PREMARIN® (conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

PREMARIN - estrogens, conjugated tablet, film coated 
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc.

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PREMARIN®
(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

Rx only

WARNINGS

ENDOMETRIAL CANCER

Adequate diagnostic measures, including endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in all cases of undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal vaginal bleeding. (See WARNINGS, Malignant neoplasms, Endometrial cancer.)

CARDIOVASCULAR AND OTHER RISKS

Estrogens with or without progestins should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and WARNINGS, Cardiovascular disorders and Dementia.)

The estrogen alone substudy of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) reported increased risks of stroke and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 6.8 years and 7.1 years, respectively, of treatment with daily oral conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg), relative to placebo. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and WARNINGS, Cardiovascular disorders.)

The estrogen plus progestin substudy of WHI reported increased risks of myocardial infarction, stroke, invasive breast cancer, pulmonary emboli, and DVT in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 5.6 years of treatment with daily CE 0.625 mg combined with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA 2.5 mg), relative to placebo. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and WARNINGS, Cardiovascular disorders and Malignant neoplasms, Breast cancer.)

The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS), a substudy of WHI, reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 5.2 years of treatment with daily CE 0.625 mg alone and during 4 years of treatment with daily CE 0.625 mg combined with MPA 2.5 mg, relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and WARNINGS, Dementia and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE and MPA and other combinations and dosage forms of estrogens and progestins. Because of these risks, estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

DESCRIPTION

PREMARIN® (conjugated estrogens tablets, USP) for oral administration contains a mixture of conjugated estrogens obtained exclusively from natural sources, occurring as the sodium salts of water-soluble estrogen sulfates blended to represent the average composition of material derived from pregnant mares' urine. It is a mixture of sodium estrone sulfate and sodium equilin sulfate. It contains as concomitant components, as sodium sulfate conjugates, 17α-dihydroequilin, 17α-estradiol, and 17β-dihydroequilin. Tablets for oral administration are available in 0.3 mg, 0.45 mg, 0.625 mg, 0.9 mg, and 1.25 mg strengths of conjugated estrogens.

PREMARIN 0.3 mg, 0.45 mg, 0.625 mg, 0.9 mg, and 1.25 mg tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, hydroxypropyl cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, powdered cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, and titanium dioxide.

— 0.3 mg tablets also contain: D&C Yellow No. 10 and FD&C Blue No. 2.

— 0.45 mg tablets also contain: FD&C Blue No. 2.

— 0.625 mg tablets also contain: FD&C Blue No. 2 and FD&C Red No. 40.

— 0.9 mg tablets also contain: D&C Red No. 30 and D&C Red No. 7.

— 1.25 mg tablets also contain: black iron oxide, D&C Yellow No. 10 and FD&C Yellow No. 6.

PREMARIN tablets comply with USP Dissolution Test criteria as outlined below:

PREMARIN 1.25 mg tabletsUSP Dissolution Test 4
PREMARIN 0.3 mg, 0.45 mg and 0.625 mg tabletsUSP Dissolution Test 5
PREMARIN 0.9 mg tabletsUSP Dissolution Test 6

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Endogenous estrogens are largely responsible for the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics. Although circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions, estradiol is the principal intracellular human estrogen and is substantially more potent than its metabolites, estrone and estriol, at the receptor level.

The primary source of estrogen in normally cycling adult women is the ovarian follicle, which secretes 70 to 500 mcg of estradiol daily, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. After menopause, most endogenous estrogen is produced by conversion of androstenedione, secreted by the adrenal cortex, to estrone by peripheral tissues. Thus, estrone and the sulfate-conjugated form, estrone sulfate, are the most abundant circulating estrogens in postmenopausal women.

Estrogens act through binding to nuclear receptors in estrogen-responsive tissues. To date, two estrogen receptors have been identified. These vary in proportion from tissue to tissue.

Circulating estrogens modulate the pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), through a negative feedback mechanism. Estrogens act to reduce the elevated levels of these gonadotropins seen in postmenopausal women.

Pharmacokinetics

A. Absorption

Conjugated estrogens are water-soluble and are well-absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract after release from the drug formulation. The PREMARIN tablet releases conjugated estrogens slowly over several hours. Table 1 summarizes the mean pharmacokinetic parameters for unconjugated and conjugated estrogens following administration of 1 x 0.625 mg and 1 x 1.25 mg tablets to healthy postmenopausal women.

The pharmacokinetics of PREMARIN 0.45 mg and 1.25 mg tablets were assessed following a single dose with a high-fat breakfast and with fasting administration. The Cmax and AUC of estrogens were altered approximately 3-13%. The changes to Cmax and AUC are not considered clinically meaningful.

TABLE 1. PHARMACOKINETIC PARAMETERS FOR PREMARIN®
Pharmacokinetic Profile of Unconjugated Estrogens Following a Dose of 1 x 0.625 mg
PK Parameter
Arithmetic Mean
(%CV)
Cmax
(pg/mL)
tmax
(h)
t1/2
(h)
AUC
(pg•h/mL)
Estrone87 (33)9.6 (33)50.7 (35)5557 (59)
Baseline-adjusted estrone64 (42)9.6 (33)20.2 (40)1723 (52)
Equilin31 (38)7.9 (32)12.9 (112)602 (54)
Pharmacokinetic Profile of Conjugated Estrogens Following a Dose of 1 x 0.625 mg
PK Parameter
Arithmetic Mean
(%CV)
Cmax
(ng/mL)
tmax
(h)
t1/2
(h)
AUC
(ng•h/mL)
Total Estrone2.7 (43)6.9 (25)26.7 (33)75 (52)
Baseline-adjusted total estrone2.5 (45)6.9 (25)14.8 (35)46 (48)
Total Equilin1.8 (56)5.6 (45)11.4 (31)27 (56)
Pharmacokinetic Profile of Unconjugated Estrogens Following a Dose of 1 x 1.25 mg
PK Parameter
Arithmetic Mean
(%CV)
Cmax
(pg/mL)
tmax
(h)
t1/2
(h)
AUC
(pg•h/mL)
Estrone124 (30)10.0 (32)38.1 (37)6332 (44)
Baseline-adjusted estrone102 (35)10.0 (32)19.7 (48)3159 (53)
Equilin59 (43)8.8 (36)10.9 (47)1182 (42)
Pharmacokinetic Profile of Conjugated Estrogens Following a Dose of 1 x 1.25 mg
PK Parameter
Arithmetic Mean
(%CV)
Cmax
(ng/mL)
tmax
(h)
t1/2
(h)
AUC
(ng•h/mL)
Total Estrone4.5 (39)8.2 (58)26.5 (40)109 (46)
Baseline-adjusted total estrone4.3 (41)8.2 (58)17.5 (41)87 (44)
Total equilin2.9 (42)6.8 (49)12.5 (34)48 (51)

B. Distribution

The distribution of exogenous estrogens is similar to that of endogenous estrogens. Estrogens are widely distributed in the body and are generally found in higher concentration in the sex hormone target organs. Estrogens circulate in the blood largely bound to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and albumin.

C. Metabolism

Exogenous estrogens are metabolized in the same manner as endogenous estrogens. Circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions. These transformations take place mainly in the liver. Estradiol is converted reversibly to estrone, and both can be converted to estriol, which is the major urinary metabolite. Estrogens also undergo enterohepatic recirculation via sulfate and glucuronide conjugation in the liver, biliary secretion of conjugates into the intestine, and hydrolysis in the intestine followed by reabsorption. In postmenopausal women a significant proportion of the circulating estrogens exists as sulfate conjugates, especially estrone sulfate, which serves as a circulating reservoir for the formation of more active estrogens.

