Lake Erie Medical DBA Quality Care Products LLC
----------Nucynta 50 mg
NUCYNTA® (tapentadol) Tablets are immediate-release film-coated tablets for oral administration. The chemical name is 3-[(1R,2R)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-ethyl-2-methylpropyl]phenol monohydrochloride. The structural formula is:
The molecular weight of tapentadol HCl is 257.80, and the molecular formula is C14H23NO•HCl. The n-octanol:water partition coefficient log P value is 2.87. The pKa values are 9.34 and 10.45. In addition to the active ingredient tapentadol HCl, tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, croscarmellose sodium, povidone, magnesium stearate, and Opadry® II, a proprietary film-coating mixture containing polyvinyl alcohol, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol, talc, and aluminum lake coloring.12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Mean absolute bioavailability after single-dose administration (fasting) is approximately 32% due to extensive first-pass metabolism. Maximum serum concentrations of tapentadol are typically observed at around 1.25 hours after dosing.
Dose-proportional increases in the Cmax and AUC values of tapentadol have been observed over the 50 to 150 mg dose range.
A multiple (every 6 hour) dose study with doses ranging from 75 to 175 mg tapentadol showed a mean accumulation factor of 1.6 for the parent drug and 1.8 for the major metabolite tapentadol-O-glucuronide, which are primarily determined by the dosing interval and apparent half-life of tapentadol and its metabolite.Food Effect
The AUC and Cmax increased by 25% and 16%, respectively, when NUCYNTA® was administered after a high-fat, high-calorie breakfast. NUCYNTA® may be given with or without food.
Tapentadol is widely distributed throughout the body. Following intravenous administration, the volume of distribution (Vz) for tapentadol is 540 +/- 98 L. The plasma protein binding is low and amounts to approximately 20%.
Metabolism and Elimination
In humans, the metabolism of tapentadol is extensive. About 97% of the parent compound is metabolized. Tapentadol is mainly metabolized via Phase 2 pathways, and only a small amount is metabolized by Phase 1 oxidative pathways. The major pathway of tapentadol metabolism is conjugation with glucuronic acid to produce glucuronides. After oral administration approximately 70% (55% O-glucuronide and 15% sulfate of tapentadol) of the dose is excreted in urine in the conjugated form. A total of 3% of drug was excreted in urine as unchanged drug. Tapentadol is additionally metabolized to N-desmethyl tapentadol (13%) by CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 and to hydroxy tapentadol (2%) by CYP2D6, which are further metabolized by conjugation. Therefore, drug metabolism mediated by cytochrome P450 system is of less importance than phase 2 conjugation.
None of the metabolites contributes to the analgesic activity.
Tapentadol and its metabolites are excreted almost exclusively (99%) via the kidneys. The terminal half-life is on average 4 hours after oral administration. The total clearance is 1530 +/- 177 ml/min.Special Populations
The mean exposure (AUC) to tapentadol was similar in elderly subjects compared to young adults, with a 16% lower mean Cmax observed in the elderly subject group compared to young adult subjects.
AUC and Cmax of tapentadol were comparable in subjects with varying degrees of renal function (from normal to severely impaired). In contrast, increasing exposure (AUC) to tapentadol-O-glucuronide was observed with increasing degree of renal impairment. In subjects with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment, the AUC of tapentadol-O-glucuronide are 1.5-, 2.5-, and 5.5-fold higher compared with normal renal function, respectively.
Administration of NUCYNTA® resulted in higher exposures and serum levels to tapentadol in subjects with impaired hepatic function compared to subjects with normal hepatic function. The ratio of tapentadol pharmacokinetic parameters for the mild and moderate hepatic impairment groups in comparison to the normal hepatic function group were 1.7 and 4.2, respectively, for AUC; 1.4 and 2.5, respectively, for Cmax; and 1.2 and 1.4, respectively, for t1/2. The rate of formation of tapentadol-O-glucuronide was lower in subjects with increased liver impairment.
