopened disposable LEVEMIR FlexPen in the carton so they will stay clean and protected from light because the product is light sensitive.

After initial use (the rubber membrane has been punctured), do not refrigerate disposable LEVEMIR FlexPen. However, keep them as cool as possible (below 30ºC [86ºF]). LEVEMIR FlexPen that you are currently using can be used for 42 days after the first use if it is kept at room temperature (below 30ºC [86ºF]). Throw away unrefrigerated disposable LEVEMIR FlexPen after 42 days, even if it still contains LEVEMIR.

Keep all disposable LEVEMIR FlexPen away from direct heat and sunlight.

These storage conditions are summarized in the following table:

Not in-use (unopened)

Room Temperature

(below 30°C)

Not in-use (unopened)

Refrigerated

In-use (opened)

Room Temperature

(below 30°C)

3 mL FlexPen®42 daysUntil expiration date42 days (Do not refrigerate)

General information about LEVEMIR

Use LEVEMIR only to treat your diabetes. Do not give it to any other person. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about any concerns you have. They can answer your questions and give you written information about LEVEMIR written for health care professionals.

For additional information regarding diabetes, contact the American Diabetes Association (ADA) at 1-800-DIABETES (1-800-342-2383), or visit the ADA website (www.diabetes.org).

Date of Issue: May 16, 2007

Version:2

Novo Nordisk®, Levemir®, FlexPen®, InnoLet®, PenFill® and NovoFine® are registered trademarks owned by Novo Nordisk A/S.

© 2005/2007 Novo Nordisk Inc.

Levemir is covered by US Patent Nos. 5,750,497; 5,866,538; 6,011,007; 6,869,930 and other patents pending.

FlexPen is covered by US Patent Nos. 6,004,297; 6,235,004; 6,582,404 and other patents pending.

For information about LEVEMIR contact:

Novo Nordisk Inc.

100 College Road West,

Princeton, New Jersey 08540

1-800-727-6500

www.novonordisk-us.com

Manufactured by:

Novo Nordisk A/S

DK-2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark

LEVEMIR FlexPen (3mL) directions for use

LEVEMIR FlexPen is a disposable dial-a-dose insulin delivery system able to deliver 1 to a maximum of 60 units. The dose can be adjusted in increments of 1 unit. LEVEMIR FlexPen is designed for use with NovoFine® single-use needles. LEVEMIR FlexPen is not recommended for the blind or severely visually impaired patients without the assistance of a sighted individual trained in the proper use of the product.

Please read and follow these instructions completely each time you use this device. If you do not follow these instructions completely, you may get too much or too little insulin.

Every time you give an injection using LEVEMIR FlexPen:

Image from Drug Label Content

1. PREPARING THE LEVEMIR FLEXPEN

a. Pull off the cap.

b. Wipe the rubber membrane with an alcohol swab.

c. Remove the protective tab from the disposable needle and screw the needle onto the FlexPen® (see diagram A). Never place a disposable needle on your FlexPen until you are ready to give an injection. Remove the needle from FlexPen immediately after the use. If the needle is not removed, some liquid may leak from the FlexPen.

Image from Drug Label Content

Pull off the outer and inner needle caps (see diagram B). Do not discard the outer needle cap.

Image from Drug Label Content

The numbers on the insulin reservoir can be used to estimate the amount of insulin left in the LEVEMIR FlexPen. Do not use these numbers to measure the insulin dose. You cannot set a dose greater than the number of units remaining in the insulin reservoir.

d. Giving the airshot before each injection:

Small amounts of air may collect in the needle and insulin reservoir during normal use. To avoid injecting air and to ensure proper dosing, follow steps (e) and (f) described below.

e. Dial 2 units (see diagram C).

Image from Drug Label Content

f. Holding the LEVEMIR FlexPen with the needle pointing up, tap the insulin reservoir gently with your finger a few times (see diagram D). Still with the needle pointing up, press the push button as far as it will go and see if a drop of insulin appears at the needle tip. If not, repeat the procedure until insulin appears. Before the first use of each disposable LEVEMIR FlexPen, you may need to perform up to 6 airshots to get a droplet of insulin at the needle tip. If you need to make more than 6 airshots, do not use the LEVEMIR FlexPen, and contact Novo Nordisk at 1-800-727-6500. A small air bubble may remain but it will not be injected because the operating mechanism prevents the insulin reservoir from being completely emptied.

Image from Drug Label Content

2. SETTING THE DOSE

Always check that the dose selector is set at 0 (see diagram E). Dial the number of dose you need to inject. The dose can be corrected either up or down by turning the dose selector in either direction. When dialing back, be careful not to push the push button as insulin will come out. You cannot set a dose larger than the number of units left in the reservoir. You will hear a click for every single unit dialed. Do not set the dose by counting the number of clicks you hear.

Image from Drug Label Content

3. GIVING THE INJECTION

Use the injection technique recommended by your doctor or health care professionals.

a. Pinch the skin between two fingers; push the needle into the skinfold (see diagram F).

Image from Drug Label Content

b. Deliver the dose by pressing the push button all the way in (see diagram G). Be careful only to push the push button when injecting.