D. Excretion

Estradiol, estrone, and estriol are excreted in the urine, along with glucuronide and sulfate conjugates.

E. Special Populations

No pharmacokinetic studies were conducted in special populations, including patients with renal or hepatic impairment.

F. Drug Interactions

Data from a single-dose drug-drug interaction study involving conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate indicate that the pharmacokinetic dispositions of both drugs are not altered when the drugs are coadministered. No other clinical drug-drug interaction studies have been conducted with conjugated estrogens.

In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that estrogens are metabolized partially by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Therefore, inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 may affect estrogen drug metabolism. Inducers of CYP3A4, such as St. John's Wort preparations (Hypericum perforatum), phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and rifampin, may reduce plasma concentrations of estrogens, possibly resulting in a decrease in therapeutic effects and/or changes in the uterine bleeding profile. Inhibitors of CYP3A4, such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir and grapefruit juice, may increase plasma concentrations of estrogens and may result in side effects.

CLINICAL STUDIES

Effects on vasomotor symptoms

In the first year of the Health and Osteoporosis, Progestin and Estrogen (HOPE) Study, a total of 2,805 postmenopausal women (average age 53.3 ± 4.9 years) were randomly assigned to one of eight treatment groups, receiving either placebo or conjugated estrogens, with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate. Efficacy for vasomotor symptoms was assessed during the first 12 weeks of treatment in a subset of symptomatic women (n = 241) who had at least seven moderate to severe hot flushes daily, or at least 50 moderate to severe hot flushes during the week before randomization. PREMARIN (0.3 mg, 0.45 mg, and 0.625 mg tablets) was shown to be statistically better than placebo at weeks 4 and 12 for relief of both the frequency and severity of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms. Table 2 shows the adjusted mean number of hot flushes in the PREMARIN 0.3 mg, 0.45 mg, and 0.625 mg and placebo treatment groups over the initial 12-week period.

TABLE 2. SUMMARY TABULATION OF THE NUMBER OF HOT FLUSHES PER DAY – MEAN VALUES AND COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE ACTIVE TREATMENT GROUPS AND THE PLACEBO GROUP: PATIENTS WITH AT LEAST 7 MODERATE TO SEVERE FLUSHES PER DAY OR AT LEAST 50 PER WEEK AT BASELINE, LAST OBSERVATION CARRIED FORWARD (LOCF)
Treatment
(No. of Patients)
-------------------No. of Hot Flushes/Day------------------
a: Based on analysis of covariance with treatment as factor and baseline as covariate.
Time Period
(week)
Baseline
Mean ± SD
Observed
Mean ± SD
Mean
Change ± SD
p-Values
vs. Placeboa
0.625 mg CE
(n = 27)
    
   4
   12
12.29 ± 3.89
12.29 ± 3.89
1.95 ± 2.77
0.75 ± 1.82
-10.34 ± 4.73
-11.54 ± 4.62
<0.001
<0.001
0.45 mg CE
(n = 32)
    
   4
   12
12.25 ± 5.04
12.25 ± 5.04
5.04 ± 5.31
2.32 ± 3.32
-7.21 ± 4.75
-9.93 ± 4.64
<0.001
<0.001
0.3 mg CE
(n = 30)
    
   4
   12
13.77 ± 4.78
13.77 ± 4.78
4.65 ± 3.71
2.52 ± 3.23
-9.12 ± 4.71
-11.25 ± 4.60
<0.001
<0.001
Placebo
(n = 28)
    
   4
   12
11.69 ± 3.87
11.69 ± 3.87
7.89 ± 5.28
5.71 ± 5.22
-3.80 ± 4.71
-5.98 ± 4.60
-
-

Effects on vulvar and vaginal atrophy

Results of vaginal maturation indexes at cycles 6 and 13 showed that the differences from placebo were statistically significant (p < 0.001) for all treatment groups (conjugated estrogens alone and conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate treatment groups).

Effects on bone mineral density

Health and Osteoporosis, Progestin and Estrogen (HOPE) Study

The HOPE study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo/active-drug-controlled, multicenter study of healthy postmenopausal women with an intact uterus. Subjects (mean age 53.3 ± 4.9 years) were 2.3 ± 0.9 years on average since menopause and took one 600-mg tablet of elemental calcium (Caltrate™) daily. Subjects were not given Vitamin D supplements. They were treated with PREMARIN 0.625 mg, 0.45 mg, 0.3 mg, or placebo. Prevention of bone loss was assessed by measurement of bone mineral density (BMD), primarily at the anteroposterior lumbar spine (L2 to L4). Secondarily, BMD measurements of the total body, femoral neck, and trochanter were also analyzed. Serum osteocalcin, urinary calcium, and N-telopeptide were used as bone turnover markers (BTM) at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26.

Intent-to-treat subjects

All active treatment groups showed significant differences from placebo in each of the four BMD endpoints at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26. The mean percent increases in the primary efficacy measure (L2 to L4 BMD) at the final on‑therapy evaluation (cycle 26 for those who completed and the last available evaluation for those who discontinued early) were 2.46 percent with 0.625 mg, 2.26 percent with 0.45 mg, and 1.13 percent with 0.3 mg. The placebo group showed a mean percent decrease from baseline at the final evaluation of 2.45 percent. These results show that the lower dosages of PREMARIN were effective in increasing L2 to L4 BMD compared with placebo, and therefore support the efficacy of the lower doses.

The analysis for the other three BMD endpoints yielded mean percent changes from baseline in femoral trochanter that were generally larger than those seen for L2 to L4, and changes in femoral neck and total body that were generally smaller than those seen for L2 to L4. Significant differences between groups indicated that each of the PREMARIN treatments was more effective than placebo for all three of these additional BMD endpoints. With regard to femoral neck and total body, the active treatment groups all showed mean percent increases in BMD, while placebo treatment was accompanied by mean percent decreases. For femoral trochanter, each of the PREMARIN dose groups showed a mean percent increase that was significantly greater than the small increase seen in the placebo group. The percent changes from baseline to final evaluation are shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3. PERCENT CHANGE IN BONE MINERAL DENSITY: COMPARISON BETWEEN ACTIVE AND PLACEBO GROUPS IN THE INTENT-TO-TREAT POPULATION, LOCF
Region Evaluated
Treatment Groupa
No. of
Subjects
Baseline
(g/cm2)
Mean ± SD
Change from Baseline (%)
Adjusted
Mean ± SE
p-Value vs Placebo
a: Identified by dosage (mg) of PREMARIN or placebo.
L2 to L4 BMD    
    0.625
    0.45
    0.3
    Placebo
83
91
87
85
1.17 ± 0.15
1.13 ± 0.15
1.14 ± 0.15
1.14 ± 0.14
2.46 ± 0.37
2.26 ± 0.35
1.13 ± 0.36
-2.45 ± 0.36
<0.001
<0.001
<0.001
 
Total Body BMD    
    0.625
    0.45
    0.3
    Placebo
84
91
87
85
1.15 ± 0.08
1.14 ± 0.08
1.14 ± 0.07
1.13 ± 0.08
0.68 ± 0.17
0.74 ± 0.16
0.40 ± 0.17
-1.50 ± 0.17
<0.001
<0.001
<0.001
 
Femoral Neck BMD    
    0.625
    0.45
    0.3
    Placebo
84
91
87
85
0.91 ± 0.14
0.89 ± 0.13
0.86 ± 0.11
0.88 ± 0.14
1.82 ± 0.45
1.84 ± 0.44
0.62 ± 0.45
-1.72 ± 0.45
<0.001
<0.001
<0.001
 
Femoral Trochanter BMD    
    0.625
    0.45
    0.3
    Placebo
84
91
87
85
0.78 ± 0.13
0.76 ± 0.12
0.75 ± 0.10
0.75 ± 0.12
3.82 ± 0.58
3.16 ± 0.56
3.05 ± 0.57
0.81 ± 0.58
<0.001
0.003
0.005
 

Figure 1 shows the cumulative percentage of subjects with changes from baseline equal to or greater than the value shown on the x-axis.