Pharmacokinetic Drug Interactions
Tapentadol is mainly metabolized by Phase 2 glucuronidation, a high capacity/low affinity system, therefore, clinically relevant interactions caused by Phase 2 metabolism are unlikely to occur. Naproxen and probenecid increased the AUC of tapentadol by 17% and 57%, respectively. These changes are not considered clinically relevant and no change in dose is required.
No changes in the pharmacokinetic parameters of tapentadol were observed when acetaminophen and acetylsalicylic acid were given concomitantly.
In vitro studies did not reveal any potential of tapentadol to either inhibit or induce cytochrome P450 enzymes. Thus, clinically relevant interactions mediated by the cytochrome P450 system are unlikely to occur.
The pharmacokinetics of tapentadol were not affected when gastric pH or gastrointestinal motility were increased by omeprazole and metoclopramide, respectively.
Plasma protein binding of tapentadol is low (approximately 20%). Therefore, the likelihood of pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions by displacement from the protein binding site is low.
4 CONTRAINDICATIONS4.1 Impaired Pulmonary Function
The following treatment-emergent adverse events are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:
Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse event rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. A treatment-emergent adverse event refers to any untoward medical event associated with the use of the drug in humans, whether or not considered drug-related.
Based on data from nine Phase 2/3 studies that administered multiple doses (seven placebo- and/or active-controlled, one noncontrolled and one Phase 3 active-controlled safety study) the most common adverse events (reported by ≥10% in any NUCYNTA® dose group) were: nausea, dizziness, vomiting and somnolence.
The most common reasons for discontinuation due to adverse events in the studies described above (reported by ≥1% in any NUCYNTA® dose group) were dizziness (2.6% vs. 0.5%), nausea (2.3% vs. 0.6%), vomiting (1.4% vs. 0.2%), somnolence (1.3% vs. 0.2%) and headache (0.9% vs. 0.2%) for NUCYNTA®- and placebo-treated patients, respectively.
Seventy-six percent of NUCYNTA®-treated patients from the nine studies experienced adverse events.
NUCYNTA® was studied in multiple-dose, active- or placebo-controlled studies, or noncontrolled studies (n = 2178), in single-dose studies (n = 870), in open-label study extension (n = 483) and in Phase 1 studies (n = 597). Of these, 2034 patients were treated with doses of 50 mg to 100 mg of NUCYNTA® dosed every 4 to 6 hours.
The data described below reflect exposure to NUCYNTA® in 3161 patients, including 449 exposed for 45 days. NUCYNTA® was studied primarily in placebo- and active-controlled studies (n = 2266, and n = 2944, respectively). The population was 18 to 85 years old (mean age 46 years), 68% were female, 75% white and 67% were postoperative. Most patients received NUCYNTA® doses of 50 mg, 75 mg, or 100 mg every 4 to 6 hours.6.1 Commonly-Observed Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events in Double-Blind Controlled Clinical Trials 10 OVERDOSAGE
Experience with NUCYNTA® overdose is very limited. Preclinical data suggest that symptoms similar to those of other centrally acting analgesics with mu-opioid agonist activity are to be expected upon intoxication with tapentadol. In principle, these symptoms may particularly appear in the clinical setting: miosis, vomiting, cardiovascular collapse, consciousness disorders up to coma, convulsions and respiratory depression up to respiratory arrest.
Management of overdose should be focused on treating symptoms of mu-opioid agonism. Primary attention should be given to re-establishment of a patent airway and institution of assisted or controlled ventilation when overdose of NUCYNTA® is suspected. Supportive measures (including oxygen and vasopressors) should be employed in the management of circulatory shock and pulmonary edema accompanying overdose as indicated. Cardiac arrest or arrhythmias may require cardiac massage or defibrillation.
Pure opioid antagonists, such as naloxone, are specific antidotes to respiratory depression resulting from opioid overdose. Respiratory depression following an overdose may outlast the duration of action of the opioid antagonist. Administration of an opioid antagonist is not a substitute for continuous monitoring of airway, breathing, and circulation following an opioid overdose. If the response to opioid antagonists is suboptimal or only brief in nature, an additional antagonist should be administered as directed by the manufacturer of the product.