Image from Drug Label Content

c. After the injection, the needle should remain under the skin for at least 6 seconds. Keep the push button fully pressed until the needle is withdrawn from the skin. This will ensure that the full dose has been delivered. If blood appears after you pull the needle from your skin, press the injection site lightly with a finger. Do not rub the area.

To avoid needlesticks, do not recap the needle. After each injection, you must remove the needle before replacing the device cap and dispose of the needle in a puncture-resistant container. Used syringes, needles, or lancets should be placed in “sharps” containers (such as red biohazard containers), hard plastic containers (such as detergent bottles), or metal containers (such as an empty coffee can). Such containers should be sealed and disposed of properly.

It is important that you use a new needle for each injection. Health care professionals, relatives, and other caregivers, should follow general precautionary measures for removal and disposal of needles to eliminate the risk of unintended needle stick.

4. LATER (SUBSEQUENT) INJECTIONS

It is important that you use a new needle for each injection. Follow the directions in steps 1 to 3.

The numbers on the insulin reservoir can be used to estimate the amount of insulin left in the LEVEMIR FlexPen. Do not use these numbers to measure the insulin dose. You cannot set a dose greater than the number of units remaining in the reservoir.

5. FUNCTION CHECK

If your LEVEMIR FlexPen is not working properly, follow the following procedures:

The insulin should fill the lower part of the cap (as shown in figure H). If LEVEMIR FlexPen has released too much or too little insulin, repeat the test. If it happens again, do not use your LEVEMIR FlexPen and contact Novo Nordisk at 1-800-727-6500.

Dispose of the empty LEVEMIR FlexPen carefully without the needle attached.

Image from Drug Label Content

6. IMPORTANT NOTES


Levemir (insulin detemir)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code0169-3687Dosage FormINJECTION
Route Of AdministrationSUBCUTANEOUSDEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety)TypeStrength
INSULIN DETEMIR (insulin detemir) Active14.2 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
disodium phosphate dihydrateInactive0.89 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
MANNITOLInactive30.0 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
m-cresolInactive2.06 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
PHENOLInactive1.80 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
SODIUM CHLORIDEInactive1.17 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
WATERInactive 
zincInactive65.4 MICROGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
IMPRINT INFORMATION
CharacteristicAppearanceCharacteristicAppearance
ColorScore
ShapeSymbol
Imprint CodeCoating
Size
PACKAGING
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10169-3687-121 VIAL In 1 CARTONcontains a VIAL, GLASS
110 MILLILITER In 1 VIAL, GLASSThis package is contained within the CARTON (0169-3687-12)

Levemir (insulin detemir)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code0169-3305Dosage FormINJECTION
Route Of AdministrationSUBCUTANEOUSDEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety)TypeStrength
INSULIN DETEMIR (insulin detemir) Active14.2 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
disodium phosphate dihydrateInactive0.89 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
glycerolInactive16.0 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
m-cresolInactive2.06 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
PHENOLInactive1.80 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
SODIUM CHLORIDEInactive1.17 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
WATERInactive 
zincInactive65.4 MICROGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
IMPRINT INFORMATION
CharacteristicAppearanceCharacteristicAppearance
ColorScore
ShapeSymbol
Imprint CodeCoating
Size
PACKAGING
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10169-3305-115 CARTRIDGE In 1 CARTONcontains a CARTRIDGE
13 MILLILITER In 1 CARTRIDGEThis package is contained within the CARTON (0169-3305-11)

Levemir (insulin detemir)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code0169-2312Dosage FormINJECTION
Route Of AdministrationSUBCUTANEOUSDEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety)TypeStrength
INSULIN DETEMIR (insulin detemir) Active14.2 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
disodium phosphate dihydrateInactive0.89 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
glycerolInactive16.0 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
m-cresolInactive2.06 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
PHENOLInactive1.80 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
SODIUM CHLORIDEInactive1.17 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
WATERInactive 
zincInactive65.4 MICROGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
IMPRINT INFORMATION
CharacteristicAppearanceCharacteristicAppearance
ColorScore
ShapeSymbol
Imprint CodeCoating
Size
PACKAGING
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10169-2312-111 SYRINGE In 1 CARTONcontains a SYRINGE, PLASTIC
13 MILLILITER In 1 SYRINGE, PLASTICThis package is contained within the CARTON (0169-2312-11)

Levemir (insulin detemir)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code0169-6439Dosage FormINJECTION
Route Of AdministrationSUBCUTANEOUSDEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety)TypeStrength
INSULIN DETEMIR (insulin detemir) Active14.2 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
disodium phosphate dihydrateInactive0.89 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
glycerolInactive16.0 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
m-cresolInactive2.06 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
PHENOLInactive1.80 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
SODIUM CHLORIDEInactive1.17 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
WATERInactive 
zincInactive65.4 MICROGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
IMPRINT INFORMATION
CharacteristicAppearanceCharacteristicAppearance
ColorScore
ShapeSymbol
Imprint CodeCoating
Size
PACKAGING
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10169-6439-105 SYRINGE In 1 CARTONcontains a SYRINGE, PLASTIC
13 MILLILITER In 1 SYRINGE, PLASTICThis package is contained within the CARTON (0169-6439-10)

Revised: 08/2008Novo Nordisk Inc.