Figure 1

Figure 1. CUMULATIVE PERCENT OF SUBJECTS WITH CHANGES FROM BASELINE IN SPINE BMD OF GIVEN MAGNITUDE OR GREATER IN PREMARIN® AND PLACEBO GROUPS

The mean percent changes from baseline in L2 to L4 BMD for women who completed the bone density study are shown with standard error bars by treatment group in Figure 2. Significant differences between each of the PREMARIN dosage groups and placebo were found at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26.

Figure 2

Figure 2. ADJUSTED MEAN (SE) PERCENT CHANGE FROM BASELINE AT EACH CYCLE IN SPINE BMD: SUBJECTS COMPLETING IN PREMARIN® GROUPS AND PLACEBO

The bone turnover markers serum osteocalcin and urinary N-telopeptide significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in all active-treatment groups at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26 compared with the placebo group. Larger mean decreases from baseline were seen with the active groups than with the placebo group. Significant differences from placebo were seen less frequently in urine calcium.

Women's Health Initiative Studies

The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) enrolled approximately 27,000 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women in two substudies to assess the risks and benefits of either the use of daily oral conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg) alone or in combination with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA 2.5 mg) compared to placebo in the prevention of certain chronic diseases. The primary endpoint was the incidence of coronary heart disease [CHD] (nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], silent MI and CHD death), with invasive breast cancer as the primary adverse outcome. A “global index” included the earliest occurrence of CHD, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), endometrial cancer (only in CE/MPA substudy),colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes. The study did not evaluate the effects of CE or CE/MPA on menopausal symptoms.

The estrogen alone substudy was stopped early because an increased risk of stroke was observed, and it was deemed that no further information would be obtained regarding the risks and benefits of estrogen alone in predetermined primary endpoints. Results of the estrogen alone substudy, which included 10,739 women (average age of 63 years, range 50 to 79; 75.3 percent White, 15.1 percent Black, 6.1 percent Hispanic, 3.6 percent Other) after an average follow-up of 6.8 years, are presented in Table 4.

TABLE 4. RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE RISK SEEN IN THE ESTROGEN ALONE SUBSTUDY OF WHI
EventRelative Risk
CE vs. Placebo
(95% nCIa)
Placebo
n = 5,429
CE
n = 5,310
Absolute Risk per 10,000
Women-Years
aNominal confidence intervals unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons.

bResults are based on centrally adjudicated data for an average follow-up of 7.1 years.

cResults are based on an average follow-up of 6.8 years.

dNot included in Global Index.

eAll deaths, except from breast or colorectal cancer, definite/probable CHD, PE or cerebrovascular disease.

fA subset of the events was combined in a “global index,” defined as the earliest occurrence of CHD events, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes.

CHD eventsb0.95 (0.79-1.16)5653
  Non-fatal MIb0.91 (0.73-1.14)43 40
  CHD deathb1.01 (0.71-1.43)1616
Strokeb1.37 (1.09-1.73)3345
   Ischemicb1.55 (1.19-2.01)2538
Deep vein thrombosisb,d1.47 (1.06-2.06)1523
Pulmonary embolismb1.37 (0.90-2.07)1014
Invasive breast cancerb0.80 (0.62-1.04)3428
Colorectal cancerc1.08 (0.75-1.55)1617
Hip fracturec0.61 (0.41-0.91)1711
Vertebral fracturesc,d0.62 (0.42-0.93)1711
Total fracturesc,d0.70 (0.63-0.79)195139
Death due to other causesc,e1.08 (0.88-1.32)5053
Overall mortalityc,d1.04 (0.88-1.22)7881
Global Indexc,f1.01 (0.91-1.12)190192

For those outcomes included in the WHI “global index” that reached statistical significance, the absolute excess risk per 10,000 women-years in the group treated with CE alone were 12 more strokes while the absolute risk reduction per 10,000 women-years was 6 fewer hip fractures. The absolute excess risk of events included in the “global index” was a nonsignificant 2 events per 10,000 women-years. There was no difference between the groups in terms of all-cause mortality. (See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS.)

Final centrally adjudicated results for CHD events and centrally adjudicated results for invasive breast cancer incidence from the estrogen alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, reported no overall difference for primary CHD events (nonfatal MI, silent MI and CHD death) and invasive breast cancer incidence in women receiving CE alone compared with placebo (see Table 4).

Centrally adjudicated results for stroke events from the estrogen alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, reported no significant difference in distribution of stroke subtype or severity, including fatal strokes, in women receiving CE alone compared to placebo. Estrogen alone increased the risk of ischemic stroke, and this excess was present in all subgroups of women examined (see Table 4).

The estrogen plus progestin substudy was also stopped early. According to the predefined stopping rule, after an average follow-up of 5.2 years of treatment, the increased risk of breast cancer and cardiovascular events exceeded the specified benefits included in the “global index.” The absolute excess risk of events included in the “global index” was 19 per 10,000 women-years (relative risk [RR] 1.15, 95 percent nCI 1.03-1.28).

For those outcomes included in the WHI “global index” that reached statistical significance after 5.6 years of follow-up, the absolute excess risks per 10,000 women years in the group treated with CE/MPA were 6 more CHD events, 7 more strokes, 10 more PEs, and 8 more invasive breast cancers, while the absolute risk reductions per 10,000 women-years were 7 fewer colorectal cancers and 5 fewer hip fractures. (See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS.)

Results of the estrogen plus progestin substudy, which included 16,608 women (average age of 63 years, range 50 to 79; 83.9 percent White, 6.8 percent Black, 5.4 percent Hispanic, 3.9 percent Other), are presented in Table 5. These results reflect centrally adjudicated data after an average follow-up of 5.6 years.

TABLE 5. RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE RISK SEEN IN THE ESTROGEN PLUS PROGESTIN SUBSTUDY OF WHI AT AN AVERAGE OF 5.6 YEARSa
EventRelative Risk
CE/MPA vs. Placebo
(95% nCIb)
Placebo
n = 8,102
CE/MPA
n = 8,506
Absolute Risk per 10,000
Women-years
aResults are based on centrally adjudicated data. Mortality data was not part of the adjudicated data; however, data at 5.2 years of follow-up showed no difference between the groups in terms of all-cause mortality (RR 0.98, 95 percent nCI 0.82-1.18).

bNominal confidence intervals unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons.

cIncludes metastatic and non-metastatic breast cancer, with the exception of in situ breast cancer.