Gastrointestinal decontamination may be considered in order to eliminate unabsorbed drug. Gastrointestinal decontamination with activated charcoal or by gastric lavage is only recommended within 2 hours after intake. Gastrointestinal decontamination at a later time point may be useful in case of intoxication with exceptionally large quantities. Before attempting gastrointestinal decontamination, care should be taken to secure the airway.2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
As with many centrally-acting analgesic medications, the dosing regimen should be individualized according to the severity of pain being treated, the previous experience with similar drugs and the ability to monitor the patient.
The dose is 50 mg, 75 mg, or 100 mg every 4 to 6 hours depending upon pain intensity.
On the first day of dosing, the second dose may be administered as soon as one hour after the first dose, if adequate pain relief is not attained with the first dose. Subsequent dosing is 50 mg, 75 mg, or 100 mg every 4 to 6 hours and should be adjusted to maintain adequate analgesia with acceptable tolerability.
Daily doses greater than 700 mg on the first day of therapy and 600 mg on subsequent days have not been studied and are not recommended.
NUCYNTA® may be given with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].2.1 Renal Impairment
No dosage adjustment is recommended in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
NUCYNTA® has not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment. The use in this population is not recommended.2.2 Hepatic Impairment
No dosage adjustment is recommended in patients with mild hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
NUCYNTA® should be used with caution in patients with moderate hepatic impairment. Treatment in these patients should be initiated at 50 mg with the interval between doses no less than every 8 hours (maximum of three doses in 24 hours). Further treatment should reflect maintenance of analgesia with acceptable tolerability, to be achieved by either shortening or lengthening the dosing interval [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
NUCYNTA® has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment and use in this population is not recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].2.3 Elderly Patients
In general, recommended dosing for elderly patients with normal renal and hepatic function is the same as for younger adult patients with normal renal and hepatic function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal and hepatic function, consideration should be given to starting elderly patients with the lower range of recommended doses.16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
NUCYNTA® Tablets are available in the following strengths and packages. All tablets are round and biconvex-shaped.
50 mg tablets are yellow and debossed with "O-M" on one side and "50" on the other side, and are available in bottles of 100 (NDC 50458-820-04) and hospital unit dose blister packs of 10 (NDC 50458-820-02).
75 mg tablets are yellow-orange and debossed with "O-M" on one side and "75" on the other side, and are available in bottles of 100 (NDC 50458-830-04) and hospital unit dose blister packs of 10 (NDC 50458-830-02).
100 mg tablets are orange and debossed with "O-M" on one side and "100" on the other side, and are available in bottles of 100 (NDC 50458-840-04) and hospital unit dose blister packs of 10 (NDC 50458-840-02).
Store up to 25ºC (77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º – 30ºC (59º – 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from moisture.
Keep out of reach of children.17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
Physicians are advised to discuss the following issues with patients for whom they prescribe NUCYNTA®:17.1 Instructions for Use
Patients should be advised NUCYNTA® should be taken only as directed and to report episodes of breakthrough pain and adverse experiences occurring during therapy to their physician. Individualization of dosage is essential to make optimal use of this medication. Patients should be advised not to adjust the dose of NUCYNTA® without consulting their physician [see Dosage and Administration (2)]. Patients should be advised that it may be appropriate to taper dosing when discontinuing treatment with NUCYNTA® as withdrawal symptoms may occur [see Drug Abuse and Dependence (9.3)]. The physician can provide a dose schedule to accomplish a gradual discontinuation of the medication.17.2 Misuse and Abuse
Patients should be advised that NUCYNTA® is a potential drug of abuse. Patients should protect NUCYNTA® from theft, and NUCYNTA® should never be given to anyone other than the individual for whom NUCYNTA® was prescribed [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].17.3 Interference with Cognitive and Motor Performance
As NUCYNTA® has the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, patients should be cautioned about operating hazardous machinery, including automobiles [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].17.4 Pregnancy
Patients should be advised to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during treatment with NUCYNTA® [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].17.5 Nursing
Patients should be advised not to breast-feed an infant during treatment with NUCYNTA® [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].17.6 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Patients should be informed not to take NUCYNTA® while using any drugs that inhibit monoamine oxidase. Patients should not start any new medications while taking NUCYNTA® until they are assured by their healthcare provider that the new medication is not a monoamine oxidase inhibitor.17.7 Seizures
Patients should be informed that NUCYNTA® could cause seizures if they are at risk for seizures or have epilepsy. Such patients should be advised to use NUCYNTA® with care [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]. Patients should be advised to stop taking NUCYNTA® if they have a seizure while taking NUCYNTA® and call their healthcare provider right away.17.8 Serotonin Syndrome
Patients should be informed that NUCYNTA® could cause rare but potentially life-threatening conditions resulting from concomitant administration of serotonergic drugs (including Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].