CHD events1.24 (1.00-1.54)3339
  Non-fatal MI1.28 (1.00-1.63)25 31
  CHD death1.10 (0.70-1.75)8 8
All strokes1.31 (1.02-1.68)2431
  Ischemic Stroke1.44 (1.09-1.90) 18 26
Deep vein thrombosis1.95 (1.43-2.67)1326
Pulmonary embolism2.13 (1.45-3.11)818
Invasive breast cancerc1.24 (1.01-1.54)3341
Invasive colorectal cancer0.56 (0.38-0.81)169
Endometrial cancer0.81 (0.48-1.36)76
Cervical cancer1.44 (0.47-4.42)12
Hip fracture0.67 (0.47-0.96)1611
Vertebral fractures0.65 (0.46-0.92)1711
Lower arm/wrist fractures0.71 (0.59-0.85)6244
Total fractures0.76 (0.69-0.83)199152

Women's Health Initiative Memory Study

The estrogen alone Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS), a substudy of WHI, enrolled 2,947 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women 65 years of age and older (45 percent, age 65 to 69 years; 36 percent, 70 to 74 years; 19 percent, 75 years of age and older) to evaluate the effects of daily CE 0.625 mg on the incidence of probable dementia (primary outcome) compared with placebo.

After an average follow-up of 5.2 years, 28 women in the estrogen alone group (37 per 10,000 women-years) and 19 in the placebo group (25 per 10,000 women-years) were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia in the estrogen alone group was 1.49 (95 percent CI 0.83–2.66) compared to placebo. It is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women. (See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, Dementia and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

The estrogen plus progestin WHIMS substudy enrolled 4,532 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women 65 years of age and older (47 percent, age 65 to 69 years; 35 percent, 70 to 74 years; 18 percent, 75 years of age and older) to evaluate the effects of CE/MPA 0.625 mg conjugated estrogens/2.5 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate daily on the incidence of probable dementia (primary outcome) compared with placebo.

After an average follow-up of 4 years, 40 women in the estrogen plus progestin group (45 per 10,000 women-years) and 21 in the placebo group (22 per 10,000 women-years) were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia in the hormone therapy group was 2.05 (95 percent CI 1.21–3.48) compared to placebo. It is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women. (See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, Dementia and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

When data from the two populations were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI 1.19-2.60). Differences between groups became apparent in the first year of treatment. It is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women. (See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, Dementia and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PREMARIN therapy is indicated in the:

  1. Treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms due to menopause.
  2. Treatment of moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy due to menopause. When prescribing solely for the treatment of symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, topical vaginal products should be considered.
  3. Treatment of hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism, castration or primary ovarian failure.
  4. Treatment of breast cancer (for palliation only) in appropriately selected women and men with metastatic disease.
  5. Treatment of advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate (for palliation only).
  6. Prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. When prescribing solely for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, therapy should only be considered for women at significant risk of osteoporosis and for whom non-estrogen medications are not considered to be appropriate. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

    The mainstays for decreasing the risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis are weight-bearing exercise, adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, and when indicated, pharmacologic therapy. Postmenopausal women require an average of 1500 mg/day of elemental calcium. Therefore, when not contraindicated, calcium supplementation may be helpful for women with suboptimal dietary intake. Vitamin D supplementation of 400-800 IU/day may also be required to ensure adequate daily intake in postmenopausal women.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

PREMARIN therapy should not be used in individuals with any of the following conditions:

  1. Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding.
  2. Known, suspected, or history of cancer of the breast except in appropriately selected patients being treated for metastatic disease.
  3. Known or suspected estrogen-dependent neoplasia.
  4. Active deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or a history of these conditions.
  5. Active or recent (within the past year) arterial thromboembolic disease (for example, stroke, myocardial infarction).
  6. Liver dysfunction or disease.
  7. Known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients in PREMARIN.
  8. Known or suspected pregnancy.

WARNINGS

See BOXED WARNINGS.

1. Cardiovascular disorders

An increased risk of stroke and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has been reported with estrogen alone therapy.

An increased risk of stroke, DVT, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction has been reported with estrogen plus progestin therapy.

Should any of these events occur or be suspected, estrogens with or without progestins should be discontinued immediately.

Risk factors for arterial vascular disease (for example, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity) and/or venous thromboembolism (for example, personal history or family history of VTE, obesity, and systemic lupus erythematosus) should be managed appropriately.

a. Stroke

In the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) estrogen alone substudy, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women receiving daily conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg) compared to placebo (44 versus 32 per 10,000 women-years). The increase in risk was demonstrated in year one and persisted. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

In the estrogen plus progestin substudy of WHI, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women receiving daily CE 0.625 mg plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA 2.5 mg) compared to placebo (31 versus 24 per 10,000 women-years). The increase in risk was demonstrated after the first year and persisted. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

b. Coronary heart disease

In the estrogen alone substudy of WHI, no overall effect on coronary heart disease (CHD) events (defined as nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], silent MI, or CHD death) was reported in women receiving estrogen alone compared to placebo. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

In the estrogen plus progestin substudy of WHI, no statistically significant increase of CHD events was reported in women receiving CE/MPA compared to placebo (39 versus 33 per 10,000 women years). An increase in relative risk was demonstrated in year 1, and a trend toward decreasing relative risk was reported in years 2 through 5.

In postmenopausal women with documented heart disease (n = 2,763, average age 66.7 years), in a controlled clinical trial of secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study; HERS), treatment with daily CE 0.625 mg/MPA 2.5 mg demonstrated no cardiovascular benefit. During an average follow-up of 4.1 years, treatment with CE/MPA did not reduce the overall rate of CHD events in postmenopausal women with established coronary heart disease. There were more CHD events in the CE/MPA-treated group than in the placebo group in year one, but not during the subsequent years. Two thousand three hundred and twenty one (2,321) women from the original HERS trial agreed to participate in an open-label extension of HERS, HERS II. Average follow-up in HERS II was an additional 2.7 years, for a total of 6.8 years overall. Rates of CHD events were comparable among women in the CE/MPA group and the placebo group in the HERS, the HERS II, and overall.

c. Venous thromboembolism (VTE)

In the estrogen alone substudy of WHI, the risk of VTE (DVT and pulmonary embolism [PE]), was reported to be increased for women receiving daily CE compared to placebo (30 versus 22 per 10,000 women-years), although only the increased risk of DVT reached statistical significance (23 versus 15 per 10,000 women years). The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first 2 years. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

In the estrogen plus progestin substudy of WHI, a statistically significant 2-fold greater rate of VTE was reported in women receiving daily CE/MPA compared to placebo (35 versus 17 per 10,000 women-years). Statistically significant increases in risk for both DVT (26 versus 13 per 10,000 women-years) and PE (18 versus 8 per 10,000 women years) were also demonstrated. The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first year and persisted. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

If feasible, estrogens should be discontinued at least 4 to 6 weeks before surgery of the type associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, or during periods of prolonged immobilization.

2. Malignant neoplasms

a. Endometrial cancer

An increased risk of endometrial cancer has been reported with the use of unopposed estrogen therapy in women with a uterus. The reported endometrial cancer risk among unopposed estrogen users with an intact uterus is about 2 to 12 times greater than in non-users, and appears dependent on duration of treatment and on estrogen dose. Most studies show no significant increased risk associated with the use of estrogens for less than 1 year. The greatest risk appears associated with prolonged use, with increased risks of 15- to 24-fold for 5 to 10 years or more, and this risk has been shown to persist for at least 8 to 15 years after estrogen therapy is discontinued.

Clinical surveillance of all women using estrogen plus progestin therapy is important. Adequate diagnostic measures, including endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in all cases of undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal vaginal bleeding. There is no evidence that the use of natural estrogens results in a different endometrial risk profile than synthetic estrogens of equivalent estrogen dose. Adding a progestin to postmenopausal estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer.

b. Breast cancer

The most important randomized clinical trial providing information about this issue in estrogen alone users is the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) substudy of daily conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg). In the estrogen alone substudy of WHI, after an average 7.1 years of follow-up, daily CE 0.625 mg was not associated with an increased risk of invasive breast cancer (relative risk [RR] 0.80, 95 percent nominal confidence interval [nCI] 0.62-1.04). (see CLINICAL STUDIES).