Patients should be advised to inform their physicians if they are taking, or plan to take, any prescription or over-the-counter drugs as there is a potential for interactions [see Drug Interactions (7)].17.9 Alcohol
Patients should be advised to avoid alcohol while taking NUCYNTA® [see Drug Interactions (7.3)].17.10 Medication Guide
See Medication Guide.
Revised: June 2010
Janssen Ortho, LLC
Gurabo, PR 00778
PriCara®, Division of Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Raritan, NJ 08869
© Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009
NUCYNTA - tapentadol hydrochloride tablet, film
Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
immediate-release oral tablets C-II
Read the Medication Guide that comes with NUCYNTA® before you start taking it and each time you get a new prescription. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions.
What is the most important information I should know about NUCYNTA®?
NUCYNTA® is a tablet that contains tapentadol, a strong medicine that is a pain medicine.
Use NUCYNTA® exactly how your doctor tells you to. Do not use NUCYNTA® if it has not been prescribed for you.
You should not take NUCYNTA® if your pain is mild and can be controlled with other pain medicines such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDS) or acetaminophen.
What is NUCYNTA®?
NUCYNTA® is for short-term use only because the risks for withdrawal symptoms, abuse and addiction are higher when NUCYNTA® is used longer.
Who should not take NUCYNTA®?
Do not take NUCYNTA® if you:
What should I tell my doctor before taking NUCYNTA®?
NUCYNTA® may not be right for you. Tell your doctor about all your medical conditions, including if you have:
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Using NUCYNTA® with other medicines can cause serious side effects. The doses of some other medicines may need to be changed. Your doctor can tell you what medicines can be safely taken with NUCYNTA®. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
How should I take NUCYNTA®?
What should I avoid while taking NUCYNTA®?
What are the possible side effects of NUCYNTA®?
NUCYNTA® can cause serious side effects including:
The common side effects with NUCYNTA® are nausea, dizziness, vomiting, sleepiness, and itching.
Constipation is a common side effect of all opioid medicines. Talk to your doctor about the use of laxatives and stool softeners to prevent or treat constipation while taking NUCYNTA®.
Tell your doctor about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of NUCYNTA®. For a complete list, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store NUCYNTA®?
Keep NUCYNTA® in a safe place out of the reach of children.
General information about NUCYNTA®
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use NUCYNTA® for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give NUCYNTA® to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. Sharing NUCYNTA® could be harmful and is against the law.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about NUCYNTA®. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about NUCYNTA® that is written for doctors. For more information about NUCYNTA® call 1-800-526-7736.
What are the ingredients in NUCYNTA®?
Active Ingredient: tapentadol
Inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, croscarmellose sodium, povidone, magnesium stearate, and Opadry® II, a proprietary film-coating mixture containing polyvinyl alcohol, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol, talc, and aluminum lake coloring.
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Revised: June 2010
Janssen Ortho, LLC
Gurabo, PR 00778
PriCara®, Division of Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Raritan, NJ 08869
© Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009Revised: 06/2010Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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