The most important randomized clinical trial providing information about this issue in estrogen plus progestin users is the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) substudy of daily CE 0.625 mg plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA 2.5 mg). In the estrogen plus progestin substudy, after a mean follow-up of 5.6 years, the WHI substudy reported an increased risk of breast cancer in women who took daily CE/MPA. In this substudy, prior use of estrogen alone or estrogen plus progestin therapy was reported by 26 percent of the women. The relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.24 (95 percent nCI 1.01-1.54), and the absolute risk was 41 versus 33 cases per 10,000 women-years, for estrogen plus progestin compared with placebo, respectively. Among women who reported prior use of hormone therapy, the relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.86, and the absolute risk was 46 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years, for CE/MPA compared with placebo. Among women who reported no prior use of hormone therapy, the relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.09, and the absolute risk was 40 versus 36 cases per 10,000 women-years for estrogen plus progestin compared with placebo. In the same substudy, invasive breast cancers were larger and diagnosed at a more advanced stage in the CE/MPA group compared with the placebo group. Metastatic disease was rare, with no apparent difference between the two groups. Other prognostic factors, such as histologic subtype, grade and hormone receptor status did not differ between the groups. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

The results from observational studies are generally consistent with those of the WHI clinical trial. Observational studies have also reported an increased risk of breast cancer for estrogen plus progestin therapy, and a smaller increased risk for estrogen alone therapy, after several years of use. The risk increased with duration of use, and appeared to return to baseline over about 5 years after stopping treatment (only the observational studies have substantial data on risk after stopping). Observational studies also suggest that the risk of breast cancer was greater, and became apparent earlier, with estrogen plus progestin therapy as compared to estrogen alone therapy. However, these studies have not found significant variation in the risk of breast cancer among different estrogen plus progestin combinations, doses, or routes of administration.

The use of estrogen alone and estrogen plus progestin has been reported to result in an increase in abnormal mammograms requiring further evaluation.

All women should receive yearly breast examinations by a healthcare provider and perform monthly breast self-examinations. In addition, mammography examinations should be scheduled based on patient age, risk factors, and prior mammogram results.

3. Dementia

In the estrogen alone Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS), a substudy of WHI, a population of 2,947 hysterectomized women 65 to 79 years of age was randomized to daily conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg) or placebo. In the estrogen plus progestin WHIMS substudy, a population of 4,532 postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years of age was randomized to daily CE 0.625 mg plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA 2.5 mg) or placebo.

In the estrogen alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 5.2 years, 28 women in the estrogen alone group and 19 women in the placebo group were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia for CE alone versus placebo was 1.49 (95 percent CI 0.83-2.66). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE alone versus placebo was 37 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

In the estrogen plus progestin substudy, after an average follow-up of 4 years, 40 women in the CE/MPA group and 21 women in the placebo group were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia for CE/MPA versus placebo was 2.05 (95 percent CI 1.21-3.48). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE/MPA versus placebo was 45 versus 22 cases per 10,000 women-years. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

When data from the two populations were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI 1.19-2.60). Since both substudies were conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women. (See BOXED WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

4. Gallbladder Disease

A 2- to 4-fold increase in the risk of gallbladder disease requiring surgery in postmenopausal women receiving estrogens has been reported.

5. Hypercalcemia

Estrogen administration may lead to severe hypercalcemia in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases. If hypercalcemia occurs, use of the drug should be stopped and appropriate measures taken to reduce the serum calcium level.

6. Visual abnormalities

Retinal vascular thrombosis has been reported in patients receiving estrogens. Discontinue medication pending examination if there is sudden partial or complete loss of vision, or a sudden onset of proptosis, diplopia, or migraine. If examination reveals papilledema or retinal vascular lesions, estrogens should be permanently discontinued.

7. Angioedema

Exogenous estrogens may induce or exacerbate symptoms of angioedema, particularly in women with hereditary angioedema.

PRECAUTIONS

A. General

1. Addition of a progestin when a woman has not had a hysterectomy

Studies of the addition of a progestin for 10 or more days of a cycle of estrogen administration, or daily with estrogen in a continuous regimen, have reported a lowered incidence of endometrial hyperplasia than would be induced by estrogen treatment alone. Endometrial hyperplasia may be a precursor to endometrial cancer.

There are, however, possible risks that may be associated with the use of progestins with estrogens compared to estrogen-alone regimens. These include: a possible increased risk of breast cancer, adverse effects on lipoprotein metabolism (lowering HDL, raising LDL) and impairment of glucose tolerance.

2. Elevated blood pressure

In a small number of case reports, substantial increases in blood pressure have been attributed to idiosyncratic reactions to estrogens. In a large, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, a generalized effect of estrogen therapy on blood pressure was not seen. Blood pressure should be monitored at regular intervals during estrogen use.

3. Hypertriglyceridemia

In patients with pre-existing hypertriglyceridemia, estrogen therapy may be associated with elevations of plasma triglycerides leading to pancreatitis and other complications. Consider discontinuation of treatment if pancreatitis or other complications develop.

In the HOPE study, the mean percent increase from baseline in serum triglycerides after one year of treatment with PREMARIN 0.625 mg, 0.45 mg, and 0.3 mg compared with placebo were 34.3, 30.2, 25.1, and 10.7, respectively. After two years of treatment, the mean percent changes were 47.6, 32.5, 19.0, and 5.5, respectively.

4. Impaired liver function and past history of cholestatic jaundice

Estrogens may be poorly metabolized in patients with impaired liver function. For patients with a history of cholestatic jaundice associated with past estrogen use or with pregnancy, caution should be exercised, and in the case of recurrence, medication should be discontinued.

5. Hypothyroidism

Estrogen administration leads to increased thyroid-binding globulin (TBG) levels. Patients with normal thyroid function can compensate for the increased TBG by making more thyroid hormone, thus maintaining free T4 and T3 serum concentrations in the normal range. Patients dependent on thyroid hormone replacement therapy who are also receiving estrogens may require increased doses of their thyroid replacement therapy. These patients should have their thyroid function monitored in order to maintain their free thyroid hormone levels in an acceptable range.

6. Fluid retention

Estrogens may cause some degree of fluid retention. Patients with conditions that might be influenced by this factor, such as cardiac or renal dysfunction, warrant careful observation when estrogens are prescribed.

7. Hypocalcemia

Estrogens should be used with caution in individuals with severe hypocalcemia.

8. Ovarian cancer

The estrogen plus progestin substudy of WHI reported a non-statistically significant increased risk of ovarian cancer. After an average follow-up of 5.6 years, the relative risk for ovarian cancer for CE/MPA versus placebo was 1.58 (95 percent nCI 0.77 – 3.24). The absolute risk for CE/MPA versus placebo was 4.2 versus 2.7 cases per 10,000 women-years. In some epidemiologic studies, the use of estrogen-only products, in particular for 5 or more years, has been associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. However, the duration of exposure associated with increased risk is not consistent across all epidemiologic studies and some report no association.

9. Exacerbation of endometriosis

Endometriosis may be exacerbated with administration of estrogen therapy.

A few cases of malignant transformation of residual endometrial implants have been reported in women treated post-hysterectomy with estrogen alone therapy. For patients known to have residual endometriosis post-hysterectomy, the addition of progestin should be considered.

10. Exacerbation of other conditions

Estrogen therapy may cause an exacerbation of asthma, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, migraine, porphyria, systemic lupus erythematosus, and hepatic hemangiomas and should be used with caution in patients with these conditions.

B. Patient Information

Physicians are advised to discuss the contents of the PATIENT INFORMATION leaflet with patients for whom they prescribe PREMARIN.

C. Laboratory Tests

Serum follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol levels have not been shown to be useful in the management of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy.

Laboratory parameters may be useful in guiding dosage for the treatment of hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism, castration and primary ovarian failure.

D. Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

  1. Accelerated prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and platelet aggregation time; increased platelet count; increased factors II, VII antigen, VIII antigen, VIII coagulant activity, IX, X, XII, VII-X complex, II-VII-X complex, and beta-thromboglobulin; decreased levels of anti-factor Xa and antithrombin III, decreased antithrombin III activity; increased levels of fibrinogen and fibrinogen activity; increased plasminogen antigen and activity.
  2. Increased thyroid binding globulin (TBG) levels leading to increased circulating total thyroid hormone levels as measured by protein-bound iodine (PBI), T4 levels (by column or by radioimmunoassay) or T3 levels by radioimmunoassay. T3 resin uptake is decreased, reflecting the elevated TBG. Free T4 and free T3 concentrations are unaltered. Patients on thyroid replacement therapy may require higher doses of thyroid hormone.
  3. Other binding proteins may be elevated in serum, i.e., corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), leading to increased total circulating corticosteroids and sex steroids, respectively. Free hormone concentrations may be decreased. Other plasma proteins may be increased (angiotensinogen/renin substrate, alpha-1-antitrypsin, ceruloplasmin).
  4. Increased plasma HDL and HDL2 cholesterol subfraction concentrations, reduced LDL cholesterol concentrations, increased triglyceride levels.
  5. Impaired glucose tolerance.

E. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

(See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS.)

Long-term continuous administration of natural and synthetic estrogens in certain animal species increases the frequency of carcinomas of the breast, uterus, cervix, vagina, testis, and liver.

F. Pregnancy

PREMARIN should not be used during pregnancy. (See CONTRAINDICATIONS.)

G. Nursing Mothers

PREMARIN should not be used during lactation. Estrogen administration to nursing mothers has been shown to decrease the quantity and quality of the milk. Detectable amounts of estrogens have been identified in the milk of mothers receiving this drug.

H. Pediatric Use

Estrogen therapy has been used for the induction of puberty in adolescents with some forms of pubertal delay. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not otherwise been established.

Large and repeated doses of estrogen over an extended time period have been shown to accelerate epiphyseal closure, which could result in short stature if treatment is initiated before the completion of physiologic puberty in normally developing children. If estrogen is administered to patients whose bone growth is not complete, periodic monitoring of bone maturation and effects on epiphyseal centers is recommended during estrogen administration.

Estrogen treatment of prepubertal girls also induces premature breast development and vaginal cornification, and may induce vaginal bleeding. In boys, estrogen treatment may modify the normal pubertal process and induce gynecomastia. (See INDICATIONS AND USAGE and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

I. Geriatric Use

With respect to efficacy in the approved indications, there have not been sufficient numbers of geriatric patients involved in studies utilizing PREMARIN to determine whether those over 65 years of age differ from younger subjects in their response to PREMARIN.

In the estrogen alone substudy of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study, 46 percent (n=4,943) were 65 years of age and older, while 7.1 percent (n=767) were 75 years of age and older. There was a higher relative risk (daily conjugated estrogens [CE 0.625 mg] versus placebo) of stroke in women less than 75 years of age compared to women 75 years and older.

In the estrogen alone Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS), a substudy of WHI, a population of 2,947 hysterectomized women, 65 to 79 years of age, was randomized to daily CE 0.625 mg or placebo. After an average follow-up of 5.2 years, the relative risk (CE versus placebo) of probable dementia was 1.49 (95 percent CI 0.83-2.66). The absolute risk of developing probable dementia with estrogen alone was 37 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years compared with placebo.

Of the total number of subjects in the estrogen plus progestin substudy of the Women's Health Initiative study, 44 percent (n=7,320) were 65 years of age and older, while 6.6 percent (n=1,095) were 75 years and older. In women 75 years of age and older compared to women less than 74 years of age, there was a higher relative risk of nonfatal stroke and invasive breast cancer in the estrogen plus progestin group versus placebo. In women greater than 75, the increased risk of nonfatal stroke and invasive breast cancer observed in the estrogen plus progestin group compared to placebo was 75 versus 24 per 10,000 women-years and 52 versus 12 per 10,000 women years, respectively.

In the estrogen plus progestin substudy of WHIMS, a population of 4,532 postmenopausal women, 65 to 79 years of age, was randomized to daily CE 0.625 mg/MPA 2.5 mg or placebo. In the estrogen plus progestin group, after an average follow-up of 4 years, the relative risk (CE/MPA versus placebo) of probable dementia was 2.05 (95 percent CI 1.21-3.48). The absolute risk of developing probable dementia with CE/MPA was 45 versus 22 cases per 10,000 women-years compared with placebo.

Seventy-nine percent of the cases of probable dementia occurred in women that were older than 70 for the CE alone group, and 82 percent of the cases of probable dementia occurred in women who were older than 70 in the CE/MPA group. The most common classification of probable dementia in both the treatment groups and placebo groups was Alzheimer’s disease.

When data from the two populations were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI 1.19-2.60). Since both substudies were conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women. (See BOXED WARNINGS and WARNINGS, Dementia.)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

See BOXED WARNINGS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS.

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

During the first year of a 2-year clinical trial with 2,333 postmenopausal women between 40 and 65 years of age (88% Caucasian), 1,012 women were treated with conjugated estrogens and 332 were treated with placebo. Table 6 summarizes adverse events that occurred at a rate of ≥ 5%.

TABLE 6. NUMBER (%) OF PATIENTS REPORTING ≥ 5% TREATMENT EMERGENT ADVERSE EVENTS
 --Conjugated Estrogens Treatment Group-- 
Body System0.625 mg0.45 mg0.3 mgPlacebo
   Adverse event(n = 348)(n = 338)(n = 326)(n = 332)
Any adverse event323 (93%)305 (90%)292 (90%)281 (85%)
Body as a Whole    
   Abdominal pain
   Accidental injury
   Asthenia
   Back pain
   Flu syndrome
   Headache
   Infection
   Pain
56 (16%)
21 (6%)
25 (7%)
49 (14%)
37 (11%)
90 (26%)
61 (18%)
58 (17%)
50 (15%)
41 (12%)
23 (7%)
43 (13%)
38 (11%)
109 (32%)
75 (22%)
61 (18%)
54 (17%)
20 (6%)
25 (8%)
43 (13%)
33 (10%)
96 (29%)
74 (23%)
66 (20%)
37 (11%)
29 (9%)
16 (5%)
39 (12%)
35 (11%)
93 (28%)
74 (22%)
61 (18%)
Digestive System
   Diarrhea
   Dyspepsia
   Flatulence
   Nausea
21 (6%)
33 (9%)
24 (7%)
32 (9%)
25 (7%)
32 (9%)
23 (7%)
21 (6%)
19 (6%)
36 (11%)
18 (6%)
21 (6%)
21 (6%)
46 (14%)
9 (3%)
30 (9%)
Musculoskeletal System
   Arthralgia
   Leg cramps
   Myalgia
47 (14%)
19 (5%)
18 (5%)
42 (12%)
23 (7%)
18 (5%)
22 (7%)
11 (3%)
29 (9%)
39 (12%)
7 (2%)
25 (8%)
Nervous System
   Depression
   Dizziness
   Insomnia
   Nervousness
25 (7%)
19 (5%)
21 (6%)
12 (3%)
27 (8%)
20 (6%)
25 (7%)
17 (5%)
17 (5%)
12 (4%)
24 (7%)
6 (2%)
22 (7%)
17 (5%)
33 (10%)
7 (2%)
Respiratory System
   Cough increased
   Pharyngitis
   Rhinitis
   Sinusitis
   Upper respiratory infection
13 (4%)
35 (10%)
21 (6%)
22 (6%)
42 (12%)
22 (7%)
35 (10%)
30 (9%)
36 (11%)
34 (10%)
14 (4%)
40 (12%)
31 (10%)
24 (7%)
28 (9%)
14 (4%)
38 (11%)
42 (13%)
24 (7%)
35 (11%)
Skin and Appendages
   Pruritus14 (4%)17 (5%)16 (5%)7 (2%)
Urogenital System
   Breast pain
   Leukorrhea
   Vaginal hemorrhage
   Vaginal moniliasis
   Vaginitis
38 (11%)
18 (5%)
47 (14%)
20 (6%)
24 (7%)
41 (12%)
22 (7%)
14 (4%)
18 (5%)
20 (6%)
24 (7%)
13 (4%)
7 (2%)
17 (5%)
16 (5%)
29 (9%)
9 (3%)
0
6 (2%)
4 (1%)

The following additional adverse reactions have been reported with estrogen and/or progestin therapy:

1. Genitourinary system

Abnormal uterine bleeding/spotting

Dysmenorrhea/pelvic pain

Increase in size of uterine leiomyomata

Vaginitis, including vaginal candidiasis

Change in amount of cervical secretion

Change in cervical ectropion

Ovarian cancer

Endometrial hyperplasia

Endometrial cancer

2. Breasts

Tenderness, enlargement, pain, discharge, galactorrhea

Fibrocystic breast changes

Breast cancer

3. Cardiovascular

Deep and superficial venous thrombosis

Pulmonary embolism

Thrombophlebitis

Myocardial infarction

Stroke

Increase in blood pressure

4. Gastrointestinal

Nausea, vomiting

Abdominal cramps, bloating

Cholestatic jaundice

Increased incidence of gallbladder disease

Pancreatitis

Enlargement of hepatic hemangiomas

Ischemic colitis

5. Skin

Chloasma or melasma that may persist when drug is discontinued

Erythema multiforme

Erythema nodosum

Hemorrhagic eruption

Loss of scalp hair

Hirsutism

Pruritus, rash

6. Eyes

Retinal vascular thrombosis

Intolerance to contact lenses

7. Central Nervous System

Headache

Migraine

Dizziness

Mental depression

Exacerbation of chorea

Nervousness

Mood disturbances

Irritability

Exacerbation of epilepsy

Dementia

Possible growth potentiation of benign meningioma

8. Miscellaneous

Increase or decrease in weight

Glucose intolerance

Aggravation of porphyria

Edema

Arthralgias

Leg cramps

Changes in libido

Urticaria, angioedema, anaphylactoid/anaphylactic reactions

Hypocalcemia (preexisting condition)

Exacerbation of asthma

Increased triglycerides

OVERDOSAGE

Overdosage of estrogen may cause nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, drowsiness/fatigue and withdrawal bleeding may occur in females. Treatment of overdose consists of discontinuation of PREMARIN together with institution of appropriate symptomatic care.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

When estrogen is prescribed for a postmenopausal woman with a uterus, progestin should also be initiated to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. A woman without a uterus does not need progestin. Use of estrogen, alone or in combination with a progestin, should be with the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Patients should be reevaluated periodically as clinically appropriate (for example at 3-month to 6-month intervals) to determine if treatment is still necessary (see BOXED WARNINGS and WARNINGS). For women with a uterus, adequate diagnostic measures, such as endometrial sampling, when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in cases of undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal vaginal bleeding.

PREMARIN may be taken without regard to meals.

  1. For treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and/or moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy due to menopause:

    When prescribing solely for the treatment of moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, topical vaginal products should be considered.

    Patients should be treated with the lowest effective dose. Generally, women should be started at 0.3 mg PREMARIN daily. Subsequent dosage adjustment may be made based upon the individual patient response. This dose should be periodically reassessed by the healthcare provider.

    PREMARIN therapy may be given continuously, with no interruption in therapy, or in cyclical regimens (regimens such as 25 days on drug followed by five days off drug), as is medically appropriate on an individualized basis.

  2. For prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis:

    When prescribing solely for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, therapy should be considered only for women at significant risk of osteoporosis and for whom non-estrogen medications are not considered to be appropriate. Patients should be treated with the lowest effective dose. Generally, women should be started at 0.3 mg PREMARIN daily. Subsequent dosage adjustment may be made based upon the individual clinical and bone mineral density responses. This dose should be periodically reassessed by the healthcare provider.

    PREMARIN therapy may be given continuously, with no interruption in therapy, or in cyclical regimens (regimens such as 25 days on drug followed by five days off drug), as is medically appropriate on an individualized basis.

  3. For treatment of female hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism, castration, or primary ovarian failure:

    Female hypogonadism — 0.3 mg or 0.625 mg daily, administered cyclically (e.g., three weeks on and one week off). Doses are adjusted depending on the severity of symptoms and responsiveness of the endometrium.

    In clinical studies of delayed puberty due to female hypogonadism, breast development was induced by doses as low as 0.15 mg. The dosage may be gradually titrated upward at 6-to-12 month intervals as needed to achieve appropriate bone age advancement and eventual epiphyseal closure. Clinical studies suggest that doses of 0.15 mg, 0.3 mg, and 0.6 mg are associated with mean ratios of bone age advancement to chronological age progression (ΔBA/ΔCA) of 1.1, 1.5, and 2.1, respectively. (PREMARIN in the dose strength of 0.15 mg is not available commercially). Available data suggest that chronic dosing with 0.625 mg is sufficient to induce artificial cyclic menses with sequential progestin treatment and to maintain bone mineral density after skeletal maturity is achieved.

    Female castration or primary ovarian failure — 1.25 mg daily, cyclically. Adjust dosage, upward or downward, according to severity of symptoms and response of the patient. For maintenance, adjust dosage to lowest level that will provide effective control.

  4. For treatment of breast cancer, for palliation only, in appropriately selected women and men with metastatic disease:

    Suggested dosage is 10 mg three times daily, for a period of at least three months.

  5. For treatment of advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate, for palliation only:

    1.25 mg to 2 x 1.25 mg three times daily. The effectiveness of therapy can be judged by phosphatase determinations as well as by symptomatic improvement of the patient.

HOW SUPPLIED

PREMARIN® (conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

— Each oval yellow tablet contains 1.25 mg, in bottles of 100 (NDC 0046-1104-81) and 1,000 (NDC 0046-1104-91).

— Each oval white tablet contains 0.9 mg, in bottles of 100 (NDC 0046-1103-81).

— Each oval maroon tablet contains 0.625 mg, in bottles of 100 (NDC 0046-1102-81) and 1,000 (NDC 0046-1102-91).

— Each oval blue tablet contains 0.45 mg, in bottles of 100 (NDC 0046-1101-81).

— Each oval green tablet contains 0.3 mg, in bottles of 100 (NDC 0046-1100-81) and 1,000 (NDC 0046-1100-91).

The appearance of these tablets is a trademark of Wyeth Pharmaceuticals.

Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Dispense in a well-closed container, as defined in the USP.

PATIENT INFORMATION

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

Read this PATIENT INFORMATION before you start taking PREMARIN and read what you get each time you refill your PREMARIN prescription. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about PREMARIN (an estrogen mixture)?

What is PREMARIN?

PREMARIN is a medicine that contains a mixture of estrogen hormones.

PREMARIN is used after menopause to:

PREMARIN is also used to:

Who should not take PREMARIN?

Do not start taking PREMARIN if you:

Tell your healthcare provider:

How should I take PREMARIN?

What are the possible side effects of PREMARIN?

Side effects are grouped by how serious they are and how often they happen when you are treated.

Serious but less common side effects include:

Some of the warning signs of these serious side effects include:

Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these warning signs, or any other unusual symptoms that concern you.

Less serious but common side effects include:

These are not all the possible side effects of PREMARIN. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

What can I do to lower my chances of getting a serious side effect with PREMARIN?

General information about the safe and effective use of PREMARIN

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets. Do not take PREMARIN for conditions for which it was not prescribed. Do not give PREMARIN to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

Keep PREMARIN out of the reach of children.

This leaflet provides a summary of the most important information about PREMARIN. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask for information about PREMARIN that is written for health professionals. You can get more information by calling the toll free number 800-934-5556.

What are the ingredients in PREMARIN?

PREMARIN contains a mixture of conjugated estrogens, which are a mixture of sodium estrone sulfate and sodium equilin sulfate and other components including sodium sulfate conjugates, 17 α-dihydroequilin, 17 α-estradiol, and 17 β-dihydroequilin.

PREMARIN 0.3 mg, 0.45 mg, 0.625 mg, 0.9 mg, and 1.25 mg tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, hydroxypropyl cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, powdered cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sucrose and titanium dioxide.

The tablets come in different strengths and each strength tablet is a different color. The color ingredients are:

— 0.3 mg tablet (green color): D&C Yellow No. 10 and FD&C Blue No. 2.

— 0.45 mg tablet (blue color): FD&C Blue No. 2.

— 0.625 mg tablet (maroon color): FD&C Blue No. 2 and FD&C Red No. 40.

— 0.9 mg tablet (white color): D&C Red No. 30 and D&C Red No. 7.

— 1.25 mg tablet (yellow color): black iron oxide, D&C Yellow No. 10, and FD&C Yellow No. 6.

The appearance of these tablets is a trademark of Wyeth Pharmaceuticals.

Store at Controlled Room Temperature 20° – 25°C (68° – 77°F).

computer.jpgThis product's label may have been updated. For current package insert and further product information, please visit www.wyeth.com or call our medical communications department toll-free at 1‑800‑934‑5556.phone.jpg

Wyeth®

Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Philadelphia, PA 19101

W10405C025

ET01

Rev 02/10

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.3 MG - LABEL

NDC 0046-1100-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.3 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.3 mg - Label

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.3 MG - CARTON

NDC 0046-1100-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.3 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.3 mg - Carton

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.45 MG - LABEL

NDC 0046-1101-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.45 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.45 mg - Label

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.45 MG - CARTON

NDC 0046-1101-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.45 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.45 mg - Carton

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.625 MG - LABEL

NDC 0046-1102-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.625 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.625 mg - Label

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.625 MG - CARTON

NDC 0046-1102-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.625 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.625 mg - Carton

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.9 MG - LABEL

NDC 0046-1103-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.9 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.9 mg - Label

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.9 MG - CARTON

NDC 0046-1103-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

0.9 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 0.9 mg - Carton

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1.25 MG - LABEL

NDC 0046-1104-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

1.25 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 1.25 mg - Label

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1.25 MG - CARTON

NDC 0046-1104-81

100 Tablets

PREMARIN®

(conjugated estrogens tablets, USP)

1.25 mg

SEALED FOR YOUR PROTECTION

Visit us at www.PREMARIN.com

Rx only

Wyeth®

Principal Display Panel - 1.25 mg - Carton

PREMARIN 
conjugated estrogens   tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGNDC Product Code (Source)0046-1100
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED (ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED) ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED0.3 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 
HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
POWDERED CELLULOSE 
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 CPS) 
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE 
MAGNESIUM STEARATE 
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 
SUCROSE 
TITANIUM DIOXIDE 
D&C YELLOW NO. 10 
FD&C BLUE NO. 2 
Product Characteristics
ColorGREEN (GREEN) Score no score
ShapeOVAL (OVAL) Size10mm
FlavorImprint Code PREMARIN;03
Contains    
Packaging
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10046-1100-81100 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone
20046-1100-911000 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone

Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA00478201/01/2006

PREMARIN 
conjugated estrogens   tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGNDC Product Code (Source)0046-1103
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED (ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED) ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED0.9 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 
HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
POWDERED CELLULOSE 
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 CPS) 
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE 
MAGNESIUM STEARATE 
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 
SUCROSE 
TITANIUM DIOXIDE 
D&C RED NO. 30 
D&C RED NO. 7 
Product Characteristics
ColorWHITE (WHITE) Score no score
ShapeOVAL (OVAL) Size12mm
FlavorImprint Code PREMARIN;09
Contains    
Packaging
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10046-1103-81100 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone

Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA00478201/01/2006

PREMARIN 
conjugated estrogens   tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGNDC Product Code (Source)0046-1101
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED (ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED) ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED0.45 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 
HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
POWDERED CELLULOSE 
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 CPS) 
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE 
MAGNESIUM STEARATE 
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 
SUCROSE 
TITANIUM DIOXIDE 
FD&C BLUE NO. 2 
Product Characteristics
ColorBLUE (BLUE) Score no score
ShapeOVAL (OVAL) Size10mm
FlavorImprint Code PREMARIN;045
Contains    
Packaging
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10046-1101-81100 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone

Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA00478201/01/2006

PREMARIN 
conjugated estrogens   tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGNDC Product Code (Source)0046-1104
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED (ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED) ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED1.25 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 
HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
POWDERED CELLULOSE 
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 CPS) 
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE 
MAGNESIUM STEARATE 
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 
SUCROSE 
TITANIUM DIOXIDE 
FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE 
D&C YELLOW NO. 10 
FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 
Product Characteristics
ColorYELLOW (YELLOW) Score no score
ShapeOVAL (OVAL) Size14mm
FlavorImprint Code PREMARIN;125
Contains    
Packaging
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10046-1104-911000 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone
20046-1104-81100 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone

Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA00478209/01/2004

PREMARIN 
conjugated estrogens   tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGNDC Product Code (Source)0046-1102
Route of AdministrationORALDEA Schedule    
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED (ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED) ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED0.625 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient NameStrength
TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE 
HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE 
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE 
POWDERED CELLULOSE 
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 CPS) 
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 CPS) 
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE 
MAGNESIUM STEARATE 
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 
SUCROSE 
TITANIUM DIOXIDE 
FD&C BLUE NO. 2 
FD&C RED NO. 40 
Product Characteristics
ColorBROWN (MAROON) Score no score
ShapeOVAL (OVAL) Size10mm
FlavorImprint Code PREMARIN;0625
Contains    
Packaging
#NDCPackage DescriptionMultilevel Packaging
10046-1102-81100 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone
20046-1102-911000 TABLET In 1 BOTTLENone

Marketing Information
Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
NDANDA00478201/01/2006

Labeler - Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc. (828831441)
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIOperations
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Company071170729MANUFACTURE, ANALYSIS
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIOperations
Wyeth Medica Ireland, Ltd.234118425MANUFACTURE, ANALYSIS
Establishment
NameAddressID/FEIOperations
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc.828831441MANUFACTURE, ANALYSIS
Revised: 02/2010Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc.